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East ILoI dated 2012-07-08

To the heralds of the East Kingdom and the Knowne Worlde, greetings and every good thing,

Below are the submissions received in June 2012. Commentary will close on this letter on August 12th. Note that this is slightly longer than the usual 30 days.

As always, I am exceedingly thankful for all comments, even if it is "only" confirming documentation or double-checking my proof-reading.

Your servant,

Alys Eastern Crown

1: Alric de Bera -New Name & New Device

Argent, a bear rampant and a base indented vert.

Consulting herald: Anlon Find mac Robartaigh

Alric is a masculine given name appearing in R&W s.n. Aldrich as a given name with this spelling dated to 1066 and as a surname in this spelling dated to 1346.

de Bera is a surname appearing in R&W s.n. Bear dated to 1168.


2: Alys Mackyntoich -New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2005, via the East

Ogress Herald

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

The submitter was made a herald extraordinary by the Brigantia Principal Herald and the Crown of the East on June 23, 2012.

An ogress is a heraldic charge. A Glossary of Terms used in Heraldry by James Parker s.n. ogress lists this as another name for a pellet or a sable roundel. Parker s.n. pellet states:

Pellet, or gunstone, (fr. ogresse, but more frequently torteau de sable) is a roundlet sable. The term pellet, spelt in various ways, is found in ancient rolls, and is used by Chaucer, e.g. 'as suyfte as a pellet out of a gonne.' Hence, perhaps, the later name gunstone. The word ogress, borrowed from the French, is also found used by English heralds.

Parker gives as examples the arms of Clarke, Argent, on a bend gules between three ogresses as many swans proper, and Langley Argent, a fess sable, in chief three ogresses.

The pattern of heraldic titles based on heraldic charges is confirmed by numerous precedents. See, e.g., Sail Herald, Trimaris, Kingdom of, 01/02, A-Trimaris; Ounce Herald, An Tir, Kingdom of, 01/02, A-An Tir. In addition, "Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance: Overview" by Julia Smith (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/) showing heraldic titles based on charge names to be the second most common pattern.


3: Carillion, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1986, via the East

Order of the Beacon of Carillion

This order name follows the pattern of naming orders after objects or heraldic charges found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

A beacon is a standard heraldic charge. A Glossary of Terms used in Heraldry by James Parker, s.n. Beacon, identifies "A beacon or, inflamed proper" as a badge of Henry V.

The word "beacon" is found in Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part II (1597), in a monologue by Falstaff in Act IV, scene 3:

The second your excellent sherris is the warming of the blood; which cold and settled, left the liver white and pale, which is the badge of pusillanimity and cowardice; but the sherris warms and makes it course from the inwards to the parts extremes; illumineth the face, which, as a beacon, gives warning to all rest of this little kingdom, man, to arm; and then the vital commoners and inland petty spirits muster me all to their captain, the heart, who, great and puff'd up with this doth any deed of courage--and this valour comes of sherris.

Under S.E.N.A. NPN.3.C, the addition of the phrase of Carillion means that this order name does not conflict with Beacon Principal Herald registered to the Kingdom of Meridies in March 1978.


4: Carillion, Barony of -Resub Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1986, via the East

Order of the Gules Bell

The April 2012 Cover Letter states: "we are hereby allowing the use of heraldic color terms in order names as well as the everyday terms. However, no convincing evidence has been presented for the use of non-heraldic color names, including the names for particular shades of a color, like scarlet or crimson."

Based on this ruling, the Barony withdrew the Order Name Order of the Crimson Bell, which appeared on the East's June 2, 2012 ILoI, and has re-submitted the name as the Order of the Gules Bell. The Barony will also accept Order of the Bell Gules if that is more appropriate.

This order name follows the pattern of [color] + [charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

The Middle English Dictionary s.n. belle contains examples of the use of the term "bell" in period:

a1400(a1325) Cursor (Vsp A.3) 12193: A chim or brasin bell..noþer can vnderstand ne tell Wat takens þair aun sune.

?a1425 Mandev.(2) (Eg 1982) 102/17: He knyllez a lytill bell [OF clokette] of siluer þat he hase in his hand.

If registered, this name should be associated with the badge (Fieldless) a bell gules which was submitted by the Barony and appears on the East's June 2, 2012 ILoI.


5: Carillion, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1986, via the East

Order of Saint Ruprecht

This Order Name follows the pattern of naming orders after saints, identified as the second most common pattern in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/)

Ruprecht is found s.n. Ruprecht dated to c.1390, 1396 in "Medieval German Given Names from Silesia" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/bahlow_v.htm)

The spelling Saint appears in 17th century German surnames found in the IGI Parish Records extracts, suggesting that this is an acceptable late-period German spelling for the term saint. Commenters with a greater knowledge of German are asked to provide advice.

