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East LoI dated 2012-06-25

Unto SCA College of Arms, Laurel, Pelican, Wreath, and their staff, and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Asa in Svarta, Blue Tyger Herald and Alys Mackyntoich, Eastern Crown Herald.

The Eastern College submits for approval and registration the following items, with our thanks.

Please note that the scanners owned by Eastern Crown and Blue Tyger seem to hate Crayola greens - they consistently come out looking somewhat teal, despite all of our efforts to tinker with the settings. The actual hard copy submissions are colored with Crayola green markers. Really. We promise.

This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

1: Anna Dokeianina Syrakousina - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in September of 2012, via the East.

Old Item: Anna Dauzzano da Siracusa, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (10th-11th cen. Byzantine) most important.

Anna appears in "Personal Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine Era" by Bardas Xiphias (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/byzantine/fem_given_names.html) as a feminine given name dated to 1057.

The family name Dokeianos is documented with a print-out from the Foundations of Medieval Genealogy website (http://fmg.ac/). The specific page is found at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BYZANTINE%20NOBILITY.htm and contains the following assertions:

A seal dated to [1035] names "Romanos Dokeianos, spatharokandidatos and tourmaches"

Cedrenus records that "Michael patricius Doceianus" was killed in battle in Adrianople fighting the Pechenegs, dated to [1050][181]. He died in battle fighting the Pechenegs.] m ([1031]) --- Komnene, daughter MANUEL Erotikos Komnenos & his second wife --- ([1012]-). Her origin is deduced from the Alexeiad naming "Dokeianos, nephew of the former emperor Isaakios Komnenos and cousin of Alexios" when recording his approval of the humane treatment accorded to Roussel after his rebellion was crushed, dated to 1073[182].

The Alexeiad records that "Dokeianos, nephew of the former emperor Isaakios Komnenos and cousin of Alexios" approved of the humane treatment accorded to Roussel after his rebellion was crushed, dated to 1073

A seal dated to [1060] names "Eustathios Dokeianos, spatharokandidatos epi tou Chrysotriklinou and komes of the arithmos"

A seal dated to [1050] names "Theodoros Dokeianos, patrikios"[186]. Nikeforos Bryennios names "per Paphlagoniam…Doceani Theodori vir nobilis…sanguineque Alexio coniuncti" (referring to Emperor Alexios I), explaining that "hic filius erat sororis patris illius"

Dokeianina is the feminine form of Dokeianos, based on the patterns set out in Bardas Xiphias' article above (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/byzantine/feminizing.html#feminizing_family_names)

The use of double family names is attested in Bardas Xiphias's article above (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/byzantine/structures.html#structures).

Syrakousios appears as a masculine family name in the Prosopography of the Byzantine World Database (http://db.pbw.kcl.ac.uk/id/person/154727). Based on the patterns set out in Bardas Xiphias' article above (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/byzantine/feminizing.html#feminizing_family_names), Syrakousina appears to be the correct feminine form.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

2: Ávaldr Valbjarnarson - New Device

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Ã?valdr Valbjarnarson in March of 2008, via the East.

Vert, two rams combattant argent and a bordure argent semy of hurts

The name in the O&A is clearly Ávaldr Valbjarnarson, even though OSCAR thinks otherwise.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

3: Caemnat ingen Dubain - New Name & New Device

Per fess argent and gules, two lions dormant counterchanged

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (Irish Gaelic (pre-1200)) most important.

Cáemnat appears before the colon in OCM p. 42 s.n. Cáemnat as a feminine given name and the same of two saints.

Dubán appears before the colon in OCM p. 78 s.n. Dubán as the name of a saint. Dubán also appears as a Middle Irish Gaelic masculine name in Mari ingen Brian's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Duban.shtml ) with Annals dates of 753, 758, 800, 805, 850, 900, 952.

ingen Dubáin uses the genitive of the father's name to form the patronymic; Dubáin does not lenite because it begins with a "D," as stated in "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names (3rd Ed.)" by Sharon Krossa (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#simplepatronymicbyname)

Subsequent to the forms being filled out, the submitter requested that the accents be omitted from the name. Accents can be omitted from Gaelic names as long as they are omitted throughout the name.

