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Outlands LoI dated 2023-09-26

From the Office of Rampart Herald

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a (Nicole Riviezzo)

[email protected]

Unto the Sovereigns and members of the College of Arms of the Society, does Khalidah bint Yahya'a, Rampart Herald send her greetings.

What follows is the September 2023 Letter of Intent for the Kingdom of the Outlands.

I would like to all of the heralds who were kind enough to contribute to internal commentary on OSCAR.

It is my intent to register this September the following items from the Outlands' College of Heralds.

1: Aífe an tSneachta - New Name (KLoI) (NP)

Meaning (Wants Aífe, does not want a byname that is the name of a real clan or a patronymic) most important.

[Aífe] is a Middle Irish Gaelic name dated 1166-73 in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (

[an tSneachta] is an undated byname found as a header in Woulfe, and is glossed 'of the snow, perhaps born in time of snow'.

The construction (an + t) can be seen with the example an tSléibhe '[of] the Mountain' and an tSuasáin [of] the Long, Uncombed Hair, found in Mari's article cited above ( The Short Annals of Tirconaill, written sometime between 1241-1650 includes the phrase An sneachta mór (relating to something about big snow). ( - SAT1613.1 - An sneachta mór - and, showing that the word for snow is found in period in the desired spelling. Assistance finding bracketing examples or better examples of this type of byname is appreciated. Mari's article has various examples of bynames indicating the circumstances of birth, including Anabaidh - "[the] Abortive" (i.e. born before his time) ( [ ] ), and an Bhogáin [of] the Shell-less Egg ("[of] the Premature Birth") ( [ ] ). And if "snows" can be considered a toponym, we have na Cairrce - [of] the Rock ( [ ] ), an Chalaidh - [of] the Shore/Port/Harbor/Haven ( [ ] ), and the example [of] the Mountain mentioned above. If this byname cannot be registered, the submitter will accept the byname Droctigh 'bridgemaker', found in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index of Names in Irish Annals" ( [ ] ), dated 752 in the raw data. It is an Old Irish Gaelic descriptive byname.

2: Algernon Blackwell - New Device (KLoI)

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 2015, via the Outlands.

Argent chape azure, an oak tree eradicated proper and in base a sword fesswise fracted azure

Moonbeam Pursuivant & Diademe found no device conflicts.

3: Alina Grace - Resub Device (KLoI)

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 1993, via Calontir.

Per fess engrailed argent and azure, a swan naiant sable and three estoiles two and one Or

Submitter's previous device, Per fess engrailed sable and azure, a swan naiant argent and three estoiles two and one Or, was returned on the March 2010 LoAR [Calontir] ( with the following: {This device is returned for using a low-contrast complex line of division. Precedent says: [Per bend sinister nebuly azure and sable, in bend a Norse sun cross argent and double rose argent and azure.] This has an unregisterable low-contrast complex line of division: "...Finally, we no longer allow combining azure and sable with a complex line of division." (Sep 1997, Returns, Trimaris, Tymm Colbert le Gard) This is one of the combinations that has been held to violate RfS VIII.3, Armorial Identifiability, even without a charge overlying it. [Katerin ferch Gwenllian, LoAR 06/2004, Middle-R]}

Moonbeam Pursuivant & Diademe found no device conflicts.

4: Annie Chaee - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Argent, six pheons in annulo points to center azure.

No holding name.
No major changes.
Spelling (last name Chaee or Chai) most important.

[Annie] is a feminine given name dated 1649 in FamilySearch: John Morrice and Annie Smith, 22 Aug 1649, Badsey, Worcester, England, batch M03975-2

[Chaee] is an English surname dated 1622 in FamilySearch: Katherine Chaee, female, 28 Apr 1622, St Margaret's, Canterbury, Kent, England, batch C01363-4

Moonbeam Pursuivant found no device conflicts.

5: Ansteys Darcy - Resub Badge (KLoI)

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2016, via the Outlands.

(Fieldless) On a rose argent, a capital letter A gules

Previous submission, (Fieldless) On a rose argent a capital letter A gules, was returned on the October 2017 LoAR ( with the following: {This badge must be returned for violation of SENA A2C1, which requires that charges be depicted in their period forms. The capital A in this submission does not match any period hand that commenters were able to identify. Upon resubmission, a period depiction of the letter should be used.}

Moonbeam Pursuivant, Palimpsest, & Diademe found no conflicts.

6: Aoife of al-Barran - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Sable, a bend azure ermined fimbriated and overall a bear sejant to sinister argent langued gules

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No holding name.

[Aoife]: Index of Names in Irish Annals: Feminine Given Names 1201 - 1600, Mari Elspeth nic Bryan <; Gaelic feminine name found in date ranges: 1151-1200 and 1201-1250

[al-Barran] is the registered name of an SCA branch

7: Beatrice Spinner - New Device (KLoI)

OSCAR finds the name on the Outlands LoI of May 28, 2023 as submitted.

