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East Kingdom ILoI dated 2014-08-29

Unto the heralds of the East Kingdom and the Knowne Worlde, Alys Blue Tyger sends you greetings and every good thing.

This letter contains the first batch of Pennsic submissions plus a few submissions from people who sent items to PO Box with postmarks before Pennsic. Given the number of submissions we received from Pennsic, I am unlikely to be able to put anything received after Pennsic on an internal letter until December at the earliest.

Commentary closes on this letter on October 1, 2014.

Particularly with a letter this large, any commentary helps. Even doing as "little" as confirming the naming pattern in Appendix A or the language mix via Appendix C is extremely helpful.

1: Abel atte Watere -New Name & New Device

Argent, a gurges azure and overall a sheaf of arrows vert

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

Consulting herald: Richildis von Gerresheim

Abel is a given name dated to 1221 in Reaney & Wilson s.n. Abel

atte Watere is dated to 1296 in Reaney & Wilson s.n. Water.


2: Ailionora inghean Ronain -New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2003, via the East

Julienne Bonenfant

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Julienne is a female given name found in "Names from Lallaing: 1384-1600" by Domhnall na Moicheirghe (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/lallaing/lallaing_names_feminine_given.html) dated to 1585.

Bonenfant is a surname found in "Names from Artois, 1601" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/1601sur.html).


3: Aine Oliphant -New Blanket Permission to Conflict

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2010, via the East

I, [legal name], known in the SCA as Aine Oliphant, waive the full protection of my registered name. I grant permission to any future submitter to registered [sic] a name/armory that is not identical to my registered name/armory. I understand that this permission can be withdrawn by written notice to the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, but that conflicting items registered while it is in force will remain registered.

[signed with legal name] dated dated 7/31/2014


4: Aine Oliphant -New Blanket Permission to Conflict

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2010, via the East

Gules semy of roses Or, a unicorn's head couped argent, armed Or

I, [legal name], known in the SCA as Aine Oliphant, waive the full protection of my registered armory, blazoned Gules semy of roses Or, a unicorn's head couped argent, armed Or. I grant permission to any future submitter to registered [sic] a name/armory that is not identical to my registered name/armory. I understand that this permission can be withdrawn by written notice to the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, but that conflicting items registered while it is in force will remain registered.

[signed with legal name] dated dated 7/31/2014


5: Anastasia da Monte -New Household Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2011, via the East

Handsome Boys

No changes.

The name is intended to re-create a "gang" name of the late 16th century in England. Don Donovan Shinnock did a significant amount of research into the names given to such groups.

Most of his data is drawn from "The Damned Crew"
Author(s): S. E. Sprott
Source: PMLA, Vol. 84, No. 3 (May, 1969), pp. 492-500
Published by: Modern Language Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1261137

In that article, he found several groups referred to by group names:

Damned Crew: 492. Crew was applied to any group with a captain or leader. Not necessarily pejorative, but it could be made so with the application of an adjective. Using "damned crew" or "cursed crew" was was a general term of disdain, but around 1600, the term was appropriated by one specific group of roisterers in London. "The earliest clear reference to such a named group appears to be in a sermon preached by Stephen Gosson at St. Paul's Cross on 7 May 1598…" Additionally, "there is no reason to doubt the plain statement of fact that a group acknowledged the title "Damned Crew" in London a few years before the sermon."

Cursed Crew (or `crue'): 492. Nicholas Breton writes in 1626, "The Minstrels beginne to goe towards the Tauerns, and the Cursed Crue visit the vyle places." Sprott suggests that the group would be specifically recognized.

Gallant Crew: 493. "In 1598 Thomas Bastard perhaps alluded to the Damned Crew under the title "the gallant crew."" This may also have been referenced in the play The Death of Robert, Earle of Huntington.

