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East LoI dated 2019-07-26

Greetings unto the heralds of the Known World! We thank you for your commentary, and recommend the following items for your attention.

1: Ageirr the Lucky - New Name & New Device

Or, two foxes rampant respectant gules and in base a sheaf of five arrows sable

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Ageirr is a masculine Norse name found Geirr Bassi, page 8.

the Lucky is a lingua Anglica form of the Old Norse descriptive byname inn heppni, found in Geirr Bassi, p.22.

Kingdom commenters were divided as to the posture of the wolves. While the hind legs are not as far apart as rampant is usually depicted, this depiction has been accepted as a variation of rampant in the past:

"The alphyn's front legs are separated; the back legs are separated but both are planted. This is an acceptable variant of rampant." [Kaios Alexandrou. August 2005 via Calontir]


2: Alastar Tucker - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (no explanation given) most important.

Alastar is a masculine name found in "Index of Names in the Irish Annals: Alaxandar, Alaxandair, (Alasdrann, Alasdar)" spelling dated to 1585. http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Alaxandar.shtml

Tucker is a surname found in the Family Search records under Katherine <Tucker>, christened 30 July 1586, Nonington, Kent, England, Batch # P01295-1 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NYJT-6N5


3: Alienor Salton - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 1993, via the East.

Per pale purpure and Or

This badge has permission to conflict with Mathghamhain Ua Ruadháin's badge submitted elsewhere on this letter:

I, [redacted], known in the SCA as Mathghamhain Ua Ruadháin, give [redacted], known in the SCA as Alienor Salton, permission for their armory "Per pale purpure and Or" to look similar to my armory, "Per pale vert and Or." I understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once their armory is registered.


4: Amalie von Hohensee - New Name & New Device

Azure, three seeblätter one and two, a trimount argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (none noted) most important.

Amalie is a feminine given name found in "Medieval German Names from Silesia - Womens Names" by Talan Gwynek. Amalie is cited in 1349. http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/bahlow/bahlowFem.html

von Hohensee is a German locative byname meaning 'from Hohensee', which is a small town in the state of Mecklenberg-Vorpommern. The "Landbuch des Herzogthums Pommern" dates Hohensee to 1451.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-48-56_Amalie_van_Hohensee_name_1.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-48-56_Amalie_van_Hohensee_name_2.jpg


5: Angelina Capasso - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2012, via the East.

Per pale gules and Or, a domestic cat rampant to sinister maintaining a daisy argent and a domestic cat rampant sable maintaining a daisy gules

Old Item: Per fess sable and gules, a Latin cross Or and a daisy slipped and leaved proper, to be retained as a badge.


6: Arngeirr Refskegg - New Name & New Device

Per chevron argent and azure, two pairs of spears in saltire sable and a hummingbird hovering to sinister argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (none noted) most important.
Meaning (eagle-spear // fox-beard) most important.

Both elements of this name are found in "Viking Names Found in Landnamabok" by Aryanhwy verch Catmael. www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html and in Geirr Bassi.

Arngeirr is a masculine Norse given name. It is also found on p 7 of Geirr Bassi.

Refskegg is a descriptive Norse byname meaning fox-beard and in Geirr Bassi, p 26. The byname can be capitalized per LoAR of April 2012 Cover Letter.

There is an SFPP for use of a hummingbird.


7: Bregowine of Horseheath - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2018, via the East.

Azure, a horse's head couped argent crined gules and a chief Or


8: Cathain Reiter - New Name & New Device

Gules a drawn horsebow bendwise knocked with a needle threaded Or

Submitter has no desire as to gender.
Sound (none noted) most important.

Cathain is found as a feminine given name in the grey period of the Family Search records under Cathain Von Busch, marriage, 17 August 1634; Sankt Aposteln Katholisch, Koeln Stadt, Rheinland, Prussia; batch # M96880-1 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JHZ5-9HC

Reiter is found as a byname in the Family Search records under Johann Reiter, buried 28 March 1570, Zweibrücken, Bayern, Germany; batch # B96767-1.

https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JWMR-Z68

There is a step from period practice for loading a bow with an item other than an arrow. [Bernhart vom Böhmerwald, LoAR of Sept 2018]


9: Cathain Reiter - New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) A drawn horsebow bendwise nocked with a needle threaded Or

There is a step from period practice for loading a bow with an item other than an arrow. [Bernhart vom Böhmerwald, LoAR of Sept 2018]


10: Corotica merkka Senebelenae - New Name & New Device

Per chevron gules and sable, a wolf courant and a wheat stalk argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning (Corotica daughter of Senebelena) most important.

