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East LoI dated 2013-08-28

To Gabriel Laurel, Juliana Pelican, and Emma Wreath, greetings from Joscelin Blue Tyger, Alys Eastern Crown and the heralds of the East!

It is the intent of the College of Heralds of the East to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity and allows any changes.

Please enjoy this light letter before the great Pennsic deluge arrives next month.

This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

1: Abdullah ibn Harun al-Qurtubi - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2012, via the East

Azure semy of lyres argent

This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

2: Christiana Crane - New Household Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Fulton House

No changes.

The submitter's name was registered on the April 2012 LoAR.

The pattern [place name] + [house/hall/lodge] has been documented for household names. [Sythe Blackwolfe, 12/2007 LoAR, R-Calontir; Edward Grey of Lochleven, 7/2009 LoAR, A-East].

Fulton is a place name that evolved into a surname as seen in R&W s.n. Fulton, which gives Richard Fulton (1218-19) and Roger de Fuldon' (1255-58) and Bardsley p. 303 s.n. Fulton, which gives John de Fulton (1273). Bardsley states that the village of Fulton is extinct.

This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

3: East, Kingdom of the - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

King's Order of Excellence

This Order name follows the pattern of using virtues or abstract qualities, shown in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (

The spelling King can be dated to period in the MED s.n. king: (1406) RParl. 3.605a: The Wyrshipfull Prince Robert, the King of Scotland.

Excellence was a postive quality or virtue in period. The Middle English Dictionary s.n. excellence gives the following relevant meanings and dated examples, including multiple examples of the submitted spelling:

excellence (n.)

1. Superiority, greatness, distinction (in a certain respect): distinction or eminence (in ability, artistry), refinement (in manners), excellence (of character), greatness or culmination (of fame or reputation), prominence (of birth or wealth), distinction or dignity (of old age), excellence (of a jewel); -- with in or of phrase.

(c1384) WBible(1) (Dc 369(2)) 2 Mac.6.23: The worthi excellence of age, and his eelde [senectutis suæ eminentiam dignam]. c1390(?c1350) SVrn.Leg.(Vrn) 61/3: For þreo causus of gret fame: Þe furst is excellence of dignite. (c1395) Chaucer CT.Cl.(Manly-Rickert) E.408: She was encressed in swich excellence Of thewes goode..That ech hir louede. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) prol.361: Guydo..Whiche had in writyng passyng excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 1.2179: To gete hym honour by excellence of fame. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 2.194: Of peyntyng I haue noon excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 2.1526: Of port, of konnyng, & of womanhede, Sche haþ alone..Þe souereynte and þe excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 2.2726: Of witte and of sapience Þou schalt hooly han þe excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 3.2198: Liche þe honour and þe excellence Of royal buriyng. ?a1425 Mandev.(2) (Eg 1982) 108/8: His grete nobillay..and þe grete excellence of his ricches. c1450(c1400) Sultan Bab.(Gar 140) 17: While þat Rome was in excellence Of alle Realmes in dignite.

2. Outstanding or supreme quality; greatness, prominence, distinction, illustriousness (in some unspecified respect, often to be gathered from the context); esp., integrity or refinement of character; crafti excellence, excellence in craftsmanship; roial excellence, illustriousness of a ruler, royal splendor; don excellence, do an act of kindness or generosity; in excellence, at the culmination of (one's) life or fame.

(c1385) Chaucer CT.Kn.(Manly-Rickert) A.3048: A man hath moost honour To dyen in his excellence and flour, Whan he is siker of his goode name. (c1387-95) Chaucer CT.Prol.(Manly-Rickert) A.311: A sergeant of the Lawe, war and wys,..ful riche of excellence. (c1390) Chaucer CT.Ph.(Manly-Rickert) C.10: For nature hath with souereyn diligence Yformed hire in so greet excellence. (c1390) Chaucer CT.Mel.(Manly-Rickert) B.3011: We submitten vs to the excellence and benygnytee of youre gracious lordshipe. (a1393) Gower CA (Frf 3) 7.1751: The gold [in a King's crown] betokneth excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 1.460: Þi kny3tly hert, þi manly excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 2.1037: Þe werkeman haþ nat failed It to parforme by crafty excenlence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 2.2006: Gery Mars..Can 3eue a man whilom excellence To wynne a pris. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 4.1596: Twey tombes..of royal excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 5.977: For al hir excellence..3et hir lord of newfangilnesse Toke anoþer. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 4.5970: With-outen any maner reuerence Or honour done to þe excellence Of Appollo. a1450(?c1421) Lydg. ST (Arun 119) 1895: Requiring hym, of kyngly excellence, In goodly wise [to] 3eve hym audience. a1425(c1385) Chaucer TC (Benson-Robinson) 3.215: In preysing of hire excellence, Hire governaunce, hire wit. c1430(c1386) Chaucer LGW (Benson-Robinson) 2049: Yow, that don to me this excellence. c1475(c1445) Pecock Donet (Bod 916) 29/1: Sum excellence or worþines or goodnes of god. 1447 Bokenham Sts.(Arun 327) 134: The wurthy excellence Of thys holy maydyn. c1475(a1449) Lydg. Horns (LdMisc 683) 10: Rubyes of moost excellence Shewe in dirknesse lyght where so they be. c1475(a1449) Lydg. Benedictus DDS (LdMisc 683) 25: God gaff Dauyd roiall excellence,..moost ffor his meeknesse. a1450(1391) Chaucer Astr.(Benson-Robinson) 2.26.1: The excellence of the spere solide, amonges othir noble conclusiouns, shewith [etc.]. c1450(1410) Walton Boeth.(Lin-C 103) p.258: This purveaunce haþ this excellence: That alle þing at ones he enbraceth.

