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East ILoI dated 2013-02-17

Greetings heralds!

This letter contains submissions received in part of December, January and part of February. We are finally caught up from Pennsic. Thank you for your patience with the delay of this letter. The next ILoI will be released on or about March 1, 2013.

Commentary closes on this letter on March 17, 2013. This letter also will be discussed in the Eastern Crown Road Show at Noisemakers on March 9th.

I have been greatly pleased with the commentary from everyone. Keep up the good work!

Please note the continuing issue with the appearance of greens, which Eastern Crown's and Blue Tyger's scanners tend to render as teals. All items are colored with Crayola or Rose Art green markers unless otherwise specifically indicated.

Alys Eastern Crown

1: Athos Phulax -New Name & New Device

Gules, a closed hand sustaining a clutch of two lightningbolts Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (bodyguard - if possible 'arrow-catcher') most important.

Consulting heralds: Ursula Georges (name) and Eldrich Gaiman (device)

Athos, spelled Alpha-theta-omega-sigma, appears once in the LGPN, in Volume 4 (http://www.lgpn.ox.ac.uk/database/lgpn.php). It can be found by searching for a name beginning aqw in Symbol font.

Phulax appears in Liddell and Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon s.v. phulax for the word (http://artflx.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.80:3:110.LSJ.672131) with the meaning "watcher, guard, sentinel" in the classical period, beginning with Homer.


2: Berric Grayveson -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2007, via the East

(Fieldless) A brazier sable.

Consulting herald: Berric Grayveson

Berric's original badge submission, (Fieldless) A lantern sable, was returned on the July 2012 Eastern Letter of Decision due to a conflict with with Thomas Ouswood (Feb. 2011, Æthelmearc), (Fieldless) A lantern sable, candle enflamed vert. This is a complete redesign.

Berric has a device and one badge already registered to him.


3: Bryn ab Alan -New Name

No major changes.

Consulting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe

Bryn is the submitter's legal given name, based upon the photocopy of a MA driver's license provided. Bryn should not be intrusively modern as it could be constructed from a 16th century English surname used as a given name. Bardsley s.n. Brine lists Thomas Bryn of Kilranny dated to 1586.

ab appears as a patronymic marker in "A Simple Guide to Constructing 13th-Century Welsh Names" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/welsh13.html), which states that the common convention is to use ab before father's names beginning in vowels.

Alan is based on the Latinized Alanus dated to 1071-75 through 1284 in Withycombe s.n. Al(l)an.


4: Cristina la Zingara -Resub Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2012, via Meridies

Shimazu Akane

No major changes.
Sound (unspecified) most important.
Language (Japanese) most important.
Culture (Japanese) most important.
Meaning (red/fire) most important.

Consulting herald: none listed

This is a resubmission of a return by Laurel (via Meridies) on the October 2012 LoAR:

Cristina la Zingara. Alternate name Shimazu Akane.

Akane was documented as a period word for the madder plant. However, no evidence was presented for the use of dye plants or other similar kinds of plants to create given names in period Japan. Barring that evidence, this name cannot be registered.

The submitter has attempted to address this issue by adding documentation for a feminine given name based on a dye plant.

Shimazu is found in "Name Construction in Medieval Japan" by Solveig Throndardottir on p. 33 s.n. Shi, as a Historical Surname dated to 1332. The submitter also provided copies of the Wikipedia entry on the Shimazu clan, which indicates that the clan founder, Shimazu Tadahisa, "went to Satsuma in 1196, subdued the Hyuga and Osumi provinces, and built a castle in the domain of Shimazu (Hyuga) which name he also adopted)." (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shimazu_clan)

Akane is intended by the submitter as a given name meaning "red root." The Japanese word akane refers to the Japanese madder plant, which was used for dyeing. "Kosode: 16th-19th Century Textiles from the Nomura Collection" (ISBN 0-913304-18-2) on p. 215 states that a recipe for dyeing with akane can be found in the Engi shiki a Japanese book of laws and regulations published in 927 A.D. A web article from Japan for Sustainability provided by the submitter states that the 7-8th cen. Japanese poetry collection Manyoshu sings the praises of akane (either the plant of the dye). The submitter was only able to find a copy of the Manyoshu in Japanese, which Eastern Crown is unable to read.