WILHELM SAINT Male Christening 20 Nov 1629 Evangelisch, Moers, Rheinland, Prussia Batch: C955341

MARGARETA SAINT Female Marriage 1628 Evangelisch, Moers, Rheinland, Prussia Batch: M954504

Otherwise, Juliana's article provides the following example of a German order named after a Saint: geselschaft sante Georgen - 'Society of saint George' -1381 German Kruse et al. Based on this example, the Barony will accept the Order of Sante Ruprecht if necessary for registration.

Whether or not there was an actual Saint Ruprecht does not affect registration; the use of fictional saints in Order names is recognized by precedent:

Several commenters noted that the College cannot canonize new saints. However, we feel that registering a name that uses the descriptive Saint does not do this, but rather follows a well documented medieval tradition of local shrines and saints who may or may not be recognized by the hierarchy in Rome. In addition, this would not be the first such registration; the College of St. Bunstable, a group name formed from a fictional saint's name, was registered in August 1981, and in August 1990, the College of Saint Joan was registered although Joan of Arc was not canonized until 1920. While philosophically, it is certainly better recreation to use a real-life saint's name when using this model to create an order name, there is no reason why these sorts of construction should not be allowed the same latitude allowed by our rules for other constructed names. The name William the Cooper is a well-formed English name whose elements can all be documented to period, therefore Saint William the Cooper is an expected construction. [Caer Galen, Barony of. Order name Order of Saint William the Cooper, 7/2006 LoAR, A-Outlands]


6: Çinara Ardan -New Name & New Device

Or goutty de vin, a dance purpure

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Both name elements are found in "Basque Onomastics of the Eighth to Sixteenth Centuries," by Karen Larsdatter (http://www.larsdatter.com/basque/)

Çinara appears as a female given name dated to 1366 (http://www.larsdatter.com/basque/1bc.htm).

Ardan appears as a byname meaning "wine" s.n. Ardan dated to 1137 (http://www.larsdatter.com/basque/appendix3.htm#F)

Although the gouts appear very black in the scan, they were colored with Crayola purple marker.


7: Dalla Óláfs kona -New Blanket Permission to Conflict

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2010, via the East

I [redacted], known in the SCA as Dalla Olafskona, waive the full protection of my registeed name, "Dalla Óláfs kona." I grant permission to any future submitter to register a name that is not identical to my registered name. I understand that this permission can be withdrawn by written notice to the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, but that conflicting items registered while it is in force will remain registered.

Dated 1 July 2012

Signed with legal name.


8: Dalla Óláfs kona -New Blanket Permission to Conflict

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2010, via the East

I, [redacted] known in the SCA as Dalla Olafskona, waive the full protection of my registered armory "Per fess wavy azure and sable, a demi-sun issuant from the line of division Or and an open book argent, a bordure Or." I grant permission to any future submitter to register armory that is at leaset one countable step different from my registered armory. I understand that this permission can be withdrawn by written notice to the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, but that conflicting items registered while it is in force will remain registered.

Dated 1 July 2012

Signed with legal name.


9: Díarmaid Ó Bríain -New Name & New Device

Azure, a pall inverted argent hurty between three cups argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Language (16th cen. Irish) most important.
Culture (16th cen. Irish) most important.

Consulting herald: Konstantia Koloethina

Diarmaid is the standard Early Modern Irish Gaelic nominative form of a masculine given name found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Briain (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Diarmait.shtml). Note that the form in the "Index" does not contain an accent over the first 'i'.

Briain is the standard Early Modern Irish gentive form of a masculine given name found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Brian.shtml). Note that the form given in the "Index" does not contain an accent over the first 'i'.

The name was submitted with acute accents over the first 'i' in Diarmaid and the first 'i' in Brian. However, the submitter was unable to provide evidence supporting the accents, and has requested our assistance in documenting these forms. The submitter is willing to drop all of the accents in the name if necessary for registration.

This is a standard clan affiliation style byname as set out in "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names," by Sharon Krossa (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#clanaffiliationbyname).

Mari's "Index" shows that Brian was used as a given name during the Middle Irish period (roughly c. 900 - c. 1200). (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Brian.shtml). Therefore, under the precepts set out in the April 2012 Cover Letter, a clan affiliation byname Ó Briain is registerable.


10: Étaín ingen Fháeláin -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (Gaelic pre-1200) most important.
Culture (Gaelic pre-1200) most important.

