SCA Laurel Sovereign of Arms
Online System for Commentary and Response

Site News
LoIs
KLoIs
SENA
Prec
AH
Track
Sub Status

Name:

Password:

Create Account

MAIL ME my password.



SEARCH:

[ Site News | LoIs | KLoIs | SENA | Prec | AH | Track | Sub Status ]

Outlands LoI dated 2015-04-28

From the Office of Rampart Herald

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a (Nicole Riviezzo)

rampart@outlandsheralds.org

Unto the Sovereigns and members of the College of Arms of the Society, does Khalidah bint Yahya'a, Rampart Herald send her greetings.

What follows is the April 2015 Letter of Intent for the Kingdom of the Outlands.

I would like to thank ffride wlffsdotter, Lions Heart, Skraeling Althing, Elen Woderose, Green Anchor, Magnus von Lübeck, and all of the heralds who were kind enough to contribute comments on OSCAR.

It is my intent to register this April the following items from the Outlands' College of Heralds.

This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

1: Altani Volkova - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language most important.
Culture most important.
Meaning most important.

[Altani] - "Mongolian Naming Practices" Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongolian_names_marta.html) under the heading "Women's Names".

[Volkova] - "Paul Goldschmidt's Dictionary of Period Russian Names - Section VL-Y" Paul Goldschmidt (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/vl-y.html). "Volkov" converted to the feminine patronymic; "Volkovich", masculine patronymic dated to 1169.

Combined Mongol/Russian names allowed per SENA Appendix C.


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

2: Basseva bat Salamon - New Household Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2012, via the Outlands

Handi Camp

Spelling most important.

Documentation and Support provided by Skraeling Althing and Lions Heart

[Handi] - Abigaile Handi; female; christened 13 Aug 1632; ALL SAINTS, EVESHAM WITH BENGEWORTH, WORCESTER, ENGLAND; batch no. C02543-1; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NG9B-JZ9

[Camp] - The online OED shows use of "camp" to mean a body or group of people. From s.n. camp, n.2

2. a. A body of troops encamping and moving together; an army on a campaign. (In earlier English the host.) 1587 Vicary's Englishemans Treasure (new ed.) 59 In anno 1551. when the said citie was taken and destroyed by the campe of Charles the fyft Emperour. a1593 Marlowe Massacre at Paris (c1600) sig. C5, Dismisse thy campe. 1598 R. Grenewey tr. Tacitus Annales iv. vi. 97 This fleeting enimie was not to be pursued with a maine campe. 1611 Bible (King James) 1 Sam. iv. 7 God is come into the campe [ Coverd. hoost, Genev. hoste].

SENA, NPN.1.B.3 says in part:

3. Household and Association Names: The designators for household names must be documented as a form describing a group of people in a particular culture. It must be compatible with the substantive element in terms of content and style. There is no standard designator which is considered compatible with all types of names for groups of people.

Several kinds of groups of people have served as models for household names. They include a noble household, a military unit, a guild, a group of people associated with an inn or tenement house, a university or school (noting that the word college is reserved for branches), clans, and an organized group of musicians or actors.

As the OED makes clear, one of the in-period meanings of "camp(e)" is a military unit, a group of people. Thus, it seems to me, "Campe" is a legitimate designator. Note that the only in-period spelling for this sense, in the OED, is "campe". However, in the sense of a place where troops are lodged in tents, with or without surrounding trench etc., there is a citation with the spelling "camp":

1528 Sir Gr. de Cassalis et al. (The King's Ambassadors with the Pope) in J. Strype Eccl. Mem. I. ii. xxiii. 61 It is very certain, that the Spanyards have refused batel, and conveyed themself out of ther camp neerer unto Naples in the night.

Originally submitted as <Handicamp> but was changed to <Handi Camp> by Kingdom to make the designator more obvious.


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

3: Belatumara filia Disideri - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Outlands LoI of January 23, 2015 as submitted.

Per saltire vert and sable, four triquetras points to center argent

The previous device submission, Per saltire vert and sable, four triquetras conjoined in cross argent, was returned on the October 2013 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2013/10/13-10lar.html) with the following: {This device is returned for violating our long-standing ban on Celtic knotwork, for not being heraldic. While we do allow triquetras in armory, in this combination they look more like knotwork and less like discrete charges.}

The device submission, Per saltire vert and sable, four triquetras points to center argent, was pended by Kingdom in December 2014, after a forthcoming conflict was mentioned, while waiting for Permission to Conflict with Der Thommain Breathnach (via Atlantia), Per saltire purpure and vert, four triquetras points to center argent. Der Thommain Breathnach submitted a Blanket of Permission to Conflict which appears on the March 2015 Atlantia LoI (https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=3137).


