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East ILoI dated 2013-08-01

Greetings to the heralds of the East and the Known World.

This letter contains all paid submissions received by Eastern Crown prior to August 1, 2013. It does not contain any Pennsic submissions. Commentary will close on August 31, 2013. Many thanks to this month's coloring elf, Lady Charitye Dale.

Alys Eastern Crown

1: Anastasia da Monte -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2011, via the East

(Fieldless) In saltire a mirror Or glassed argent and a rapier sable.

Consulting herald: Donovan Shinnock

Prior to the three badges submitted on this letter, Anastasia had only a single device registered: Purpure, on a pale wavy argent a lizard tergiant vert (July 2012, East). She remains well under the registration limit of six pieces of armory.


2: Anastasia da Monte -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2011, via the East

(Fieldless) A natural lizard tergiant vert.

Consulting herald: Donovan Shinnock

Prior to the three badges submitted on this letter, Anastasia had only a single device registered: Purpure, on a pale wavy argent a lizard tergiant vert (July 2012, East). She remains well under the registration limit of six pieces of armory.


3: Anastasia da Monte -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2011, via the East

(Fieldless) A rapier argent between and conjoined to two natural lizards tergiant vert.

Consulting herald: Donovan Shinnock

Prior to the three badges submitted on this letter, Anastasia had only a single device registered: Purpure, on a pale wavy argent a lizard tergiant vert (July 2012, East). She remains well under the registration limit of six pieces of armory.


4: Ásgeirr þurs -New Name & New Device

Vert, in saltire two arrows inverted and overall a lion dormant.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (Ahs-geer Thooors) most important.

Consulting herald: Díarmaid Ó Brían

Ásgeirr is a male given name found in "Viking Names found in Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html) with a frequency of 19.

þurs is a descriptive byname meaning "giant, troll" found in "Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/vikbynames.html). It is not clear from the form whether the byname is intended to be capitalized or not.


5: Asher Militis -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Culture (Jewish - Angevin England c. 1100 A.D.) most important.

Consulting herald: D. Aurelius Severus

The submitter requests a Jewish name for the Angevin period in England c. 1100 A.D.

Both name elements are found in "Jewish Naming Convention in Angevin England" by Eleazar ha-Levi (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/jewish.html).

Asher appears as a male given name.

Militis appears as a byname with the meaning "Knight (?), soldier."

SENA PN.4.B. states:

B. Claim to Rank: Names may not contain a claim to a protected and/or restricted rank that the submitter does not have within the Society. This includes the following:

1. Use of Elements that Appear to Be Titles: Names may not contain an element or group of elements that create the appearance of a claim to have a specific protected rank or title that the submitter does not possess within the Society, even if that name element or elements are attested. Those titles which are so protected can be found in the List of Alternate Titles.

Attested bynames which are identical to titles used in the Society are generally not allowed for individuals who do not have that rank. Relatively minor changes to the form of the byname can remove the appearance of a claim to rank.

For example, only a knight can register the byname Knight or Chevalier, as both are titles used in the Society for a knight. However, while the family name Visconti is derived from the word for viscount (visconte) it is not actually the restricted title. Thus the byname Visconti is not a claim to be a viscount, and can be registered.

Commenters are asked to discuss the registerabilitly of Militis under PN.4.B.1. Note that Militis is not one of the alternative reserved titles for members of the Chivalry.

Correction (2013-Aug-22 10:08:07): I'm finding <militis> and <militii> being used in 12th and 13th cen. Latin documents to signify "knight"

For example, from a 1264 letter by Beatrice of Savoy (http://epistolae.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/letter/474.html):

"Item Margarete filie quondam domini P. de Chaveluto militis 15 lib. v.", which is translated as "To Marguerite, daughter of former lord P. of Chavelut, knight 15 L."

"Item domino Stephano de Aquis, militi 20 lib. tur.", which is translated as "To lord Stephen of Aix, knight, 20 TL."

On the other hand, a letter of 1204 (http://epistolae.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/letter/1306.html) uses <militis> as "soldier": "Bertrandi de Vallauches militis" which is translated as "Bertrand of Vallauches, soldier"

It does appear certain that <militis> is the not the nominative form -- however, the correct nominative form may be <militi> which is not a reserved title.

