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Æthelmearc ILoI dated 2016-10-01

Greetings unto the Æthelmearc College of Heralds! This is Æ 187, our first of two Pennsic letters. At this time we will tentatively schedule the decision meeting for Sunday, October 30 at 7pm. We thank all commenters in advance for their contributions.

1: Æthelmearc, Kingdom of -New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1998, via Æthelmearc.

Shark Herald

No major changes.
Meaning (Shark) most important.

Herald of Record: Kameshima Silver Buccle

This is meant to model heraldic titles taken from heraldic charges. The spelling "shark" is preferred.

Sharks have been registered as heraldic charges by the SCA College of Arms a total of 18 times, as recently as January 2016 ("Per pale purpure and argent, two sharks haurient embowed respectant, on a chief two Maltese crosses all counterchanged" via the Middle to Antonio Cellini). The Pic Dic s.v. fish says:

As may be seen, given the wide variety of types of fish found in period armory, any fish known to period Europeans may be used in Society armory - though, if the fish is not itself European, its use is considered a step from period practice. (An exception would be made for non-European fish actually used in period European armory, but no examples have been adduced.)

Juliana Siren also supplied the following documentation regarding the etymology of the word "shark:"

The term "shark(e)" first appears in 1569, according to the OED, which says "Ther is no proper name for it [a `marueilous straunge Fishe'] that I knowe, but that sertayne men of Captayne Haukinses doth call it a sharke." It appears in the plural without an e (sharks) in 1589. By c. 1596 it's turned verb "For other ruffians, as their fancies wrought,..Woold shark on you, and men lyke rauenous fishes Woold feed on on another." A small shark known as a dogfish appears long before that. The OED dates "oyle of adogge fysch" to c. 1450. So, sharks were definitely known to Europeans and found in European waters.

The following are all the registered names that feature the word "shark" in some form:

Blue Shark Pursuivant (Atlantia, April 2010)
Green Shark Pursuivant (Atlantia, April 2010)
Red Shark Pursuivant (Atlantia, April 2010)
Shark's Tooth Pursuivant (Atlantia, April 2010)
Shark's Tooth, Award of the (Atlantia, April 2003)
Silver Shark Pursuivant (Atlantia, April 2010)
White Shark. House of the (Marjory Macrae via Ansteorra, October 2001)

In each case, the submitted name is clear of the already registered names by SENA NPN.3.C.2, Substantial Change to One Syllable: Names are substantially different if a single syllable in their substantive element (excluding articles, prepositions, and conjunctions, such as de, the, or and) is changed in both sound and appearance as described here. The addition or removal of a syllable makes two names substantially different in sound."

In an example given in NPN.3.C, Standards for Identity Conflict, SENA states "In the case of House of the Black Bear, Black Bear is the substantive element." Thus, for the registered names listed above, the substantive elements are Blue Shark, Green Shark, Sharks Tooth, etc. The removal of the color designator (or, in the case of Sharks Tooth, the word "Tooth") substantially changes the substantive element in both sound and appearance. This difference is further supported later in the same example: "The Order of the Whistle does not conflict with the Order of the Whistle of Drachenwald, because the substantive elements being compared are Whistle and Whistle of Drachenwald." Note that which name is already registered in this example has no bearing on the fact that the two names do not conflict.

Thus, Shark Herald should not conflict with any of the cited registered names listed above.

Correction to Heraldic Title (2016-Oct-03 21:10:14): This submission is withdrawn by the client.


2: Angelo da Calabria -New Name & New Device

Sable, an ambassador's staff Or, a chief enarched argent, and a ford proper

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Client requests authenticity for Italian.

Herald of Record: Daithi Dubh

Angelo is a masculine given name found in "Italian Masculine Given Names from 15th- and 16th-century Viterbo" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/viterbo.html) s.n. Angnilo, dated to 1511.

Filosofo da Calabria is found as the name of a person on what is labeled as page 154 of Libro Secondo in Croniche et Antichità Di Calabria by Girolamo Marafioti, published in 1601. (https://books.google.com/books?id=BcOFfzmMaCEC&pg=RA3-PA153&dq=%22da+Calabria%22&hl=en&sa=XXML_ENCOD ED_AMPERSANDamp;amp;ved=0ahUKEwjZm7DRlrDOAhVBOSYKHRsNC-MQ6AEIJjAB#v=onepage&q=%22da%20Calabria%22&f =false). If you download the .pdf, this is page 341.

