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East LoI dated 2019-10-31

Greetings unto the heralds of the East Kingdom and the Known World! We thank you for your commentary, and recommend the following items for your attention.

This letter includes submissions from Pennsic. Please note that the scanning may not show purples and browns well, but the color-corrected version should make it clear which tincture is intended.

I would like to extend my sincere gratitude to all of the volunteer consulting heralds, heraldic artists, and the industrious coloring squad, without whom Pennsic submissions would not be possible. This year we had volunteers as young as 10 years old, as well as someone celebrating their golden jubilee (50 years) of SCA involvement.

If Muirenn Blue Tyger consulted on any submissions on this letter, decisions were made by Lilie Pantheon and Sláine Diademe.

1: Ælfric fitz Hugh - New Device

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as ?lfric fitz Hugh in May of 2014, via the East.

Azure, on a pall Or three puffins contourny proper

2: Akamatsu Katsumoto - New Household Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2014, via the East.

Fellowship of the Golden Punner

(Fieldless) A punner bendwise sinister Or

No major changes.
Meaning (Golden Punner is the important element) most important.

Fellowship is an approved designator for households. The spelling can be found as early as 1375, OED mini edition p 1172.

Golden is the alternate word for |Or| as a heraldic color. It is found in this spelling in the Middle English Dictionary ( for example: (a1398) * Trev. Barth.(Add 27944) 198b/a: Þe colour þerof is demed golden by day and fyry by night.

A Punner is a heraldic charge. From the Pic Dic 3rd Ed. A punner is a type of pile-driver, used to tamp and harden the dirt (e.g., around a fence post); the term is the English translation of Rammbock, the German name for the charge. It's a period charge, found in the arms of von Auffhaim or von Aufheim, c.1450 [Scheibler 297], and of von Lintzer, mid-16th C. [NW 32]. The punner is palewise by default.

This household name follows the Inn Sign pattern of "color + other heraldic charge," from Alys Mackyntoich's "A Simple Guide to Household Names"

3: Alessandra Serena Renda of Gibellina - New Name

Sound (sound of Alessandra) most important.

Alessandra and Serena are found in "Italian Renaissance Women's Names" by Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor Vale as feminine given names.

Renda Joanne de Renda appears to be cited as a 15th c. name in Francesco Giunta, Dossier inquisizione in Sicilia: l'organigramma del Sant'Uffizio a metà del Cinquecento. Any assistance the College of Arms in tracing this name would be appreciated.

The "famiglia Renda" appears in url:Biblioteca universale sacro-profana, antico-moderna, in cui si ..., Volume 4 p. 301-302. url: =ET7A0ALtPF&sig=ACfU3U2ww3W0I_xlTpubNw82F_mCv0dTfA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjEi4up_-TjAhXpT98KHU9eDcwQ 6AEwEnoECAQQAQ#v=onepage&q=giovanni%20renda%2014&f=false

This dates the family to the 14th-15th century. If the College of Arms cannot document the name to period, submitter will accept dropping the name element 'Renda'.

Gibellina Sicily is found in period maps: Mercator, 1613:

We are using the Lingua Anglica allowance for the locative byname 'of Gibellina'.

SENA Appendix A indicates that double given names are permissible in Italian, along with family name and a locative byname.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:

4: Alexander Krause - New Name & New Device

Quarterly sable and purpure, a bear rampant contourny maintaining in its mouth a rose slipped and leaved argent

Language (German) most important.
Culture (German) most important.

Alexander is a male German given name found in the Family Search records under Alexander Ehrber, Buried 17 Aug 1597; Hohenacker, Württemberg, Germany Batch # B00453-0

Krause is a German surname found in the Family Search records under the record of marriage for Johan Krause, 16 Oct 1580, Stadtpfarrei Evangelisch, Darmstadt, Starkenburg, Hesse-Darmstadt; Batch # M93199-1

There is an SFPP for the use of a garden rose.

