Ansteorra LoI dated 2018-02-28

Greetings to the Sovereigns and College of Arms!

This letter contains submissions from Ansteorra Kingdom ILoI dated 2017-01-07 and ended 2017-02-07, which can be found here: https://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingloi.php?kingdom=8&loi=4940. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity and allows any changes.

The Kingdom of Ansteorra humbly submits for registration the following heraldic items:

This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

1: Aelia Zaridina Maliasene - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2016, via Ansteorra.

(Fieldless) An equal-armed Celtic cross per bend sinister azure and argent


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

2: Aibhilín inghean Uí Briain - New Name & New Device

Vert, a wolf statant guardant and on a chief embattled argent three battleaxes sable

Sound most important.

Following websites were found while researching on St. Gabriel's site:

Aibhilín: http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Aibhilin.shtml

Index of Names in Irish Annals: Aibhilín, Eibhilín by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan

Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c1200-c1700) form: Aibhilín

Quick and Easy Gaelic Names by Sharon L. Krossa

http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/

The standard way to form a name using an Irish clan affiliation byname for women is:

<single given name> inghean Uí <eponymous clan ancestor's name (in genitive case & always lenited unless starting with a vowel)>

Briain: http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Brian.shtml

Index of Names in Irish Annals: Brian by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan

Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c1200-c1700) genitive form: Briain

There was a concern brought up in commentary that <Aibhilín inghean Uí Briain> may conflict with <Eibhlin ni Bhriain>.

Attempt at Summary, full comments can be found at http://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingloi.php?kingdom=8&loi=4940#2

From Adelaide: Ni is an anglicized marker that usually represents inghean Uí, so these are the same names, and the construction represents the same relationship. We don't register ni with Gaelic spellings anymore, and if Eibhlin's name were corrected to current standards, it would be identical with this submission. (English records would be something like Eveline ni/ny Viren.) Aibh-/Eibh- is down to scribal conventions and doesn't represent a sound change, because they are both borrowings of Anglo-Norman Avelina. Current rules weight heavily based on sound changes, which are present here, but it's basically two orthographies, one erroneous, applied to the same name.

However, as is noted, there does not appear to be a conflict with sound or appearance under http://heraldry.sca.org/sena.html#PN3C as written. The client is aware there could be an issue, but has elected to send the item up for review.


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

3: Ansteorra, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in of at some point, .

Amicus Ansteorrae

Language (Latin) most important.
Meaning (Friend of Ansteorra) most important.

amici populi Romani (friends of the Roman people) was a status granted to individuals during the rule of the Roman Empire which and gave them special privileges.(p55) Amicus is the singular of the word amici, meaning friend.(Wheelock) It is contested what these privileges might have been, purely diplomatic or also judicial and fiscal, but they were entered into a role of amicitia (friendship) and gain the title amicus(p40).

Please see "Friends of the Roman People" by Anthony J. Marshall

Source: The American Journal of Philology, Vol. 89, No. 1 (Jan., 1968), pp. 39-55

https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/293373 (select pages attached, full article can be read online with a regular JSTOR account or I can provide entire article on request)

According to Wheelock's Latin (p10), "Romans put the modifying, or limiting noun in the genitive case" - which requires the conjugated ending -ae (p11), leading to Ansteorrae Wheelock also provides the translation for friend, <amicus>(p469).

The Crown of Ansteorra wishes to recognize individuals who reside outside of the Kingdom but have helped or served the Kingdom in some way, as friends of Ansteorra. We hope that this construction for "friend of Ansteorra" based on the Amici Populi Romani will be sufficient.

Correction to Order Name (2018-Mar-05 13:03:25): Award of the Amicus Ansteorrae

if necessary, Award of the Amicus of Ansteorra would also be acceptable.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1792/2018-03-01/22-15-00_Pages_from_page55Marshall.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1792/2018-03-01/22-15-03_Pages_from_page55Marshall-2.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1792/2018-03-01/22-15-05_5477694106919906896.jpg
#4 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1792/2018-03-01/22-15-06_7651444887688151754.jpg
#5 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1792/2018-03-01/22-15-06_5595463281344661984.jpg


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

4: Ansteorra, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in of at some point, .

Duelists of the Sable Star of Ansteorra, Order of

No major changes.

Duellists is the plural of Duellist found in duellist. (n.d.). Dictionary.com Unabridged. Retrieved February 1, 2018 from Dictionary.com website http://www.dictionary.com/browse/duellist dated to 1585-1595.

