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East ILoI dated 2014-02-06

From Mistress Alys Mackyntoich, Eastern Crown Herald, unto the heralds of the East Kingdom and the Knowne Worlde, greetings and every good thing!

We have a mere 20 items this month, providing a much-needed break for all of our hard-working commenters. All redraws have been approved by the submitters.

Given the brevity of this letter, commentary closes on March 2, 2014.

1: Agapios Cargos -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2013, via the East

Gules, two snakes knowed in an inverted Heneage knot argent fretted with two swords inverted in saltire Or, the hilts winged argent

The original submission, Gules, in saltire two swords inverted Or winged argent interlaced with two serpents argent, was pended on the 13 November 2013 Eastern LoD for redrawing due to the unidentifiability of the charges. This redraw has been approved by the submitter.


2: Briana Douglase -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2011, via the East

This is a second resubmission. The submitter's original device, Per pale and per chevron indented argent and azure, in chief two doves rising wings displayed respectant counterchanged, was returned on the September 2010 Eastern LoD for conflict with the device of Airbertach Deoraidh, Per bend sinister argent and azure, two eagles displayed counterchanged, registered in 11/1986 via Atlantia.

On resubmission, this identical device was pended for redrawing on the November 2013 Eastern LoD because the per chevron division was improperly low. This redraw addresses the height of the field division.


3: Christoffel d'Allaines-le-Comte -Resub Device

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Christoffel d'Allaines-le-Comte in June of 2003, via the East.

Azure semy of ears of wheat, on a pale Or a sword azure

This device was pended for redrawing on the December 2012 Eastern LoD because the ears of wheat were unidentifiable. Gunnvor Orle provided examples of period armory with individual wheat ears as charges. This redraw follows those examples.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/449/2014-02-06/16-14-42_21-10-19_Wheat-Ears.jpg


4: Christoffel d'Allaines-le-Comte -Resub Badge

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Christoffel d'Allaines-le-Comte in June of 2003, via the East.

Azure, in saltire an ear of wheat and a sword Or

This badge was pended for redrawing on the December 2012 Eastern LoD because the ear of wheat was not identifiable. Gunnvor Orle provided examples of period armory using individual ears of wheat as charges. This redraw follows those examples.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/449/2014-02-06/16-16-21_21-10-19_Wheat-Ears.jpg


5: Geoffrey Hart -New Name & New Device

Vert, a sea-stag Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Andreas von Meißen

Geoffrey is an English male given name found in "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html).

Hart is an English surname dated to 1599 in Bardsley p. 362 s.n. Harte

The submitter did not blazon the posture of the stag. Suggestions for the correct blazon for its posture are appreciated.


6: Geoffrey Hart -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) A sea-stag Or

The submitter did not blazon the posture of the stag. Suggestions for the correct blazon for its posture are appreciated.


7: Isabella d'Allaines-le-Comte -Resub Device

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Isabella d'Allaines-le-Comte in June of 2003, via the East.

Vert, a cauldron issuant from a flame and on a chief Or two ladles in saltire vert

The submitter's original device submission, Vert, three seeblatter Or, was returned on the June 2003 LoAR for a conflict with the badge of Annabella of Lochwinnoch (Jan. 2003, Atlantia): Purpure, three hearts Or.

The submitter's second device submission, Vert, a cauldron and in chief two ladles in saltire, bowls to base, a flame issuant from base Or, was returned on the 6 December 2012 Eastern LoD for violations of SENA:

Unfortunately, this device must be returned for violating SENA A.3.D.2.c, which states: "A charge group in which postures for different charges must be blazoned individually will not be allowed without period examples of that combination of postures." The ladles and the flame are in the same charge group, but "two in saltire and one" is not a single unified arrangement because its elements must be blazoned separately. The May 2012 Cover letter gives the following example, which is directly applicable:

For example, two swords in saltire and a lion is a mixed-type charge group consisting of inanimate charges and animate charges, which do not have comparable postures. However, the entire group is not in a single unified arrangement, but instead has the swords and the lion arranged separately. This is not an allowable arrangement under A3D2c, without further documentation of its use in period.