At the present size, the maintained rose is somewhat difficult to identify. We believe that an artist's note is sufficient, to advise the submitter to draw both the bear and the rose larger to better fill the available space.

5: Alexandre l'Espagnol d'Orlienz - New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Gules vêtu checky gules and argent, a sinister wing with a hand issuant maintaining a sword ermine

Submitter's name was changed to Alexandre l'Espagnol d'Orlienz on the July 2019 LoAR (

6: Brenna Makehayt - New Name & New Device

Per pale vert and azure, a triquetra between three natural dolphins in annulo argent

No major changes.
Sound (Bren-na or Bryn-na) most important.

Brenna is a late period English surname found in Family Search under Aaron Brenna, christened 13 Jan 1568, Saint Matthew, Ipswich, Suffolk, England, Batch: P01277-1.

16th-17th C English surnames can be used as given names by precedent [Alton of Grimfells, April 2010, A-East].

Makehayt is an English descriptive byname dated 1335, found in Jönsjö, s.n. Makehayt.

There is an SFPP for creatures in annulo not in their default orientation.

7: Catiana de Vennes - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2016, via Trimaris.

Argent, three Lacy knots azure

A question was raised during kingdom commentary whether a Lacy knot has a DC from three annulets conjoined, referencing

Elizabeth Bakere

The following device associated with this name was registered in June of 2015 (via the Outlands): Argent, three sets of three annulets interlaced two and one azure.

Iago ab Adam researched the matter, and while we have considered conjoined annulets to be a type of knot for conflict purposes in the past, we also grant differences between certain different types of knots. Given that the current submission has four-way symmetry and three annulets conjoned have a three-way symmetry, we believe that there would be an SC for type between three annulets interlaced and a Lacy knot.

[Considering four annulets interlaced in cross ] This conflicts with Eilis ni Roibeard O'Boirne, (Tinctureless) A quatrefoil knot. There is one CD for the field, but nothing for tincture against tinctureless armory and nothing for the difference in the knots. [Aleksina Dominova Bystrycha. December 1996 via Atenveldt]


[Considering five annulets interlaced in saltire] This conflicts with Bowen (important non­ SCA badge) (Tinctureless) a Bowen knot, with one CD for the change to the field. [Corwin de Harfleur. July 1997 via Atenveldt]

8: Conchobar mac Óengusa - New Badge

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Conchobar mac ?engusa in February of 2017, via the East.

Per bend vert and azure, on a wolf salient argent charged with a pearled coronet sable

This submission is to be associated with Conchobar mac Óengusa

Submitter was made a Baron 9/9/2017:

9: East, Kingdom of the - Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973, .

Azure, a covered salt cellar shedding salt within an orle argent

This submission is to be associated with Company of Fellowship

This badge was returned on the January 2017 LoAR:

Badge for Company of Fellowship. Azure, a covered saltcellar shedding salt and an orle argent.

Unfortunately, this badge conflicts with the badge of Arwa al-Jinniyya: Azure, a covered saltcellar shedding salt, a bordure argent. There is only one DC for changing the type of peripheral secondary.

Permission to conflict has been obtained.

I, (Redacted) known in the SCA as Arwa al-Jinniyya give the Kingdom of the East permission for their armory, Azure, a salt cellar shedding salt within an orle Argent to be similar to, but not identical to, my armory Azure, a covered salt cellar shedding salt within a bordure Argent. I understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once the submitted armory is registered.

Signed (Redacted) Date 08/04/2019

10: Elena Di Cosimo - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in April of 2010, via the East.

Old Item: Madelaine de Mortaigne, to be retained as an alternate name.
No major changes.
Spelling (Elena Di Cosimo) most important.

Elena is a feminine given name found in "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice", by Juliana de Luna (

di Cosimo is the patronymic form of Cosimo, which is found in "Italian Names from the Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (

Construction is (given + patronymic) as per Italian names in SENA Appendix A.

11: Eógan rauðskeggr - New Name

No major changes.
Meaning (byname meaning redbeard) most important.