Corotica is a feminine given name found in 2 inscriptions in Celtic Personal Names of Roman Britain (CPRNB), one from Wiltshire, England, and one from Wales ( https://www.asnc.cam.ac.uk/personalnames/details.php?name=533 and https://www.asnc.cam.ac.uk/personalnames/details.php?name=187 ) These are dated between 43-410 CE in Roman inscriptions in Britain https://romaninscriptionsofbritain.org/inscriptions/search?qv=corotica&submit=. The masculine form of this name, Coroticus, was borne by a 5th century British chieftain whose soldiers were addressed in a letter by St. Patrick.

*merkka is a Brythonic/Brittonic particle meaning "daughter" which later became the Welsh merch. It is found in Coláiste Pháidraig Studia Hibernica issues 20-23 http://books.google.com/books?id=E7VnAAAAMAAJ&dq=merkka - snippet view only. The Proto-Celtic *merkā is also found in Celtic Lexicon University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies (see attached). Assistance is requested documenting the correct form of this element (we have omitted the markings). The submitter prefers a vernacular particle appropriate for Celtic Britain over the Latin filia.

Senebelenae is found in an apparent unmarked matronymic byname MINVASSVS SENEBELENAE on curse tablet Uley 33 from Gloucestershire England in Celtic Personal Names of Roman Britain (CPNRB), https://asnc.cam.ac.uk/personalnames/details.php?name=389. The form in the attested name is apparently Latinized. The submitter requests assistance documenting the correct vernacular form, but will accept the Latinized form if needed. A full description of this curse tablet is found at Curse Tablets from Roman Britain http://curses.csad.ox.ac.uk/4Dlink2/4DACTION/WebRequestCurseTabletSearch?searchType=browse&searchFie ld=CurseNumber. At least 1 other matronym (albeit marked with filius) has been found in similar inscriptions. See attached.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-19-39_Corotica_merkka_Senebelenae_name_1.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-19-40_Corotica_merkka_Senebelenae_name_2.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-19-40_Corotica_merkka_Senebelenae_name_3.jpg
#4 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-19-41_Corotica_merkka_Senebelenae_name_4.jpg
#5 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-19-41_Corotica_merkka_Senebelenae_name_5.jpg


11: Dirkin MacWard - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2018, via the East.

Per pale vert and Or, a ram-headed torc counterchanged argent and sable

This device was returned on the August 2018 LoAR:

Per pale vert and Or, a ram-headed torc counterchanged argent and sable.

This device must be returned for lack of documentation of the depiction of the charge. The torc depicted in the device has Celtic-style knotwork forming the band. While known extant torcs are either solid metal or wire twisted into a tight cable, there are no examples of this kind of openwork weaving for period torcs.

This device is also returned for violation of the long-standing ban on the use of Celtic knotwork.

We feel that this redraw addresses these concerns.


12: Elspet Catto - New Name & New Device

Pean, two weasels combatant maintaining between them a wheel argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (none noted) most important.
Language (none noted) most important.
Culture (none noted) most important.

Elspet Catto is found as a complete grey period name in Names From Old Aberdeen, 1636: Full Names, by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Aberdeen/FullNames.shtml


13: Gregor von Medehem - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2016, via the East.

Quarterly sable and gules, in bend two stags trippant argent

This item is new to the Laurel level.

This device appeared on the April 2019 iLOI but was returned because the Permission to Conflict letter did not match the submitted emblazon. A new Permission to Conflict has been received.

I, [redacted], known in the SCA as Magdalena von Regensburg, give [redacted], known in the SCA as Gregor von Medehem, permission for his armory, "Quarterly sable and gules, in bend two stags trippant argent" to look similar to, but not identical to, my armory "Quarterly vert and argent, two hinds trippant argent." I understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once [redacted]'s armory is registered.


14: Lavinia du Bois - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2018, via the East.