Roaring Boys: 494. "The English Crew [as opposed to the Damned Crew in Amsterdam] was sometimes referred to in connection with swaggerers or the Roaring Boys… Around 1620 Samuel Rowlands was typical in considering the Roaring Boys as reprobates who were children of their father the devil and of the cursed crew of fiends…"

Ragged Regiment: 495. Thomas Dekker, in The Belman of London, differentiates this group from the Damned Crew, naming them distinctly and not connecting them. "This is a Crew that is not the Damned Crew (for they walke in Sattin) but this is the Ragged Regiment: Villaines they are by birth, Varlets by education, Knaues by profession, Beggars by the statute, & Rogues by Act of Parliament."

Dammee Boys: 496. Sprott seems to be referencing Edward Peynton's The Divine Catastrophe of the … House of Stuarts from 1652 with this.

From these examples, there appears to be a pattern of group names for "crews" or "gangs" based on an adjective (usually unflattering) plus a designator such as Crewe or Boys.

The On-Line Etymology Dictionary dates the term handsome as follows:

c.1400, handsom "easy to handle, ready at hand," from hand (n.) + -some (1). Sense extended to "fair size, considerable" (1570s), then "having fine form, good-looking" (1580s).

(http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=handsome&allowed_in_frame=0)

Based on the examples given, Handsome Boys is a reasonable name for a group of people.


6: Anne Devyn -New Name & New Device

Per bend azure and vert, on a swan rousant wings addorsed argent a quatrefoil slipped vert.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

Anne is a female given name found in "Names in Chesham, 1538-1600/1" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Chesham/feminine.shtml) dated to 1538.

Devin is a surname found in the same article (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Chesham/surnames-2.shtml) dated to 1597. This dated spelling supports Devyn as i and y were used interchangeably in late period English.


7: Arielle de La Champagne -New Name & New Device

Azure, on a pale argent a lion rampant azure, a chief potenty Or

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Arielle is the submitter's legal given name, as evidenced by her Delaware state driver's license, witnessed by Juliana Siren and Alys Blue Tyger

de La Champagne is a French locative byname found in "DRAFT: Bynames in Medieval France (Jan. 23, 2014) by Aryanhwy mercy Catmael (www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/frenchbynames.pdf) s.n. Champaigne, dated to 16th cen. Rouen. Her SCA name differs by two syllables from her full legal name.


8: Bergental, Barony of -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2011, via the East

(Fieldless) A black bear's head erased contourny sable

This submission is to be associated with Order of the Sable Bear of Bergental

Correction to Badge (2014-Sep-10 19:09:31): VCG: No style problems found. It is not necessary to specify the bear as "black".


9: Bergental, Barony of -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2011, via the East

(Fieldless) A mazer bendwise sinister Or streaming water azure

This submission is to be associated with Order of the Cup of Saint Brigid

Please discuss a possible conflict with Shereen al-Maghrebiyya (Sept. 2002, Caid): Sable chausse, a goblet bendwise sinister Or.


10: Bergental, Barony of -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2011, via the East

(Fieldless) An hourglass per fess Or and sable

This submission is to be associated with Order of the Hour-glass of Bergental


11: Bergental, Barony of -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2011, via the East

Sable, a bee skep between in bend two bees fesswise contourny Or


12: Cacht Mhór inghean Mhic an Mhadaidh -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2013, via the East

Per bend sinister purpure and vert, a bend sinister Or,between a unicorn's head erased argent and 3 mullets Or


13: Cacht Mhór inghean Mhic an Mhadaidh -New Household Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2013, via the East

Maison d'Oriflamme

Gules, a joscelyn Or and a bordure compony gules and Or

Spelling (see summary for spelling notes) most important.

Juliana de Luna's unpublished Reims data include "Banniere de France" (flag of France) and "Escu de France" (shield of France) as inn-sign names.

The submitter contends that that the Oriflamme is a similar kind of object, which could have been depicted on a sign. Saint's images are also found in French sign names.

Dated spellings include oriflambe (1475), oryflame (1489), aurisflambe (1494), oryflambe(1523), oreflame or auriflames (1611). The submitter would prefer Oriflamme, but will settle for the dated Oryflame.

The submitter contends that the ruling returning Oriflamme Pursuivant is inapplicable, because heraldic titles and household names are based on different patterns. On the November 2013 LoAR, Oriflamme Pursuivant was returned for the following reason:

Caid, Kingdom of. Heraldic title Oriflamme Pursuivant.