Consulting Herald: Lilie Dubh Pantheon

Eógan is a masculine given name dated to 981 found in Index of Names in Irish Annals: Eógan / Eoghan by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan http:/

rauðskeggr is a Norse byname meaning 'red beard' found in Geirr Bassi p 26. It is a Landnamabok name making it used 9th to 11th centuries.

Per SENA Appendix C Gaelic and Norse elements can be combined before 1100.

12: Galefridus Peregrinus - New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2006, via the East.

Abu Maryam Ja'far ibn Binyam al-Hajj

No major changes.
Language (Arabic) most important.
Culture (Middle Eastern) most important.
Meaning (al-Hajj (the pilgrim)) most important.

Abu Maryam is found in "Son of the Hot-Tempered Woman": Women's Names in Arabic Bynames" Juliana de Luna, 2011 (

Ja'far is a masculine ism in "Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices" by Da'ud ibn Auda.

ibn Binyam is a nasab. Binyam is dated as a masculine given name to approx 1100 CE according to Shelomo Goitein, _A Mediterranean society: the Jewish communities of the Arab world as portrayed in the documents of the Cairo Genizah_, volume 4 vol. 4, p. 448, footnote 19 (Goitein).

al-Hajj is a nisba (descriptive byname) listed in "Arabic Names from al-Andalus," by Juliana de Luna, (

This name follows the pattern Kunya - Ism - Nasab - Nisba, as found in Period Arabic Names And Naming Practices by Da'ud ibn Auda (David B. Appleton) (

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:

13: Giles William Trout - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 1993, via the East.

Azure, a trout naiant embowed Or, in base two swords in saltire argent

14: Guðþorn inn irski - New Name & New Device

Per pale vert and argent, a stag's head affronty erased and a chaplet of thorns counterchanged, a bordure sable

No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for 9-10th century Norse.
Culture (9-10th century Norse) most important.

Guðþorn is a masculine given name from the Viking Answer Lady's website ( It is found in runic forms (in the Nordiskt Runamnslexikon) but not in the Landnamabok.

inn irski is a descriptive byname from Geirr Bassi, p 23 col 2, meaning "Irish"

15: Hallbjorn Galti Oddason - New Name & New Device

Per saltire arrondi argent and sable, a roundel within an annulet purpure

No major changes.

Hallbjorn is an Old Norse masculine given name found in Geirr-Bassi p.11

Oddi is another masculine name from the same source.

The patronymic follows the rules on p. 17 of Geirr Bassi.

Galti is a byname in Geirr-Bassi p.21 meaning boar.

The order follows the rules on p. 6 (first name, byname, patronymic)

NOTE: submitter prefers to drop all diacritical marks.

16: Jóreiðr hilditǫnn - New Name & New Device

Per saltire argent and purpure, a boar rampant gules

No holding name.
No major changes.
Meaning (Meaning is focused on Boar (Jóreiðr) and Tusk (hilditǫnn)) most important.

Jóreiðr is documented as a feminine given name in Viking Names found in the Landnámabók, by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (

hilditǫnn is documented as a byname meaning "battle-tooth" in Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók, by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (

17: Kaðlín ingen uí Éaluighthe - New Name & New Device

Argent, a winged deer's head affronty erased purpure and a ford proper

Meaning (Kadlyn O Healy) most important.

Kaðlín is a feminine name found in Geirr Bassi pp. 12.

Ó hÉaluighthe is found in Woulfe, dated to Eliz I/James I in various Anglicized forms. The grammar for earlier period would be ingen ui as the marker for daughter of, and the submitted spelling is our interpolation.

According to Appendix C Old Norse and Gaelic can be combined prior to 1100.

18: Khayra bint Sa\'id - New Name & New Device

Khayra bint Sa'id

Per pale azure and sable, a birch tree eradicated between in chief two suns argent

Khayra and Sa'id are both found in period Arabic naming practices by Da'ud ibn Auda (2003) (Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices (2nd edition))

Khayra is a feminine ism

Sa'id is masculine ism

Per SENA Appendix A "bint" is an approved patronymic element to indicate "daughter of" in the pattern (feminine's ism) bint (ism) If absolutely needed to register, the submitter would accept adding a name element (generation, occupational...)

