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East ILoI dated 2014-04-27

Unto the heralds of the East and the Knowne Worlde, greetings and every good thing from Alys Blue Tyger

This letter reflects submissions received by me through April 27, 2014. Since it's already quite large, I thought I would give commenters a head start.

Commentary closes on June 1, 2014.

1: Adelina fýri -New Name & New Device

Or a dance purpure between three flames gules a chain link argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.
Meaning (either fire or juggler) most important.

Adelina is a feminine given name found in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyAG.html) s.n. Adeline with the submitted spelling dated to 1086.

The combination of pre-1100 English with Old Norse is permissible per Appendix C of SENA.

fýri is intended as a descriptive byname based on the poetic Old Norse term for "fire." See Cleasby Vigfusson s.n. fýri, n. fire, Lex. Poët.; vide fúrr. (http://lexicon.ff.cuni.cz/html/oi_cleasbyvigfusson/b0184.html). The use of a term for "fire" as a descriptive byname in Old Norse is supported by Geirr Bassi Haraldsson, The Old Norse Name p. 21, which has the nickname eldr with the same meaning.

If the College of Arms judges that fýri is an unacceptable byname, the submitter will accept (in order): (1) Adelina eldr trúðr or (2) Adelina trúðr.

trúðr is a descriptive byname found at p. 29 of Geirr Bassi, with the meaning "juggler".

In support of the alternate form Adelina eldr trúðr, precedent states that two descriptive bynames are allowed in Old Norse names when the bynames might both have been used to describe the same person. [Fiórleif eldr ǫrn, 12/2010 LoAR, A-Outlands].


2: Attila Soldus -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2013, via the East

Per bend sinister vert and argent, a cat sejant regardant contourny and a cross crosslet fitchy counterchanged

Consulting herald: Martyn de Haliwell via "Ask a Herald"


3: Bernhard Brakelmann -New Name & New Device

Or a cross between in sinister chief three lozenges fesswise and in sinister base an annulet gules

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Language (German) most important.
Culture (German) most important.

Consulting herald: Eleazar ha-Levi

Bernhard is a German male name found in "Medieval German Given Names from Silesia" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/bahlow_v.htm) dated to 1253, 1352, 1374, 1423, 1528 and 1583.

Brakelmann is found in Bahlow (Gentry transl.) at p. 54 s.n. Brackel(mann), as a byname meaning "from Brackel," with the submitted spelling dated to 1376.


4: Black Rose, March of the -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1986, via the East

(Fieldless) On a rose per pale sable and argent, two quill pens conjoined in pile counterchanged

This submission is to be associated with Shire newsletter, The Thorn

Consulting herald: Eleazar ha-Levi


5: Brigit inghean ui Dhomhnaill -New Household Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 1998, via the East

House Hammerfall

No documentation was provided with this submission.

Blue Tyger notes that the pattern House + [name] has not yet been documented in English, and no documentation for that pattern has been provided.


6: Brigit inghean ui Dhomhnaill -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 1998, via the East

Sable, a Thor's hammer argent charged on the head with a triquetra sable


7: Brunissende Dragonette -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2013, via the East

(Fieldless) A domed oven gules vented argent.


8: Carillion, Barony of -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1986, via the East

(Fieldless) A man rampant conjoined in pale with a bell sable

This submission is to be associated with Order of Sante Ruprecht

Consulting herald: Mithgiladan

The order name Order of Sante Ruprecht was registered to the Barony of Carillion in November 2012 via the East.


9: Diana Spencer of Barmore -New Name & New Device

Purpure, a bend sinister between a key palewise wards to base sinister and an escallop argent

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Diana is a female given name found in "English Given Names from 16th to Earth 17th C Marriage Records" by Aryanhqy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/parishes.html) s.n. Diana dated to 1591, 1597 and 1609.

Spenseris a byname found in "An Index to the 1523 Subsidy Roll for York and Ainsty, Enfland" by Karen Larsdatter (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/york16/bynamesalphabetically.htm)

Barmore is a locative, found in Watts s.n. Barmoor Castle, with the submitted spelling dated to 1539.

