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Æthelmearc ILoI dated 2018-11-16

Greetings unto Sofie Silver Buccle and the College of Heralds of the Kingdom of Æthelmearc. This is Æ211, internal letter of intent. It is the intent of the Garnet office to submit the following elements to the Laurel Sovereign of Arms for registration.

1: Anna Leigh -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2011, via Æthelmearc.

(Fieldless) On a rose sable barbed vert a wolf's head cabossed argent.

Herald of Record: Madoc Arundel

This is clear of Sylvester von Beerberg (device registered December 1980 via the Middle): Argent, on a rose sable, barbed vert, a death's head argent, with a DC for fieldless and another for type of tertiary. While a death's head may conflict with a human head, and an animal skull may conflict with an animal head, conflict is not transitive. Therefore, we believe a human skull does not conflict with an animal head, especially given that a death's head by definition is missing the entire lower jaw.

2: Kumagaya Kentarou Masamoto -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2017, via Æthelmearc.

Sable, six mitsutomoe three and three Or.

Herald of Record: Kameshima Zentarou Umakai (cadell@gmail.com)

The attestation for this device draws heavily for the IAP documentation submitted for the device of Samukawa Mantarou Yukimura, submitted through Atlantia and accepted as an IAP in January 2016. Please see the documentation submitted for that armory, available at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=58537 for background and context. As per the commentary of Etienne Le Mons (Sea Dragon) at 2015-12-31 08:15:59, the term "mitsutomoe" (三つ巴) is used in the blazon of this device and all documentation to refer to a group of three tomoe in annulo. If the College of Arms disagrees with this terminology, suggested reblazon is Sable, six sets of three tomoe each in annulo, three and three Or. The depiction of the mitsutomoe sufficiently matches depiction #4 attested by Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme (Batonvert) at 2015-12-31 15:37:17 to warrant consideration for registration.

Regarding the appearance of multiple tomoe in a single design, Daibukan contains several examples of this design motif (JPG files of each page have been included in the packet):

● Page 19, row 1

● Page 24, row 4, columns 8 and 9

● Page 60, rows 2 and 3 (4 instances total)

● Page 190, row 5, designs 4 and 6

Diabukan also contains several examples of a mitsutomoe used as part of an overall design:

● Page 169, row 4, column 9

● Page 175, row 3, column 12

● Page 193, row 1, design 5

● Page 197, row 1, design 6

● Page 202, row 1, column 10

O-umajirushi contains multiple instances of designs with three mitsutomoe arranged vertically:

● Volume 3, page 28 (page 105), attributed to "Itakura, Provincial Governor of Suō", i.e., Itakura Shigemune (板倉重宗) (1586-1656)

● Volume 4, page 26 (page 141), attributed to "Mizunoya, Provincial Governor of Ise", i.e., Mizunoya Katsutoshi (水谷勝俊) (1542-1606) ... or his son Mizunoya Katsutaka (水谷勝 隆) (1597-1664).

● Volume 5, page 29 (page 179), attributed to "Hijikata, Provincial Governor of Tango", i.e., Hijikata Katsūji (土方雄氏) (1583-1638)

This device was originally submitted in July 2017 (https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=4567) with the misutomoe in a two, two, and two arrangement. The client provided a case for the mitsutomoe as a charge in Japanese heraldry as well as for the arrangement of mitsutomoe in pale. However, there was no attestation of any charges in Japanese heraldry in a two, two, and two arrangement. Also, some of the support for the charge and the `in pale' arrangement were undated, which falls outside the requirement for attesting the style of a single time and place.

This is a minor redesign to match the additional documentation provided for the IAP. The "Rokumonsen" was the heraldry for the Sanada clan. It was 6 coins, 3 and 3. The Sanada clan has its origins in the early 16th century (https://www.samurai-archives.com/sanadatime.html).

The Garnet office believes this is sufficient documentation to support the use of multiple mitsutomoe in a unified heraldic design. Thank you on behalf of Kameshima's client for your consideration.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/837/2018-11-13/07-28-56_Japanese_Crest_rokumonsen.jpg

3: Yamamoto Tokutarou Hikaru -New Request for Armory Reconsideration Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 2010, via Æthelmearc.

Argent, a mitsutomoe within a well frame sable.

Old Item: Argent, on a pellet a triskelion argent, all within and conjoined to a Japanese well-frame sable., to be released.

Herald of Record: Unknown

The client submitted his device in 2011 blazoned as a mitsutomoe within a well-frame. At the time, the tomoe was ruled unblazonable, and the device was registered as a triskelion on a pellet to approximate the pattern in the design [Yamamoto Tokutarou Hikaru (device registered February 2012 via AEthelmearc): Argent, on a pellet a triskelion argent, all within and conjoined to a Japanese well-frame sable.]

The client is asking for reconsideration to correct the blazon to Argent, a mitsutomoe within a well frame sable. Client would also accept the blazon Argent, three tomoe in annulo all within a well frame sable.

This submission was pended at kingdom in 2017 because we had no evidence of tomoe within the bounds of another charge. We have since found examples of such an arrangement.

The tomoe was ruled unblazonable in 1992:

In general, Mon-like designs are acceptable in Society armory only if they can be blazoned in European heraldic terms - as though a period Japanese, visiting Europe, were attempting to register his Mon with one of the kings of arms. Tomoe cannot be blazoned in European terms, and so cannot be considered compatible with European heraldry. This submission, though a splendid Japanese design, may not be registered in the Society. (LoAR November 1992, pg. 15)

Although a tomoe-like design was registered (without comment) in 2011: https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=15193

An actual tomoe design was registered with tomoe as the blazon in 2016: https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=58537

SENA changes the relationship with non-european armory; although primarily in allowing things like a roundel within eight roundels.

The tomoe charge can be found in "A Roll of Japanese Armory" (1992 KWHSS Symposium Proceedings). On plates 2, 4, 8, 9, 10, of which 2 are left handed and 3 are right handed. There are lots of examples of charges framed by annulets, and one example of a charge framed by a well frame, but the well frame is rotated 45 degrees. Matsuya has an example of this charge with a well frame as in the submission, but it is modern.

An example of a tomoe within a box can be found at https://mon.xavid.us/

An example of a tomoe within a well-frame can be found at https://doyouknowjapan.com/symbols/. The pattern appears to date to the middle 15th century.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/837/2018-11-13/07-56-19_Tomoe_in_Box-200.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/837/2018-11-13/07-56-19_86.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/images/cImages/837/2018-11-13/07-56-19_67.jpg

In Flanders fields the poppies blow

Between the crosses, row on row,

That mark our place; and in the sky

The larks, still bravely singing, fly

Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago

We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,

Loved and were loved, and now we lie,

In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:

To you from failing hands we throw

The torch; be yours to hold it high.

If ye break faith with us who die

We shall not sleep, though poppies grow

In Flanders fields.

--John McCrae

Madoc Garnet

Saiman Cornelian

OSCAR counts 1 Device, 1 Badge and 1 Request for Armory Reconsideration Change. There are a total of 3 items submitted on this letter.