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East ILoI dated 2018-09-19

Greetings unto the heralds of the East Kingdom and the Known World! We thank you for your commentary, and recommend the following items for your attention.

1: Alaxandair Morda mac Matha -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of January 31, 2017 as Alaxandair Mórda mac Matha.

(Fieldless) A rhinoceros statant sable

Consulting herald: Mathghamhain Ua Ruadhain

The image is taken from Durer's woodcut dated 1515.

Submitter believes that the horn, armored hide, and body profile should provide a DC, if not an SC, from the hippopotamus found in Sajah bint Habushun ibn Ishandiyar al-Hajjiaji's registered badge, "(Fieldless) A brown hippopotamus statant guardant proper."

2: Alienor Salton -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 1993, via the East.

Per pale argent and purpure, three saltorels counterchanged

Consulting herald: Mathghamhain ua Ruadhain

3: Andreiko Efferiev -Resub Device

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Gules, a cloud sable

Consulting herald: Rosina von Schaffhausen

This submission was returned on the February 2017 LoaR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2017/02/17-02lar.html) for conflict with the badge of Mell MacAlpin. Permission to conflict has been received, and is attached.

The full text of the return is as follows:

This device is returned for violation of SENA A.3.B.4.a, which states "Charges must have good contrast with the background on which they are placed." The submitter attempted to document an Individually Attested Pattern for late-period English heraldry. While sable charges on gules fields were sufficiently documented, and evidence of both bordures and clouds in English heraldry were established, the pattern of a low-contrast complex primary charge and a high-contrast secondary charge was not sufficiently documented by the submitter (who provided only two examples), and subsequent examples were not found in commentary.

Removal of the bordure would bring the submission into alignment with the documented patterns, but would create a conflict with the badge of Mell MacAlpin (Fieldless) A cloud sable.. Given how recently the badge was registered, we encourage the submitter to reach out to the heralds of Calontir to seek permission to conflict from Mell MacAlpin.

The original submission offered the following IAP evidence:

This device is being submitted as an IAP for complex sable charges on a gules field surrounded by a high-contrast border in English heraldry.

Sable charges on gules are common:

http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/wmss/medieval/mss/lat/misc/e/086.htm - fol 38V-39R has "Sable, a cross formy gules" - probably not complex enough, but it's a start. This is a 15th Century English manuscript.

DBA I p 132: Gules, a lion Sable, STAUNTON LQ

DBA II p 144: Gules, a two-headed eagle Sable. SESARE, Julius RH 43; Ancestor iii 194.

DBA II p 220: Gules, a bridge of two arches with a turret at each end Sable and in base three roundels 1 and 2 Or. FERREY, Duke of. PCL IV 115

DBA IV, p 110: Gules, 3 garbs sable banded Or. WALDESHEFF, Sr Nichol. CKO 643.

DBA IV p 150: Gules, three bear's heads erased sable. --- PLN 1255.

DBA IV p 157: Gules, three bull's heads cabossed sable armed Or . KYNNYMAN, CC 224b, 83.

DBA IV p 175: Gules, three bugle horns Sable stringed Argent --- FK II 1020. (qtd by Horne) and Gules, three bugle horns leathered Sable. HORNE of Kent, PLN 726 (sic: qtg Gu crusily fitchy a chev betw 3 garbs Arg.)

DBA IV p 175: Gules, 3 bugle horns sable stringed and garnished Or. HUNTETWYOTE SK 951.

Clouds are found in English heraldry:

DBA III p 77: Azure, 3 clouds Purpure radiated in base Or each surmounted with a triple crown Or caps Purpure surmounted with a roundel and cross formy Or. DRAPERS COMPANY of LONDON, 1H7 61.

During Kingdom commentary, one example of black charges on a red field with a high-contrast borudure was found: Sable, three mullets gules, a bordure engrailed Or (http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/wmss/medieval/jpegs/lat/misc/e/1500/08601030.jpg)

Permission to conflict text:

I, [redacted], known in the SCA as Mell MacAlpin, give [redacted], known in the SCA as Andreiko Eferiev, permission for her armory "Gules, a cloud sable" to look similar to, but not identical to, my armory "(Fieldless) A cloud sable." I understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once Andreiko Eferiev's armory is registered.

