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East ILoI dated 2014-12-28

The great Pennsic deluge is finally finished! This letter contains submissions received between Pennsic and December 24, 2014. The remainder of December's submissions plus any submissions received in January will appear on February's letter.

Commentary closes on January 31, 2014 at midnight.

Thank you, as always, for your commentary and insights.

Alys Blue Tyger

1: Alys du Bois -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Spelling (of Alys) most important.

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe

Alys is an English female given name found in "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyAG.html) s.n. Alice, with the submitter spelling dated to 1525.

du Bois -- R&W s.n. Dubois lists John du Boys dated to 1279. In Middle and Early Modern English i and y were used interchangeably.

The submitter permits all changes to the spelling of the surname necessary to make the name registerable.


2: Basil Tagaris -New Name & New Device

Vert, an increscent moon and a bordure Or semy of human eyes purpure

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

Basil is a masculine given name in Bardas Xiphias "Personal Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine Era" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/byzantine/masc_given_names.html), date not further specified.

Tagaris is a family name dated to the 14th century in Bardas Xiphias "Personal Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine Era" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/byzantine/family_names.html)


3: Calvius Nero -New Name & New Device

Vert, on a bend Or between two tygers rampant argent a shovel sable.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Calvius is a Roman nomen found in "A Simple Guide to Imperial Roman Names" by Ursula Georges (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/roman.html#nomen)

Nero is a cognomen found in pp. 80-81 of "A Study of the Cognomina of the Soldiers in the Roman Legions" by Lindley Richard Dean (http://books.google.com/books?id=MF0KAAAAIAAJ). Dean notes that the cognomen Nero was used not only by the Emperor but also by ordinary men in the Roman legions.


4: Calvius Nero -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Argent, two cabbages vert and a shovel sable.

The submitter's name and device appear elsewhere on this letter.


5: Cassandra Blondel de Seint Alban -New Name & New Device

Azure, a cross of Lorraine argent and on a chief Or three dragonflies vert.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Norman English 12-13th cen.) most important.
Culture (Norman English 12-13th cen.) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Cassandra is an English female given name found in "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyAG.html) s.n. Cassandra dated to 1182-1211, 1208, 1275, 1283 and 1302-03.

Blondel is a surname found in R&W s.n. Blondel, with the submitted spelling dated to 1297.

de Seint Alban -- Watts s.n. St Albans dates "la ville de Seint Alban" to 1307.

The pattern [given name] + [byname] + [locative] is found in Middle English per Appendix A of SENA.


6: Caterina di Luca -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (Italian, Florence specifically if possible) most important.
Culture (Italian, Florence specifically if possible) most important.

Consulting herald: Matilda Wynter

Caterina is a female Italian given name appearing in "Names in 15th Century Florence and her Dominions: the Condado," by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/womensalpha.html)

Luca is a male given name found in the same article (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/mensalpha.html). di Luca is the standrd form for a patronymic byname in Italian per Appendix A of SENA.


7: Chelsey of Gloucester -New Name & New Device

Quarterly purpure and vert, an escallop inverted Or

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Spelling (as submitted) most important.

Consulting heralds: Alys and Yehuda

Chelsey is a late 16th century English surname found in the Family Search Historical Records:

Ellin Chelsey; Female; Christening; 21 Dec 1589; SAINT MARY, GUILDFORD, SURREY, ENGLAND; Batch: C07408-2 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NPYR-CY5)
Abora Chelsey; Female; Christening; 17 Aug 1578; SAINT BOTOLPH BISHOPSGATE, LONDON, LONDON, ENGLAND; Batch: P00161-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V5LP-FDB)

Such surnames can be used as given names by precedent. [Alton of Grimfells, 4/2010 LoAR, A-East].

of Gloucester is the Lingua Anglica form of a surname based on a period place name. Watts s.n. Gloucester gives multiple dated spellings including Gloucestr(e)' from 1086 and Glow-, Gloucetur, -er c. 1165-1416.


8: Conall an Doire -New Household Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2011, via the East

House of the Thirteen Oaks

Argent, five oak leaves in cross vert within a bordure vert semy of crescents argent

Submitter has no desire as to gender.
Meaning (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

This household name follows the pattern of inn sign names in the form "Number + Other Item" found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "English Sign Names" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/inn/). An example of this pattern is the inn sign Sevenstar (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/inn/#NumberOther), which appears in period documents as:

Sevensterre 1355

Seuesterrys 1379

Sevesterre 1384

Thirteen is found in the Middle English Dictionary s.v. thritene with the submitted spelling dated to 1455.

