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East LoI dated 2013-09-28

To Gabriel Laurel, Juliana Pelican, Emma Wreath, and the College of Heralds, Joscelin Blue Tyger, Alys Eastern Crown and the heralds of the East send their warmest greetings.

It is the intent of the College of Heralds of the East to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity and allows any changes.

This letters contains the last of the pre-Pennsic submissions. Next month(s) the floodgates open!

This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

1: Anastasia da Monte - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2011, via the East

(Fieldless) In saltire a mirror Or glassed argent and a rapier sable.

Recent precedent concerning dissimilar objects in saltire suggests that this should be reblazoned as (Fieldless) In saltire a handmirror Or glassed argent surmounted by a rapier sable:

When blazoning two dissimilar charges in saltire, the bendwise charge is blazoned first; as the most "honorable" charge, it is expected to also be topmost by default. In order to specify that the bendwise sinister charge is on top in this case, we are using surmounted, but this is still treated as a single primary charge group, not a primary charge group with an overall charge group. There is no difference granted for changing which charge is on top. [Titus Aurelius Magnus, August 2012. A-East]

Istvan Non Scripta argued that changing the blazon based on which charge is on top is not a period concept. Other commenters argued that which charge is on top when a pair of different objects is arranged in saltire is a minor artistic detail that should not need to be blazoned. Although we find both of these arguments persuasive, such broad-reaching policy questions are properly decided by Wreath and Laurel. We have opted not to change the submitted blazon.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

2: Ásgeirr þurs - New Name & New Device

Vert, in saltire two arrows inverted and overall a lion dormant Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (Ahs-geer Thooors) most important.

Ásgeirr is a male given name found in "Viking Names found in Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html) with a frequency of 19.

þurs is a descriptive byname meaning "giant, troll" found in "Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/vikbynames.html). It is not clear from the form whether the byname is intended to be capitalized or not.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

3: Asher de Lincolia - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Culture (Jewish - Angevin England c. 1100 A.D.) most important.

The submitter requests a Jewish name for the Angevin period in England c. 1100 A.D.

Asher appears as a male given name in "Jewish Naming Convention in Angevin England" by Eleazar ha-Levi (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/jewish.html).

Lincolia is a place name appearing s.n. Lincoln dated to 1086 in "Dated Placenames from Lincolnshire" by Gunnvör silfrahárr and Talan Gwynek (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/gunnvor/LincolnshirePlacenames/Lincolnshire3.htm#l).

The use of the pattern [de] + [place name] for Jewish bynames c. 1100 is supported by "Jewish Naming Convention in Angevin England" by Eleazar ha-Levi (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/jewish.html).

This name was submitted as Asher Militis. However, Militis is the Latin genitive form of miles, a restricted title for members of the Chivalry. The genitive form is not the correct form for a descriptive byname. Changing this to the nominative form would yield Asher Miles. Eastern Crown confirmed with Asher that he is not a member of the Chivalry; as a result, the correct form of the name is presumptive and cannot be registered to him under SENA PN.4.B.

Eastern Crown had a lengthy conversation with the submitter about his options. On August 23, 2013, the submitter opted to change his name to Asher de Lincolia.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

4: Damiano Vitale della Fonda - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 1990, via the East

Per bend sinister sable and argent, a sword inverted bendwise sinister between two apples counterchanged.

As submitted, this device suffered from two major paperwork failures: (1) no black and white outline drawing was provided; and (2) the shield shape was substantially changed from the size and shape on the form. Both of these are grounds for return. However, Lady Mary of the Stuwes supplied new submission forms that corrected these issues almost immediately. With the submitter's consent, she also re-drew the apples to follow the period rounded depiction:

Appledore, Shire of. Badge. Checky sable and argent, an apple slipped and leaved within a bordure gules. Please instruct the submitter that apples as depicted in period would be nearly round. Apples drawn in the modern, flat-sided trapezoidal style seen in this submission will henceforth be considered a step from period practice. [Nov 2010, An Tir-A].

With these timely corrections, we have forward the device.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

5: Giggleswick, Riding of - New Branch Name & New Device

Azure, a water wheel within a laurel wreath argent, a base barry wavy argent and azure.