4: Anne of Østgarðr -New Name & New Device

Per fess sable and vert, a tree and in chief a comet bendwise argent

Consulting herald: Mathghamhain Ua Ruadhain

Anne is a female given name in multiple parts of medieval Europe. It is found in the Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources (http://dmnes.org/name/Anne/) as attested in 1485 in Early Modern English, citing Wills and Inventories Illustrative of the History, Manners, Language, Statistics, etc. of the Northern Counties of England, from the Eleventh Century Downwards," volume I of Publications of the Surtees Society. London: J.B. Nicholas and Son, 1835.

Østgarðr is the name of the Crown Province of the East Kingdom, registered in April of 1984 (via the East). The byname "of Østgarðr" follows the Branch Name Allowance of SENA PN.1.B.2.F.

5: Asleif Gylfisdottir of Ruantallan -New Name & New Device

Per pall inverted wavy argent, sable and azure, a book Or and in base a dolphin argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

Ásleif appears in "Viking Names found in the Landnamabok" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael at http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html. Accents may be dropped from Viking names so long as they are consistently dropped.

Gylfisdottir is an Old Norse patronymic using <GylfiR> as found in nordiskt Runnamnslexikon, p 96. Following the pattern on p 17 of GB, <GylfiR> becomes Gylfis when -dottir is added.

Gylfi, GylfiR is also found in the Viking Answer Lady website (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml#g)

This name is found in OW.Norse as the fictional names Gylfi or GylfiR, best-known from "Gylfaginning" (The Deluding of Gylfi), a part of Snorri Sturluson's Prose Edda. The name is derived from Germanic *gulb-, which is also found in OW.Norse gylfr, a poetical name for "stream, small river" and is derived from a root-word meaning "rippling sea which yells and roars". Fellows-Jensen thinks that the name is a short form of Gjalfvér. Occurs as a human name in the runic nominative form kiulfiR, in an inscription detailing various land and estates owned by Gylfir. Anglo-Scandinavian forms include Gilfit.

FJ pp. 120 s.n. Gylfi; NR s.n. GylfiR

of Ruantallan is allowed according to the SENA Branch Name allowance which states "Name phrases may be created from the registered forms of SCA branches. Only the exact registered form of the branch name may be used, and they are registered in the lingua Anglica form, 'of Branchname'". Ruantallan is a barony of the East Kingdom.

The addition of the name element "of Ruantallan" should bring this clear of Æsileif Gylfisdottir

Consulting Herald: Aveline d'Amiens

6: Catelin Straquhin -New Name & New Device

Azure, a stag courant to dexter base between two roses argent

Consulting herald: Mathghamhain Ua Ruadhain

Catelin is an English female name found in a FamilySearch record for Catelin Maurenus, marriage date 4 Jan. 1637. Batch number M05426-1 https://familysearch.org/ark:61903/1:1:NKGT-JV9

Catelin also dates to 1198 in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames." https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/reaney.cgi?Katharine

Straquhin is a Scottish surname found in a FamilySearch record for Christan Straquhin, marriage date 19 Feb 1609. Batch number M11310-2


Straquhin also dates to 1533 and 1549 in Sharon L. Krossa's "Early 16th Century Scottish Lowland Names." http://medievalscotland.org/sctosnames/lowland16/surnamesinstances.shtml

SENA Appendix C indicates that after 1100, English and Scottish name elements may be combined.

While "courant to dexter base" is an unusual arrangement, it has been registered twice, most recently in January 2016.

7: Caterina Lombardi -New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of October 31, 2017 as submitted.

Per chevron azure and vert, two lilies and an owl argent

Consulting herald: Violet Hughes

8: Dara Bailey -New Name & New Device

Azure, two needles in saltire points to base argent threaded Or, and on a chief Or three fleur-de-lys azure

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Consulting herald: Eleazar ha-Levi

Dara is a femine given name found in a FamilySearch record for Dara Carrier, christening date 26 April 1635. Batch P00837-1 https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NP5W-M56

Bailey is a surname found in "Names in the 1319 Subsidy Roll of London" by Sara L. Uckleman, known in the SCA as Aryanhwy merch Catmael http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/surlondon1319.html

This name is constructed according to the rules for English names as found in SENA Appendix C.

9: Dorio of the Oaks -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 1999, via the East.

(Fieldless) A pelican in its piety argent irradiated azure

Consulting herald: Cassandra Hobbes

Note: The submitter was elevated to the Order of the Pelican by Darius and Roxanne III, and has arms registered as "Azure, a chevron ployé cotised and in base a pelican in its piety argent."

10: Gaeira Aggadottir -New Badge

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Gæira Aggadóttir in January of 2015, via the East.

