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East ILoI dated 2019-10-15

Greetings unto the heralds of the East Kingdom and the Known World! We thank you for your commentary, and recommend the following items for your attention.

This letter includes submissions from Pennsic. Please note that the scanning may not show purples, blacks and browns well, but the color-corrected version should make it clear which tincture is intended.

I would like to extend my sincere gratitude to all of the volunteer consulting heralds, heraldic artists, and the industrious coloring squad, without whom Pennsic submissions would not be possible. This year we had volunteers as young as 10 years old, as well as someone celebrating their golden jubilee (50 years) of Pennsic involvement.

It is not our intention to penalize any submitter for quality of artwork or coloring unless the emblazon has issues with recognizability or violates rule/precedent.

If Muirenn Blue Tyger consulted on any submissions on this letter, decisions will be made by Lilie Pantheon and Sláine Diademe.

1: Æthelthryth Kenricing -New Badge

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as ?thelthryth Kenricing in June of 2015, via the East.

Purpure, on a chevron between three increscents argent three pheons inverted sable

This submission is to be associated with Æthelthryth Kenricing


2: Ander Tynegate -New Name

Sound (And-er) most important.

Ander is an English given name found in FamilySearch: Ander Bullyman, 07 Jan 1592, Bassingthorpe, Lincoln, England, batch C02599-2 (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N26B-Q83)

Tynegate is an English surname found in R&W, s.n. Tinegate, dated 1332. I and y are commonly interchangeable in English names.


3: Aryana van Wyck -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1991, via the East.

(Fieldless) A footless dove volant wings elevated and addorsed azure


4: Asa Danskona -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (Norse) most important.
Culture (Viking Age) most important.

Asa is a feminine Old Norse name found in GB, p 8. It is marked as a Landnamabok name, with 1 instance. The name in GB is shown with the accent on the first a, but the submitter prefers to have accents dropped

The byname is intended to mean 'wife of Danr'.

Danr is a masculine Old Norse name found in GB, p 9, combined with -kona; the Norse word for 'wife' as found in "The Bynames of the Viking Age Runic Inscriptions - Names of Wives" by Lindorm Eriksson https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/lindorm/runicbynames/wives.htm#start. The genitive Dans- is formed according to GB, p. 17.


5: Asher de Lincolia -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 2013, via the East.

Per pall inverted azure, sable, and argent, in chevron a spear and a gladius argent


6: Caius Ignatius Pontianus -New Name & New Device

Sable, a trident Or between in chief two snakes embowed and counterembowed addorsed argent and in base a gorgon's head cabossed Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (Caius Ignatius Pontianus) most important.

Caius is a praenomen found in "A Simple Guide to Imperial Roman Names" by Ursula Georges (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/roman.html), along with the pattern of the tria nomina (praenomen + nomen + cognomen).

Ignatius is a nomen from the Epigraphic Database, dated to the first century, which reads, in part. D(is) M(anibus) / Dialla[g]e / filiae dulcissimae / Ignatius et / Corinthias parentes https://edh-www.adw.uni-heidelberg.de/edh/inschrift/HD010416

Pontianus is a Roman cognomen found in the Epigraphic Database Heidelberg, transcription HD039813 (Canonical URI: https://edh-www.adw.uni-heidelberg.de/edh/inschrift/HD039813&lang=en). The inscription is dated between 101-200 CE, and is found in what is now Algeria: Transcription: D(is) M(anibus) s(acrum) / C(aius) Aemili/us Ponti/anus v(ixit) a(nnos) / XXXXXV h(ic) s(itus) est

Note that under the new clarification of the Unity of Orientation and Posture rules, a humanoid head and serpents do not have comparable postures or orientations, so we do not believe that there is an issue with UoO/UoP with this arrangement. http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2019/07/19-07cl.html#6

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/1601/2019-10-10/13-00-30_Caius_Ignatius_Pontianus_name_1.jpg


7: Cassandra de la Fuente -New Name & New Device

Per pale Or and azure, three dragonflies counterchanged

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Meaning ((of the) fountain for surname) most important.

Cassandra is a feminine given name found in 16th century Spain in Family Search Historical Records: Ortencia Cassandra Alexa Rey Baptized at Gerone, Spain on 19 Oct. 1576 Batch # C89234-2 https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FFSH-CBJ

de la Fuente is a Spanish surname found in Iruela and Diez _Catalogo de Pasajeros a Indias Vol.5 Tome 2_ 1575-77_ p. 633, which dates Ana de la Fuente to 1575.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/2236/2019-10-09/11-34-38_catlogodepasaj52rome_0005.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/2236/2019-10-09/11-38-59_catlogodepasaj51rome_0129.jpg


8: Christina Jenevra de Carvalhal -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2015, via the East.