Sable, on a bezant a pantheon rampant sable mullety, in base a hand Or

The prior submission, "Sable, on a bezant a pantheon rampant sable mullety, in base a hand of Fatima Or" was returned on the October 2018 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2018/10/18-10lar.html#128):

This device is returned for use of a modern depiction of a hand of Fatima. Descriptions of appropriate depictions of hands of Fatima may be found on the February 2018 Cover Letter.

This new submission replaces the hand of Fatima with the standard hand from the PicDic.


15: Lavinia du Bois - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2018, via the East.

Argent, on a fan of peacock feathers proper eyed gules a camel statant Or and in base a crescent azure

This badge was paid for in 2018, but not finalized for submission at that time. Payment is due to Laurel.

The submitter supplied the attached image, said to depict the crest of a Polish-Lithuanian family of Ruthenian origin, on which they base their desired emblazon.

Kingdom commenters were unsure that this blazon accurately describes the feathers, and suggestions included "a fan of five feathers conjoined in pile" or "a plume" (https://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossp.htm#Plume).

We ask for assistance in constructing a blazon to match the emblazon.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-23-40_Polish-Lithuanian_magnate_family_Ruthenian_origin,_w-_roots_to_times_of_Grand_Duchy_of_Lithuania._held_Polish_coat_of_arms_Leliwa.jpg


16: Lavinia du Bois - Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2018, via the East.

Sable, on a hand Or a brown bear's head erased proper muzzled argent

The prior submission, "Sable, a hand of Fatima Or" was returned on the October 2018 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2018/10/18-10lar.html#130):

This device is returned for use of a modern depiction of a hand of Fatima. Descriptions of appropriate depictions of hands of Fatima may be found on the February 2018 Cover Letter.

This device is also returned for presumption with the protected arms of Isengard, Sable, a hand argent, and conflict with the device of Mia Sperling, Sable, a hand ermine, with one DC for change of tincture of the primary charge, and for conflict with the device of Logan of Logan, Sable, a sinister hand Or between three bezants one and two, with one DC for the removal of the secondary charges.

This new submission replaces the hand of Fatima with the standard hand from the PicDic, and adds a bear's head to clear the conflict.

Commenters were concerned that the depiction of the bear head was difficult to recognize. However, the only heraldic animal typically muzzled is the bear. This depiction of a bear's head comes from a reputable source, Scott-Ellis's "Banners, Standards, and Badges, where it is found as a crest (https://archive.org/details/bannersstandards00howauoft/page/207.) Crests in this work are shown with a variety of neck lengths, from a close couped to several that are as elongated as this example.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-28-42_bear.jpg


17: Mari Clock van Hoorne - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2013, via the East.

(Fieldless) An owl argent crowned of a pearled coronet Or maintaining in its sinister talon a card pique sable

Submitter was awarded a court barony in 2015:

https://op.eastkingdom.org/op_ind.php?atlantian_id=2001


18: Mathghamhain Ua Ruadháin - New Badge

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Mathghamhain Ua Ruadh?in in February of 2017, via the East.

Per pale vert and Or

This badge has permission to conflict with Alienore Salton's badge submitted elsewhere on this letter:

I, [redacted], known in the SCA as Aliener Salton, give [redacted], known in the SCA as Mathghamhain Ua Ruadhain, permission for their armory "Per pale vert and Or" to look similar to my armory, "Per pale purpure and Or." I understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once their armory is registered.


19: Ntisa Knarrarbringa - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for Norse Viking Age.
Spelling (N-T-I-S-A) most important.

Ntisa is a feminine given name found in Lena Petersen's Runnamnslexikon p 16 s.n. Ádísa (?) kvn. Svag biform till → Ádís. Nom. ntisa Ög163 http://www.sprakochfolkminnen.se/download/18.6dffb94c149794d926e379/1529494180581/Runnamnslexikon_T% 20141106.pdf

Knarrarbringa is a Norse feminine byname meaning merchant-bosom, big tits, found in Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók by Aryanhwy merch Catmael http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/vikbynames.html

Additional information regarding the spelling Ntisa:

From the Viking Answer Lady's website, s.v. Ádís, Ádísa (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensNames.shtml)

The etymology of the first element Á- is uncertain, as it may come from several possible origins: < *ana-, the intensive first element, "all"; < *anu- "ancestor, forefather"; or from < *az- "point, edge" or "anxiety, fear". For the second element -dís see above. A weak side-form exists, Ádísa. Found in Old Swedish as Adis. Ádís is found in Swedish runic inscriptions as aþis, while the runic form of the weak side form is found in Ostergotland, Sweden as ntisa.