Correction (2013-Aug-22 10:08:29): I'm finding <militis> and <militii> being used in 12th and 13th cen. Latin documents to signify "knight"

For example, from a 1264 letter by Beatrice of Savoy (http://epistolae.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/letter/474.html):

"Item Margarete filie quondam domini P. de Chaveluto militis 15 lib. v.", which is translated as "To Marguerite, daughter of former lord P. of Chavelut, knight 15 L."

"Item domino Stephano de Aquis, militi 20 lib. tur.", which is translated as "To lord Stephen of Aix, knight, 20 TL."

On the other hand, a letter of 1204 (http://epistolae.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/letter/1306.html) uses <militis> as "soldier": "Bertrandi de Vallauches militis" which is translated as "Bertrand of Vallauches, soldier"

It does appear certain that <militis> is the not the nominative form -- however, the correct nominative form may be <militi> which is not a reserved title.

Correction (2013-Aug-23 11:08:26): REAL CORRECTION:

The submitter has been made aware of the potential problem with "militis" as a byname. After discussing several options with him, he has opted to revise his name to <Asher de Lincolia>.

Lincolia is a place name appearing s.n. Lincoln dated to 1086 in "Dated Placenames from Lincolnshire" by Gunnvör silfrahárr and Talan Gwynek (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/gunnvor/LincolnshirePlacenames/Lincolnshire3.htm#l).


6: Damiano Vitale della Fonda -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 1990, via the East

Per bend sinister sable and argent, a sword inverted bendwise sinister between two apples counterchanged.

Consulting herald: Rainlit

This device suffers from two major paperwork failures: (1) no black and white outline drawing was provided; and (2) the shield shape was substantially changed from the size and shape on the form. Both of these are grounds for return. While Eastern Crown decides whether to arrange for a re-draw or simply to return the device, please comment on conflicts and style issues.


7: Giggleswick, Riding of -New Branch Name & New Device

Azure, a water wheel within a laurel wreath argent, a base barry wavy argent and azure.

Consulting herald: Harold von Auerbach

Riding is one of the standard designators for branches found in the Administrative Handbook. (http://heraldry.sca.org/admin.html#I.A)

Giggleswick is the header form in Mills, A Dictionary of British Place Names, with the dated form Ghigelswic in 1086.

SENA NPN 1.C.2.c limits the use of the Lingua Anglica rule to "attested and constructed household names, heraldic titles, and order names." It does not say that Lingua Anglica forms can be used to create branch names. Assistance in documenting the submitted form therefore is requested.

A petition signed by the members of the Riding is enclosed, but it is not dated and contains only a blazon and not an emblazon of the submitted armory.


8: Harvey Wynegode -New Name & New Device

Per fess gules and Or, three bunches grapes slipped and leaved counterchanged.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Spelling (surname 'Wynegode') most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Harvey is an English male given name found in the IGI Parish Records Extracts:

Harvey Christin; Male; Christening; 27 Aug 1558; SAINT MARTIN IN THE FIELDS, WESTMINSTER, LONDON, ENGLAND; Batch: P00145-1

Harvey Moore; Male; Christening; 03 Jan 1559; BISHOPS TAWTON, DEVON, ENGLAND; Batch: C05034-1

Wynegode appears in a database compiled by professors from the University of Southampton and the University of Reading (England) about soldiers in the Hundred Years War, as the surname of a man-at-arms who traveled to France in 1375. (http://www.medievalsoldier.org). The bynames in this database have been preserved in their original spellings.


9: Jibril ibn `Ammar al-Fayyad -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2009, via the East

(Fieldless) On a broad arrow argent a decrescent sable.

Consulting herald: Lillia de Vaux


10: Jibril ibn `Ammar al-Fayyad -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2009, via the East

(Fieldless) A crescent-shaped arrowhead sable.

Consulting herald: Lillia de Vaux

An arrowhead of this type, dated between 1066 and 1500, can be seen at the Portable Antiquities Scheme website, cited below.

Hinds,K (2005) WILT-73A897 A MEDIEVAL ARROWHEAD Webpage available at: http://finds.org.uk/database/artefacts/record/id/114970 [Accessed: Jul 20, 2013 4:44:27 AM]

A similar extant piece, dated to the late 13th century, is sketched on in Oliver Jessop, "A New Artefact Typology for the Study of Medieval Arrowheads" (The University of York, Archeology Data Service; http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/catalogue/adsdata/arch-769-1/dissemination/pdf/vol40/40_192_205. pdf) on p. 194 (page 3 of the PDF).