Consulting herald: Alana O'Keeve

Étaín is a Middle Irish Gaelic feminine name found in Mari ingen Briain's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Etain.shtml) with Annals dates of 1104, 1188.

Fháeláin is the genitive and lenited form of the Middle Irish given name Fáelán found in OCM s.n. Fáelán, where it is stated to be the name of three kinds of Leinster between the 7th and 9th centuries, and in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Faelan.shtml) with relevant Annals dates of 923, 940, 942, 951, 958, 964, 979, 980, 1010, 1033, 1041, 1042, 1051, 1063, 1069, 1128, 1161.

Originally submitted as Étaín ingen Fhaolán, that form impermissibly combined two different languages in a single name phrase. After consultation with the submitter, and with her express permission, the name was corrected to be entirely Middle Irish and to use the correct grammar.

Correction (2012-Jul-11 16:07:53): We need to discuss conflict with Éadaoin ní Fhaoláin (May of 1991 via Atlantia). Under the RfS, this is definitely a conflict because Étaín and Éadaoin are forms of the same name. So we need to run the analysis under SENA, which I will have to do later.


11: Girsell MacLeoid -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2011, via the East

Azure, an oak tree eradicated and in chief three triquetras, a bordure argent

Consulting herald: Ian Raven of Tadcaster

Girsell MacLeoid was registered on the November 2011 LoAR via the East.


12: Irayari Vairavi -New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of March 14, 2009 as submitted.

Imiglia Venture

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Consulting herald: Irayari Vairavi

Imiglia is a female given name found in "Italian Names from Imola, 1312" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/imolafemalph.html).

Venture is a byname found in "Masculine Names from Thirteenth Century Pisa" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/pisa/pisa-bynames-alpha.html).

Correction (2012-Jul-08 18:07:26): The given name should be Imigla.


13: Iron Bog, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2010, via the East

Order of the Silver Martlet of Iron Bog

This order name follows the pattern of [color] + [charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

The May 2008 Cover Letter states: "Silver in order and award names: The August 2005 cover letter says that "orders named for heraldic charges or for items that, while not found in period as heraldic charges, may be used as heraldic charges...may contain the ordinary color names of any heraldic tincture." This includes the use of Silver as the ordinary color name of argent." (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2008/05/08-05cl.html)

A martlet is a common heraldic charge. Parker's A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry s.n. martlet dates arms bearing martlets to the reigns of Henry III, Edward II and Edward III of England.

Under S.E.N.A. NPN.3.C, the addition of the phrase of Iron Bog clears any conflict with the Order of the Silver Martlet, registered to the Principality of Insula Draconis in December 2011 (via Drachenwald).


14: Iron Bog, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2010, via the East

Order of the Sable Martlet

This order name follows the pattern of [color] + [charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

The April 2012 Cover Letter states: "[W]e are hereby allowing the use of heraldic color terms in order names as well as the everyday terms." Sable is the heraldic color name for black.

A martlet is a common heraldic charge. Parker's A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry s.n. martlet dates arms bearing martlets to the reigns of Henry III, Edward II and Edward III of England.


15: Iron Bog, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2010, via the East

Order of the Silver Gauntlet

This order name follows the pattern of [color] + [charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

The May 2008 Cover Letter states: "Silver in order and award names: The August 2005 cover letter says that "orders named for heraldic charges or for items that, while not found in period as heraldic charges, may be used as heraldic charges...may contain the ordinary color names of any heraldic tincture." This includes the use of Silver as the ordinary color name of argent." (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2008/05/08-05cl.html).

A gauntlet is a common heraldic charge, with examples listed in Parker's A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry s.n. gauntlet.


16: Iron Bog, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2010, via the East

Order of the Sable Gauntlet

This order name follows the pattern of [color] + [charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

The April 2012 Cover Letter states: "[W]e are hereby allowing the use of heraldic color terms in order names as well as the everyday terms." Sable is the heraldic color name for black.

A gauntlet is a common heraldic charge, with examples listed in Parker's A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry s.n. gauntlet.


17: Iron Bog, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2010, via the East

Order of the Silver Compass of Iron Bog

This order name follows the pattern of [color] + [charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

The May 2008 Cover Letter states: "Silver in order and award names: The August 2005 cover letter says that "orders named for heraldic charges or for items that, while not found in period as heraldic charges, may be used as heraldic charges...may contain the ordinary color names of any heraldic tincture." This includes the use of Silver as the ordinary color name of argent." (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2008/05/08-05cl.html)

A compass or compasses is a common heraldic charge. Parker's A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry s.n. compasses cites to the following arms granted in 1473: Sable, on a chevron engrailed between three towers argent a pair of compasses of the first--MASONS' Company [Inc. 1411; arms granted 1473].