The byname can be capitalized per LoAR of April 2012 Cover Letter.

Submitter consented to changes made to the original submitted name.


20: Østgarðr, Crown Province of - New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as ?stgar?r, Crown Province of in April of 1984, via the East.

Order of The Sea-Urchin of Østgarðr

(Fieldless) A sea-urchin affronty argent finned azure

Registration of this order was requested by the branch's landed leadership and has been approved by the officer corps.

The pattern of naming an order after a heraldic charge is documented in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna http://medievalscotland.org/jes/OrderNames/

Order is one of the listed designators for order names found in SENA Appendix E.

Sea-Urchin is an established heraldic charge, in the form of a hybrid beast composed of of the foreparts of a hedgehog and the tail of a fish.

Østgarðr, Crown Province of is a registered branch name, via the East Kingdom, 1984. For this order, the branch chooses to use only the actual name of the branch.

Sea urchins have been registered as recently as 2016.

Sea creatures affronty are uncommon, but the College registered "a sea-coney affronty" in February 2012 and a "winged sea-unicorn erect affronty" in December 2002.

On the January 2018 Cover Letter, it was stated: "Therefore, after the August 2018 LoAR, use of the posture sejant erect affronty will be a step from period practice for non-lions, whether winged or not. All other affronty postures for quadrupeds will be disallowed after the August 2018 LoAR unless documentation is provided." (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2018/01/18-01cl.html#5 )

Sea-beasts are not quadrupeds, but if they were this posture would be most comparable to "sejant erect affronty" and thus an SFPP rather than disallowed.

As the previous ruling is not unambiguous about this case, the Province has asked that this be forwarded to Wreath for a ruling.


21: Roy de Basillon - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Roy is an English male name found in the Family Search records under Roy Townsend, christened 4 April 1549, Wantage, Berkshire, England. Batch # C02198-1 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JMLB-6V5

de Basillon is a marked French byname found in Les Grands Annals et Histoire Generale de France, des la venue des France en Gaule jusques au regne du roy tres-chrestieb Henry III, tome 2, published 1579. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k63862332/f1324.image

de Basillon appears in "Les grandes annales et histoire générale de France, dès la venue des Francs en Gaule jusques au règne du roy très-chrestien Henry III, Tome 2", published in 1579 (http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k63862332/f1324.image). The relevant passage states:

". . . les seigneurs de Grandmot, d'Andoins, de Benac, de Caumont, de Basillon & autres Aquitaniques . . ."

which translates roughly as:

" . . . the lords of Grandmot, Andoins, Benac, Caumont and Basillon, and other places of Aquitaine . . . "

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-34-12_basillon1.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-34-12_basillon2.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-34-13_basillon3.jpg


22: Rudolf Siege - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2018, via the East.

Per pale azure and gules, on a cog wheel Or a dragon segreant sable

This device was returned on the December 2018 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2018/12/18-12lar.html):

This device must be returned for redraw. While a charge that has internal voiding such as a cogwheel can be charged, care must be taken to maintain contrast. In this submission, the cogwheel is depicted with very thin spokes which are almost entirely obscured by the dragon, with the resulting effect of a sable dragon on a field azure and gules. Upon resubmission, the component parts of the cogwheel should be much bigger and bolder. The wings of the dragon should also be reduced in size so that they do not overwhelm the remainder of the monster.

We believe this redraw addresses these concerns.


23: Shiklah al-Zarqa' - New Name

Shiklah al-Zarqa'

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for none noted.
Language (none noted) most important.
Culture (none noted) most important.

Both elements of this name come from Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices, by Da'ud ibn Auda https://heraldry.sca.org/names/arabic-naming2.htm

Shiklah is a feminine ism

al-Zarqa' is a feminine laqab meaning 'the blue eyed'.

