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East ILoI dated 2014-06-02

Unto the heralds of the East and the Knowne Worlde, greetings and every good thing from Alys Blue Tyger

This letter contains completed submissions received by me prior to May 31, 2014. Commentary closes on July 2, 2014.

Heralds should remind their friends and neighbors to try to get their submissions done *before* Pennsic. Pennsic Herald's Point will dump around 150 or more submissions on the East in mid-August. Because we don't get effective commentary if I put more than 55 or so items up for review in a month, Pennsic creates a logjam that lasts until about Christmas.

(Admittedly, given the volume of submissions we've been seeing all year long, I find it difficult to believe there is anyone left in the East who doesn't have a registered name and armory.)

1: Áine an Doire -New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and azure, in pale a thistle and a crescent argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

Áine is a Middle and Early Modern Gaelic female given name found in the "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Aine.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1169, 1171, 1316, 1319, 1325, 1329, 1381, 1382, 1386, 1405, 1419, 1427, 1431, 1441 and 1468.

an Doire is an Early Modern Gaelic descriptive byname meaning "[of] the Oak-grove/Oak-wood" also found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/anDoire.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1249, 1487, 1578 and 1588.

The general rule is that female descriptive bynames need to be lenited except in specific instances. "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" by Sharon Krossa (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#descriptivebyname). This name appears to fit one of the exceptions -- the given name ends with an -e and the descriptive begins with a vowel.


2: Alana Snowe -New Name & New Device

Gyronny sable and Or, a dogwood flower and an orle azure

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (ah-la-na) most important.

Consulting herald: Charitye Dale

According to the August 2002 LoAR, Alana is a female given name found in Fenwick, Carolyn C., Poll Taxes of 1377, 1379, and 1381, Part 1: Bedfordshire-Leicestershire at p. 112 dated to 1381. Unfortunately, the book itself does not appear to be publicly available via the Internet or in any US libraries within the East Kingdom. Anyone able to find and provide a photocopy of the relevant page will earn Blue Tyger's undying gratitude.

Snowe is a byname found in "An Index to the 1332 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Lincolnshire, England" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/LincLSR/BynS2.html).


3: An Dubhaigeainn, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 1993, via the East

Order of the Silver Egg

No major changes.

Consulting herald: Alays de Brantome

This order name follows the pattern of [color] + [heraldic charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Silver -- The May 2008 Cover Letter states: "Silver in order and award names: The August 2005 cover letter says that 'orders named for heraldic charges or for items that, while not found in period as heraldic charges, may be used as heraldic charges...may contain the ordinary color names of any heraldic tincture.' This includes the use of Silver as the ordinary color name of argent." (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2008/05/08-05cl.html)

An egg is a period heraldic charge. The updated Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry (http://mistholme.com/dictionary/egg/) states:

An egg is a hard-shelled ovoid, laid by birds for the making of more birds. It is a rare but period charge, found in the arms of Jaworsky, 1605 [Siebmacher 75].

Silver Egg uses the Lingua Anglica forms for the substantive elements as permitted by NPN.1.C.2.c


4: Brick James Beech -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (Brick) most important.
Spelling (Brick) most important.

Consulting herald: Owyn Greenwood

Double given names are found "late" in English according to Appendix A of SENA.

Brick is a 16th cen. English surname found in the Family Search Historical Records for England:

Robertus Brick; Male; Marriage; 25 Nov 1583; Amcotts, Lincoln, England; Batch: M02699-3
Mary Brick; Female; Christening; 02 Oct 1599; Newport, Shropshire, England; Batch: C03474-1

Such surnames can be used as given names by precedent. [Alton of Grimfells, 4/2010 LoAR, A-East].

James is a male given name found in "Late 16th Century English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html).

Beech is an English surname found in Hitching & Hitching, References to English Surnames in 1601 and 1602 at pp. xxii and lxx.

