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Outlands LoI dated 2016-01-31

From the Office of Rampart Herald

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a (Nicole Riviezzo)

rampart@outlandsheralds.org

Unto the Sovereigns and members of the College of Arms of the Society, does Khalidah bint Yahya'a, Rampart Herald send her greetings.

What follows is the January 2016 Letter of Intent for the Kingdom of the Outlands.

I would like to thank Green Anchor & The NE Calontir Commenting Group, Orgress, Liber, Maridonna Benvenuti, and all of the heralds who were kind enough to contribute comments on OSCAR.

It is my intent to register this January the following items from the Outlands' College of Heralds.

This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

1: Achius Odinson - New Name Change & Resub Device

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in April of 2016, via the Outlands.

Per chevron azure and sable, a chevron ermine between two axes blades to center and a cross patonce argent

Old Item: Achius filius Odini, to be released.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (Achius/Achaius, Odinson/Odinsone) most important.
Meaning (Son of (a man named) Odin) most important.

[Achius] -- This given name was previously registered to the submitter on the September 2015 LoAR. (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2015/09/15-09lar.html) The name is the Latinized form of the Anglo-Scandanavian name Achi, dated to 1086, and the client wishes to keep it.

[Odinson] -- Patronymic byname meaning son of (a man named) Odin. The patronymic byname 'filius Odini' was registered to the submitter on the same LoAR.

Four instances of men named Odin occur in the Domesday Book as lords in 1086. One of them, Odinus Camerari, has a son, also listed as a lord, who is shown as Hungerus filius Odini (the genitive of Odinus).

All scanned images for documentation were retrieved from Open Domesday (http://opendomesday.org/).

Links for citations go directly to the page that contains the snippet of the Domesday Book, which has a link to the same full page image sent with this documentation.

1. Odin, Whitford, Ati's Cross, Cheshire: http://opendomesday.org/place/SJ1478/whitford/

2. Odin, Chobham, Surrey: http://opendomesday.org/place/SU9761/chobham/ (Reference to Odin is on Surrey VI: http://opendomesday.org/book/surrey/06/)

3. Odin of Windsor (Odin de Windsores), Crondall, Hampshire: http://opendomesday.org/place/SU8655/cove/ (Reference to Odin is on

Hampshire IX: http://opendomesday.org/media/images/ham/09.png)

4. Odin the chamberlain (Odinus Camerari), Swindon, Wiltshire: http://opendomesday.org/place/SU1583/swindon/

5. Hungerus f. Odini, Broadwindsor, Dorset: http://opendomesday.org/place/ST4302/broadwindsor/

The submitter previously registered 'filius Odini' but wishes to use Odinson instead. A discussion on English surnames ending in -son can be found in the introduction to Reaney & Wilson's A Dictionary of English Surnames, pp xix-xx. This naming style was more commonly found in the north where there was more Scandanavian influence. Examples include Godricsone (1066), filius Marie (1292) being recorded later as Marysone (1298) and multiple others that include patronymic, metronymic and occupational bynames as surnames (e.g., Smythson or Clerkessone).

The pattern of a mixed name composed of Latinized and English elements can also be seen earlier in R&W's introduction under Variation of Surnames, pp xi-xiii. Some examples are Johannes Gyffard dictus le Boef (1297), Adam filius Remigii (12th C), Agnes filia Petronille (1299) and others which mix Latinized forms with common English forms of names or surnames.

Additional Documentation by Liber:

We also have Odin Goldeberd dated to 1327 in R&W s.n. Oden -- which is roughly contemporary to the example of filius Marie (1292) and Marysone (1298) -- so the name was in use (though rarely) in England beyond the 11th Century.