Argent, a robin close to sinister maintaining a drop spindle inverted azure

Moonbeam Pursuivant, Palimpsest, & Diademe found no device conflicts.

8: Hannah de Ávila - New Alternate Name (KLoI) (NP)

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 1998, via the Outlands.

Hannah svíðin

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for Scandinavian anywhere in period, ON preferred.
Meaning (Hannah thrice scorched) most important.

Hannah: Existing registration allowance

OW Norse verb Svíða

Ref: Viking Answer Lady

Resource: CV (page 612)

referencing the use of descriptive bynames - resource "Viking bynames found in the Landnambok" - gives multiple examples of descriptive bynames

Use of scorched: Svíðu would be compounded Svíðu Hannah meaning "Hannah the singed" - This is an acceptable name to me. -svíði would be compounded Hannah svíði meaning "Hannah the burning pain" - I prefer the other form.

Ideally, the submitter would like "thrice scorched" (Þrysvar Svíða) but this has grammar issues. Svíðu is found as "scorched beam," but no examples of modifying Svíðu.

Additional documentation provided by Orle:

<Hannah> is derived from a Hebrew name and was not adopted in Old Norse.

Old Norse bynames don't get as specific as "thrice-singed". Someone who habitually got burned would be called just "singed" or "burnt" or maybe something along the lines of "clumsy" or "inattentive".

<Svíðu-> is from the verb <svíða>, "to singe, scorch, burn". It's someone who either literally or metaphorically burns other things. We want the passive construction for someone who has been singed.

After checking Finnur Jónsson's Tilnavne (also E.H. Lind Personbinamn col. 375), I think a better model would be the past participle <sviðínn>, borne by Ingólfr in Fóstbræðra saga (Flateyjarbók), 11th c., "one who has been singed or burned". The feminine is <sviðín>. That would give us <Hannah svíðin>, "Hanna the Singed".

Aspen, the submitting herald, noted on the KLoI: Submitter would accept <Hannah svíðin>. Per Aspen's comment, Kingdom updated the name. The name originally appeared on the KLoI as <Svíðu Hanna> but that was a Gold Castle typo as the name on the form is <Svíðu Hannah>

9: Haven of Aarquelle - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Azure, a sword inverted argent surmounted by a decrescent Or, and a mountain of three peaks within a bordure counterchanged argent and sable

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

[Haven] is submitter's legal given name, acceptable as per SENA PN1.B.2.e `Legal Name Allowance', as documented with a driver's license.

[Aarquelle] is a Barony in the Kingdom of the Outlands, branch name registered in March 1987 via Outlands

10: Kolfinna Eriksdottir - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Vert, on a bend sinister argent, three fir trees palewise sable, and in dexter chief a moon in her plenitude argent

Spelling (Kolfinna daughter of Eric) most important.

[Kolfinna] is found in Geirr Bassi p. 12 as a feminine given name.

Documentation for [Asta Eriksdottir] ( noted "Erik is also found in Lind sn. Eirkr (col 225) including Eriks (1294, 1320, 1397) and Erikz (1408). -dotter meaning 'daughter' is listed as a Swedish feminine form of patronymic in SENA Appendix A, Scandinavian.

Additional documentation provided by Morelle:

If the submitter wants "Kolfinna daughter of Eric" why not let them have it?

SMP vol. 5, sn. Erik

Lists in the summary at the start of the entry the genitive case examples:

Erics 1397, 1402, 1409 m.fl.[=med flera, "and several others"] 1520

And gives further examples of:

col. 725, 1440 Erik Ericsson

col. 726, 1441 Eric Ericsson j Sandeka

That could be combined with the Old Swedish feminine patronymic ending "-dottir."

Lind col. 704 sn. Kolfinna notes:

"Senare ganska sällsynt. Kolfinna Leifs d[ottir]. An VIII 1330(†).

En Kolfinna omkr. 1344 DI V 24. En K[olfinna]. Loptz d[ottir]. från senare delen av 1300-t. skriven a. -u DI III 685.

Ett enda norskt fall: K[olfinna]. Saluad[otter]. DN IV 6112 (Lyngdal 1429)."

[Quite rare later on.

Kolfinna Leifs dottir, died 1330, Iceland.

A Kolfinna circa 1344, Iceland.

A Kolfinna Loptz dottir, from the latter part of the 14th century, written in the accusative as Kolfinnu. Iceland.

A single Norwegian case: Kolfinna. Saluadotter, Lyngdal, Norway, 1429.]

While both Kolfinna and Ericsdottir are plausible names in the 14th century, they're not found in the same Scandinavian language. So the name Kolfinna Ericsdottir is registerable.

Moonbeam Pursuivant, Palimpsest, & Diademe found no device conflicts.

11: Marisse de Bourgogne - New Device (KLoI)

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2019, via the Outlands.

Argent a pegasus segreant sable and on a point pointed purpure a chamfron argent

Moonbeam Pursuivant & Palimpsest found no device conflicts.