The pattern [given name] + [byname] + [locative] is found in Early Modern English per Appendix A of SENA.


10: East, Kingdom of the -New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Blue Alaunt Herald

This title is intended for one of the Deputies assisting the Blue Tyger Herald in submissions and notifications matters, along with the already-registered Blue Talbot Herald. SENA NPN 1.B.4 states that the standard heraldic designators for heraldic titles for Kingdoms are Herald and Pursuivant.

Evidence of titles named in the pattern [color] + [charge] is found in "Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" by Juliana de Luna (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/heraldic_titles_by_type.shtml#ENGLISH_CHARGES).

The spelling blue for the color is found in the Middle English Dictionary s.n. bleu dated to 1455: "(1455) Acc.St.Ewen in BGAS 15 149: A part of a blue chesyple."

An alaunt is a type of dog found in period heraldry. The electronic Pic Dic states: "There is also the "alaunt" or "alaund", a short-eared mastiff, in the arms of Woode c.1460 [RH]" (http://mistholme.com/dictionary/dog/). The spelling alaunt is also found in the MED s.n. alaunt dated to c. 1410: "(c1410) York MGame (Vsp B.12) 64: Alaunt is a maner..of houndes . . ."


11: East, Kingdom of the -New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Jongleur Herald

Spelling (Jongleur) most important.

This title is intended to be used by a Deputy to the Brigantia Herald's office.

"Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" by Juliana de Luna (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/) provides evidence of heraldic titles based on surnames in both France and England.

Jongleur is based on the surname Le Jongleur found dated to the 16th cen. s.n. Jugleur in "DRAFT: Bynames in Medieval France" (Jan. 23, 2014) by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/frenchbynames.pdf).

SENA NPN 1.B.4 states that the standard heraldic designators for heraldic titles for Kingdoms are Herald and Pursuivant. The Kingdom prefers the Lingua Anglica designator Herald, which is permitted by SENA NPN 1.B.4.


12: Ellice de Valles -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2010, via the East

Per pale azure and argent, an owl and in chief a heart counterchanged

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire


13: Eydís Þorgrímsdóttir -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (9th-10th cen. Norse) most important.
Culture (9th-10th cen. Norse) most important.

Consulting herald: Donovan Shinnock

Eydís is a female name found in Geirr Bassi, The Old Norse Name, at p. 9 as a female name.

Þorgrímsdóttir - Geirr Bassi, p. 17, lists Þorgrímr as a male given name. The patronymic formed based on p. 17 is Þorgrímsdóttir.


14: Grímólfr Skúlason -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of August 28, 2013 as submitted.

Gules, three drinking horns fretted and on a chief argent a valknut between two ravens respectant sable

This submission is to be associated with Spak-Hrafn hús

Consulting herald: Grímólfr Skúlason

The household name appears on the April 2014 ILoI for the East.

The household badge originally appeared on the April 2014 ILoI for the East, but was withdrawn by the submitter for a re-design.


15: Gunnmarr Úlfsson -Resub Device

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Argent, a wolf rampant between three valknuts sable

Consulting herald: Grímólfr Skúlason

The identical submission appeared on the April 2014 ILoI for the East but was withdrawn by the submitter in order to address drawing issues.


16: Jack de Haldane -New Name & New Device

Argent, a warhammer headed green and hafted sable, a bordure vert

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Spelling (Jack) most important.

Jack is an English male given name found in the Family Search Historical Records: Jack Griffin; Male; 13 Dec 1568; Saint Mary, Stafford, Stafford, England; Batch: P01022-1

de Haldane is a locative byname found in Black, Surnames of Scotland, p. 337, s.n. Haldane, with the submitted form dated to 1296.


17: John Fowler -New Name & New Device

Gules, a goose regardant argent and a tierce ermine

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Culture (14th cen. England) most important.
Meaning (one who raises waterfowl) most important.

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

Both name elements are found in "English Names found in Brass Enscriptions" by Julian Goodwyn (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/brasses/).

John is a male given name dated to 1277 (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/brasses/men.html).