The previous submission, Per chevron azure and sable, a chevron ermine between two axes in chevron blades to center and a cross patonce argent, was returned on the September 2015 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2015/09/15-09lar.html#Outlands_returns19) with the following: {This device is returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of Posture and Orientation, which states "A charge group in which postures for different charges must be blazoned individually will not be allowed without period examples of that combination of postures." The charges here are not in a unified arrangement, as the axes must be blazoned separately from the cross in order to adequately describe their positioning. Please advise the submitter to draw fewer and larger ermine spots so they are easier to identify.}


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

2: Adam ben Avram - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2010, via the Outlands.

Per pale vert and azure, a column Or


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

3: Adam Stedefast - New Augmentation of Arms

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2000, via the Outlands.

Per chevron azure and sable, a phoenix Or rising from flames proper issuant from the line of division and a rose argent, and for augmentation, on a canton vert, a key inverted and a stick hobbyhorse in saltire within a bordure embattled Or


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

4: Aegeon the Actor - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2013, via the Outlands.

Or, a double rose sable barbed and seeded proper within a bordure embattled vert


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

5: Anne la Trouvere - New Name & New Device

Vert, a teazel slipped and leaved and on a chief Or, three lozenges throughout azure

Sound (Please keep Anne!) most important.
Meaning (troubadour) most important.

"Anne" is an English/French feminine given name beginning first in england around the 13th Century. (Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names by EG Withycombe, 2nd Edition, pg. 24)

"la Trouvere" is old French meaning "the troubadour," <trouvere> dated to 1225 (http://www.cnrtl.fr/definition/trouv%C3%A8re)


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

6: Bengeirr Smiðr - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2015, via the Outlands.

Per bend sinister nebuly sable and vairy vert and argent a raven contourny argent

The previous submission, Per bend sinister nebuly sable and vairy vert and argent, a sinister wing issuant from dexter argent, was returned on the September 2015 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2015/09/15-09lar.html#Outlands_returns19) with the following: {This device is returned for conflict with the protected arms of Dante Aligheri: Azure, a sinister wing argent. There is only a single DC, for changing the field. The wing in this submission cannot be in the center of the field as it would thus be partly on the argent portion of the field. That means the move has to be considered forced and so cannot provide the second DC required.}


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

7: Caerthe, Barony of - New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973, via Laurel.

Order of the Sable Destrier of Caerthe

(Fieldless) Two lances in saltire vert surmounted by a horse's head contourny erased sable

Meaning (equestrian) most important.

This is a new baronial award for excellence in equestrian activities, modeled after the Sable Lion of Caerthe.

Sable - The August 2005 cover letter says that 'orders named for heraldic charges or for items that, while not found in period as heraldic charges, may be used as heraldic charges... may contain the ordinary color names of any heraldic tincture.'

Destrier - a war horse, c. 1300, from Old French destrier

Originally submitted as <Sable Destrier of Caerthe>. The designator, like that of <Sable Lion of Caerthe, Order of the> which the Order name was modeled after, was added by Kingdom with acceptance of the submitting herald and Barony's Baron & Baroness.


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

8: Citadel of the Southern Pass, Barony of the - New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 1984, via Atenveldt.

Order of the Praeceptor Australis

Azure, two piles inverted Or, in chief a lamp argent

Language (Latin 15th century) most important.
Culture (Latin 15th century) most important.

[Australis]--"southern", which is documented and in use since the first award of the Citadel of the Southern as of 1984. Found as a translated work by William Whitaker's Words out of the University of Notre Dame(http://archives.nd.edu/words.html).

[Praeceptor]--"Teacher", Found as a translated work by William Whitaker's Words out of the University of Notre Dame(http://archives.nd.edu/words.html). 1169 VII 29, Benevento: letter(pope Alexander III to Archbishop Henry of Rheims), mention: NN, praeceptor Hospitalis( probably Guy of Mahon)(The Central Convent of Hospitallers and Templars: History, Organization, and Personnel(1099/1120-1310)).

