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East ILoI dated 2013-07-12

Greetings one and all:

This letter contains submissions received by Eastern Crown in June 2013. I apologize for the delay in release; as anyone who's tried to talk to me in the past 2 weeks knows, I've been sick as a dog somce KWHSS.

Commentary on this letter closes on August 12, 2013. As always your commentary is greatly appreciated and very helpful.

I'd also like to remind heralds to please please please double-check paperwork before you let submitters mail things. This is the third month in a row with major paperwork failures (in this case, the lack of a black and white outline drawing of a device). Given the sheer volume of submissions that we process each month, fixing major paperwork defects is impracticable, puts a huge additional burden on me and my staff, and represents a great disservice to the submitters.

Alys Eastern Crown

1: Abdullah ibn Harun al-Qurtubi -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2012, via the East

Azure semy of lyres argent

Consulting herald: Abdullah ibn Harun al-Qurtubi


2: Christiana Crane -New Household Name & New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Fulton House

(Fieldless) A martlet sable.

No holding name.
No changes.

Consulting herald: Conall an Doire

The submitter's name was registered on the April 2012 LoAR.

The pattern [place name] + [house/hall/lodge] has been documented for household names. [Sythe Blackwolfe, 12/2007 LoAR, R-Calontir; Edward Grey of Lochleven, 7/2009 LoAR, A-East].

Fulton is a place name that evolved into a surname as seen in R&W s.n. Fulton, which gives Richard Fulton (1218-19) and Roger de Fuldon' (1255-58) and Bardsley p. 303 s.n. Fulton, which gives John de Fulton (1273). Bardsley states that the village of Fulton is extinct.


3: Constança Navarra -Resub Device

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Per pale argent and sable, a chalice and a wolf sejant ululant counterchanged, on a chief Or a bunch of grapes slipped and leaved bendwise proper

The submitter's name appears on the June 6, 2012 Eastern ILoI.

This is a resubmission of a device that appeared on the June 6, 2012 Eastern ILoI. On July 12, 2013, the submitter withdrew that device and opted to resubmit with a different design.

A wolf ululant is a Step from Period Practice under Appendix G of SENA.


4: East, Kingdom of the -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Order of Valor of the East

This Order name follows the pattern of using virtues or abstract qualities, shown in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/ListingOfStandardForms.html#AllAbstract).

Valor is a virtue or positive quality, which the Middle English Dictionary s.n. valour defines as:

1.(a) Worthiness in terms of the chivalric virtues, nobility of character or breeding; also, spiritual worth [quot. ?a1475]; also, courtliness, refinement [quot. a1500(?a1400)]; of ~; (b) bravery, courage, valiance in battle; of ~; (c) physical strength, might; also, stability, endurance [quot. c1450]; intensity [quot. a1475]; of ~.

Among the dated examples is the spelling valour:

a1425(?a1400) RRose (Htrn 409) 6930: If we seen hym wynne honour, Richesse, or preis thurgh his valour ... compassen we Bi what ladder he is clomben so And forto maken hym doun to go.

a1450-1509 Rich.(Brunner) 4956: Vndyr þe fforest off Arsour He wolde asaye hys valour

The Kingdom would prefer the modern American spelling valor, which should be acceptable as a Lingua Anglica form, but will accept the documented valour if necessary for registration.

SENA NPN 3.C states "The Order of the Whistle does not conflict with the Order of the Whistle of Drachenwald, because the substantive elements being compared are Whistle and Whistle of Drachenwald." Therefore, the Order of Valor of the East does not conflict with the Order of Valor registered to the Kingdom of the West in August of 1987 (via Laurel).


5: East, Kingdom of the -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

King's Order of Excellence

This Order name follows the pattern of using virtues or abstract qualities, shown in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/ListingOfStandardForms.html#AllAbstract).

The spelling King can be dated to period in the MED s.n. king: (1406) RParl. 3.605a: The Wyrshipfull Prince Robert, the King of Scotland.

Excellence was a postive quality or virtue in period. The Middle English Dictionary s.n. excellence gives the following relevant meanings and dated examples, including multiple examples of the submitted spelling:

excellence (n.)

1. Superiority, greatness, distinction (in a certain respect): distinction or eminence (in ability, artistry), refinement (in manners), excellence (of character), greatness or culmination (of fame or reputation), prominence (of birth or wealth), distinction or dignity (of old age), excellence (of a jewel); -- with in or of phrase.

