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Outlands LoI dated 2015-07-28

From the Office of Rampart Herald

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a (Nicole Riviezzo)

rampart@outlandsheralds.org

Unto the Sovereigns and members of the College of Arms of the Society, does Khalidah bint Yahya'a, Rampart Herald send her greetings.

What follows is the July 2015 Letter of Intent for the Kingdom of the Outlands.

I would like to thank ffride wlffsdotter, Green Anchor, Ogress, Conrad von Zollern, and all of the heralds who were kind enough to contribute comments on OSCAR.

It is my intent to register this July the following items from the Outlands' College of Heralds.

This item was on the 10-2015 LoAR

1: Ailith Dreki - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for 10th to 12th century irish/scandanavian.
Sound (given name as close to Alice (modern pronunciation) as possible) most important.
Language (irish/scandanavian melding) most important.
Culture (irish/scandanavian melding) most important.

[Ailith] - [Withycombe], under Aldith, dated to 1086

[dreki] - From the January 2011 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2011/01/11-01lar.html) - "However, both dreki and tunga can be constructed as independent bynames. The word dreki was used as the name of a type of ship (discussed for example in Judith Jesch, Ships and Men in the Late Viking Age). Other kinds of ships are used in bynames: koggi 'cog' is found as a byname, while knarrar 'merchant ship's' and skeiðar 'war ship's' are used in compound bynames (all from Geirr Bassi). Therefore dreki 'dragon ship' follows a pattern of the use of ship types in bynames"

Under SENA Appendix C, Irish/Gaelic can be mixed with Scandanavian before 1100.


This item was on the 10-2015 LoAR

2: Bernardo dei Medici - New Household Name & New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Free Company of the Silver Sun

(Fieldless) A sun sable eclipsed argent

Sound (Silver Sun) most important.
Meaning (Silver Sun) most important.

[Free Company] - Per the November 2014 LOAR cover letter, this is an acceptable designator for households. "For another submission, Green Staff documented the designator Free Company in pre-1650 records from Ireland and England and its colonies in the Americas. For example, a petition to establish a free company of adventurers is dated to 1648 [Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England: 1642-1649 (http://books.google.com/books?id=Ei40AQAAMAAJ, p. 138)]. The creation of a free companie in the colony of Virginia is mentioned in 1622 [The Records of the Virginia Company of London (http://books.google.com/books?id=eqQ8AQAAIAAJ, p. 605)].

Just as with the designator Company (see the May 2013 Cover Letter), Fellowship and its cognates can now be used as a designator for any suitable non-personal name. Free Company can be used as a designator for household names. The use of each designator must be appropriate for the type of non-personal name being submitted." 11/2014 Cover Letter (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2014/11/14-11cl.html#1)

This name follows the pattern of Color + Charge/Object.

[Silver] - The Oxford English Dictionary (s.v. silver) dates this spelling to 1591, though other spellings are found as early as the 9th century.

[Sun] - The Middle English Dictionary (s.v. sonne) dates this spelling to a. 1400 or a. 1325. As a heraldic charge, the online PicDic states that it was used as early as c. 1255. (http://mistholme.com/dictionary/sun/)


This item was on the 10-2015 LoAR

3: Gilbert le Verrat - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for 14-15th Century French.
Language (14-15th Century French) most important.
Culture (14-15th Century French) most important.
Meaning (Gilbert, the) most important.

Gilbert can be found in the Academy of Saint Gabriel document of French/Occitan Names from the XII Century (G). The names were taken from La chanson de la coisade albigeoise de Guillame de Tulède (ISBN 2-253-05084-9). Gilbert is listed as the modern French spelling of Gilabert (Occitan spelling). My client would prefer Gilbert, but will accept the change to the Occitan spelling if necessary. (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ramon/occitan/occitan_g.html)

He is also amenable to changing the spelling to Guilbert (referended one time with a date of 1563) as chronicled in the "Names from Lallaing 1384-1600: Masculine Given Names" by Domhnall na Moicheirghe

(http://heraldry.sca.org/names/lallaing/lallaing_names_masculine_given.html)

Verrat is a French word meanign boar according to the Oxford French-English dictionary. According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary the origin of the word boar is from Middle English "bor" and its first known use was before the 12th Century. It is presumed that the word was also in use at this time in France.

Verrat can be documented as a byname around 1620 using Family Search, but this herald is uncertain if the references can be used for documentation purposes:

https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:1:9F66-MC5 AND https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/2:1:9KMM-BSP

Additional Documentation provided by Ogress:

Responding to the submitter's authenticity request, <Gilbert> is found as a male given name in 15th cen. French in "French Names from Paris, 1421, 1423, & 1438" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423.html).

