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Æthelmearc LoI dated 2008-05-31

Greetings unto Elisabeth Laurel, Jeanne Marie Wreath, Margaret Pelican, and the College of Arms from Alheydis Garnet and the Æthelmearc College of Heralds!

It is the intent of the Æthelmearc College of Heralds to register the following devices.

This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

1: Æthelmearc, Kingdom of - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1998, via Æthelmearc

(Fieldess) A stirrup Or strapped gules.

This submission is to be associated with Order of the Golden Stirrup

This kingdom name was registered in January 1998 via AEthelmearc.

We note James Ericsson, (Fieldless) A stirrup Or, leathered azure (registered June 1991 via The West). Albion provided the AEthelmearc College with the registered emblazon of Jame's badge [http://www.aeheralds.net/Letters/AE109/commentary/james-badge.jpg], on which we note that his strapping is rather small, about one-third the height of the stirrup. If Jame's strap is considered small enough to count as a maintained charge, the badge submitted here should be clear by the addition of the gules strap. If Jame's strap is large enough to be considered sustained, then the badge submitted here should be clear by the change of tincture to half the primary charge group.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

2: Barak Elandris Bear the Walsbane - New Augmentation of Arms

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Per chevron inverted grady sable and Or, masoned sable, a bear's paw print Or, and for augmentation in chief a demi-escarbuncle argent.

The submitter's name was registered in March 1990 via the East.

His current device, Per chevron inverted grady sable and Or, masoned sable, in chief a bear's paw print Or, was registered in August 1989 via the East. The registered emblazon may be viewed at http://www.aeheralds.net/Letters/AE111/armory/CL-AE111-Barak-registered.jpg

The standard augmentation of (Fieldless) A demi-escarbuncle argent was registered to the Kingdom ofÆthelmearc in May of 2004 (via AEthelmearc).

The submitter received an augmentation of arms on April 30, AS 39 (2005). The court report may be viewed at: http://www.aeheralds.net/CourtReports/2005.04.30.html


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

3: Beatrix Krieger - New Name & New Device

Or gouty de sang, a cat couchant guardant and on a chief sable an ax fesswise to sinister, blade to base, Or.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound most important.
Language (German 1200's) most important.
Culture (German 1200's) most important.

Beatrix - Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman), "German Names from 1495" [http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/german1495.html] counts one occurrence of the submitted spelling in the data set.

Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman), "German Names from Kulmbach, 1495" [http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/kulmbach1495.html] counts one occurrence of the submitted spelling in the data set, which appears to be part of the same taxation muster as the one which gave rise to the article above.

Withycombe, 3rd ed., p. 44, gives this as a header form, dated with this spelling to 1076-84, 1187-1215, and 1346.

Krieger - Bahlow/Gentry, p. 285, s.n. Kriegk gives this as a co-header form and dates the form Chrieger to 1260. Bahlow gives the origin of the name as Middle High German kriege meaning 'obstinate, cantankerous." The change from Ch to K in the -er form seems reasonable.

Brechenmacher, v. 2, p. 114, s.n. Krieger, gives the origin as Middle High German krieger [warrior] and gives Gerlachus dictus Krigere (später [later] Krieger), citizen of Mainz, dated to 1312.

The question was raised at kingdom as to whether the byname required a feminine suffix, yielding Kriegerin or similar. Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman), "Women's Surnames in 15th- and 16th-Century Germany" [http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/womenssurnames.html] discusses the use of femine suffixes in German women's bynames, and notes the following percentages of unmodified women's bynames in various High German data sets:

Rottweill, 1441 - 5.5% of the women's bynames are unmodified

Kulmbach, 1495 - 11.3%

Nürnberg, and surrounding areas, 1497 - 5.7%


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

4: Brandr húslangr - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2005, via Caid

Azure, on a bend argent cotissed

The submitter's name was registered in February of 2005 (via Caid).

Correction (2008-May-31 19:05:20): The blazon was truncated when cutting and pasting into OSCAR. The intended blazon reads: Azure, on a bend argent cotissed Or a rose gules barbed, stemmed and leaved vert.

