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East Kingdom ILoI dated 2013-01-01

Greetings heralds!

This letter contains a few submissions started at Pennsic that required further work, as well as submissions received in October, November and part of December. Commentary closes on this letter on February 1, 2013.

Please note the continuing issue with the appearance of greens, which Eastern Crown's and Blue Tyger's scanners tend to render as teals. All items are colored with Crayola or Rose Art green markers unless otherwise specifically indicated.

Alys Eastern Crown

1: Aífe ingen Chonchobair in Derthaige -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (Irish pre-1200) most important.

Consulting Herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Aífe is the Middle Irish form of a feminine given name that appears in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Aife.shtml) with Annals dates of 1166-1173, 1227. The old precedent stating that Aífe was not registerable was overturned on the May 2010 LoAR based on new evidence that the name was used in Gaelic by real people: "This name is now registerable as a feminine name used in the 11th - 13th C. The standard Middle Irish (c. 900-c. 1200) form of this name is Aífe and the standard Early Modern Irish (c. 1200 - c. 1700) form of this name is Aoife." [Aoife inghean Tuathail, 5/2010 LoAR, A-Ansteorra]

Conchobair is the genitive form of the Old and Middle Irish male given name Conchobar, found in Mari's "Index" with relevant Annals dates of 706, 760, 769, 772, 832, 935, 965, 973, 979, 1089, 1104, 1122, 1126 (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Conchobar.shtml). Because this is a feminine name, Conchobair lenites to Chonchobair according to "The Spelling of Lenited Consonants in Gaelic" by Effric Neyn Ken3ocht Mcherrald (http://medievalscotland.org/scotlang/lenition.shtml).

in Derthaige is an Old Irish descriptive byname meaning "of the Oratory" found in Mari's "Index" with relevant Annals dates of 971, 973 (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/inDerthaige.shtml).

The pattern [given name] + [father's name] + [descriptive byname] is found in Appendix A of SENA (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/sena.html#AppendixA). Also according to Appendix A, ingen is the correct patronymic marker for pre-1200 female names.

This name should be clear of Aoife inghean Uí Chonchobhair (June 2011 via Lochac) by the addition of the descriptive byname (and possibly by the difference between ingen and ingen Uí as well).


2: Aleksandra Ivanova zhena -New Name & New Device

Gules, two bends sinister wavy argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (Ivan's wife) most important.

All name elements and the structure are taken from "A Dictionary of Period Russian Names (online edition)" by Paul Wickenden of Thanet (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/)

Aleksandra is a feminine given name found s.n. Aleksandra dated to 1389 (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/a.html).

Ivan is a masculine given name found s.n. Ioann with a first appearing date of 1181-2 (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/h-j.html)

The construction Ivanova zhena meaning "Ivan's wife" is found in Wickenden's discussion of naming patterns and structure (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/zgrammar.html), in section 2 under the heading "Feminine Patronymics."


3: Ariana di Gallo -New Name & New Device

Purpure, on a saltire Or two arrows inverted in saltire sable

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for Italian, any time or region.
Sound (As little change as possible to preserve Italian usage) most important.
Language (As little change as possible to preserve Italian usage) most important.
Spelling (As little change as possible to preserve Italian usage) most important.

Submitting herald: Yehuda ben Moshe

Ariana: According to the June 2010 LoAR: "Arianna is found as a literary name in Il Petrarcha in 1574. Its use as the name of an important character who is a normal human being makes it eligible for the literary name allowance. Therefore, Arianna is registerable as an Italian given name." [Arianna di Pergula della Rosa, June 2010 LoAR, A-Atenveldt]

The September 2004 LoAR suggests that the spelling with a single 'n' is also plausible: "[T]he island of Sant'Ariano, an island in the Venetian lagoon, designates Ariano a period Italian saint's name (although it may or may not have been used as a given name, it is a valid part of the naming pool). Arval Benecoeur and Talan Gwynek, "Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names" shows Benvenuto/Benvenuta, Donato/Donata, and Francesco/Francesca. This justifies Ariana as a possible period Italian name. We have changed the name to Ariana Faust to match the available documentation...[Ariana Faust, September 2004, A-Meridies]

Given the submitter's authenticity request, barring additional evidence, Pelican will have to make a call on which is more "authentic" -- a hypothetical given name based on a saint's name or a literary name.

