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Avacal LoI dated 2018-04-25

Greetings from the Avacal College of Heralds,

We have 14 submissions for your commentary.

This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

1: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Black Arrow

"Black" is an everyday colour

"Arrow", as per the pic dic, "An arrow is a feathered shaft, shot from a bow or crossbow as a missile. It's found in the allusive arms of Archer, 1320 [DBA1 10]." http://mistholme.com/dictionary/arrow-arrowhead/

Middle English Dictionary s.n. blā̆k (adj.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED5068

1. (a) Of a black color, black; (1455) Acc.St.Ewen in BGAS 15 154: Item, one sewte of black vestementes.

The spelling <arrow> is found in the OED, s.n. arrow n., dated to 1535: Thys arrow comyth never owt of thyn ownne bow.

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/


This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

2: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Black Shield

"Black" is a everyday colour term.

"Shield" - The Pic Dic also confirms a shield as a heraldic charge in several forms (http://mistholme.com/?s=shield).

s.n. shẹ̄ld (n.) 1. (a) A shield;c1475 Body Pol.(Cmb Kk.1.5) 163/29: All the shieldes [F escus] of the men of armes..semed as it had ben all blode. http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED39833

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/

Middle English Dictionary s.n. blā̆k (adj.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED5068

1. (a) Of a black color, black; (1455) Acc.St.Ewen in BGAS 15 154: Item, one sewte of black vestementes.


This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

3: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Red Bow

"Red" is a everyday colour term.

"Bow", as per the pic dic, "It's found in the canting arms of Bowes, c.1395 [DBA2 214]." Middle English Dictionary http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/med/lookup.html

s.n. boue (n.(1))1. (a) A bow for shooting; longbow, crossbow;a1375 WPal.(KC 13) 179: Smale bestes wiþ his bow he quelles. http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED5675

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/

Middle English Dictionary s.n. rēd (adj.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED36283

1a. (a) Red, of various shades of purple, crimson, scarlet, pink, etc.;

c1450 Pilgr.LM (Cmb Ff.5.30) 55: For colour that is red [F vermeille] up on greene chaumpe, it is wel fair.


This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

4: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Red Buckler

"Red" is a everyday colour term.

"Buckler", as per the pic dic, "Another type is the "buckler" or round shield; also called a "targe" or "target", it's found as an heraldic charge as early as 1312, in the arms of Bosun [ANA2 359]." http://mistholme.com/dictionary/shield/

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/

Middle English Dictionary s.n. rēd (adj.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED36283

1a. (a) Red, of various shades of purple, crimson, scarlet, pink, etc.;

c1450 Pilgr.LM (Cmb Ff.5.30) 55: For colour that is red [F vermeille] up on greene chaumpe, it is wel fair.

OED s.n. buckler, n.2

http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/24192

1578 J. Florio Firste Fruites f. 17v What weapon is that buckler? A clownish dastardly weapon.


This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

5: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Red Drum

"Red" is a everyday colour term.

"Drum" as per the pic dic, "It's a period charge, found in the canting arms (French tambour) of Jehan Tabourot, d.1595." http://mistholme.com/dictionary/drum/

Drum is also a period spelling, just in the OED:

a.1553 Udall Royster D. IV.vii. (Arb.) 74 Now sainct George to borow, Drum dubbe a dubbe afore.

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/

Middle English Dictionary s.n. rēd (adj.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED36283

1a. (a) Red, of various shades of purple, crimson, scarlet, pink, etc.;

c1450 Pilgr.LM (Cmb Ff.5.30) 55: For colour that is red [F vermeille] up on greene chaumpe, it is wel fair.


This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

6: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Red Furison

"Red" is a everyday colour term.

"Furison" as per the pic dic, "The furison is a period charge, found in the arms of Grassawer, c.1340 [Zurich 237]; but its most famous usage is as a badge of the Order of the Golden Fleece, c.1430." Furison is the lingua Anglica form. The only period form in the OED is furisine, dated 1536.

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/

Middle English Dictionary s.n. rēd (adj.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED36283

1a. (a) Red, of various shades of purple, crimson, scarlet, pink, etc.;

c1450 Pilgr.LM (Cmb Ff.5.30) 55: For colour that is red [F vermeille] up on greene chaumpe, it is wel fair.

In commentary, there was a question regarding the spelling and whether or not Furisine would be needed. An older precedent from February 2008 LoAR, A-East

Stonemarche, Barony of. Order name Order of the Furisine of Stonemarche.

Submitted as Order of the Furison of Stonemarche, the earliest date we have found for the spelling furison is the 1889 date from the Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. furison. While furison is the standard spelling used in SCA blazonry, we require that order names based on heraldic charges to use period spellings for the charge names. The OED, s.v. furison, dates the spelling furisine to 1536; we have changed the name to Order of the Furisine of Stonemarche in order to register it.

