Meridies LoI dated 2023-10-02

Unto Emma, Laurel; Elisabetta, Pelican; Iago, Wreath; and all the College of Arms does Soo Yun, Pennon, on behalf of Baronesa Sara, Beacon, and the illustrious Meridian College of Heralds, send greetings! It is the intent of the Meridian College of Heralds that the following submissions be registered.

At the kingdom level, we found it unusual that the items from Pennsic were marked with "no holding name". After review of original documents, none of the items indicated that they did not wish for a holding name. Submitters were also contacted and approved this change.

Additionally, we want to thank Adelaide Colette de Monferrer, Bronwen o Gydweli, and Magnus von Lübeck for their considerable help in documenting and precedence checking on both this letter and previous letters.

1: Artemíkleia of South Downs - New Name (KLoI) (NP)

Submitter desires a feminine name.
The following changes are allowed: Changing/Removing the accent
Language/Culture (Greek) most important.
Spelling most important.

Name found through LGPN (Lexicon of Greek Personal Names) and is cited three times, ranging between ii BCE and iii CE ( [ ] ). It is composed of the prefix "Artemi," referring to the goddess Artemis, and " kleia," meaning glory and fame. It is a feminine name, with this particular spelling originating in Macedonia in ancient Greece. The name is originally in Greek ('A ), but is Latinized to Artemíkleia.

South Downs is a barony within the Kingdom of Meridies whose name was registered in June of 1986.

At the kingdom level, no conflicts were found.

2: Bjorn Valdriksson - New Name (KLoI) (NP)

No changes.

'Bjorn' is found in Geirr Bassi Haraldson, "The Old Norse Name" as a masculine given name, p. 7. Geirr Bassi indicates 42 examples. 'Valdriksson' is a constructed patronymic byname, construct from 'ValdrikR' per Geirr Bassi, p. 17. "The Formation of Patronymics and Matronymics". 'ValdrikR' is found on the Viking Answer Lady's website as a masculine given name, s.n. ValdrikR. The reference given is: "NR s.nn. ValdríkR, Vald-, -ríkR" ( Submitter would prefer no accents.

At the kingdom level, the documents were checked out and no conflicts were found.

3: Emrys of Cambion - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Argent, a baton sinister between four furisons bendwise sable

Emrys is the Welsh version of Ambrose and can be dated to throughout our period The name of Clan Cambion was registered to Rorik Fredericsson in November, 1979 and has been used in forming a fair number of registered Society names: Barbara of Cambion, Gunnild of Cambion, James Ingram of Cambion, Leannan of Cambion/Lerben of Cambion, Myfanwy o'Mwyle ni Cambion, Nessa Dunna of Cambion, Stefan of Cambion and Volodomir of Cambion. However, while registered territorial names can be used fairly freely in formation of personal names, current precedent may restrict the use of household names as Society-compatible personal name components unless the personal relationships required for the ERA apply. As a result, the Pennsic Consult Table opted to document the byname as a "constructed variant" of the byname Campion, although little supporting documentation was provided. However, Black (Surnames of Scotland, s.n. Campion) dates Simon Campion to 1500, though that is in original an occupational surname (= "champion"). Reaney and Wilson (Dictionary of English Surnames, s.n. Champion) cite Herbert campion dated to 1148 and Roger le Campion 1197 and note an alternative locative derivation "Champion may sometimes be a corruption of CHAMPAIN. Champion Wood (PN K 287 [i.e., Place Names of Kent by Wallenberg, pg 287]) owes its name to a family variously called de Chaumpayne or Champeyneys (1278) and de Campayne (1332)." It should be noted that the alternation of the two bilabial plosives "p" and "b" in English names is well-documented with Reaney and Wilson showing dozens of examples including de Camp Arnulfi (1172), de Cambernof (1189) and de Chaumbernum (1230) for Champernowne (op. cit., s.n. Champernowne), Campbell (1282), Cambel (1296), Camble (1513) and Campell (1524) for Campbell (op.cit, s.n. Campbell). Indeed, the alternation is even documented in the Oxford English Dictionary for champion: from line 1007 of the Havelok from around 1300 "With hem com mani chanbioun."