Fowler is a surname dated to 1540 (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/brasses/lastnameAH.html#F).

There is a Step from Period Practice for the use of a tierce with other charges. [Thorvinn blóðøx, 7/2013 LoAR, A-Caid].


18: Kashiwadebe no Hikojiro -New Blanket Permission to Conflict

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Kashiwadebe no Hikojiro in January of 2009, via the Middle.

Azure, a sea-new volant argent, on a chief wavy Or three oak leaves sable

I, [legal name], known in the SCA as Kashiwadebe no Hikojirō, waive the full protection of my registered armory, Azure, a sea-new volant argent, on a chief wavy Or three oak leaves sable. I grant permission to any future submitter to register armory that is not identical to my registered armory. I understand that this permission can be withdrawn by written notice to the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, but that conflicting items registered while it is in force will remain registered.

Signed with legal name.

The submitter has a name change to Togashi Kihō in process, but retains his original name as an alternate. That name appears on the East's January 2014 xLoI.

The referenced armory was registered to the submitter in January of 2009 (via the Middle).


19: Kashiwadebe no Hikojiro -New Blanket Permission to Conflict

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2009, via the Middle

Sable, on a bezant a lozenge ployé throughout sable.

I, [legal name], known in the SCA as Kashiwadebe no Hikojirō, waive the full protection of my registered armory, Sable, on a bezant a lozenge ployé throughout sable. I grant permission to any future submitter to register armory that does not contain a lozenge ployé. I understand that this permission can be withdrawn by written notice to the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, but that conflicting items registered while it is in force will remain registered.

Signed with legal name

The submitter has a name change to Togashi Kihō in process, but retains his original name as an alternate. That name appears on the East's January 2014 xLoI.

The referenced armory was registered to the submitter in December of 2013 (via the East).


20: Kashiwadebe no Hikojiro -New Exchange of Device and Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2009, via the Middle

Azure, a sea-new volant argent, on a chief wavy Or three oak leaves sable

I wish to exchange my device, Azure, a sea-mew volant argent, on a chief wavy Or three oak leaves sable, and my badge, Sable, on a bezant a lozenge ployé throughout sable, retaining my old device as a badge.

Signed with legal name

The submitter has a name change to Togashi Kihō in process, but retains his original name as an alternate. That name appears on the East's January 2014 xLoI.


21: Kendrick Harper of Forrest Moor -New Name & New Device

Per bend sinister argent and sable, a spider counterchanged charged with an hourglass on abdomen gules

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

Kendrick is a male given name found in Withycombe, s.n. Kenrick: "KENDRICK Chester Willis 1602."

Harper is found in Bardsley, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames s.n. with the submitted spelling dated to 1379.

Forrest Moor is a locative found in Watts, s.n. Forest Moor: <The For(r)est of ~> is dated 15th-1540, +ModE moor.


22: Maria Elena Reynosa -New Device

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Azure, on a chevron between three open books argent three mullets of six points gules and on a chief argent two wolves passant gules


23: Murdoch MacRae -New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of August 28, 2013 as Murdoch Macrae.

Argent, a falcon striking maintaining two arrows within an orle azure

Consulting herald: Thory Vedardottir

The submitter provided a letter of permission to conflict with the armory of Thorvinn blóðøx, Argent, a falcon striking sustaining an axe bendwise, containing all of the necessary language and signed with Thorvinn's legal name.


24: Nadezhda Voronova -Resub Name & Resub Device

Per pale sable and gules, an orle of mice argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Russian) most important.
Culture (Russian) most important.
Spelling (as submitted, of the first name) most important.

This submitter's name Nadezhda Voronova was returned on the January 2012 Eastern LoD for conflict with the registered Nadezhda Toranova (Mar. 2001, An Tir). As that decision was rendered prior to the implementation of SENA, the submitter wishes to revisit the conflict question.

All name elements are found in Wickenden, Russian Names Database (3d ed.)

Nadezhda is a female given name dated 1577-78.

Voronova is a feminine patronymic appearing s.n. Voron dated to 1592-93.