Submitted as Per fess argent and gules, in pale two lions dormant counterchanged, the "in pale" was deleted at Kingdom at the suggestion of commenters.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

4: Chyldeluve de Norfolk - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2008, via the East

Gules, a rose per pale argent and azure and an orle argent

Her previous submission of (Fieldless) A roundel gules charged with a rose per pale argent and azure was returned on the 5/03/2012 East Kingdom Letter of Decision for violating the ban on shield shapes in fieldless badges.

This resubmitted badge was thought to be clear of the device of Olivia Whytrose (October of 1999, An Tir): Per saltire gules and sable, a rose within an orle argent, under both the RfS and S.E.N.A., with one CD/DC for the field and a second CD/DC for changing the tincture of half the charge. This badge was also thought to be clear of John Balliol, King of Scotland, December of 1994 (via Laurel): Gules, an orle argent under both rules sets. The orle in Balliol's armory is a secondary charge (orles are peripheral ordinaries and can never be primary charges), so Chyldeluve's badge is clear by addition of a primary charge or primary charge group.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

5: Connor Roe - New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2010, via the East

Bulwer of Kent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (Bull-war) most important.

Roger Bulwer is mentioned, dated 1609, in Eynford Hundred: Geystweyt or Geystwick, An Essay towards a topographical history of the county of Norfolk, vol. 8, pp. 218-222 (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=784528strquery=bulwer). The relevant text states:

After this, it was possessed by Sir Henry Heydon, in the reign of Henry VII. and in the year 1552, Sir Christopher Heydon was lord; from the Heydons it came to the Bulwers, a family of good antiquity in this town; John Bulwer was living here in the 2d of Henry VI. Roger Bulwer the elder, by his will, dated in September, 1512, desires to be buried by his father, in St. Thomas's chapel, in WoodDalling church; ( fn. 3) and gives the manors of Halwood and Hardegrey's, to John his son; William Bulwer was living in 1534; see in Geistwick

Bulwer also appears as a surname in the IGI Parish Records (extracts):

MARY BULWER Female Christening 02 Sep 1604 St. James, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England Batch: P012191

ELNATHAN BULWER Male Christening 05 Jan 1616 St. Peter, Torksey, Lincoln, England, Batch: C032531

JANE BULWER Female Marriage 31 Oct 1591 Thrigby, Norfolk, England Batch: M040971

And several more . . .

Bulwer is being used as a given name consistent with the documented practice of using late 16th cen. and early 17th cen. English surnames as given names. Surnames are registerable as given names in late-period England [Alton of Grimfells, 4/2010 LoAR, A-East].

Kent is a locative byname found in Bardsley s.n. Kent; de Kent is dated to 1273-1379; Kent as an unmarked surname is dated to 1379, 1607 and 1623.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

6: Dananir bint Tahir - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Arabic) most important.
Culture (Arabic) most important.

All elements and the naming pattern for a one-generation nasab (X bint Y) are found in "Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices" by Da'ud ibn Auda (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm)

Dananir is a feminine ism or given name

bint Tahir is a patronymic byname or nasab meaning "daughter of Tahir." Tahir is a masculine ism or given name.

The name should be clear of Dananir bint Khalil (July 1992 via Atlantia) by the changes to the sound and appearance of the patronym


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

7: Declán mac Aodhagáin - New Name & New Device

Per pale Or and vert, a tree eradicated and in chief two falcons rising wings elevated and addorsed counterchanged

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Irish Gaelic) most important.
Culture (Irish Gaelic) most important.

Declán is a header on p. 71 of OCM; this spelling is found before the colon in the header. This is a saint's name: Saint Declán founded the monastery of Ardmore, Co. Waterford.

mac = Gaelic for "son," used to form simple patronymic bynames according to Appendix A of S.E.N.A.