<given> + <byname> is an acceptable pattern in Italian per SENA Appendix A.

---

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor

See PicDic 3rd Edition for staff artwork.

*** We need the black-and-white of this.


3: Angelo da Calabria -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Per bend argent and vert, a feather azure and a flame proper

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor


4: Badger Bag Bane -New Name & New Device

Argent, a badger stantant erect affronty forepaws chained between two pine trees proper.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound most important.

Herald of Record: Ranolfr Rosamon

Badger is an English byname, found in IGI FamilySearch:

Robert Badger, married Joan Smith 25 Jan 1573 at Stopham, Sussex, England (M07113-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NKBC-9JN).

By precedent, late period English surnames may be used as given names, and we intend to do so here.

Bag is an English byname, found in IGI FamilySearch:

William Bag, married Joan Bayley 7 Jun 1569 at Yarcombe, Devon, Sussex (M05220-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N2TF-L52).

Bane is an English byname, found in IGI FamilySearch:

John Bane, married Joan Hibbott 16 Feb 1564 at Sutton, Cambridge, England (M13834-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NVB9-TVW).

<given> + <byname> + <byname> is an acceptable pattern in English per SENA Appendix A.

Though the submitter specified minor changes only, they will specifically accept adding a conjunction such as Badger the Bag bane or combining the two bynames into a single name Bagbane or Bag-bane.

No conflicts were found.

---

Herald of Record: Michael Langley


5: Bjorn Einarsson -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2006, via Æthelmearc.

(Fieldless) a pageant wagon azure

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor

SEE PIC DIC 3rd for image


6: Bjǫrn örvarbrjotr -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (breaker of arrows) most important.

Herald of Record: Rhiannon Morgaine

Bjǫrn is a masculine Old Norse given name found on page 8 of Geirr Bassi Haraldsson's The Old Norse Name.

örvarbrjotr is an Old Norse byname constructed according to the ruling on Old Norse "thing-breaker" byname construction in the March 2016 LoAR [Brandr nefsbrjotr Aronsson, A- East]. örvar appears to be the plural genitive case of "arrow" found in Cleasby & Vigfusson. However, the consulting heralds were uncertain of the exact construction, and request assistance in creating the correct form. The submitter therefore allows all changes.

<given> + <byname> is an acceptable pattern in Old Norse per SENA Appendix A.


7: Bjǫrn Skyti -New Name & New Device

Or, a cask fesswise Proper within a bordure vert.

No major changes.
Sound (bjorn skee-tee) most important.

Herald of Record: Lilie Dubh inghean ui Mordha

Bjǫrn is a masculine Old Norse given name found on page 8 of Geirr Bassi Haraldsson's The Old Norse Name.

Skyti is a descriptive Old Norse byname found on page 27 of Geirr Bassi, meaning "marksman, shooter, archer".

By precedent set in the April 2012 LoAR Cover Letter (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2012/04/12-04cl.html), Old Norse descriptive bynames may be capitalized.

<given> + <byname> is an acceptable pattern in Old Norse per SENA Appendix A.

---

Herald of Record: Michael Langley

Cask has been colored according to client's wishes (proper being brown with black banding).


8: Blackstone Mountain, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 1993, via the East.

Order of the Black Stone

Herald of Record: Rhiannon Morgaine

Order of the Black Stone follows the pattern of naming Orders in the form of color + heraldic charge, seen in Juliana de Luna's "Medieval Secular Order Names" (heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/). The phrase "Black Stone" is grandfathered to the Barony.


9: Caterina da Venezia -New Name & New Device

Azure, an owl displayed maintaining between three lilies an arrow fesswise argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.

Herald of Record: Beatrice Domenici della Campana

Caterina is a feminine Italian given name, specifically Venetian, found in "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice" by Juliana de Luna (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html)

da Venezia is a locative byname based on the city of Venezia, which is listed in the place names index of "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532," edited by David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, and Anthony Molho (http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/ORIGIN.html).

The form da X is the standard form for a locative in Italian according to Appendix A of SENA. <given> + <byname> requires no further documentation.