A scholar's house, which was completed in 1538, served the "Praeceptor Germaniae" (Teacher of Germany) as a residence and study in close proximity to the university. Elector John Frederick I, known as John the Magnanimous, had the three-storey building erected to keep the highly educated professor in Wittenberg. The generously proportioned house fulfilled its purpose: Melanchthon, who taught at the local university from 1518, lived and worked there until his death in 1560.[Philipp Melanchthon als Praeceptor Germaniae, Volume 7,pg. VIII]

(http://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1489/2015-12-15/22-10-09_citadel1.jpg)(https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1489/2015-12-15/22-10-11_citadel2.jpg)

The order name follows the same pattern as other order names previously registered by the Barony including Order of Arquites Australes (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2004/01/04-01lar.html). Originally submitted as <The Order of the Praeceptor Australis> but the <The> was dropped by Kingdom to match the same Order pattern as previous registrations.

Originally submitted a different emblazon (http://oscar.sca.org/emblazons/Outlands/2015-12/citadel-c.jpg) but was updated by the submitting herald after commentors mentioned the original emblazon did not match the blazon's implied intention.


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

9: Dagun of Rio de las Animas - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Outlands LoI of November 27, 2015 as submitted.

Per fess azure and vert, a fret Or between three mullets argent

Originally submitted with a different emblazon (http://oscar.sca.org/emblazons/Outlands/2015-12/dagun-c.jpg) but new art was submitted by the submitting herald after commentors noted the original's fret was too large and the mullets were too scrunched into the corners.


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

10: Doran von Falkenstein - New Name Change From Holding Name

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in April of 2016, via the Outlands.

Old Item: Glen of the Outlands, to be released.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound most important.

The submitter's previous name submission was returned on the June 1994 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/1994/06/lar.html), but the holding name Glen of the Outlands was created in order to register his arms.

[Doran] -- English given name. Found in Familysearch.org records, summarized as follows:

Doran Salte, M, 28 Feb 1567, Bodmin, Cornwall, England. Batch P00275-1. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N51B-Q86

Doran Goune, M, 08 May 1568, Bodmin, Cornwall, England. Batch P00275-1. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N51B-Q8F

[von Falkenstein] -- German locative byname. Found in Academy of St Gabriel Report #2506. It mentions that Falkenstein can be found as a place name as early as 1281 with the following citations from Brechenmacher: s.nn. Falkenstein(er), Salzburg(er), Wolfauer, Wolfinger, Wolfrath, Wolfsberg, Wolfurt(er).

http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?2506+0

The February 2015 Cover Letter allows for given names borrowed from English to be counted as German given names when combined with a German byname:

"Therefore, we will not add the English-German lingual mix to Appendix C of SENA. However, we will allow the borrowing of given names from German into English and vice versa, in the context of the 16th and early 17th centuries. An English given name that is borrowed from German is considered to be English under Appendix C, and a German given name that is borrowed from English is considered to be German." http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2015/02/15-02cl.html

So, this name is formed in the acceptable pattern of [English given name] + [German byname] per the 2/15 cover letter, with all elements existing/possible in the 16th Century.


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

11: Elizabeth Bakere - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2015, via the Outlands.

(Fieldless) Three annulets interlaced two and one azure

Originally submitted with an emblazon that did not have interlocking rings (https://oscar.sca.org/emblazons/Outlands/2015-12/elizabeth-c.jpg). The emblazon was updated by Kingdom to match the same style of interlocking rings on the submitter's registered device's emblazon (https://oscar.sca.org/emblazons/Outlands/2015-02/elizabeth-b.jpg)


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

12: Erchambaut le Breton - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Outlands LoI of August 31, 2015 as submitted.

Argent, semy of bees gules


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

13: Florie Edde of Braemar - New Name

<Florie ingen> -- The Academy of St Gabriel Report #2168 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/2168.txt) gives Florie as a Scottish name dated to 1190-1220, which is what the submitter desires. The word <ingen> is also given as the form used prior to 1200.

<Edde> -- <Edde> appears in Bardsley, p 264, s.n. Eddie.

