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East ILoI dated 2013-06-06

Greetings one and all:

This letter contains a little more than half of the submissions received by Eastern Crown during the month of May. Due to some unforeseen issues, I am issuing two June letters. Expect to see the second letter in a few days.

Commentary on this letter closes on July 6, 2013. As always your commentary is greatly appreciated and very helpful.

Alys Eastern Crown

1: Anlon Find mac Robartaigh -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2002, via Æthelmearc

(Fieldless) Three chevronels couped and braced azure.

This is a resubmission. The identical design was pended for a redraw on the East's 15 September 2012 LoD to address the following issue identified by commenters:

The badge as drawn couped the outer edge of the chevronels along the edge of the fieldless badge form. Commenters uniformly advised that the badge should be redrawn to depict all three chevrons in full. Eastern Crown will arrange for a re-draw to address this issue.

The redraw addresses the problems with the original submission.


2: Arnbiǫrg Njálsdóttir -New Name & New Device

Purpure, on a bend engrailed between two axes bendwise argent an arrow inverted purpure.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for Viking Age Sweden.
Sound (Arn-byorg Nyals-dottir) most important.

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe

Arnbiǫrg is a female given name found in "Viking Names found in the Landnámabók," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html).

The same name, spelled Arnbjǫrg, is also found at p. 7 in Geirr Bassi. The submitter prefers whichever spelling is more authentic for Viking Age Sweden.

Njálsdóttir - Geirr Bassi p. 13 lists Njáll as a masculine given name of Celtic origin. According to p. 17 of Geirr Bassi on the formation of patronymics, the proper genitive form of Njáll is Njáls, yielding Njálsdóttir.


3: Aurelia di Giovanni Bedic -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Aurelia is the subject of Academy of St. Gabriel Report 3230, which states:

There are two 16th century Italian women writers, <Aurelia Petrucci> and <Aurelia Roverella>. [3] We also found a woman from Palermo named <Aurelia> who was baptised sometime between 1561 and 1563 [4], and in a book from the end of the 16th century/beginning of the 17th century we find <Aurelia Litta> and <Aurelia Serbellona>.[5]

The cited footnotes are:

[3] Ockerbloom, Mary Mark, ed., "A Celebration of Women Writers: Writers from Italy" (WWW: University of Pennsylvania, no date) http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/_generate/ITALY.html

[4] Lyneya Fairbowe, unpublished research based on a baptismal register from Palermo 1561-3 that is available from the research library of the Church of the Latter Day Saints.

[5] "Cesare Negri's Le Gratie d'Amore / Nuove Inventioni Di Balli (1602/1604)" (WWW: Gregory Blount of Isenfir). http://www.pbm.com/~lindahl/negri/

http://www.pbm.com/~lindahl/negri/transcription/0006.clean.html

Giovanni is a male given name found in "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html). di Giovanni follows the standard pattern for forming Italian patronymics set out in Appendix A of SENA.

Appendix A of SENA states that the pattern [given] + [patronymic] + [family name] is found in Italian, and that "patronymic bynames in these patterns are generally marked with di."

Bedic is the submitter's legal surname, as confirmed by Yehuda Elmet and Alys Eastern Crown. She is using it in the position of the family name in the naming pattern; this should be well within the scope of the Legal Name Allowance.

The submitter would like the family name Bedicci or Bedici if it can be documented.


4: Avonmore, Shire of -New Branch Name & New Device

Per chevron inverted purpure and sable, in pale a lighthouse and a laurel wreath Or.

No changes.

Consulting herald: Esperanza Razzolini d'Asolo

The Shire's name is based on the name of a river in Ireland, recorded in the Annals of the Four Masters in entry dated 1578 in Gaelic as Abhainn Mhóir, translated into English as Avonmore:

M1578.7: O Ceallacháin do bhathadh i n-Abhainn Mhóir . . . (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/G100005E/index.html).

M1578.7: O'Callaghan, i.e. Callaghan, the son of Conor, son of Donough, son of Teige Roe, was drowned in the River Avonmore . . . (http://www.ucc.ie/celt/online/T100005E.html).

SENA NPN 1.C.2.c on the Lingua Anglica rule in non-personal names states:

c. Lingua Anglica Allowance: We also allow the registration of translations of attested and constructed household names, heraldic titles, and order names into standard modern English, which we call the lingua Anglica rule. We allow this because the meanings of these names would have been clear to the speakers of these languages, but may be unclear to modern speakers. The translation must be a literal, plausible and complete translation. Under no circumstances will translations of the meanings of given names or placenames be registerable under this rule.