While the Letter of Intent makes it clear that the Oriflamme is the period battle standard of the French army, it does not make the case that oriflamme follows a period pattern for creating a heraldic title. Thus, this item cannot be registered.

The only example of the creation of a knightly order from a similar object (the Dannebrog) is well after the end of the gray period. As such, the submitter has not made the case that the French Oriflamme is a suitable model for an order or a heraldic title.

Post-period, oriflamme becomes a generic name for a type of flag. This meaning could be the basis of an order name and heraldic title, but commenters could not find evidence that this meaning of the word is period.


14: Caoilfhionn inghean Lochlainn -New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name on the Atlantia LoI of November 30, 2013 as submitted.

Purpure, an owl argent and a dexter gore ermine.

Old Item: Per chevron azure and vert, two owls affronty and a harp argent, to be released.

The submitter's name was registered on the February 2014 LoAR.

There is an SFPP for the use of a gore with another charge.


15: Caoilfhionn inghean Lochlainn -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the Atlantia LoI of November 30, 2013 as submitted.

(Fieldless) Two foxes combattant proper sustaining between them a sun Or

The submitter's name was registered on the February 2014 LoAR.


16: Cedric Campbell -New Name & New Device

Azure, an egg argent, overall a pall erminois

No major changes.
Sound (Given name sounds like Sed-ric) most important.

Cedric is a male give name found in the Family Search Historical Records:

Cedric Holle; Male; Christening; 27 May 1613; Saint Andrew, Plymouth, Devon, England; Batch: P00183-1 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/N53N-G29)
Cedric Jorye; Male; Christening; 05 Apr 1626; Saint Andrew, Plymouth, Devon, England; Batch: P00183-1 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/J36X-79K)

Campbell is a Scots surname found in Black s.n. Campbell dated to 1390 and 1445.

Scots and English are part of the same language group under Appendix C of SENA.

Egg documented from Siebmacher, page 95, plate 75, Die Iaworsker.


17: Christiana Crane -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2013, via the East

Sable, a martlet and a bordure argent

This submission is to be associated with Fulton House

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

The original badge, (Fieldless) A martlet sable, was returned on the August 2013 East Kingdom letter of decision due to multiple conflicts.

This is largely a redesign.


18: Clarice della Luna -New Name & New Device

Azure, a hound statant guardant Or and in chief three decrescents argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound (Cla-reece) most important.

Clarice is a female given name found in "An Index to the Give Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" by Colm Dubh (heraldry.sca.org/names/paris.html)

della Luna is a family name appearing in the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto/family_names.html). It appears in the data as DELLALUNA, but by precedent is it rendered as della Luna. [Serena Alessandra della Luna, 10/2003 LoAR, A-An Tir]

French and Italian can be combined under Appendix C of SENA.


19: Colin MacKenzie -New Name & New Device

Per bend azure and vert, a flame proper and an engineer's compass argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

Colin is a male given name found s.n. Nicholas dated to 1470 and 1507 in "Index of Scots Names Found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/nicholas.html)

MacKenzie - Black, p. 525-526, s.n. MacKenzie, says that a "Johannes McKenzie, apprentice of Apilcrocem, had a charter of the lands of Kildin with the mill in 1606." This is a scribal abbreviation of MacKenzie.


20: Conall Ó Suibhne -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: 'Old Item' should contain the former primary name. The form that is there is not a registered name.

Old Item: Conall mac Taichlich, to be released.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

Conall is a Gaelic male name; it is grandfathered to the submitter. It is also dated to many times, including 1431, 1493, 1523, 1554, 1556, 1557, 1579, 1585, 1598, 1599 in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Conall.shtml).

Ó Suibhne is a Gaelic header form in Irish Names & Surnames Woulfe at p. 648. Under this header are two 16th/17th cen. Anglicized Irish forms: O Swenie and OSwynie. The presence of 16th/17th cen. Anglicized forms is enough to give the submitter the benefit of the doubt that the Gaelic header form continued in use during the same time period.


21: Dougall Cameron -New Name & New Device

Or, a slow match azure and in chief five gunstones

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Spelling (of given name, as submitted) most important.

Dougall is a male Scots given name found in the Records of the Parliaments of Scotland database in a Scots-language parliamentary record dated to June 1483 (http://www.rps.ac.uk/mss/1483/6/27).

Cameron is a Scots surname found in Black s.n. Cameron with the submitted spelling dated to 1470 and 1532.


22: Eris Kerr -New Name & New Device

Per pale vert and sable, a griphin segreant erminois within a bordure Or.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Spelling (Kerr) most important.

Eris is a 16th century English surname, which is usable as a given name by precedent. It is found in the Family Search Historical Records:

Christyn Eris; Female; Marriage; 03 May 1591; Totnes, Devon, England; Batch: M05175-1 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/N24Y-X83)

Kerr is a Scots surname found s.n. Ker in Black, Surnames of Scotland. The submitted spelling is dated to 1357. Kerr is also found later in period in the Family Search Historical Records for Scotland:

Bisse Kerr; Female; Marriage; 14 May 1587; Saint Nicholas, Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland; Batch: M11168-2 (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XTJK-LY7)

English and Scots are part of the same language group under Appendix C of SENA.


23: Etheldreda Ivelchyld -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in January of 2015, via the East.

Old Item: Anthea Maecenas, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Spelling (keep Ivel) most important.

Etheldreda is found s.n. Audrey dated to 1290, 1304, 1328, 1348 and 1381 in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyAG.html).

Ivelchyld is an interpolated form; Reaney & Wilson s.n. Evilchild, date Thomas Ivelchild to 1203 and Richard Euelchyld to 1327. This combines elements from both.


24: Fiadhnait inghean Chiaragáin -New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2001, via the East

Per pale sable and azure, a tree eradicated between in base two gouttes argent

Old Item: Per chevron sable and azure, a chevron engrailed between two decrescents argent and a sun Or, to be retained as a badge.

Consulting herald: Eldrich Gaiman


25: Gæira Aggadóttir -New Name & New Device

Argent, a calamarie within a bordure gules platy

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound (unspecified) most important.
Culture (Icelandic) most important.

Consulting herald: Jeanne de Robin

Gæira is a female given name appearing on the Viking Answer Lady website (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensNames.shtml#g) with the following discussion:

The feminine form of the name element Geir-, which is identical to the Old Icelandic geirr, "spear." A short form of feminine names in GæiR-. Occurs in the runic nominative forms [kaira] and kera. Occurs in Old Danish as Gera and in OW.Norse as Geira. Found in Landnámabók.

The cites for this name are: Geirr Bassi pp. 9; Fellows-Jensen pp. 343; Cleasby & Vigfusson pp. xxxiv s.v. "Pet Names"; Cleasby & Vigfussion pp. 196 s.v. geirr, Geira; Nordiskt runnamnslexikon, s.v. GæiRa, GæiR-

Aggi is a male given name appearing on the Viking Answer Lady website (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml#a), with the following discussion:

Probably short forms of some name based on Ag-, possibly from Old West Scandinavian agi, "awe, terror". May instead be derived from *AgæiRR, "weapon point + spear" Found often in Old Danish. A few instances of agi appear in West Scandinavia, but seem to always refer to Danes. Found in the Anglo-Scandinavian names Agge (c. 1189-1260), Aggi (1202), Aghi (1202), Aki (1202).

The cite for the name is Fellows-Jensen pp. 1-2, 342 s.nn. Aggi, Agi, Ag-

Following the usual grammar for creating Old Norse patronymics, Aggi yields Aggadóttir.


26: Gæira Aggadóttir -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) A calamarie bendwise sinister argent

Consulting herald: Jeanne de Robin

The submitter's name and device appear elsewhere on this letter.


27: Giancarlo Soranzo da Venezia -New Name & New Device

Argent, on a chevron engrailed between three boar's heads couped sable a plate.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Giancarlo is a constructed Italian given name. There is a pattern of forming Italian names with the prefix Gian- before an existing Italian male name. For example, the On-line Catasto of Florence of 1427 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto/names.txt) contains:
Giannozzo
Giandonato
Giannino
Gianbonino

Carlo is a male name found 30 times in the Catasto; Giancarlo follows the pattern.