The website for Braemar, Scotland, has a history page, mentioning the history of Braemar from its earliest existence as a wooden fort built by 8th Century Picts through the present day, including visits by Kenneth II in 1060, and Edward III of England (and his army) passing through around June 9th 1336. http://braemarscotland.co.uk/history/

Excerpt from Celtic Culture: Aberdeen breviary-celticism by John T. Koch (2006). (https://books.google.com/books?id=f899xH_quaMC&pg=PA919&dq=scottish+history+of+braigh+mharr&hl=en#v= onepage&q=scottish%20history%20of%20braigh%20mharr&f=false) While noting that the Highland games are a Victorian invention, Koch notes 11th Century games held near Braigh Mharr to select royal messengers as a possible inspiration for the games. [I will attach a modified screenshot of the relevant text, as it splits across the columns of the original text. -- Liber] (http://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1874/2015-12-16/13-36-05_braemar.jpg)

Additional Documentation by Ogress:

<ingen> is used only in pre-1200 Gaelic. Neither <Florie> nor <Edde> is Gaelic, however. <Florie> is proto-Scots; <Edde> is English. <ingen> is not appropriate in this name.

In addition to the cited St. Gabriel Report, <Florie> is found as in Talan Gwynek's "A List of Feminine Personal Names Found in Scottish Records" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/scottishfem.html), dated to 1190-1220.

The root source for both the St. Gabriel Report and Talan's article is Black's Surnames of Scotland.

<Edde> is an English given name in Bardsley. However, unmarked patronymics can be used in both English and Scots, so the form <Florie Edde> is a registerable option.

Johnston, Place Names of Scotland p. 49 s.n. Braemar gives a couple of dated forms for the place name, but none of them are <Brae Mharr>. She could use <of Braemar> as a Lingua Anglica form.

Originally submitted as <Florie ingen Edde de Brae Mharr> but, based on commentary, changes to the name were accepted as <Florie>, <Edde> and <Braemar/Brae Mharr> were the most important elements to the submitter.


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

14: Gillian Elizabeth Dawnser - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2014, via the Outlands.

Vert, semy of roses Or, a goat courant to sinister argent


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

15: Godric Friis - New Name

<Godric finc> appears in Academy of st. Gabriel Report #3250, recorded in a charter dated between 1046 and 1053. (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/3250.txt)

<Godric> - [Bardsley] p 323

Additional Documentation provided by Liber:

<Godric filius Ringolf> appears in R&W s.n. Ringell, dated to circa 1250. English and Dutch can be combined between 1100 and 1600 per SENA Appendix C under that guideline.

We also have the later period <Godricke>: Godricke Hessell, M, 13 April 1583, Sutton-le-Marsh, Lincoln, England. Batch #C03196-2. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NGPZ-KZ1

And the equally late period alternate Dutch version of the surname, <Frijs>: Johannes Frijs, M, 17 May 1598, Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands. Batch #C00051-6. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XBY3-V9N


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

16: Helena de Eyncurt - New Name

Language (13th C Anglo-Norman) most important.
Culture (13th C Anglo-Norman) most important.

[Helena] -- Reaney & Wilson, s.n. Ellen. Helena de Sutton, dated 1210 (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyHZ.html)

[de Eyncurt] -- R&W, s.n. d'Eyncourt, Danecourt does list de Eyncurt in 1243


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

17: Liliona Ruth Hampton - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2015, via the Outlands.

Argent, three fleur de lis purpure between two bendlets vert, all between two lilies gules, slipped and leaved proper


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

18: Marco Paolo d'Este - New Device

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Marco Paolo d'Este in September of 2015, via the Outlands.

Gules, flaunches vairy sable and argent


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

19: Outlands, Kingdom of the - New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 1986, via the Outlands.