Previous instances where a submitter submitted 'of Cambion' (see the kLOI for details but two instances registered in January 2007 LOAR were submitted as 'of Cambion' and had the 'of' dropped) led us to believe this should be Emrys Cambion. The submitter has been contacted and has approved this change in advance if this is the case.

At the kingdom level, no conflicts were found.

The blazon was originally "Argent, a baton sinister between four furisons in bend sinister two and two sable" but changed at the kingdom level as advised by commenters. At the kingdom level, there were no conflicts found.

4: John le Mailur - New Badge (KLoI)

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2017, via Meridies.

(Fieldless) A spur fracted and conjoined in chevron argent

This submission is to be associated with Company of the Cracked Spur

Spur is a heraldic charge, cited in the Pictorial Dictionary ( as being found in Italian heraldry, and the same object is found in the MED (s.n. spore). The spelling spur is found in Shakespeare, Henry V, Act IV, scene 6: "From helmet to the spur all blood he was." Henry V was first performed in 1599. ( Cracked is a descriptive byname referring to a spur fracted. Fracted charges do happen in the SCA (such as sword fracted list in Pictorial Dictionary (example limited to intermittent internet). Cracked is closed to the vernacular. Cracked is not in the MED, so we still need to date the word. Visual changes should be registrable as adjectives, such as Croskeyes (keys crossed) found in English Sign Names, (, dated to James I. Company is a standard designator. The submitter indicated that more examples of this would be appreciated.

At the kingdom level, there were no conflicts found. There were, however, concerns that an object cannot be fracted and conjoined at the same time (and if it cannot be conjoined, does that mean the badge cannot be fieldless?) and it would be more proper if the use of the word 'cracked' can be documented. We decided to leave this up to the society level in the hopes that more documentation can be found and a ruling on the matter of 'fracted and conjoined' and the use of the word 'cracked' can be decided.

5: Miltiades To Chlomo - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Azure, an owl displayed argent and an olive tree fructed and eradicated Or, a bordure potenty argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Client requests authenticity for Ancient Greek.

Greek Miltiades (Μιλτιάδης) found in Lexicon of Greek Personal Names [ ] To Chlomo (το χλωμό) descriptive byname meaning "the pale". Descriptive bynames (example "The Rat Slayer") occurred per SENA reference to "Personal Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine Era"

Though the use of 'To Chlomo' as a descriptive byname is not supported with the above documentation, we decided to move this to society in hope that more documentation can be found as lgpn seem to be giving commenters a hard time lately. Of note, Chlomos is a mountain and a village in Greece and this may be a way to make a locative byname if documentation for these places in period can be provided.

At the kingdom level, no conflicts were found for this.

At the kingdom level, no conflicts were found for this.

6: Refr Silfrhǫnd - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Per chevron gules and sable, two foxes in chevron respectant courant and a dexter hand argent.

The following changes are allowed: Slight changes to spelling but no major changes
Language/Culture (old norse language and deprecating byname tradition) most important.
Meaning most important.

The Old Norse Name; Geirr-Bassi Haraldsson; P. 14; s. n. Given Names; gives Refr as a masculine given name

Silfrhond / Silfrh<o, }nd (Constructed byname meaning "Silverhand")

The Old Norse Name; Geirr-Bassi Haraldsson; P.27; s.n. Given Names; gives silfri as meaning 'silver'

The Old Norse Name; Geirr-Bassi Haralsson; P.24; s.n. Nicknames ; has inn krepphendi (cripple-handed) and P.21 inn einhendi (one-handed),

Other Similar nicknames given in the same source with a color+ body part construction are hvitbeinn (white leg), raudkinnr (red cheek), blákinn (swarthy cheek), and gullbrá (golden brow).

The English-Old Norse Dictionary at

gives silver as silfr

gives hand as hand / hǫnd

At the kingdom level, no conflicts were found but commenters agreed that it should be 'Refr Silfrhǫnd' instead of 'Refr Silfrhǫndr'. The submitter was contacted and approved of changing it to 'Refr Silfrhǫnd'.