In addition, the device as currently drawn arguably violates SENA A.3.D.2.a which disallows "slot machine" heraldry or, in simpler terms, three different kinds of charges having the same visual weight. The cauldron seems to be intended as the primary charge, yet has the same overall visual weight as the ladles and the flame. These two violations of SENA require this device to be returned. Gunnvor Orle suggested that the submitter consider period depictures of cauldrons, which incorporate flames as part of the charge.

This redesign appears to address the problems identified in the LoD.

The submitter has taken Orle's suggestion and is using a period depiction of a cauldron along the lines of the following:

Image #1: Sammlung von Wappen aus Verschiedenen, Besonders Deutschen Ländern. (Collection of Arms from Various Countries, Especially Germany - BSB Cod.Icon. 307 [S.L.] Germany in 1600). http://codicon.digitale-sammlungen.de/Blatt_bsb00020245%2C00419.html

Image #2: Insignia Lucensium, Senensium, Pisanorum, Pistoianorum, Volterranorum, Aretinorum, Cortonensium, Borgo a S. Sepolcro (BSB Cod.Icon. 278 [S.L.] Italian 1550-1555) http://mdz10.bib-bvb.de/~db/bsb00001425/images/index.html?seite=327

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/449/2014-02-06/16-47-00_Cauldron1.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/449/2014-02-06/16-47-00_Cauldron2.jpg


8: Kai Wulfbalt -New Name & New Device

Quarterly sable and Or, on a bend argent between two wolves rampant contourney five paw prints sable.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound ('wolf' or 'wulf' as part of the byname) most important.
Spelling (Kai) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys and Martyn, via "Ask a Herald"

Kai is an English male given name. It is found in R&W s.n. Kay as Britius filius Kay dated to 1199. The spelling Kai, potentially referring to King Arthur's foster brother and knight, is found in the Middle English Dictionary s.n. him-self dated to c. 1275.

Wulfbalt is an English byname appearing in R&W s.n. Wolbold. The submitted spelling is dated to 1179; the related spelling Wulbald is dated to 1275.

The use of paw prints is a Step From Period Practice under Appendix G of SENA.


9: Katherine de Staverton -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2006, via the East

(Fieldless) A bearded bird's head couped argent wearing a Jewish hat Or

This submission is to be associated with Judith bas Rabbi Mendel

The alternate name Judith bas Rabbi Mendel was registered to this submitter in February 2011 (via the East).

The badge is patterned after the so-called Bird's Head Haggadah, a medieval Jewish manuscript showing people with bird heads and Jewish hats (http://www.medievalists.net/2012/04/03/birds-head-haggadah-scholar-gives-new-insights-into-jewish-me dieval-text/).

This appears to be the defining instance of a Jewish hat or Judenhut.

According to A History of Jewish Costume by Alfred Rubens, the distinctive Jewish hat or Judenhut was a key feature of medieval Jewish costume. The first illustrations of the hat are found in the Stavondale Bible (c. 1097). The Jewish hat was proudly displayed in Jewish manuscripts and imagery, and was not considered a mark of degradation. It appears on Jewish seals, including a 13th cen. seal for the Augsburg Jewish community.

Jewish Life in the Middle Ages: Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts of the 13th to 16th Centuries by Therese and Mendel Metzger at p. 145 shows the use of three Jewish hats in a German coat of arms from c. 1300.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/449/2014-02-06/16-59-52_BirdHeadHaggadah1.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/449/2014-02-06/16-59-52_BirdHeadHaggadah2.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/449/2014-02-06/17-05-18_Judenhut1.JPG
#4 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/449/2014-02-06/17-05-19_Judenhut2.JPG
#5 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/449/2014-02-06/17-05-20_Judenhut3.JPG


10: Kenneth the Red -New Name & New Device

Gules, three lions sejant affronty Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (Kenneth the Red) most important.
Meaning (red-haired or some variant) most important.