The submitter would prefer the marker |Bint| to be capitalized if possible. No evidence was found during kingdom commentary to support the submitter's request regarding capitalization of <bint.> The submitter allows for all changes, so the spelling was changed to match the documented case. We ask for assistance fulfilling the request if at all possible.

19: Kolfinna gleðill - New Name & New Device

Per bend sinister vert and argent, two wool combs fesswise counterchanged

Sound (Sound of 'Kolfinna') most important.

Kolfinna is found in Geirr Bassi p. 12 as a feminine given name.

gleðill is found in Geirr Bassi p. 21 as a nickname meaning 'fun, good cheer'

20: Mabbe atte Eye - New Badge Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2011, via the East.

(Fieldless) A mullet per pale gules and vert

Old Item: Per pale gules and vert, an increscent and in base an owl's head cabossed argent, to be released.

21: Miklosne Miroslava nyakas - New Device

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Sable, on a bend argent between a feather bendwise and a key bendwise Or wards to base, three roses proper

This name was submitted in May of 2019 and is scheduled to be decided on the September LoAR

22: Mór Cille Caindigh - New Badge

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as M?r Cille Caindigh in February of 2016, via the East.

(Fieldless) On an owl argent an ermine spot gules

23: Nadezhda Voronova - New Household Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2014, via the East.

Ironhearth House

Argent, three winged lions sable

No major changes.

Ironhearth is a late period version of a constructed place name.

Iron is found as an element added to existing place names in "Compound Placenames in English" by Juliana de Luna ( Irnacton ('Iron') 1287 Ekwall, s.n Acton Irenacton 1248 Mills, s.n. Acton

Alternately, Iron can be a family name: In the Family Search Records, (, Mary Iron was married on 18 Apr 1636 at Saint Dunstan, Stepney, London, England, batch M05576-1.

Hearth is intended as a place name or generic toponymic. The MED s.v. herth dates "Phil. de la Herthe" to 1275. The OED s.v. hearth dates that spelling to 1573. In support of such a construction, Mills _Dictionary of London Place Names_ dates "Herthstrete" to 1348.

The constructions "Iron+existing placename" and "family name+generic toponymic" are both documented in Juliana's article.

[placename] + House and [surname] + House are registerable combinations by precedent.

"[W]e would recommend late period household names following either of these patterns [surname] + [house or hall], [surname]+s + [house, hall, or lodge], [place name] + [house, hall, or lodge]." [Sythe Blackwolfe, 12/2007 LoAR, R-Calontir]

24: Nest verch Tangwistel - New Augmentation of Arms

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2002, via the East.

Per pale embattled azure and Or, an arrow azure, and for augmentation on a canton Or a ram passant azure

Submitter was awarded an augmentation of arms in August 2015 -

25: Nina di Ivrea - New Name & New Device

Argent, a cicada tergiant vert and on a chief azure three pears slipped and leaved Or

No major changes.
Meaning (great-grandmother's hometown is the byname locative) most important.

Nina is the submitter's legal given name, Lillia and Lilie Dubh saw the submitter's driver's license.

di Ivrea is a locative byname found in Dell'istonia di Piemonte, published 1608 (

This is the defining instance of the cicada as charge for the SCA.

Cicada is found in the Middle English Dictionary in this spelling three times:

  • (a1398) *Trev.Barth.(Add 27944)147a/b : There is a maner Grashopper þat hatte Cicada, and haþ þat name of canendo, syngynge, for wiþ a ful litil throte he schapiþ a wondirful song..ʒif a man hielde oyle vpon þis cicadas, he dieþ a none.
  • (a1398) *Trev.Barth.(Add 27944)273b/b : Þe worme þat hatte cicada.
  • ?a1425 *Chauliac(1) (NY 12)149a/a : Many men forsoþ commendeþ grullos & cicadas.

