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East LoI dated 2007-08-10

Unto Elisabeth Laurel, Jeanne Marie Wreath, Margaret Pelican, the SCA College of Arms, and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Tanczos Istvan, Blue Tyger Herald!

It is the intent of Easterners to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity, allows any changes, and allows a holding name.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

1: Antonio Patrasso - New Name & New Device

Gules, on a sun Or a cat herissony contourny sable, all within a bordure engrailed Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Antonio is one of the most common masculine names (with over 3600 instances) in "Italian Given Names from the Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael ( It is also among the most commonly occurring names in Aryanhwy's "Names from Arezzo, Italy, 1386-1528" (

Leonardo Patrasso was Bishop of Albano and a cardinal who attended the conclave of Pope Benedict XI in 1303 and Pope Clement V in 1304-05, according to "The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church" by Salvador Miranda (

This device should be clear of Seth the Seeker (Sep. 1984 Caid), Gules, on a compass star throughout Or a unicorn's head couped at the shoulders sable, armed and crined gules, with one CD for adding the bordure and another for the type and orientation of the tertiary charge. It is also clear of Constance of Purneos (May 1985 East), Gules, on a sun Or a crescent inverted sable, in base a chevron inverted Or: despite the wording of the current blazon, Constance's chevron is co-primary, which means there is a CD for number of primary charges and another for the bordure.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

2: Aurelia da Calabria - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 1999, via the East.

Gules, on a bend cotised argent three trilliums palewise gules, slipped vert.

Her name was registered in Nov. 1999, via the East.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

3: Bjorn of Endeweard - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

If his name must be changed, he cares most about the spelling 'Bjorn'.

Bjǫrn appears 44 times in the Landnamabok, according to both Geirr Bassi and "Viking Names found in the Landnamabok" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (

Endeweard is an SCA branch name, registered in Jan. 1987 via the East.

Precedent says: "While Old Norse names may be registered with or without accents, other diacritical marks cannot be omitted without documentation" (Disa blatǫnn, 08/2003 A-Caid). However, the registration of Bjorn Zenthffeer (Jan. 2007 A-Caid) says: "Lind, Norsk-Isländska Dopnamn ock Fingerade Namn fran Medeltiden, s.n. Bi{o,}rn, shows several examples of Biorn, one of which dates to 1334." The name should therefore be registerable as submitted.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

4: Culann mac Cianain - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of May 21, 2007 as submitted.

Sable, a fess checky azure and argent between four boars passant contourny argent.

His name was forwarded to Laurel on the May LoI.

His previous device submission, Quarterly sable and chequy argent and azure, in bend sinister two boars passant contourny argent, was returned at kingdom for violating RfS XI.3.b (marshalling). This submission fixes that problem with a fairly thorough rearrangement of elements.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

5: Eva Woderose - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2007, via the East.

Gules, on a bend sinister between two wolves couchant argent, three roses proper.

Her name was forwarded to Laurel on the June 2007 LoI. Her original device submission, Gules, on a bend between two wolves couchant argent, three roses proper, was returned at the same time for conflict with Nicola Angelini (June 2006 East), Gules, on a bend between two standing seraphs argent three quatrefoils palewise gules.

This submission turns the bend to sinister to clear this conflict.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

6: Freydis Karlsdottir - New Name & New Device

Argent, two bars wavy azure between a fox courant gules and a pair of shears bendwise to sinister, points to base, vert.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No holding name.
Language most important.
Culture most important.

Freydís is a feminine name (marked "OW Norse") found under Frøydis in Gunnora Silfraharr's translation of Nordiskt runnamnslexicon by Lena Peterson (linked from Academy of S. Gabriel report 2487 ( identifies Freydis as the daughter of Erik the Red, based on Lind s.n. Freydís and on Kruken, Kristoffer, ed.: Norsk personnamnleksikon, 2nd ed. (Oslo: det Norske Samlaget, 1995), s.n. Frøydis.

Karl is a masculine name found as a header in the same source; it's apparently found in this same spelling as (part of?) a byname in Old Danish, Old Swedish, and 'OW Norse', derived from OW Norse karl 'free man'. Karl also appears four times as a masculine name in the Landnámabók, according to Geirr Bassi p. 12.