---

Herald of Record: Konrad Mailander


10: Cormacc mac Gilla Brigde -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2012, via Æthelmearc.

Per saltire vert and argent, four sea horses counterchanged.

Herald of Record: Sólveig Þróndardóttir


11: Fox Feirlin -New Name

No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for Scandinavian and/or German.
Meaning (A fox and something to do with Fire) most important.

Herald of Record: Ranolfr Rosamon

Fox is a Dutch male given name, found on FamilySearch:

Fox Pietersz, married Anne Franssen 29 Jun 1595 at Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands (M00705-9, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FN8C-3JN)

Feirlin is a German byname found in Bahlow's Deutsches Namenlexikon, s.n. Feuer, in Ulm (K. Feirlin, 1425).

Per SENA Appendix C, Scandinavian and German may be combined between 1100-1600; these names are fewer than 300 years apart. <given> + <byname> needs no further documentation in either language per SENA Appendix A.


12: Friderich Swartzwalder -New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2009, via the East.

Per saltire gules and sable, on a double-headed eagle Or two lilies of the valley in saltire purpure

Old Item: Per saltire gules and sable, on a double-headed eagle Or two halberds in saltire sable, to be released.

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor


13: Fucha de la Rua -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 1991, via the East.

Sable, a bend sinister wavy argent masoned sable, in dexter chief a house argent

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor

Submitter's previous device, Gules, on a quadruply-towered Eastern castle Or a mushroom counter-ermine, in base a scimitar fesswise Or, was returned August 1995 (from the East, because we weren't a kingdom yet). This is a complete redesign.


14: Gaius Plinius Iustinianus -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2010, via Æthelmearc.

Argent a winged card pique and in chief an annulet sable

Herald of Record: Michael Langley

The name on the form is Gais Plinius justinian; our records have this gentle as Gaius Plinius Iustinianus.


15: Geirrekr gullskeggr Thorvaldsson -New Name & New Device

Per fess argent ermined azure and azure ermined argent, a triple-towered castle counterchanged azure and argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Herald of Record: Rhiannon Morgaine

Geirrekr is an Old Norse male given name found in Geirr Bassi Haraldsson's The Old Norse Name on page 10.

gullskeggr is an Old Norse descriptive found in Geirr Bassi on page 22, meaning "gold-beard".

Thorvaldsson is an Old Norse patronymic byname constructed from Thorvaldr, which is found as Þorvaldr on page 16 of Geirr Bassi. This name is Thorvalds- in the genitive; combined with -son, we get the patronymic construction as demonstrated on page 17.

<given> + <descriptive> + <patronymic> has been documented in Old Norse in "Naming Construction and Patterns", s.n. Scandinavian, compiled by Laurel staff (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/patterns.html).

---

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor


16: Gunnar Thorbjararnson -New Name & New Device

Per chevron azure and argent, a bear rampant contourny sable, a chief embattled argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (Gunnar is the most important sound element.) most important.

Herald of Record: Thomas Haworth

Gunnar is a Scandinavian masculine name found in the Diplomatarium Norvegicum as Gunnar grionbaker before 1220 (http://www.dokpro.uio.no/perl/middelalder/diplom_vise_tekst.prl?b=2296&s=n&str=Gunnar)

The byname listed on this form is Thorbjararnson. That said, the documentation supports the Old Norse masculine Thorbjarnarson. It cites Thorbjorn as the root, found as Þorbjǫrn on page 16 of Geirr Bassi Haraldsson's The Old Norse Name. In the genitive, as depicted on page 18 ibid., this name is Thorbjarnar-. We can therefore construct Thorbjarnarson as an Old Norse masculine byname.

<given> + <byname> needs no further documentation in Old Norse per SENA Appendix A.

---

Herald of Record: Thory Vedardottir

ARTIST NOTE: Thory has the bear in email.


17: Istor of Beaver Nob -New Name & New Badge

(Fieldless) A beaver stantant erect affronty, maintaining in his dexter forepaw a spear, wearing an open faced leather helm proper and maintaining on his chest in sinister forepaw a drinking horn argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (Sound of given name) most important.

