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East LoI dated 2019-12-31

Greetings unto the heralds of the East Kingdom and the Known World! We thank you for your commentary, and recommend the following items for your attention.

This letter includes submissions from Pennsic, as well as things received in August. Please note that the scanning may not show purples, blacks and browns well for Pennsic submissions, but the color-corrected version should make it clear which tincture is intended.

I would like to extend my sincere gratitude to all of the Pennsic volunteer consulting heralds, heraldic artists, and the industrious coloring squad, without whom those submissions would not be possible. This year we had volunteers as young as 10 years old, as well as someone celebrating their golden jubilee (50 years) of SCA involvement.

If Muirenn Blue Tyger consulted on any submissions on this letter, decisions were made by Lilie Pantheon and Sláine Diademe.

1: Antonio Giancarlo Nicastri - New Name & New Device

Argent, on a cross between four fleurs-de-lys sable a lion argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

Antonio is a masculine Italian given name found in Names from Sixteenth Century Venice by Juliana de Luna https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html

Giancarlo is a masculine Italian given name found in the Il Quarto Libro de Lettere Di M. Pietro Aretino, published in 1550, copy here from 1609. https://books.google.com/books?id=hEWx7fY0ibgC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Il+Quarto+Libro+de+Lettere+Di+ M.+Pietro+Aretino&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjrparUlPzkAhWBc98KHV8cD04Q6AEwAXoECAIQAg#v=onepage&q=Gianca rlo&f=false

Nicastri is an Italian patronymic byname found three times in Il Regno di Napoli Diviso in Dodici Provincie, published in 1609, copy here from 1618. https://books.google.com/books?id=5WRYAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA212&dq=il+regno+di+napoli+in+dodici+provincie&hl =en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj5rP23lvzkAhWMct8KHW_ECcUQ6AEwBHoECAcQAg#v=onepage&q=Nicastri&f=false

This name follows the pattern set out in SENA Appendix A for later period Italian of given + given + unmarked patronymic.


2: Ástríðr Bjarnardóttir - New Name & New Device

Purpure, a skull and in chief two crescents argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language most important.
Culture (Viking Age Scandinavia) most important.

Ástríðr and Bjǫrn are both found in Geir Bassi, p 8. Both are marked as Landnamabok.

The patronymic byname is formed according to Geirr Bassi, pp 17-18.


3: Brian Woods Walker - New Name & New Device

Argent, on a cross nowy between four oak leaves vert five oak leaves argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Brian is a masculine given name found in Index of Names in Irish Annals: Brian by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan. The name is found 45 times between the years 925 and 1582. http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Brian.shtml

Woods is a byname found in the Family Search records as Thomas Woods, christened 11 March 1594, Claypole, Lincoln, England, batch # C02751-2 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NYV1-PZ3

Walker is a byname found in Reaney and Wilson, sn Walker, with Robert le Walker dated to 1260. Use of the marker <le> can be dropped per precedent.

SENA Appendix A shows the construction of given + byname + byname for English. SENA Appendix C shows that you can combine Irish Gaelic with English in later period

Originally submitted as Brian of Centre Downe, the byname could not be documented. The submitter approved the change to Brian Woods Walker.

There is an SFPP for use of a cross nowy.


4: Casimir Ottersson - New Name

No major changes.
Sound (Kaz-meer Otter-son) most important.

Casimir is found as a second given name in 1600 Germany in the Family Search Historical Records. Ludwig Casimir Kugler was married on 02 Jun 1600 in Evangelisch, Boennigheim, Neckarkreis, Wuerttemberg; BATCH M95430-3 https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VCY7-DGH

Otter is a header form in R&W, who give one of its origins as a given name (derived from Old Norse Ottarr). It is dated as a given name as Otre 1066 and as a byname as Oter 1185. The apparent unmarked patronymics Oter and Ottyr are also found in the MED, dated between c1200-c1444(c1250) and c1460, respectively. The spelling Otter is a reasonable interpolation.

The pattern of given name in the genitive + son is found in the introduction to R&W, with the examples Helewisson, Heliotesson, Diksson, citing the 1332 Cumberland Subsidy Roll.

German given names can be borrowed into English in the 16th century by precedent [Feb 2015 Cover Letter], making this name wholly English.

Ottersson can also be documented as a Scandinavian byname:

SMP vol. 2, col. 190 sn. Asmund

Asmundh Ottersson, 1483

also, Lind Supplementband, col. 657 sn. Ottarr

Andres Ottersson, 1512

SENA Appendix C says German and Scandinavian names can be mixed.