Correction to Name (2014-Jul-01 16:07:54): If Pellycan determines that the name is offensive or obtrusively modern as submitted, the submitter will accept Brick James.


5: Cassandra Grey of Loch Leven -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2002, via the East

Quarterly vert and azure, a compass rose and a chief argent

Consulting herald: Alays de Brantome

The identical device was returned on the February 2008 LoAR for conflict with the armory of Colin Gordon, Per pale azure and gules, a compass star within and conjoined to an annulet, a chief argent. There was only a single CD under the old RfS, as no difference was granted between a compass rose and a compass star within and conjoined to an annulet.

The submitter has now obtained a letter of permission to conflict from Colin Gordon.


6: Duggmore Dunmore -Resub Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2013, via the East

Argent, an owl contourny within an orle vert

Old Item: Per fess argent and vert, three owls counterchanged, to be retained as a badge.

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe

The submitter's device change to Argent, an owl within an orle vert was returned on the January 2014 East Kingdom LoD for conflict with with Angelique de la Fontaine (May 2005, Ansteorra): Argent, an owl and a bordure vert, and with Nastasiia Feodora doch' (August 2013, Gleann Abhann): Or, an owl and an orle vert. The submitter has changed the owl to contourny to add the necessary second DC from both devices.


7: Eginhard d'Aix la Chapelle -New Name & New Device

Eginhard d'Aix la Chapelle

Per pale sable and azure, a lion Or and in chief two mullets of four points argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (9th cen. Frankish) most important.
Culture (9th cen. Frankish) most important.
Spelling (as submitted) most important.

Consulting heralds: Brunissende Dragonette and Yehuda ben Moshe

Both name elements appear in Sommaire de l'histoire des François: recueilly des plus certains aucteurs de l'ancienneté et digeré selon le vray ordre des temps en quatre livres, published in 1579.

Eginhard appears as a given name at p. 126: "Eginhard, secretaire de l'Empereur Charles." This translates as "Eginhard, secretary of the Emperor Charles." This section of the book is recounting events from the reign of Charlemagne.

Aix la Chapelle appears as a place name at p. 199: "le Prince Hugues enuoya consequemment ses ambassadeurs vers l'Empereur Othon, lequel s'estoit venu lors trouer à Aix la Chapelle." This translates as "prince Hugues then sent his ambassadors to Emperor Othon, who at that time was at Aix la Chapelle" This section of the book also recounts events from the reign of Charlemagne.

Blue Tyger contacted the submitter about what was truly more important to him -- a 9th cen. Frankish name or the submitted spelling. The submitted spelling is much more important to him.

Correction to Name (2014-Jun-11 09:06:21): Drat. Somewhere during data entry the Google Books cite for the documentation went astray. Here it is:
http://books.google.com/books/about/Sommaire_de_l_histoire_des_Fran%C3%A7ois_rec.html?id=eug3PpXCgX8 C


8: Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen -New Household Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2012, via the East

Haus zum Kitzingen

(Fieldless) On a chalice Or a blackletter letter K sable

Language (German) most important.
Spelling (Kitzingen) most important.

The spelling Haus 'house' is quoted on the Dec. 2009 LoAR (Sebastian of Grey Niche and Beatrix von Behr, A-Gleann Abhann) as dating to 1444 in Die Hausnamen und Hauszeichen im mittelalterlichen Freiburg by Karl Schmidt (1930; p. 32).

The August 2010 LoAR, quoting the August 2007 LoAR, gave examples of the pattern haus zum [place name]:

Ortnamen (Placenames): zum Hohen Asperg 1565 zum Basler 1587 zum Bondorf 1343 zum Freiberger 1374 zum Briedenweiler 1565 zumm Opfinger 1404 zum (O:)sterreich 1554 zum R{o:]mer 1403 zum Schwarzwald 1378 zum Unger 1452

Based on this evidence, the August 2010 LoAR concluded that "the more common form of the household name would be Haus zum Ulmer, with Haus zum Ulm also possible." [Andreas der Eisfalke, 8/2010 LoAR, A-East].