This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

4: East, Kingdom of the - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Order of Valor of the East

This Order name follows the pattern of using virtues or abstract qualities, shown in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (

Valor is a virtue or positive quality, which the Middle English Dictionary s.n. valour defines as:

1.(a) Worthiness in terms of the chivalric virtues, nobility of character or breeding; also, spiritual worth [quot. ?a1475]; also, courtliness, refinement [quot. a1500(?a1400)]; of ~; (b) bravery, courage, valiance in battle; of ~; (c) physical strength, might; also, stability, endurance [quot. c1450]; intensity [quot. a1475]; of ~.

Among the dated examples is the spelling valour:

a1425(?a1400) RRose (Htrn 409) 6930: If we seen hym wynne honour, Richesse, or preis thurgh his valour ... compassen we Bi what ladder he is clomben so And forto maken hym doun to go.

a1450-1509 Rich.(Brunner) 4956: Vndyr þe fforest off Arsour He wolde asaye hys valour

SENA NPN 3.C states "The Order of the Whistle does not conflict with the Order of the Whistle of Drachenwald, because the substantive elements being compared are Whistle and Whistle of Drachenwald." Therefore, the Order of Valor of the East does not conflict with the Order of Valor registered to the Kingdom of the West in August of 1987 (via Laurel).

Lillia Diademe pointed out that the spelling valor occured in period, albeit under one of the alternate meanings for the word. MED, s.n. valour, under definition 3b 'the monetary sum representing the value of something, price' has:

"(1466-7) Acc.Howard in RC 57 174: 3e have ... a lytel stofe of myne fore my howesolde, wesche is of no grete valor." MED s.n. tensor has "(1467) Ordin.Wor. 394: Also, that euery Tensure be sett a resonable fyne..and that euery tensure that hath ben wtyn the cyte a yere or more dwellynge, and hath sufficiaunt to the valor of xl s. or more, be warned to be made citezen by resonable tyme to hym lymitted, and yf he refuse that..he shalle yerly pay to the comyn cofre xl d. ouer that summe that shalle yerly pay to the Baillies or eny other officers, and so yerly to contynue tylle he be made citezen." Finally, MED s.n. worth: "(1440) PParv.(Hrl 221) 535: Wurthe, or the wurthe of walur of a thynge: Valor."

These examples would seem to support the submitted spelling. If not, the Kingdom will accept the documented valour if necessary for registration.

This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

5: Evalina von Schaidegg - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of February 21, 2013 as submitted.

Argent, three mullets one and two and a mountain of two peaks issuant from base gules, a chief azure.

Commenters questioned whether there was a problem with the device having both a chief and a base. Precedent permits designs with a chief and a base together to be registered on a case-by-case basis where the overall design does not resemble a charged fess -- for example, "if the chief and base were different tinctures, for instance, or if they had different lines of division." [Cynwrig de Montain, Nov 2006 LoAR, R-Artemisia; Rowland of Lincolnshire, Dec. 2011 LoAR, A-Outlands]. Since this device's design could not be mistaken for a charged fess, we are fowarding it.

We have modified the blazon to indicate that the mountain is issuant from base.

This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

6: Grímólfr Skúlason - New Name & New Badge

(Fieldless) In saltire a rose in profile slipped and leaved and a rapier Or, overall a wolf's head couped sable.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No changes.

Grímólfr is a male given name found 5 or fewer times in "Viking Names found in Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (

Skúli is a male given name found in the same article.

The name was originally submitted as Grímólfr Skúlison, but the patronymic was not correctly formed. According to the rules set out on p. 17 of Geirr-Bassi, the patronymic should be Skúlason. The submitter was contacted by Eastern Crown and, on July 14, 2013, consented to change the byname from Skúlison to Skúlason to correct the grammar.