(c1384) WBible(1) (Dc 369(2)) 2 Mac.6.23: The worthi excellence of age, and his eelde [senectutis suæ eminentiam dignam]. c1390(?c1350) SVrn.Leg.(Vrn) 61/3: For þreo causus of gret fame: Þe furst is excellence of dignite. (c1395) Chaucer CT.Cl.(Manly-Rickert) E.408: She was encressed in swich excellence Of thewes goode..That ech hir louede. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) prol.361: Guydo..Whiche had in writyng passyng excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 1.2179: To gete hym honour by excellence of fame. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 2.194: Of peyntyng I haue noon excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 2.1526: Of port, of konnyng, & of womanhede, Sche haþ alone..Þe souereynte and þe excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 2.2726: Of witte and of sapience Þou schalt hooly han þe excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 3.2198: Liche þe honour and þe excellence Of royal buriyng. ?a1425 Mandev.(2) (Eg 1982) 108/8: His grete nobillay..and þe grete excellence of his ricches. c1450(c1400) Sultan Bab.(Gar 140) 17: While þat Rome was in excellence Of alle Realmes in dignite.

2. Outstanding or supreme quality; greatness, prominence, distinction, illustriousness (in some unspecified respect, often to be gathered from the context); esp., integrity or refinement of character; crafti excellence, excellence in craftsmanship; roial excellence, illustriousness of a ruler, royal splendor; don excellence, do an act of kindness or generosity; in excellence, at the culmination of (one's) life or fame.

(c1385) Chaucer CT.Kn.(Manly-Rickert) A.3048: A man hath moost honour To dyen in his excellence and flour, Whan he is siker of his goode name. (c1387-95) Chaucer CT.Prol.(Manly-Rickert) A.311: A sergeant of the Lawe, war and wys,..ful riche of excellence. (c1390) Chaucer CT.Ph.(Manly-Rickert) C.10: For nature hath with souereyn diligence Yformed hire in so greet excellence. (c1390) Chaucer CT.Mel.(Manly-Rickert) B.3011: We submitten vs to the excellence and benygnytee of youre gracious lordshipe. (a1393) Gower CA (Frf 3) 7.1751: The gold [in a King's crown] betokneth excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 1.460: Þi kny3tly hert, þi manly excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 2.1037: Þe werkeman haþ nat failed It to parforme by crafty excenlence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 2.2006: Gery Mars..Can 3eue a man whilom excellence To wynne a pris. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 4.1596: Twey tombes..of royal excellence. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 5.977: For al hir excellence..3et hir lord of newfangilnesse Toke anoþer. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 4.5970: With-outen any maner reuerence Or honour done to þe excellence Of Appollo. a1450(?c1421) Lydg. ST (Arun 119) 1895: Requiring hym, of kyngly excellence, In goodly wise [to] 3eve hym audience. a1425(c1385) Chaucer TC (Benson-Robinson) 3.215: In preysing of hire excellence, Hire governaunce, hire wit. c1430(c1386) Chaucer LGW (Benson-Robinson) 2049: Yow, that don to me this excellence. c1475(c1445) Pecock Donet (Bod 916) 29/1: Sum excellence or worþines or goodnes of god. 1447 Bokenham Sts.(Arun 327) 134: The wurthy excellence Of thys holy maydyn. c1475(a1449) Lydg. Horns (LdMisc 683) 10: Rubyes of moost excellence Shewe in dirknesse lyght where so they be. c1475(a1449) Lydg. Benedictus DDS (LdMisc 683) 25: God gaff Dauyd roiall excellence,..moost ffor his meeknesse. a1450(1391) Chaucer Astr.(Benson-Robinson) 2.26.1: The excellence of the spere solide, amonges othir noble conclusiouns, shewith [etc.]. c1450(1410) Walton Boeth.(Lin-C 103) p.258: This purveaunce haþ this excellence: That alle þing at ones he enbraceth.


6: Evalina von Schaidegg -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of February 21, 2013 as submitted.

Argent, three mullets one and two and a mountain of two peaks gules, a chief azure

Consulting herald: Mithgiladan

This is a resubmission of a device returned on the February 5, 2013 Eastern LoD. The submitter's original device, Argent, three mullets of five points one and two and a mountain of two peaks gules conflicted with the device of Donal MacMurtrie (May 1988, Atenveldt): Argent, three mullets, one and two, gules, with only a single DC for the addition of the mountain. This resubmission adds an azure chief to clear the conflict.


7: Grímólfr Skúlison -New Name & New Device

Lozengy gules and argent, two ravens displayed and a wolf statant sable.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No changes.

Consulting herald: Llewellyn Walsh

Grímólfr is a male given name found 5 or fewer times in "Viking Names found in Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html).

Skúli is a male given name found in the same article. The submitted patronymic Skúlison is not correctly formed. According to the rules set out on p. 17 of Geirr-Bassi, the patronymic should be Skúlason.

Unfortunately, the submitter allows no changes. I will attempt to reach him to get his permission to fix the grammar of the byname.

Correction (2013-Jul-14 16:07:05): The submitter has consented to change the byname to Skúlason.


8: Grímólfr Skúlison -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(FIeldless) In saltire a garden rose slipped and leaved and a rapier Or and overall a wolf's head couped sable.