At the kingdom level, no conflicts were found for this device.

7: Refr Silfrhǫnd - New Badge (KLoI)

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) A dexter hand argent charged with a fox's mask gules.

At the kingdom level, no conflicts were found for this.

8: Ríoghnach Locha nEchaigh - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Purpure, a calamarie argent maintaining in base two rapiers Or and on a chief invected argent three quavers vert

Spelling ('Ríoghnach') most important.

'Ríoghnach' is attested in the Martyrology of Donegal as <Rioghnach inghen Fheradhaigh> as a saint (Feast day 18 Dec), and in the Martyrology of Tallaght as <Rignaige inghen Feradhaigh>. nEachach is found in Adrian Room "A Dictionary of Irish Place-Names" Revised Ed. 1994: s.n. Neagh, Lough: "Neagh, Lough (Antrim) Loch nEathach, 'Eochaid's lake'. Eochaid (Eochaidh) was a legendary kin of Munster who was said to have drowned in the lough when it suddenly flooded in the 1st century AD." From Alys: "A locative byname based on this place name has to be the WHOLE place name in the genitive form [Mór Cille Caindigh, 2/2016 LoAR, A-East]. So I think it would be Rioghnach Locha nEchaigh" If the spelling of "nEachach" is judged unregisterable, submitter would accept the documented spelling "nEathach". FIXME: gaelic locative

At the kindom level, no conflicts were found for this.

At the kingdom level, no conflicts were found for this device.

9: Sara al-Garnatiyya - New Household Name (KLoI)

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2016, via Meridies.

Crescent Lake Castle

The following changes are allowed: Minor Spelling Changes
Meaning (Meaning Castle of Crescent Lake) most important.

In Alys's Simple Guide to Household Names (, "Castle" is indicated as a household designator. A Household name based on the pattern "Placename + Hall/Manor/Castle" are very common:

"In English, households, inns, taverns or halls named after places are incredibly common. The pattern placename + house/hall is well established. For example, the Middle English Dictionary gives examples of the Howse of Oseney (c.1460), Nottingeham castell (1152), and Fysshewykeshostell (1476), all of which are based on place names."

Juliana de Luna's article on Compound Place names ( gives significant evidence for the name pattern "Family Name + Generic Toponym":

"Pattern Three: Placename or family name followed by generic toponymic

The pattern of creating a placename by combining a family name or existing placename with a generic toponym (a type of place, like a meadow or forest) has been well documented. There are two precedents regarding this; one from 7/03 gives evidence for family names in unmodified form:

No evidence was provided to support adding Sands to the end of an existing placename. However, there is a pattern in English, during the late Middle Ages and Renaissance, of placenames formed by appending a toponymic to a surname. Siren found some examples of this type of placename in A. D. Mills, Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names, including: Aldborough Hacche c. 1490 (s.n. Aldborough Hatch), Culling Deepe 1584 (s.n. Colindale), Coanie hatch 1593 (s.n. Colney Hatch), Fygmershe c. 1530 (s.n. Figge's Marsh), Gallion Reache 1588 (s.n. Gallions Reach), and Gallion Nesse 1588 (s.n. Gallions Reach).

And one from 5/04 gives evidence of the same pattern with the family name in the possessive form:

However, Mills does have some examples of "family name+topographic", including s.n. Towersey, Turrisey, "of the Tower family, Towers' eg" 1240; s.n. Tey, Great, Merkys Tey, "Tege of the de Merck family" 1475; s.n. Leigh Bessilles Lee, "Leigh of the Bessil family" 1539."

Crescent is a family name found in a collection of London marriage licenses from 1562-63 (see attached images). Lake is a generic topographic feature that is first seen in the 13th century (

Thus, Crescent Lake is a constructed placename following documented patterns and Crescent Lake Castle follows documented household name patterns.

At the kingdom level, no conflicts were found for this.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:

10: Seán Maguire - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Per bend azure and sable, a bow and a carving knife Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (Shawn Ma-gwire) most important.