There is evidence that Japanese women were named after plants. Academy of St. Gabriel Report 3001 lists Murasaki as a female given name in use 1336-1573. Murasaki is both the name of a plant and the name of the dye color produced from the plant. Like akane, the murasaki plant or dye is mentioned in the Manyoshu poetry collection.

The given name Akane may also be registerable as a constructed name using the elements aka and ne, both of which are found in NCMJ. Akame which appears in NCMJ at p. 182 dated to 784. NCMJ lists the ne element under "Plants - Root/Base" in the name Neme dated to 784.

If Akane is not registerable, the submitter requests that the given name be changed to Akame.


5: Donovan Shinnock -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2004, via the East

(Fieldless) A fox's mask gules charged with a mascle argent

Consulting herald: Donovan Shinnock

This is a resubission of a badge pended on the July 2012 East Kingdom LoD:

(Fieldless) A fox's mask gules

Unfortunately, this badge conflicts with Haakon Thorgilsson, Per fess indented argent and vert, in chief a fox's mask gules, with only a single CD or DC for fieldlessness vs. the field. It also conflicts with the badge of the British 10th Armoured Division, Sable, a fox's mask gules marked sable. Commenters suggested that the British 10th Armored Division badge may no long qualify for protection because the Division has been disbanded. However, that call must be made by Wreath and Laurel, rather than at Kingdom. For the time being, this badge has been pended to allow the submitter to attempt to obtain permission to conflict from Haakon Thorgilsson. If that permission is obtained, the submitter will pursue the question of whether the British 10th Armored Division badge continues to be protected armory.

(http://ech.eastkingdom.org/ILoIs/2012/2012-06/2012-06-LoD.html).

Since no one has been able to locate Haakon Thorgilsson, the submitter has opted to withdraw his prior submission and re-submit with the mascle added to the fox's mask to clear both conflicts.


6: East, Kingdom of the -New Household Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Blue Tyger Legion

Legion is a household descriptor, per the March 2010 Cover Letter.

Blue Tyger Herald was registered to the Kingdom of the East in December of 1975. The name elements Blue Tyger are grandfathered to the Kingdom.

Households may be named after inn signs. The pattern of [color] + [animal] for inn signs is documented in "English Sign Names," by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/inn/#ColorAnimal), which gives the examples of (among others):

Grayhorse (2 Hen. VII )

Whyte Harte (1465)

White Hart (1465)

Whytehorse (1312)

"English Sign Names From 17th Century Tradesman's Tokens" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Tokens/ColorAnimal.shtml#BlueLion) also gives the example of "The Blue Lion" as an inn sign name.

The pattern [color] + [heraldic charge] was also used to name military orders, as set forth in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/ListingOfStandardForms.html#AllColorCharge), which gives the examples of (among others):

Black Swan (Italy)

White Greyhound (Navarre)

A tyger is a heraldic charge registered to the Kingdom of the East. The following badge was registered to the Kingdom of the East in August of 1973 (via the East) and designated as the populace badge in January of 2011 (via the East): (Fieldless) A tyger passant azure.


7: East, Kingdom of the -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Award of the Golden Lyre

This award name follows the pattern [color] + [charge], identified in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

According to the May 2009 Cover Letter, "[o]rder names which follow the [color] + [charge] pattern must use the ordinary color term for a heraldic tincture appropriate for the language of the order name." Golden is one of the color names listed in the May 2009 Cover Letter as appropriate for English order names.

A lyre is a heraldic charge appearing in the Pic Dic, with the image at p. 484 of the 2nd edition.


8: East, Kingdom of the -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Order of Artemis

This order name follows the pattern of Orders named after a saint, identified in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/). The August 2005 Cover Letter permits registration of Order names based on pagan deities and saints as a variation on this pattern. However, "[s]uch a name is a step from period practice, because we have no examples of such entities named for non-Christian deities and saints."