It is formed from combining Duel + ist.

From the Online OED's first citation: 1593 G. Harvey Pierces Supererogation 155 It is a glory for the inferiour, to offer the combat, like the Champion of prowes, or the Duellist of courage.

"duellist | duelist, n.". OED Online. January 2018. Oxford University Press. http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/58250?redirectedFrom=duelist (accessed March 01, 2018)

Shakespeare, Romeo & Juliet, Quarto 1, 1597:

https://www.bl.uk/treasures/SiqDiscovery/ui/PageMax.aspx?strResize=no&strCopy=79&page=28

Ben: Why what is Tybalt?

Mer: More than the prince of cattes I can tell you. Oh he is the couragious captaine of complements. Catso, he fightes as you sing pricke-song , keepes time dystance and proportion, rests me his minum rest one two and the thirde in your bosome, the very butcher of a silken button, a Duel- list, a Duellist, a Duellist, a gentleman of the very first house of the first and second cause, ah the immortall Passado, the Punto re-uerso, the Hay.

Since the term comes from duello, the art of defense in Italian, the usage of the word was probably meant to give a vague Italian flavor to the play, since it is set in Verona. On the other hand, Shakespeare wouldn't have used it if he didn't think people would understand the term.

Per S.E.N.A. NPN.1.C.g "….Branches may register new heraldic titles and order names based on patterns used in their existing heraldic titles or order names. To use the grandfather clause, the new submission must be similar in content to the existing pattern……." of the Sable Star of Ansteorra is an order name pattern registered to the Kingdom of Ansteorra in July of 1996. The registered order name is Order of the Centurions of the Sable Star of Ansteorra and per precedent, the pattern of "fighter type" of the Sable Star of Ansteorra follows the existing registration allowance of order name patterns that have been registered to a group.

In the January 2003 LoAR, the following precedent was made:

"Ansteorra, Kingdom of. Award name Award of the Rising Star of Ansteorra.

This submission is an appeal of the return of Award of the Rising Star in September 2001, which stated:

This name is being returned for lack of documentation of the construction of the order name. No documentation was provided, and the College found none, that an abstract descriptive such as Rising was used to modify a noun such as Star in period order names. Barring such documentation, this name must be returned.

Ansteorra has pointed out that Circle of the Ascending Star was registered to the Kingdom of Ansteorra in April 1981 and that the construction used in Award of the Rising Star of Ansteorra is, therefore, grandfathered to them.

This submission raised considerable discussion regarding how the Grandfather Clause applies to order names. This issue is most often raised in regards to adjectives used in order names. Some recent examples include:

[Order of the Argent Slipper] Meridies already has several order names of the type Argent X, so this particular use is grandfathered to the Kingdom. [Meridies, Kingdom of, 08/00, A-Meridies]

[Order of the Dragon's Bowle] The construction Dragon's X has not been documented to period. However, the order names Order of the Dragon's Jewel (registered August 1987) and Order of the Dragon's Pride (registered May 1988) are registered to Drachenwald. Therefore, the construction Order of the Dragon's X is grandfathered to them so long as whatever X is falls within the rather wide span between Jewel and Pride. A bowl (especially if it were gold or silver) is an object which could conceivably fall into the same category as a jewel, as being part of a dragon's horde. Therefore, this order name is registerable. [Drachenwald, Kingdom of, 02/02, A-Drachenwald]

While use of an adjective, such as Argent or Dragon's, that does not change from order name to order name is the most common application of the Grandfather Clause in order names, we have also grandfathered specific construction types. Some examples include:

[Order of the Marble Chalice] No documentation was presented and none was found that Order of the Marble Chalice follows a pattern used for period order names. However, Gleann Abhann has registered Order of the Onyx Chalice (registered in September 1998) and Order of the Garnet Chalice (registered in September 1998). Since both marble and onyx are types of stone, Order of the Marble Chalice follows the same construction pattern as Order of the Onyx Chalice and so is registerable via the Grandfather Clause. [Gleann Abhann, Principality of, 12/2002, A-Meridies]

[Order of the Opal] No evidence was presented and none was found of period order names based on gemstones. As Atlantia has registered the Order of the Pearl, this construction is grandfathered to them. [Atlantia, Kingdom of, 12/2001, A-Atlantia]

In the first example, the construction Order of the [type of stone] Chalice is grandfathered to Gleann Abhann. In the second example, Order of the [type of gemstone] is grandfathered to Atlantia. Award of the Rising Star of Ansteorra parallels Circle of the Ascending Star in a manner similar to these examples. Given these previous registrations of grandfathering order name constructions within a narrow construction type, this order name is registerable to Ansteorra.