Oaks -- assistance is requested dating this spelling to period.


9: Concordia of the Snows, Barony of -New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 1992, via the East

Order of the Feather

(Fieldless) A feather bendwise sinister argent

Meaning (Order of the Feather) most important.

Consulting herald: Muirenn ingen Dunadaig

This Order name follows the pattern of naming Orders after heraldic charges set forth in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/).

Order is one of the designators for Order names found in Appendix E.

A feather is a heraldic charge. The Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry (http://mistholme.com/dictionary/feather/) gives the example of the feathers found on the "shield for peace" of Edward the Black Prince, c.1350. Feather is the Lingua Anglica term for the charge.

If necessary to clear any conflicts, the Barony consents to add of Concordia of the Snows to this Order name.


10: Concordia of the Snows, Barony of -New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 1992, via the East

Order of the Ram's Horn

(Fieldless) A ram's horn argent

Submitter has no desire as to gender.
Meaning (Order of the Ram's Horn) most important.

Consulting herald: Muirenn ingen Dunadaig

This Order name follows the pattern of naming Orders after heraldic charges set forth in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/).

Order is one of the designators for Order names found in Appendix E.

A ram's horn is a heraldic charge. The Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry (http://mistholme.com/dictionary/horn-animals/) states "Ram's horns are found in German armory as early as c.1340, in the arms of Frowenvelt or Frauenfeld [Zurich 136]. They could be depicted singly, or in pairs. . ." Order of the Ram's Horn uses the Lingua Anglica name for the charge.

If necessary to clear any conflicts, the Barony consents to add of Concordia of the Snows to this Order name.

The badge uses the image of a period ram's horn charge taken from the online Pic Dic.


11: Concordia of the Snows, Barony of -New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 1992, via the East

Order of the Spoon

(Fieldless) A wooden spoon bendwise sinister proper

Meaning (Order of the Spoon) most important.

Consulting herald: Muirenn ingen Dunadaig

This Order name follows the pattern of naming Orders after heraldic charges set forth in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/).

Order is one of the designators for Order names found in Appendix E.

A spoon is a heraldic charge. The Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry (http://mistholme.com/dictionary/spoon-ladle/) states that a spoon is found as a charge "in the canting arms of Sponeley, 15th C. [Neubecker 136], as well as the arms of Korkwitz, 1605 [Siebmacher 72]." The spelling spoon is dated to 1395 in the Middle English Dictionary s.v. spon.

If necessary to clear any conflicts, the Barony consents to add of Concordia of the Snows to this Order name.


12: Concordia of the Snows, Barony of -New Badge Association

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 1992, via the East

Order of the White Hare

The Barony wishes this Order name, registered to the Barony in May 2003 via the East, to be associated with the badge (Fieldless) A hare courant to sinister per pale azure and argent, which was registered to the Barony in May 2002 via the East. A signed letter from the Baron and Baroness requesting this association was provided.


13: Daithi Dubh -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2012, via the East

Vert, a dragon rampant between three mullets voided and interlaced within and conjoined to annulets argent


14: Dionise O Towie -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning ('last name is ancestral, first name is a version of my legal name') most important.

Dionise is a female given name found in "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html).

O Towie is an italicized 16th cen. Anglicized Irish byname found in Woulfe p. 655 s.n. Ó Tuaithaigh.


15: Duncan Kerr -New Augmentation of Arms

OSCAR NOTE: The name has been registered more than once!

Azure, on a bend argent three crosses couped palewise azure, and as an augmentation, on a canton per bend sinister Or and argent, a dragon's head couped azure

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Laurel has registered the name Duncan Kerr twice: once in Jan. 2000 via Caid, and once in Aug. 2000 via the East. This armory belongs to the Easterner. Per the Admin Handbook, errors which derive from ommissions or errors on a Letter of Intent "should be included on a Letter of Intent for the consideration of the College of Arms" (VI.B), so this is being placed here.

The device Azure, on a bend argent three crosses couped palewise azure, was registered to the Eastern Duncan Kerr in February 2014 via the East. Duncan was granted an Augmentation of Arms by Brion II and Anna II on Sept. 30, 2006.

Duncan has permission for his augmentation to conflict with the badge of Michael of Casteles Kepe (March 1997, East): (Fieldless) A dragon's head erased azure. Permission was obtained electronically. Michael is personally known to Blue Tyger and she confirmed that the permission was from him.