Correction (2008-May-31 20:05:10): The blazon was truncated when cutting and pasting into OSCAR. The intended blazon reads: Azure, on a bend argent cotissed Or a rose gules barbed, stemmed and leaved vert.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

5: Briana de Mendoza - New Name & New Device

Gules, an eagle argent and a bordure argent semy of cedar trees vert.

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Briana - The cover letter to the LoAR of December 2001 [http://sca.org/heraldry/loar/2001/12/01-12cl.html] states in part:

The name Briana has been found as the name of a human character in period Spanish literature, specifically the Espejo de Principes y Cavalleros.

Names of human characters in period literature are registerable with certain restrictions. (See the Cover Letter for the November 1999 LoAR for details.) Since Briana is the name of a human character in the Espejo, which was written in Spanish, it meets these requirements and is registerable as a Spanish feminine given name.

The first part of the Espejo was translated into English in 1578.

de Mendoza - Elsbeth Anne Roth (Kathy Van Stone), "16th Century Spanish Names: Locative Bynames by Frequency" [http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/spanish/locatives-freq.html] counts 12 citations of de Mendoza, comprising 3% of the data set, and ranking as the 11th most common locative byname in the date set. Examples given date from 1560 to 1578.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

6: Catalina de Luna - New Name & New Device

Per pale purpure and Or, a quatrefoil and in chief three decresents counter-changed.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound most important.

Catalina - Juliana de Luna,"Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century: Women's Names in Alphabetical Order" [http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/isabella/WomensGivenAlpha.html] counts 46 occurrences of this names in the data set.

de Luna - Ibid, under locatives [http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/isabella/locative.html], lists de Luna as a locative surname. This surname is found three times on the list of "Full Names of Women" [http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/isabella/WomenFullNames.html].

We note that the name is clear of Catalina Riquel de Luna (reg. 04/2007 via Atlantia) by removal of the element Riquel.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

7: Catherine O'Herlihy - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2000, via Æthelmearc

(Fieldless) An otter's head cabossed azure sustaining in its mouth a reed pen argent.

The submitter's name was registered in February 2000 via AEthelmearc.

The question was raised at kingdom as to whether the reed pen is sustained or maintained. We respectfully ask Wreath for judgement.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

8: Daiwyn Cadwaladwr - New Name & New Device

Gules, a mouse rampant contourny argent, in base three fleurs-de-lys two and one Or.

Sound most important.

Daiwyn - Heather Rose Jones, "Snapshot of a Cantref: The Names and Naming Practice in a Mawddwy Court Roll of 1415-16" [http://heatherrosejones.com/names/welsh/mawddwy1415.html] lists this as a derivative of Dafydd and counts 2 occurrences of this form.

Cadwaladwr - Morgan & Morgan, s.n. Cadwaladr, cites Cadwaladwr ap Rice in 1544.

Bardsey, s.n. Cadwallader, cites David ap Cadwallader in 1322.

The name was submitted to kingdom as Daiwyn ap Cadwaladwr. The submission form notes that the submitter "has a mild preference for a name without [sic] 'ap,' if possible." Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn, Compleat Anachronist #66, "A Welsh Miscellany," pp 29-30, states in part:

It sometimes happened that ap or ferch would be omitted in a patronymic... This became even more common towards the end of our period when the particles seem almost optional: A man might be called <A ap B ap C>, <A ap B C>, <A B ap C>, or <A B C> at various times in the same document. This should not be confused with the modern practice of given [sic] a person two or more given names. To take a real example from the late-period record mentioned above, <Owen Thomas Mathias Brown> is the son of <Thomas Mathias Brown> and the brother of <Lewis Thomas Mathias Brown>
Although the name list in this source is no longer acceptable as sole documentation for a name, the cover letter to LoAR April 2007 notes that "the information about name formation is still acceptable as sole documentation for naming paterns."


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

9: Elizabeth Thorne - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in September of 2008, via Æthelmearc.

Old Item: Rose Thorne, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for 12th-14th century England.
Language (12th-14th century England) most important.
Culture (12th-14th century England) most important.

Her old name, Rose Thorne, was registered in November 1992 via the East.

Elizabeth - Withycombe, 3rd ed., p. 100, s.n. Elizabeth, dates the submitted spelling to 1205.