Riding is one of the standard designators for branches found in the Administrative Handbook. (http://heraldry.sca.org/admin.html#I.A)

Giggleswick appears at p. 61 of "Yorkshire church notes, 1619-1631" by Roger Dodsworth (http://books.google.com/books?id=NmsKAQAAMAAJ). The related spelling Giggleswicke appears in 'Yorkshire Fines: 1588', Feet of Fines of the Tudor period [Yorks]: part 3: 1583-94 (1889), pp. 86-106. (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49702&strquery=Giggleswicke).

A petition signed by the members of the Riding was enclosed with the submission, but it was not dated. To be valid, a petition must have a date. [Jan. 2011 Cover Letter]. The Riding provided a properly dated petition during commentary, so we have forwarded this device.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

6: Harvey Wynegode - New Name & New Device

Per fess gules and Or, three bunches grapes slipped and leaved counterchanged.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Spelling (surname 'Wynegode') most important.

Harvey is an English male given name found in the IGI Parish Records Extracts:

Harvey Christin; Male; Christening; 27 Aug 1558; SAINT MARTIN IN THE FIELDS, WESTMINSTER, LONDON, ENGLAND; Batch: P00145-1

Harvey Moore; Male; Christening; 03 Jan 1559; BISHOPS TAWTON, DEVON, ENGLAND; Batch: C05034-1

Wynegode appears in a database compiled by professors from the University of Southampton and the University of Reading (England) about soldiers in the Hundred Years War, as the surname of a man-at-arms who traveled to France in 1375. (http://www.medievalsoldier.org).

The database information page for www.medievalsoldier.org says, "the act of data collection requires an element of editing, for instance in terms of standardizing first-names (unless unusual or foreign in origin) and surnames where appropriate, translating some of the standard clauses used by the clerks and coding of some of the regular data types." Eastern Crown tested the database by searching for a number of period spellings of bynames from Reaney and Wilson and the MED; that search found almost all of the expected spelling variants for the same root bynames. While some bynames may have been modernized, it appears to have been done only very infrequently. In any event, Wynegode is clearly not a standard modern form, so it likely can be trusted.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

7: Jibril ibn `Ammar al-Fayyad - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2009, via the East

(Fieldless) A crescent-shaped arrowhead sable.

An arrowhead of this type, dated between 1066 and 1500, can be seen at the Portable Antiquities Scheme website, cited below.

Hinds,K (2005) WILT-73A897 A MEDIEVAL ARROWHEAD Webpage available at: http://finds.org.uk/database/artefacts/record/id/114970 [Accessed: Jul 20, 2013 4:44:27 AM]

A similar extant piece, dated to the late 13th century, is sketched on in Oliver Jessop, "A New Artefact Typology for the Study of Medieval Arrowheads" (The University of York, Archeology Data Service; http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/catalogue/adsdata/arch-769-1/dissemination/pdf/vol40/40_192_205. pdf) on p. 194 (page 3 of the PDF).


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

8: Jibril ibn `Ammar al-Fayyad - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2009, via the East

(Fieldless) On a broad arrow argent a decrescent sable.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

9: Kashiwadebe no Hikojiro - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2009, via the Middle

Sable, a roundel pierced of a lozenge ployé Or

The submitter has provided documentation for this design as a Japanese heraldic motif dating to the Heian period and used on a banner dated to before 1582.

Image #1 is from p.73 of "The Samurai Sourcebook" by Stephen Turnball (Cassell & Co., London, 2000). It shows the banner of Sakuma Nobumori (d. 1582).

Image #2 is from p. 134 of "The Elements of Japanese Design" by John W. Dower (Wetherhill, Boston, 2005).

Submitted as Sable, a roundel pierced of a lozenge ployé Or, we have changed this to Sable, on a bezant a lozenge ployé throughout sable at the suggestion of commenters.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=950/2013-09-26/21-30-34_kashidoc1.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=950/2013-09-26/21-30-36_kashidoc2.jpg


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

10: Llewellyn Walsh - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2012, via the East

(Fieldless) In saltire a rapier inverted sable and a mirror Or glassed argent.