Note that SENA does not expressly allow for the Lingua Anglica forms of branch names. Please discuss.


5: Bhakail, Barony of -New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 1974,

Order of the Pasguarde

Gules, issuant from a demi-sun sinister Or, an armored human arm embowed argent maintaining a sword proper.

Consulting herald: Ian Raven of Tadcaster

This order name follows the pattern of naming orders after objects or heraldic charges found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

A pasguarde is a plate reinforcement for the left elbow used in jousting, discussed in "A Record of European Armour and Arms Through Seven Centuries" by Guy Francis Laking (1921) (http://www.archive.org/stream/recordofeuropean04lakiuoft/recordofeuropean04lakiuoft_djvu.txt).


6: Bhakail, Barony of -New Order Name & New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 1974,

Order of the Eft

Vert, in pale a lotus blossom in profile and a natural salamander tergiant Or.

Consulting herald: Ian Raven of Tadcaster

Evete is a Middle English term for a newt, lizard or salamander, found in the Middle English Dictionary:

c1225(OE) Wor.Aelfric Gloss.(Wor F.174) 544/8: Lacerta: evete. a1225(?c1175) PMor.(Trin-C B.14.52) 277: Þar beð naddren and snaken, eueten [vrr. euete, euethen] and fruden. a1325 Gloss.Bibbesw.(Cmb Gg.1.1) 531: Crapaude e lezart [glossed: tode..hevete]. a1350 SLeg.Patr.(Ashm 43) 12: No foul worm in Irlond..bbote alute schort euete; & 3ut heo is tailes. (a1387) Trev. Higd.(StJ-C H.1) 1.335: Enettes [read: Euettes; L lacertas]. (a1398) * Trev. Barth.(Add 27944) 59a/a: Þe kynde of euetis [genus lacertarum]. (a1398) * Trev. Barth.(Add 27944) 268b/b: Þe tail of þe serpent groweþ eft if it is y kutte a way as þe tayl of an euete. (a1398) * Trev. Barth.(Add 27944) 297b/a: Salamandra is a manere kynde of ewte ouþer of leesarde and is a pestilence beste and most venemous. (a1398) * Trev. Barth.(Add 27944) 297b/b: Þe lusard is a manere kynde of euete and crepeþ and is foure footed and cloue foted. (a1398) * Trev. Barth.(Add 27944) 324b/b: Evete eiren beþ liche to serpentes eiren. c1400(?a1300) *KAlex.(LdMisc 622) 6110: Eueten, snaken & paddes brood. ?a1425(c1400) Mandev.(1) (Tit C.16) 40/22: In þat abbeye ne entreth not no flye, ne todes, ne ewtes. (1440) PParv.(Hrl 221) 355: Newte or ewte, wyrme: Lacertus.

The Barony believes that eft is the Lingua Anglica form of evete and therefore registerable.


7: Bhakail, Barony of -New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 1974,

Order of the Tear of Bhakail

(Fieldless) On a goutte de larmes, a natural salamander tergiant Or

Consulting herald: Ian Raven of Tadcaster

No documentation was supplied for this Order name. Diademe, however, was able to supply a starting point:

Bhakail, Barony of was registered in July of 1974.

The term "goutty de larmes" (goutty azure), representing tears, appears in Parker, A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry (http://karlwilcox.com/parker/?page_id=1721).

The OED entry on "goutte" has the following definition:

A small drop-shaped figure (of specified tincture), used as a charge". The first dated instance is a1400 Morte Arth. 3759: "That bare of gowles fulle gaye, with gowces (?read gowtes) of syluere.

One of the definitions of "gout" is the following:

A drop of liquid, esp. of blood. In the later use, after Shakspere, it tends to mean: A large splash or clot." An example is 1503 Art Good Living & Dying X iiij: "The ewyl rich the qwich may not haue 3yt oon gowt of Watyr..."

In the OED under "tear", we have a number of meanings relating to drops of liquid. Some examples:

a1340 Hampole Psalter cxxv: 6 Þa þat dos goed werkis in terys of penaunce.