Thorne - The byname is grandfathered to the submitter.

Also, Bardsley, p. 746, s.n. Thorn, dates Hugh Thorne to 1273.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

10: Gabriel de Wenslagh - New Name & New Device

Gules, a stag at gaze and on a chief argent three bickerns gules.

Language (English 14th century (early)) most important.
Culture (English 14th century (early)) most important.

Gabriel - St. Gabriel report #1400 [www.s-gabriel.org/1400] cites various spellings of the name, including Gabriel filius Reginaldi in 1212 and Gabriele Spyg in 1296.

Julian Goodwyn, "English Names Found in Brass Inscriptions: Male Given Names" [http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/brasses/men.html] dates one occurrence of Gabriel to 1512.

de Wenslagh - Julian Goodwyn, "English Names Found in Brass Inscriptions: Surnames A-H" [http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/brasses/lastnameAH.html] dates one occurrence of this form to 1306.

Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme and Akagawa Yoshio, A Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry, s.v. anvil, gives "bickern" as another name for a two-headed anvil.

We note that one of the front legs of the stag appears to be very slightly bent, but the position of the hoof seems to be resting on the "ground", on the same plane as that of the corresponding rear hoof. Thus, the posture appears to be clearly statant. We defer the Wreath as to whether an artist's note is sufficient, or whether a redraw is in order.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

11: Ghita Rinaldi de Amici - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (14th-15th century Italian) most important.
Culture (14th-15th century Italian) most important.

Ghita - Rhian Lyth's "Italian Personal Names" from the Heraldic Proceedings of AS XXIV, dates this name to 1370.

Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor Vale, "Italian Renaissance Women's Names" [http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/italian.html] gives a simple listing of 14th and 15th century Italian names, including the submitted Ghita.

Rinaldi - Rhian Lyth's "Italian Personal Names" from the Heraldic Proceedings of AS XXIV, dates Rinaldo to 1383. Rinaldi is a patronymic form of Rinaldo.

Ferrante LaVolpe, "Family Names Appearing in the Catasto of 1427" [http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto/family_names.html] counts one occurrence of Rinaldi.

Ferrante LaVolpe, "Italian Names from Florance, 1427: Alphabetical names list" [http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto/names.txt] counts 17 occurrences of Rinaldo.

de Amici - Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien), "Italian Men's Names in Rome, 1473-1484: Bynames with Examples (sorted alphabetically)" [http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/Studium/BynAlphaExamples.html#deAmici] dates Bernardino de Amici to 1483 and 1484. In the analysis [http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/Studium/BynAlphaAnalysis.html], the author states, "By the time period of these records, many of these bynames were no longer used literally. Rather, they were inherited."


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

12: Giovanni da Monza - New Name & New Device

Gyronny Or and sable, three griffins segreant gules.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Giovanni - Maridonna Benvenuti, "Milanese Notaries 1396-1635" [http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/maridonna/milaneseNotaries/] dates Giovanni Ambrogio Biraghi to 1540-1587 in the raw data.

da - Italian locative preposition meaning "of" or "from."

Monza - Maridonna Benvenuti, "Mercator's Place Names of Italy in 1554: Northern Italy" [http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/maridonna/mercator/north.html] lists Monza under the "Lombardia" header. (Note for geographic compatibility: Milan is under the same header in the same article.)


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

13: Griffin le Grey - New Name & New Device

Argent, on a chevron between three ships in full sail azure three escallops argent.

Griffin - Reany and Wilson, s.n. Griffin, have Griffin filius Gurgan 1130, Robert Grifin 1148, and Osbertus filius Griffini 1153-68.

Withycombe, s.n. Griffin, Griffith, Gives Griffinus Hull and Griffinus seu Griffith Kynaston, both dated to 1428 in Shropshire.

le Grey - Reaney and Wilson, s.n. Gray give le Greie, le Gray and le Grey all dated to 1296.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

14: Grímólfr berserkr - New Name & New Device

Per pale azure and argent, three wolf's heads erased counterchanged.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (Grim wolf + psychotic) most important.