An unsigned letter of permission to conflict from Anastasia da Monte was included with the submission, but does not appear to be necessary due to the differences in orientation of the charges between this badge and Anastasia's. Commenters in kingdom agreed that Anastasia's badge that appears elsewhere on this letter is not a conflict.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

11: Murdoch Blackwood - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No changes.

Both name elements are from "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/).

Murdoch is a male given name dated to 1599 in this spelling (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/murdoch.html).

Blackwood is the header form of a surname, with the dated form being Blacwod dated to 1588. (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/blackwood.html). In support of the submitted spelling, Harie Blackwood appears in a Scots language parliamentary record of 12 March 1649 on the Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707 website (http://www.rps.ac.uk/).


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

12: Novella Soranzo - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2012, via the East

Per chevron ermine and erminois, in chief a pair of stag's attires proper and in base a bee proper.

This was originally blazoned Per chevron ermine and erminois, in chief a brown stag's attire proper and in base a bee sable marked Or and winged argent. The separated antlers are properly blazoned as a pair of stag's attires so we have made that change. In addition, although it does not appear in the Glossary of Terms, by longstanding precedent a bee sable marked Or and winged argent is considered a bee proper. [Aideen the Audacious, September, 1993, pg. 1].

We are very uncertain about the lack contrast between the bee proper and the erminois field. Commentary did not identify a precedent directly on point. We are forwarding the device and ask Wreath for guidance on this point.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

13: Novella Soranzo - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2012, via the East

(Fieldless) In saltire two brown arrows proper headed argent and fletched sable and Or, overall a ball of yarn gules.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

14: Østgarðr, Crown Province of - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 1984, via the East

(Fieldless) On a mullet vert a lantern argent

This submission is to be associated with Order of the Silver Lantern

The Order name Order of the Silver Lantern was registered to the Crown Province of Østgarðr in July of 2012 (via the East).

This is a resubmission of the badge (Fieldless) A lantern argent which appeared on the East's February 21, 2012 ILoI. That badge conflicted with Thomas Ouswood (Sept. 2000, Æthelmearc): Vert, a lantern argent enflamed Or. The Crown Province's submission was pended while we attempted to obtain permission to conflict, which was not forthcoming. This version avoids the conflict by changing the primary charge.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

15: Rónán fitz Robert - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of May 23, 2013 as submitted.

Azure, a sword between two dolphins haurient respectant argent.

We believe this device to be clear of the device of Galen Niccoli (Jan. 1989 Ansteorra): Azure, two dolphins haurient respectant and in base a sun in splendor argent by a change to the type and placement of the sun vs. the sword but further commentary is requested.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

16: Sadb ingen Domnaill - New Name & New Device

Argent, three chevronels braced and interlaced and on a chief rayonny azure an escallop Or winged argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Gaelic) most important.

Sadb is a Middle Irish Gaelic feminine name found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Sadb.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1048, 1126, 1171, and 1176.

ingen is the patronymic marker used for female Middle Irish Gaelic names, per Apendix A of SENA.

Domnaill is the genitive form of the Middle Irish Gaelic masculine name Domnall, also found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Domnall.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 974, 976, 980, 981, 1095, 1118, 1122, 1126, 1127, 1135, 1146, and 1168.

With the submitter's permission, the device was redrawn to make the rayonny more recognizable.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

17: Séafraidh de Honicombe - New Name & New Device

Per bend azure and Or, a bee and a full drop spindle counterchanged.

Séafraidh is an Early Modern Gaelic male given name found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Seafraid.shtml) with Annals dates throughout the 1200s, 1300s and 1400s.

de Honicombe - R&W s.n. Honeycomb gives Robert de Honicomb' dated to 1327. The ' at the end of place names is almost always a scribal abbreviation for a terminal 'e'

Gaelic and English can be combined under Appendix A of SENA.

Originally blazoned Per bend azure and Or, a bee and a drop spindle counterchanged, whether the spindle is full or not is generally blazoned; as such, we have added that to the blazon.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

18: Sláine ben Rónáin meic Robeird - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of May 23, 2013 as submitted.