(Fieldless) In pale a tentacle embowed issuant from a whelk argent.

11: Gaeira Aggadottir -New Badge

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Gæira Aggadóttir in January of 2015, via the East.

(Fieldless) Palewise, a tentacle couped and embowed argent.

12: Gísl strákr -Resub Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in January of 2019, via the East.

Old Item: Cosmo Solario, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

Consulting herald: Cristina Volpina

Gísl is a masculine Norse given name found in GB, p 10 and is from the Landnamabok.

strákr is a masculine Norse given name found in GB, p 10 and is from the Landnamabok.

The original submission was returned on the August 30 East Kingdom Letter of Decision due to issues brought up during commentary about the gender and meaning of the name elements, which led the submitter to change their mind about the submitted name. This resubmission addresses those concerns.

13: Katherine Murray -New Name & New Device

Azure, three garbs and on a chief Or, three cinquefoils gules.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.

Katherine is a post 1400 feminine personal name in "A List of Feminine Personal Names Found in Scottish Records" by Talan Gwynek http://heraldry.sca.org/names/scottishfem.html#scottishfemlate

Katherine: 1512 [THOWLESS, 770]; 1542 [MACAUSLAN]; 1564 [YESTER, 827]

Murray is listed as a surname in "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Oder Scottish Tongue" by Sara L. Uckelman http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/

Murray: 1479 (cast); 1496 (analy); 1501 (anherdance); 1501-2 (casualite); 1502 (coffer); 1506 (currour); 1522 (cotar); 1529 (barbour); 1530 (ale-); 1531 (contract, court buke); 1535 (clenging); 1538 (ale-); 1539 (begary); 1540 (ale-; archidenry); 1569 (comptes); 1582 (copper); 1583 (contractar); 1586 (biggar); 1588 (chalmer); 1591 (deame); 1596 (cordinar); 1630 (chamberlane, complene, coup-bearer)

14: Lily Anlaith Faa -New Name & New Device

Purpure, a lily argent slipped and leaved proper, and on a chief argent a roundel between an increscent and a decresant sable

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (Lily) most important.

Consulting herald: Slaine baen Ronan

Lily is a byname that appears in R&W, sn Liley Hugh Lily 1275. Per LoAR Sept 2012, bynames can appear as given names in English.

Anlaith is a feminine given name that appears in Index of Names in Irish Annals: Anlaith, by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, in the year 933 https://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Anlaith.shtml

Faa is found in Romany (Gypsy) Names, by Arval Benicoeur under the Academy of St Gabriel's lists of Romany names and seems to be an ethnic byname used by the Roma in England and Scotland. https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/romany/

15: Margaret Sevensterre -New Name & New Device

Per chevron gules semy of compass stars argent and sable, in base a dragon argent

Consulting herald: Cassandra Hobbes

Margaret is a feminine English given name found from 1185 through 1588 in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames - Part Three: The Names H-Z". http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyHZ.html

Sevensterre is an English byname found in 1355 in "A Brief Introduction to Medieval Bynames" by Talan Gwynek (Brian M. Scott) and Arval Benicoeur (Joshua Mittleman) https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/bynames/scabynames.html#scabynames

This name is constructed according to the rules for English names as found in SENA Appendix C.

16: Maria Erika von Ossenheim -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 1991, via the East.

(Fieldless) A winged mare couchant sable maintaining in her tail an oak leaf Or

This submission is to be associated with Maria Erika von Ossenheim

17: Mathghamhain Ua Ruadháin -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Per bend sinister argent and gules, issuant from the line of division a bear's head inverted contourny and a bear's head counterchanged

Illustration adapted from a woodcut by Hans Burgkmair the Elder of his arms, 1516.

In German armorials this is blazoned "Barenschnitt", which we might translate as "bear-cut."

For further discussion of this type of design see the commentary on Sigrothr Melrakki's device registered on the March 2018 LoAR, "Per fess sable and argent, issuant from the line of division a wolf's head inverted contourny and a wolf's head counterchanged."

18: Tyffayne de Trumpington -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2008, via the East.

Azure, on a unicorn head erased argent armed Or within an orle of paw prints Or a dove gules.

SFPP for the use of paw prints

Consulting herald: Aveline d'Amiens

Yours in service,

Muirenn Blue Tyger

OSCAR counts 7 Names, 1 Name Change, 10 Devices and 7 Badges. There are a total of 25 items submitted on this letter.