5: Kira Meru -New Name (NP)
Submitter desires a feminine name.
The following changes are allowed: alternate spellings of Kira
Spelling (Meru) most important.
This name follows the pattern <family name> <given name>.
There is not an entry for Indian name formation in SENA. However, a simple explanation of the formation of medieval Indian names can be found in "Women's Names from (Mostly) 16th Century Inscriptions at Tirupati (India)" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (1999) on the SCA Heraldry website (https://heraldry.sca.org/names/tirupati_f.html).
This article discusses names in medieval India both broadly and as it specifically pertains to the culture around the southern city of Tirupati. In the fifth paragraph, the author refers to naming conventions of that region and states "In general, when there are two name elements, the format seems to be [family name][given name].
The same method was used in southern India throughout period (and is still used by some today. There were also other formations that were used but all of the elements cited in this documentation for the name Kira Meru are also from the around the same region as discussed in Tangwystyl's Article.
Kira is a Sanskrit and Tamil byname found in "A Concordance of the Names in the Cola Inscriptions Vol. 3" by Nobor Karashima, et al. (1978), Page 129 (https://www.tamildigitallibrary.in/book-detail.php?id=jZY9|up2kZI6TuXGIZQdjZt0jZI3#book1/135).
The listing gives the full name as Kira Nallur Kilavan.
This book and its companion volumes contain an extensive list of nearly 10,000 names and nearly 21,000 name segments compiled from over 3,000 inscriptions from period southern India. Because the list is so extensive, it is difficult to be certain of exact dates for many of the names.
To further complicate efforts in dating, years are sometimes given in the period Indian calendars and sometimes in our modern Gregorian calendar.
However, the Cola (also spelled Chola) dynasty ruled much of the ancient and medieval southern Indian subcontinent from the last few centuries BE until the late 13th century CE. Their empire was at its most extensive in 1030 CE. According to scholars, written records were relatively uncommon in the earlier days of the Cola. Therefore, most of the inscriptions found in "Concordance are likely from the later years around the height of their influence.
Meru is a Sanskrit and Tamil given name found in "A Concordance of the Names in the Cola Inscriptions, Vol. 3" by Noboru Karashima, et al. (1978), Page 8 (
[ www.tamildigitallibrary.in ] ).
The listing gives the full name as Apimana Meru Mvn. As with the entry for Kira above, exact dating for this name is difficult.
Meru is also found in "The Travancore State Manual, Vol. 1" by V. Nagam Aiya (1906), Page 193 (https://books.google.com/books?id=49F9hXNNjzsC).
The listing gives the full name as Abhimana Meru Muvendavelar. This seems to be the same person listed in "Concordance"
The section in which this name is found appears to refer to taxation during the fourth year of the reign of Rajendra Chola Deva I, who ruled most of southern India from 1014 CE - 1044 CE. Therefore, the date of this entry is thought to be 1018 CE.
Meru is shown to be a Sanskrit female name in "Srimad-Bhagavatam [.]
Part 1" translated by A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada with contributions by Hridayananda Goswami (1972), Pages 108, 109, and 133 (https://books.google.com/books?id=FfIAAAAMAAJ).
These passages refer to a divine being, Merudevi (also spelled Maru Devi), who is wife of Nabhirai (King Nabhi).
The Srimad-Bhagavatam (aka Devi Bhagavata Purana) attributed to Veda
Vyasa is one of the eighteen great Hindu texts about legends and traditional lore. Although it's uncertain exactly when it was written, most scholars date it to between the 9th and the 14th centuries CE
This is being cited here in order to acknoweldge the use of Meru as a female name in period, not as the primary reason it should be considered as a given name. That being said, it was and still is common practice with Sanskrit and Tamil names to be directly inspired by deities, heroic figures, and mythic places.
Meru is also the name of a sacred mountain referenced in Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist literature, including the Devi Bhagavata Purana, where it is held as the centre of all the universes.
This is relevant because of Tirumala Devi (lived 1474 - 1553), the queen consort of Krishnadevaraya. Her name comes from the mountain Tirumala, which means "sacred mountain", from tiru (sacred or honorable) and mala (hill or peak). It is believed to now be located in the Tirumala Hills of Tirupati, India. It was the abode of Lord Venkateswara (an avatar of Vishnu) and originally a part of Mount Meru before it was carried to earth by Garuda.