Soranzo is a surname appearing in "Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names" by Talan Gwynek and Arval Benicoeur (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/venice14sur.html#table).

da Venezia is a locative byname based on the city of Venezia, which is listed in placenames index of "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532," edited by David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, and Anthony Molho (http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/ORIGIN.html). The form "da _X_" is the standard form for a locative in Italian according to AppendixA of SENA (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/sena.html#AppendixA).

The pattern [given name] + [family name] + [locative] is found in Appendix A of SENA for Italian.


28: Giancarlo Soranzo da Venezia -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) On a boar's head couped sable a plate.

The color emblazon was missing from the Pennsic scans. The form was computer-recolored.


29: Katheryn Fontayne -New Name Change & New Badge

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in January of 2015, via the East.

Gules semy of roses, a panther rampant argent, spotted of various tinctures, insenced proper

Old Item: Kathryn Fontayne, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

Katheryn can be dated to 1570 in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names from A Dictionary of English Surnames" s.n. Katherine (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyHZ.html).

Fontayne is grandfathered to the submitter.


30: Krishtof Vasilii syn Daroslav -New Name & New Device

Or, a manticore passant contourny, on a chief sable the sun in his splendor Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (Krishtof son of Vasilii Daroslav) most important.

All elements are from Paul Wickenden's "Dictionary of Period Russian Names" (2nd ed.) (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/ )

Krishtof - header form dated as a masculine given name to 1632.

Vasilii - header form dated as a masculine given name to 12C

Daroslav - header form dated as a masculine given name to 1455.

As per Wickenden, "It was also common to add the word syn (son) to the patronymic or to the "unaltered" form of the father's given name."

If needed for registration, he will accept the byname as Vasilitsov syn Daroslavov.


31: Mærwynn in danska -New Name & New Device

Sable, a lion passant, on a bordure argent an ivy vine vert.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Spelling (see notes for given name in documentation) most important.

Mærwynn is an Anglo-Saxon feminine name dated to the 10th century in PASE, as the name of the abbess of Romsey. The submitted spelling appears in the original document. (http://www.pase.ac.uk/pdb?dosp=VIEW_RECORDS&st=PERSON_NAME&value=14330&level=1&lbl=M%C3%A6rwynn)

She would prefer Mærwen or Maerwen if it could be justified.

in danska is the feminine form of the Old Norse descriptive byname inn danski, meaning "the Dane," found on p. 20 of Geirr Bassi.

This name mixes Anglo-Saxon and Old Norse, which is allowable under Appendix C of SENA.


32: Malys MacGregor -New Name & New Device

Sable, a tree blasted within a bordure argent gouty de sang

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Spelling (MacGregor) most important.

Malys is a male given name found in "15th Century Scots Names from Dunfermline" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dunfermline/). This spelling is found s.n. Malice dated to 1440.

MacGregor is a Scots surname found in Black s.n. Denson with the submitted spelling dated to 1589.


33: Marjorie de Catesby -New Name & New Device

Vert, a peacock close to sinister, on a chief argent an estoile vert

Marjorie is found s.n. Margery dated to 1361 and 1515 in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyHZ.html)

de Catesby is found in Reaney & Wilson s.n. Catesby dated to 1316.


34: Matheus Carnifex -New Name & New Device

Or, a turtle tergiant bendwise sinister vert, the shaft of an arrow issuant from its back sable, and on a chief vert three axes bendwise sinister Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (Matt the butcher) most important.

Both name elements are found in "Index of Names in the 1292 Subsidy Roll of London" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/london1292.html).

Matheus is found as a male given name s.n. Matheu

Carnifex is found as a surname. (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/surlondon1292.html).


35: Michal Almond de Champagne -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 1993, via the East

Sable, in pale a scale above in fess a pair of dexter hands clasping argent.


36: Staeina Knittur -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) Four double-pointed knitting needles fretted purpure

Commenters are asked to consider whether this badge conflicts with the badge for the Midrealm's Order of the Purple Fret: Or, a fret purpure.


