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East ILoI dated 2012-06-02

To the heralds of the East Kingdom and the Known World, right trusty and well-beloved, I greet you oft-times well:

Below are the name and device submissions for commentary for the month of June 2012. Commentary is due one month from today, July 2, 2012.

Your servant,

Alys Eastern Crown

1: Aaron the Arrowsmith -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2005, via the East

Azure, within a star of David voided and interlaced Or a wolf's head cabossed argent

Consulting herald: Mithgiladan


2: Abdullah ibn Harun -New Name & New Device

Purpure, in bend four cups Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Abdullah ibn Harun

Abdu'llah and Harun are masculine given names found in Juliana de Luna's "Andalusian Names: Arabs in Spain" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/andalusia.html#Mens). In Da'ud ibn Auda's "Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm), the given name appears as `Abd Allah, Abdullah and Abdallah. The submitter prefers the transliteration Abdullah. This transliteration is valid per Appendix D of S.E.N.A. because "[w]e also allow transliterations [of Arabic] that omit `ayn (`) and (') hamza." (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/sena.html#AppendixD)

The patronymic pattern [given name] ibn [given name] is supported by both of the above-cited articles and by Appendix A of S.E.N.A. (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/sena.html#AppendixA).

The physical form truly is colored purple/purpure. Looks like Istvan needs to tweak the color-correction.


3: Alesone Gray of Cranlegh -Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2009, via the East

Lozengy Or and vert, a sheep passant contourny argent marked sable enflamed gules and gorged of a coronet Or with four pearls argent

Her badge submission (Fieldless) A turkey-cock displayed paly bendy sinister Or and vert was returned on the September 2011 LoAR for violating section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submissions which requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance." Most commenters could not identify this as a turkey due to the multiply divided tincture and non-period posture for a turkey.

This resubmission is a completely new design.

The submitter received a Court Barony on 10/1/2011 from the East Kingdom and is entitled to bear a coronet on her arms.

The submitter provided documentation for the existence of at least two black-faced, black-legged medieval English sheep breeds, the Norfolk Horn and the Scottish Blackface, based on archeological evidence reported in M.L. Ryder, Sheep and Man, Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd. 1983, pp. 460-62.

The submitter currently has the following armory registered to her:

Device: Quarterly gules and sable, on a bend sinister argent three fleurs-de-lys gules.

Badges:

(Fieldless) Two rapiers inverted in saltire argent and overall a crow sable.

Sable, in bend sinister two walnuts Or and a bordure denticulada argent.

(Fieldless) On the breech of a cannon barrel fesswise reversed sable a spool of thread Or.

Gules, three equal-armed Celtic crosses and on a chief argent three ravens sable.

If this badge is registered, the submitter will have reached her maximum six pieces of armory. See Section I.B of Administrative Handbook.


4: Bianca Angussola -New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and argent, a swan naiant between in bend sinister two bees counterchanged

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Harold von Auerbach

Bianca is found as a female given name in "Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names" by Josh Mittleman (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/venice14given.html#table)

Angussola appears in the Encyclopedia Britannica (1911) as the name of Italian artist Sofonisba Angussola (c. 1532-1625). On p. 114 of "Women in Italian Renaissance Art: Gender, Representation, Identity" by Paola Tinagli (http://books.google.com/books?id=hMB_ysyXfhsC&dq=angussola&source=gbs_navlinks_s), the author quotes a Latin inscription in a 1554 portrait that spells the artist's name as Sophonisba Angussola.


5: Brocciardus da Monte -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2006, via the East

Azure, a chevron sable fimbriated and in base a Latinate cross flory argent charged with a Latinate cross pointed sable

Consulting herald: Theodora Bryennissa

The submitter supplied only a single copy of the required forms, colored using a color printer, and no black and white emblazon.

Commenters are asked to address whether the chevron as drawn complies with the standards for a per chevron field division set out in the May 2011 Cover Letter (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2011/05/11-05cl.html).