Azure, a squirrel sejant erect contourny maintaining upon a tray argent a wooden goblet proper all within a bordure argent semy of acorns proper.

This device is clear of the device of Kenric Fitzalan (Aug. 2012, Trimaris): Gules, a squirrel contourny argent and a bordure argent semy of acorns sable. There is one DC for the field. There is a second DC for the difference between sable and brown proper. [Owain of Aquaterra, Feb 2006, A-An Tir].


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

19: Sorcha Dhocair - New Name & New Device

Per pale purpure and vert, on a lozenge argent a rose proper.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Irish Gaelic) most important.

Sorcha is an Early Modern Gaelic female name found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Sorcha.shtml) with Annals dates of 1480, 1500, 1530 and 1639(?).

Docair is an Early Modern Gaelic descriptive byname meaning "[the] Grievous/Troublesome/Difficult (Mischievous)," found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/Docair.shtml) with Annals dates of 1383 and 1387. Dhocair is the lenited form, which is required because this is a feminine name.

The SCA does not consider charged lozenges to be arms of pretense or marshalling:

[on a lozenge argent a fleur-de-lys gules] As per the rules change in the cover letter to the June 2001 LoAR, the fact that the charged shape is not an escutcheon means that this is not an inescutcheon of pretense. ... While this armory is evocative of the city of Florence, whose arms are Argent, a fleur-de-lys gules, it is acceptable. [Alethea of Shrewsbury, 08/01, A-Lochac].

Therefore, we are forwarding this device.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

20: Tryggvi Stefnisson - New Name

Sound (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

Tryggvi is a male given name found at p. 15 of "The Old Norse Name" by Geirr Bassi Haraldsson

Stefnir is a male given name also found at p. 15 of Geirr Bassi. According to the rules set out in Geirr Bassi for the construction of patronymics, the final -r of Stefnir drops and it becomes Stefnisson.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

21: Varju Kalara - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (Hungarian culture) most important.
Meaning (crow or raven) most important.

Kalara is a given name found in "Hungarian Feminine Names" by Walraven van Nijmegen (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/magfem2.html) s.n. Klára dated to 1605.

Varju appears as a byname meaning "crow" in "Regi Magyar Csaladnevek Szotara" by Kazmer Miklos s.n. Varju, dated to 1625.

This name was submitted as Kalara Corvus but no documentation was provided for the byname. Kolosvari Arpadne Julia contributed documentation for Varju as a Hungarian byname meaning "crow." On August 10, 2013, the submitter consented to a change to Varju Kalara.


This item was on the 12-2013 LoAR

22: Védís Iðunardóttir - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (unspecified) most important.

Védís is a female given name found in "Viking Names found in the Landnámabók," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html)

Iðunn is a female given name found in "Viking Names found in the Landnámabók," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html). Matronymic bynames in Old Norse were ruled registerable on the December 2012 LoAR. [Kitta Kristinsdottir, 12/2012 LoAR, A-Calontir]. Under the rules for constructing Old Norse patronymics and matronymics, names ending in -unn form a genitive with -ar. Iðunn yields Iðunardóttir.

The name was submitted as Verthandi Iðunardóttir, but no documentation was found for Verthandi as a given name used by humans. After discussions with Eastern Crown, the submitter has opted to change her given name to Védís.

In response to a question raised in commentary, there is evidence that the given name Iðunn was used by humans as well as a precedent permitting its use. From the April 1988 LoAR:

Iduna Snorrisdottir. Name only. As Geirr Bassi gives two examples of "Idunn" used by humans in period, the given name would seem to be acceptable. However, in designing her device she should take care to avoid any allusion to the Norse goddess of the same name (e.g., apples).

This precedent has not been overturned. We have changed the name to Védís Iðunardóttir consistent with the submitter's preferences and are forwarding it in that form.



OSCAR counts 10 New Names, 1 New Branch Name, 10 New Devices and 7 New Badges. These 28 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $84 for them. There are a total of 28 items submitted on this letter.

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