The patronym was originally submitted as Aedhagáin, which is found in the raw data in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Brian (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Aeducan.shtml). Mari Aldryne advised in Kingdom commentary that this spelling is a partially updated form that is neither Old/Middle Irish nor Early Modern Irish, and may be a transcription error. Upon consulting with the submitter, he opted to change to the fully Early Modern Irish form Aodhagáin which appears in the above-cited article.

The word "eradicated" was added to the blazon at Kingdom to describe properly the depiction of the tree.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

8: East, Kingdom of the - New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Order of the Silver Rapier

Azure, a rapier inverted and an orle argent

The order name follows the pattern [color] + [heraldic charge] set out in Juliana de Luna, "Medieval Secular Order Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/). According to the May 2009 Cover Letter, "Order names which follow the <color> + <charge> pattern must using the ordinary color term for a heraldic tincture appropriate for the language of the order name." According to the May 2008 Cover Letter, "silver" may be used in an award or order name as "the ordinary color name of argent".

A rapier is both common heraldic charge and a term already in use for the registered award name Order of the Golden Rapier, registered to East, Kingdom of the in December of 1992 (via the East). In addition, dates the term rapier in English to the 16th century:

1550s, from M.Fr. rapière, from O.Fr. espee rapiere "long, pointed two-edged sword" (late 15c.), in which the adj. is of uncertain origin, perhaps from derisive use of raspiere "poker, scraper."

(http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=rapier&searchmode=none)

The badge was thought to be clear of Thorvard Assa (reg. 05/1984 via Atlantia): Azure, a sword argent, hilted sable, the hilt winged Or within an orle argent, under both the RfS and S.E.N.A., with one CD/DC for the orientation of the rapier and a second CD/DC for the wings.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

9: Emma Makilmone - New Name Change & New Device Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in September of 2012, via the East.

Per sinister nebuly azure and vert, an arrow bendwise sinister and a harp Or

Old Item: Emma MacMen, to be released.
Old Item: Per bend sinister indented azure and vert, a harp bendwise sinister and an arrow bendwise sinister Or, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.

Emma MacMen was registered in May 2007 via the East. Emma is grandfathered to the submitter. Emma also appears in "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html) with three instances noted.

Makilmone is found in Black p. 545 s.n. Mac Munn, with this spelling dated to 1506.

Under Appendix C of S.E.N.A., Scots and English are part of the same lingual group and can be combined without penalty.

Correction (2012-Jun-25 13:06:57): This is intended to be a Device Change with the old device being released. Still working out the bugs here, what can I say?

Correction (2012-Jun-29 20:06:49): I have corrected the submission type. - Istvan


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

10: Emma O Mallie - New Name & New Device

Gyronny Or and azure, a lion rampant and a bordure embattled vert

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Emma appears in "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html) with three instances noted.

O Mallie is a 16th or early 17th century Anglicized Irish (italicized) form found in Woulfe p. 594 Ó Máille.

Under Appendix C of S.E.N.A., Anglicized Irish and English are part of the same regional language group and can be combined.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

10: Endeweard, Shire of - New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1987, via the East

Heppin Pursuivant

Endeweard, Shire of was registered in January of 1987 (via the East).

This title follows the pattern [surname] + [heraldic title] found in RfS III.2.iii.b, and the pattern "Surname Herald" is mentioned in SENA NPN1.C.2.e

Heppin is an English surname found in the IGI Parish Records extracts:

ANNA HEPPIN Female Christening 25 MAR 1589 Whitgift, Yorkshire, England Batch: P006021

ELIZABETH HEPPIN Female Marriage 24 OCT 1593 Whitgift, Yorkshire, England Batch: M006021


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

11: Gareth Grey de Wilton - New Alternate Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2005, via the East

Gaius Iulius Marinus

Gyronny of sixteen Or and gules, on a chief sable an annulet of chain Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning most important.

