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Outlands LoI dated 2019-02-27

From the Office of Rampart Herald

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a (Nicole Riviezzo)

Unto the Sovereigns and members of the College of Arms of the Society, does Khalidah bint Yahya'a, Rampart Herald send her greetings.

What follows is the February 2019 Letter of Intent for the Kingdom of the Outlands.

I would like to thank Iago ab Adam, Lions Heart, Michael Gerard Curtememoire, ffride wlffsdotter, Kolosvari Arpadne Julia, and all of the heralds who were kind enough to contribute to internal commentary on OSCAR.

It is my intent to register this February the following items from the Outlands' College of Heralds.

1: Alexander Sawliſkis - New Name & New Device

Argent ermined vert, a bear passant and a base sable

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Client requests authenticity for 13th c. Lithuanian.
Language (13th c. Lithuanian) most important.
Culture (13th c. Lithuanian) most important.

Alexander -, retrieved on 11/18/18.

Sawliſkis - masculine locative byname for the town of Šiauliai in Lithuania, the location of a battle in 1236 (source:, retrieved on 11/18/2018).

SENA allows the use of German, North Slavic, Russian/East Slavic, and Scandinavian as languages that can be combined with Baltic names.

Additional notes by Kolosvari Arpadne Julia & ffride wlffsdotter:

In ffride's cited article, Sawliſkis (marked with an asterisk) appears in the column of reconstructed nominative forms. Is there evidence in Slavic languages for using bare placenames in the nominative case as bynames?

The period spellings (very carefully transcribed, wow!), all from Polish sources, are listed as follows:

Balcʒia Sawliſka mieſcʒanina kowien(skiego) (gen.) 1564-1569

Jurgiela Sawliſka (gen.) 1564-1569

Maczyeya Schawlanya (gen.) 1551-1555

Hmm, in the intro paragraph, she indicates that -iskis (modern -iškis) is a masculine locative ending, so maybe those nominative forms are appropriate for bynames. However, the College is not in the habit of distinguishing different letterforms, so the "long s" should be written as simply 's': Alexander Sawliskis.

(Better citation format:)

Sawliskis is a Lithuanian locative found in ffride wlffsdotter's "Some names from 16th century Kaunas: 1522-1591", in the section "Listing of all names, sorted by location" ( This is a reconstructed nominative or locative form of the placename, which is found in the genitive case in Polish-context sources as Sawliska, dated to 1564-1569.

Alexander is found in "Polish Given Names in Nazwiska Polaków" by Walraven van Nijmegen and Arval Benicoeur, in the section Masculine Names - Other Roman or Greek Names ( The introduction to the article notes that the "appearance of a name in this list proves that some form of it was used in period Poland".

For examples (taken from the same page dealing with the bynames from Kaunas) of the -iskis ending, try:

Roman Bierſtaniſkis, 1561-1565

Jan Karmielowiſkis, 1561-1565

Thomaſus Kieydaniſkis Budnik, 1561-1565

Andrʒey Dopkiewic Trokiſkis, 1561-1565

Piotr Wirbaliſkiſ, 1561-1565

Ragauskaitė argues this is a form of adjectival byname, like -ski in Polish. So someone from the town of Šiauliai (Polish: Szawle) could be known in modern Polish as being "Szawelski" or in modern Lithuanian "Šiauliškis."

Zofia Kowalik-Kaleta. 2007. Historia nazwisk polskich na tle społecznym i obyczajowym (Warszawa: Slawistyczny Ośrodek Wydawniczy) has in Latin:

p. 316: Alexander Drohoyowsky, 1492


2: Angelica Sabine - New Household Name

OSCAR finds the name on the Outlands LoI of December 28, 2018 as submitted.

House of Sabine

No changes.
Spelling most important.

[Sabine] - Joane Sabine, f, 18 May 1590, Davington, Kent, England, M01338-7.

Additional Documentation by Castle:

Per the guidance in the March 2013 LoAR, the household name should be "House of Sabine".

Originally submitted as <House Sabine> on the November 2018 LoP ( and was pended on the December 2018 LoR ( to get approval from the submitter to add the <of>. She consented to the change to <House of Sabine>.

3: Edwin of Mousehole - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2017, via the Outlands.

Per chevron gules and argent, two estoiles Or and a polypus sable

4: Ivar Halftroll Thorgrimsson - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No changes.

Ivar is shown as a Danish (masculine) given name in Diplomatarium Danicum (, with Ivar Nielsen 1408 and Ivar Nielsen 1410.

Halftroll - Follows naming practices as shown on Viking Answer Lady -troll used (as a second element) of a descriptive byname from Old Norse troll "giant being not of the human race, evil spirit, monster."

Also found on Bassi, p. 22 Thorgrimsson - constructed byname meaning "Þorgrimr's son" per Thorgrimr - masculine given name found in Viking Names found in Landnámabók by Aryanhwy merch Catmael

Additional Documentation by Michael Gerard Curtememoire:

Much better to give a source for the first byname that shows it already compounded, as cited by the registered Grímólfr hálftrǫll at and Viðarr hálftrǫll at So

Halftroll - hálftrǫll, Bassi, p. 22, and in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók",, accessed 21 Jan 2019. replacing the extant two paragraphs. And showing it as used by human people.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:

5: Kata Broddadottir - New Name & New Device

Per chevron azure and sable, two butterflies and a skull argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No holding name.
Meaning most important.

Kata found in and SAINT GABRIEL REPORT 3143

Broddadottir - Broddi found in

-adottir explanation for patronymic is found in

Originally submitted as with a much larger skull making some commentors wonder if the charges were actually meant to be co-primary or not. The submitting herald, with the submitter's permission, submitted new emblazons with a smaller skull to make the charges more visually co-primary.

6: Lêofsige Õ Caoimh - New Badge

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as L?ofsige ? Caoimh in March of 1993, via the Outlands.

Gyronny argent and vert, each vert gyron charged with a cat's paw print Or

7: Neslin Nadel - New Name & New Device

Argent, a clarion and on a chief vert three cinquefoils argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound most important.

Neslin -, German, dated to the 14th Century

Nadel -, German, dated to the 12th Century

8: Sophia Hirzin - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (first name - sound) most important.
Meaning (surname - deer) most important.

Sophia: - Author recommends "Sophia" as a German feminine name used between 1250 and 1400.

Hirzin: - Author recommends "Hirzin" as a feminine German surname used circa 1300.

9: Tiberius Valerius Germanicus - New Name & New Device

Per fess sable and vert, an ostrich in its vigilance argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

All parts of the submitted name can be found under: [Lewis & Short] Lewis, Charlton T. and Charles Short. A Latin Dictionary. SENA no Copy

Additional Documentation provided by Rampart & Lions Heart:

Simple Guide to Imperial Roman Names by Ursula Georges ( has Tiberius Valerius Germanus listed as the praenomen, nomen, and cognomen respectively as the submitter has submitted. The o in the submitted praenomen and nomen is odd to me - never seen them documented with that letter in them, nor have we ever registered the names with such an addition.

For Germanicus - Germanicus is a Roman cognomen, per the precedent set in the registration of Gaius Crassius Germanicus (Caid, Dec 2013, which states "Submitted as Gaius Germanicus Crassus, the name is not correctly constructed. Unfortunately, the source used to document this name (Legion XXIV, "Roman Names", incorrectly states that the element Germanicus is a nomen rather than a cognomen. As such, the submitted name contained a praenomen and two cognomina. Eastern Crown documented a similar nomen, Crassius, from a bronze seal found at Pompeii. The submitter subsequently authorized a change to Gaius Crassius Germanicus. This change has been made in order to register the name."

When it comes to names, Lewis & Short very definitely indicates what words are names, and whether they are praenomina, nomina, or cognomina. The Admin Handbook's dismissal of dictionaries is too broad, and does not apply to L&S.

From Lewis & Short:

Tĭbĕrĭus , ii, m.

I. In gen., a Roman prænomen (abbrev. Ti.); as, Ti. Sempronius Gracchus, Ti. Claudius Asellus, Ti. Claudius Nero.-- Aentry+group%3D20%3Aentry%3DTiberius

Vălĕrĭus (old form Vălĕsĭus , acc. to Fest. s. v. Aureliam, p. 23 Müll.; v. letter R), i, m.; Vălĕrĭa , ae, f.,

I.the name of a Roman gens. Aentry+group%3D2%3Aentry%3DValerius

Lewis & Short do not have Germanicus, so we'll rely on Khalidah Rampart's research.

Originally submitted as <Tiberious Valerious Germanicus> but documentation did not support the use of the <o> so the submitter permitted Kingdom to drop the <o> from <Tiberius> and <Valerius>.

10: Una Ossurardottir - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Outlands LoI of August 28, 2018 as submitted.

Per chevron argent and sable, two paw prints and a bear passant counterchanged and on a chief azure three mullets of six points argent

Originally submitted as which, commentors noted, had the per chevron line division up too high and the paw prints were too small. The submitting herald, with the submitter's permission, submitted new emblazons with a lower per chevron line and larger paw prints.

Thus ends the February 2019 Letter of Intent for the Kingdom of the Outlands.

In Service,

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a

Rampart Herald

OSCAR counts 6 New Names, 1 New Household Name, 6 New Devices and 1 New Badge. These 14 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $56 for them. There are a total of 14 items submitted on this letter.

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