6: Carillion, Barony of -New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1986, via the East

Order of the Crimson Bell

(Fieldless) A bell gules

This order name follows the pattern of [color] + [charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

The Middle English Dictionary s.n. belle contains the following examples of the use of the term "bell" in period:

a1400(a1325) Cursor (Vsp A.3) 12193: A chim or brasin bell..noþer can vnderstand ne tell Wat takens þair aun sune.

?a1425 Mandev.(2) (Eg 1982) 102/17: He knyllez a lytill bell [OF clokette] of siluer þat he hase in his hand.

Although precedent states that only the ordinary color name may be used in Order names, the submitting Barony argues that Crimson should be considered an ordinary color name based on the following evidence of its use to refer to color:

Middle English Dictionary:

cremesin (n. & adj.) Also cremesie, crensein, crim(e)sin, grimsin. [ML cremesinum, crimismus, ult.Ar.] Definition b - of a crimson color, crimson.

a1450 Parton.(1) (UC C.188) 9011: A mantell..she had Of red saten full good cremesyn [vr. crymsyne]. (1462)

Acc.Howard in RC 57 149: Item, ffor makynge off a jaket off crymysyn clothe ffor my sayd lord, ij s. iiij d.

In Shakespeare's plays:

Henry V [Act IV, scene 4] Pistol:

"Moy shall not serve; I will have forty moys;

Or I will fetch thy rim out at thy throat

In drops of crimson blood."

Henry VI, Part II [Act III, scene 2] Earl of Suffolk:

"I wear no knife to slaughter sleeping men;

But here's a vengeful sword, rusted with ease,

That shall be scoured in his rancorous heart

That slanders me with murder's crimson badge."

Romeo and Juliet [Act V, scene 3] Romeo:

"Death, that hath suck'd the honey of thy breath,

Hath had no power yet upon thy beauty:

Thou art not conquer'd; beauty's ensign yet

Is crimson in thy lips and in thy cheeks,

And death's pale flag is not advanced there."

In the alternative, if it is determined that <Crimson> is not usable as an ordinary color name, the Barony would like to register Order of Saint Seraphina's Bell. This order name follows the pattern of [saint's name] + [object] set out in Juliana's article, of which there are the following examples:

Saint George with the Pelican (Germany)

Saint Georges and Saint Williams Shields (Austria)

Saint Georges Shield (Germany)

Saint Williams Shield (Austria)

Academy of St. Gabriel Report 2939 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?2939+0) indicates that Serafina or Seraphina was a saint venerated in period:

Serafina was not a common name in period Italy, but it was occasionally used. There was a Saint Seraphina (usually referred to as Santa Fina) who lived in Italy during the 13th century [1], and there was a 15th century Blessed Seraphina Sforza and a 16th century Saint Seraphin of Montegranaro [2]. Note that these are modern spellings. The period spellings were probably closer to those illustrated by the masculine examples Seraffo and Serafino, from Florence in 1427 [3]. Therefore, Serafina is at least a plausible name for 16th century Florence.

With the following references:

[1] Butler's Lives of the Saints, Herbert J. Thurston and Donald Attwater eds. (New York: P.J.. Kenedy & Sons, 1958).

[2] Catholic Encyclopedia. (WWW: New Advent, Inc., 1997). http://www.knight.org/advent/cathen/

[3] Ferrante laVolpe, _Men's names from Florence, 1427_ (WWW: Self-published, 1996) (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto)

The Barony prefers the spelling <Seraphina>

Correction (2012-Jun-09 12:06:12): This Order Name has been withdrawn by the Barony


7: Carillion, Barony of -New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1986, via the East

Order of the Cokebelle

(Fieldless) A hawk's bell per pale Or and sable

This order name follows the pattern of naming orders after objects or heraldic charges found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/)

A cokebelle is defined in the Middle English Dictionary as follows:

coke-belle (n.) Also cok-. [Cp. OF coque shell.]

A small bell.