Consulting herald: Llewellyn Walsh


9: Katherine Meade -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1992, via the East

(Fieldless) An elephant rampant bearing its back a howdah gules between and conjoined to four torteaux in cross.

Consulting herald: Mithgiladan

The submitter's first badge submission, (Fieldless) An elephant rampant argent bearing a howdah gules was returned on the November 2011 LoAR for conflict with the device of Simona dell'Amore, Sable, an elephant rampant argent. As the LoAR explained: "The motif of an elephant with a castle or tower upon its back is period, but we grant no difference between a howdah and a castle or tower, and as an elephant with such on its back was used interchangeably with an elephant unburdened, we do not grant difference for the existence (or lack thereof)."

The submitter's first resubmission (Fieldless) An elephant rampant argent bearing on its back a howdah gules between eight mullets of eight points in annulo Or, was returned on the East Kingdom's February 5, 2013 LoD for violating SENA A.3.A.2 governing fieldless badges, which explicitly states that "[a]ll the charges in these designs must touch one another to create a single self-contained design." The mullets were not touching the elephant, requiring a return.

Although this badge is intended to be fieldless, it was submitted on the form for fielded badges. Heralds, please be careful about using the correct form and making sure your submitters do as well.


10: Khazariyya al-Sa'ima Sitt al-Gharb -New Name & New Device

Khazariyya al-Sa'ima Sitt al-Gharb

Sable, on a pale purpure fimbriated between two winged monkeys rampant a crescent and a broom Or.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

Consulting herald: Llewellyn Walsh

Khazariyya is a female given name meaning "the Turkish woman" found in "Jewish Women's Names in an Arab Context: Names from the Geniza of Cairo" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/geniza.html).

al-Sa'ima is a female byname with no meaning or derivation given, found in "Andalusian Names: Arabs in Spain" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/andalusia.html).

Sitt al-Gharb is a female given name meaning "mistress of the West" found in "Jewish Women's Names in an Arab Context: Names from the Geniza of Cairo" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/geniza.html).

No documentation was provided for the naming pattern [given name] + {byname] + [given name] in Arabic names. Nor is such a pattern supported by the articles in Appendix A of SENA. Neither unmarked matronymics nor double given names are found in Arabic.

Unless commenters can supply evidence to justify the pattern of the name, this name will have be returned (or unless the submitter consents to changes such as the use of a marked patronymic or dropping an element).

Correction (2013-Jul-14 16:07:41): The submitter has requested a change to Sitt al-Gharb ha-nigret Khazariyya, a pattern found in by "Jewish Women's Names in an Arab Context: Names from the Geniza of Cairo" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/geniza.html).


11: Lions End, Canton of -New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 1988, via the East

Billet Pursuivant

No major changes.
Meaning (the 'billet' heraldic charge) most important.

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe

SENA NPN 1.B.4 states that Pursuivant is one of the standard titles for local branches.

"Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" by Juliana de Luna (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/heraldic_titles_by_type.shtml#CHARGES) lists heraldic titles named after heraldic charges as the second most common pattern in England and the third most common pattern in France.

A billet is a common heraldic charge. Parker's A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry lists it as "Billet, (fr. billette): a small oblong figure." The PicDic states: "billets are also found in period armory as distinct, single charges; such usage dates frmo c. 1295 in the arms of Gacelin."


12: Lions End, Canton of -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 1988, via the East

(Fieldless) In pale a bicorporate lion conjoined to a billet fesswise Or.

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe


13: Lucien de Pontivy -New Household Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Academy of Saint Gregory with the Dove

Academy is a household designator that may be used in household names registered to individuals. [Galen Storm, 08/2002, A-Atlantia]

This Household Name uses the pattern of naming a group after a saint plus a thing, found primarily in the names of military societies/orders. "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/order/new/) gives the example of the Society of Saint George with the Pelican founded by Ludwig IV von Wittelsbach, duke of Upper Bavaria and Elector-Count Palatine of Franconia or the Rhine, in 1444. The order's name was recorded in period as:

Gesellschaft mit dem Pelikan 'Society with the Pelican' 1444 German;

Gesellschaft St. Georges mit dem Pelikan 'Society of Saint George with the Pelican' 1444 German

Gesellschaft St. Jörgens mit dem Pelikan 'Society of Saint George with the Pelican' 1444 German

Alternatively, this name follows the pattern of inn names based on references to religious stories found in "English Sign Names From 17th Century Tradesman's Tokens" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Tokens/Religious.shtml). A dove is the special emblem of Saint Gregory and frequently appears in medieval art depicting the saint based on the following well-known story:

A dove is his special emblem, in allusion to the well-known story recorded by Peter the Deacon (Vita, xxviii), who tells that when the pope was dictating his homilies on Ezechiel a veil was drawn between his secretary and himself. As, however, the pope remained silent for long periods at a time, the servant made a hole in the curtain and, looking through, beheld a dove seated upon Gregory's head with its beak between his lips. When the dove withdrew its beak the holy pontiff spoke and the secretary took down his words; but when he became silent the servant again applied his eye to the hole and saw the dove had replaced its beak between his lips.