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

4: Cecilia Caterina da Firenze - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in July of 2015, via the Outlands.

Old Item: Cecilia Wrenne, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language most important.
Culture most important.

[Cecilia] and [Caterina] - "Late Period Italian Women's Names: Florence" Juliana de Luna (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/Nuns/Florence.shtml)

[Firenze] - "FLORENTINE RENAISSANCE RESOURCES: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532" David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, Anthony Molho and Roberto Barducci (http://cds.library.brown.edu/projects/tratte/)

Originally submitted as <Cecilia Caterina d'Firenze> but was modified by Kingdom, with the submitter's consent, to <Cecilia Caterina da Firenze> based on internal commentary received.

Name Support provided by Elen Woderose

SENA Appendix A permits the use of double given names in Italian. Per SENA Appendix A: "Locative bynames in the northern and central areas normally take the form da X, but de X and di X are rarely found." Florence is north to central, and <di Firenze> would work, but <da Firenze> would be more accurate to location.

The registration of <Cecilia Manetti da Firenze> (01/1998, A-Calontir) would appear to imply that Florence was indeed Firenze in period. The submitted Tratte would work better as documentation if it indicated whether <Firenze> was a familial or a locative byname.


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

5: Conall Mór MacNachtan - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2009, via the Outlands

(Fieldless) A bat winged manticore rampant Or


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

6: Cuelino of Northanhymbre - New Request for Name Reconsideration

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Cuhelyn of Northanhymbre

Submitter desires a masculine name.

<Cuelino of Northanhymbre> was registered on the January 2015 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2015/01/15-01lar.html#368) with the following: {Submitted as Cuhelyn of Northanhymbre, the submitter requested authenticity for a 10th century Northumbrian name. Cuhelyn was found in brackets in the article cited in the Letter of Intent. Such brackets indicate that it is a standardized modern form of the name, not a standardized 10th century form. The attested 10th century form is Cuelino. We have made this change to meet the submitter's request for authenticity. Cuhelyn is attested in Welsh, but at a substantially later date. If the submitter makes a request for reconsideration, he should show that the spelling Cuhelyn is temporally compatible with the byname. According to Appendix A of SENA, locative bynames can be formed using the pattern æt X or of X. We note that the preposition of in Old English should be used with the place name in the dative case. The dative form Norðan hymbre is found in Watts, s.n. Northumberland, citing the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for year 876. The submitted spelling is a reasonable variant of this form. Therefore, we have changed the name to Cuelino of Northanhymbre in order to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.}

Exposition:

I would have preferred if my request for authenticity had not been taken at the simplest level. I lived in the former kingdom, now region of Great Britain, known as Northumbria, residing in what is now Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Sunderland. I wandered Northrumbria's streets, country lanes, monuments and ruins, and even attended the University of Northumbria while I was there. When I submitted my name, it was with the intent of reflecting my time and ancestry in the region. Latinizing the name is not palatable to me, particularly in view of what I know of the region's history, nor did I dream after my own research that it would be done with so many other variants on the modern "Cullen" available, including "Cuhelyn" with additional documentation of the name as 8th century Welsh. It is not unreasonable to believe that traveled up to Northumbria, especially given that the name existed in other forms in the region or in nearby regions. For example, I have included the name "Culein" which would be acceptable to me with attached documentation

The name "Culein" is documented to a moneyer for Eadred, king of England and Northumbria. The document was provided from the Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England (PASE) which is operated by the Department of History and the Centre for Computing in the Humanities, at King's College, London, and in the Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse, and Celtic, at the University of Cambridge. Also attached is an extract from the Encyclopaedia Britannica further explaining Eadred's connection to the Kingdom of Northumbria in the 10th century CE.

Please, correct my SCA name to either Cuhelyn of Northanhymbre or Culein of Northanhymbre.

Thank you.