Gallo appears as a masculine given name in "Names in 15th Century Florence and her Dominions: the Condado," by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/mensalpha.html).

Appendix A gives di Gallo or the unmarked Gallo as the proper forms for a patronymic byname in Italian. The submitter would like the form de Gallo if it can be documented.


4: Breuse de Taraunt -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Consulting heralds: Sisterhood of St. Walburga

Breuse is a masculine given name used by a character in the Arthurian legends, including the Caxton printing of Sir Thomas Malory's "Le Morte Darthur" (http://name.umdl.umich.edu/MaloryWks2). syr Breuse saunce pyte appears throughout Books 9 and 10 of Malory as an adversary for Arthur's knights. Precedent permits the registration of "the names of significant characters from period Arthurian literature as there is a pattern of such names being used in England and France in period." [Bedivere de Byron, 06/99, A-Atlantia]

de Taraunt - R&W p. 440 s.n. Tarrant gives Taraunt as a place name dated to 1296.


5: Brunechilde de Ravenel -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2010, via the East

Azure, a fess Or cotised argent

Consulting Herald: Brunissende Dragonette

Her previous device, Argent, a lauburu azure and in chief three cinqfoils gules was returned on the May 2005 LoAR for lack of documentation that a lauburu was a period charge. [Brunihelt de Ravenel, May 2005 LoAR, East-R]. This resubmission is a complete redesign.


6: Brunissende Dragonette -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in May of 2013, via the East.

Old Item: Brunissende Dragonette de Brocéliande, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a feminine name.

Brunissende Dragonette de Brocéliande was registered in September of 2004 via the East. She wishes to drop de Brocéliande and retain only the first two name elements, which are grandfathered to her.


7: Conall mac Muirnigh -New Name & New Device

Gules, two wolves rampant regardant addorsed and on a chief argent three celtic crosses gules

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Conall is an Early Modern Irish masculine given name found in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Conall.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 1431, 1493, 1523, 1554, 1556, 1557, 1579, 1585, 1598 and 1599.

mac Muirnigh is found as the header in Woulfe p. 394, with the 16th/17th cen. Anglicized Irish forms of M'Murny, M'Morney and M'Mornie. The existence of 16th/17th cen. Anglicized Irish forms of a Gaelic name is generally sufficient to give the submitter the benefit of the doubt that the Gaelic form was also in use at that time.


8: Conall mac Muirnigh -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of February 21, 2013 as submitted.

(Fieldless) a wolf rampant regardant argent charged with a celtic cross gules

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

The name attached to this badge appears elsewhere on this letter.


9: David von Bern -New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and argent, a trident throughout counterchanged.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

David appears in Brechenmacher s.n. David(s) Davi(d)t, with this spelling of the given name dated to 1275.

von Bern appears as a surname in "German Names from Rottweil, Baden-Württemberg, 1441," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/rottweilsur.html).


10: Duggmore Dunmore -New Name & New Device

Per fess argent and vert, three owls counterchanged

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Duggmore is an early 17th cen. English surname appearing in the IGI Parish Records Extracts:

Henry Duggmore Male Marriage 28 Feb 1624 Penn, Stafford, England Batch: M01028-1

Elizabetha Duggmore Female Marriage 29 Nov 1630 Rugeley, Stafford, England Batch: M01021-5

Edward Duggmore Male Christening 25 Jun 1626 Penn, Stafford, England Batch: P01028-1

Late period English surnames can be registered as given names according to the rules set out in the September 2012 Cover Letter.