The formation of the patronymic is based on the information in Geirr Bassi p. 17-18, although there's some guessing involved because GB doesn't give '-rl' as a possible ending to a masculine name.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

7: Gavin of Brockton - New Name & New Device

Argent, on a fess between two domestic cats sejant and another couchant sable, three fleurs-de-lys argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

According to "Concerning the Names Gavin, Gawaine, Gavan, and Gabhainn" (2nd ed.) by Arval Benicoeur (, the spelling Gavin is dated to 1604 in England (based on either Withycombe s.n. Gawaine or R&W s.nn. Gavin, Gawenson, Gawn), and to 1477 and 1577 in Scotland (based on either Black s.nn. Rais, MacGavin, MacGowan, Rait, Auchtercraw, Langland, Goudie, Hourie, gove, Gow, Gowan, Gowans, Gowanson; or the manuscript Aberdeen Council Register, Vols. 8-20.) The article concludes: "Gavin or one of its forms would be a fine choice for a re-creation of France or England in the Middle Ages or Renaissance, and of Lowland Scotland after 1500."

William of Brockton is dated to 1297 in R&W p. 67 s.n. Brockton.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

8: Hrólfr Hrafnsen - New Request for Name Reconsideration

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Current name: Ruulfr Rafnsson

This is a request for reconsideration of the submitter's name change from Rohlfe Ravenson (reg. July 1974) to Hrólfr Hrafnsen, which appeared on the Oct. 2002 ILoI. It was registered as Ruulfr Rafnsson on the Nov. 2003 LoAR, based on his request for an authentic late 10th c. Danish name. However, the xLoI failed to note (and thus Laurel failed to follow) his limited allowance for changes: "The only changes allowed are Hrafnsen may be changed to Hrafnssen and he will reluctantly accept the form -son for the patronymic if absolutely no examples of the -sen form can be found dating to the late 10th Century."

Hrólfr and Hrafn are both found as masculine names on p. 11 of Geirr Bassi. The use of -sen instead of -son for the patronymic is based on Introduction to Old Norse by E.V. Gordon, p. 323, which says that unaccented vowels were weakened in East Norse. The omission of the 's' of the genitive is based on personal conversation between the submitter and Geirr Bassi Haraldsson (circa 1976), indicating that one of the differences between East Norse and West Norse was the dropping of the genitive in patronymics.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

9: Lillia de Vaux - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2006, via the East.

Old Item: Purpure, a lily and on a chief argent three pairs of rapiers inverted in saltire sable, to be released.

Her name and device were registered in Oct. 2006, via the East. The crampet is the metal tip on the end of a scabbard (also known as a chape, bouterol, or boteroll) [Brooke-Little An Heraldic Alphabet p. 73 under Crampet, and Parker's A Glossary of Terms used in Heraldry under Sword,]. A prominent example of its use in heraldry was as the badge of the De la Warr family [Parker, op. cit., and Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme's precedents under Badge-Fieldless (, citing Legh's Accedence of Armory 1576]. Although the granting of the crampet badge at Poiters [Bruce, op. cit.] could not be substantiated by contemporary sources (e.g., Froissart's Chronicles), it was definitely in use during the 16th c. The badge decorated various de la Warr holdings and churches in West Sussex, England. [The Sussex Archeological Society: Sussex Archeological Collections Illustrating the History and Antiquities of the County, Vol. XXIV: Sussex; George P. Bacon, 1872. A scan of a page showing various depictions of crampets is included.] The artwork in this submission is based on the paintings and carvings at Boxgrove Priory: "The de la Warr chantry chapel (1535) in the second bay of the south arcade is the sole example in Sussex of that form of building within building which evolved from the practice of flanking a chantry altar with screens... Up to sill level the walls are covered externally with rectilinear panelling charged with badges, the crampet, leopard's face jessant de lys, &c..." ['Boxgrove', A History of the County of Sussex: Vol. 4: The Rape of Chichester, 1953 (]. Carvings showing a crampet from the De la Warr chantry chapel at Boxgrove Priory can be seen in the fifth photo at (photo ©ArtServe), and the heraldic paintings on the ceiling of the chapel can be seen at (photo by Philip Glass).

Correction (2007-Aug-21 07:08:20): The blazon was accidentally omitted in the original entry. It should be Argent semy of crampets, a bend azure.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

10: Lillia de Vaux - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2006, via the East.

(Fieldless) A crampet argent.

Her name was registered in October 2006, via the East. Her device change submission appears above. Please see that item for the included (copious) documentation for the crampet as a period heraldic charge.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

11: Phillip Reed - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2002, via the East

(Fieldless) A fleur-de-lis gules charged with three fleams argent.

His name was registered in Oct. 2002, via the East.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

12: Roibeard mac Neill mhic Ghille Eoin - New Name Change From Holding Name

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in December of 2007, via the East.

Old Item: Robert of Smoking Rocks, to be released.
Client requests authenticity for '16th Century Hebridian'.
Language (Scottish Gaelic) most important.
Culture (Scottish Gaelic) most important.