16: Edana neyn Alan MacKinnon -New Name & New Device

Sable, a bend sinister checky argent and vert between two leopards rampant Or

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (daughter of Alan) most important.
Spelling (Edana) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Edana is an English female given name dated to 1593 and 1640 in "Something Rich and Strange: "Undocumentable" Names From The IGI Parish Records" by Alys Mackyntoich (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/SomethingRichandStrange.html)

neyn is a patronymic marker used in Scots female names, as shown in "Scots Language Names of Gaels in the Sixteenth Century" by Sharon Krossa (http://medievalscotland.org/names/scotsofgaels.shtml). This article also supports the naming pattern <given name> neyn <father's given name> <father's byname> in late-period Scots.

Alan is a 16th century Scottish male given name found in the Family Search Historical Records:

Alan Kerstairis; Male; Marriage; 02 May 1594; South Leith, Midlothian, Scotland; Batch: M19503-9 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XY9Y-L8D)
Alan Wood; Male; Marriage; 18 Apr 1594; South Leith, Midlothian, Scotland; Batch: M19503-9 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XY9Y-L8X)

MacKinnon is an undated header in Black, s.n. MacKinnon. Dated spellings include Makkynnon (1536). In addition, the July 2012 LoAR states "Louisa Mackinnon was buried in 1618 in Scotland. There are examples of Scots bynames with varied capitalization: bynames starting with Mac appear with the following element either lowercase or with an initial capital. Therefore, this is evidence for MacKinnon as well as Mackinnon." [Briana MacKinnon, 7/2012 LoAR, A-East].


17: Eithne inghean Mael Duin -New Name & New Device

Or, on a bend sinister vert between two thistles proper three trefoils slipped Or

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for 9th-10th cen. Irish.
Language (Irish Gaelic) most important.
Culture (Irish Gaelic) most important.

Consulting herald: Cassandra Hobbes (name) and Pagan Graeme (device)

Eithne is an Old and Middle Irish Gaelic female name found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Eithne.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 916, 917, 918, 948, 951, 953.

Máel Dúin is an Old and Middle Irish Gaelic male name also found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/MaelDuin.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 805, 809, 810, 812, 813, 814, 817, 824, 826, 836, 837, 841, 844, 846, 865, 867, 882, 885.

Submitted as Eithne inghean Máel Dúin, the name will need to be changed to Eithne ingen Máel Dúin. inghean is appropriate only for post-1200 Gaelic, and cannot be combined in the same name phrase with the pre-1200 Máel Dúin under SENA PN.1.B.1. Fortunately the submitter permits all changes.

Mari's "Index" does not give the genitive form of Máel Dúin, which is required when it is used as a patronymic. It is possible that the same form is used for both the nominative and the genitive. Assistance in determining the correct genitive form is requested.


18: Eleanor FitzPatrick -New Augmentation of Arms

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 1995, via the East

Per pale gules and Or, a cross quadrate couped counterchanged, and as an augmentation on a lozenge per bend sinister Or and argent, a dragon's head couped azure

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

The device Per pale gules and Or, a cross quadrate couped counterchanged, was registered to the submitter in January 1998, via the East. Eleanor was granted an Augmentation of Arms by Brion II and Anna II on Sept. 30, 2006.

Eleanor has permission for her augmentation to conflict with the badge of Michael of Casteles Kepe (March 1997, East): (Fieldless) A dragon's head erased azure. Permission was obtained electronically. Michael is personally known to Blue Tyger and she confirmed that the permission was from him.


19: Elizabeth Elenore Lovell -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1996, via the East

Sable, a bee proper charged with a goutte de sang, in chief a coronet Or

This is a resubmission of (Fieldless) A bee crowned with a pearled coronet Or and charged with a goutte de sang, which was pended by Blue Tyger on the January 2014 LoD for redrawing and then withdrawn by the submitter.

The submitter was made a Baroness of the Court of the East on March 28, 2009, and is entitled to bear a coronet on her armory.


20: Genevieve Velleman -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (equivalent of 'Jennifer,' and her father's surname) most important.

Consulting herald: Violet Hughes

Genevieve is a female given name found in "Late Period French Feminine Names" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/latefrench.html) dated to 1477, 1478, 1498, 1501, 1524, 1537 (2), 1552, 1553, 1564, 1585, 1586, 1588, 1608 and 1619.