In the event that we find that this name still conflicts with Nadezhda Toranova, the submitter has authorized a change to Nadezshda Voronova zhena Stephanovicha to clear the conflict.

Stephanovicha is the feminine form of Stephanovich, a patronymic byname based on Stephan, which is listed in Wickenden 3rd s.n. Stepan, dated 1558.

The name pattern is found in "'A Chicken Is Not A Bird': Feminine Personal Names in Medieval Russia," by Paul Wickenden of Thanet (http://www.goldschp.net/archive/femnames.html):

In addition to being named after one's father, upon being married, many women became known through their husbands. The actual grammatical constructions were similar, except for the replacement of "doch'" with "zhena" [wife]. The examples found also include the husband's patronymic/surname added as an extra byname: Katerinka Stepanova zhena Proniakina (1538-9) [II 780] and Marina Ovdeeva zhena Laikina (1617) [XIV 249]. In these cases, Katerinka is the wife of Stepan Proniakin and Marina is the wife of Ovdei Laikin.

The device was returned on the January 2012 Eastern LoD as a result of the return of the name.


25: Nicol mac Donnachaidh -New Name & New Device

Gules, a fess urdy between two apples Or and a close gauntlet issuant from base argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

Nicol is an Early Modern Irish male given name found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Nioclas.shtml), with Annals dates of 1271, 1326, 1450 and 1489.

mac - Gaelic patronymic marker per Appendix A of SENA

Donnchadh is an Early Modern Irish male given name found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Donnchad.shtml), with Annals dates of 1254, 1267, 1317, 1322, 1334, 1337, 1338, 1414, 1445, 1452, 1466, 1473, 1474, 1475, 1483, 1484, 1485, 1486, 1502, 1503, 1519, 1523, 1531, 1553, 1558, 1573, 1577, 1580 and 1591. Donnchaidh is the genitive form that follows mac in a patronymic.


26: Sara di Salaparuta -New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and vert, a dog sejant cotoruney paw upraised maintaining a rondel or collared gules

Language (Italian/Jewish) most important.
Culture (Italian/Jewish) most important.

Consulting herald: Domenico

Sara -- The female given name Sarra is found in "A sample of Jewish names in Milan 1540-1570" compiled by Yehoshua ben Haim haYerushalmi (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/Jewish/milan_names.html). The submitter prefers the spelling with a single 'r' and requests assistance documenting that spelling.

di Salaparuta is intended as a locative byname. No documentation was provided for this name element, although Diademe determined that Salaparuta is a place in modern Sicily.

Appendix A of SENA has this to say about forming locative bynames in Italian: "Locative bynames in the northern and central areas normally take the form da X, but de X and di X are rarely found. . . .In the south, de X and di X are far more common."


27: Saruca bint Lazari -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2013, via the East

Per chevron vert and Or, three crescents Or and a cock purpure

Consulting herald: SCA Heraldry Chat on Facebook


28: Sewolt Belßner -New Device

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Or, a coney salient sable and on a chief gules three annulets Or

Consulting herald: Eldrich Gaiman via "Ask a Herald"


29: Sorcha Dhocair inghean Uí Ruairc -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2011, via the East

Per fess Or and vert, three frets conjoined in fess vert and a heart Or voided vert

Consulting herald: Maker's Faire Consult Table

The submitter's original device, Gyronny Or and vert, a ship sailing to sinister sable between three groups of three gouttes de poix, each one and two, was returned on the February 2001 LoAR for lack of contrast. Some of the sable gouttes were entirely on the vert section of the field.

This resubmission is a complete redesign.

Correction (2014-May-27 16:05:42): After a discussion with the submitter about the issues of identifiability raised in commentary, she has opted to withdraw this device and re-submit something for the June letter.


30: Thyra Eriksdotter -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in September of 2014, via the East.

Old Item: Þóra Eiríksdóttir, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Danish) most important.
Culture (Danish) most important.
Spelling (Thyra) most important.