Dunmore is a late 16th/early 17th cen. English surname appearing in the IGI Parish Records Extracts:

Abraham Dunmore Male Marriage 13 May 1612 Haselor, Warwick, England Batch: M04863-1

Marie Dunmore Female Marriage 20 Nov 1609 Bourne, Lincoln, England Batch: M01178-1

Roberte Dunmore Male Marriage 12 May 1588 Bourne, Lincoln, England Batch: M01178-1


11: Ealusaid inghean Uí Phaidín -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2011, via the East

Vert, on a bend between six owls argent three mullets of five points voided and interlaced within and conjoined to annulets vert

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich


12: Eiríkr inn írski -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Culture most important.

Consulting heralds: Sisterhood of St. Walburga

Eiríkr is a masculine given name appearing in Geirr-Bassi at p. 9.

inn írski is a descriptive byname meaning "Irish" found in Geirr-Bassi at p. 23.

The consensus of the heralds at the consulting table was that this name should not conflict with Eiríkr inn danski (Nov. 2001 via Atlantia).

When advised of the possible conflict, the submitter stated that he would accept adding the element Víkinga- to his name if needed to clear the conflict. Víkinga- is a descriptive name element meaning "viking" found at p. 29 of Geirr-Bassi. Two descriptive bynames "are allowed in Old Norse names when the bynames might both have been used to describe the same person. In this case, the bynames mean 'fire' and 'eagle' respectively, and thus they can be registered together." [Fiórleif eldr ǫrn 12/2010 LoAR A-Outlands] Therefore, Víkinga-Eiríkr inn írski should be registerable, if necessary.

Correction (2013-Jan-27 18:01:56): The "culture" that is most important should be "Hiberno-Norse persona"


13: Elsker Faust von Stuotgarten -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Client requests authenticity for German.
Language (German) most important.
Culture (German) most important.

Consulting herald: Eleazar ha-Levi

Elsken is a masculine given name appearing in "15th Century Dutch Names" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/dutch/dutch15.html) dated 1478-81.

Faust appears as a surname in "16th-17th Century Hessian Given Names and Surnames" by Kunegundis filia Theoderici (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/kunegund/hessenames.html) with the following note: "b. late 1500s in Wolferborn, Hesse, Germany, d. before 3 Feb 1640 in Langenselbold." In addition, Academy of St. Gabriel Report 2190 states that the surname Faust is recorded as an epithet as early as 1270, <Wessel mit der vust> "Wessel with the fist". The best-known bearer of the name is the 16th century magician Georg Faust. He also styled himself <Faustus>, making a play on the Latin word <faustus> 'lucky' [3]." The cited footnote is:

Brechenmacher, Josef Karlmann, _Etymologisches Woerterbuch der deutschen Familiennamen_ (Limburg a. d. Lahn, C. A. Starke-Verlag, 1957-1960), s.n. Faust.

von Stuotgarten - quoting directly from the submission form: "The earliest dated records of 'Stuotgarten' are frmo the year 1299. In the 13th century, Stuttgart obtained its city status. Stuttgart was an unknown settlement until the 14th century when the Count of Wurttemberg took up residency in The Old Palace, located in Stuttgart. http://www.stgt.com/stuttgart/historye.htm This internet site was started in 1995 as Stuttgart's first source of online information."

No photocopies were provided for any of the photocopy-required materials.

Appendix A of SENA gives the pattern given name + byname + locative for German names and states that German locatives take the form von X.

Appendix C of SENA allows Dutch and German name elements to be combined. However, such a combination is inconsistent with the submitter's request for authenticity for "German."

Correction (2013-Jan-06 13:01:49): The submitter has withdrawn his authenticity request.


14: Evalina von Schaidegg -New Name & New Device

Argent, three mullets of five points one and two and a mountain of two peaks gules

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Spelling (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Mithgiladan

Evalina is the submitter's legal given name. Documentary confirmation for this is being supplied.