Grímólfr - Geirr-Bassi, p. 10, counts 5 occurrences of this name in the Landnámabók.

berserkr - Geirr-Bassi, p. 20, counts 1 occurrence of this descriptive byname in the Landnámabók and gives the meaning as "berserk."

Geirr-Bassi, p. 19, in the section on nicknames states:

Titles, such as konungr `king', jarl `earl', or callings such as berserkr `berserk', skáld `skald' are treated as nicknames; they follow the given name but precede other nicknames: Haraldr konungr hárfagri `King Harald Fairhair', Sveinn konungr tjúguskegg `King Sveinn Forkbeard'.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

15: Gytha Oddsdottir - Resub Name & Resub Device

Per chevron inverted azure and vert, in chief a cat dormant Or and issuant from dexter base three wolf's teeth argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound most important.

The submitter's previous submission of Gytha Oggesdohtor was returned at Laurel in August 2007 with the following comments:

Conflict with Gytha Ogg, a major character in the Discworld series by Terry Pratchett. The byname Ogg is an unmarked patronymic or metronymic; RfS V.1.a.ii.a says "Two bynames of relationship are significantly different if the natures of the relationships or the objects of the relationships are significantly different." As both Ogg and Oggesdohtor may express the same nature and object of relationship, these names are in conflict.
This submission introduces a consonant change to avoid the conflict with the fictional character Gytha Ogg.

Gytha - Withycombe, p. 135, s.n. Githa, states that this Norse name is found in England in the 11th century and cites Countess Gytha, the Danish wife of Godwin, Earl of Wessex, c. 1054.

Geirr-Bassi, p. 10, lists the feminine Gyða as an orthographic variant from the Landnámabók.

Oddsdottir - The Sagas of the Icelanders (Viking Penguin 2000) ISBN: 0-670-88990-3 notes at least 7 different Odds . These references span 7 different sagas, with some sagas referring to more than one of the 7 separate individuals. No photocopies of this sources were provided.

The Diplomatarium Norvegicum (search engine at [http://www.dokpro.uio.no/dipl_norv/diplom_field_eng.html]) contains the transcription of approximately 20,000 diplomas connected to Norway in the period 1050 to 1590. Searching on "Odd" yields:

Odd Amunda sun - 1303

Odder Ozsen - 1324

Odd Halla son - 1339

Odd Iorunnarson - 1325

Magnildæ Odz dotter - 1438

and others

Geirr-Bassi, p. 13, counts 24 occurrences of <Oddr> in the Landnámabók. Thus, Oddsdóttir would be the expected Norse feminine patronymic, according to the information on the formation of patronymics in Geirr-Bassi, p. 17.

The combination of Anglo-Saxon and Old Norse was ruled one step from period practice in 2001 [Ethelfleda Daviðsdottir, 12/01]

The submitter's previous device submission, Per chevron inverted azure and vert, a cat dormant Or and issuant from dexter base three wolf's teeth argent, was returned at Laurel in August 2007 with the following comments:

The device is returned as the emblazon is unlikely to be recreated from any blazon we can derive. The cat isn't really in chief since it lies partially on the azure portion of the field and partially on the vert. Nor is it in the center of the shield, which is where the current blazon would place it.

While the overall design of this device does not appear to resemble armory, the concept is registerable. Electrum looked for examples of wolf's teeth with other charges in Seibmach. He noted:

I found only one such example, on page 155, Keudel zu Schwebda, which can be blazoned as Argent, a fess vert and in chief six wolf's teeth, three from the dexter and three from the sinister, sable. Of note in the mode of depiction here are 1) the sets of three wolves' teeth on the dexter, and the three on the sinister are each conjoined at the base. 2) Each set of two from top to bottom (1 dexter and 1 sinister) are within millimeters of being conjoined on the palar line. Unfortunately, The Keudel arms were the only ones I noted.

I think the problems here are 1) the cat is too low on the field (it should be either fully centered on the field, or should default to its proper position fully on the blue). 2) The wolves' teeth are not properly conjoined at base. 3) If the cat gets back up where it belongs, then the wolves' teeth could be drawn larger. I will note that the example of Keudel does justify use of another charge with the teeth, and the forcing the teeth to chief or base as necessary.