1388 Wyclif Ps. cxxv[i] 5 Thei that sowen in teeris: schulen repe in ful out ioiyng.

1560 Daus tr. Sleidane's Comm. 18 The people...are all in teares and mournyng.

1637 Milton Lycidas 14 He must not flote upon his watry bear...WIthout the meed of som melodious tear.

The French term "larmes" is also found in period: for example, in the title of the book _Les larmes de S. Pierre et autres vers sur la Passion..._ (The tears of St. Peter and other verses on the Passion) by Robert Estienne. A 1606 edition can be seen at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k5543092g/f2.image.

Based on the above, one could argue that "tear" is just a lingua anglica form of either the Middle English gowt(e) or the French "larme". The College sometimes use synonyms in blazon for the purposes of a cant - a synonym could be used for a hypothetical award/inn-sign name based on such a charge.


8: Black Icorndall, Canton of -New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2010, via the East

Black Squirrel Pursuivant

Consulting herald: Martyn de Haliwell

This heraldic title follows the pattern of [color] + [charge] found in "Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" by Juliana de Luna (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/heraldic_titles_by_type.shtml#CHARGES), which gives the examples of:

Blanc Sanglier Pursuivant

Blanch Lyon Pursuivant

Blanch Lyverer Pursuivant

Blanche Rose Pursuivant

Although it is not required, a petition of support from the Canton was included for this heraldic title.


9: Black Icorndall, Canton of -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2010, via the East

(Fieldless) A squirrel sejant erect maintaining an acorn sable.

Consulting herald: Martyn de Haliwell

The submitted badge is intended for use as the Canton populace badge. Although it is not required, a petition of support from the Canton was included for this populace badge.


10: Conall Ó Ceallaigh -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) On a Celtic cross azure a wolf rampant argent.

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe

This badge is a resubmission of the badge of Conall mac Muirnigh, (Fieldless) a wolf rampant regardant argent charged with a Celtic cross gules, which appeared on the Feb. 21, 2013 Eastern LoI but was withdrawn by the submitter.


11: Constança Navarra -New Name & New Device

Per pall Or, sable and argent, a bunch of grapes leaved proper, a gray wolf sejant ululant and a chalice sable.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.

Consulting herald: Cormac macEamon

Constança is a Spanish female given name found in "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/isabella/WomensGivenAlpha.html).

Navarra is an unmarked byname believed to mean "of Navarre" or "from Navarre" found s.n. Cristina in "16th Century Spanish Names" by Elspeth Ann Roth (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/spanish/fem-given-alpha.html). Cristina Navarra is dated to 1574. The submitter prefers Navarra over the marked locative de Navarra.

Consulting herald: Cormac macEamon

Eastern Crown received a single copy of the device form, which I have scanned precisely as submitted. The Eastern Crown Herald website specifies the number and type of armory forms required. It also clearly states: "Your submission must obey the Rules for Submission and other applicable Laurel and Brigantia policies in order to be accepted; failure to do so can cause your submission to be returned. This means that, among other requirements, the official forms must be completed, all necessary documentation must be included, and an adequate number of copies of both the form and the documentation must be made."

I ordinarily would be willing to accommodate a paperwork mistake. However, this device is not registerable as submitted. This device violates SENA A.3.D.2.a, which states "a charge group with more than two types of charges is not allowed." This device contains three different types of charges in the primary charge group: (1) the grapes; (2) the chalice; and (3) the wolf.

Unless someone can document an Individually Attested Pattern to support this design during commentary, the device will be returned.

Correction (2013-Jun-12 08:06:56): This submitter has withdrawn this device and will be resubmitting as "Per pale argent and sable, a chalice and a wolf ululant counterchanged and on a chief Or a bunch of grapes leaved proper"


12: East, Kingdom of the -New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Blue Talbot Herald

This heraldic title is intended to be used by a Deputy to the Brigantia Herald's Office. SENA NPN 1.B.4 states that the standard heraldic designators for heraldic titles for Kingdoms are Herald and Pursuivant.

Evidence of titles named in the pattern [color] + [charge] is found in "Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" by Juliana de Luna (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/heraldic_titles_by_type.shtml#ENGLISH_CHARGES).

The spelling blue for the color is found in the Middle English Dictionary s.n. bleu dated to 1455: "(1455) Acc.St.Ewen in BGAS 15 149: A part of a blue chesyple."

