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East Kingdom ILoI dated 2012-03-21

Greetings to the East's College of Heralds!

This is our first iLoI in the new OSCAR kingdom garden, and my last as Eastern Crown Herald. Comments are due in one month, 04-21-2012.

Thank you to everyone who has served as a consulting herald or as a commenter during my tenure. I owe special thanks to my minions, Lady Ása in svarta, Blue Tyger Herald, and Don Ian of Tadcaster, Diademe Herald. I would also like to thank Mistress Alys Mackyntoich, who is switching hats from Elmet Herald to Eastern Crown. (I'll be continuing on as Diademe Herald.) And finally, Tanczos Istvan is also due thanks for the technical assistance and procedural advice over the past three years.

Thank you once again. It's been a wonderful learning experience.

Yours in Service,

Lady Lillia de Vaux

1: Adeliza de Epping -New Name & New Device

Vert, three threaded drop spindles and on a chief Or two needles in saltire points to chief vert.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Harold von Auerbach

Adeliza is found in Withycombe, s.n. Adelaide, with this spelling dated to 1086.

de is the locative preposition. An English example of its use is <de Altun> (c. 1141-54), found in R&W, s.n. Alton.

Epping is a town found in the Domesday Book, with this spelling dated to 1086 (http://domesdaymap.co.uk/place/TL4502/epping/), although this spelling may have been normalized. Watts, s.n. Epping has Eppin{g-} dated 1086.


2: Ælfþryþ the Cat -New Name & New Device

Per pale potent purpure and argent, a panther rampant guardant argent spotted purpure and incensed proper and a pimpernel purpure.

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Ælfþryþ is found in the PASE Database as the Queen of King Edgar, 964-975 A.D. (http://eagle.cch.kcl.ac.uk:8080/pase/persons/index.html). The submitted spelling appears in S1485 (http://ascharters.net/charters/1485?q=&page=). The submitter is also willing to accept the spellings Ælfþryð or Ælfthryth.

the Cat is the Lingua Anglica form of le Cat, found in R&W, s.n. Catt, dated to 1167.


3: Asther de Perpinya -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2010, via the East

(Fieldless) On a hamsa Or, a brazier gules.

Consulting herald: Lillia de Vaux

Note that this badge has not yet been checked for conflict or other problems. (It is not the result of a normal consultation.)


4: Cassandra Ventreys -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (wants to stay in the British Isles) most important.
Culture (wants to stay in the British Isles) most important.

Consulting herald: Cassandra Hobbes

Cassandra is found in "English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th Century Marriage Records" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/parishes.html), s.n. Cassandra, dated to 1595.

Ventreys is found in R&W, s.n. Venters, with this spelling dated to 1600.


5: Chyldeluve de Norfolk -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2008, via the East

(Fieldless) A roundel gules charged with a rose per pale argent and azure.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Note that this badge will be returned for violating the ban on shield shapes in fieldless badges:

If a charge can be considered a medium for heraldic display, it may not bear a tertiary in a fieldless badge: such a design is interpretable as a display of arms, with the tertiary as a primary. For instance, we don't permit (fieldless) On a lozenge argent a fleur-de-lys gules: since the lozenge is a medium for heraldic display, this looks like a display of Argent, a fleur-de-lys gules. Such arms-badge confusion is reason enough for return, even if the display in question doesn't conflict. In this case, the triangle inverted must be considered such a medium, comparable to the escutcheon, lozenge, or roundel. It may be considered either an early-style shield (Neubecker's Heraldry: Sources, Symbols and Meanings, p.76), or a lance-pennon [returned for this reason and also because the armory obtained by considering the badge displayed on a triangular shield was in conflict]. (Barony of Dragonsspine, March, 1993, pg. 25)

and

...Therefore, a "shield shape" which is also a standard heraldic charge will be acceptable as as a fieldless badge in a plain tincture, as long as the tincture is not one of the plain tinctures that is protected armory in the SCA. This explicitly overturns the precedent "We do not normally register fieldless badges consisting only of forms of armorial display, such as roundels, lozenges and delfs in plain tinctures, since in use the shape does not appear to be a charge, but rather the field itself" (LoAR January 1998).

Note that this does not change our long-standing policy about such "shield shape" charges used in fieldless badges if the tincture is not plain (thus, divided or with a field treatment), or if the charge is itself charged. Such armory will continue to be returned for the appearance of an independent form of armorial display. [Solveig Throndardottir, Apr. 2002, A-Æthelmearc]

This badge is a perfect example of why this precedent is in place. If it is considered to be Gules, a rose per pale argent and azure, it conflicts with Beatrice Domenici della Campana (Mar. 2000, An Tir), (Fieldless) A rose per pale argent and azure, with only one CD for the field.