37: Sunnifa fra Bergstopt -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Sunnifa - Geirr Bassi pg.15 shows Sunnifa as a feminine given name.

Bergstopt is a constructed place name based on elements and grammar from Talan Gwynek's "Place-Names in Landnamabok" (http://my.stratos.net/~bmscott/Landnamabok_Place-Names.html), which shows multiple examples of place names formed from the genitive form of a personal name plus the element topt, meaning a toft or homestead. For example:

Auðartoptir, Dal. (temporary farm): From the feminine name Auðr, genitive Auðar, and OIc. topt 'a toft, a homestead; a place marked out for a house or building; a square plotof ground with walls but no roof', here in the plural toptir: 'Auð's tofts'.

Bǫðvarstoptir, Árn. (farm): From the masculine name Bǫðvarr, genitive Bǫðvars, and OIc. topt 'a toft, a homestead; a place marked out for a house or building; a square plot of ground with walls but no roof', here in the plural as toptir: 'Bǫðvar's tofts'.

Bergs is the genitive form of the male given name Bergr found in Geirr-Bassi at p. 8. Bergr is one of the male names noted as appearing in the Landnámabók.

Talan's article also notes that the preposition frá can be used to form a locative byname in Old Norse:

The prepositions frá and ór (or ór) are also moderately common in locative bynames, but to indicate place of origin rather than place of residence: both can generally be translated 'from' in this context. Indeed, frá is cognate with English from.

Accents may be omitted from Old Norse names as long as they are treated consistently throughout the name.


38: Svana fra Bergstopt -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for early norse.

Svana - Geirr Bassi pg.15 shows Svana as a feminine given name. It is marked as one of the names appearing in the Landnámabók.

Bergstopt is a constructed place name based on elements and grammar from Talan Gwynek's "Place-Names in Landnamabok" (http://my.stratos.net/~bmscott/Landnamabok_Place-Names.html), which shows multiple examples of place names formed from the genitive form of a personal name plus the element topt, meaning a toft or homestead. For example:

Auðartoptir, Dal. (temporary farm): From the feminine name Auðr, genitive Auðar, and OIc. topt 'a toft, a homestead; a place marked out for a house or building; a square plotof ground with walls but no roof', here in the plural toptir: 'Auð's tofts'.

Bǫðvarstoptir, Árn. (farm): From the masculine name Bǫðvarr, genitive Bǫðvars, and OIc. topt 'a toft, a homestead; a place marked out for a house or building; a square plot of ground with walls but no roof', here in the plural as toptir: 'Bǫðvar's tofts'.

Bergs is the genitive form of the male given name Bergr found in Geirr-Bassi at p. 8. Bergr is one of the male names noted as appearing in the Landnámabók.

Talan's article also notes that the preposition frá can be used to form a locative byname in Old Norse:

The prepositions frá and ór (or ór) are also moderately common in locative bynames, but to indicate place of origin rather than place of residence: both can generally be translated 'from' in this context. Indeed, frá is cognate with English from.

Accents may be omitted from Old Norse names as long as they are treated consistently throughout the name.

When Blue Tyger contacted the submitter to ask what her request for authenticity for "early norse" meant, the submitter clarified that she wants *this* name, and that elements from the the Landnámabók satisfy her desire for "early norse."


39: Timothy Nicholls -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in January of 2015, via the East.

Old Item: Timothy Nicholls of Clan McQueen, to be released.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Spelling most important.

Both remaining elements are grandfathered to the submitter and do not need to be redocumented. However, since Pennsic Herald's Point redocumented them very very nicely, I'm leaving the documentation for perusal.

Timothy is found as a masculine given names in "Names of Members of the Frobisher Voyages by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Frobisher/), with two instances dated to 1578.

Nicholls is found as a surname dated to 1578 in "Surnames of Members of the Frobisher Voyages by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Frobisher/).



OSCAR counts 17 Names, 4 Name Changes, 1 Alternate Name, 2 Household Names, 16 Devices, 2 Device Changes, 12 Badges and 2 Blanket Permissions to Conflict. There are a total of 56 items submitted on this letter.