The period depiction of a cicada that this drawing is based on is found in

"Opera quae extant òmnia, hoc est, Commentarii in VI. libros Pedacii Dioscoridis Anazarbei De medica materia : adjectis in margine variis Graeci testus lectionibus, ex antiquissimis codicibus desumptis, qui Dioscorides depravatam lectionem restituunt" by Mattioli, Pietro Andrea, 1500-1577 (

The Cicada is a period charge.

A 1590 grant by Clarenceux reserved to the Regius Professor of Greek at Cambridge the arms "Per chevron argent and sable, in chief the two Greek letters Alpha and Omega of the second, and in base a "cicado" or grasshopper of the first, on a chief gules a lion passant guardant Or, charged on the side with the letter G sable." ("A Complete Guide to Heraldry" by Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, p. 393 in the 1904 edition, pp. 587-588 in the 1909 edition.) --

Guillim uses a different name for the cicada in describing the arms of Bolowre, "Sable, a Harvest-fly in Pale volant en arriere Argent." ("A Display of Heraldry," John Guillim, p 166 in the 1611 edition, p 173 in the 1679 edition.) --

There was some discussion as to whether the body of the cicada should show between the wings or not. There is one exemplar in the period document "Opera quae extant òmnia..." that shows a cicada with the body obscured by the wings (top right of that image.) There is also one exemplar with the body obscured in the canting arms of the family Cigala.

Other images, and other period insect charges, show the wings to the side of the body, but there is clearly some variation in how this particular insect was drawn.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:

26: Oddkatla Skarpheðinsdóttir - New Name & New Device

Per bend sinister vert and purpure, on a bend sinister argent a snake glissant contourny sable

No major changes.
Sound (none noted) most important.

Oddkatla is a feminine name from Geirr Bassi, one occurrence in the Landnamabok (p. 13).

Skarpheðinn is a masculine name from Geirr Bassi,two occurrences in the Landnamabok (p. 14). Skarpheðinsdóttir is constructed following the rules in Geirr Bassi, "The Formation of Patronymics and Matronymics" (p. 17).

27: Philippus Tabor - New Name

Sound (none noted) most important.

Philippus is a masculine given name found in Index of Names in the 1292 Subsidy Roll of London by Aryanhwy merch Catmael Philippus under s.n. Phelip 2 occurrences with this spelling.

Tabor is a surname found in R&W s.n. Taber, Tabor, Tabah: Tabor dated to 1185

28: Quintin Darcy - New Name

No major changes.
Sound (Quint- sound) most important.

Quintin is a male English given name found in Names from Lallaing 1384 - 1600: Masculine Given Names, by Domhnall na Moicheirghe, sn Quentin, with Quintin dated to 1527.

Darcy is an English surname dated 1276 in R&W, s.n. Darcey.

29: Richard Fitzwilliam of Lough Ree - New Name & New Device

Argent, a chevron engrailed vert between three thorn trees eradicated proper

Meaning (son of William) most important.

Richard is a masculine given name found in Withycombe sn Richard: dated (as "Ricard(us)") to 1273.

Fitzwilliam is a byname found in RW sn Fitzwilliam, dated to 1424

Lough Ree is a Lingua Societatus version of a locative byname. The spellings "Loch Rí" and "Lough Rí" are found in the 1092 manuscript "The Annals of Innisfallen". I is also found in "Ó Muraíle, Nollaig, "Annals of [all] Saints' Island on Lough Ree", cited in: "Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle, Edited by: Graeme Dunphy, Cristian Bratu. Consulted online on 26 August 2019 <>, First published online: 2016"

The pattern given+byname+loc is allowed for English names per SENA Appendix A.

The scanned emblazon was not clear at the kingdom level - the trees are actually colored brown. This submission was rescanned, and new images generated for the external letter. While the trees look dark in the scanned image, OSCAR correctly identifies them as brown in the color-corrected image.