Artemis, in Greek mythology, was the goddess of wild animals, the hunt, and vegetation, and of chastity and childbirth; she was identified by the Romans with Diana. "Artemis". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2013. (http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/36796/Artemis).


9: Else von Oberfranken -New Name & New Device

Vert, three pine trees couped Or and a chief lozengy Or and vert.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

Consulting herald: Harold von Auerbach

Else is a female given name found s.n. Elisabeth dated to 1374 in "Medieval German Names from Silesia" by Talan Gwynek ( http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/bahlow_v.htm).

Oberfranken appears in the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica as the name of a "stem-duchy" of medieval Germany that stretched along the Rhine Valley to Bohemia. Assistance is requested documenting the submitted form as a German place name.


10: Eoghan mac Diarmada Uí Néill -New Name & New Device

Argent, a fleur-de-lys gules between in chief three crescents and a base wavy azure

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Consulting herald: none listed

This name follows the pattern of given name + patronymic + clan affiliation byname found in Effric Neyn Ken3ocht Mcherrald, "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/) and cited in Appendix A of SENA.

Eoghan is the Early Modern Gaelic form of a masculine given name found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Eogan.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1340, 1447, 1453, 1456, 1460, 1466, 1467, 1485, 1486, 1496, 1502, 1510, 1511, 1515, 1519, 1542, 1529, 1537, 1545, 1560, 1561, 1567, 1580, 1581, 1586, 1590.

Diarmada is the Early Modern Gaelic genitive form of the masculine given name Diarmaid found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Diarmait.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1202, 1263, 1313, 1325, 1336, 1341, 1455, 1464, 1474, 1475, 1488, 1506, 1510, 1564, 1582, 1585.

Néill is the Earely Modern Gaelic genitive form of the masculine given name Niall, found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Niall.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1201, 1261, 1303, 1314, 1336, 1461, 1467, 1484, 1493, 1497, 1497, 1498, 1501, 1508, 1516, 1531, 1545, 1596, 1603, 1611. According to Effrick's "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names," the clan ancestor's name in a clan affiliation byname always must be lenited. However, 'N' lenites to 'N' according to "The Spelling of Lenited Consonants in Gaelic," by Effric Neyn Ken3ocht Mcherrald (http://medievalscotland.org/scotlang/lenition.shtml), so no spelling change to Néill is required.

Commenters are asked to address whether this name creates an issue of relationship conflict with Dermod Uí Néill (May 1984 via the West).


11: Jean Oste de Murat -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 2012, via the East

Azure, a chevron argent between two shrimp respectant and a fleur de lis Or

Consulting herald: Godfroy de Falaise

The submitter's original device, Azure, a chevron argent between two fleurs de lys and in pale a shrimp and two swords in saltire Or, was returned on the August 2012 Eastern LoD (http://ech.eastkingdom.org/ILoIs/2012/2012-08/2012-08-LoD.html) for violating SENA A.3.D.2.a and SENA A.3.D.2.c. This re-design addresses both issues.

The shrimp were also re-drawn to match the evidence of shrimp in period armorials provided in commentary on the original device submission. The attached image is from from the 16th c. Insignia Anglica (BSB Cod.icon. 291), originally provided by Gunnvor Orle.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=449/2013-02-17/15-32-57_shrimp.JPG


12: Karin Jacobsdotter -New Name & New Device

Per bend gules and Or, in bend sinister an anvil and a domestic cat sejant contourny sable

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for 14th-16th cen. Scandinavian.
Sound most important.
Meaning (Jacob's daughter) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich (name only)

Karin appears in "Swedish Feminine Given Names from SMP," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/swedish/smp/nameindex.html) dated to 1350-1399, 1400-1449, 1450-1499 and 1500-1600.