All elements are found in A Study of the Cognomina of Soldiers in the Roman Legions by Lindley Richard Dean (http://books.google.com/books?id=MF0KAAAAIAAJ). Gaius is mentioned as a praenomen at pp. 78 & 90. Iulius appears as a nomen at pp. 23, 24 & 314-15 (among other places). Marinus is found as a cognomen at pp. 69, 87 & 223.

The submitter was knighted on 1/28/2006 and thus can bear a gold chain on his armory.

The following precedent permits the use of gyronny of sixteen in simple armory:

The question was raised regarding whether gyronny of sixteen is period, and whether it can be used in the SCA. Papworth's Ordinary of British Armorials, cites an instance from the 12th century, and Martin Schrot's Wappenbuch, a German heraldic treatise shows a 16th century example. Additionally, the LoI mentions a 13th century example. Given this, we will register Gyronny of sixteen in simple cases, but nothing more, barring period evidence. [Padric O Mullan, June 1999, A-Anstoerra]

Kingdom felt that submitted badge is sufficiently simple to permit the use of gyronny of sixteen.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

12: Gianotta dalla Fiora - New Alternate Name Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2004, via the East

Adelisa Salernitana

Old Item: Adeliza da Salerno, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for 11th century Latinized Italian, but no changes to Adelisa.

The submitter's primary name, Gianotta dalla Fiora, was registered in May of 2004 via the East. Her alternate name, Adeliza da Salerno, was registered in June of 2010 via the East. If the present name submission passes, she wishes to release Adeliza da Salerno.

Adelisa appears as a female given name in a Latin charter dated to 1083 reprinted in "Note di diplomatica normanna" in Bullettino dell'Istituto storico italiano per il Medio Evo e archivio muratoriano (1960) (http://books.google.com/books?id=8vXiAAAAMAAJ&q=Adelisa+Ruggeri&dq=Adelisa+Ruggeri&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Wjq GT-f9HKLY0QHKxc3iBw&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAA)

Salernitana - "Salternitanam" appears in the above article as an adjective describing a person or thing from Salerno. In addition, A Copious English-Latin Dictionary by William Smith and Theophilius Hall (1870) on p. 1003 s.n. Salerno lists the form "Salternitana." The submitter believes that Salernitana is the proper feminine form in Latin for a woman from Salerno. The submitter is willing to accept all changes to the byname necessary to make it authentic for an 11th century Latinized Italian byname indicating a woman from Salerno.

Commenters at Kingdom had some question about whether Salternitana is the proper form for a byname. Additional research identified Salternitanum as an adjective in a Latin letter from Eleanor of Aquitaine to Pope Celestine III written in 1193 (http://epistolae.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/letter/141.html) and Salternitano as an adjective in a Latin letter written by Matilda of Tuscany (http://epistolae.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/letter/231.html). From the context, both usages appeared to be in the accusative form.

The forms Adelisa Salerni or Adelisa Salerna were suggested as the more appropriate nominative form, but no specifically 11th cen. evidence was found. Kingdom opted to send this forward unchanged in the hope that additional commentary will clarify an authentic 11th century Latinized form.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

13: Hassan ibn 'Abd al-Malik - New Name & New Device

Sable, a lion passant maintaining a scimitar and on a chief Or a demi-sun gules

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Hassan appears as a masculine ism or given name in "Arabic Naming Practices and Period Names List" by Da'ud ibn Auda (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm).

'Abd al-Malik appears as a masculine ism or given name in the same article.

The pattern ism son of ism (example: Yusuf ibn Ayyub) appears in the same article.

The same name pattern and elements appear in "Andalusian Names: Arabs in Spain" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/andalusia.html), except the given name is spelled Hasan. The submitter prefers the two "s" transliteration.