Link to Information about the Site: http://www.pase.ac.uk/about/index.html

Direct Link to the Search on "Culein": http://www.pase.ac.uk/pdb?dosp=VIEW_RECORDS&st=PERSON_NAME&value=34549&level=1&lbl=Culein

Information of Eadred:

Written by: The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica  0

Last Updated 10-29-2013

Frome, England

Eadred, also spelled Edred (died Nov. 23, 955, Frome, in modern Somerset, Eng.), king of the English from 946 to 955, who brought Northumbria permanently under English rule. Eadred was the son of the West Saxon king Edward the Elder (ruled 899-924) and Eadgifu, the half brother of King Athelstan (ruled 924-939), and the brother of King Edmund I (ruled 939-946). Upon Eadred's accession to power, the Northumbrians acknowledged his overlordship, but they soon proclaimed as their king Erik Bloodax, son of the Norwegian ruler Harald I Fairhair. In revenge Eadred ravaged all of Northumbria (948). The Northumbrians submitted to Eadred, but in 949 they accepted another Norse king, Olaf Sihtricson, as their ruler. They overthrew Olaf in 952 in favour of Erik Bloodax, who in turn was expelled and killed in 954. The Northumbrians then resumed their allegiance to Eadred.

Source: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/175511/Eadred

'The First Thousand Years of British Names, Appendix V' Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/british1000/appendix4_5.html#app5); Cuelino {Cuhelyn}, "a name in brackets is the "standard" form for the sake of reference"

Additional References uploaded as scans below.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=753/2015-04-28/12-35-01_culino-1504-requestforreconsideration-name6.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=753/2015-04-28/12-35-02_culino-1504-requestforreconsideration-name7.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=753/2015-04-28/12-35-04_culino-1504-requestforreconsideration-name8.jpg


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

7: Dávíð Trételgja - New Name & New Device

Or, in pale two arrows in saltire and a Thor's hammer purpure

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (Last name meaning word carver/wood worker) most important.

[Davíð] - Geirr Bassi - p. 9 s.n. Dávíð

<Dauid Thorstensson> 1291

[Trételgja] - Geirr Bassi - Occupational byname - "Wood-carver", Nicknames: Trételgja

Originally submitted as <Davíð Trételgja>, was changed to <Dávíð Trételgja> by Kingdom for consistency with the accents.


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

8: Dávíð Trételgja - New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) In pale a Thor's hammer conjoined to a stag's head cabossed Or


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

9: Kathryn Kilgour - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Outlands LoI of March 17, 2015 as submitted.

Vert, on a sun Or, a nautilus shell sable within a bordure Or pellety

Originally submitted as http://oscar.sca.org/emblazons/Outlands/2015-03/kathryn-c.jpg. The emblazon was redrawn, with the submitter's permission, to have the sun more sun-like. Many thanks to Ursula Messerschmitt (of Caid) for the new emblazon.


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

10: Kveldúlf Valbrandsson - New Name & New Device

Per bend sable and azure, between the attires of a stag's skull a decrescent argent

No major changes.
Sound most important.

[Kveldúlf] - Norwegian given name Kveldulfr. The plausibility of this name is discussed in St. Gabriel report 2113 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/2113) and in a lengthy precedent in the October 2008 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2008/10/08-10lar.html).

[Valbrandsson] - Patrynomic byname constructed from the masculine given name Valbrandr, Geirr Bassi, p. 15.

Consulting Herald: Llywus ap Alan

Device was originally submitted with this emblazon: http://oscar.sca.org/emblazons/Outlands/2015-03/kveldulf-c.jpg. The emblazon was redrawn by Kingdom, with the submitter's consent, in order to make the decrescent a secondary. Many thanks to Ursula Messerschmitt (of Caid) for the new emblazon.


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

11: Leifr Einarsson - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Outlands LoI of September 25, 2014 as submitted.

Sable, on a lozenge gules fibriated, a serpent in annulo vorant of it own tail within an orle Or

The previous submission with the same blazon was returned on the December 2014 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2014/12/14-12lar.html) with the following: {This device submission is returned administratively: the hand-colored form uploaded does not match the computer-generated mini emblazon apparent in OSCAR.}


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

12: Liliona Ruth Hampton - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (english) most important.