5: Ceolwenne wyrhte - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2015, via the East.

Per pale argent and gules, two domestic cats salient respectant maintaining between them a triquetra interlaced with an annulet counterchanged

There were concerns during commentary that the charges were not drawn large enough to properly fill the space. The submitter has approved new artwork to be used for the Society letter.


6: Conor Ó Ceallaigh - New Badge

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Conor ? Ceallaigh in January of 1994, via the East.

Or, in saltire an arrow inverted and a grozing iron sable


7: Etain Clough - New Name & New Device

Argent, a sprig of oak bendwise vert fructed proper and on a chief azure two greyhound's heads couped argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No holding name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for language/culture.
Language (Welsh-Irish) most important.
Culture (Welsh-Irish) most important.

Etain is an Irish Gaelic feminine name, found in Index of Names in Irish Annals: Étaín / Éadaoin by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan. https://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Etain.shtml.

Clough is an English surname; R&W s.n. Clough dates Roger Clough to 1279.

Gaelic and English can be combined under the standards of Appendix C.

The submitter had requested the spelling Etaine, but we have no evidence of additions of |e| on the end of a name as an alternate spelling in Gaelic. The submitter allows for minor changes, so we have changed the submitted name to match the documentable spelling, and ask for assistance from Society commenters in documenting the requested spelling.

Submitter seeks authenticity for language/culture. While this name is not wholly authentic for either listed (Welsh/Irish), it is still potentially registrable in the current form.


8: Gaius Arius Iustus - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.

All items are found in A Simple Guide to Imperial Roman Names (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/roman.html) by Ursula Georges

Gaius is a praenomen

Arius is a nomen

Iustus is a cognomen

The construction praenomen + nomen + cognomen is also found in the above article.


9: Gelgeis ingen Áedáin - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (wants to sound like Gelgeis; would prefer to keep same spelling) most important.

Gelgéis is found as a feminine given name dated to 654 in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index of Names in Irish Annals" http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Gelgeis.shtml

Áedán is found in the same source as a masculine given name http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Aedan.shtml.

Áedáin is the genitive form for before 1200. Dates range from 505 to 949, including 651.

Construction is documented from Sharon Krossa "Quick and Easy Gaelic names" (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/)

No evidence has been found at the kingdom level to support the submitter's request for the spelling <inghean> for the patronmyic marker. This spelling is used exclusively to form patronymics with names that are dated to 1200 and later, as found in Quick and Easy Gaelic Names by Sharon L. Krossa (https://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#spelling). Áedán is only found pre-1000. We ask the assistance of Society commenters in documenting a form of the byname that might allow for the submitter's requested spelling.


10: Grigorii Dobryi - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (Byname meaning kind, polite, or accomodating) most important.

Grigorii is a male given name and header spelling on page 107 of Wickenden 3rd edition, dated 1375.

Dobryi is found on page 70 the same source dated to 1136 as a byname, as a variant of Dobroi, listed with meaning of "good".

Submitter wants an adjectival byname that means "kind" "polite" or "accommodating" (both names playing on the word "gregarious"), and is willing to allow changes that get the meaning he desires. He does not want an explicit patronymic, but an adjectival byname.


11: Gunnbjorn Úlfkelsson - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Spelling (If accents need to be added to the personal name the submitter approves that) most important.

Gunnbjorn is a masculine personal name found in GB p. 10 s.n. Gunnbjorn.

Úlfkel is a masculine personal name found in GB p. 15 s.n. Úlfkell.

Úlfkelsson is a patronymic formed according to the rules found in GB p. 17-18.

Since the submitter allows all changes, we have adjusted the spelling of the patronymic to match the expected genitive.


12: Häbla Čjudka - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for later period Finnish.
Language (Finnish) most important.
Culture (Finnish) most important.

Häbla is a feminine Finnish given name found in Vanhat nimityyppimme (Finnish Names) by Rouva Vanhat https://heraldry.sca.org/names/FinnishNamesArticle.htm The article dates the name to 1561, sn Hebla.

Ĉjudka is a Finnish byname meaning 'of the Chudes' and dated to 1360-80 and found in the article by ffride wilfsdotter (Rebecca Lucas) "Names of Finns from the Birchbark Letters of Novgorod the Great, Pskov, and Staraya Russa" https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ffride/finnbirch.html


13: Hans der Vogeljäger - New Name & New Device

Azure, a cross patty and a chief embattled Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (bird-hunter) most important.