Client requests authenticity for Language/Culture but does not note which.


24: Þorn hálftrǫll - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (none noted) most important.
Language (Norse) most important.
Culture (Viking) most important.

Þorn is a masculine Norse name found in the online Nordic Names wiki: https://www.nordicnames.de/wiki/Main_Page

In kingdom commentary, Drasma Dragomira found Þorn in the Nordisk Runnamnslexikon of Lena Petersen, p 234:Av (fvn.) þorn m http://www.sprakochfolkminnen.se/download/18.6dffb94c149794d926e379/1529494180581/Runnamnslexikon_T% 20141106.pdf. If this documentation does not suffice we ask for assistance in documenting the desired "Þorn".

hálftrǫll is a descriptive byname found in Viking Bynames found in the Landnamabok, by Aryanhwy merch Catmael http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/vikbynames.html


25: Unna Rose - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning (none noted) most important.

Unna is a Norse feminine given name found on the Viking Answer Lady's website http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensNames.shtml#u and in Geir Bassi, p 15.

Rose is the submitter's legal surname, which makes it neutral for registration. The submitter's driver's license is included with the packet.


26: Vigthorn Rose - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (none noted) most important.

Vigthorn is a male Norse given name found on the Viking Answer Lady website as Vígþorn http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml#v Submitter wishes to use the Anglicized spelling.

Rose is the submitter's legal surname, which makes it neutral for registration. The submitter's driver's license is included in the packet.


27: Vindiorix Ordowik - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in February of 2018, via the East.

Old Item: Finn the Black, to be retained as an alternate name.
Meaning (none noted) most important.

Vindiorix is a Celtic given name found on a curse tablet (no. TS 18.5) roughly dated between the 2nd and 4th centuries CE at the Temple of Sulis Minerva in Bath, England. The name is found in the Celtic Personal Names of Roman Britain (CPNRB) database https://www.asnc.cam.ac.uk/personalnames/details.php?name=512. Additional information and a drawing of the tablet are attached.

Ordowik is intended to be a tribal byname referring to the Ordovices, who were settled in northern Wales around the time of the Roman Conquest and are mentioned in the writings of Tacitus. Although the tribe was described as having been exterminated by Agricola in the 1st century, a descendant of the tribe is identified in a Latinized inscription on a pillar stone in Wales, dated c.500: CORBALENGI IACIT ORDOVS [Corbaleng(us) lies (here), an Ordovician or Corbaleng(us) lies here, a member of the Ordovices]. (In this case, Corbalengus is a Primitive Irish Name). Although the tribal name would normally be in the genitive form, this example does not appear to follow the typical pattern. A photograph of the stone is attached.

Ordowik is a Proto-Celtic form of the tribe name that roughly means "those who fight with hammers" (Anne H Soukhanov, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language

https://books.google.com/books?id=rqRfDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT8626 and Celtic Lexicon, University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies https://www.wales.ac.uk/en/CentreforAdvancedWelshCelticStudies/ResearchProjects/CompletedProjects/Th eCelticLanguagesandCulturalIdentity/CelticLexicon.aspx and https://www.wales.ac.uk/Resources/Documents/Research/CelticLanguages/ProtoCelticEnglishWordlist.pdf Assistance is requested in documenting for the correct form of this element if needed.

The submitter prefers the spelling Ordovik if it can be justified. The submitter does not want any Latinized elements, such as the attested Ordovices.

Most examples of British pillar stones with tribal bynames used the pattern <given name> maqi mucoi <tribal name in genitive>, where the byname means "son of the tribe of X". The submitter has decided against this pattern for unless necessary for registration. Backup documentation of this pattern is attached if needed.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-37-50_Vindiorix_Ordowik_name_1.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-37-50_Vindiorix_Ordowik_name_2.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-37-51_Vindiorix_Ordowik_name_3.jpg
#4 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1601/2019-07-19/08-37-51_Vindiorix_Ordowik_name_4.jpg


Yours in service,

Muirenn Blue Tyger


OSCAR counts 13 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 1 New Order Name, 7 New Devices, 1 New Device Change and 6 New Badges. These 29 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $116 for them. OSCAR counts 4 Resub Devices and 1 Resub Badge. These 5 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 34 items submitted on this letter.

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