(Fieldless) An otter sejant erect guardant proper, maintaining a salmon embowed argent

The otter is clearly brown in the original snip, although OSCAR color-corrects it to black.


9: Durin Bastian -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (Dur-in) most important.

Durin is a French literary given name found in _Le Second Livre d'Amadis de Gaule_ , for example in this 1577 edition in French. (https://books.google.com/books?id=655mAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA91-IA1).

Bastian is an English surname found in FamilySearch: David Bastian, 09 Mar 1582, SAINT PETER PARMENTERGATE, NORWICH, NORFOLK, ENGLAND, batch C05858-1 https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NRZF-86N

French and English name elements can be combined within 300 years per Appendix C of SENA.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/2236/2019-10-09/11-49-52_download.jpg


10: Dyddgu Aberistwith -New Name & New Device

Argent, a hedgehog rampant and on a chief gules three paw prints argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Culture (Welsh) most important.

Dyddgu is a female given name from the 16th century found in Women's Names in the First Half of 16th Century Wales by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn http://heraldry.sca.org/names/welshfem16/given.html

Aberistwith is an alternate spelling for Aberystwyth dated to 1641 in Harley Manuscript 18760, per correspondence with a curator from the Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru (National Library of Wales).

Per "A Simple Guide to Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn http://heraldry.sca.org/names/welsh16.html

Place-names may appear as inherited surnames, but in many cases the place involved is the village or region where the person lives. The name of the place appears by itself, without using of or any other connector.

There is a SFPP for the use of paw prints.


11: Dýrfinna Hildibrandsdóttir -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Dýrfinna is a feminine given name found in G.B. on page 9.

Hildibrandr is a masculine given name found G.B. on page 11.

The patronymic is formed using rules on page 17 of Geirr Bassi -r > -s


12: Etheldreda Ivelchyld -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2015, via the East.

(Fieldless) A skeleton affronty Or


13: Futotth Anastasia -New Name & New Device

Purpure, on a bend sable fimbriated a dragon passant argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (client wants Futotth, meaning runaway) most important.

Futotth is a surname found in Kolosovari Arpadne Julia "Hungarian Surnames Related to Wandering" (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/julia/Wanderer.html) s.n. Futott "runaway". The spelling "Futtoth" is dated to 1588.

Anastasia is a feminine given name dated to 1577 in Walraven von Nijmegen "Hungarian Feminine Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/magfem2.html) , s.n. Anasztazia.

The naming pattern in Hungarian is byname + given according to SENA Appendix A.


14: Guðrún Hafgrímsdóttir -New Name & New Device

Per bend gyronny azure and ermine, and sable

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for Old Norse.

Guðrún is a feminine given name that appears on p. 10 of Geirr Bassi.

Hafgrimr is a masculine given name that appears on p. 10 of Geirr Bassi.

Hafgrímsdóttir the expected patronymic formed via the rules found on on p. 17 of Geirr Bassi.


15: Guðrún Sveinnsdóttir -New Name & New Device

Vert, a lion passant Or and a bordure Or semy of eight-petalled roses gules barbed vert

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for Old Norse Icelandic.
Meaning (last name more important) most important.

Both names are documented out of GB, and are marked as Landnamabok, making this name authentic for around 900-1000 CE.

Guðrún is an Icelandic feminine given name found on p 10

Sveinnsdóttir is a constructed patronymic. The Icelandic masculine name Sveinn is found on p 15. The patronymic is formed according to rules on p 17-18.

If a holding name becomes necessary, submitter has been using Rosie of Mountain Freehold and would request that as the holding name using the branch name allowance and the following documentation:

Mountain Freehold, Shire of

This branch-name was registered in March of 2016 (via the East).

Rosie is found as an English feminine given name in FamilySearch Historical Records:

Rosie Moyle, chr 1564, Cornwall, England, batch P00235-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N597-RZY

Rosie Fick, married 1595, Cornwall, England, batch M00235-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V52N-GW4


16: Lucie de Bayonne -New Name & New Device

Azure, in pale a clew of yarn and a frog maintaining two knitting needles in saltire argent

Submitter has no desire as to gender.
Sound (Lew-see) most important.

Lucie is a feminine French given name found in a baptismal record on Family Search: Lucie Thieblemont, 10 Aug 1650, Maxey-sur-Vaise, Meuse, Lorraine, France BATCH C83378-1 https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F9DP-CHH

Lucie is also found as a feminine given name in English in "Names from Early English Wills" by Sara L. Uckelman known in the SCA as Aryanhwy merch Catmael. The author lists 2 instances dated to 1411.(http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/earlyenglishwills.html)

de Bayonne is a byname found in "Names Found in Commercial Documents from Bordeaux, 1470-1520" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael. http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/bordeaux.html

Pattern given + locative formed according to SENA Appendix A

The mixing of an English given name and a French byname is allowable according to SENA Appendix C.