Hans is a given name in "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/nurnberg1497.html). Hans in that spelling has 155 occurrences from Nurnberg, 1016 occurrences from surrounding cities.

Vogeljäger is a constructed occupational byname in the form of [animal]-jäger ( = `hunter'). Attested similar examples are as follows:

  • Theodoricus Hasenjäger ( = `hare-hunter'), 1389 (Brechenmacher, Joseph Karlmann (1957:661) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der Deutschen Familiennamen. Berlin: C.A. Starke Verlag.)
  • Ludekinus Huneriegher ( = `hen-hunter'), 1365 (Brechenmacher, Joseph Karlmann (1957) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der Deutschen Familiennamen. Berlin: C.A. Starke Verlag.)

Vogel (Bird) as a prototheme is found in "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/nurnberg1497.html): Vogelgesangk (1) `bird-song'; Vogelgsangk (1) `bird-song'; Vogelhoffer (7) `bird-courtier (?)'; Vogelsamer (1) `bird-seeder'

Only two examples of [animal + jäger] were provided, and no additional ones were found during kingdom commentary. We ask the assistance of Society commenters in providing additional examples to support this construction.

This submission is accompanied by permission to conflict:

I, <name redacted>, known in the SCA as Johanna aff Hucka, give <name redacted>, known in the SCA as Hans der Vogeljager, permission for their armory "Azure, a cross patee Or, an embattled chief Or" to look similar but not identical to my armory "Azure, a cross formy within and conjoined to an annulet Or".

I understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once their armory is registered.

It is signed and dated April 13, 2019


14: Ingríðr Askasmiðr Magnúsdottir - New Name & New Device

Per chevron inverted gules and vert, a shrew rampant maintaining a thyrsus Or

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (shipwright, Magnus' daughter) most important.

Ingríðr is a feminine given name from GB p. 12 from the Landnamabok with 2 occurrences

Askasmiðr is a descriptive name from GB p. 19 meaning "shipwright"

Magnúsdottir is a patronymic byname constructed from Magnús found in GB p. 13

Pattern given+descriptive+byname according to SENA Appendix A

There was concern during commentary that the staff was not recognizable as a rod of Bacchus or thyrsus. The submitter has approved new artwork to be used for the Society letter.


15: Iuliana Angelina - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2008, via the East.

(Fieldless) A squirrel vert maintaining an acorn Or


16: Jennet Eva O'Loghlan - New Device Change

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Jennet Eva O'Loghlan in January of 2017, via the East.

Per fess wavy gules and azure, in saltire a spear and a pike embowed argent

Old Item: Gules, a ram's head cabossed between three mullets of four points argent, to be released.


17: Kara Njalsdottir - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (Old Norse) most important.
Culture (Old Norse) most important.

Kára is a feminine personal name found in GB pp. 12.

Njáll is a masculine personal name found in GB p. 13 s.n. Njáll.

Njállsdottir is a patronymic formed according to the rules found in GB p. 17.

Submitter prefers to drop all diacritical marks.

Submitter will allow adding a word like "the" or "de", or changing language if the change is small.


18: Kirsa Oyutai - Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2014, via the East.

(Fieldless) A spearhead per pale Or and azure

The submitter's previous badge "(Fieldless) An arrowhead per pale Or and azure." was returned on the Nov 2015 LOAR for conflict with the badge of England:(Tinctureless) A pheon. There is only one DC for the tincturelessness of the English badge.

This is a similar design, but per precedence there is a difference between a spearhead and a pheon.

"Given the gross changes in outline between a spearhead and a standard heraldic pheon or broad arrow, we do not see calling conflict between this and any of several pieces of armory with pheons inverted." (LoAR 10/90 p.10).


19: Lillian Hutchinson - New Name & New Device

Azure, a phoenix argent rising from flames proper, on a chief argent three lilies azure

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Spelling (Spelling of Lillian most important) most important.

Lillian is a feminine given name from Withycombe, 3rd edition, p. 196 s.n. Lil(l)ian; listed which states the spelled name "probably originated as pet-forms of Elizabeth ... Lillian is found as a christian name in England in the 16th C".