Schaidegg appears as an unmarked surname in the IGI Parish Records Extracts for Germany:

Verena Schaidegg Female Christening 13 Jan 1598 Waldshut, Baden, Germany Batch: C92524-1

The submitter would prefer the marked locative form of the byname, if possible. Submitters are asked to help document Schaidegg as a place name.

Correction (2013-Jan-04 13:01:52): The submitter has supplied a copy of her passport documenting <Evalina> as her legal given name.


15: Gage Ormesby -New Name & New Device

Gules, a chevron between three crosses clechy and on a chief Or three wolves passant sable

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Gage is found as 16th cen. English masculine given name in "Something Rich and Strange: "Undocumentable" Names From The IGI Parish Records" by Alys Mackyntoich (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/SomethingRichandStrange.html), which shows:

GAGE GLASIER Male Marriage 3 December 1559 Warbleton, Sussex, England Batch: M042841.

Ormesby is a place name appearing as a header form in Watts p. 452, with the submitted spelling dated from the 12th cen. onwards. Ekwall p. 351 s.n. Ormesby dates this spelling to 1218. Unmarked locative bynames are permitted in English according to Appendix A of SENA.


16: Gerhard Stormeclocke -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (German) most important.
Culture (German) most important.

Consulting heralds: Eleazar ha-Levi

Gerhard appears in "Medieval German Given Names from Silesia" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/bahlow_v.htm), with this spelling dated to 1228, 1293 and 1426. In addition, "German Given Names 1200-1250" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/germ13.html) gives four examples of the Latinized Gerhardus.

Stormeclocke appears in Bahlow (Gentry trans.), p. 493 s.n. Storm, Stömer, with this spelling dated to 1257 and the stated meaning "a watchman of a tower or a bell ringer."


17: Guy de Craven -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2012, via the East

Per pale embattled vert and argent goutty de sang, in pale three lions couchant Or

Consulting herald: Eleazar ha-Levi

Guy de Craven was registered on the August 2012 LoAR [A-East].


18: Hroaldr Grabarðr -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No holding name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for Old Norse.
Meaning (Especially for surname, more interested in meaning. Given name is more cultural.) most important.

Hroaldr- Hróaldr is found in Geirr Bassi at p.11, s.n. as a masculine name with fourteen occurrences.

Grabarðr- Grabárðr is found in Geirr Bassi at p. 22 as a nickname meaning "graybeard."

Old Norse names are registerable without accents, as long as they are used or omitted consistently, per precedent. [Olaf Ericson, 09/2002 LoAR].

The submitter allows adding/deleting a word like "de" or "the" or changing language when the change is small.


19: Isabel Chamberlaine -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2010, via the East

Per chevron gules and barry wavy argent and azure

Consulting Herald: Brunissende Dragonette

Her previous submission, Per chevron gules and barry wavy argent and azure, in chief a bar couped sable, was returned on the July 2012 LoAR with the following comments:

Evidence provided by the submitter and commenters was sufficient to document the use of a sable ordinary on a gules field; however, it was not sufficient to document such low-contrast use on only a portion of a divided field, nor did it sufficiently document this pattern with a bar couped in chief. The overall design here seems far enough removed from the attested examples given that it is not registerable without further documentation.

This resubmission removes the bar couped sable.


20: Ivan Valfrekr -Resub Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.

This identical name was returned on the June 2010 LoAR for conflict under the RfS with Ivarr Valfrekr:

Ivan valfrekr. Name.

This name conflicts with Ivarr Valfrekr. The bynames are identical, while the given names only differ by the change of the final consonant cluster. This level of difference is not sufficient to make them clear of conflict, but is sufficient to allow the registration of this name with a letter of permission to conflict.