Consulting heralds: Alys and Istvan

Thyra appears as a female given name dated to 1404, in Gunner Knudsen, Danmarks gamle Personnavne, Vol. 1 column 1445.

Eriksdotter - DGP, vol. 1, column 250 lists "Vibeke Eriksd:". On page VIII of DGP is an explanation of what the "d:" means: "Eksemplerne anføres bogstavret efter de benyttede Udgaver, dog med følgende faste Forkortelser i Patronymika: '-dotær, -dotter, -datter' o. s. v. forkortes til '-d:', og '-sun, -son, -søn' o. s. v. til '-s:' ..." Based on these examples, the submitter has constructed the form Eriksdotter.


31: Velikail of Deltuva -New Name & New Device

Argent, a crampon azure

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Culture (Lithuanian) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys via "Ask a Herald"

Velikail is the name of a Lithuanian prince dated to 1219 s.n. Velikail in Wickenden, Russian Names Database (2d ed.) (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/va.html).

Deltuva is the Lingua Anglica form of a place that is known to have existed in period. It is mentioned in Lithuania Ascending by S. C. Rowell (Cambridge University Press, 2014) (http://books.google.com/books?id=X1cHAwAAQBAJ) at p. 50 as one of the regions ruled over by a powerful duke in 13th century Lithuania. The submitter also supplied a Wikipedia page stating without citation that "[t]he Duchy of Deltuva was first mentioned in 1219 in Lithuania's treaty with Halych-Volhynia." (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deltuva). Blue Tyger mentions is in the hope that someone might be able to find a transcription or translation of the treaty.

Correction (2014-May-02 07:05:23): The submitter appreciates efforts to find a period form for <of Deltuva>, but has decided had he prefers the Lingua Anglica after all.

The newly updated Pic Dic states: "A crampon is a metal rod, pointed at both ends, used by builders to strengthen a masonry wall. It is also called a "crampiron", "cramp", or a "wolf-hook". It's a period charge, found in the arms of Winterstetten, c.1340 [Zurich 122]. The crampon is palewise by default."

The submitter prefers that it be blazoned as a "wolf-hook" if possible.


32: Vivan de Dunbar -New Name & New Device

Purpure, a descrescent and on a chief argent three springs of heather palewise purpure

Submitter has no desire as to gender.
Culture (14 cen. Scottish) most important.

Alys via "Ask a Herald"

Vivian is found in Reaney & Wilson s.n. Vivian, both as a personal name and a patronymic, with the following relevant dated spellings: Viuian (1175), Vivianus (c. 1200), Vivyan (1273), Vivian (1514).

de Dunbar is found in a Latin-language record dated to March 1372 in the Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707 database (http://www.rps.ac.uk/).


33: Walter MacDonnoghie -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (unspecified) most important.

Walter is an Anglicized Irish male name found in "Names Found in Anglicized Irish Documents," by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnglicizedIrish/Masculine.shtml) s.n. Walter with this spelling dated between 1543 and 1603-04.

M'Donnoghie is an italicized 16th/early 17th cen. Anglicized Irish byname found in Woulfe p. 352 s.n. Mac Donnchadha. As M' is a scribal abbreviation, it must expand to MacDonnoghie for registration.


34: William Graham of Edinburgh -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2013, via the East

Purpure, a key cross between four covered cups and on a bordure argent the phrase "Illuminatio Per Fermentum Faciendum" sable in a Gothic quadrata hand

The submitter translates the Latin phrase "Illuminatio Per Fermentum Faciendum" as meaning "Enlightenment through making Alcohol (Fermentation)." Blue Tyger has confirmed this translation with a Latin scholar, but would appreciate additional commentary on the reasonableness of the translation.

The calligraphy within the bordure was done by Mistress Kayleigh Mac Whyte, the East's Tyger Clerk of the Signet, who identified it as a Gothic quadrata hand.



OSCAR counts 13 Names, 1 Name Change, 1 Household Name, 2 Heraldic Titles, 19 Devices, 6 Badges, 2 Blanket Permissions to Conflict and 1 Exchange of Device and Badge. There are a total of 45 items submitted on this letter.