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe

Kenneth is a male given name found in the Family Search Historical Records for Scotland:

Kenneth Logie; Male; Christening; 19 Nov 1609; EDINBURGH PARISH, EDINBURGH, MIDLOTHIAN, SCOTLAND; Batch: C11685-4

the Red is the Lingua Anglica form of the attested bynames le Rede and le Red, both found in R&W s.n. Read dated to 1220 and 1332 respectively.


11: Lilie of Eastham -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2000, via the East

Argent, a phoenix gules rising from flames proper and a bordure gules semy of bezants

Although marked as a new device, this appears to be a resubmission of a device returned for conflict on the May 2001 Eastern LoD. As there is no longer a time limit for free resubmissions, even a 13-year old resubmission is free.

Note that this is a complete redesign from her earlier submission.

Unfortunately, this resubmission will have to be returned due to the incorrect rendering of flames proper. Longstanding precedent holds that flames proper may not be rendered as flames Or voided gules. [April 1995 Cover Letter]. Instead, the correct rendition of flames proper is as alternating tongues of red and gules. [Id.] Failing to use the proper depiction of flames proper is grounds for return. [Tymme Lytefelow, 08/2012 LoAR, R-An Tir]. Unless evidence is found that would warrant reconsidering this precedent, this device will have to be returned.

Correction (2014-Feb-26 21:02:50): OFFICIALLY WITHDRAWN BY THE SUBMITTER; NO NEED FOR FURTHER COMMENTARY


12: Matilda Wynter -New Name & New Device

Ermine, a chevron cotised gules

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Aryanhwy merch Catmael

Matilda is a female given name dated to 1189-1215 in Withycombe s.n. Matilda.

Wynter is byname dated to 1379 in Bardsley p. 819 s.n. Winter.

Correction (2014-Feb-06 20:02:19): I love this device. I hope there are no conflicts.


13: Matilda Wynter -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) An owl argent sustaining a holly sprig fructed proper

Consulting herald: Padraig Lowther


14: Olaf Olafsson of Dragonship Haven -New Name & New Device

Or, a tree eradicated and on a chief vert three stags salient Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Consulting herald: Llewellyn Walsh

Olaf is a male given name found in Academy of St. Gabriel Report 2896 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?2896+0) as a Norwegian name dated to 1480-1530.

Appendix A of SENA states that, for later period Scandinavian names, patronymics are formed by using the genitive form of the father's name plus -son. Olafsson appears to be the correct construction.

of Dragonship Haven uses the name of a registered SCA branch pursuant to SENA PN.1.B.2.f. Dragonship Haven, Shire of was registered in August of 1979 (via the East), and was updated to Dragonship Haven, Barony of in March of 1985 (via the East).

Originally submitted as Olaf Olafsson, the conflict with Olaf Olafson, registered April 1986 via Caid, was identified during data entry. Eastern Crown had a conversation with the submitter about his options. He opted to add of Dragonship Haven to clear the conflict.


15: Yehuda ben Moshe -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2013, via the East

Per bend sinister sable and argent, a spur rowel Or and two smith's hammers in saltire proper.

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe

This identical badge was returned on the 6 January 2013 Eastern LoD, with the following explanation:

This badge must be returned for violating SENA A.3.D.2.c Unity of Posture and Orientation, which states: "The charges within a charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation (in cross, combatant, or in pall points outward, for example). A charge group in which postures for different charges must be blazoned individually will not be allowed without period examples of that combination of postures. " The spur rowel and the hammers are part of the same charge group, yet the hammers must be blazoned individually from the rowel because they are in saltire.

Since that decision was rendered, precedent has clarified this section of SENA. The June 2013 Cover Letter ruled that two charges in saltire should be deemed one compact charge for unity of posture purposes only. Thus, this badge should now be registerable.



OSCAR counts 5 Names, 10 Devices and 5 Badges. There are a total of 20 items submitted on this letter.