The submitter requests that this conflict be re-evaluated under SENA. If the two names are still deemed to conflict, the submitter requests that his name be modified to Ivan Valfrekr Hroereksson in order to be registered.

Ivan is a masculine given name found in "A Dictionary of Period Russian Names (online edition)" by Paul Wickenden of Thanet (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/) s.n. Ioann with a first appearing date of 1181-2 (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/h-j.html).

Valfrekr is a descriptive byname found in Geirr-Bassi at p. 29 meaning "val-fresh, greedy for battle-casualties." Pursuant to the April 2012 Cover Letter, Old Norse descriptive bynames may be capitalized.

Hroerekr appears in Nordiskt runnamnslexikon (The Dictionary of Norse Runic Names), by Lena Peterson s.n. HrøríkR as the O.W. Norse form of a masculine given name. The patronymic form is based on the rules set out in Geirr-Bassi. The submitter expressly consents to whatever changes to the patronymic may be required to make the name registerable.

Under the now-defunct RfS, Russian and Old Norse could be combined with a SFPP. [Gorm Bolin, 10/2002 LoAR, A-Middle]. Appendix C of SENA currently does not permit the combination of Russian and Old Norse. Juliana Pelican has agreed to consider evidence of contact between Old Norse speakers and Russian speakers to determine whether this combination should be permitted. Commenters are asked to provide evidence of the degree and extent of contact and arguments for or against permitting the combination of Russian and Old Norse (or, if permitted, under what conditions or restrictions).

Eastern Crown notes that "Names of Scandinavians in the Byzantine Varangian Guard and in Russia," by Gunnvôr silfrahárr (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/gunnvor/varangian/) contains evidence of Russian/Old Norse contact, including names found in Russian treaties dated 907 and 911 that are clearly Scandinavian in origin:

907 Treaty

Farulfr --> Farlof

Karl or Karli --> Karl

Hróðleifr --> Rulav

Steinviðr --> Stemid

Vermundr --> Velmud


911 Treaty

Farleifr --> Farlo

Fréleifr --> Frelav

Gyði --> Goudy

Hróaldr --> Rouad

Hróaldr --> Roal

Hrœrekr --> Rurik

Hrolleifr --> Rulav

Ingjaldr --> Inegeld

Kári --> Kari

Karl --> Karly

Vermóðr --> Veremoud

Wickenden's "Russian Names Database" (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul) contains several entries marked as Scandinavian in origin. I've listed the nominative forms only:

Askol'd (m) -- ancient Scandanavian name.

◦Vars: Oskol'd. 879.


Ingvar' (m) -- ancient Scandanavian name.

◦Ingvar' Igorevich. 13th Century. [Tup 166]


Igor' (m) -- ancient Scandanavian name.

◦Igor', son of Riurik. 913. [Tup 165]


Oleg (m) -- ancient Scandanavian name.

◦Oleg Riazanskii. 1393. [Art I 30]

◦Vars: Golek. 1145. [Mor 142]

◦Olej. 1088. [Mor 142]

◦Olek (Olek Ontipov, Novgorod peasant). 1556. [Tup 288]

◦Olekh (Olekh Pokoloto[v]). First Quarter of 15th Century. [Gra 190]

◦Oley. 1088. [Mor 142]


Rogneda (f) -- Scandanavian name.

◦Rogneda, daughter of Rogvolod Polotskoi. 980. [Tup 463]

◦Vars: Rogned (daughter of Rogvolod). 980. [Nik IX 39]

◦Rogned' (daughter of Great Prince Mstislav Vladimirovich). 1168. [Tup 463]

◦Rozgneda. c980. [Ste 69]


Rogvolod (m) -- Scandanavian name.

◦Rogvolod Polotskoi. 980. [Tup 463]

◦Vars: Rogvold. 970. [Mor 168]

◦Ruchwolad. 1150. [Mor 168]


Riurik (m) -- Scandanavian name.

◦Great Prince Riurik Rostislavich. 1198.