We note that if the cat is centered on the field, it is unlikely that the wolf's teeth can be drawn in an acceptable manner. Thus, if this design is resubmitted, we recommend that the cat lie entirely on the azure portion of the field.
This design follows Laurel's suggestion by placing the cat entirely on the azure section of the field.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

16: Nishimura Saburou - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (third son) most important.

Nishimura - Solveig Throndardottir, Name Construction in Mediaeval Japan, p. 104, dates this surname to 1568 and gives the meanings of the elements as "west" (nishi) and "village" (mura).

Saburou - Solveig Throndardottir, Name Construction in Mediaeval Japan, p. 212, dates this masculine yobina to 1572 and gives the meaning as "third son."

In kingdom-level commentary, Solveig Throndardottir noted that an adult bushi would be expected to have a nanori, in addition to the zokumyô. However, her Name Construction in Mediaeval Japan, p. 68, states that "normative practice for all others [other than the kuge and buke classes], as demonstrated by census records, was clan name followed by zokumyou (vulgar name)." Since the submitter has not requested authenticity to either the kuge or buke class, the name should be registerable as submitted.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

17: Petr Kotok - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2007, via Æthelmearc

Quarterly gules and sable, a bezant between eight sickles, hafts to center, in annulo Or.

The submitter's name was registered in September 2007 via AEthelmearc.

We note the following precedent:

Elijah Tynker. Device. Per pale argent and sable, in pale a sickle and roundel counterchanged.

This device must be returned, as by long standing precedent, a single abstract symbol may not be registered. As previously noted, "[in pale a fleam inverted and a roundel] ... the combination of the fleam inverted and the roundel creates the appearance of a single charge -- a question mark -- instead of two separate charges. [Dafydd Ó Nuallain, 11/99, R-East]." On resubmission the submitter should show evidence that the use of punctuation marks - or a combination of charges that appears to be a punctuation mark - is compatible with period heraldic practice. [December 2005, Outlands]

Here, the sickles all share the same roundel, which is significantly larger than each sickle. We defer to Wreath as to whether this design runs afoul of the cited precedent.

We note also the visiual similarity to a sun and note several possible visual conflicts as follows:

Wendryn Townsend (1/73 ??) -- Azure, a sun in glory Or.

William Allan (1/73 ??) -- Barry of six gules and argent, a sun in his glory Or.

Macedonia (badge [important non-SCA flag], 12/94 Laurel) -- Gules, a sun Or.

Macedonia, Republic of (badge [important non-SCA flag], 12/94 Laurel) -- Gules, a sun of eight straight rays throughout Or.

We defer to Wreath for judgement as to whether the submitted design conflicts visually with a sun.


This item was on the 09-2008 LoAR

18: Willehalm Sturmere - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for 13th century.
Language most important.
Culture most important.

Submitted to kingdom as Willehalm Stürmer, it was changed at kingdom to comply with the submitter's request for authenticity.

Willehalm - Talan Gwynek, "Medieval German Given Names from Silesia" [http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/bahlow_v.htm] dates this spelling to 1213.

Stürmer/Sturmere - Bahlow, p. 497, s.n. Sturm, gives Stürmer as an alternate undated header form.

Brian M. Scott, "Some Early Middle High German Bynames with Emphasis on Names from the Bavarian Dialect Area" [http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/Early_German_Bynames.html] gives STURMÆRE and STÜRMÆRE as normalized Middle High German forms, and documents the spelling Sturmere to 1161, 1197 and 1227.

Brechenmacher - p. 699, s.n. Stürmer, gives Wernh. Sturmere zu Selz, 1197 and Herbord Sturmere, 1227, and also gives S. Stormer, but the dating is unclear. If this last forms part of the preceding citation, the date is 1227.

Correction (2008-Jul-18 05:07:23): The submitter asks that this name be withdrawn from consideration.


This concludes the Æthelmearc Letter of Intent AE111 for May 31, 2008


OSCAR counts 11 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 10 New Devices, 2 New Badges and 1 New Augmentation of Arms. These 25 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $75 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Name and 1 Resub Device. These 2 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 27 items submitted on this letter.

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