He is willing to accept all necessary changes to his name, as long as (the Gaelic equivalent of) 'Robert MacNeill' is preserved (in that order, preferably with nothing between). His original name submission of Robert MacNeill was returned on the Aug. 2006 LoAR for conflict with Robert MacNeil, a television news show host. His device, Quarterly sable and gules, a sea-bull maintaining a cutlass within a bordure dovetailed Or, was registered under the holding name Robert of Smoking Rocks.

Roibeard is listed as an Early Modern Irish Gaelic nominative spelling in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" ( The page lists 35 men with this name, dated between 1167 and 1608. Some form of the name was undoubtedly in use in Scotland, too: Black p. 695 s.n. Robert has "Alexander Robert, a Scotsman" dated 1402.

Mac Neill is also based on the Annals Index, which lists Niall as the standard nominative and Néill as the genitive spelling of a name borne by 23 men between 971 and 1611. Again, Black p. 625 s.n. Neil offers indirect evidence for the use of this name in Scottish Gaelic: "The family of Neill of Barnwell, Ayrshire, claim descent from a cadet of Macneil of Barra, c. 1550, who is said to have settled in Ayrshire."

Mhic Ghille Eoin is intended as a 2nd generation patronymic (grandfather's name), based on information from Sharon L. Krossa's "Medieval Gaelic Clan, Household, and Other Group Names" (draft edition, last update 3 May 2007;, which lists an example of "Clann Ghille Eoin: A Scottish Gaelic clan named after a man with the given name Gille Eoin who lived in the 13th century." Black p. 302 s.n. Gillean gives Gill' Eoin ('servant of John') as the Gaelic antecedent of the header name, and dates the surname M'Gilleon to 1511 from the Isle of Man. Barra is dated to 1550 in Black s.n. Neil (see above).

If there is an authentic and non-presumptious way to use this locative to differentiate his name from the modern Robert MacNeil, the submitter is amenable to dropping the 2nd generation patronymic.

Submitted as Roibeard mac Neill mhic Ghille Eoin of Barra, Aryanhwy said "Scottish Gaels did not use locative bynames in Gaelic forms of their names." The locative has therefore been dropped in order to meet the authenticity request.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

13: Sof'ia Zhirinskaia - New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and argent, a spider and a bordure counterchanged.

Submitter desires a feminine name.

If her name must be changed, she cares most about Russian language and/or culture. All documentation is from Paul Wickenden of Thanet's "A Dictionary of Period Russian Names", online edition ( Sof'ia is a feminine name; this header spelling is dated to 1396. The byname is intended to mean 'wife of Zhira'. Zhira is an undated masculine name meaning 'wealth', with the variant spelling Zira dated to 1115. The formation is based on the discussion of adjectival bynames under Possessive and Descriptive Bynames, which states in part:

The second type of adjectival byname is actually a special type of a possessive element (serving the same purpose as a patronymic). Most often found in women's names (and more rarely in men's), these types of names indicate the literal owner of the subject. They are formed by taking the type #1 patronymic and adding the feminine suffix -skaia (or masculine -skii) or sometimes simply -aia/-ii (without the -sk-). Tret'iakovskaia zhena Sapozhnika (1613-8) [RIB XII 16], then, means "Tret'iakov's [or Tret'iak's] wife Sapozhnika." In this case done by taking Tret'iakov and adding -skaia (the feminine adjectival ending). (

For the masculine name Zhira, a 'type #1 patronymic' is formed as follows: "If the father's given name ended in "-a" or "-ia," the basic patronymic ending is "-in" or "-yn," respectively (with the "a" or "ia" dropping out)." (ibid, under Patronymics). Thus, Zhirin is the patronymic, and Zhirinskaia is the patronymic plus the feminine adjectival ending.

This item was on the 12-2007 LoAR

14: Þórlæifr hvítskegg - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2007, via the East.

Sable, three wolf's heads caboshed one and two argent each jessant of an arrow Or.

His name was registered as submitted on the March 2007 LoAR.

Until next month, I remain,

Istvan Blue Tyger


Haraldsson, Geirr Bassi; The Old Norse Name; Private Press - Professor G. Fleck, Olney, MD, 1977

Reaney, P.H, and R.M. Wilson; A Dictionary of English Surnames; Revised Edition ; Routledge & Kegan Paul: New York, 1991.

Wickenden of Thanet, Paul; A Dictionary of Period Russian Names; Free Trumpet Press West, Normal, Il. 2000.

OSCAR counts 5 New Names, 8 New Devices, 1 New Device Change and 2 New Badges. These 16 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $64 for them. OSCAR counts 1 New Holding Name Change. This item is not chargeable. OSCAR counts 1 Request for Name Reconsideration. This item may or may not require payment. There are a total of 18 items submitted on this letter.

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