Herald of Record: Thomas Haworth

Istor is a given name found in FamilySearch on a microfilm dated to 1600:

Istor Webster, christened 2 Nov 1600 at Tanworth, Warwickshire, England (FHL microfilm 229,128, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VH6N-YYS)

of Beaver Nob is a constructed locative in modern English, based on Beverstone in Ekwall, with Byferes stan dating to 1048; Ekwall derives this from the Old English byfor, a side-form of beofor, meaning "beaver". Bardsley gives us Beaver as a byname (s.n. Beaver, Beever, Bever).

Nob is defined in the MED s.v. nabbe as a toponym meaning projecting peak, knoll. Barettnab (c. 1250) del Nabbes (c. 1346) The Nobbs (c. 1400).

This is a compound place name formed by <family name> + <generic topographic feature>, per "Compound Placenames in English" by Juliana de Luna (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/EnglishCompoundPlacenames/).

<given> + <byname> needs no further documentation in English per SENA Appendix A.

---

Herald of Record: Michael Langley

See attached helm.

*** We only have a B&W, and I've flipped between device and badge several times. Did this client pay for three items (name, device, badge) or two (name, device)?


18: Istor of Beaver Nob -New Device

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Argent, a beaver statant erect affronty, maintaining in his dexter forepaw a spear, wearing an open faced leather helm Proper and maintaining on his chest in sinister forepaw a drinking horn argent,

Herald of Record: Michael Langley

For reference, see attached helm. [No helm attached.]


19: Jân Tilki -New Name & New Badge

(Fieldless) A fox head erased within and conjoined to a mascle Or.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (Persian, see documentation) most important.
Meaning most important.

Herald of Record: Roselyne de lEstrangere

Not a lot of Persian sources available right now.

Jân comes from Ursula Georges' article "Some Persian Feminine Names and Etymologies".

Tilki ("fox") is the most important element for client. Here, it is being used as an attempt at a laqab name element referring to nature. Client opines that "tilki" is a Turkish word (from bab.la), possibly of earlier origin than modern Farsi word "rub^ah" ("fox"). Client authorizes changing word to mean "fox", as close as possible to medieval Persian version.

Ursula Georges (Green Staff) at 2016-08-05 06:46:41 (Reply) I haven't seen a pattern of bynames based on animals in Persian or Turkish sources. For registration, using a Mongol or Arabic form, which will be compatible with Persian, is likely the submitter's best bet. (And I don't know for sure whether we have animal bynames in Arabic, either.)

Ursula Georges (Green Staff) at 2016-08-05 06:56:55 (Reply) OK, I take it back: there is some evidence for animal nicknames in Ottoman Turkish in the 1650s, just outside the gray period: https://www.academia.edu/16531408/Nicknames_and_Sobriquets_in_Ottoman_Vernacular_Expression Tülüveli gives examples meaning "bird", "desert camel", and "red ox".

Juliana de Luna (Siren) at 2016-08-05 07:17:17 (Reply) But still not Persian.

Juliana de Luna (Siren) at 2016-08-05 07:31:57 (Reply) The Arabic word for fox appears to be Tha'lab, which is found as a patronymic element in a byname in Cairo Geniza documents. There's a pattern of animal bynames in Arabic, with a variety of examples in my "Son of the Hot-Tempered Woman". That's enough to allow an Arsbic form or lingua Anglica the Fox. https://books.google.com/books?id=CFpKDZC7EJQC&pg=PA432

Most important to client is the meaning "fox". Persian is the preferred ethnicity, but any Islamic culture will do.

---

Herald of Record: Thory Vedardottir


20: Jaqueline de Molieres -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2010, via Æthelmearc.

(Fieldless) On a dandelion slipped and leaved Or a heart gules.

Herald of Record: Thory Vedardottir

Please print to trace: https://oscar.sca.org/emblazons/AEthelmearc/2014-11/Jaqueline_de_Moliere-bw.jpg


21: Katharina von Bamberg -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning (Katharina from Bamberg) most important.

Katharina is a German feminine given name found dating to 1348 in Talan Gwynek's "Medieval German Given Names From Silesia" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/bahlow_v.htm).

von Bamberg is a locative byname referring to the currently German city of Bamberg, found in Brechenmacher, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der Deutschen Familiennamen, dating to 1463 as a locative with this spelling (p. 66).

The pattern <given> + <byname> needs no further documentation in German per SENA Appendix A, with the locative byname marked as <von X> where X is a city.