Kitzingen is the medieval form of the modern place name Kissingen, found in "German Place Names from a 16th cen. Czech Register" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/modernperiod.html).


9: Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2012, via the East

(Fieldless) On a chalice Or a blackletter letter E sable

This submission is to be associated with Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen

Consulting herald: Eldrich Gaiman


10: Estafania del Bosque -Resub Device

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Quarterly gules and argent, in bend two maple leaves Or, a bordure counterchanged

Consulting herald: Matilda Wynter

The submitter's first device, Quarterly gules and argent, in bend two maple leaves Or, was returned on the May 2014 East Kingdom Letter of Decision with the following explanation:

Unfortunately, this lovely device must be returned due to conflict with the device of Deirdre de Iuei (March 2008, East): Quarterly gules and argent, in bend sinister two ivy leaves vert. There is a DC for the change in tincture of the leaves, but that is the only DC. By precedent, there is no DC between ivy leaves and maple leaves [Queniva fitz Reginald, August 2010, R-Drachenwald]. SENA A5G6 says "Changes in tincture ... of a charge group can force the charges into different positions on the field. These forced changes are also not worth a distinct change." In discussing an example of the forced move rule, SENA then explains: "Even though the relative arrangements are different, the [charges] in the second design cannot be in the same arrangement as in the first design." Since the leaves in either device cannot be in the same arrangement as the leaves in the other design, because they have insufficient contrast with that part of the field, the change of position of the leaves is forced and is not worth a DC. That is to say, the leaves in Deirdre's device cannot be in bend like Estafania's and the leaves in Estafania's device cannot be in bend like Deirdre's, therefore there is no DC for their positions.

This resubmission adds a bordure to clear the conflict.


11: Étaín Brecc -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (pre-1200 Irish) most important.
Culture (pre-1200 Irish) most important.
Meaning (freckled) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys via "Ask a Herald"

Étaín is a Middle Irish feminine given name found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Etain.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1104 and 1188.

Brecc is a descriptive byname also found in Mari's "Index" meaning "[the] Speckled/Spotted" (probably meaning "unusually heavily freckled"), with Annals dates of 614, 615, 622, 642, 678, 686 (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/Brecc.shtml). The name just squeaks by with less than 500 years between the name elements.

For pre-1200 Irish, B lenites to B, so no spelling change to the descriptive byname is required.


12: Jean Louis Lecocq -New Name & New Device

Or, a cock purpure enflamed gules and on a chief purpure three crosses clechy Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (French) most important.
Culture (French) most important.

All elements are found in "Names from Artois, 1601" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/french1601.html).

Jean and Louis are both masculine given names (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/1601masc.html). Double given names are found "late" in French per Appendix A of SENA.

Lecocq is a surname (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/1601sur.html).


13: Lisa of An Dubhaigeainn -New Name & New Device

Vert, a sword fesswise proper between three apples Or

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Spelling (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Violet Hughes

Lisa is the submitter's legal given name, evidenced by a copy of her N.Y. State Driver's License.

An Dubhaigeainn is a registered branch name: An Dubhaigeainn, Shire of was registered in May of 1981 (via the East), and was updated to An Dubhaigeainn, Barony of in March of 1993 (via the East). The use of a registered branch name as a name element is permitted under SENA PN.1.B.2.f.


14: Magnus the Red -New Name & New Device

Sable, an arrow inverted Or and overall a stag at gaze argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (the red) most important.

Consulting herald: Alays de Brantome

Magnus is a male given name found in Withycombe, p. 203, which dates Magnus to the 11th century under Magnus.

the Red is the Lingua Anglica form of the attested bynames le Rede and le Red, both found in R&W s.n. Read dated to 1220 and 1332 respectively.