(1378) Close R.Rich.II 56: [Two collars for little dogs with] cokebelles [of silver]. (a1387) Trev. Higd.(StJ-C H.1) 1.219: Eueriche of þilke ymages bare..a cokebelle [L nolam argenteam] of siluer i-honged aboute his nekke. (1440) PParv.(Hrl 221) 86: Cok belle: Nola, campanella, bulla. ?a1450 Agnus Castus (Stockh 10.90) 130/14: Þis herbe [lunarie] hath a 3elw3 flour hol and round as kokubelle [vr. cokebelle].


8: Carillion, Barony of -New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1986, via the East

Order of the Shroud and Bell

(Fieldless) A bell per bend sable and Or

This Order name follows the pattern of naming an order after two objects or heraldic charges, as set forth in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/)

The Middle English Dictionary s.n. belle contains the following examples of the use of the term "bell" in period:

a1400(a1325) Cursor (Vsp A.3) 12193: A chim or brasin bell..noþer can vnderstand ne tell Wat takens þair aun sune.

?a1425 Mandev.(2) (Eg 1982) 102/17: He knyllez a lytill bell [OF clokette] of siluer þat he hase in his hand.

The Middle English Dictionary s.n. shroud supports the use of the term "shroud" in period:

c1325 *Body & S.(4) (Hrl 2253) 116: In forstes ant in snowes..of alle oure riche cloþes, tid vs neuer a shroude. (1340) Ayenb.(Arun 57)

c1400(a1376) PPl.A(1) (Trin-C R.3.14) prol.2: I shop me into a shroud [vrr. schroudes, a shrowedes; Z: schrodus], as I a shep were.

a1450 Yk.Pl.(Add 35290) 268/364: Lo, here a shrowde for a shrewe, and of shene shappe!

c1450 Earth(3) (Lamb 853) 15/25: Hider brou3ttist þou no schroud, but poore come þou and nakid.

c1330 St.Greg.(Auch) 111/581: Þe kni3t alle in feir schroude Him gan arme swiþe wel.

c1390 Susan.(Vrn) 85: Þus schene briddus in schawe schewen heore schroude.


9: Carillion, Barony of -New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1986, via the East

Order of the Larom Bell

(Fieldless) A bell per pale Or and sable

This order name follows the pattern of naming orders after objects or heraldic charges found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/)

A larom bell is defined in the Middle English Dictionary s.n. larum-belle as follows:

larum-belle (n.) Also larume-, larom-. [From shortened form of alarm(e & belle.]

A bell rung to sound a call to arms.

c1453(c1437) Brut-1436 (Hrl 53) 574/15: Sir Iohn Radcliff sent word..to rynge out the larom bell. (1455) Paston 3.30: Than the larum belle was ronge, and every man yed to harneys. a1500(c1437) Brut-1436 (Lamb 6) 583/31: Remembres, ye Picardes..how ye fled away For ryngyng of the larume bell.


10: Donovan Shinnock -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2004, via the East

(Fieldless) A fox's mask gules

Consulting herald: Donovan Shinnock


11: Duncan de Montdragon -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2008, via the East

Per pale Or and gules, two bears combatant counterchanged

Consulting herald: Abdullah ibn Harun


12: Ernst Nuss von Kitzengen -Resub Augmentation of Arms

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Gules, a chalice Or and in chief a pair of hands argent and for an augmentation on a chief Or a tyger passant azure

Consulting herald: Brunissende Dragonette

The submitter was awarded a Kingdom Augmentation of Arms by Gaufred Kelson II and Geneviere II, King and Queen of the East, on 9/24/2005.

His current device, Gules, a chalice Or and in chief a pair of hands argent, was registered via the East in June 2004.

His prior attempt to register an augmentation was returned on the July 2007 LoAR for conflict with Percy, Earl of Northumberland( important non-SCA arms), Or, a lion rampant azure. Under the RFS, augmentations which had the appearance of independent armory were judged independently for conflict. This augmentation had only a single CD, for the difference between a lion and a tyger, from Percy's arms.

This is a redesign.