The following precedent appears to permit the submitted design: "A possible problem was mentioned that since the demi-sun was issuant from the bottom edge of the chief, did this violate the rule of tincture by effectively having a color charge on a color field. On the November 1990 cover letter, Laurel ruled in a similar situation: 'A demi-sun throughout on a chief must have good contrast with the charge upon which it lies (the chief). It will automatically by definition have poor contrast with the field which it adjoins (assuming that the field is not neutral). This will be permissible so long as the demi-sun is not of the same tincture as the field.'" [Anna Virago of Vest Yorvik, Sept 1997, A-Middle]


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

14: Konrad Lowe von Ulm - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: 'Old Item' should contain the former primary name. The form that is there is not a registered name.

Old Item: Konrad von Ulm, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning ("the lion") most important.

Konrad von Ulm was registered to this submitter in April of 2002 (via the East). These elements are grandfathered to the submitter.

Lowe is found in Bahlow (Gentry trans.) p. 296 s.n. Lau, which gives Claus Lowe (c. 1400). The submitter asserts that this surname means "lion."

The pattern [given name] + [surname] + [locative byname] is attested to in "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/nurnberg1497.html)

The submitter would prefer Konrad der Lowe von Ulm if this be documented. Any spelling of "Lowe" that has the meaning "lion" is acceptable. The pattern [given name] + der + [descriptive] + [locative] appears in "Some Early Middle High German Bynames" by Brian Scott (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/Early_German_Bynames.html): Gunter der Munech von Basele appears s.n. MÜNECH dated to 1262.

In Kingdom commentary, Lillia Diademe noted the following, which may support the submitter's desired construction:

In the heroic poem by Heinrich von Veldeke based on the story of Aeneas, the bearer of the arms of a lion is set against the bearer of the arms of an eagle. If one takes the latter to be the historical and geographical forerunner of the Holy Roman emperor, then the bearer of the lion represents the unruly feudal lords, to whom the emperor had to make more and more concessions, particularly to the powerful Duke of Bavaria and Saxony, Henry the Lion (1129-1195) of the house of Guelph. Duke Henry did not bear arms in the technical sense, but he used a naturalistic picture of a lion as a seal and erected a monumental and lifelike bronze lion outside his castle of Dankwarderode in Brunswick. It was left to his descendants to adopt a formal coat of arms, with two lions passant, which was derived from the arms of England, which had three such lions. Henry referred to himself in Latin as Henricus Leo... in German, Heinrich der Lowe and Heinrich Welf (Guelph).

Source: Neubecker, Ottfried (1979). A Guide to Heraldry. Maidenhead, England: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-046312-3. ISBN 0-07-046312-3, pp. 90-1. Unfortunately, the full book is not available through the Google Books, so we were unable to check Neubecker's citations.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

15: Maelgwn ap Cadwgan - New Name & New Device

Per chevron invected Or and sable, two smith's hammers sable and on a flame Or a natural salamander tergiant sable

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Welsh) most important.
Culture (Welsh) most important.

Maelgwn appears in Academy of St. Gabriel Report 2386 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/2386.txt), which states: "There were several prominent Welshmen named <Maelgwn> in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, and we believe that <Maelgwn> is an appropriate spelling for this period. [1, 2]" The cited footnotes are:

[1] Peter C. Bartrum, _A Welsh Classical Dictionary: People in history and legend up to about A.D. 1000_ (Aberystwyth: The National Library of Wales, 1993). <Maelgwn>.

[2] Thomas Jones, _Brut Y Tywysogyon_ (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1941).

Cadwgan appears in 2nd and 3rd generation patronymic bynames in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Names from Merioneth, 1453-1459" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/welsh/merioneth-henryvi.html).

The pattern [given name] + ap [father's name] is found in "A Simple Guide to Constructing 13th Century Welsh Names" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/welsh13.html).

As submitted, the chevron was too low and shallow; it did not comply with the standards for a per chevron field division set out in the May 2011 Cover Letter (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2011/05/11-05cl.html). Eastern Crown redrew the device to correct the chevron. The revised artwork was approved by the submitter. In addition, the blazon was changed to indicate that the charge in base is a natural salamander.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

16: Regan O Connolly - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Regan is a late 16th century English surname found in the IGI Parish Records (extracted):

DENYS REGAN Male Marriage 10 November 1552 Barnstaple, Devon, England Batch: M005741

By precedent, such surnames can be used as given names. [Alton of Grimfells, 04/2010, A-East]

O Connolly is an 16th or early 17th cen. Anglicized Irish (italicized) form found in Woulfe, p. 478 s.n. Ó Conghalaigh.