Jacobsdotter appears at p. 24 of "Utkast til föreläsningar öfver svenska historien, Volumes 1-2" by Eric Michael Fant (http://books.google.com/books?id=5bINAQAAIAAJ&dq=Jacobsdotter&source=gbs_navlinks_s) dated to 1531.

Commenters are asked for assistance supporting an Individually Attested Pattern of a black charge on the red half of a divided field.


13: Kataryn Mercer -New Name & New Device

Per pale Or and argent, in chief in fess three pine trees couple sable

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Spelling (prefers Kataryn, will accept Kateryn if necessary) most important.

Consulting herald: Anarra Karlsdottir

Kataryn appears multiple times as a female given name dated to the reign of Henry VII of England (1509-1547) in "London chronicle during the reigns of Henry the Seventh and Henry the Eighth," edited by Clarence Hopper (http://books.google.com/books?id=lCMIAAAAIAAJ) at pp. 6, 9, 11, 15, 16, 17.

Mercer appears as a surname in Bardsley p. 527 s.n. Mercer with Thomas Mercer dated to 1379.

The submitter has permission to conflict with Katherine Mercer, registered in April of 2000 (via the Middle):

I, [legal name], known in the SCA as Katherine Mercer, grant [legal name], known in the SCA as Kataryn Mercer, permission for her name "Kataryn Mercer" to be similar to, but not identical to, my name, "Katherine Mercer." I understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once [legal name]'s name is registered.

Signed with legal name and dated 11/26/2012


14: Mabel Fortune -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2012, via the East

Vert, a bend sinister vair between two acorns Or

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich


15: Marek Casimir of Krakow -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2012, via the East

Checky sable and argent, a chief enarched Or and overall an eagle displayed gules

Consulting herald: Honour Grenehart

The submitter's original device submission was returned on the May 2012 LoAR with the following analysis:

Marek Casimir of Krakow. Device. Checky sable and argent, a chief enarched argent, overall an eagle gules.

The submitter provided two independent examples of the motif of the primary charge overlying a chief. However, one of the examples is the horns only of a bull, and may be merely artistic license; even given the benefit of the doubt, this is only two examples of the exact practice. A third example was provided by Batonvert in commentary. However, all of the examples given show a plain chief that has good contrast with the field. This submission, on the other hand, has a chief with poor contrast, as it shares a tincture with the field. Also, the line of the chief is enarched; while we grant no difference for a plain chief versus a chief enarched, the combination of low-contrast combined with the enarched line renders the chief unidentifiable when overlain by the eagle. Resubmitting with a chief Or, or a different field, would likely resolve the issue.

The submitter has followed the suggestion made on the LoAR and resubmitted with a chief Or.


16: Mari Clock van Hoorne -New Name Change & New Badge

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in June of 2013, via the East.

(Fieldless) A die Or

Old Item: Marietta da Firenze, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Spelling ('Mari') most important.

Mari is a female given name found in the Netherlands in the IGI Parish Records:

Mari Taers Female Christening 21 Feb 1576 Oude Kerk, Nederlands Hervormde Kerk, Amsterdam, Noord Holland, Netherlands Batch: C90035-1

Mari Claes Female Christening 18 Sep 1576 Oude Kerk, Nederlands Hervormde Kerk, Amsterdam, Noord Holland, Netherlands Batch: C90035-1

Mari Leorei Female Marriage 16 Jan 1594 Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands Batch: M01224-6

Mari Volckers Female Marriage 03 Apr 1580 Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands Batch: M01224-6

Clock is a byname found in "Names from Dutch Records Between 1584-1585" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/dutch/vandermeulen.html) s.n. Willem.

van Hoorne is a locative bynname also found in Aryanhwy's article s.n. Willem (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/dutch/vandermeulen.html).

Double bynames are permitted in Dutch according to Appendix A of SENA.

Commenters should note the following precedent from the October 2010 LoAR:

Marietta da Firenze. Badge. Per pale azure and gules, a die Or.