Submitter would prefer the addition of a second byname to clear conflict, so that the pattern becomes <given> + <byname> + <locative>, rather than have changes made to the submitted name elements.


22: Magdalena Loperena Guerra -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Æthelmearc LoI of January 04, 2016 as submitted.

Sable, a needle piercing the field surmounted by a morion helm argent.

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor

This is a complete redesign of the client's previous submission.


23: Matthew of Boston -New Name & New Device

Sable, in pale a beaker and a double horned anvil, on a chief argent a ladle reversed sabled.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Herald of Record: Seraphina Delfino

Matthew is an English male given name found in Family Search Historical Records:

Matthew Adam, male, christened on 16 Sep 1566 at Widworthy, Devon, England (C05213-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N56W-5XG)

Boston as the root of a locative byname is a header form in Ekwall, s.n Boston, with a dated form of Botuluestan (1130). The submitter prefers the Lingua Anglica of Boston.

---

Herald: Yehuda ben Moshe


24: Patrokles Athenaios -New Name & New Device

Or, an owl affronty and in base a mullet of six points voided and interlaced within and conjoined to an annulet sable.

Sound most important.

Herald of Record: Thomas Haworth

Patrokles (Πατροκλ[η~]ς) is found in LGPN with 74 instances across Volumes 1 to 5a. The transliteration was provided by Ursula Georges.

Athenaios (Ἀθηναῖος) is a Greek locative byname meaning "of Athens" found in Liddell and Scott (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0058%3Aentry%3D*aqhnai%3Dos)

---

Herald of Record: Thory Vedardottir

We were able to use personal information on the forms to confirm that this submission belonged with this name.


25: Rabi'ah bint Mustafa -New Device

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Rabi'ah bint Mustafa in December of 2001, via Atlantia.

Purpure, a flame Or charged with a rose gules

---

Herald of Record: Katherine Coscombe


26: Robert Hawksworth -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound most important.

Herald of Record: Arwyn of Leicester

Robert is an English male given name found as follows on FamilySearch:

Robert Ablett, male, christened 21 Sep 1567 at St Marys, Watford, Hertford, England (C07305-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NB67-BTP)
Robert Scoopom, male, christened 25 Jul 1595 at Butterwick Holland, Lincoln, England (C02738-2, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NGQK-RTY)
Robert Whitebread, male, christened 6 Jan 1564 at West Ashby, Lincoln, England (C02664-3, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NYZY-86D)

Likewise, we find the English byname Hawksworth:

Robert Hawksworth, married Dority Rawson 19 Oct 1601 at Cantley, York, England (M00724-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N23P-L8Z)
Robart Hawksworth, male, christened 13 Jun 1574 at Bradfield, York, England (P00712-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JSBD-LJ7)
Dorathie Hawksworth, married George Edmondson 24 Jan 1598 at Gainsborough, Lincoln, England (M01106-1, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V5VH-1T7)

<given> + <byname> needs no further documentation in English per SENA Appendix A.


27: Samuel Longsword of the Black Hammer -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in March of 2017, via Æthelmearc.

Old Item: Altun of Misty Highlands, to be released.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Language (Submitted is what he wants) most important.

Herald of Record: Steve of Timewydd

Samuel appears in Withycombe under the header Samuel, in that spelling as a given name dated to 1562.

Longsword is the lingua Anglica of Longspy, which appears in that spelling in Reaney and Wilson under the heading Longspey, Longspy, dated to 1373.

of the Black Hammer is a byname based on an inn sign. The pattern of naming inn signs for color + heraldic charge is found in Mari ingen Brian meic Donnchada's "English Sign Names From 17th Century Tradesman's Tokens" (http://penheralds.net/heraldry/mirrors/medievalscotland.org/kmo/Tokens/ColorItem.shtml). A hammer is a period heraldic charge per the Pic Dic. The spelling black is found in the Middle English Dictionary s.v. blak (adj.) dated to a1425. The spelling hammer is found in the MED s.v. hamer dated to 1451-1500.

<given> + <byname> + <byname> needs no further documentation in English per SENA Appendix A.


28: Sarah of Boston -New Name & New Device

Sable, a pair of votive sake offerings within a well frame argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Meaning most important.