S.E.N.A. A.3.A.3 governs augmentations:

3. Augmentations of Honor: An augmentation is a mark of honor bestowed by the Crown that is added to an existing device. An augmentation may not be added to a badge. An augmentation may take many forms, including but not limited to a charged canton, a charged chief, charges in canton or chief, a charge associated with the Crown, or a charge associated with the individual receiving the honor.

While the right to an augmentation is bestowed by the Crown, its specific form must be determined through the normal registration process. Both the augmentation itself and the augmented device must follow the style rules and restrictions on charges. Because an augmentation adds complexity, augmented devices are often allowed to violate certain style rules, such as allowing charges on tertiary charges or a complexity count of greater than eight, as long as the identifiability of the design is maintained. However, they may not violate the rules on contrast.

For example, the arms of a branch may not be granted as an augmentation, because they contain a laurel wreath, which cannot be registered to an individual.

An augmentation that appears to be a display of independent armory, such as a charged canton or a single charged escutcheon, must also be evaluated as if the augmentation itself were a submission of independent armory for purposes of style, conflict, offense, and presumption. Kingdoms may designate a badge as a standard augmentation for its subjects who receive augmentations. Such a badge is considered to be grandfathered to the submitter and does not need to be further checked for style, conflict, offense, or presumption. However, it must maintain good contrast with the field or charge that it is on.

Since the use of a chief as an augmentation does not have the appearance of independent armory, the submitted arms with augmentation do not conflict with the East Kingdom populace badge (Fieldless) A tyger passant azure


13: Ernst Nuss von Kitzengen -New Correction of Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen

Consulting herald: Brunissende Dragonette

This is a name correction. Between the submission and the registration, there was a modification from the originally submitted Kitzingen to Kitzengen that appears to result from a typo. The submitter would like to return his name to the submitted spelling.

The name was submitted as Ernst Nuss von Kitzingen. A copy of the original submission form was provided. When the LoI was issued from the East in August 1987 (a copy of which was also provided), the header for the forward indicates Kitzengen, while the text indicates Kitzingen, with no mention of a change having been made at Kingdom. The submitter believes this is where a typo crept in, especially since the submission form was unmodified.

The submitter also provided evidence of Kitzingen as the medieval form of the modern Kissingen, found in "German Place Names from a 16th cen. Czech Register" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/modernperiod.html).

Eastern Crown, having reviewed the copies of the old forms provided by the submitter, agrees that there seems to have been a typo. Even if that were not the case, the submitter has provided sufficient documentation for a name change. My intention is to send this up unless someone presents a compelling reason not to do so.


14: Frasier MacLeod -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in October of 2012, via the East.

Old Item: Colin Fraser MacLeod, to be released.
Submitter desires a masculine name.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Colin Fraser MacLeod was registered to the submitter in May 1992 via the East. MacLeod is grandfathered to the submitter.

Frasier is an English surname found in the IGI Parish Records extracts:

ABRAHAM FRASIER Male Christening 25 DEC 1599 Walloon Or Strangers Church, Canterbury, Kent, England Batch: C049021

Sixteenth century English surnames are registerable as given names. [Alton of Grimfells, April 2010, A-East].

English and Scots are part of the same language group under Appendix C of S.E.N.A. and can be combined without penalty (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/sena.html#AppendixC).


15: Irayari Vairavi -New Household Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of March 14, 2009 as submitted.

Gretehed Holde

Sable, a pomegranate slipped and leaved argent and seeded gules and an orle argent

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Gretehed is a surname found in Reaney & Wilson s.n. Greathead, with this spelling dated to 1351.