Velleman is a surname found in the Family Search Historical Records:

Hans Velleman; Male; Marriage; 14 Jun 1616; Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands; Batch: M90102-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FN4B-W65)

French and Dutch can be combined under Appendix C of SENA.


21: Jacobus Jager Dracke -New Name Change From Holding Name

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in May of 2015, via the East.

Old Item: Jacobus of Carolingia, to be released.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (Jacobus Hunter Dragon) most important.

Consulting herald: Þórý Veðardóttir

The submitter's prior name, Jacobus Jager Draak was returned on the July 2006 LoAR with the following explanation:

This name uses two descriptive bynames in a Dutch name. There is evidence for double bynames in Dutch, but no documentation was submitted and none found to suggest that this culture ever used two bynames of the same type in one name. Barring documentation for this practice in Dutch, Dutch names using two descriptive bynames are not registerable. We would drop the second byname and register this as Jacobus Jager, but the submitter will not accept major changes.

The submitter requested a name authentic for mid-15th C Dutch. The names Jacob de Jaeghere and Jacob Drake would both be authentic for that time and place. Both Jacob and Drake appear in Aryanwhy merch Catmael and Kymma Godric, "Names from Antwerp, 1443-1561" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/dutch/plaiser.html). Likewise, Jacob and de Jaeghere are both found in Loveday Toddekyn, "Flemish Names from Bruges, 1400-1600" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/docs/bruges/).

His armory was registered under the holding name Jacobus of Carolingia.

All elements are found in the Family Search Historical Records for Germany:

Jacobus Aubelin; Male; Christening; 25 Jul 1579; EVANGELISCH, OBERBOEBINGEN, JAGSTKREIS, WUERTTEMBERG; Batch: C92298-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NCXJ-4FZ)
Barbara Jager; Female; Marriage; 23 Jan 1581; Ulm, Württemberg, Germany; Batch: M91503-4 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NZKZ-54T)
Apolonia Dracke; Female; Marriage; 17 Aug 1607; Heilbronn, Württemberg, Germany; Batch: M94701-4 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NDF7-N8K)

Precedent says double surnames can be found in German without specifying the type of surnames. See, e.g., Hanse Drachen Sohn, 2/2014 LoAR, A-Aethelmearc; Ostwald Konrad Riese Tod, 9/2010 LoAR, A-Calontir


22: Kalonymos ben Tamar -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Both name elements are found in "Names from Hebrew Chronicles of the 10th to 13th Centuries" by Julie Stampnitzky (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juetta/crusades.html).

Kalonymos is a male given name dated to 1096 in Germany.

Tamar is a male given name dated to 1096 in Germany.

Appendix A states that patronymic bynames in Hebrew are formed using ben B to indicate "son of B."


23: Katherine Meade -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1992, via the East

(Fieldless) An elephant rampant ermine bearing on its back a howdah gules

Consulting herald: Mithgiladan

The submitter's badge (Fieldless) An elephant rampant argent maintaining on its back a howdah gules between and conjoined to four torteaux in cross was returned on the November 2013 LoAR with the following explanation:

The roundels here, which are not exactly "in cross", are not large enough to be considered sustained secondary charges; being less than half the visual weight of the elephant, they are considered maintained charges. This badge is therefore returned for conflict with the device of Simona dell'Amore, Sable, an elephant rampant argent. As the previous return explained, "The motif of an elephant with a castle or tower upon its back is period, but we grant no difference between a howdah and a castle or tower, and as an elephant with such on its back was used interchangeably with an elephant unburdened, we do not grant difference for the existence (or lack thereof).". There is a DC for fieldlessness, but nothing for the maintained charges.

This redesign has eliminated the roundels and changed the tincture of the elephant to ermine in an effort to clear the conflict with Simona's device.


24: Kristin Álarsdóttir -New Name & New Device

Quarterly sable and Or, four domestic cats sejant affronty counterchanged

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for unspecified.
Language (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.

Consulting Herald: Conall an Doire

Kristin -- Kristín is a female given name found in Geirr Bassi, The Old Norse Name at p. 13.

Álarr is a male given name found in Geirr Bassi at p. 8. The byname Álarsdóttir was created according to the rules set out in Geirr Bassi for forming patronymics.

Accents can be omitted from Old Norse names, but they must be omitted consistently throughout. [Sadb Hálsdóttir, 5/2012 LoAR, A-An Tir]. The submitter here has omitted the accent from the given name, but retained the accents in the byname. Blue Tyger is likely to add the accent back into the given name to maintain consistency unless the submitter prefers otherwise.