Commenters are requested to provide additional evidence of Viking/Russian contact.


21: Katherine Meade -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1992, via the East

(Fieldless) An elephant rampant argent bearing on its back a howdah gules between eight mullets of eight in annulo Or

Consulting herald: Mithgiladan

The submitter's first badge submission, (Fieldless) An elephant rampant argent bearing a howdah gules was returned on the November 2011 LoAR for conflict with the device of Simona dell'Amore, Sable, an elephant rampant argent. As the LoAR explained:

There is only a single CD for the field. The use of a howdah is a step from period practice, being an item unknown to period Europeans. The motif of an elephant with a castle or tower upon its back is period, but we grant no difference between a howdah and a castle or tower, and as an elephant with such on its back was used interchangeably with an elephant unburdened, we do not grant difference for the existence (or lack thereof).

Unfortunately, this badge also must be returned for violating SENA A.3.A.2 governing fieldless badges, which explicitly states that "[a]ll the charges in these designs must touch one another to create a single self-contained design." The mullets are not touching the elephant.


22: Lillian atte Valeye -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2005, via the East

(Fieldless) A fleur-de-lys quarterly Or and sable

Consulting herald: Mithgiladan


23: Lionor Luis Daguiar -Resub Name & New Device

Per fess wavy argent and azure, in chief three escallop shells inverted azure and in base a seahorse argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (16th cen. Portuguese) most important.
Culture (16th cen. Portuguese) most important.

Consulting herald: Harold von Auerbach

The submitter's first name submission, Aislinn Cinnfhaolaidh was returned on the March 2010 East Kingdom LoD for lack of evidence that Aislinn was a period given name. At the same time, her former device submission was returned because Kingdom cannot form a holding name.

Lionor appears as a female given name in "Portuguese Names 1350-1450" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/portuguese/)

Luis is intended to be an unmarked patronym, which is permitted in Portuguese under Appendix A of SENA. Luis is found in "Portuguese Names from Lisbon, 1565" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/portuguese/masc1565.html).

Daguiar is found as a byname in "Portuguese Names of the 16th Century, Letters from the Court of King John III," by Juliana de Luna, dated to 1535 as "Isabel Daguiar" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/portugal16/) and dated to 1533 as "Pero Afonso Dagiar (Pedro, Affonsom, Daguiar)" ((http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/portugal16/portugal16data.html#list)


24: Martyn de Haliwell -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2007, via the East

(Fieldless) A hedgehog contourny azure within and conjoined to an annulet Or

Consulting herald: Lillia de Vaux


25: Milka Vydrin -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2012, via the East

Gules, an otter rampant argent maintaining dependant from a collar a book azure, an orle wavy argent.

The submitter's original device, Gules, an otter rampant argent maintaining dependant from a collar azure a book, an orle wavy argent, was returned on the Sept. 16, 2011 East Kingdom LoD for the following reason:

Although the artwork was lovely, none of the commenters could identify the otter. In addition, the argent book was not identifiable because it was almost entirely on the argent body of the otter. As such, this device runs afoul of RfS VIII.2, Armorial Contrast, and VIII.3, Armorial Identifiability. It was also questioned if the book would be considered to be barely overall.

The device has been redrawn to address the reasons for the return.


26: Rhode Kephalaina -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in May of 2013, via the East.

Old Item: Rosette de Rheims, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Greek) most important.

Consulting Herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Rhode is a female given name appearing in "Common Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the 6th and 7th Centuries" by Bardas Xiphias (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/byzantine/PLRE_fem_names.html).

Kephalaina is the feminine form of the family name Kephalas found in the PBW Database (http://db.pbw.kcl.ac.uk/jsp/index.jsp). People bearing the surname Kephalas mentioned in the database include:

Leon Kephalas (http://db.pbw.kcl.ac.uk/id/person/143402)

Nikephoros Kephalas (http://db.pbw.kcl.ac.uk/id/person/143477)

Theodorus Kephalas (http://db.pbw.kcl.ac.uk/id/person/143555)

The above three individuals appear in P. Lemerle, A. Guillou, N. Svoronos, Actes de Lavra. Première partie: Des origines à 1204, Archives de l'Athos V, Paris 1970.