The use of a rose in profile is a Step from Period Practice. [Jahhaf ibn 'Awanah, 03/2012, A-East] As there is only a single SFPP in the badge, it is likely registerable.

This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

7: Katherine Meade - Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1992, via the East

(Fieldless) An elephant rampant bearing its back a howdah gules between and conjoined to four torteaux in cross.

The submitter's first badge submission, (Fieldless) An elephant rampant argent bearing a howdah gules was returned on the November 2011 LoAR for conflict with the device of Simona dell'Amore, Sable, an elephant rampant argent. As the LoAR explained: "The motif of an elephant with a castle or tower upon its back is period, but we grant no difference between a howdah and a castle or tower, and as an elephant with such on its back was used interchangeably with an elephant unburdened, we do not grant difference for the existence (or lack thereof)."

The submitter's first resubmission (Fieldless) An elephant rampant argent bearing on its back a howdah gules between eight mullets of eight points in annulo Or, was returned on the East Kingdom's February 5, 2013 LoD for violating SENA A.3.A.2 governing fieldless badges, which explicitly states that "[a]ll the charges in these designs must touch one another to create a single self-contained design." The mullets were not touching the elephant, requiring a return.

Although this badge is intended to be fieldless, it was submitted on the form for fielded badges.

We modified the blazon to include the tincture of the elephant. We are concerned about the registerability of this badge giving the very minimal conjoining of the rightmost torteaux. However, we think it would benefit from more commentary and are therefore sending it up for further review.

This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

8: Lions End, Canton of - New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 1988, via the East

Billet Pursuivant

No major changes.
Meaning (the 'billet' heraldic charge) most important.

SENA NPN 1.B.4 states that Pursuivant is one of the standard titles for local branches.

"Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" by Juliana de Luna ( lists heraldic titles named after heraldic charges as the second most common pattern in England and the third most common pattern in France.

A billet is a common heraldic charge. Parker's A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry lists it as "Billet, (fr. billette): a small oblong figure." The PicDic states: "billets are also found in period armory as distinct, single charges; such usage dates frmo c. 1295 in the arms of Gacelin."

The OED s.n. billet gives examples of this spelling in period:

1592. Wyrley Armorie 153. A siluer fes 'tween many billets gold.

1610 Guillim Heraldry iv. v. (1660) 279. This Billet in Armory is taken for a paper folded up in form of a letter.

This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

9: Lions End, Canton of - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 1988, via the East

(Fieldless) In pale a bicorporate lion conjoined to a billet fesswise Or.

This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

10: Lucien de Pontivi - New Household Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2005, via the East

Academy of Saint Gregory with the Dove

Academy is a household designator that may be used in household names registered to individuals. [Galen Storm, 08/2002, A-Atlantia]

This Household Name uses the pattern of naming a group after a saint plus a thing, found primarily in the names of military societies/orders. "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna ( gives the example of the Society of Saint George with the Pelican founded by Ludwig IV von Wittelsbach, duke of Upper Bavaria and Elector-Count Palatine of Franconia or the Rhine, in 1444. The order's name was recorded in period as:

Gesellschaft mit dem Pelikan 'Society with the Pelican' 1444 German;

Gesellschaft St. Georges mit dem Pelikan 'Society of Saint George with the Pelican' 1444 German

Gesellschaft St. Jörgens mit dem Pelikan 'Society of Saint George with the Pelican' 1444 German

Alternatively, this name follows the pattern of inn names based on references to religious stories found in "English Sign Names From 17th Century Tradesman's Tokens" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada ( A dove is the special emblem of Saint Gregory and frequently appears in medieval art depicting the saint based on the following well-known story:

A dove is his special emblem, in allusion to the well-known story recorded by Peter the Deacon (Vita, xxviii), who tells that when the pope was dictating his homilies on Ezechiel a veil was drawn between his secretary and himself. As, however, the pope remained silent for long periods at a time, the servant made a hole in the curtain and, looking through, beheld a dove seated upon Gregory's head with its beak between his lips. When the dove withdrew its beak the holy pontiff spoke and the secretary took down his words; but when he became silent the servant again applied his eye to the hole and saw the dove had replaced its beak between his lips.


Examples of the dove dictating to Pope Gregory in medieval artwork can be found in the Antiphonary of Hartker of the monastery of Saint Gall (Cod. Sang. 390, p. 13) ( and in a 9th cen. manuscript (,_san_gregorio_magno_ispirato_dalla_colomba,_983 _miniatura,_treviri_stadtbiblithek,_19,8x27_cm.jpg)

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:

This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

11: Murdoch Macrae - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (unspecified) most important.

