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Avacal LoI dated 2023-07-30

We received 7 submissions. We would like to thank Lilie Dubh inghean ui Mordha, Kallinikos Gavras, Arwyn of Leicester, Jeanne Marie Lacroix, Gunnvor silfraharr, ffride wlffsdotter, and Juetta Copin for commentary.

1: Alexios Mavros - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Or, an polypus gules and a chief sable.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language/Culture (10th century (give or take) Byzantine) most important.

Alexios is a Byzantine masculine given name dated to the 11th century and found in Personal Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine Era - Masculine Given Names, by Bardas Xiphias

Mavros is a Byzantine given name we wish to use as a patronymic found in Early 14th C. Byzantine Names of Macedonia, by Maridonna Benvenuti

Thank you to Lilie Dubh inghean ui Mordha for the better write up and research.

Thanks to Kallinikos Gavras for documenting "However, I did find this record of a 9th century monk named Antonios, who was known by Mavros as a nickname. I believe this is sufficient evidence to justify it as a byname.

2: Jacinda of Valley Wold - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Per bend sinister purpure and vert, two double-pointed knitting needles in saltire Or, in chief a daisy proper.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound most important.

Jacinda in a book dated to 1518 published in Spain - - see attached image.

of Valley Wold is a branch name registered in July 1991 via An Tir.

Thankyou Lilie Dubh inghean ui Mordha for the documentation.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:

3: Robert Boniface - New Name (KLoI) (NP) & New Device (KLoI)

Argent, a red-winged blackbird proper perched on a wooden bow bend sinister string to base proper.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound most important.
Language/Culture (Late period French/English) most important.
Spelling most important.

Robert is a masculine English given name found in the DNMES dated to 1558 -

Boniface is a masculine English given name being used as an unmarked patronymic and found in An Index to the 1332 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Lincolnshire, England: Masculine Given Names (sorted Alphabetically) by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada -

Thomas Boniface; Male; Marriage; 17 Jun 1593; Woodmancote Near Hurstpierpoint, Sussex, England; Batch: M07133-1 (

An Boniface; Female; Marriage; 18 Oct 1596; Bramshot, Hampshire, England; Batch: M13658-1 (; Marye Boniface; Female; Christening; 22 Jan 1587; Preston, Sussex, England; Batch: P01398-1 (

Margaret Boniface; Female; Christening; 1 Nov 1553; Preston, Sussex, England; Batch: P01398-1 (

Thankyou Lilie Dubh inghean ui Mordha and Alys Mackyntoich for the better write up and additional research.

From Commentary to support a constructed charge of the bird type:

The red-winged blackbird has personal significance to the submitter and he wishes to have this specific bird portrayed on his arms.

The submitter and consulting herald recognize that this is a bird that is native to North America and not found in Europe.

However, this bird is so very common and widespread in its distribution that any resident or visitor to the continent would likely have encountered it. The Audubon Society Field Guide on line shows that the bird's range covers almost all of the continent south of the Arctic Circle. (accessed 22 May, 2023)

Unfortunately neither of us is able to find any English language references that date to any period prior to 1600.

It is highly unlikely that they were not known to the Indigenous people of North America, however, all of the references to First Nations Legends about the Red-winged Blackbird found when searching for information ended up being traced back to a book written at the start of the 20th century.

Katharine Berry Judson: "Myths and Legends of the Mississippi Valley and the Great Lakes". Chicago, A. C. McCLURG & CO. 1914

This book is in the public domain, and can be accessed on the Project Gutenberg website: (Accessed 22 May, 2023).

Several First Nations Languages have the red-winged blackbird specifically labelled, showing that they were known by different people. Some examples:

Anishnaabe: From a CBC news article: Bird names being collected by Joe Pitawanakwat include the red-winged blackbird.


(Accessed 23 May, 2023)

Coast Salish From the publication: "A Intermediate Course in Colville-Okanagan Salish" by Sʕ ʔ (Sarah Peterson) with LaRae Wiley and Christopher Parkin Second Edition, Version 2

Found online at: (Accessed 22 May 2023).

Chipweyan and Cree words for the red-winged blackbird are recorded in "Short papers and Notes" (page 170) Published online by the University of Calgary (Accessed 23 May 2023).

There is evidence of red-winged blackbird skeletons in a Sioux midden in a village occupied from 1000 to 1500 CE. They found 46 elements, representing at least 15 individual birds (p. 211). Reference: J. Hill Harom, "Bird Remains from a Sioux Indian Midden," Plains Anthropologist, Vol. 6, No. 13 (August, 1961), pp. 208-212, That is sufficient to show that the bird was known to period people and allow its registration without a step from period practice. (Researched by Jeanne Marie Lacroix)

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:

4: Signe Smidt - New Name (KLoI) (NP)

Sound most important.
Spelling most important.

We can really simplify this for the given name:

Danmarks gamle personnavne. Vol. I, Fornavne, col. 1225 sn. Sighni

1467 Sygne Jepps d[atter] Swennings.

1488 Signe.

1610 Signe Per Rings.

Danmarks gamle personnavne. Vol. II, Tilnavne, col. 1020 sn. Smith, only seems to have one example (that I can spot) of a feminine example:

1418 - Katherina Smidhz konæ [Katherine, wife of a man with the byname Smidh.]

Volume 1 col. 1263 sn. Smith (ie. being treated as a given name), has:

ca 1420 Inghe Smits

1436 Thyri Smits[dotter]

I think what we're seeing is a marital byname, where the woman is referred to with a possessive form of her husband's byname.

The source for Inghe Smits, Danmarks Gilde- og Lavsskraaer fra Middelalderen [The Guild- and Law-statutes from medieval Denmark] has similarly-constructed names from the same manuscript as Inghe, from Flemsborg:

Elyn Remensnyders (I'd wager this influenced by German "Riemenschneider" a belt or strap-maker), Ghrete Gh{ue}mphouwers, Dorethye Tralows, Margrete Rudebekes, etc.

Nikola Kunz, "Smidt," in: Digitales Familiennamenwörterbuch Deutschlands, URL: < has:

Kersten Smidt, 1501, Madgeburg.

SENA Appendix A notes that women were recorded with unmodified bynames, so a Danish-German "Signe Smidt" seems registerable.

(Thankyou ffride wlffsdotter for the write up and additional research)

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:


Avacal College of Heralds

OSCAR counts 4 New Names and 3 New Devices. These 7 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $28 for them. There are a total of 7 items submitted on this letter.

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