Holde is a registerable household designator according to the August 2011 LoAR:

The MED (s.n. hold) demonstrates that hold was used after placenames, as in durham halde c. 1450. It is also found in similar constructions, such as Doddendenes Holde, c. 1460, and Willelmus Attholde, 1325. Thus hold can be used as a designator for a household name or within a placename (in a branch name, for example). [Alys Lakewood: Boar Mountain Hold, 8/2011 LoAR, A-An Tir]

The pattern [surname] + [house] is an acceptable pattern for household names:

The question was raised whether names of the form House + [place name] followed a pattern found in English names for groups of organized people. We have found no examples of this pattern. . . . There are several other examples based on either a territorial title or the surname of the original builder (in very few cases does the name of the listed resident match the name of the house). Examples include Augustines Lodge, Buls Lodge, Bufhoppes hall, New hall, Hendon house, Bassings hall, Heneage House, Schrewsburye house, More hall, Durham house (built by the Bishop of Durham), and Burghley house (built by Lord Burghley). Given this, we would recommend late period household names following either of these patterns [surname] + [house or hall], [surname]+s + [house, hall, or lodge], [place name] + [house, hall, or lodge]. [Sythe Blackwolfe, 12/2007 LoAR, R-Calontir]

The MED (s.n. hold) provides examples of holde being used to mean "3.(c) a house, residence, dwelling place":

(c) c1330(?a1300) Tristrem (Auch) 645: To tristrem trewe in hold, He hete he wold him bring. c1330(?a1300) Tristrem (Auch) 2807-9: Þe geaunt him gan lede Til he fond an hald; Þe water about 3ede, It was his eldren hald. c1390 NHom.Narrat.(Vrn) 262/36: Þe Emperour, heold hym in hold, in gret honour. (a1393) Gower CA (Frf 3) 4.3024: Thus cam Yris into this hold. (c1395) Chaucer CT.Fri.(Manly-Rickert) D.1607: Ne haue I nat xij pens with inne myn hoold [vr. houshold]. c1405 Chaucer CT.Mch.(Elsm) E.1305: If thou take a wyf vn-to thyn hoold, fful lightly maystow been a Cokewold. c1425(a1420) Lydg. TB (Aug A.4) 4.6937: Sathan..Ful sotilly kan hym silfe include In ymagis, for to make his hold. c1440-a1500 Eglam.(Schleich) 183: Þe erle..Laye in a holde of stane. a1456(a1449) Lydg. Mum.London (Trin-C R.3.20) 44: Þat oþer syde of þat hoolde Is ebylt in ougly wyse. c1450(?c1408) Lydg. RS (Frf 16) 4148: Kepe the..From alle the pereils in that holde. c1450(?a1422) Lydg. LOL (Dur-U Cosin V.2.16) 2.731: The god of kynde A myddes this well [the Virgin Mary]..His loogyng toke, and his myghty holde. ?c1450 St.Cuth.(Eg 3309) 806: It was wynter and wedir calde, Þai had 3itt nouthir house no halde. c1475(a1400) Wycl.Pseudo-F.(Dub 245) 321: It is al oon to see bildyngis of þise newe ordris, & to see a fendis holde.


16: Jibril al-Dakhil -New Name & New Device

Sable, a falcon rising wings displayed Or, a chief raguly argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound ("Jib-ril al-dak-heel") most important.

Consulting herald: Lillia de Vaux

Jibril is a masculine ism (given name) found in Da'ud ibn Auda, "Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm).

al-Dakhil is intended as a descriptive nickname (laqab) meaning "the immigrant." It was the appelation of Abd-al Rahman I, the 8th century founder of the Umayyad Emirate of Córdoba, according to Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abd_al-Rahman_I). The byname is translated as the Émigré in D. Fairchild Ruggles, Islamic Art and Visual Culture: An Anthology of Sources, John Wiley & Sons, 2011, p. 114 (preview: http://books.google.com/books?id=Te5QRi35W5EC&pg=PA114). The phrase is found in the writings of 'Idhārī (a 13th-14th cen. historian from al-Andalus), according to Shemuel Tamari and Jāmi' al-Umawī al-Kabīr, Inconotextual Studies in the Muslim Ideology of Umayyad Architecture and Urbanism, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 1996, p. 55 (http://books.google.com/books?id=n775pa8FNzwC&pg=PA55). Unfortunately, the book does not translate the pertinent text and neither the consulting herald nor Eastern Crown can translate Arabic.