[Liliona] - St. Gabriel's #2862 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/2862.txt)

[Ruth] - The Holy Bible. Also Double given names are found in late-period England per Appendix A of SENA. Both <Ruth> and <Marie> appear as female given names in "Names in Chesham, 1538-1600/1," by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Chesham/feminine.shtml). <Ruth> is dated to 1594

[Hampton] - [R&W] Richard Hampton from 1327; http://minchinhampton.net/our-town/history

Additional Documentation by Skraeling Althing:

Lilion Beer; female; marriage 26 Nov 1640; Bridekirk, Cumberland, England; batch no. M00194-1; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N2QT-L21

Ruth Hampton; female; marriage 20 Oct 1625; Liddington, Rutland, England; batch no. M06170-2; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NKZM-LWP


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

13: Marcus Goltz - New Name & New Device

Gyronny argent and vert, a falcon close sable within eight fleurs-de-lis in annulo counterchanged purpure and argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No holding name.
No changes.

[Marcus] - 'Medieval German Given Names from Silesia' Talan Gwynek/Brian M. Scott (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/bahlow_v.htm), found seven times between 1369-1564

[Goltz] - [Bahlow] (Deutsches Namenlexikon, 1967), p. 178 s.n. Gol(t)z, <de Golcze> dates to 1297

Additional Documentation provided by Elen Woderose:

Barbara Goltz, female christened 29 Mar 1570, Weilheim OA Kirchheim, Wuerttemberg, Germany, C73971-4 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NZ1M-Y4V)

Eva Goltz, female christened 24 Dec 1572, Weilheim OA Kirchheim, Wuerttemberg, Germany, C73971-4 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NZ1M-Y4L)

Margretha Goltz, female christened 9 Jun 1599, Evangelisch, Bissingen an der Teck, Donaukreis, Wuerttemberg, C92714-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NZ19-22K)

Johannes Goltz, male christened 10 Aug 1604, Evangelisch, Owen, Donaukreis, Wuerttemberg, C92716-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NR2S-F7G)

Margaretha Goltz, female christened 3 Jan 1611, Weilheim Oa Kirchheim, Wuerttemberg, Germany, C73971-7 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NR23-MQS)


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

14: Patrick of Clan Lamont - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 1997, via the Outlands

Azure mullety, on a plate a phoenix rising from flames gules and Or

The submitter's previous device, Azure, on a plate a phoenix rising from flames proper, returned on the December 1997 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/1997/12/lar.html) with the following: {As colored the phoenix is not clearly any one color. It is closest to Or, which breaks tincture. The phoenix needs to be clearly a heraldic tincture. When resubmitting, please try to use deeper colors; the field as tinctured is not clearly blue.}


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

15: Reyna Frogge - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning most important.

[Reyna] - St. Gabriel #2531 - "Reyna" - appropriate for 1244, 1260, 1379

Further documentation provided by Elen Woderose and ffride wlffsdotter:

Edward Frogge, male christened 19 May 1568, Saint James, Bury Saint Edmunds, Suffolk, England, P01219-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V5NT-9VJ)

Agnes Frogge, female christened 29 Jan 1569, Willingham by St Ives, Cambridge, England, C13062-2 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NKFS-PQM)

Jane Frogge, female christened 27 Nov 1575, All Saints, Fulbourn, Cambridge, England, K13814-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NR3M-94N)

Anne Frogge, female christened 5 Sep 1585, Hadstock, Essex, England, C04323-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N5M7-Z6G)

Elyzabeth Frogge, female christened 7 Oct 1604, Bottisham, Cambridge, England, C13410-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NKVN-TJ6)

We can bring the elements <Reyna> and <Frogge> even closer together with:

Reaney & Wilson sn. Rain <Reyna vidua> 1244

Reaney & Wilson sn. Frogg <William Frogge> 1332


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

16: Sephare de Blythe - New Name & New Device

Azure, a unicorn couchant argent within an orle argent hurty

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (British 1100+) most important.
Culture (British 1100+) most important.
Spelling (I like unique but prefer a) most important.

[Sephare] - "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" Talan Gwynek (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/reaney.cgi?Sefare ) finds 5 instances of Sephare, in various spellings, from 1188 to 1277. Submitter prefers a "ph" or "f" to the "u" for guessing at pronouciation

[de Blythe] - "A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3" (http://www.british-history.ac.uk./vch/lancs/vol3/pp247-258#s3), de Blythe appears 4 times during the periods of 1189-1401, (highlighted on the attached pages). Toward the end of the 1400s it appears to have dropped off the "de" portion of the name, but submitter prefers the de if possible.

Additional Documentation and Documentation Simplification provided by ffride wlffsdotter

R&W sn. Seavers

<Sephare> 1188

Bynames Found in the 1296 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Rutland, England by Karen Larsdatter (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/Rutland/bynamesalphabetically.htm)

<de Blythe>, 1 occurrence.