Under S.E.N.A. NPN.3.C, the addition of the phrase of Iron Bog means that this order name does not conflict with the Award of the Silver Compass registered to the Barony of Stierbach in April of 2008 (via Atlantia).


18: Iron Bog, Barony of -New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2010, via the East

Order of the Sable Compass

This order name follows the pattern of [color] + [charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

The April 2012 Cover Letter states: "[W]e are hereby allowing the use of heraldic color terms in order names as well as the everyday terms." Sable is the heraldic color name for black.

A compass or compasses is a common heraldic charge. Parker's A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry s.n. compasses cites to the following arms granted in 1473: Sable, on a chevron engrailed between three towers argent a pair of compasses of the first--MASONS' Company [Inc. 1411; arms granted 1473].


19: Joscelin le esqurel -New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2010, via the East

Pinke Pie

Sound (should sound like Pinkie Pie) most important.

Consulting herald: Alana O'Keeve

Pinke is found as a masculine given name in the IGI Parish Records (extracts) for England:

Pinke Thomas Male Marriage 15 Apr 1619 Brown Candover and Chilton Chandover, Hampshire, England Batch: M060751

Pye appears as a surname in the IGI Parish Records (extracts) for England:

Agnes Pye Female Marriage 11 Jul 1540 Saint Margaret, Westminster, London, England Batch: M001601

Agnes Pye Female Christening 25 Feb 1576 Haughton, Stafford, England Batch: C010971

Ales Pye Female Marriage 14 Aug 1558 Saint Martin Pomeroy, London, London, England Batch: M022652

The i/y swap in English is well-documented.

Correction (2012-Jul-09 17:07:23): The submitter allows no major changes.

Correction (2012-Jul-10 17:07:31): The submitter allows no major changes.


20: Mabel Fortune -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (16th century English) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Mabel appears in "16th Century Gloucestershire Names" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/late16.html), and in "Names found in Quedgeley, Glouchestershire Marriage Registers 1559-1600" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/quedgeley.html), dated in 1559.

Fortune appears in R&W s.n. Fortune with surnames in this spelling dated to 1524 and 1641.


21: Magnus Morte -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2010, via the East

Per pale azure and argent, a snake embowed erect and in dexter chief a mullet argent

This submission is to be associated with Knot and Snake House

Consulting herald: Harold von Auerbach

The household name Knot and Snake House was registered on the April 2010 LoAR.

The original badge submission for the household, Per pale azure and argent, a snake nowed in a Cavendish knot, was returned on the April 2010 LoAR for conflict with the devices of Frewin Finnbogason, Per saltire gules and sable, a Norse serpent nowed argent, and Asbjorn Gustavsson of Roed, Azure, a Norse Jelling-beast nowed, erect and reversed argent, with only a single CD for the field as against each. The mullet was added to the design to clear these conflicts.


22: Máirghréad Ghearr -Resub Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2010, via the East

Gules, a thistle and on a chief argent three dragonflies vert

Old Item: Per bend gules and vert, a bend between a thistle and a dragon argent, to be released.

Consulting herald: Mithgiladan

The submitter's device Per bend gules and vert, a bend between a thistle and a dragon argent was registered in April 2010 via the East. A change of device appeared on the 11-20-2011 Eastern LoI. That change was returned for conflict on the January 2012 LoD:

19: Máirghréad Ghearr - New Device Change returned

Gules, a thistle and on a chief argent three dragonflies vert.

Old Item: Per bend gules and vert, a bend between a thistle and a dragon argent, to be released. Her name and currently registered device were registered April 2010 via the East. The form didn't state the disposition of the old device. The submitter was emailed for this information.

This device conflicts with Daniel Colquhoun (Nov. 1991, Meridies), Gules, a thistle and on a chief argent a saltire engrailed sable. There is a single CD for the changes to the tertiaries. It should be noted that, under the draft rules currently under consideration by the SCA Board of Directors, this would not be a conflict. However, as the rules are not in place yet, this must be returned at this time. If this design is resubmitted, the charges should be larger to fill the available space.

With the adoption of SENA, this device has been resubmitted.


23: Michael of Rutherford -New Name & New Device

Argent two wolf's heads erased respectant sable and in base a phoenix gules

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Consulting herald: Marie de Blois

Michael is a masculine given name dated to 1518 in "English Names Found in Brass Enscriptions" by Julian Goodwyn (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/brasses/men.html)

of Rutherford is the Lingua Anglica form of the documented form de Ruthirford found in R&W s.n. Rutherford dated to 1296.