This badge is clear of the device of Tibor of Rock Valley, Vert, a delf Or. Dice and delfs are period charges; we have no evidence that they were considered interchangeable in period. Under our current standards, there is a CD between the two. Therefore, there is a CD for the changes to the field and a CD for the change of type of primary charge.

Dice in Society are usually depicted in trian aspect, but they may also be depicted as delfs with spots, as in the armory of Wurfel, from Pinches & Wood's European Armorial, p.38, among others, and are, therefore, registerable when depicted in this manner. Armory containing dice and delfs must be considered visually for conflict under section X.5 of the Rules for Submissions.

Marietta/Mari has a device and one badge already registered, so is well within her armory limit.


17: Medbh of Hawkridge -New Name & New Device

Per saltire argent and vert, in pale two blue thistles azure

Spelling (spelling of Medbh) most important.

Consulting Herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Medbh is one of the spellings appearing in the raw data s.n. Meadhbh in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Meadhbh.shtml). This particular spelling is from the Annals of Ulster in an entry describing events in 1441.

Hawkridge is the header form in Watts p. 298. Dated forms under this heading are Hauekerega (1194), Haukeregg (1195), Haweckrig (1225) and Haukridge (1610). The submitter prefers the header (modern) spelling, which is permitted by the Lingua Anglica Rule.

Early Modern Gaelic and English can be combined under Appendix C of SENA.

A "blue thistle" is a particular variation of thistle specifically requested by the submitter. An image provided by the submitter is attached. The blue thistle or Eryngium planum appears to be native to Eastern Europe, but any additional information commenters can provide is greatly appreciated.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=449/2013-02-17/15-03-18_bluethistle.jpg


18: Peter Pedrick -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2012, via the East

Sable, a tree blasted and eradicated and a bordure indented per pale argent and Or

Consulting herald: Honour Grenehart

The submitter's original device submission, Sable, a tree blasted and eradicated per pale argent and Or, was returned on the January 2012 East Kingdom LoD for conflict with Ariadne of Alyson-tara (July 1979): Sable, a tree blasted sable fimbriated argent. The bordure was added in an effort to clear the conflict.


19: Saruca bint Lazari -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound ('I like the rhythm of the name') most important.
Culture (Turkish) most important.

Consulting herald: Brita Mari Svensdottir

Both name elements and the pattern [given name] + bint + [father's name] are found in "Sixteenth Century Turkish Names" by Ursula Georges (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ursula/ottoman/)

Saruca appears as a feminine given name.

Lazari appears as a masculine given name under the heading "Other Non-Muslim Names."


20: Taran Templeton -New Name & New Device

Argent, a polypus sable and a bordure vert

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Taran appears as a 16th cen. English surname in the IGI Parish Extracts. Such surnames may be used as given names by precedent.

Joan Taran Female Marriage 28 Aug 1580 Saint Mary The Great, Cambridge, Cambridge, England Batch: M13064-1

Templeton also appears as an English surname in the IGI Parish Extracts:

James Templeton Christening 13 Nov 1621 Saint Clement Danes, Westminster, London, England Batch: C04160-5


21: Veronica Rosso -Resub Name & New Device

Per chevron inverted purpure and vert, a chevron inverted between a dragonfly and a tree blasted and couped argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Consulting herald: Marietta da Firenze

This identical name was returned on the May 2007 Eastern LoD for conflict with Veronique de la Rose (http://ech.eastkingdom.org/ILoIs/2007/2007-05/2007-05-LoD.html). The submitter asks that this conflict be re-evaluated under SENA.

Veronica is a feminine given name appearing in "Feminine Given Names from Thirteenth Century Perugia" by Arval Benicoeur (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/perugia/perugiaFemAlpha.html) and in "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice," by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html).

Rosso appears as a surname in "Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names" by Arval Benicoeur and Talan Gwynek (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/venice14sur.html).



OSCAR counts 10 Names, 1 Name Change, 1 Alternate Name, 1 Household Name, 2 Order Names, 12 Devices and 3 Badges. There are a total of 30 items submitted on this letter.

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