Our commentary indicates that this has been overturned more recently:

July 2011 LoAR Cover letter has: From Pelican: SCA Blazonry Terms in Order Names and Heraldic Titles We were also asked to consider whether blazonry terms used in the SCA for period charges may be used to create order names and heraldic titles when the terms themselves cannot be dated to period. This is a problem, as we do not know the period terms for some period heraldic charges. As order names were often derived from badges, it seems unfair to say that a period charge for which we have no period name cannot form the basis of an order. Therefore, the standard names used within SCA blazon for charges used in period armory and for charges compatible with period practice (that is, those charges that are not considered a step from period practice) will be allowed in order names and heraldic titles. This does not extend to blazonry terms that were not used to create order names and heraldic titles (like lines of division). While we will allow the use of out of period standard Society blazonry terms for period charges in order names, this usage will carry a step from period practice."

https://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2011/07/11-07cl.html

A blazon search for Furison returned 42 blazons and it has been used in with a couple as recent as last year. It appears to be the standard Society blazonry term for the charge.


This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

7: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Red Helm

"Red" is a everyday colour term.

"Helm", as per the pic dic, "its use as an heraldic charge dates from c.1285, in the arms of Daubeney [ANA2 475]. Throughout period, the type of helm would change, from the great helm in the canting arms of Helmshoven or Helmishofen, c.1340 [Zurich 358] to the barred tournament helm in the arms of Schaden, 1605 [Siebmacher 188]; but in each case, the charge was a "helm", drawn according to the style of the time." http://mistholme.com/dictionary/helm/

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/

Middle English Dictionary s.n. rēd (adj.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED36283

1a. (a) Red, of various shades of purple, crimson, scarlet, pink, etc.;

c1450 Pilgr.LM (Cmb Ff.5.30) 55: For colour that is red [F vermeille] up on greene chaumpe, it is wel fair.

s.n. helm (n.) (a) A helmet

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED20330

(c1390) Chaucer CT.Th.(Manly-Rickert) B.2067: His swerdes shethe of yuory, His helm of latoun bright.


This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

8: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Red Quill

Red" is a everyday colour term.

"Quill" A quills (either pen or of yarn) are both heraldic charges

For spelling quill, the OED has 1575 G. Turberville Bk. Faulconrie 331 The seconde kinde of Teynte which fretteth the principals of a Hawke to the verie Quill.

Was used to register Order of Book and Quill (An Tir, Sep 2015)

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/

Middle English Dictionary: rēd (adj.) 1a. (a) Red, of various shades of purple, crimson, scarlet, pink, etc.; also fig.

https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED36283


This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

9: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Red Stirrup

"Red" is a everyday colour term.

"Stirrup" as per the pic dic, "It's a period charge, dating from 1308 in the arms of Kydemore [ANA2 549]." Stirrup is found in the Oxford Universal English Dictionary, v. IX, p. 2023-2024, cites stirrup to ME. The Middle English Dictionary (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/med/lookup.html ) sub. stirop lists stirrup as an alternative spelling to 1394.

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/

Middle English Dictionary s.n. rēd (adj.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED36283

1a. (a) Red, of various shades of purple, crimson, scarlet, pink, etc.;

c1450 Pilgr.LM (Cmb Ff.5.30) 55: For colour that is red [F vermeille] up on greene chaumpe, it is wel fair.

s.n. stirop (n.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED43004

(1394) *Mun.B.Bridgewater 2: In j carpentario conducto ad faciendum Stirrup secunde campane, iij s.


This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

10: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Sable Flame

Avacal already has Order of the Sable Axe grandfathered to them on the November 2013 LoAR.

"Sable" is a heraldic color term. The April 2012 Cover Letter states: "[W]e are hereby allowing the use of heraldic color terms in order names as well as the everyday terms." http://mistholme.com/dictionary/flame/

The spelling "sable" is dated to 1486 in the Middle English Dictionary s.v. sāble (n.)

"Flame" - as per pic dic, "flames are found in the canting arms of de la Fiama, mid-15th C. [Triv 194], and in the arms of Wells, c.1525 [DBA2 338]".

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith)

http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/

Middle English Dictionary s.n. sāble (adj.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED38194

a) Of a black color;

(?a1439) Lydg. FP (Bod 263) 6.115: Anothir trumpet, of sownis ful vengable, Which bloweth up at feestis funerall Nothyng briht, but of colour sable.. I do..blowe.

Middle English Dictionary s.n. flaume (n.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED16200

2. (a) A flaming mass, a fire; a burning accompanied by flames;

(a1398) * Trev. Barth.(Add 27944) 198a/a: It schyneþ in derke places and it semeþ as it were flame.


