East LoI dated 2007-03-06

Unto Elisabeth Laurel, Jeanne Marie Wreath, Margaret Pelican, the SCA College of Arms, and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Tanczos Istvan, Blue Tyger Herald!

It is the intent of Easterners to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity and allows any changes.

This item was on the 07-2007 LoAR

1: Alaxandar an Chobhlaigh mac Lochloinn - New Name & New Device

Vert, a sea-griffin passant within a bordure argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Highland Scot c. 1300-1500) most important.
Culture (Highland Scot c. 1300-1500) most important.

Neither the "no major" nor "no minor" change boxes is checked, but there's a note saying "see below", and the documentation sections says that he will accept any variant spelling of Alexander in Gaelic (Highland Scot c. 1300-1500), any variant spelling of Lochloinn in Gaelic, and any changes necessary to the element mac to make the name more authentic. He may be willing to accept other changes if contacted about them.

Alaxandar is dated to 1368 and 1419 in Academy of S. Gabriel report 2202 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?2202+0), citing the Annals of the Four Masters as found in the CELT archives (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/G100005C and http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/G100005E). The report describes it as an appropriate name for a 1300-1500 Highland Scot. It is also found in Mari neyn Bryan's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Alaxandar) as a standard spelling for both Middle Irish Gaelic and Early Modern Irish Gaelic; it is noted that most bearers of this name are natives of Scotland. Additional documentation can be found in Sharon Krossa's "Scottish Gaelic Given Names" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/gaelicgiven/index.shtml). It indicates that Alaxandar is documented to the 13th, 15th, and 16th centuries, but the evidence has not (yet) been added to the article.

an chobhlaigh is a Gaelic descriptive byname meaning 'of the fleet', dated to 1460 in Mari's Annals Index (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/anChobhlaigh.shtml). It is added to his name in order to avoid conflict with Alexander MacLachlan, registered in Jan. 1991 via the East.

Lochloinn is given as a period Gaelic spelling of Lachlan in S. Gabriel report 2526 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?2526+0), citing Black s.nn. Lachlan, Lachlanson, Maclauchlan, Macquarrie, and MacQuhirrie; and Bannerman, John M. and Ronald Black: "A Sixteenth-Century Gaelic Letter", Scottish Gaelic Studies, Vol. XIII, Part I, Autumn 1978. The nominative and genitive forms of this name are apparently identical, so mac Lochloinn should be correct as a byname meaning 'son of Lachlan'. Lochloinn can also be found in Sharon Krossa's "Scottish Gaelic Given Names" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/gaelicgiven/index.shtml) The article cites the Beaton Letter (dated 1593-6), in which a chief of the MacLean clan signs himself as Lochloinn.

At kingdom, the capitalization of the descriptive byname was corrected from an chobhlaigh in order to match the documentation.

This item was on the 07-2007 LoAR

2: Bera Gunnarsdóttir - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in July of 2007, via the East.

Old Item: Talon the Black, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for Viking Age Norse language/culture.
Language most important.
Culture most important.

Her current name was registered in March 1995 via Caid. She also has a device (Oct. 89 via the East) and a household name and badge (May 94 via Caid) registered.

According to Geirr Bassi, two women in Landnámabók were named Bera (p. 8), and eleven men bore the name Gunnarr (p. 10). The instructions on p. 17 indicate that -rr becomes -rs in the genitive case, hence Gunnarsdóttir for the patronymic.

This item was on the 07-2007 LoAR

3: Bricia de Neubold - New Name & New Device

Vert, three chevronels braced in base and in chief three yarn quills palewise Or.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for 13th century English.
Sound most important.

The submitter asks that Bricia be preserved, but says the byname de Neubold is not as important and can be adjusted as needed.

Both name elements are from Karen Larsdatter's "An Index to the 1296 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Rutland, England" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/Rutland/index.htm). Bricia is found once under 'Feminine Given Names', and de Neubold is found as the name of 7 people, in Oakham, Ketton, and Teigh, under 'Bynames Sorted Alphabetically'.

This device is clear of Karna Persdotter (04/2001 via Drachenwald), Vert, three chevronels braced, in chief a dolphin naiant Or, with one CD for the type and one for the number of secondaries.

This item was on the 07-2007 LoAR

4: Elinor Strangewayes of Dorset - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2006, via the East

Quarterly azure and argent, two fish respectant and two fish addorsed counterchanged.

Her name was registered in April 2006, via the East. Her device was pended on the March 2005 Letter of Decisions (dated July 27, 2005) because her then-submitted name (Elinor Strangewayes) was identical to one that had been submitted the previous month by a different person. The ILoI containing her re-submitted name made no mention of a device; because of this and changes in the Eastern Crown Herald office, this device was lost in limbo. It is hereby rescued, with apologies.