Under Appendix C of S.E.N.A., Anglicized Irish and English are part of the same regional language group and can be freely combined.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

17: Robert Dwe Makmyane - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: 'Old Item' should contain the former primary name. The form that is there is not a registered name.

Old Item: Robert de Meinzeis, to be released.

Robert de Meinzeis was registered to the submitter in Feb. 2011 via the East. Robert is grandfathered to the submitter.

Dwe is a descriptive byname found in "SCA Conflict Clearing for Highland Names" by Sharon Krossa (http://medievalscotland.org/names/sca/conflicthighland.shtml)

Makmyane is found in Black p. 545 s.n. Mac Munn, with this spelling dated to 1509.

The pattern [given name] + [descriptive byname] + [surname] in Scots is documented in Krossa's article cited above.

Kingdom felt that this name is clear of Robert MacMahon (April 2003 via AEthelmearc) by the addition of the descriptive byname.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

18: Sabina Luttrell - New Name & New Device

Azure, on a bend argent between two fleurs de lys Or four martlets palewise purpure

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound (unspecified) most important.
Culture (13th-14th cen. English) most important.

Sabina appears in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyHZ.html) s.n. Sabina with this spelling dated to 1186-1210, 1220, 1295 and 1303. Sabina also appears in "Names in the 1319 Subsidy Roll of London" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/femlondon1319.html).

Luttrell is the surname of Geoffrey Luttrell, patron of The Luttrell Psalter, commissioned some time between 1320 and 1340. (http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/sacredtexts/luttrellpsalter.html). "An Index to the 1332 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Lincolnshire, England" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/LincLSR/BynK.html) contains the dated spellings Luterel and Luterell' . The submitted spelling of the byname ultimately was found in the IGI Parish Records extracts:

ANDREW LUTTRELL Male Christening 14 MAY 1587 Hartland, Devon, England Batch: P001741

Note that the use of two fleurs de lys Or on an azure field is not presumptive of the arms of France. By precedent

There is no pretense problem with the use of two Or fleurs-de-lys on an azure field or charge. The strictures against the use of three or more Or fleurs-de-lys on an azure design element is due to the period practice of French augmentations that used the arms of France on an armorial element such as a charge or field. These augmentations were found using the ancient form of the French arms, Azure semy-de-lys Or, or the modern form, Azure, three fleurs-de-lys Or. An azure design element with only one or two Or fleurs de lys does not presume on these period augmentations. Per the LoAR of June 1995 p.13: "...It is thus the use of three or more fleurs-de-lys Or on azure which is restricted; not a single gold fleur on a blue field." [Davi d'Orléans, 07/2003, A-Caid]

Kingdom commenters felt that, combined with the name, the device was evocative of Geoffrey Luttrell (December 1994 via Laurel): Azure, a bend between six martlets argent, but it was not so overly evocative that it should not be registered.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

19: Sigridh Bengtsdotter - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2012, via the East

Vert, a dragonfly argent and on a chief wavy three violets proper

Sigridh Bengtsdotter was registered on the Jan. 2012 LoAR.

Her original device, Quarterly vert and purpure, in bend two dragonflies bendwise, tails to center, and in bend sinister two violets argent, was returned on the Aug. 19, 2011 East Kingdom Letter of Decision for the following reasons:

The device has the appearance of marshalling three different arms, Vert, a dragonfly bendwise argent, Vert, a dragonfly bendwise inverted argent, and Purpure, a violet argent. Therefore, the device must be returned for violating RfS Section XI.3: "Period marshalling combined two or more separate designs to indicate descent from noble parents and claim to inheritance. Since members of the Society are all required to earn their status on their own merits, apparent claims to inherited status are presumptuous. Divisions commonly used for marshalling, such as quarterly or per pale, may only be used in contexts that ensure marshalling is not suggested."