This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

11: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Sable Flute

"Sable" is a heraldic color term. The April 2012 Cover Letter states: "[W]e are hereby allowing the use of heraldic color terms in order names as well as the everyday terms." The spelling <sable> is dated to 1486 in the Middle English Dictionary s.v. sāble (n.)

"Flute" As per the Pic Dic, "The flute was mentioned as an heraldic charge by Guillim, 1610 [225], though unattributed." http://mistholme.com/dictionary/flute/

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/

Middle English Dictionary s.n. sāble (adj.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED38194

a) Of a black color;

(?a1439) Lydg. FP (Bod 263) 6.115: Anothir trumpet, of sownis ful vengable, Which bloweth up at feestis funerall Nothyng briht, but of colour sable.. I do..blowe

You may need the OED for the spelling Flute.

Middle English Dictionary s.n. floute (n.) Also fleute, floite, flote. [OF fla(h)ute, fleute.]

A flute.

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED16436

?c1475 *Cath.Angl.(Add 15562) 49a: A fflott [Monson: Flote] of a pipe: ydralla [Monson: jdraula].


This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

12: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Sable Glove

"Sable" is a heraldic color term. The April 2012 Cover Letter states: "[W]e are hereby allowing the use of heraldic color terms in order names as well as the everyday terms." The spelling <sable> is dated to 1486 in the Middle English Dictionary s.v. sāble (n.)

"Glove" Middle English Dictionary indicates

(a1393) Gower CA (Frf 3) prol.357: Upon the hond to were a Schoo And sette upon the fot a Glove Acordeth noght to the behove Of resonable mannes us. Pic Dic indicates that it is "found in the canting arms (German Handschuh) of Handschuhsheim, c.1450 [Ingeram 268]." http://mistholme.com/dictionary/gauntlet-glove/

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/

Middle English Dictionary s.n. sāble (adj.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED38194

a) Of a black color;

(?a1439) Lydg. FP (Bod 263) 6.115: Anothir trumpet, of sownis ful vengable, Which bloweth up at feestis funerall Nothyng briht, but of colour sable.. I do..blowe.

The link for MED entry for glove is

1. (a) A glove; one of a pair of gloves;

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED18883


This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

13: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Sable Saddle

"Sable" is a heraldic color term. The April 2012 Cover Letter states: "[W]e are hereby allowing the use of heraldic color terms in order names as well as the everyday terms." The spelling <sable> is dated to 1486 in the Middle English Dictionary s.v. sāble (n.)

"Saddle", as per the pic dic, "It's normally found as part of a horse's equipage, but may be used as a charge in its own right, as in the arms of the Worshipful Company of Saddlers, 1585 [Bromley & Child 211], and the canting arms of Sattelin, 1605 [Siebmacher 117]." http://mistholme.com/dictionary/saddle/

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/

Middle English Dictionary s.n. sāble (adj.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED38194

a) Of a black color;

(?a1439) Lydg. FP (Bod 263) 6.115: Anothir trumpet, of sownis ful vengable, Which bloweth up at feestis funerall Nothyng briht, but of colour sable.. I do..blowe.

Sadel (one d) is given as a spelling per the MED though.

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED38238

MED s.n. swīn(e (n.) has the spelling saddle from 1409.

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED44244

(1409) MSS Beverley in HMC 100: [All masters..shall..cover their saddles for sale; viz., housed with hides called] Salisbery-lethyr, calf-lethyr, swyn-lether.


This item was on the 07-2018 LoAR

14: Avacal, Kingdom of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2016, via Avacal.

Award of the Sable Wing

Avacal already has Order of the Sable Axe grandfathered to them on the November 2013 LoAR.

"Sable" is a heraldic color term. The April 2012 Cover Letter states: "[W]e are hereby allowing the use of heraldic color terms in order names as well as the everyday terms." The spelling <sable> is dated to 1486 in the Middle English Dictionary s.v. sāble (n.)

"Wing" - An heraldic charge dating from c. 1290 (SCA Pictorial Dictionary, s.n. Wing). OED, 2nd ed., s.n. Wing, defines this as "each of the organs of flight of any flying animal, as a bird." Also "a figure or imitation of a wing." From 1552-3 "with a payre of winges of gold" and 1584 "wings for the spreade eagle" http://mistholme.com/dictionary/wing/

The construction pattern of colour + charge is documented in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/

Middle English Dictionary s.n. sāble (adj.)

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED38194

a) Of a black color;

(?a1439) Lydg. FP (Bod 263) 6.115: Anothir trumpet, of sownis ful vengable, Which bloweth up at feestis funerall Nothyng briht, but of colour sable.. I do..blowe.


Yours in service,

Arwyn of Leicester

White Wyvern Herald

Avacal


OSCAR counts 14 New Order Names. These 14 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $56 for them. There are a total of 14 items submitted on this letter.

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