17: Katrina MacCullauch -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2011, via the East

Per pale argent and sable, two swan's heads respectant erased counterchanged

Consulting herald: Mithgiladan

The submitter's original device was returned on the August 2011 LoAR:

Katrina MacCullauch. Device. Per pale argent and sable, two swan's necks respectant erased and necks entwined counterchanged.

This device is returned for violating section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submissions, which requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance." Commenters confused the swan's necks here with snakes, flowers, and vines.

An image of her returned submission is provided below. This redesign no longer entwines the swan's necks, which may increase identifiability enough for registration.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=449/2012-05-24/13-33-57_OriginalKatrina.jpg


18: Llewellyn Walsh -New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and vert, a horse rampant between an arrow and an arrow reversed argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

Consulting herald: Ryan McWhyte

No documentation was provided for this name at all. Eastern Crown, feeling generous, notes:

Llewelin and Llewelyn are found in "A Simple Guide to Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names (in English Contexts)" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/welsh16.html). Assistance finding the submitted spelling is requested.

Walsh appears in the IGI Parish Records extracts from England:

AGNES WALSH Female Marriage 29 NOV 1551 Branscombe, Devon, England Batch: M001821

ALES WALSH Female Marriage 15 APR 1594 Romsey, Hampshire, England Batch: M136691

ALICE WASLH Female Marriage 27 FEB 1586 Saint Dunstan, Stepney, London, England Batch: M055761

And many more . . .

Correction (2012-Jun-14 17:06:02): Ah, here we go, the spelling <Llewellyn> is found in the patronym data in "Women's Names in the First Half of 16th Century Wales" by Tangwystl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/welshfem16/elements.html)


19: Lysel von Heidelberg -New Name & New Device

Argent, between a pile inverted azure ermined argent two cats sejant erect respectant sable

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Spelling (none specified) most important.

Consulting herald: Mithgiladan

Lysel -- Academy of St. Gabriel Report #2910 states "in our Arnsburg data the spelling <Lyse> is well represented in the first half of the 14th century and is found through the 15th century. The diminutive suffix <-ele> (occasionally <-el>) is also well-represented in that period." The cited footnote for this statement is

[3] Mulch, Roland, _Arnsburger Personennamen: Untersuchungen zum Namenmaterial aus Arnsburger Urkunden vom 13. - 16. Jahrhundert_ (Darmstadt & Marburg: Hessische Historische Kommission Darmstadt and the Historische Kommission fu:r Hessen, 1974), 38ff, 79, 312

The required photocopy of the Report was not provided.

Heidelberg is found on the map of Germania, image 41/181 of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g3200m.gct00003). The required photocopies were not provided.

Brechenmacher s.n. Heidelberg(er) dates <Wecelo de Heidelberc> to 1216 and <Thomas Heidelberger> to 1553.

The pattern von X to form a locative byname in German is listed in Appendix A of the S.E.N.A and does not require further documentation. (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/sena.html#AppendixA). Submitted as Von Heidelberg, the capitalization was changed to reflect the standard form.

Commenters are asked to address a potential conflict with <Syele von Heidelberg>, registered Nov. 2006 via the East.

Although the cats are blazoned as "sejant erect," they are simply "sejant." This will be corrected in the LoD.


20: Martyn de Haliwell -Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2007, via the East

Per pale argent and azure, a hedgehog statant between three crosses cletchy fitchy counterchanged

Consulting herald: Ian Raven of Tadcaster

Martyn's original device submission was returned on the Sept. 2007 LoAR for the following reason:

Martyn de Haliwell. Device. Per pale argent and azure, a hedgehog statant between three crosses "clechy fitchy" counterchanged.