Herald of Record: Konrad Mailander

Sarah is found in "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyHZ.html) s.n. Sara dated to 1201, 1249, 1384 and c. 1405.

Boston as the root of a locative byname is a header form in Ekwall, s.n Boston, with a dated form of Botuluestan (1130). The submitter prefers the Lingua Anglica of Boston.

Allows adding/deleting a word like de/the when the change is small.

<given> + <byname> needs no further documentation in English per SENA Appendix A.

---

Herald of Record: Konrad Mailander

Defining instance of a new Japanese charge. Documented by Solveig.


29: Sesilía Óttarsdóttir -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning (Daughter of Ottarr) most important.

Herald of Record: Rhiannon Morgaine

Sesilía is found on p. 14 of Geirr Bassi as a feminine given name.

Óttarr is found on p. 14 of Geirr Bassi as a male given name. This name forms the submitted patronymic Óttarsdóttir. Construction per Geirr Bassi (p. 17, -rr goes to -rs in the genitive).

<given> + <byname> needs no further documentation in Old Norse per SENA Appendix A.


30: Sláine an Einigh -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 2013, via Æthelmearc.

Or, a swan naiant sable and a bordure gules

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor


31: Snorri skyti Bjornsson -New Name & New Device

Azure, four greyhounds courant in annulo Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for Language, culture, and time period Danish.
Meaning (archer-bowman, son of Bjorn) most important.

Herald of Record: Zahra bint al Mu allim

Snorri is an Old Norse masculine given name found in Geirr Bassi's The Old Norse Name on page 14.

skyti is a descriptive byname meaning "marksman, shooter, archer", found on p. 27 of Geirr Bassi.

Bjornsson is found in Svenskt Diplomatariums huvudkartoteköver medeltidsbreven, in the Latin language document SDHK-nr: 2301, dated 1309, which includes: "Ego philippus bjornsson" (https://sok.riksarkivet.se/sdhk?EndastDigitaliserat=false&SDHK=2301)

<given> + <descriptive> + <byname> requires no further documentation in Old Norse per SENA Appendix A. Per SENA Appendix D, section Western European Languages, subsection B. Non-Runic Old Norse, names omitting diacritical marks are registrable in Old Norse.

This submitter should be contacted regarding the authenticity request, as two-thirds of the name is in Old Norse and the other third is listed in a Swedish database. At the very least we can get this into Old Norse by swapping Bjornsson for Bjarnarson.

---

Herald of Record: Marie de Blois

*** We need the color version of this.


32: Sorcha MacKenzie -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2011, via Æthelmearc.

(Fieldless) A sloth argent charged with a tau cross sable, pendant from a rapier fesswise Or

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor

From Cormac: Previous submission, same blazon, returned 12/2015 for blurring the line of distinction between primary and secondary charges. Big sloth, little rapier


33: Spencer Oranwood -New Name & New Device

Potent, a compass star, and on a chief raguly Or three orange trees fructed couped proper

No changes.

Herald of Record: Juliana de Luna

Spencer is a late period English given name derived from a family name; Spencer is dated as a byname to 1560 in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "16th Century Names from Ormskirk Parish Registers" s.n. Edmund (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/ormskirk/edmund.html). Spencer is also his legal name.

Oranwood is grandfathered to the submitter; Drake Oranwood is his father. See attached attestation. [Note from Cornelian: Where is the attached attestation?] That element bears no resemblance to his mundane name.

Correction to Name (2016-Oct-03 16:10:16): Attestation was acquired; there is now no need to document <Oranwood>. Our thanks to Drake Oranwood for his swift reply to our query.

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Herald of Record: Wynne ferch Rhodri


34: Úlfkell Gyldir -New Name & New Device

Sable, a dragon breathing fire rampant to sinister and a base rayonny Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Language most important.
Culture (Viking Wolf Killer) most important.

Herald of Record: Gisela vom Kreuzbach

Notes From Pennsic: <U'>lfkell found in Geirr Bassi page 15 gyldir Geirr Bassi pg 22 meaning "howler, wolf"

Úlfkell is a masculine Old Norse given name found on page 15 of Geirr Bassi Haraldsson's The Old Norse Name.

gylðir is an Old Norse byname found on page 22 of Geirr Bassi. However, the client desires Gyldir. This form of the name is found in the Landnámabók (http://www.snerpa.is/net/snorri/landnama.htm s.n. 93, "Úlfur gyldir hét hersir...").