It is also returned because the violets were not identifiable. There were no internal details, and the petals were disjointed such that commenters thought that they looked like pawprints. If the submitter wants to use a violet in a resubmission, she should use a species of viola that was present in Europe in period, e.g., heartsease (Viola tricolor) or sweet violet (Viola odorata).

This is a complete re-design. Kingdom commenters believed the violets were sufficiently identifiable as a European violet. Some commenters felt that the wavy bend could have been drawn more distinctly, yet others felt it was a "beautiful period rendition of wavy."


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

20: Tikaz Eörsebet - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (Unspecified) most important.

Tikaz is a byname dated to 1588, found s.n. Ty{u/}k{a/}sz in Kázmér Miklós. "Régi Magyar Családnevek Szótára : XIV-XVII század". Magyar Nyelvtudományi Társaság, Budapest, 1993. (Dictionary of Early Hungarian Names: 14th-17th centuries). Kolosvari Arpadne Julia confirmed that the meaning of the Hungarian, but did not provide a direct translation of the cited text.

The given name was originally submitted as Eõrsebet, which appears in "Hungarian Feminine Names" by Walraven van Nijmegen (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/magfem2.html), with this spelling dated to 1591. In Kingdom commentary, Kolosvari Arpadne Julia advised that the proper transcription has an umlaut, not a tilde, over the 'o'. The submitter agreed to this change.


This item was on the 09-2012 LoAR

21: Umm Yusuf Jayyida bint 'Abir - New Name & New Device

Per fess azure and vert, a fess between two cats couchant guardant argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.

Umm Yusuf -- The name pattern Umm + [given name], meaning "mother of [given name]," is an honorific or kunya, as explained in "Arabic Names from al-Andalus" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/alandalus/). A kunya appears before the ism or given name. This name follows the pattern kunya + ism + nasab described in Juliana's above-cited article.

Yusuf is a masculine given name found in "Andalusian Names: Arabs in Spain" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/andalusia.html). In the transliteration Yūsuf, it also appears in "Arabic Names from al-Andalus" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/alandalus/mascism.html)

Jayyida appears as a female given name or ism in "Jewish Women's Names in an Arab Context: Names from the Geniza of Cairo" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/geniza.html)

bint 'Abir is a nasab or patronymic. 'Abir appears as a masculine name in "Jewish Names in the World of Medieval Islam" by Yehoshua ben Haim haYerushalmi and Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/Jewish/Cairo/cairo_men.html)

Questions were raised at Kingdom about the name pattern. Juliana's above-cited article (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/alandalus/complete.html) has masculine examples of kunya + ism + nasab in the raw data, including:

Abu l-Qasim Talha b. Muhammad? b. Ja`far al-Shahid

"Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices" by Da'ud ibn Auda (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm) has the following example:

Umm Ja'far Zubaydah = kunya [the mother of Ja'far] + ism

Based on these examples, Kingdom opted to give the submitter the benefit of the doubt and send the name up as submitted for further commentary.


Standard Bibliography:

[Bahlow] Bahlow, Hans. Deutsches Nameslexikon. (Gentry transl.)

[Black] Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland.

Kázmér Miklós. "Régi Magyar Családnevek Szótára : XIV-XVII század". Magyar Nyelvtudományi Társaság, Budapest, 1993. (Dictionary of Early Hungarian Names: 14th-17th centuries)

[OCM] Ó Corrain, Donnchadh & Maguire, Fidelma. Irish Names.

[Woulfe] Woulfe, Patrick. Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall: Irish Names and Surnames.


OSCAR counts 10 New Names, 4 New Name Changes, 2 New Alternate Names, 1 New Alternate Name Change, 1 New Order Name, 1 New Heraldic Title, 9 New Devices, 1 New Device Change and 3 New Badges. These 32 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $96 for them. There are a total of 32 items submitted on this letter.

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