Lillian is also found on FamilySearch.org Lillian Cutloue, married 19 Sept 1598, batch M00616-1. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NLDX-QL6

Hutchinson is found on FamilySearch.org. John Hutchinson, 1 Jan 1583 St Giles, Cripplegate, London, England. Batch C02243-1 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NYFS-P3P

Note that these flames are the more modern form, which were recently ruled unregistrable in the September 2019 cover letter (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2019/09/19-09cl.html#2). This external submission letter falls before the stated cutoff date for this depiction of flames.


20: Magnus Wolfhunte - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2004, via the East.

(Fieldless) A fer-a-loup counter-ermine


21: Ǫzurr Styrbjarnarson - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of June 30, 2019 as submitted.

Argent, a bend gules and overall a sun azure

There was commentary at the kingdom level that the sun was not properly overall to the bend. The submitter has approved new artwork to be used for the Society letter.


22: Rodrigo Medina de la Mar - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Spanish) most important.
Culture (Spanish) most important.

Rodrigo is a Spanish masculine given name appearing 59 times in "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century" by Juliana de Luna http://heraldry.sca.org/names/isabella/MensGivenAlpha.html

The locative byname de Medina appears in the same article.

It appears to have eventually been used as an unmarked surname, based on Family Search:

de la Mar appears as a locative surname in Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century by Juliana de Luna http://heraldry.sca.org/names/isabella/locative.html

Pattern given+byname+locative according to SENA Appendix A


23: Scolastica Capellarius - New Name & New Device

Per bend sinister gules and azure, a bow reversed with an arrow nocked and a unicorn couchant regardant contourny argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning most important.

Consulting Herald: Maryna Borowska

Scolastica is a feminine given name dated to1 195, 1207, 1221, 1316 found in Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames: Scholastica, by Talan Gwynek https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/reaney.cgi?Scholastica

Capellarius is a Latin byname dated to 1267 meaning hatter, capper, found in 12th & 13th Century English Textile Surnames, by Aryanhwy merch Catmael https://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/textile.html


24: Úlfr Bárðarson - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound most important.

Úlfr is a masculine Norse given name found in GB, p. 15

Barðr is a masculine Norse given name found in GB, p. 8

Barðsson is formed using the rules given in "The Formation of Patronymics and Matronymics." p 17-18

The expected genitive for Bárðr is Bárðar, making the patronymic Bárðarson. As the submitter allows for minor changes, we have adjusted the spelling accordingly.


25: Zofiya Jodurqin - New Name & New Device

Per bend sable and gules, a Bactrian camel statant Or maintaining under its front hoof a wolf's head cabossed argent, a base rayonny Or

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning (meaning: stubborn, obstinate, dignified) most important.

The submitter formerly submitted Zofiya Jodurgin, but it was lost by the consulting herald. Therefore, this is being processed as a new submission.

The submitter stated that she would prefer Zofiya if it can be found, and documentation was provided by ffride wlffsdotter at the kingdom level. We have adjusted this submission accordingly.

Zofiya is found in "16th and early 17th C. feminine names from Lithuanian records" by ffride wlffsdotter:

Zofīia (Зоѳия) and Zofīia (Зофия)

(https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ffride/lithuanianwomenasmenv.html)

The British Standard 2979:1958 for romanising Russian would spell those names as Zoḟiya and Zofiya, respectively.

See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanization_of_Russian

Ruthenian should be a member of the East Slavic group, and thus compatible with Monglolian in name formation.

Jodurqin is intended as a Mongolian descriptive meaning something like 'stubborn, dignified, tough' formed from the term dojir (http://linguamongolia.com, index number 5633), with the addition of the suffix -qin/-jin 'of', found in "On the Documentation and Construction of Period Mongolian Names" by Baras-aghur Naran (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongol.html).

Marta as tu Mika-Myliwy "Mongolian Naming Practices" (https://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongolian_names_marta.html) states: "Use of a a Mongolian dictionary will help in constructing a purely Mongolian descriptive name or in finding appropriate to modify a given name."

The dictionary at linguamongolia.com Item Number 7 gives Index Number 5633 transliteration döjir Word Class adj. Definition: tough, stubborn, obstinate, extremely lazy. Submitter believes that jodur is a variant of this word.

Assistance documenting this term or something similar in period is appreciated.

Russian/East Slavic and Mongolian can be combined within 300 years per Appendix C of SENA.


Yours in service,

Muirenn Blue Tyger


OSCAR counts 18 New Names, 10 New Devices, 1 New Device Change and 4 New Badges. These 33 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $132 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Badge. This item is not chargeable. There are a total of 34 items submitted on this letter.

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