The spelling talbot referring to a dog is found in in the Middle English Dictionary s.n. talbot dated to c. 1460: "c1460 Of alle mennys (Dub 432) 33: Talbot ontrewe was þe oon dogges name, Bauling bewmond anodre..þe thrid..was called bolde egremonde." The use of a talbot as a heraldic charge is found in Parker's A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry s.n. dog: "Azure, a talbot seiant within a bordure engrailed azure--Simon SUDBURY, Bp. of London, 1362; afterwards Abp. of Cant., 1375-81."


13: East, Kingdom of the -New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Chamfron Herald

This title is intended to be used by a Deputy to the Brigantia Herald's office. SENA NPN 1.B.4 states that the standard heraldic designators for heraldic titles for Kingdoms are Herald and Pursuivant.

"Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" by Juliana de Luna (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/) provides evidence of heraldic titles based on heraldic charges.

A chamfron is a piece of equestrian armor and has been used as a heraldic charge. The Middle English Dictionary s.n. percer(e) dates this spelling to 1467: "(1467) Doc.in Bentley Excerpta Hist. 209: Lorde Scales..rode streight and light before the Kyng and made take of his trapper, shewyng that his hors had no chamfron nor peser [read: perser] of steele."

SENA NPN 3.C states "The Order of the Whistle does not conflict with the Order of the Whistle of Drachenwald, because the substantive elements being compared are Whistle and Whistle of Drachenwald." Therefore, Chamfron Herald should not conflict with the Order of the Chamfron of Caid (June 2009 via Caid).


14: East, Kingdom of the -New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Jogelour Herald

This title is intended to be used by a Deputy to the Brigantia Herald's office in charge of tournament-related heraldic display.

SENA NPN 1.B.4 states that the standard heraldic designators for heraldic titles for Kingdoms are Herald and Pursuivant.

"Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" by Juliana de Luna (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/) provides evidence of heraldic titles based on surnames.

Jogelour is a surname dated to 1348 in the Middle English Dictionary s.n. jogelour (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/med/med_ent_search.html).


15: Elisabetta Lucia Portinari -New Name & New Device

Gules, a rose argent barbed and seeded proper and on a chief invected argent three arches sable.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for 15th-16th cen. Italy.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

The submitter is willing to drop the "Lucia" if necessary for authenticity.

Elisabetta is a female given name recorded before 1600 found in "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice," by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html).

Lucia appears as a female given name recorded before 1600 in Juliana's article, as well as in "Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427," by Arval Benicoeur (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/catasto/#alpha.

Portinari is a family name found 116 times in "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532," edited by David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, and Anthony Molho (http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/SURNAM1.html) and also once in "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Catasto of 1427," edited by David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, and Anthony Molho (http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/catasto/newsearch/family_names.html).


16: Elisabetta Lucia Portinari -New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) A rose argent barbed and seeded proper within and conjoined to an arch sable.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

The submitter's name and device appear elsewhere on this letter.


17: Ellen Hughes -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2009, via the East

(Fieldless) Within and conjoined to an annulet azure, three holly leaves conjoined in pall inverted vert fructed gules.

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe

The motif of "three holly leaves conjoined in pall inverted vert fructed gules" is grandfathered to the submitter because it is part of her registered device (Feb. 2009, East): Azure, on a pale between two domestic cats combatant argent, three holly leaves conjoined in pall inverted vert fructed gules.


18: Geneviève Lucrezia Bonaventuri D'Este -New Name & New Device

Geneviève Lucrezia Bonaventuri D'Este

Purpure, an eagle displayed argent beak and feet Or and on a chief Or a lion passant purpure between two roses gules.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (French-Italian) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich and Yehuda ben Moshe

French and Italian can be combined under Appendix C of SENA as long as the name elements are within 300 years of each other.

Genevieve is found s.n. Geneviève in "Late Period French Feminine Names" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/latefrench.html) dated to 1477, 1478, 1498, 1501, 1524, 1537 (2), 1552, 1553, 1564, 1585, 1586, 1588, 1608, 1619. The submitter would very much like the accent grave over the next to last 'e' if that can be documented to period.

Lucrezia appears as a female given name in "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html).

Bonaventuri is a family name found in "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532," edited by David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, and Anthony Molho (http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/SURNAM1.html). The submitter would prefer the spelling Bonaventure if it can be documented in Italian or French.

D'Este is a locative byname meaning "from Este" found in "Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names," by Arval Benicoeur and Talan Gwynek (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/venice14sur.html#table).