11: Kalara Corvus -New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and argent, a raven's skull palewise counterchanged.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (Hungarian culture) most important.
Meaning (crow or raven) most important.
Spelling (Corvus is preferred) most important.

Consulting herald: Istvan

Kalara is a given name found in "Hungarian Feminine Names" by Walraven van Nijmegen (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/magfem2.html) s.n. Klára dated to 1605.

Corvus is the Latin genus for crows or ravens. Mattias Corvinus was the King of Hungary (1458-1490) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matthias_Corvinus).

Obviously, the documentation for the byname could use some help. Commenters, please see what you can do.

Correction (2013-Aug-10 12:08:13): The submitter has consented to change the name to Varju Kalara consistent with Julia's recommendation.


12: Kashiwadebe no Hikojiro -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2009, via the Middle

Sable, a roundel pierced of a lozenge ployé Or

The submitter has provided documentation for this design as a Japanese heraldic motif dating to the Heian period and used on a banner dated to before 1582.

Image #1 is from p.73 of "The Samurai Sourcebook" by Stephen Turnball (Cassell & Co., London, 2000). It shows the banner of Sakuma Nobumori (d. 1582).

Image #2 is from p. 134 of "The Elements of Japanese Design" by John W. Dower (Wetherhill, Boston, 2005).

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=449/2013-07-30/22-11-50_KashiDoc1.JPG
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=449/2013-07-30/22-11-51_KashiDoc2.JPG


13: Llewellyn Walsh -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2012, via the East

(Fieldless) In saltire a rapier inverted sable and a mirror Or glassed argent.

Consulting herald: Llewellyn Walsh

An unsigned letter of permission to conflict from Anastasia da Monte was included with the submission, but does not appear to be necessary due to the differences in orientation of the charges between this badge and Anastasia's. Please comment on this.


14: Murdoch Blackwood -New Name & New Device

Azure, on a fess between three drinking horns Or a boar rampant reguardant gules.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No changes.

Consulting herald: Llewellyn Walsh

Both name elements are from "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/).

Murdoch is a male given name dated to 1599 in this spelling (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/murdoch.html).

Blackwood is the header form of a surname, with the dated form being Blacwod dated to 1588. (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/blackwood.html). In support of the submitted spelling, Harie Blackwood appears in a Scots language parliamentary record of 12 March 1649 on the Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707 website (http://www.rps.ac.uk/).

Although blazoned on the form as being "on" the fess, the boar as drawn is clearly not "on" the fess but is something closer to "overall" or "surmounting." Commenters should suggest alternative blazons and discuss whether the emblazon is registerable in its current form.


15: Novella Soranzo -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2012, via the East

Per chevron ermine and erminois, in chief a brown stag's attires proper and in base a bee sable marked Or and winged argent.


16: Novella Soranzo -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2012, via the East

(Fieldless) In saltire two brown arrows proper headed argent and fletched sable and Or, overall a ball of yarn gules.


17: Novella Soranzo -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2012, via the East

(Fieldless) A bee rising sable marked Or and winged argent, horned of brown antlers proper

Eastern Crown took her best stab at a blazon. Any suggestions for improving the blazon will be accepted with gratitude.


18: Østgarðr, Crown Province of -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 1984, via the East

(Fieldless) On a mullet vert a lantern argent

This submission is to be associated with Order of the Silver Lantern

The Order name Order of the Silver Lantern was registered to the Crown Province of Østgarðr in July of 2012 (via the East).

This is a resubmission of the badge (Fieldless) A lantern argent which appeared on the East's February 21, 2012 ILoI. That badge conflicted with Thomas Ouswood (Sept. 2000, Æthelmearc): Vert, a lantern argent enflamed Or. The Crown Province's submission was pended while we attempted to obtain permission to conflict, which was not forthcoming. This resubmission avoids the conflict by changing the primary charge.


19: Rónán fitz Robert -New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of May 23, 2013 as submitted.

Azure, a sword between two dolphins haurient respectant argent.

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe


20: Sadb ingen Domnaill -New Name & New Device

Argent, three chevronels braced and interlaced and on a chief rayonny azure an escallop Or winged argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Gaelic) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Sadb is a Middle Irish Gaelic feminine name found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Sadb.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1048, 1126, 1171, and 1176.

ingen is the patronymic marker used for female Middle Irish Gaelic names, per Apendix A of SENA.