24: Óláfr inn ǫrvi Haraldsson -New Name Change From Holding Name & New Device

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in November of 2012, via the East.

Argent goutty de sang, a wolf courant regardant azure

Old Item: Óláfr of Northern Outpost, to be released.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
Culture (Viking Age) most important.
Meaning (Olaf, Harald's son) most important.

Consulting herald: Dalla Olafskona

Óláfr of Northern Outpost was a holding name created on the April 2010 LoAR. The submitter's original name submission, Óláfr Haraldsson, was returned for conflict with Óláfr Haraldsson, King of Norway from 1015 to 1028. This submission adds a descriptive byname not associated with the King of Norway to clear the conflict.

Óláfr is a masculine given name found in Geirr-Bassi at p. 13 and also found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Viking Names found in Landnámabók" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html).

Haraldsson is a patronymic based on the masculine given name Haraldr, found in Geirr-Bassi at p. 11. The patronymic is formed according to the rules set out in p. 17 of Geirr-Bassi.

inn ǫrvi is a descriptive byname meaning "speedy" found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/vikbynames.html)

For Scandinavian names, the pattern [given name] + [descriptive byname] + [patronymic} is found in Appendix A of SENA (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/sena.html#AppendixA)


25: Roland Archer -New Name

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Roland is a masculine given name, with this spelling appearing in "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html).

Archer is a surname appearing in Bardsley p. 58 s.n. Archer with this spelling dated to 1567, and in "English Names found in Brass Enscriptions" by Julian Goodwyn(http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/brasses/lastnameAH.html) dated to 1514.


26: Shelby of Sark -New Name & New Device

Vert, an escallop argent between three bees volant to chief Or

Language (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Eleazar ha-Levi

Shelby is the submitter's legal given name. A copy of the submitter's Pennsylvania driver's license is attached.

The submitter asserts that the following dated spellings are found s.n. Stark in The Ancient and Modern Names of the Channel Islands: A Linguistic History by Richard Coates (Stamford, CA: Paul Watkins 1991) at pp. 73-74.

Sercam (Latin) c. 1014

Serc. 1040

Serch 1056

Serco (Latin) c. 1160

Serc c. 1173

Cerqueyo (Latin) 1291

Serk 1294, 1299, 1305

Serquey 1294/5

Serqueie 1297

Ce(c)q 1547

No photocopies of this source were provided. This book is not available on Google Books except in snippet preview, which does not show pp. 73-74.

Sark appears in Watts p. 528 s.n. River Sark as a river name, with dated spellings Serke (1214, 1580) and Sarke water (1552).


27: Svoi Ivanov -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2012, via the East

Gules, on a chief triangular argent a bear head contourny issuant from the line of division sable

Consulting herald: Harold von Auerbach

Svoi Ivanov was registered on the April 2012 LoAR via the East Kingdom.


28: Wolfram von Bernhard -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Language (German) most important.
Culture (German) most important.

Consulting herald: Alana O'Keeve

Wolfram is documented from Academy of St. Gabriel Report 2924, which dates Wolfram to 1332. (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?2924+0).

Bernhard is an English surname dated to 1260 in R&W s.n. Barnhard.

As submitted, von Bernhard is not registerable because it improperly combines the German von and the English Bernhard in the same name phrase. Changing the English Bernhard to the German Bernhardt, found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/nurnberg1497.html) s.n. Pernhardt, does not solve the problem. The pattern von + [element] is used only for place names, see Appendix A of SENA (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/sena.html#AppendixA), and Bernhardt is documented only as a given name.

I would drop the element von, but dropping an element is a major change which the submitter does not permit. Unless documentation can be provided for Bernhard as a German place name or the submitter consents to dropping the von, this name will be returned.

Correction (2012-Jul-08 21:07:00): By e-mail today, the submitter consented to the removal of the "von" if necessary for registration.


[Bardsley] Bardsley, Charles. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames.

[Geirr Bassi] Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name.

[MED] The Middle English Dictionary.

[OCM] Ó Corrain, Donnchadh & Maguire, Fidelma. Irish Names.

[Parker] Parker, James. A Glossary of Terms used in Heraldry.

[R&W] Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames.

[Watts] Watts, Victor, ed. Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names, Based on the Collections of the English Place-Name Society.


OSCAR counts 9 Names, 1 Name Change, 2 Alternate Names, 9 Order Names, 1 Heraldic Title, 8 Devices, 1 Device Change, 1 Badge and 2 Blanket Permissions to Conflict. There are a total of 34 items submitted on this letter.

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