Seán can be found in the Index of Names in the Irish Annals by Kathleen O'Brien (, dated 1316, 1337, 1343, 1369, 1380, 1452, 1459, 1469, 1474, 1486, 1487, 1490, 1492, 1506, 1507, 1510, 1511, 1543, 1578, 1583, 1588, 1589, 1602. Maguire can be found in the Oxford Dictionary of Family Names of Ireland by Kay Muhr and Liam Ó hAisibéil, s.n. Maguire, dated to 1591.

At the kingdom level, no conflicts were found. However, it was noted by a commenter that Sean Maguire is an actor who played Robin Hood in Once Upon A Time? .

Device: [ ] - see the woodcut image for a medieval woodcarver's knife. It has a longer blade and a shorter handle than a modern tool. This will be the defining instance of this charge. Please use heraldicart bow image 5 - this is a recurve bow and it is important to the submitter. For the carving knife, see the image in the woodcut at [ ] this is a carving knife from 1502. Please make sure that the handle and the spine are aligned as in the drawing, this knife has a through tang.

At the kingdom level, no conflicts were found for this device. However, there were questions if this was enough evidence for this type of knife to be used as a charge. Additionally, many commenters had problems identifying the knife (particularly which side is the blade) but we ultimately decided against a redraw at that time since we also were unsure about the charge itself.

11: Sefa Randsdottir - New Device Change (KLoI)

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Sefa Randsdóttir in September of 2022, via Meridies.

Per chevron wavy gules and chevronelly wavy argent and azure, two wrens argent.

Old Item: Per chevron azure and gules, a chevron wavy between two wrens and a goat passant argent., to be retained as a badge.

At the kingdom level, no conflicts were found for this device. However, an alternative blazon was proposed "Per chevron wavy gules and argent, two wrens argent and two chevronelles wavy azure".

12: Sophia Berkeley - New Device Change (KLoI)

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2017, via Meridies.

Per bend sinister argent and azure, in pale a crescent and an owl, counterchanged

Old Item: Azure, in pale an owl argent atop a fleam Or and a chief indented fleury at the points argent, to be retained as a badge.

submitter's previously registered device Azure, in pale an owl argent atop a fleam Or and a chief indented fleury at the points argent. Crescent 8 traceable art Owl 8 traceable art

The submitter notified kingdom that they would prefer their old device be kept as a badge and that they would prefer the new blazon and associated emblazon of "Per bend sinister argent and azure, an owl counterchanged in chief a crescent azure". Originally this was "Per bend sinister argent and azure, in pale a crescent and an owl, counterchanged"

No conflicts for either the new proposed blazon or the old one were found at the kingdom level.

Correction to Device (2023-Nov-13 07:11:27): The submitter would prefer the following blazon: "Per bend sinister argent and azure, an owl counterchanged in chief a crescent azure." Instead of the blazon "Per bend sinister argent and azure, in pale a crescent and an owl, counterchanged." That I accidentally sent up. I referred to this in the paragraph but forgot to change the actual blazon sent up. I apologize.

13: South Reach, Canton of - Resub Device (KLoI)

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2019, via Meridies.

Azure, a broken sword bendwise Or and a chief dovetailed argent, overall a laurel wreath Or.

Petition of support included.

Previous submission, Azure, a skeletal hand bendwise sinister argent maintaining a broken sword inverted by the blade within a wreath of laurels Or, a chief dovetailed argent, was returned from Laurel Sept. 2019:

This device is returned for lack of documentation for the skeletal hand. While human skulls are readily identifiable, and full skeletons or even demi-skeletons are likewise recognizable by the sum of their parts, and while a single femur is identifiable as a bone, other body parts are more difficult to identify. When grasped around the blade of a broken sword, the shape of the hand becomes almost entirely obscured.

At the kingdom level, no conflicts were found for this device.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:

In Service,

Soo Yun

[email protected]

OSCAR counts 7 New Names, 1 New Household Name, 5 New Devices, 2 New Device Changes and 2 New Badges. These 17 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $68 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Device. This item is not chargeable. There are a total of 18 items submitted on this letter.