17: Luiza Vinçente -New Device

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Luiza Vin?ente in February of 2014, via the Middle.

Lozengy vert and argent, semy of horse's heads gules, on a base argent two Brazilwood leaves crossed in saltire vert

This is the first instance of brazilwood leaves as a charge.

Brazilwood is discussed in Andre Thevet, "Les singularitez de la France Antartique", Paris, published in 1557, with an image on leaf 177. It is referred to in this text as "l'arbre de Brasil" - the tree of Brazil. It was harvested and widely used by the Portuguese for making a red dye. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k109516t

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/1601/2019-10-10/15-51-17_brazilwood-cover.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/1601/2019-10-10/15-51-17_brazilwood-page.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/1601/2019-10-10/15-51-18_brazilwood-page1.jpg


18: Margaret Sevensterre -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2019, via the East.

(Fieldless) In pale a raven sable sustaining a heraldic rose gules


19: Maria Charries -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2018, via the East.

Per pale azure and purpure, two ibexes courrant in annulo argent

The submitter's previous device "Per pale indented azure and purpure, two ibexes rampant respectant, that in dexter inverted argent." was returned 2018/04 LOAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2018/04/18-04lar.html#185):

This device is returned for violation of SENA A3D2c, which requires that "The charges within a charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation." The dexter ibex is inverted, which must be explicitly blazoned separately from the sinister ibex. Also, longstanding precedent does not allow inverted animate charges in SCA heraldry except when in a recognized arrangement such as in annulo. The submitter provided evidence of an ibex inverted in period manuscripts; however, none were in a heraldic context. Without such evidence the longstanding precedent does not allow inverted animate charges in SCA heraldry except when in a recognized arrangement such as in annulo is upheld.

This version puts the ibexes in annulo as recommended on the return.

From the December 2017 cover letter:

* From Wreath: Charges In Annulo

In annulo is a term used to describe charges arranged in such a way that they form an annulet, or circle. It's possible for a number (usually 6 or more) of any type of charge to be in annulo by arranging them so their centers follow a circle, and certain long, skinny charges like serpents or stag's attires can be in annulo with only one charge. However, when there are five or fewer charges in the charge group, the ability of charges to represent an annular formation becomes more difficult, depending on the shape and orientation of the charges. Three wolves rampant, heads to center, cannot be in annulo, because their arrangement and orientation do not suggest an annulet. However, three wolves courant can be in annulo, provided their bodies curve and conform to the shape of an annulet. Although the example given is for three quadrupeds, we feel that 2 quadrupeds are still recognizable as courrant and gives the appearance of an annulet.


20: Maria Charries -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2018, via the East.

(Fieldless) A bee per pale azure and purpure


21: Marian Kirkpatrick -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2011, via the East.

(Fieldless) A clarion reversed sable


22: Marian Kirkpatrick -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2011, via the East.

(Fieldless) On a nesselblat inverted argent a trillium inverted vert

This is an admin resub for which no fees were collected. The previous version of this item was lost at Pennsic 46.


23: Markus farmaðr -New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of April 30, 2019 as submitted.

Azure, a pall inverted cotised between two dogs combattant and a boar's head cabossed argent


24: Nausicaa Bithewater -New Name & New Device

Purpure, a unicorn rampant Or crined, queued and armed argent, on a chief Or three cabbages purpure

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for English.
Meaning (Burner of ships) most important.

Nausicaa is a feminine given name in Greek that was mentioned in the Odyssey. The Odyssey was translated into English in 1581, as well as twice more before 1600, according to Wikipedia. The name appears in a just post-1600 translation (the first one that is considered good enough to have survived easily) as Nausicaa (https://archive.org/details/iliadandodyssey00homegoog/page/n359).

There is a pattern of classical names used as given names in the 16th century in England.

Bithewater Appears as an English surname dating to 1279 in Reaney & Wilson p.78

Given name + Surname is a normal English Pattern SENA Appendix A, and the name elements are found within 500 years of each other as required by SENA Appendix C.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/2236/2019-10-09/13-03-42_iliadandodyssey00homegoog_0359.jpg


25: Rɨonach inghen Daigre -New Name & New Device

Vert, in pale a crescent pendant and a stag's head affronty erased argent antlered Or

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Spelling (Rɨonach) most important.

Rɨonach is a post-hyphen spelling in OC&M, Rignach is the earlier form. Rignach is the name of a saint in the gray period Martyrology of Gorman (her feast day is Dec 18).

The submitter wanted 'Rhynn', looking for name with similar sound.

Submitter prefers the later spelling because the desired pronunciation is more obvious to modern English speakers.

Daigre is a masculine given name in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/), dated to 814 and 1056. The genitive is not known; we ask for assistance with the proper formation of the patronymic.

inghen is the earlier period spelling of the word indicating "daughter of." The submitter allows for changes if the spelling needs to be changed to match the time period of the patronymic.