15: Medhbh inghean Uí Cheallaigh -New Name & New Device

Argent, a triskelion of spirals purpure and on a chief vert three towers argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Spelling (Medhbh) most important.

Consulting herald: Charitye Dale

Medhbh appears as an alternate spelling of Meadhbh in entry 274 of Cóir Anmann (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/G503002.html). Cóir Anmann is a medieval Irish treatise on personal names, with extant manuscripts from the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. Meadhbh is the standard form found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Meadhbh.shtml) with Annals dates of 1444, 1502, 1555, 1577 and 1582.

inghean Uí + [clan ancestor's name in the genitive form and lenited] is the feminine form for clan affiliation bynames in Early Modern Gaelic, per Sharon Krossa's "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#clanaffiliationbyname).

Cheallaigh is the lenited genitive form of the male given name Ceallach, also found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Cellach.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1251, 1278, 1281, 1371 and 1376.


16: Miriam Giant Killer -Resub Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.

The submitter's original name submission, Miriam ingen Rónáin meic Robeird was returned on the May 2013 East Kingdom Letter of Decision because Miriam could not be dated within 300 years of the Gaelic elements in the name. The submitter has chosen a completely new byname, based on her nickname within her local group.

Miriam is a female given name dated to 1589 in "English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/parishes.html).

Giant is a surname found in the Family Search Historical Records:

Lea Giant; Female; Marrige; 25 Jul 1605; Bocking, Essex, England; Batch: M00810-1

Killer likewise is a surname found in Family Search:

Cahriam Killer; Female; Marriage; 1623; All Saints, Dilhorne, Stafford, England; Batch: M03398-4
Margret Killer; Female; Marriage; 09 Nov 1618; Sutton-On-The Hill, Derbyshire, England; Batch: M05951-3

Double surnames are found in English per Appendix A of SENA.


17: Olivia Bakere -New Name & New Badge

(Fieldless) On a lily Or a musical note gules

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Culture (16th cen. English) most important.

Consulting herald: Alays de Brantome

Olivia is a female given name found in England in the IGI/Family Search Historical Records:

Olivia Taylor; Female; Marriage; 07 Nov 1568; Wolborough And Newton Abbot, Devon, England; Batch: M05188-1
Olivia Tailer; Female; Marriage; 08 Oct 1583; Wolfhampcote, Warwick, England; Batch: M01093-1

Bakere is a surname found in the same source:

William Bakere; Male; Christening; 24 Oct 1585; Barnstaple, Devon, England; Batch: P00574-1
Jn Bakere; Male; Marriage; 04 Feb 1584; Northill, Bedford, England; Batch: M00342-1

Correction to Name (2014-Jun-16 13:06:54): The submitter has changed her mind and asked that the last name be spelled Baker. All other preferences remain the same.

Baker is an English surname found in "Names found in Cam, Gloucestershire, Marriage Registers 1569-1600" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/cam.html) dated to 1570, 1577, and 1590.


18: Rennata of Landstuhl -New Name Change & New Device

OSCAR NOTE: 'Old Item' should contain the former primary name. The form that is there is not a registered name.

Quarterly purpure and vert, a fret couped argent and an orle of dogwood blossoms argent seeded Or

Old Item: Rennata MacDougall, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.

Consulting herald: Charitye Dale

Rennata is a female given name grandfathered to the submitter. It is also the submitter's legal given name, as evidenced by her MA state driver's license, witnessed by Charitye Diademe and Alys Blue Tyger.

Landstuhl is the modern Lingua Anglica spelling of a place in Germany. The place existed in period; it was the site of castle beseiged in 1523. Euan Cameron, The European Reformation (Oxford University Press, 2012) at p. 203 (http://books.google.com/books?id=_6a3kgsbkBIC&dq=landstuhl+sickingen&q=landstuhl#v=snippet&q=landstu hl&f=false). The submitter would prefer a period spelling of the place name, rather than using the Lingua Anglica form, if possible.