Correction (2012-Mar-21 19:03:43): test test test

Well, crap. Back to the submitter with a new plan. I would have sworn roundels were exempt from this ruling.


6: Chyldeluve de Norfolk -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2008, via the East

(Fieldless) A sea-lion contourny sable.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich


7: Donato Balthazar -New Name & New Device

Gules, in saltire a quill pen and a rapier inverted Or, on a base sable a lymphad, sail set and oars shipped, contourny Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Client requests authenticity for time period (unspecified).

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

Donato is found in Arval Benicoeur and Talan Gwynek, "Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/venice14given.html#table).

Balthazar is purportedly found in Withycombe, s.n. Balthasar. However, the attested spelling is not found in this entry.

Correction (2012-Mar-26 15:03:53): If what the submitter wants is authenticity for Italian, then the byname should use one of the Italian forms such as <Baldassarre> or <Baldissere>.

<Balthazar> can be found as a masculine given name in languages compatible with Italian, such as Spanish. Unmarked patronymics are found in both Spanish and Italian. So the name as submitted is registerable, but what does the submitter actually want?

Correction (2012-Mar-26 15:03:31): Stupid Alys hit "Correction" not "Comment"


8: Donovan Shinnock and Lilias de Cheryngton -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name (Donovan Shinnock) registered exactly as it appears in October of 2004, via the East
OSCAR finds the name (Lilias de Cheryngton) registered exactly as it appears in December of 2001, via the East

(Fieldless) Between and sustained by two foxes combattant gules, a crequier vert.

This submission is to be associated with Donovan Shinnock

Consulting herald: Donovan Shinnock


9: Edward de Bosco -New Name & New Device

Azure, an oak tree eradicated Or and on a chief embattled argent three Latin crosses flory sable.

Sound (unspecified) most important.
Language (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.
Meaning (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

Edward is found in "An Index to the 1332 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Lincolnshire, England" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/LincLSR/GivenMasculineAlpha.html).

de Bosco is a byname found in the same article (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/LincLSR/BynB2.html).


10: Guy de Craven -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No changes.

Consulting herald: Eleazar ha-Levi

Guy is a given name found in 'Subsidy Roll 1319: Cheap ward', Two Early London Subsidy Rolls (1951), pp. 288-302 (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=31958&strquery=guy%20lespicer). This source lists a <Guy Lespicer> in the "Indices of Taxpayers: The Subsidy of 1319". This given name is also found in the online MED:

c1475 Guy(1) (Cai 107/176) 1781: There did Guy Heraude in herbes bathy, And with good metes him comforte hertly.

(1394) Doc.in Collect.Topogr.3 256: Martyn Ferres and we..by feffement of Sir Guy de Briene..som tyme were confeffes.

a1500 GRom.(Add 9066) 283: Hy knytte it [the cord] fast about his arse, and Guy drew hym out.

Additional documentation of the variant spellings <Guydo>, <Wido>, <Wydo>, <Gwydo>, <Gy>, and <Why> was also provided.

de Craven is a locative byname based on the place name Craven in Yorkshire, found in Ekwall, s.n. Craven. Dated spellings include <Crave> (Domesday Book), <Cravena> (c. 1140), <Crafna> (c. 1160), <Crauene> (1166). The documentation summary also mentions that, "Burke's Peerage and Baronetage lists an Earl Craven, whose family began with John Craven of Appletreewick, Craven, York, who married a woman named Beatrice in 1539".

Watts, s.n. Craven, which has the spelling <Craven(a)> dated from 1134 (i.e., both the submitted <Craven> and <Cravena> are attested).


11: Heather Mac Dowell -New Name & New Device

Vert, on a bend between a bow and a quill argent, three oak leaves palewise azure.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Scottish) most important.
Culture (Scottish) most important.

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

Heather is the submitter's legal first name, as attested by her Maine driver's license (copy included). Heather is not obtrusively modern, as it is found in the IGI Parish Records extracts:

HEATHER ARNOLE Female Christening 16 November 1612 Saint Nicholas, Colchester, Essex, England Batch: K137953

Mac Dowell is based on McDowell, found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/macdowell.html), dated 1516. Assistance justifying the submitted spelling/capitalization is appreciated.

Correction (2012-Apr-04 09:04:04): I've not yet found any evidence of Mac- style Scots surnames with a space between the Mac- and the body of the name. Anyone else looking?