26: Sebastianne La Rousse -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2011, via Æthelmearc.

Per chevron ployé inverted fleury at the point sable and argent, two roundels sable

This submission is to be associated with Sebastianne la Rousse


27: Signý otr -New Name & New Device

Per bend sinister purpure and azure, an otter rampant to sinister reguardant within an orle engrailed argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for Old Norse.
Sound (Signy) most important.
Meaning (meaning of byname) most important.

Signý is found as a feminine given name in Geirr Bassi, p. 14.

The descriptive byname 'otr' (meaning "otter") is constructed. It is found as a word in Cleasby Vigfusson and is attested as a man's given name by the Viking Answer Lady (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml). This follows the pattern of descriptive bynames based on animals. There are extensive different examples - including fish, mammals, and birds. A few are included below. The closest examples are 'beaver' and 'mouse.'

  • kráka: crow
  • lambi: lamb
  • Hafr-: Billygoat-
  • hestr: horse
  • hœngr: male salmon
  • Bifru-: beaver-
  • Músa-: Mouse-


28: Skarpheðinn inn hávi -New Name & New Device

Per pale vert and argent, between two wolves combattant counterchanged a spear Or and a bordure counterchanged

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (Not Specified) most important.

Skarpheðinn is a masculine given name found in Geirr Bassi p. 14. It is found twice in the Landnamabok.

inn hávi is found in Geirr Bassi, p. 22; it is a descriptive byname meaning "tall, impressive." It is found 4 times in the Landnamabok.


29: Sojourner van Haarlem -New Name & New Device

Per pale argent and vert, an arrow inverted azure and a lightning bolt Or in saltire and a base wavy azure

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (Sojourner) most important.

Sojourner is a descriptive byname found as le Sojourner in the MED, dated 1325, and as Sojorner in FamilySearch: Jane Sojorner, 18 Nov 1621, Rochdale, Lancashire, England. Batch #P00582-1 The spelling sojourner is found as a common noun in a 1644 English edition of the Bible (https://books.google.com/books?id=QMxIAAAAcAAJ&pg=RA5-PP1), showing that it is also plausible for use of the surname in the 17th C, which can then be used as a given name [Alton of Grimfells, Apr 2010, A-East].

Haarlem is a Dutch place found in Jasper Tournay, Van de Erfzonde Disputatie tusschen de predicanten tot Haarlem, published in 1610 (https://books.google.com/books?id=Yq1lAAAAcAAJ&pg=PP3).

The Dutch locative preposition van is found in Appendix A of SENA, and English and Dutch can be combined per Appendix C of SENA


30: Sojourner van Haarlem -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) An arrow inverted azure and a lightning bolt Or in saltire


31: Stefnir Þorvaldsson -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Old Norse) most important.
Culture (Old Norse) most important.

Stefnir is a masculine given name found in Geirr Bassi on p. 15.

Þorvaldsson is a constructed patronymic byname, from 'Þorvaldr' which is found in Geirr Bassi p. 16 as a masculine given name. The genitive form, according to Geirr Bassi, p. 17 is 'Þorvalds-', which takes the suffix '-son' to form the patronymic byname.


32: Thornton Cat -New Name & New Device

Purpure, a domestic cat rampant within an orle of thorns Or

No changes.
Client requests authenticity for 16th-C England.

Thornton is an English surname used as given name found in R&W, sn Thornton, dated 1364. In addition, the variant spellings Thornetone and Thorneton are dated 1549 and 1579, respectively, in Bardsley, s.n. Thornton.

Cat is a surname dated 1327 in Bardsley, s.n. Catt.


33: Yahya al-Jaziri -New Name & New Device

Argent, a doumbek between three peppers vert

Client requests authenticity for Arabic (Egyptian).
Meaning (byname meaning, not specified) most important.

Yahya is found in Basil Dragonstrike, "Names Found in An Arab-Syrian Gentleman and Warrior in the Period of the Crusades: Memoirs of Usāmah Ibn-Munqidh, as translated by Philip K. Hitti". It is dated between roughly 1100-1183 (https://s-gabriel.org/names/basil/ibnmunqidh/ismsmun.html).

al-Jaziri is found as the byname of Abu al-Hasan al Jaziri, d. 1189, in _Trade and Traders in Muslim Spain_, p. 125 (https://books.google.com/books?id=M-CVlhPb21MC&pg=PA125).

The submitter would prefer to omit diacritical marks.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/1601/2019-10-10/13-10-13_Yahya_al-Jaziri_name_2.jpg


Yours in service,

Muirenn Blue Tyger


OSCAR counts 19 Names, 18 Devices and 10 Badges. There are a total of 47 items submitted on this letter.