19: Sorcha Dhocair inghean Uí Ruairc -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2011, via the East

Vert, on a bend sinister between three hearts one and two Or, three frets couped palewise vert

The submitter's original device, Gyronny Or and vert, a ship sailing to sinister sable between three groups of three gouttes de poix, each one and two, was returned on the February 2001 LoAR for lack of contrast. Some of the sable gouttes were entirely on the vert section of the field.

The submitter's first resubmission, Per fess Or and vert, three frets conjoined in fess vert and a heart Or voided vert, appeared on the May 2014 Eastern ILoI but was withdrawn by the submitter during commentary after serious issues were identified with the identifiability of the conjoined frets.

This second resubmission is a complete redesign.


20: Sunnifa in hialtlenzka Tókadóttir -New Name Change & New Device

OSCAR NOTE: 'Old Item' should contain the former primary name. The form that is there is not a registered name.

Argent, a mouse sejant erect contourny sable sustaining a harp proper

Old Item: Aoife nic Ruairí, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Old Norse) most important.
Culture (Old Norse) most important.

Consulting herald: SCA Heraldry Chat via Facebook

Sunnifa is an Old Norse female given name found in Geirr Bassi's The Old Norse Name at p. 15.

in hialtlenzka is a descriptive byname intended to mean "the Shetlander," based on the descriptive byname hialtlendingr meaning "Shetlander" found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/vikbynames.html). It appears at p. 23 of Geirr Bassi as hjaltlendingr. The submitter did not include an explanation of how one byname was formed from the other, so hopefully the folks who advised her on Facebook will comment.

Tókadóttir is a patronymic byname meaning daughter of Tóki. Tóki is an Old Norse male name found in Geirr Bassi at p. 15. The patronymic is based on the rules set out for forming patronymics on p. 17 of Geirr Bassi.

The pattern [given] + [descriptive] + [patronymic] is found in Old Norse per Appendix A of SENA.


21: Þórý Veðardóttir -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of November 30, 2013 as submitted.

(Fieldless) On a Thor's hammer sable, the runes Thorn, Othila, Raido, Eoh argent

This submission is to be associated with Thory Vedardottir


22: Volu-Astriðr Tryggvadottir -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (Norse) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys via "Ask a Herald"

The submitter prefers the name without any accents, which is permissible under SENA.

Ástríðr is a female given name found in The Old Norse Name, by Geirr Bassi Haraldsson at p. 8. Blue Tyger would appreciate commentary on whether removing the accents also requires changing the ð to a 'th'.

Vǫlu- is a descriptive prefix meaning "prophetess" or "seeress" found at p. 29 in Geirr Bassi. Precedent holds that this name is not presumptive or an invalid claim to supernatural powers:

Commenters questioned whether the byname Vǫlu "seeress" was presumptuous. It is not. This byname (and the occupation it is derived from) refers to real women who did real things. As such, it is not an unmistakable claim to magical powers. It is parallel to the Norse byname sjóna, ruled registerable in August of 2008, and Gaelic bynames with similar meanings, ruled registerable in December 1997. [Vǫlu-Helena in Flamska, 10/2012 LoAR, A-Ansteorra].

The submitter prefers the spelling Volu- without the o-ogonek. The December 2010 Cover Letter permits this: "We will allow the registration of Old Norse names in simplified versions of standardized Old Norse; for example, a simplification that uses o for both o and ǫ or one that uses th for both þ and ð. Therefore spellings like Bjorn will be registerable as Old Norse spellings."

Tryggvi is a male given name found at p. 15 in Geirr Bassi. The patronymic form is Tryggvadóttir, based on p. 17 of Geirr Bassi.



OSCAR counts 12 Names, 2 Name Changes, 1 Household Name, 1 Order Name, 12 Devices, 1 Device Change and 4 Badges. There are a total of 33 items submitted on this letter.