11: Penelope Packard the Pillager -New Name Change (NP)
OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in March of 2020, via Calontir.
Old Item: Lofnheiðr Hrafnsdóttir, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Penelope - feminine English given name found in Family Search Historical Records: Penelope Rose; Female; Christening; 30 Mar 1562; AMBERLEY, SUSSEX, ENGLAND; Batch: C07002-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J736-NMT)
Packard - English surname. Gilbert Packard, dated 11 Edward II (1317) in the raw data for "Names from Medieval Suffolk" by Sara L. Uckelman, known in the Society as Aryanhwy merch Catmael (https://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/raw/suffolkfines)
Packard is also found in R&W, s.n. Packard. Geoffrey, Henry Pac(k)ard 1327.
The Pillager - plausible byname, not attested. Here are 3 examples of other bynames with similar meanings or theme.
R&W, s.n. Pillar `plunderer'. Dike le Pilur, dated 1246, John le Piler, 1327, and Thomas Piler' 1332.
MED has the descriptive Ravysshour `plunderer, ravisher, rapist' dated 1436. "Please itt..to do proclayme..that the seid William Pulle, Ravysshour, appier, afore the Justices..to answer of the seid Felonyes."
[ quod.lib.umich.edu ]
MED also has the byname le Reuere `robber, plunderer, spoiler, destroyer'. Ricardus le Reuere is dated 1255 and William le Reuere is dated 1317.
R&W, s.n. Pillar, glosses it as `plunderer', from Old French "pilleur". The modern French "piller" could be plausibly translated as either plunder or pillage. The bynames `le Pilur' and `le Piler' therefore support the plausible LS form `the Pillager'.
SENA Appendix A supports the pattern given+byname+byname for Middle/Early Modern English.