Murdoch appears as a male given name in "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (, with the submitted spelling dated to 1599.

Macrae is a header form in Black p. 560, with the dated forms Macraith (1202), M'Rey (1376), McRay (1476) and Mackcrae (1650). James Macray of Pardowis appears in a Scots language document dated 19 May 1584 in the Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707 ( "Publications of the Scottish History Society" (T. and A. Constable, 1917) at p. 639 has an excerpt of a Scots language document dated to 1646 containing the name Robert Mackrae. (

Macrae has been registered within the past year as an interpolated spelling based on this identical documentation. [Emily Macrae, 11/2012 LoAr, A-Outlands].

This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

12: Scolario Roverino - New Name & New Device

Argent, two keys in saltire, wards to chief, gules.

No major changes.

Scolario is a vernacular male given name based on the Latinized Scolarius found in Juliana de Lunda's "Masculine Names from Thirteenth Century Pisa" (

Roverino appears as a person's byname in Les douanes de Gênes, 1376-1377, Volume 1 ( &q=Roverino). In addition, Delle monete e dell' instituzione delle zecche d'Italia, dell' antico by Gian Rinaldo conte Carli (, at p. 93, in the 16th century Appendix, year 1502, mentions Ducato Ungaro and Ducato Roverino. Maridonna Benvenuti translated this as "Duchy of Ungaro and a Duchy Roverino..." The footnote (b) on that page quotes "...Roverino perche forse provenuto da Sisto IV, della Rovere, creato del 1471, morto nel 1484...," which Maridonna translated as: "Roverino may have originated with Pope Sixtus IV della Rovere, [the pope] who was created in 1471 died in 1484..."


This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

13: Simeon ben Iucef de Alcaçar - New Name & New Device

Vary sable, argent, gules and Or, on a pale sable three towers Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Language (Sefardic Jewish) most important.
Culture (Sefardic Jewish) most important.

Simeon appears s.n. Simon in "Jewish Given Names Found in Les Noms Des Israélites en France" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael ( Simeon is dated to the 10th and 11th centuries.

Iucef is a masculine given name appearing in "A sample of Jewish names in Valencia 1293-1485," by Yehoshua ben Haim haYerushalmi ( dated to 1293-1300.

de Alaçar is a locative byname appearing in CORDE, with del castiello de Alcaçar dated to c. 1196 and infante Don Pedro del Alcaçar dated to 1312.

Submitted as Simeon ben Iuçef de Alcaçar, the name Iucef does not have a cedilla in the cited article. We therefore have removed it from the submitted name. Removing an accent is not a major change.

Evidence of vairy of four colors is found in Hierosme de Bara. Le Blason des Armoiries. Paris: Chez Rolet Bovtonné. 1628. p. 11. ( or (

This item was on the 11-2013 LoAR

14: Sitt al-Gharb ha-nigret Khazariyya - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

All name elements and the naming pattern are from "Jewish Women's Names in an Arab Context: Names from the Geniza of Cairo" by Juliana de Luna (

Sitt al-Gharb is a female given name meaning "mistress of the West."

Khazariyya is a female given name meaning "the Turkish woman."

Submitted as Khazariyya al-Sa'ima Sitt al-Gharb, no documentation was provided for the naming pattern [given name] + [byname] + [given name] in Arabic names. Nor is such a pattern supported by the articles in Appendix A of SENA. Neither unmarked matronymics nor double given names are found in Arabic.

During commentary, Eastern Crown had a lengthy e-mail discussion with the submitter about how she wanted to proceed. After reviewing several options, the submitter requested that we change her name to Sitt al-Gharb ha-nigret Khazariyya.

"Jewish Women's Names in an Arab Context: Names from the Geniza of Cairo" by Juliana de Luna ( gives the example of Sitt al-Banat ha-nigret Sa'ida (Mistress over the girls, named propitious). Following that pattern, the submitted name would be something like "Lady of the West, named the Turkish woman."

Private e-mail with Juliana clarified that ha-nigret in her article is likely a typo and that the proper spelling should be ha-niqret. The submitter approved this correction.

Names in the pattern [given name] "who is called/known as" [given name] can be registered in languages in which that pattern is documented, as is clearly stated in the 03/1996 Cover Letter ( and provided for in Appendix A of SENA. The pattern is adequately documented from the Geniza of Cairo. Therefore, we are forwarding this name.

Correction (2013-Aug-29 07:08:50): ha-nigret is a typo; the name element should be ha-niqret per Juliana Pelican.

OSCAR counts 5 New Names, 2 New Household Names, 2 New Order Names, 1 New Heraldic Title, 3 New Devices and 3 New Badges. These 16 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $48 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Badge. This item is not chargeable. There are a total of 17 items submitted on this letter.

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