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

17: Sisilia Höök - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound (Sound like Sisilia Hook) most important.
Language (Scandinavian culture) most important.
Culture (Scandinavian culture) most important.

[Sisilia] - "Vanhat nimityyppimme (Finnish Names)" Rouva Gertrud (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/FinnishNamesArticle.htm). Name circa 1571. Form of Cecilia.

[Höök] - "New Sweden Settlers, 1638-1664" Peter Stebbins Craig (http://www.genealogia.fi/emi/3d41indexe.htm). Listing is Höök, Sven.

Additional Documentation provided by ffride wlffsdotter and :

Svenskt Diplomatariums huvudkartotek över medeltidsbreven has <Hook> (and variants) in a locative byname of a man named Herger:

<Hergeri de Hook> SDHK-nr: 7373, Latin. 1358

(http://sok.riksarkivet.se/SDHK?EndastDigitaliserat=false&SDHK=7373)

<Hergerus de Hogh> SDHK-nr: 7009, Latin. 1356

(http://sok.riksarkivet.se/SDHK?EndastDigitaliserat=false&SDHK=7009)

<Hergero in Hooc> SDHK-nr: 6800, Latin. 1354.

(http://sok.riksarkivet.se/SDHK?EndastDigitaliserat=false&SDHK=6800)

If I am understanding things right, these are all mentions of the same individual, whose name is normalised in Swedish as Herger Joarsson i Hook.

The website's source for <Höök> is Swedish American Genealogist, online here: http://collections.carli.illinois.edu/cdm4/index_aug_sag.php?CISOROOT=/aug_sag

Specifically looking at vol. 18(1998), p. 149:

http://collections.carli.illinois.edu/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/aug_sag&CISOPTR=7718&CISOSHOW=7655 &REC=2

Sven Höök is therefore mentioned in 1653.

But, there is an earlier mention with his "History of Gustav":

Erik Jöransson Tegel. 1622. Her Gustaffs, Fordom Sweriges, Göthes, och Wendes Konungs etc. Historia : Om hans Kon Maytz lofflige Regeringh och merckelige Handlingar, vthi twå Deeler författad. Vthaff hwlicke then Första inneholler och förmåler, hwadh fom sigh tildraget haffuer ifrån hans Kon. Maytz. första Regementz begynnelse, in til thet åhret effter Christi Födelse 1533 in til 1560. (Stockholm: Reusner) p. 46

https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=NtRDAAAAcAAJ&rdid=book-NtRDAAAAcAAJ&rdot=1

mentions a <Christoffer Höök> in 1535

Sisilia Olufzdr; female; marriage 23 Oct 1614; Storkyrkoforsamlingen, Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden; batch no. M41974-1; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FKBF-XXT


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

18: Sylvia Tsvetova - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language most important.
Culture most important.
Meaning most important.

[Sylvia] - Submitter's legal name. ID provided.

[Tsvetova] - "Botanical Bynames in Medieval Russia" Paul Wickenden (http://www.goldschp.net/archive/plantnames.html#flowers). Flower -- Tsvetov (1588-9) [374]


This item was on the 07-2015 LoAR

19: Taythen Maculagh - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2014, via the Outlands

Sable, a stag's head erased, 3 cross crosslet fitchy in chief Or

The previous submission, Or, three frets conjoined and a sinister gore sable, was returned on the July 2014 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2014/07/14-07lar.html) with the following: {This device is returned for violating the requirement that an "emblazon must be reproducible by a competent heraldic artist, with only normal heraldic variation, from the written blazon." The non-sable portion of the field is not really fretty, which would create an homogenous grid, and it can't be really described as three frets conjoined as there are some extra lines with no relation to the conjoined frets.}


Thus ends the April 2015 Letter of Intent.

In Service,

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a

Rampart Herald


OSCAR counts 9 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 1 New Household Name, 6 New Devices and 2 New Badges. These 19 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $57 for them. OSCAR counts 3 Resub Devices. These 3 items are not chargeable. OSCAR counts 1 Request for Name Reconsideration. This item may or may not require payment. There are a total of 23 items submitted on this letter.

[ Site News | LoIs | KLoIs | SENA | Prec | AH | Track | Sub Status ]


Site Copyright © 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011, Lewis Tanzos