25: Muirenn Bán -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2014, via the East

Argent, a magpie proper maintaining an oak leaf vert, on a chief azure three crescents argent

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

Muirenn's original device, Per pall inverted azure, sable and argent, two triskeles argent and one triskele azure, was returned on the May 6, 2014 Eastern Letter of Decision for conflict with the armory of Eleonora Pragensis (Feb. 2014, A-Atlantia): Per pall vert, Or, and argent, three triskeles argent, purpure, and azure.

This is a complete redesign.


26: René de la Rue -New Name & New Device

Sable, two rapiers crossed in saltire argent surmounted by a lion's head couped Or btween three fleurs de lys argent

Submitter has no desire as to gender.

Consulting herald: Grímolfr Skúlason

René is a male given name found in "Names Found in Commercial Documents from Bordeaux, 1470-1520" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/bordeaux.html)

de la Rue is a surname found in "French Names from Paris, 1421, 1423, & 1438" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423surnames.html) dated to 1421.


27: Sáerlaith ingen Taithlig -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2012, via the East

Sable semy of flames argent, a phoenix Or rising from flames gules

Consulting herald: Theodora Bryennissa


28: Sláine an Doire -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.
Meaning (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

Sláine is an Early Modern Gaelic female given name found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Slaine.shtml) with Annals dates of 1259, 1336, 1339, 1340, 1343, 1481, 1498, 1569, 1578.

an Doire is an Early Modern Irish descriptive byname meaning "[of] the Oak-grove/Oak-wood," also found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/anDoire.shtml) with Annals dates of 1249, 1487, 1578, 1588.


29: Sorcha inghean Duinn -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (post-1200 Gaelic) most important.
Spelling (Sorcha) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Sorcha is an Early Modern Irish female name found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Sorcha.shtml) with Annals dates of 1480, 1500, 1530.

inghean is the patronymic marker for post-1200 Gaelic female names.

Duinn is the genitive form of the Early Modern Irish male name Donn, which is found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Donn.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1263, 1302, 1488. Because Duinn begins with a 'D', it does not lenite after 'inghean' and no spelling change is required.


30: Sybill Teller -New Name

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe

Sybill is a English female given name found in Withycombe s.n. Sybil with the submitted spelling dated to 1455-1533.

Teller is an English surname found in R&W s.n. Teller with the submitted spelling dated to 1323.


31: Þórormr Barnakarl -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Language ('I want a Viking name that incorporated the word for dragon') most important.
Culture ('I want a Viking name that incorporated the word for dragon') most important.
Meaning ('I want a Viking name that incorporated the word for dragon') most important.

Consulting herald: none listed

Þórormr is an Old Norse male given name found in Geirr Bassi, The Old Norse Name at p. 16.

Barnakarl -- the descriptive byname barnakarl, glossed as "friend to children," is found in "Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/vikbynames.html). The April 2012 Cover Letter permits Old Norse descriptive bynames to be registered in either capitalized or uncapitalized forms.


32: Umm Hamza bint Rashid ibn Da'ud al-Harraniyya -New Name & New Device

Umm Hamza bint Rashid ibn Da'ud al-Harraniyya

Sable, on a hand of Fatima Or a mullet of six points voided and interlaced gules, a base lozengy Or and gules

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (Arabic) most important.
Culture (Arabic) most important.

Consulting herald: Eleazar ha-Levi

Umm Hamza is a kunya or honorific meaning "mother of Hamza", as explained in "Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices" by Da'ud ibn Auda (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/arabic-naming2.htm). A kunya is formed by adding a prefix to an ism or given name.

Hamzah is male given name also found in Da'ud's article. Assistance in documenting the submitted spelling is requested.

bint is the Arabic patronymic marker meaning "daughter" as set forth in Da'ud's article.

Rashid is a male given name found in Da'ud's article.

ibn is the Arabic patronymic marker meaning "son" as set forth in Da'ud's article.

Da'ud is a male given name found in Da'ud's article.

al-Harraniyya is the feminine form of the descriptive byname al-Harrani found under "Masculine Cognomens" in Da'ud's article. The byname means "of Harran."



OSCAR counts 18 Names, 1 Name Change, 1 Household Name, 3 Order Names, 12 Devices, 7 Badges, 2 Augmentation of Armss and 1 Badge Association. There are a total of 45 items submitted on this letter.