Order of the Argent Fleece

Vert, a fleece argent within a bordure embattled Or

This order name follows the common pattern of <color>+<charge>, and is very similar to the most famous historical Order in existence, the Order of the Golden Fleece. Submitters would prefer the order name as submitted, but would also accept "Order of the Argent Fleece of the Outlands" to minimize any appearance of presumption against the Order of the Golden Fleece.


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

20: Rafael Fernando Montes de Castillo - New Name & New Device

Argent, three escarbuncles one and two sable and on a point pointed fleury gules a tower Or

Language (16th Century Spain) most important.
Culture (16th Century Spain) most important.

The name pattern is double given name + double surname.

[Rafael] -- Masculine given name. Found in FamilySearch.org records:

Rafael Rodriguez, 24 Jul 1602, El Salvador, Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain. Batch M87122-7. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FF26-962

Rafael Rodriguez, 22 May 1605, Santa Maria Y Santiago, Bercero, Valladolid, Spain. Batch M87145-4. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F5ZV-VMT

Rafael Artiguez, 29 Apr 1599, Diocesis de Granada, Granada, Spain. Batch M79101-3. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FFKK-PYM

[Fernando] -- Masculine given name. Found 104 times in the account books of Isabel of Castilla per "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century" by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) (2000). http://heraldry.sca.org/names/isabella/index.html

[Montes] -- Byname. Found in FamilySearch.org records:

Francisco Montes, 25 Nov 1596, Santa María, Medina De Rioseco, Valladolid, Spain. Batch M87309-4. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FFH6-7SF

Maria Ana Montes, 28 Nov 1579, Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain. Batch M87118-1. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FFC9-QM6

Andres Montes, 31 Mar 1599, San Pelayo, Olivares De Duero, Valladolid, Spain. Batch M87313-2. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FFC3-GBT

[de Castillo] -- Locative byname. Ibid.

Agustin de Castillo, 08 Feb 1595, Santa Cecilia, Villalán De Campos, Valladolid, Spain. Batch M86233-2. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FFH4-11L

Lorenza de Castillo, 02 Jun 1595, San Juan Bautista, Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain. Batch M87103-1. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FFHH-1Q3

Catalina de Castillo, 02 Sep 1583, Santa María, Medina De Rioseco, Valladolid, Spain. Batch M87309-4. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FFHD-H6G


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

21: Robert de Arsur - New Name & New Device

Sable, an alphyn passant and on a point pointed fleury argent a Latin cross fourchy gules

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Late 12th/Early 13th resident of Crusader-controlled Arsur in Palestine.) most important.
Culture (Late 12th/Early 13th resident of Crusader-controlled Arsur in Palestine.) most important.
Meaning (Late 12th/Early 13th resident of Crusader-controlled Arsur in Palestine.) most important.

[Robert] -- Masculine given name. Found in "Men's Given Names from Early 13th C England" by Talan Gwynek (Brian Scott) with 58 occurrences. http://heraldry.sca.org/names/eng13/eng13m.html

[de Arsur] -- Locative byname. Referenced in Itinerarum Peregrinorum et Gesta Regis Ricardi, an account of Richard I and his involvement in the Third Crusade, edited by William stubbs and published in 1864. Stubbs mentions in the foreword (https://books.google.com/books?id=O_49AAAAcAAJ&pg=PP7#v=onepage&f=false) that the text was to be kept as correct as possible, and compiled from the best MSS available. Arsuf was originally taken by Crusaders in 1101 and renamed Arsur. It fell in 1187 and was retaken after Richard I defeated Saladin during the battle of Arsuf in 1191. Arsur was held until 1265, when Muslim armies recaptured it and razed the defenses. The town is mentioned several times, but here is an example from the army taking a position outside the walls during the battle: (https://books.google.com/books?id=O_49AAAAcAAJ&vq=Arsur&pg=PA274#v=snippet&q=Arsur&f=false) (https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1489/2015-12-15/23-11-32_robert1.jpg)

Submitter is also willing to accept <de Arsuf>.


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

22: Robyn Greenley - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (Robin/Robyn) most important.
Spelling (Robyn (with the y)) most important.