Domnaill is the genitive form of the Middle Irish Gaelic masculine name Domnall, also found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Domnall.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 974, 976, 980, 981, 1095, 1118, 1122, 1126, 1127, 1135, 1146, and 1168.


21: Séafraidh de Honicombe -New Name & New Device

Per bend azure and Or, a bee and a drop spindle counterchanged.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Séafraidh is an Early Modern Gaelic male given name found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Seafraid.shtml) with Annals dates throughout the 1200s, 1300s and 1400s.

de Honicombe - R&W s.n. Honeycomb gives Robert de Honicomb' dated to 1327. The ' at the end of place names is almost always a scribal abbreviation for a terminal 'e'

Gaelic and English can be combined under Appendix A of SENA.


22: Sláine ben Rónáin meic Robeird -New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of May 23, 2013 as submitted.

Azure, a squirrel sejant erect contourny maintaining upon a tray argent a wooden goblet proper all within a bordure argent semy of acorns proper.

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe


23: Sorcha Dhocair -New Name & New Device

Per pale purpure and vert, on a lozenge argent a rose proper.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Irish Gaelic) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Sorcha is an Early Modern Gaelic female name found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Sorcha.shtml) with Annals dates of 1480, 1500, 1530 and 1639(?).

Docair is an Early Modern Gaelic descriptive byname meaning "[the] Grievous/Troublesome/Difficult (Mischievous)," found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/Docair.shtml) with Annals dates of 1383 and 1387. Dhocair is the lenited form, which is required because this is a feminine name.


24: Tryggvi Stefnisson -New Name & New Device

Vert, a bird volant Or.

Sound (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

Tryggvi is a male given name found at p. 15 of "The Old Norse Name" by Geirr Bassi Haraldsson

Stefnir is a male given name also found at p. 15 of Geirr Bassi. According to the rules set out in Geirr Bassi for the construction of patronymics, the final -r of Stefnir drops and it becomes Stefnisson.


25: Verthandi Iðunardóttir -New Name & New Device

Gules, a bird volant argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

Verthandi appears to be an Anglicized or modernized form of Verðandi, the name of one of the Norns or Fates in Norse mythology (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ver%C3%B0andi).

Iðunn is a female given name found in "Viking Names found in the Landnámabók," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html). Matronymic bynames in Old Norse were ruled registerable on the December 2012 LoAR. [Kitta Kristinsdottir, 12/2012 LoAR, A-Calontir]. Under the rules for constructing Old Norse patronymics and matronymics, names ending in -unn form a genitive with -ar. Iðunn yields Iðunardóttir.

There is an issue with the given name. Norns are supernatural creatures. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica:

Norn, in Germanic mythology, any of a group of supernatural beings who corresponded to the Greek Moirai; they were usually represented as three maidens who spun or wove the fate of men. Some sources name them Urd, Verdandi, and Skuld, perhaps meaning "past," "present," and "future." They were depicted as living by Yggdrasill, the world tree, under Urd's well and were linked with both good and evil. Being frequently attendant at births, they were sometimes associated with midwifery. The name Norn appears only in Scandinavian sources, but the cult of Nornlike beings occurs in several European folklores. In Norse literature the Norns are sometimes called dísir.

(http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/418430/Norn).

SENA PN 4.C states:

C. Claim of Powers: Names may not contain an unmistakable claim of superhuman abilities, magical powers, or divine origin. In general, a name phrase used by normal human beings during our period is not considered to be a claim to superhuman abilities or divine origin.

For example, we will register Odinson, because Odin was used as a human given name in Middle English and in Norwegian. Similarly, we will register an English byname Devil, because it is attested as a human descriptive byname in medieval England. On the other hand, we will not register a name like Lokassson as a patronymic constructed from the name Loki, because the only known use of Loki is as the name of an Old Norse god. Such a name would be a claim to a divine origin.

Commenters are asked for assistance in finding evidence of the given name being used by humans in period and for documentation supporting the byname. The submitter has been made aware of this issue.



OSCAR counts 10 Names, 1 Branch Name, 14 Devices and 10 Badges. There are a total of 35 items submitted on this letter.

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