12: Isabella de Bosco -New Name & New Device

Azure, a horse rampant and on a chief embattled argent, three clovers vert.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (unspecified) most important.
Language (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.
Meaning (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

Isabella is found in Talan Gwynek, "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/reaney.cgi?Isabel), dated 1201-1428.

de Bosco is found in "An Index to the 1332 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Lincolnshire, England" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/LincLSR/BynB2.html).


13: Leonilla Kalista Kievlianina -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (Keivan Rus (from the area of Kiev), 1160s) most important.

Consulting herald: Eleazar ha-Levi

All elements are found in or constructed according to Wickenden.

Leonilla is a feminine name meaning 'lioness'. It is the name of a martyr who was a contemporary of the Apostles (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/l.html).

Kalista is a feminine name meaning 'wonderful', used by a female martyr who died c. 300 (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/ka.html).

Kievlianina is the expected feminine form of Kievlianin 'Kievan'; the masculine form is dated 1167 in the entry for Zor(a- or ia-) (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/zmorphem.html). Feminization by adding -a is discussed at http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/zgrammar.html.

The use of two Christian given names is a step from period practice:

The submitter should be informed that while two given names were used in medieval Russia, one of them was invariably Slavic in origin. In this case both given names are Christian, which is currently a registerable weirdness. [Ekaterina Filippiia, 10/99, A-An Tir]


14: Tessa da Canossa -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Tessa is an Italian feminine given name found in "Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427" by Arval Benicoeur (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/catasto/)

da is an Italian locative preposition found, for example, in "Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names" by Arval Benicoeur and Talan Gwynek (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/).

Canossa was the name of the castle of Matilda, Countess of Tuscany, visited by King Henry IV of Germany and Pope Gregory VII in 1077. (http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/369347/Matilda-of-Canossa). The submitted spelling appears as <de Canossa de Regio> in the 1340-42 version of Dante's Purgatorio, 28.40-42, available at the Dartmouth Dante Project (http://dante.dartmouth.edu/search_view.php?doc=134052280400&cmd=gotoresult&arg1=0)


15: Tessa da Canossa -New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2012, via the East

Alzeiza de Luceria

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (As close to Al-ee-za as possible) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Alzeiza is found in "A handful of early southern Italian feminine names," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/earlysouthitaly.html) dated to 1029.

de Luceria: The Latinized place name Luceria can be found (in the genitive form <Lucerie>) in the 13th c. on p. 162 of Muslims in Medieval Italy by Julie Anne Taylor (http://books.google.com/books?id=KujYKqks3SAC).

Correction (2012-Mar-26 10:03:02): Correction: The submitter also desires an Arabic or, failing that, Italian culture. She is content with an Italian given name and a locative byname that refers to a Muslim enclave in Italy. If someone can find her desired sound in Italian or Arabic, that would be ideal.


16: Titus Aurelius Magnus -New Name & New Badge

(Fieldless) In saltire a sword argent and an olive branch fructed proper.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

All name elements are found in Inscriptions of Roman Tripolitania, by J.M. Reynolds and J.B. Ward-Perkins, enhanced electronic re-issue by Gabriel Bodard and Charlotte Roueché (2009). ISBN 978-1-897747-23-3. Available on-line: http://irt.kcl.ac.uk/irt2009.

Titus is found as a praenomen (http://irt.kcl.ac.uk/irt2009/indices/attested/praenomen/attested_praenomen-latT.html).

Aurelius is found as a nomen (http://irt.kcl.ac.uk/irt2009/indices/attested/gentilicium/attested_gentilicium-latA.html).

Magnus is found as a cognomen (http://irt.kcl.ac.uk/irt2009/indices/attested/cognomen/attested_cognomen-latM.html).


17: Willamina de la Mer -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Willamina is found in the extracted IGI Parish Records for England:

WILLAMINA DAVIS Christening 16 APR 1610 Saint Botolph, Lincoln, Lincoln, England Batch: C029882

de la Mer is found as <De la Mer> in Hitching & Hitching, References to English Surnames in 1601 and 1602, p. xxxii. All of the names in form <de + [element]> use <De> rather than <de>; this capitalization may not reflect what is found in the source documents. The submitter prefers <de la Mer>.


Standard Bibliography:

[Ekwall] Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names.

[Hitching & Hitching] F.K. & S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601 and 1602.

[MED] Middle English Dictionary.

[R&W] Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames.

[Watts] Watts, Victor, ed. Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names, Based on the Collections of the English Place-Name Society.

[Wickenden] Paul Wickenden of Thanet, A Dictionary of Period Russian Names.

[Withycombe] Withycombe, E.G. Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names.


OSCAR counts 12 Names, 1 Alternate Name, 6 Devices and 5 Badges. There are a total of 24 items submitted on this letter.