12: Muirenn an Liath - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Per bend sinister sable and azure, a seal salient argent

Client requests authenticity for 10th-century Ireland.
Meaning (Muirenn the Gray) most important.

[Muirenn] - a feminine given name found in Index of Names in Irish Annals: Muirenn by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan

[an] - Irish Gaelic for "the." Used to create "[personal name] the [descriptive]" names, such as an Einigh ("the Hospitable") - Mairgreicce an Einigh Uí Chearbhaill.

[Liath]: Irish surname found in Woulfe (App H), p302, dated to 1322. Meaning: "gray" ( The submitter wants the name "Muirenn the Gray," rendered in Irish Gaelic. While there is no documentation of "an Liath," there is documentation of "an [descriptive]" in period names, as well as the use of Liath, "gray." Mihriban bint Rüstem did the submission under the guidance of Thomas Haworth.

Additional Documentation by Ogress:

The marker an isn't necessary here. Liath by itself means "the Gray".

Confirmed the documentation. Addressing the authenticity request:

Muirenn is dated to the 10th century in Mari's "Index" with specific Annals dates of 916, 917, 918, 962, 964, 972, 977, 979.

Mari's "Index" only gives a date of 1322 for Liath, however.

The word líath, meaning "grey-haired, aged" is found referring to persons in the Martyrology of Oengus per eDil s.v. líath ( Oengus of Culdee, to whom the Martyrology is attributed, flourished in the 1st quarter of the 9th century (

Muirenn is also found in the 9th century per Mari's "Index", so this could be authentic for the 9th century, but probably not as late as the 10th without more research. I found no conflicts.

Ragged Staff notes: In checking usages, the last registration of Liath as a name did not have the marker |an|.

Palimpsest & Diademe found no device conflicts.

13: Nicolae Rares - New Device (KLoI)

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 2019, via the Outlands.

Per chevron sable and argent, a bear contourny salient gules

This is a resubmission of a device returned by the Outlands that appears on the Outlands internal letter dated 2019-08-31, [and appears on the Outlands' Letter of Return:]. In the four years since this device was returned, the rules regarding conflict have changed. The previous conflict, Elfarch Myddfai (April 1989 via the West): Or, a bear legged of an eagle's legs rampant to sinister gules, is no longer a conflict due to the SC for complete change of field.

Moonbeam Pursuivant, Palimpsest, & Diademe found no device conflicts.

14: Rosemunda Tucher - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Per pale Or and gules, a domestic cat rampant sable, maintaining under its dexter hindpaw a clew of yarn gules

No holding name.
Spelling (the name Rosemunda) most important.

[Rosemunda] and [Tucher] are both found in the Family Search Historical Records:

Rosemunda Hurste, Female, 11 Feb 1570, Almondbury, York, England, batch Almondbury, York, England, batch C01712-2

Jane Tucher, Female, 18 May 1615, Hugglescote and Donnington, Leicester, England, batch C03453-1

Moonbeam Pursuivant & Diademe found no device conflicts.

15: Vyncent Guy Dafydd - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Per fess purpure and checky Or and azure, a stagbeetle volant en arriere argent maintaining in each foreleg a flywhisk handled Or and brushed argent, in chevron a decrescent between two mullets of eight points Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language/Culture most important.

[Vyncent]: Masculine name found in Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources Early Modern English

1530 Vincent LIWill-III p. 47; 1569 Vyncent SurMus II; 1586 Vincent

[Guy]: same source Anglo-French

1245-1250[1586] Guy Glover 158 Burgess

[Dafydd]: Same source found under David Welsh source 1360 Dafydd (nom) ArchCambIII p. 165;

Better Documented/Written up by Ragged Staff:

Vyncent is a masculine English given name found in the DMNES dated to 1569 in this spelling.

Guy is a masculine English given name found in the DMNES dated to 1580 in this spelling. Per SENA Appendix A for English, double given names are documented for later period English.

Dafydd is a masculine Welsh spelling of David being used as an unmarked patronymic and found in the DMNES dated to 1360. Submitter prefers to omit the |ap| marker before the name.

The Didarganj Yakshi - Khan Academy - By Vaishnavi Patil discusses the Didarganj Yakshi statue from the 3rd century BCE, which depicts a woman holding a fly whisk. [ ] Fly whisks are attributes of several Hindu, Jain, Daoist and Buddhist deities and seen as a royal status symbol in many African kingdoms.

The Art of Heraldry by Arthur Charles Fox-Davies gives several examples of stag beetles in period heraldry.

Moonbeam Pursuivant found no device conflicts.

Thus ends the September 2023 Letter of Intent for the Kingdom of the Outlands.

In Service,

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a

Rampart Herald

OSCAR counts 8 New Names, 1 New Alternate Name and 11 New Devices. These 20 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $80 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Device and 1 Resub Badge. These 2 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 22 items submitted on this letter.

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