The kingdom letter of decisions on which this was pended had this to say:

Though the orientations of the charges on this device are consistent with marshaled armory, some commenters felt that the design is logically comparable to marshaled arms featuring combatant charges. Conversely, RfS.XI.3.a. limits the exception from the rule against apparent marshaling to "identical charges", which might arguably exclude charges which are not identical in orientation. This interpretation is supported by the idea that in the special case of charges like combatant charges, every charge is considered to be 'combatant'. In this case, the charges are not so uniformly described. It was also mentioned that the use of a non-European species of fish and the strange combination of orientations may each be a step from period practice, and therefore returnable in combination.

Blue Tyger isn't sure what's at issue, here -- all of the items are the same type, which is a sovereign remedy against marshaling.

This item was on the 07-2007 LoAR

5: Ernst Nuss von Kitzengen - New Augmentation of Arms

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Gules, a chalice Or and in chief a pair of hands argent, for augmentation in chief on an inescutcheon Or a tyger rampant azure.

His name was registered in Dec. 1987 via the East. His device (Gules, a chalice Or and in chief a pair of hands argent) was registered in June 2004 via the East. This Kingdom Augmentation of Arms was awarded by Gaufred Kelson II and Geneviere II at Their last court on 9/24/2005.

Per RfS VIII.7, augmentations that have the appearance of being independent armory (as this one does) are independently subject to the normal armorial conflict rules. As such, this augmentation conflicts with two Eastern badges: (Fieldless) A tyger rampant guardant azure maintaining a spear bendwise proper (Mar. 1985, for King's Champion), and Or, a tyger sejant erect, forepaws clasped over its head, azure (Aug. 1979, for the Order of the Burdened Tyger).

Per the Oct. 2003 Cover Letter, an augmentation that conflicts with kingdom armory needs a letter of permission to conflict, signed by the Crown or by the kingdom seneschal. Their (current) Majesties Lucan and Yana have signed a letter of permission to conflict.

This item was on the 07-2007 LoAR

6: Johann Lederer - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for 14 Century German.
Language most important.
Culture most important.

Bahlow: p. 330 s.n. Leder, he has Heynke lederer 1372, and p. 366 s.n. Milchsack there's Johann Micksack 1396.

Both name elements can also be found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "German Names from 1495" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/german1495.html). Johann appears twice under Johannes, in Horneck and Sontheim, and Lederer appears once under Surnames H-M, in Stauffen. Also, Aryanhwy's "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/nurnberg1497.html) has three examples of Johann in Nürnberg (under Johannes), and under Surnames A-M, there are two examples of Lederer in Nürnberg plus two examples each of Lederer and Ledere(r) in surrounding cities.

This item was on the 07-2007 LoAR

7: Milisandia Owen - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language most important.
Culture most important.

Milisandia is a feminine name listed in "A Simple Guide to Constructing 13th Century Welsh Names" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/welsh13.html). It is also described as "about as authentic as you can get" for 13th century Welsh in Academy of S. Gabriel report 1114 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?1114+0), citing Tangwystyl's "Names and Naming Practices in the Merioneth Lay Subsidy Roll 1292-3", which was published in the Known World Heraldic Symposium Proceedings of 1991.

Owen is a patronymic surname discussed on pp. 172-173 of Morgan & Morgan. This spelling is also found in Tangwystyl's "Women's Names in the First Half of 16th Century Wales" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/welshfem16/elements.html). R&W p. 333 s.n. Owen dates Robertus filius Owen to 1221, and Bardsley p. 577 s.n. Owen dates Matthew Owen to 1314.

By my count, there are nine items here, all of them new. We owe Laurel $36, which will be delivered under another cover.

Until next month,

Istvan Blue Tyger


Bahlow, Hans; Deutsches Namenlexikon: Familien- und Vornamen nach Ursprung und Sinn erklärt; Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp Taschenbuch Verlag, 1985, 1990.

Bardsley, Charles Wareing; A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames; Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1980.

Black, George F; The Surnames of Scotland; New York Public Library, New York, 1946.

Geirr Bassi Haraldsson; The Old Norse Name; Professor G. Fleck, Olney, Maryland, 1977.

Morgan, T.J. & Prys Morgan; Welsh Surnames; University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1985.

Reaney, P.H. & R.M. Wilson; A Dictionary of English Surnames, revised (3rd) edition; Oxford University Press, 1995.

OSCAR counts 4 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 3 New Devices and 1 New Augmentation of Arms. These 9 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $36 for them. There are a total of 9 items submitted on this letter.