<Le Verrat> is found as a byname dated to 1421 in the same article (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423surnames.html)


This item was on the 10-2015 LoAR

4: Ingriðr Rauðkinn - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2012, via the West

Argent, two peacocks addorsed reguardant proper within a wreath of roses proper

The submitter is a Countess and a Lady of the Rose [5/9/2015 via the Outlands] (http://wimble.outlandsheralds.org/individual_record.php?PersonID=10882)

The original emblazon appeared to have the peacocks and wreath of roses on a plate on a fieldless badge. The plate "line" was whited out by Kingdom with the submitter's permission. Original Emblazon: http://oscar.sca.org/emblazons/Outlands/2015-06/ingridr-c.jpg


This item was on the 10-2015 LoAR

5: Phaidra Thebaia - New Name

No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for Greek.
Language (Greek) most important.
Culture (Greek) most important.
Meaning (Phaidra of Thebes) most important.

Phaedra - This name was submitted as recently as March of this year, but as a French given name, not Greek. The documentation in that submittal states: Phaedra was also documented as a name from Greek literature. Since "[t]he story of Phaedra was very well known in period, particularly in Renaissance France" (as noted by Metron Ariston), Phaedra is registerable in this name under the guidelins for use of literary names (see Cover Letter for the February 1999 LoAR for more details). The Greek spelling for Phaedra would be Phaidra.

Thebes - According to Encyclopedia Britannica, Thebes, ancient Egyptian Wase or Wo'se of (from c. 21st century bce) Nowe, or Nuwe is one of hte fame cities of antiguity, the capital of the ancient Egyptian empite at its heydey. The ancient name of Thebes was Wase of Wo'se. The nome (provinc) of Wase, the fourth of Upper Egypt, is known to have existed from the 4th dynasty onward. The earliest monuments that have survived at Thebes proper date from the 11th dynasty (2081-1939 bce), when the local moncarchs (governors) united Egypt under their rule. From this time Thebes frequently served as the royal capital of Egypt and was called Nowe, or Nuwe ("City of Amon"), named for its chief god. The Greek name Thebes (Thebai) may have been derived from Ta-ope, the ancient Egyptian name for Luxor.


This item was on the 10-2015 LoAR

6: Tariq ibn Yusuf ibn 'Askari al-Ghassani - New Household Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Askar al-Qal'a

Language (Arabic) most important.
Culture (Arabic) most important.
Meaning (Army of the Fort) most important.

[Askar] -- "askar [sic] a medieval Arabic word for the household troops of a leader; a kind of standing army." The Hutchinson Dictionary of Ancient & Medieval Warfare Matthew Bennett (1998); pg. 24 (http://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1489/2015-06-29/23-18-01_askar1.jpg ; http://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1489/2015-06-29/23-18-02_askar2.jpg ; http://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1489/2015-06-29/23-18-03_askar3.jpg)

Al-Askar is listed as a suburb of Cairo that originated as a military camp during the time of the Abassid Caliphate between the 7th and 9th centuries

in the description of historic Cairo on the UNESCO World Heritage site. (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/89)

Askar also appears three times in A Manual of Musalman Numismatics by O. Codrington (1904) as a reference to minting towns and the empires that established them: Askar Panjhir ("Army of Panjhir"), Samanid Empire (819-999 AD). Askar Mukram, Abassid Caliphate (750-1258 AD) and Buwayhid Dynasty (934-1062 AD). Askar min al-Ahwaz, Buwayhid Dynasty (934-1062 AD). (See scans below)

[al-Qal'a] -- "Fort" as a locative. Historical examples from UNESCO World Heritage sites include: The Qal'a of Beni Hammad, founded in 1007 AD and abandoned in 1190. (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/102/)

Alcalá de Henares, which took its name from the fortress of Al-Qal'at established by the Emirate of Cordoba during the Moorish invasion of Spain, becoming Alcalá de Henares after its recapture in 1118 AD. (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/876)

Qal'at al-Bahrain, which existed as a coastal fortress from the 3rd to 16th Centuries AD, and has been in existence as a settlement since 2300 BC. (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1192)

Additionally, de Alcala and de Alcalá both appear as locative surnames in "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century" by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith (2000). (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/isabella/)

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=753/2015-07-28/17-33-10_tariq-1507-household-name-doc8.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=753/2015-07-28/17-33-12_tariq-1507-household-name-doc9.jpg


This item was on the 10-2015 LoAR

7: Tatiana Bonnieux - New Name & New Device

Azure, a chevron cotised between a rapier fesswise reversed and a cross flury argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound most important.
Language most important.
Culture most important.

Tatiana: My legal name.

Bonnieux: Dictionnaire etymologique des nomes de Famille et prenoms de France by Albert Dauzat pg. 52 under 'Bonnieux'.

Additional Documentation thoughts by Ogress:

Annales des Basses-Alpes : bulletin de la Société scientifique et littéraire des Basses-Alpes (http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k5681732b/f293.image) recounts a transaction of 11 May 1583 between Anne d'Arnaud and <Guillaume de Rouil, viguier de Bonnieux>. A viguier was a type of judge or magistrate. <Bonnieux> is a place name in this sentence.

It's not clear whether the author modernized (or in his case, Victorianized) spellings here, but it should at least be enough to get the submitter up to Laurel for additional research.


Thus ends the July 2015 Letter of Intent.

In Service,

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a

Rampart Herald


OSCAR counts 4 New Names, 2 New Household Names, 1 New Device and 2 New Badges. These 9 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $27 for them. There are a total of 9 items submitted on this letter.

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