6: Meridies, Kingdom of - New Order Name (KLoI)
& New Badge (KLoI)
OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 1979, via Meridies.
Ordo Lux Meridies
Argent, on a pale sable, a lily irradiated Or and a bordure sable.
The following changes are allowed: changes for grammar
Meaning (Order of the Light of Meridies) most important.
The order name follows the pattern Abstract Quality + Order Name + of Kingdom per Juliana de Luna's article here: https://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/ListingOfStandardForms.html and SENA NPN3 allows for the addition of the branch name in order to clear conflict.
There is some debate as to the use of "Lux" or "Light" as an abstract quality. Charlton T. Lewis, Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary shows "lux" being used as an abstract and figurative quality particularly in a religious sense (the light of the world for instance), see specifically definitions C and E below:
"A. The sight of all men, the public view, the public, the world: "nec vero ille in luce modo, atque in oculis civium magnus sed intus domique praestantior," Cic. Sen. 4, 12: Isocrates forensi luce caruit, id. Brut. 8, 32: "familiam abjectam et obscu ram e tenebris in lucem vocare," id. Deiot. 11, 30: "res occultas aperire in lucemque proferre," id. Ac. 2, 19, 62.--
B. Light, encouragement, help, succor: "lux quaedam videbatur oblata, non modo regno, sed etiam regni timore sublato," Cic. Phil. 1, 2, 40: "civibus lucem ingenii et consilii porrigere," id. de Or. 1, 40, 184; cf.: "lucem adferre rei publicae," id. Manil. 12, 33.--
C. A light, an ornament: "hanc urbem, lucem orbis terrarum," Cic. Cat. 4, 6, 11: "genus sine luce," undistinguished, obscure, Sil. 8, 248.--
D. Light, illustration, elucidation: "historia testis temporum, lux veritatis," Cic. de Or. 2, 9, 36.--
E. That which enlightens, the source of illumination: ratio quasi quaedam lux lumenque vitae. Cic. Ac. 2, 8, 26; cf.: "ego sum lux mundi," Vulg. John, 8, 12; id. ib. 12, 26."
I.10.a. c1425- A person who is eminent in a particular sphere, or notable for virtue, intellect, or another admirable quality; a luminary. Now esp. in leading light n. 2.
Cf. shining light n. and also lesser light n.
c1425 O Troye..Þi liȝt is lost. J. Lydgate, Troyyes Book (Augustus MS. A.iv) iii. l. 5489 (Middle English Dictionary) Citation details for J. Lydgate, Troyyes Book
1599 Some that were great lights of old, And in their hands the lampe of God did beare. J. Davies, Nosce Teipsum 27Citation details for J. Davies, Nosce Teipsum
1623 Those Sunnes of Glory, those two Lights of Men. W. Shakespeare & J. Fletcher, Henry VIII i. i. 6Citation details for W. Shakespeare & J. Fletcher, Henry VIII
[ www.perseus.tufts.edu ]
There is at least one instance of a recorded Italian order using abstract qualities other than "love" or "hope":
Knot or Holy Spirit of Right Desire (Italy) - This order was founded in 1352 by Loysi di Taranto, king of mainland Sicily (or, as it was often known, the kingdom of Naples), according to Boulton. It did not last after his death.
Chevaliers de la Compagnie du Saint Esperit au Droit Desir 'Knights of the Company of the Holy Spirit of Right Desire' 14th c
Cavalieri del santo spedito 'knights of the Holy Spirit' 14th c. Italian (Tuscan)
Thus, we would argue that given the usage of "light" as a figurative quality in period literature, and the use of "Holy Spirit" and "Spirit of Right Desire" in period as a substantive element for an order name, that the "Order of the Light of Meridies" follows documentable patterns for order names.
At the kingdom level, submitters also provided documentation if using saint's name of place as the pattern. As this is already quite long, please see the kingdom letter for the specifics of this documentation.
No conflict found at the kingdom level.
No conflicts found at the kingdom level for this badge. However, it was noted that the irradiation was not drawn properly. Kingdom approved of the new emblazon featuring proper irradiation. Please see picture below for previous emblazon.
The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below: