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Outlands LoI dated 2018-11-30

From the Office of Rampart Herald

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a (Nicole Riviezzo)

rampart@outlandsheralds.org

Unto the Sovereigns and members of the College of Arms of the Society, does Khalidah bint Yahya'a, Rampart Herald send her greetings.

What follows is the November 2018 Letter of Intent for the Kingdom of the Outlands.

I would like to thank ffride wlffsdotter, Orle, Pantheon, and all of the heralds who were kind enough to contribute to internal commentary on OSCAR.

It is my intent to register this November the following items from the Outlands' College of Heralds.

This item was on the 02-2019 LoAR

1: Damien Wolfhunte - New Name

No major changes.
Spelling (13th to 14th century English or English and French) most important.

[Damien] - Damien is a masculine Middle French name found in the Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources Dated to 1572 - http://dmnes.org/cite/Damien/1572/RegPCC-1, accessed 11.20/19

[Wolfhunte] - Wolfhunte is an English byname found in R&W, sn Wolfhunt. Walter le Wolfhunte, 1339. Per SENA, unmarked bynames in English are fine. Academy of Saint Gabriel Report 756 - Wolfhunte


This item was on the 02-2019 LoAR

2: Gunnólfr Grímsson - New Device

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Gunn?lfr Gr?msson in February of 2017, via the Outlands.

Argent, two wolves rampant addorsed vert, on a chief raguly purpure three plates

Originally submitted on the September 2018 ILoI/LoP (https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=5425) with https://oscar.sca.org/images/emblazons/Outlands/2018-09/gunnolfr-c.jpg. Was pended by Kingdom to get a color emblazon with color done by marker/computer rather than colored pencil.


This item was on the 02-2019 LoAR

3: Henning Bierschwale - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Outlands LoI of October 31, 2018 as submitted.

Argent, in fess a garb of barley and a hop cone vert, a base wavy azure

Originally submitted on the September 2018 ILoI/LoP (https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=5425) with https://oscar.sca.org/images/emblazons/Outlands/2018-09/henning-c.jpg. Was pended by Kingdom to get a new emblazon with the base actually as <a base wavy>.


This item was on the 02-2019 LoAR

4: Kata útama geirr - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for Icelandic/Scandinavian, 9th-13th centuries.
Language (Scandinavian) most important.
Culture (Scandinavian) most important.
Meaning ((Potentially) Kata the Untamed Spear) most important.

[Kata] - "Kate". Kata is a short-form for the name Katrín. CV pp. xxxiv s.v. "Pet Names Káta (feminine name). Feminine equivalent to the masculine name Káti, which is from the OW.Norse adjective kátr "glad, cheerful". Runic examples include the nominative form kata and the accusative form katu. Lena Peterson. Nordiskt runnamnslexikon.

[Untamr] - a descriptive byname?? Suspected artificial name, "untamed"? Un as first element, various uses in Una, Unna, Undrlaug and Unnr www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensName -tame? early Middle English tame "in a state of subjection, physically subdued, restrained in behavior" (c. 1200); of animals "domesticated, reclaimed from wildness," also, of persons, "meek, gentle-natured, compliant, intent on homely or domestic activities" (mid-13c.), from oblique forms of Old English tom, tam "domesticated, docile," from Proto-Germanic *tamaz (source also of Old Norse tamr, Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Middle Low German, Middle Dutch tam, Old High German zam, German zahm "tame," Gothic tamjan "to tame"), from PIE *deme- "to constrain, to force, to break (horses)" (source also of Sanskrit damayati "tames;" Persian dam "a tame animal;" Greek daman "to tame, subdue," dmetos "tame;" Latin domare "to tame, subdue;" Old Irish damnaim "I tie up, fasten, I tame, subdue"

https://www.etymonline.com/word/tame Ótama Probably originally a by-name. From the OW.Norse adjective útamr "untamed". Appears in the runic nominative form [utaRa]. Lena Peterson. Nordiskt runnamnslexikon.

[Geirr] - Geirr, Geira, GæiRa The feminine form of the name element Geir-, which is identical to the Old Icelandic geirr, "spear." A short form of feminine names in GæiR-. Occurs in the runic nominative forms [kaira] and kera. Occurs in Old Danish as Gera and in OW.Norse as Geira. Found in Landnámabók. GB pp. 9; FJ pp. 343; CV pp. xxxiv s.v. "Pet Names"; CV pp. 196 s.v. geirr, Geira; NR s.v. GæiRa, GæiR-

Originally submitted on the September 2018 ILoI/LoP (https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=5425) as <Kata Utamr Geirr> but was pended by Kingdom to get submitter approval for a minor change to the second element as suggested in the internal commentary as well as Orle's note about 'a woman with two descriptive bynames, let alone these bynames, would be wildly unlikely' just in case the submitter might want to venture into different name structure territory. The submitter approved the change to <Kata útama geirr>.

Additional documentation provided by Orle:

The first byname she's got is an adjective, <útamr>. Adjectives do change gender to match the noun they're modifying, so <útama> is probably the correct form. Old Norse <ú-> is like english <un->, it inverts or negates the subsequent word, in this case producing "untame, not-tame". Cleasby-Vigfusson has <útamdr> "untamed" on p.666, and says see <temja>. Sure enough, right after the verb <temja> on p.628 it shows a feminine <ótemja>, used of an unbroken colt. However, SENA says one has to show a pattern of bynames composed of this type of adjective if you want to create a byname. I can't show a close pattern, but here's what I have for bynames in the rough vicinity: <galinn>, Bói, Magnús saga lagabætis; Gunnarr Sverris saga, †1198; Hákon Sturlunga saga, Sverris saga, Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar, †1214; Hákon Sturlunga saga, †1246. "Mad", probably = violent in his behavior and temper. <hrani>, Þorbjǫrn, Sturlunga saga. "The careless, impetuous". <óði (hinn)>, Eyjólfr, Sturlunga saga, 1198, 1212; Jón, Sturlunga saga, †1191; Kolbeinn, Heimskringla, †1159; Þorgeirr, Landnámabók, grandson of an Icelandic settler. "The furious". <œðikollr>, Ásgeirr Landnámabók, Laxdæla saga, Vatnsdæla saga, Grettis saga Ásmundarsonar, an Icelandic settler. "Furious head", a hot-tempered, impetuous person. E.H. Lind Binamn col. 412 s.n. states the first element comes from fem. óði "ferocity, fury", from the adjective óðr "raging, mad". <óargr>, <óargi (hinn)>, Óli, Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar,; Úlfr Landnámabók, Egils saga Skallagrímssonar, Skáldatal; Þorbjǫrn Landnámabók. "The not-soft", courageous; Óli's byname has also been read as vargr "wolf". <ófridr>, Ǫnundr, Sverris saga, 1199. "Peacebreaker"; it is unlikely to be read as ófríðr "un-beautiful". <ákafi>, Þórarinn, Gull-Þóris saga, an Icelandic settler. "The violent"; either noun or a weak adjective. <ofláti>, Aðils, Fornaldar sögur, legendary character; Eyjólfr, Sturlunga saga; Gunnlaugr, Víglundar saga, legendary character; Þórarinn Sturlunga saga, c.1190; Þorgeirr Landnámabók, an Icelandic settler. "The overconfident and handsome". The noun <geirr> "spear" is found as a byname from Landnámabók, for <Þorleikr geirr>, an Icelandic settler. So, <Kata útama geirr> would work, even if a woman with two descriptive bynames, let alone these bynames, would be wildly unlikely.


This item was on the 02-2019 LoAR

5: Kitta Ragnvaldsdottír - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in November of 2015, via the Outlands.

Old Item: Danielle de la Rochelle, to be retained as an alternate name.
No major changes.
Language (Norse) most important.
Culture (Norse) most important.

[Kitta] - a short-form for the name Kristín. pp. xxxiv s.v. "Pet Names" Cleasby, Richard and Guðbrandr Vigfusson. An Icelandic-English Dictionary. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon. 1957.

[Ragnvaldsdottír] - Ragnvaldr is found as a masculine given name in "The Old Norse Name" on p. 14, and the surname is formed following the rules presented in the same. Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name. Studia Marklandica I. Olney, MD: Markland Medieval Militia. 1977.


This item was on the 02-2019 LoAR

6: Nastas'ia Ozerova - New Name

Nastas'ia Ozerova

Submitter desires a feminine name.

[Natas'ia] - heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/n.html

[Ozerov] - heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/o.html

Originally submitted on the September 2018 ILoI/LoP (https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=5425) as <Natas'ia iz Ozerov> but changed by Kingdom, with the submitter's full approval, to <Nastas'ia Ozerova> after it was noted in commentary that <iz Ozerov> was problematic and <Ozerov> needed to be feminized to match the byname which appeared to have a typo.

Additional documentation provided by ffride wlffsdotter:

Wickenden 2nd ed., sn. Anastasiia Nastas'ia Ivanova zhena Grigor'eva. 1476 sn. Alach? Nastas'ia Alacheva. 1599-1600 (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/a.html)

sn. Stepan Nastas'ia Stepanova doch'. Before 1478. (https://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/sp.html) In Wickenden's grammar section, he says: (https://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/zgrammar.html) "Names could also appear with geographical qualifiers, as they do with most other European languages. In the SCA this is most commonly done by taking a name, and adding "iz" (from/of) and the name of the place in the genitive case (e.g., iz Pskova). This construction is artificial, found only in a few questionable contexts, and probably improper medieval usage. Far more common was the transformation of the geographical location into a more standard patronymic construction (i.e., Pskovich -- literally, "son of Pskov"), a noun (Pskovitianin -- "Pskovite"), or an adjective (Pskovskii -- "the Pskovian") (Semenova, 1969: 89)." The only example I can find in Wickenden using this construction is:

sn. Rusian Stanislav Rusiian iz Shcheniatina. 1583. (https://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/r.html) And the last registration I can find using such a construction is from 1995: http://oanda.sca.org//oanda_np.cgi?p=%5CS%2B+iz+&b=broad&c=case-insensitive&l=500&s=name+only&d=mode rn&g=disabled&a=disabled If more evidence for "iz" in names is found, or not, the byname should be Ozerova. In the case of "iz Ozerova" it is because the byname is in the genitive case so adds genitive -a. In the case of the prepositionless form, it is because it needs to match the gender of the given name, and hence uses the feminine ending -a. So Nastas'ia __ Ozerova, or Nastas'ia iz Ozerova.


This item was on the 02-2019 LoAR

7: Sharon of the Roses - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1990, via the Outlands.

Per fess azure and vert, a rose argent barbed Or within an orle of candles argent inflamed proper

Old Item: Per fess azure and vert, a seal naiant to sinister within an orle of candles, enflamed proper, to be released.

Originally submitted on the September 2018 ILoI/LoP (https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=5425) with https://oscar.sca.org/images/emblazons/Outlands/2018-09/sharon-c.jpg but had been pended by Kingdom to get the submitter's permission to use a new emblazon, provided by Orle, where the candles inflamed are more identifiable as candles inflamed. The submitter approved the change.


Thus ends the November 2018 Letter of Intent for the Kingdom of the Outlands.

In Service,

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a

Rampart Herald


OSCAR counts 3 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 2 New Devices and 1 New Device Change. These 7 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $28 for them. There are a total of 7 items submitted on this letter.

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