This device is returned for a redraw of the crosses. Blazoned on the LoI as Latin crosses clechy, they are not: a Latin cross clechy would be elongated to base, with the clechy motif then applied to all four limb-ends. The crosses in this submission are crosses clechy with the bottom limb stretched into a long point; the base-most limb is not clechy. A cross clechy fitchy at the foot, based on Parker's example of the cross formy fitchy at the foot, would be a cross clechy; with a spike issuant from the center third of the base-most limb. We note that a cross formy fitchy at the foot is a period form of cross, though probably not with that exact blazon: see for example the Armorial de Gelre, fo. 62v, and the banner of Aragon. The crosses in this submission are not really blazonable, which is reason for return. In addition, without documentation for the form of the cross in this submission, it must be returned.

This resubmission addresses the reason for return by redrawing the crosses.


21: Østgarðr, Crown Province of -Resub Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 1984, via the East

Order of the Silver Sea-Lion

This Order name was returned on the January 2012 LoAR with the following explanation:

Østgarðr, Crown Province of. Order name Order of the Silver Sea-Lion.

The current Rules for Submissions say that the addition of an adjective to an already modified noun does not clear conflict. In this case Sea Lion is an already modified noun (although it may also be seen as a single word). As such, this conflicts with the registered Sea Lion Pursuivant. We note that if the draft rules are accepted, this will be clear of conflict.

Since the S.E.N.A. have been accepted and are now in place, the Crown Province is resubmitting the Order name. Under Section NPN.3.C, Order of the Silver Sea-Lion no longer conflicts with Sea Lion Pursuivant due to the addition of the descriptive.

The order name follows the pattern [color] + [heraldic charge] set out in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/ListingOfStandardForms.html#AllColorCharge).

According to the May 2009 Cover Letter: "Order names which follow the <color> + <charge> pattern must use the ordinary color term for a heraldic tincture appropriate for the language of the order name." According to the May 2008 Cover Letter "silver" may be used in an award or order name as "the ordinary color name of argent." The use of "silver" in award and order names was not eliminated when SCA-compatible names were eliminated, also in the May 2008 Cover Letter.

The sea-lion is a standard heraldic monster in the SCA repertoire, registered 172 times. "The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales" by Sir Bernard Burke (http://books.google.com/books?id=WmpmAAAAMAAJ) p. 922 reports that the Sherman family was granted a sea-lion as a crest by Henry VII of England.

If this Order name is registered, the badge Vert, in pale three sea-lions passant argent, registered to Østgarðr, Crown Province of in the January 2012 LOAR should be associated with this Order name.


22: Rebecca Tomasina da Venezia -New Name & New Device

Or, a mermaid and on a chief nebuly purpure three plates

Consulting herald: Harold von Auerbach

Rebecca is the submitter's legal given name. A photocopy of her driver's license was provided.

Tomasina is a female given name found in "Italian Names from Imola, 1312" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/imolafemalph.html)

Venezia is a place name found in "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532," edited by David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, and Anthony Molho (http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/ORIGIN.html). According to the Encyclopedia Britannica (1911) pp. 995-1005, "Venezia" is the Italian name for the city modernly known as Venice.

According to Appendix A to S.E.N.A. (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/sena.html#AppendixA), double given names are found in Italian, and the usual format for locative bynames is da + [placename].


23: Þóðrekr ógæfa -New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the East LoI of January 19, 2012 as submitted.

Per chevron gules and argent, in base two bears combattant barry sable and Or

Consulting herald: Harold von Auerbach


24: Vincenzo della Gazzada -New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Vincenzo is a masculine given name appearing in "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532," edited by David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, and Anthony Molho. *(http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/name1.html)

della Gazzada appears as a byname in "Milanese Notaries 1396-1635" by Maridonna Benvenuti (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/maridonna/milaneseNotaries/)


1911 Encyclopedia Britannica

Middle English Dictionary

[Brechenmacher] Brechenmacher, Josef Karlmann. Etymologisches Wörterbuch der Deutschen Familiennamen.

[R&W or Reaney and Wilson] Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames


OSCAR counts 7 Names, 1 Name Change, 1 Household Name, 5 Order Names, 11 Devices, 8 Badges, 1 Augmentation of Arms and 1 Correction of Name. There are a total of 35 items submitted on this letter.

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