(http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06780a.htm).

Examples of the dove dictating to Pope Gregory in medieval artwork can be found in the Antiphonary of Hartker of the monastery of Saint Gall (Cod. Sang. 390, p. 13) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gregory_I_-_Antiphonary_of_Hartker_of_Sankt_Gallen.jpg) and in a 9th cen. manuscript (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Registrum_gregorii,_san_gregorio_magno_ispirato_dalla_colomba,_983 _miniatura,_treviri_stadtbiblithek,_19,8x27_cm.jpg)

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=449/2013-06-17/01-09-47_489px-Gregory_I_-_Antiphonary_of_Hartker_of_Sankt_Gallen.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=449/2013-06-17/01-09-47_441px-Registrum_gregorii,_san_gregorio_magno_ispirato_dalla_colomba,_983_miniatura,_treviri_stadtbiblithek,_19,8x27_cm.jpg


14: Murdoch Macrae -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Erik Loren Elcara

Murdoch appears as a male given name in "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/murdoch.html), with the submitted spelling dated to 1599.

Macrae is a header form in Black p. 560, with the dated forms Macraith (1202), M'Rey (1376), McRay (1476) and Mackcrae (1650). James Macray of Pardowis appears in a Scots language document dated 19 May 1584 in the Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707 (http://www.rps.ac.uk/). "Publications of the Scottish History Society" (T. and A. Constable, 1917) at p. 639 has an excerpt of a Scots language document dated to 1646 containing the name Robert Mackrae. (http://books.google.com/books?id=wAEdAAAAMAAJ).


15: Nyfain merch Coel -New Name & New Device

Per pale vert and sable, a greyhound sejant affronty argent and in chief two oak leaves Or.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Abdullah ibn Harun

No documentation summary was provided, although a copy of "Names of Women of the Brythonic North in the 5-7th Centuries," by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/brythonic/) was attached.

Precedent states that Nyfain is not registerable:

Submitted as Nyfain of Brigantia, the submitter requested a name authentic for 6th century Britain. The name Nyfain is a standard modern form of a name found in the 6th C. The bearer of this name is found in genealogies written between the 10th through the 14th C. The name is not a saint's name. Early names found in later genealogies that are not saint's names are not registerable in standard modern (or standard later medieval) forms unless documentation is provided that the name was in use when such a spelling would be appropriate. Barring documentation that this name was in use in later period, the form Nyfain is not registerable. [Nemania Brigans, LoAR 05/2007, An Tir-A]

(emphasis added) The article by Tangwystl included with the submission pre-dates the 2007 ruling cited above.

No documentation was provided for the patronymic merch Coel.

No black and white line drawing was provided.


16: Scolario Roverino -New Name & New Device

Argent, two keys in saltire, wards to chief, gules.

No major changes.

Consulting herald: Abdullah ibn Harun al-Qurtubi

Scolario is a vernacular male given name based on the Latinized Scolarius found in Juliana de Lunda's "Masculine Names from Thirteenth Century Pisa" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/pisa/pisa-given-alpha.html).

Roverino - quoting directly from the form "Nicolao Roverino appears in Genoa (Republic), Les douanes de Genes, John Day. (Paris: SEVPEN 1963)." No copy of this source was provided; no page number was cited.


17: Simeon ben Iuçef de Alcaçar -New Name & New Device

Vary sable, argent, gules and Or, on a pale sable three towers Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Language (Sefardic Jewish) most important.
Culture (Sefardic Jewish) most important.

Consulting herald: Simeon ben Iuçef de Alcaçar

Simeon appears s.n. Simon in "Jewish Given Names Found in Les Noms Des Israélites en France" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/jewish/levy/simon.html). Simeon is dated to the 10th and 11th centuries.

Iucef is a masculine given name appearing in "A sample of Jewish names in Valencia 1293-1485," by Yehoshua ben Haim haYerushalmi (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/yehoshua/names_in_valencia.html) dated to 1293-1300.

de Alaçar is a locative byname appearing in "Late-Period Spanish Men's Names from Seville," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/spanish/silversmiths.html) dated to 1540.


18: Simeon ben Iuçef de Alcaçar -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) An open book Or transfixed by an arrow fesswise sable.

Consulting herald: Simeon ben Iuçef de Alcaçar

The required black and white copy of the badge was not provided.



OSCAR counts 6 Names, 2 Household Names, 2 Order Names, 1 Heraldic Title, 7 Devices and 6 Badges. There are a total of 24 items submitted on this letter.

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