According to Appendix A of SENA, double given names are found in both French and Italian. In addition, both French and Italian use the pattern [given name] + [byname/family name] + [locative].


19: Havre de Glace, Barony of -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2002, via the East

Azure, on a lily argent seeded Or between a chief embattled and a ford proper

This is a resubmission that was pended for a redrawing on the 15 May 2013 East Kingdom LoD. Please discuss whether this redrawing makes the chief sufficiently large.

The Barony submitted this badge under the name Havre des Glaces; this is not the Barony's registered name. I have correct the forms to the registered name, Havre de Glace.


20: Katerina de Faie -New Name & New Device

Azure, a catamount passant argent, on a chief Or three roses azure.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound ('cat' and 'fay') most important.

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe

Katerina is a feminine given name dated to 1560-65 in "Names and Naming Practices in the Fitzwilliam Accounts from 16th century Ireland" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/lateirish/fitzwilliam.html)

de Faie is an Anglicized Irish surname found as an italicized 16th or early 17th cen. form in Woulfe p. 257 s.n. de Fae.


21: Liesl Lüder -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1996, via the East

Counter-ermine, on a chevron argent three roses proper

This is a resubmission under SENA of an identical device that was returned on the 10/2011 LoAR with the following comment:

Liesl Lüder. Device. Counter-ermine, on a chevron argent three roses proper.

Unfortunately, this lovely device is returned for conflict with the device of Fiona Clare O Doinn, reblazoned elsewhere on this letter as Counter-ermine, on a chevron gules a poppy affronty argent between two poppies affronty Or. There is a CD for the change in tincture of the chevron, but no CD for the change in tincture only of the tertiary charges, as poppies affronty are not significantly different from roses.

It should be noted that under the proposed new rules, this would not be a conflict.

Under SENA there are now two DCs from Fiona's device -- one for the tincture of the chevron and another for the tincture of the tertiary roses.


22: Mongu Chinua -New Name & New Device

Purpure, in pale two wolves statant and on a chief argent three sheaves of arrows sable.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Language (Mongol) most important.
Culture (Mongol) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Mongu appears in "Mongolian Naming Practices" by Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongolian_names_marta.html) as a variant of Mongke, with the meaning "silver."

Chinua appears in "Documentation and Construction of Period Mongolian Names" by Baras-aghur Naran (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongol.html) as a name element meaning "wolf."


23: Stoldo Venturini -New Name & New Device

Per bend rayonny argent and gules, three grenades gules and a tower argent enflamed Or, on a chief gules a double-headed phoenix displayed Or.

Client requests authenticity for 15th-16th cen. Italy.
Sound (similar to 'Taldo') most important.
Spelling (last name beginning with V) most important.

Consulting herald: Martyn de Halliwell

Stoldo is a masculine given name found in Catasto of Florence (1427), summarized in "Italian Renaissance Men's Names," by Ferrante LaVolpe (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto/names.txt).

Venturini is a family name appearing in "Names in 15th Century Florence and her Dominions: the Condado," by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/familyalpha.html), which also uses data from the 1427 Catasto.

Consulting herald: Martyn de Haliwell


24: Taldo Venturini -New Name & New Device

Per bend sinister wavy argent and gules, a hammer bendwise and a crescent counterchanged, on a chief gules a double-headed phoenix displayed Or.

Client requests authenticity for 15th-16th cen. Italy..
Sound (similar to 'Stoldo') most important.
Spelling (last name begins with V) most important.

Consulting herald: Martyn de Halliwell

Taldo is a masculine given name found "Names in 15th Century Florence and her Dominions: the Condado," by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/mensalpha.html).

Venturini is a family name appearing in the same article. (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/familyalpha.html).

Consulting herald: Martyn de Haliwell


25: Valentina Amore -New Name & New Device

Per pale argent and gules, a three-towered castle counterchanged and on a chief Or three hearts gules.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.

Consulting herald: Martyn de Halliwell

Valentina is a female given name found in "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html) as the name of a Venetian woman recorded before 1600.

Amore is an Italian surname found in "1800 Surnames Recorded in 1447" by N.F. Faraglia (http://www.abruzzoheritage.com/magazine/2002_06/d.htm).



OSCAR counts 10 Names, 3 Order Names, 1 Branch Name, 4 Heraldic Titles, 12 Devices and 8 Badges. There are a total of 38 items submitted on this letter.

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