By precedent set in the April 2012 LoAR Cover Letter (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2012/04/12-04cl.html), Old Norse descriptive bynames may be capitalized.

<given> + <byname> is an acceptable pattern in Old Norse per SENA Appendix A.

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Herald of Record: Katherine Coscombe


35: Unnr in elska á Fjárfella -Resub Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

Herald of Record: Yehuda ben Moshe

This client previously submitted Elska á Fjárfelli, which was returned on the April 2016 LoAR:

The Letter of Intent stated that bynames are occasionally adopted as given names. However, no evidence was provided to show that Elska ("love, beloved") is a plausible byname from which a given name could be derived. Therefore, we are unable to register this name.

Upon resubmission the submitter should know that, in commentary, ffride wlffsdotter constructed the byname á Fjárfelli ("on livestock's hill") from the farm name Fjár-fell, using examples from the Landnámabók and Lind Personbinamn, s.n. Fiár. The element fjár is found as a genitive singular form of fé ("livestock, cattle, wealth") in Rygh's Norske Gaardnavne (http://www.dokpro.uio.no/rygh_ng/rygh_felt.html).

The submitter may wish to know that Elska is a late period German name found in early 17th century Prussia in the FamilySearch Historical Records. However, because the temporal gap would be greater than 300 years, we cannot combine the constructed 13th century Scandinavian byname with an early 17th century German given name under Appendix C of SENA.

"Unnr" - Lena Peterson. Nordiskt runnamnslexikon s.v. Unnr, -unnr/-uðr

"in elska" - byname meaning "the beloved" found in Cleasby/Vigfusson s.n. Elska

"á Fjárfella" - constructed byname meaning "on livestock's hill". This was documented in the LoAR based on the farm name "Fjár-fell". We believe that the terminal letter should be "a" for the feminine form rather than "i" as on the LoAR. Although submitter does not allow any other changes, the submitter will accept either "á Fjárfella" or "á Fjárfelli".


36: Valgerðr inn rosti -Resub Device

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Sable, a chevron gules fimbriated between a sword fesswise point to dexter and a bear's head cabossed argent.

Herald of Record: Michael Langley

This client's previous submission, Sable, a chevron gules fimbriated between a sword fesswise and a bear salient argent, was returned with the following note:

This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of Posture and Orientation, which states "The charges within a charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation". Because they lie on either side of the chevron, the sword and bear are considered to be in the same secondary charge group. However, the charges here are not in a unified arrangement, as the fesswise orientation of the sword must be described independently from the default orientation of the bear. (R-04/2016)

I put it to the Æthelmearc College of Heralds and our esteemed guests from other kingdoms' Colleges: have we solved this problem?


37: Ysabel Lecroix -New Name & New Device

Per pale Or and gules, two horses combattant counterchanged, on a chief argent a warhammer sable.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Spelling (Submitter prefers the given name to start with a Y) most important.

Herald of Record: Steve of Timewydd

Ysabel appears in Domhnall na Moicheirghe's article "Names from Lallaing 1384-1600" on the Laurel website in that spelling dated to 1563.

Lecroix appears in Sara L. Uckelman's article "Names from Artois, 1601" on the Laurel website in that spelling dated to 1601.

Herald of record notes device submitted under Isabeau Delacroix, which was already registered. That said, the device forms received all read Ysabel Lecroix, and the only Isabeau Delacroix in OSCAR is an Isabeau Delecroix, a name change from An Tir.

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*** Note from Cornelian: Absent any boxes ticked, we are going with the default new device; name is very obviously submitted with this device. Client will be contacted to confirm prior to XLoI.

Herald of Record: Cormac Mor

Correction to Device (2016-Oct-22 12:10:56): Note from Cornelian, 22 Oct: Email sent. Awaiting reply.


For the College, we are Melodia Garnet and Elen Cornelian, submissions heralds of the Kingdom of Æthelmearc.


OSCAR counts 21 Names, 1 Name Change, 1 Order Name, 1 Heraldic Title, 20 Devices, 1 Device Change and 7 Badges. There are a total of 52 items submitted on this letter.