Ioannes Kephalas (http://db.pbw.kcl.ac.uk/id/person/153205) appears on a seal dated to c. 1050.

Using the rules for feminizing family names found in "Personal Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine Era" by Bardas Xiphias (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/byzantine/feminizing.html#feminizing_family_names), for names ending in -as, the -s is dropped and the suffix -ina is added.


27: Saffir Weaver -New Name & New Device

Argent, a frog tergiant and a bordure azure

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Saffir is a variant spelling of Saphir, which appears as a feminine given name in the IGI Parish Records Extracts from England:

Saphir Streat Female Christening 18 Jul 1602 Holy Trinity, Exeter, Devon, England Batch: C05090-1

There is evidence of ff or f being used interchangeably with ph in late-period English:

"English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/parishes.html) gives examples of

Raffe - Raphe (s.n. Raphe)

Humpfray - Humphray (s.n. Humfray)

Jeffray - Jephray (s.n. Jeffrey)

Fillis - Phillis (s.n. Phillis)

"Index of Names in the 1582 Subsidy Roll of London" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/engmasclondon1582.html) shows:

Raff - Raph

Raffe - Raphe

Weaver appears in Hitching & Hitching, References to English Surnames in 1601 & 1602, at pp. lxix and lxxxiii


28: Sigmund von Rotemburg -New Name & New Device

Per bend vert semy of roses argent and gules semy of roses argent, in bend sinister two double-headed eagles displayed argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Consulting heralds: Sisterhood of St. Walburga

Sigmund is a masculine given name found in Bahlow (Gentry trans.) p. 473 s.n. Siegmund with the submitted spelling dated to 1357.

von Rotemburg appears in the surnames section of "German Names from Rottweil, Baden-Württemberg, 1441" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/rottweilsur.html)


29: Techán Mac Gothraidh -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2003, via the East

Azure, a chevron between three Bowen knots and on a chief Or, three compass stars azure

Consulting herald: Brita, Heppin Pursuivant

The submitter's original device was returned at Laurel on the April 2003 LoAR for a redraw because the College was unable to determine the tincture of the compass stars. This problem has now been corrected.


30: Valentin de Valentia -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2012, via the East

Per chevron sable and vert, in chief two mullets of four points and in base in pale three decrescents argent

Consulting herald: Harold von Auerbach

The submitter's name was registered on the June 2012 LoAR. The submitter's device was returned on that same letter for a re-draw with the following instructions:

Valentin de Valentia. Device. Per chevron sable and vert, in chief two mullets of four points and in base in pale three decrescents argent.

This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly drawn per chevron field division; the field division here is too high. Please see that Cover Letter for further discussion and details of how to properly draw per chevron lines of division.

This device is also in violation of section A3D2c of the Standards for Evaluation, which requires charges in a group to "be in either identical postures/orientations or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation...Some standard arrangements for period charge groups are discussed in Appendix K." The mullets and the decrescents are in the same group here, but their arrangement is not listed as a standard arrangement for five charges in Appendix K. While this is a registerable arrangement under the Rules for Submissions, the submitter should be aware of the issue as the Rules for Submissions will no longer be in effect as of the November 2012 meetings. However, an exception will be granted to this submitter for a timely resubmission of a redraw of this device.

(emphasis added)

This resubmission was timely received by Eastern Crown following publication of the June 2012 LoAR. Its appearance on an LoI was delayed by the long queue of Pennsic submissions ahead of it.



OSCAR counts 17 Names, 2 Name Changes, 17 Devices and 4 Badges. There are a total of 40 items submitted on this letter.

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