Questions were raised during kingdom commentary about whether a thorn tree was documentable, since we have none registered as such in the OandA. The hawthorn is mentioned as early as the works of Chaucer, placing it firmly as a period artifact. (A Thorn among the Lilies: The Hawthorn in Medieval Love Allegory Author(s): Susan S. Eberly Source: Folklore, Vol. 100, No. 1 (1989), pp. 41-52 Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. on behalf of Folklore Enterprises, Ltd. Stable URL: Accessed: 31-10-2019 18:44 UTC )

A thorn tree closely resembling this emblazon is found on Glastonbury Hill in England, mentioned in "Here Begynneth the lyfe of Joseph of Arimathea." (1520). London: Richard Pynson, 1520. We have not been able to obtain an image from this treatise, and hope that society commenters may have access to the work.

"The oldest known living specimen in East Anglia, and possibly in the United Kingdom, is known as The Hethel Old Thorn,[15] and is located in the churchyard in the small village of Hethel, south of Norwich, in Norfolk. It is reputed to be more than 700 years old, having been planted in the 13th century.[15]"

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:

30: Rosina von Schaffhausen - New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2006, via Meridies.

Giancarlo Rosetti

No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for 15-16th century Italian.
Language (none specified) most important.
Culture (none specified) most important.

Giancarlo is an Italian male given name found in the Il Quarto Libro De Lettere Di M. Pietro Aretino ( CADQ&ved=0CE0Q6AEwBDgK#v=onepage&q=Giancarlo&f=false), published in 1550.

It can also be documented as a constructed Italian given name. There is a pattern of forming Italian names with the prefix Gian- before an existing Italian male name.

For example, the On-line Catasto of Florence of 1427 ( contains:

  • Giannozzo
  • Giandonato
  • Giannino
  • Gianbonino

Carlo is a male name found 30 times in the Catasto; Giancarlo follows the pattern.

Rosetti appears as a surname in Plictho de l'arte de tentori, che insegna tenger panni telle banbasi et sede si per l'arthe magiore come per la comune (, published in 1540.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:

31: Samuel Di Bianco - New Name

No major changes.
Sound (Do not change Samuel, as close to Di Bianca as possible) most important.

Samuel is a French masculine name found in the DNMES dated to 1589

Di Bianco is a literal patronym formed from the Italian given name Bianco. This is the expected masculine form of Bianca, a feminine given name found in Juliana de Luna, "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice" (

Examples of the -o/-a change for masculine/feminine names in Italian are Paolo/Paola, Angelo/Angela, Vittorio/Vittoria, all found in the same article.

The use of di for literal patronyms is also found in the same article. Capitalization of prepositions in late period Italian is variable. The submitter allows the lowercase di if needed for registration.

The combination of French and Italian is allowed within 300 years per Appendix C of SENA.

32: Sigurðr berserkr - New Badge

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Sigur?r berserkr in April of 2010, via the East.

(Fieldless) A bear rampant sustaining a Danish axe sable

33: Þórormr Barnakarl - New Device

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as ??rormr Barnakarl in May of 2015, via the East.

Quarterly azure and argent, an axe bendwise sinister within a serpent in annulo sable

34: Titus Turpilius Tertius - New Name & New Device

Sable, a tortoise passant Or between three estoiles argent

No major changes.
Sound (wants to sound like Titus Turpilius Tertius) most important.

This name is documented from Ursula George's "A Simple Guide to Imperial Roman Names" The pattern for a male name in the Roman Imperial period is praenomen + nomen + cognomen in this article.

Titus is a male praenomen in the section for Male Praenomen.

Turpilius is a male nomen under the Male Nomen section.

Tertius is a male cognomen under the cognomen section.

Yours in service,

Muirenn Blue Tyger

OSCAR counts 17 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 2 New Alternate Names, 2 New Household Names, 16 New Devices, 7 New Badges, 1 New Badge Change and 1 New Augmentation of Arms. These 47 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $188 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Badge. This item is not chargeable. There are a total of 48 items submitted on this letter.

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