[Robyn] -- Robyn, English, dated between 1350 and 1450 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?2285+0)

I/Y is a common switch in England.

Robin Best, F, 12 Jan 1639, Broughton by Briff, Lincoln, England. Batch C02687-3. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N21G-NLN

Robin Kennedy, F, 11 Mar 1604, Kelso, Roxburgh, Scotland. Batch C11793-2. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XT14-7B3

[Greenley] -- Byname. English. Found in FamilySearch.org records:

Alexandri Greenley, M, 17 Oct 1591, Amcotts, Lincoln, England. Batch M02699-3. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NXQ7-CPB

Johannes Greenley, M, 06 Sep 1596, Belton, Lincolnshire, England. Batch C01849-7. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N6C6-BZ4


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

23: Roger Warwick - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in April of 2016, via the Outlands.

Old Item: Roger de Gilbert, to be released.
Submitter desires a masculine name.

From FamilySearch IGI records:

Roger Warwick, Marriage, 24 Oct 1599, Kingsbury, Warwick, England.

Batch #M02140-3. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NV8K-NJG

Roger Warwick, Christening, 25 Mar 1591, St Botolph Without Aldgate,

London, London, England. Batch #C00633-1.

https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JW73-PQL

Roger Warwick, Christening, 04 Nov 1546, St Mary's, Watford, Hertford,

England. Batch #C07305-1.

https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J74X-7PT


This item was on the 04-2016 LoAR

24: Salvatore dei Medici - New Name

Language (15th Century Italy (Florence)) most important.
Culture (15th Century Italy (Florence)) most important.

[Salvatore] -- Given name. Found in "Names from 15th and 16th Century Pisa" by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) (2013), occurring 118 times between 1457 and 1557. Retrieved 7/2/2015 from: http://heraldry.sca.org/kwhss/2014/Juliana_de_Luna/Names_from_15th_and_16th_Century_Pisa.pdf

[dei Medici] -- Surname. Common in 15th Century Florence, per Academy of St. Gabriel Report 1093, by Walraven van Nijmegen as <de' Medici>. The scribal abbreviation has been removed. Retrieved 7/2/2015 from: http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?1093+0

Additional Documentation provided by Maridonna Benvenuti:

A later Academy report 3230 of 24 Nov 2006 gives this info: "In a study of names from Florence between 1282 and 1532, the family name <Medici> occurs 593 times, making it one of the most popular family names. [1] The standard form of this family name is <dei Medici>, and it is often abbreviated <de' Medici> [2], so this is a fine choice."

References [1] Herlihy, David, R. Burr Litchfield, and Anthony Molho, "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532" (WWW: Brown University, Providence, RI, 2000). http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/

[2] "The Medici Archive Project" (WWW: Medici.org, 2005)

http://documents.medici.org/document_details.cfm?entryid=18942&returnstr=orderby=SendName@is_search= 1@result_id=0 lists <Giuliano de' Medici> in Florence 1539

http://documents.medici.org/document_details.cfm?entryid=6069&returnstr=orderby=SendName@is_search=1 @result_id=0 lists <Tommaso de' Medici> in Florence 1543

http://documents.medici.org/document_details.cfm?entryid=6871&returnstr=orderby=SendName@is_search=1 @result_id=20 lists <Zanobi de' Medici> in Florence 1545

http://documents.medici.org/volume_details.cfm?mdp=196 lists <duca Cosimo I dei Medici> 1551-1555

Report URL: http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/3230.txt


Thus ends the January 2016 Letter of Intent.

In Service,

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a

Rampart Herald


OSCAR counts 8 New Names, 2 New Name Changes, 3 New Order Names, 9 New Devices, 5 New Badges and 1 New Augmentation of Arms. These 28 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $84 for them. OSCAR counts 1 New Holding Name Change. OSCAR counts 2 Resub Devices. These 3 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 31 items submitted on this letter.

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