Note: Ansteorra has a letter of permission to conflict from the owner of the household name House Rising Star. The addition of a group reference, such as of Ansteorra, is normally transparent for conflict purposes. However, previous precedent (including The Order of the White Scarf of Caid (Caid, Kingdom of; Acceptances, Caid; April 1997) and Order of the Golden Swan of Aneala (Aneala, Barony of; Acceptances, Lochac; July 1999) has ruled that a group reference is enough difference to clear the conflict when used in conjunction with a letter of permission to conflict."

Following this precedent, we believe Order of the Duellists of the Sable Star of Ansteorra is a registrable order name under the existing registration allowance.

Correction to Order Name (2018-Mar-05 13:03:29): Duelists of the Sable Star of Ansteorra, Order of the


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

5: Cullen Kincaid - New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and argent, a chess rook counterchanged

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Elizabethe Cullen, married 1576, Yarmouth, Norfolk, England. Batch no. M15305-1

(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NXBY-TJ6)

James Kincaid, married 1587, Stirling, Scotland. Batch no. M11490-2

(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XYW8-V61)

Cullen is English and Kincaid is Scottish, and according to SENA, those cultures can be mixed.

There is more evidence of Cullen as a last name, but with the surname-as-given allowance of late period names, I believe it should suffice. The September 2012 Cover Letter notes:

"In general, family names documented in sixteenth century England may be used to create given names, even if they are of Scottish or Gaelic origin."

(http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2012/09/12-09cl.html)


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

6: Dalla Hróðmarsdottir - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for Viking circa 800-1000 AD.
Language most important.
Culture most important.

http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html

Viking Names found in Landnámabók by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara l. Uckelman)

Construction is supported by Geirr Bassi, pages 17-18

There was some concern in commentary that there may be a conflict with <Dalla Ormarsdóttir>, as we were unsure if there was a substantial change to the syllable. Full commentary on this concern can be found at http://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingloi.php?kingdom=8&loi=4940#4.


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

7: Diederick van Sitteren - New Name & New Device

Per fess wavy sable and barry wavy argent and azure, a crescent argent and a demi-lobster issuant from base gules

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound most important.

http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/dutch/vandermeulen.html Names from Dutch Records Between 1584-1585 by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman) sn. Dierick:

Diederick Cornelissen Pharo

Diederick Vijgh

Maria Van Sitteren, christened 1619, Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands. Batch no. C00825-7

(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XBYT-3ZK)

SENA Appendix A for Dutch says that "van [locative]" with a lower-case v requires no further documentation.

Submitter is aware and accepting of the visual connection to the Tarot "The Moon" card.


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

8: Elizabeta Maria dei Medici - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2006, via Ansteorra.

Or, a domestic cat and an elephant combattant sable, a bordure gules


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

9: Elizabethe Cadwyn - New Name & New Device

Or, a fox passant contourny reguardant sable marked argent on a chief embattled sable three decrescents Or

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound most important.
Language (Elizebethe Cadwyn) most important.
Meaning most important.

Elizabethe: sn. Elizabeth. Elizabethe is dated to 1568 from Feminine Given Names in "A Dictionary of English Surnames" by Talan Guynek

https://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyAG.html

Cadwyn: found as Christian Cadwyn, christened 20 March 1580 in Credition, Devon, England Batch #C05074-1

https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N591-26X


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

10: Hendrika van Sitteren - New Name & New Device

Argent, a wagon wheel sable and a ford proper

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language most important.
Culture most important.

Hendrika Johanszdr., married 1591 in Deventer, Netherlands.

City archive Deventer, Church records marriages 0723 Retroacta burgerlijke stand (DTB) Deventer, Deventer, archive 723, inventory number 106, Trouwboek (rood 28)

Summary here: https://www.openarch.nl/show.php?archive=dev&identifier=6181d361-1ee8-2fba-995a-bfd8489c371d&lang=en &six=1

Maria Van Sitteren, christened 1619, Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands. Batch no. C00825-7

(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XBYT-3ZK)

SENA Appendix A for Dutch says that "van [locative]" with a lower-case v requires no further documentation.


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

11: Joanna Watyn - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound most important.

Joanna - variation of Joan. Feminine Given Names in "A Dictionary of English Surnames" - Joanna in 1279 in Freelove

http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyHZ.html

Watyn - Example: "Mary Watyn" in "An Index to the 1332 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Lincolnshire, England"

https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/LincLSR/BynU.html


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

12: Leandra Forte - New Name & New Device

Argent, a cross cotised azure overall a wolf rampant gules

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language most important.

Leandra - Documentation found from the Academy of St Gabriel "Names from the 16th Century Venice"

http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html.

Forte - Documentation from http"//Heraldry.sca.org "Names from 15th & 16th Century Pisa"

http://heraldry.sca.org/kwhss/2014/Juliana_de_Luna/Names_from_15th_and_16th_Century_Pisa.pdf


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

13: Maridonna Benvenuti - New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 1998, via Ansteorra.

Scarlata Lanza

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (15th C. (1480) Sicily) most important.
Culture (15th C. (1480) Sicily) most important.

Both name elements are found in Armando Di Pasquale's "Palermo nel 1480. La popolazione del quartiere delia Kalsa", Edizioni Mori. Palermo. 1975. "Palermo in 1480, The population of the Kalsa quarter" Photocopies

Scarlata - #177, Scarlata di Manosseu, p 56

Scarlata is found in `Feminine Names from 13th C Perugia: Alphabetical List' by Arval Benicoeur https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/perugia/perugiaFemAlpha.html

Lanza - #703, mastru Antoni Lanza, p 96 and #824, Cola lanza, p 105

To remain faithful to the original text Di Pasquale has almost always omitted punctuation. He capitalized the personal names, surnames, and place names and preserved the initial letters that were already capitalized. He also changed initial "i" to "j" when it was followed by a vowel, and changed the final "j" to "i". Lastly, the author added an apostrophe for modern usage to separate joined words in the original text.


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

14: Mary Kateryn Corbet - New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and argent, two fleurs-de-lys in pale counterchanged.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

FamilySearch Historical Records

https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NY7C-CMQ

Mary Katherine Hammond Female Christening Date: 06 Aug 1592 Christening Place: WHATFIELD,SUFFOLK,ENGLAND

Indexing Project (Batch) Number C06324-2

https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N6S7-S8D

Kateryn Symmes Female Christening Date: 23 Mar 1541 Christening Place: Steeple-Ashton, Wiltshire, England

Indexing Project (Batch) Number C15347-1

https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NRDW-J5N

Margaret Corbet Female Christening Date (Original): 15 JAN 1590 Christening Place: ST. CLEMENT'S, CAMBRIDGE, CAMBRIDGE, ENGLAND

Indexing Project (Batch) Number C13559-9


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

15: Nemeth Miklos - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 2012, via Ansteorra.

Sable, an eagle barry gules and argent within an orle Or


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

16: Oddr Marsson - New Name & New Device

Per fess embattled gules and sable, a sword fesswise reversed argent and an owl affronty Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Client requests authenticity for Viking circa 800-1000 AD.
Language most important.
Culture most important.

http"//www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html

Viking Names found in Landnámabók by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman)

Additionally, Oddr and Már are found on page 13 of Geirr Bassi.

Construction is supported on pages 17-18 of Geirr Bassi as Oddr Mársson. Precedent permits dropping accents if done uniformly.


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

17: Oddr Marsson - New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) A sword bendwise inverted argent and overall an owl affronty Or


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

18: Ronan Fionn O'Dubhain - New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Purpure, two stalks of barley in saltire and in chief a hop cone Or


This item was on the 05-2018 LoAR

19: Ruberto Valori - New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and gules, a lion Or and on a chief embattled argent three crosses fleury gules

Sound most important.

Italian Given Names from the Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532: Ruberto

http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/tratte/ruberto.html

The following data are found in Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532, a project of Brown University, Rhode Island.

13th C: 1289 (1)

14th C: 1342 (1), 1343 (1), 1350 (1), 1352 (1), 1353 (1), 1354 (1), 1357 (1), 1358 (1), 1359 (1), 1361 (1), 1363 (1), 1364 (1), 1367 (2), 1368 (1), 1369 (2)

Italian Family Names from the Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532 by Aryanhwy merch Catmael

http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/tratte/familynames.html

Valori: 1310, 1313, 1318, 1322, 1324-25, 1328-40.


In Service,

Elena Wyth

Bordure


OSCAR counts 11 New Names, 1 New Alternate Name, 2 New Order Names, 11 New Devices and 3 New Badges. These 28 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $112 for them. There are a total of 28 items submitted on this letter.