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East ILoI dated 2012-05-02

To the heralds of the East and the Knowne Worlde, right trusty and well-beloved, I greet you oft times well,



Here it is, my first ILoI as Eastern Crown, having assumed the office on April 1st from the redoubtable Lillia de Vaux. Lillia remains as Diademe Herald, my deputy, to finish some projects and help me get my feet under me. Asa in svarta remains on staff as Blue Tyger Herald. I would also like to introduce Sean MacPherson as my additional Deputy, who is handling primarily tech support issues for now while he learns heraldry.



I urge newer heralds to try their hand at commenting. Even checking documentation to confirm that it says what the submitter thinks it says is helpful. For those who have been commenting all along, thank you for your investment of time and energy.



Your most humble and obedient servant,

Alys Eastern Crown

1: Anne Dokeianina Syrakousina -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: 'Old Item' should contain the former primary name. The form that is there is not a registered name.

Old Item: Anna Dauzzano da Siracusa, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (10th-11th cen. Byzantine) most important.

Consulting herald: Jake de Twelfoaks

No summary of the documentation was provided; the submitter simply provided photocopies of sources without explanations. Please keep in mind that having the submitters handle the mailing of the submissions does not relieve heralds from the responsibility for preparing the paperwork and summarizing the documentation properly.

Anna appears in "Personal Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine Era" by Bardas Xiphias (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/byzantine/fem_given_names.html) as a feminine given name dated to 1057.

The family name Dokeianos is documented with a print-out from the Foundations of Medieval Geneology website (http://fmg.ac/). The specific page is found at http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BYZANTINE%20NOBILITY.htm and contains the following assertions:

A seal dated to [1035] names "Romanos Dokeianos, spatharokandidatos and tourmaches"

Cedrenus records that "Michael patricius Doceianus" was killed in battle in Adrianople fighting the Pechenegs, dated to [1050][181]. He died in battle fighting the Pechenegs.] m ([1031]) --- Komnene, daughter MANUEL Erotikos Komnenos & his second wife --- ([1012]-). Her origin is deduced from the Alexeiad naming "Dokeianos, nephew of the former emperor Isaakios Komnenos and cousin of Alexios" when recording his approval of the humane treatment accorded to Roussel after his rebellion was crushed, dated to 1073[182].

The Alexeiad records that "Dokeianos, nephew of the former emperor Isaakios Komnenos and cousin of Alexios" approved of the humane treatment accorded to Roussel after his rebellion was crushed, dated to 1073

A seal dated to [1060] names "Eustathios Dokeianos, spatharokandidatos epi tou Chrysotriklinou and komes of the arithmos"

seal dated to [1050] names "Theodoros Dokeianos, patrikios"[186]. Nikeforos Bryennios names "per Paphlagoniam…Doceani Theodori vir nobilis…sanguineque Alexio coniuncti" (referring to Emperor Alexios I), explaining that "hic filius erat sororis patris illius"

Dokeianina is the feminine form of Dokeianos, based on the patterns set out in Bardas Xiphias' article above (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/byzantine/feminizing.html#feminizing_family_names)

The use of double family names is attested in Bardas Xiphias's article above (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/byzantine/structures.html#structures).

Academy of St. Gabriel Report 1150 attests to the creation of Byzantine family names based on place names, stating

Among the nobility,family names were very often based on place names. [5]

In your period, a locative family name (name based on location of residence would be quite appropriate. We're not exactly sure what the correct form for "of Valona" would be for a lady in your period, but judging from other examples we've seen, our best guess is <Valonina> "Valonian" or <Valonitissa> "of the people of Valona."

The cited footnote refers to:

Cheynet, Jean-Claude, "L'Anthroponymie Aristocratique a Byzance" in Bourin, Monique, Jean-Marie-Martin, and Francois Menant, eds., _L'Anthroponymie: Document de l'Histoire Sociale des Mondes Me/diterrane/ens Me/die/vaux_, Collection de l'E/cole Franc,aise de Rome, 226 (Rome: E/cole Franc,aise de Rome, 1996), pp.267-294.

The submitter asserts that Syrakousa is the Classical and Modern Greek name for Syracuse, Sicily based on a search of a database identified only as "SUDA." Unfortunately, the documentation is unintelligible to Eastern Crown.

Fortunately, Syrakousios appears as a masculine family name in the Prosopography of the Byzantine World Database (http://db.pbw.kcl.ac.uk/id/person/154727). Commenters are asked to advise as to the proper feminized form.

Correction (2012-May-14 10:05:27): The given name is intended to be Anna. I did proofread this. Really.


2: Ávaldr Valbjarnarson -New Device

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Ã?valdr Valbjarnarson in March of 2008, via the East.

Vert, two rams combattant argent and a bordure argent semy of hurts

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

I'm not sure why OSCAR has a problem, because the name in the O&A is clearly Ávaldr Valbjarnarson.


3: Caemnat ingen Dubain -New Name & New Device

Per fess argent and gules, in pale two lions dormant counterchanged

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (Irish Gaelic (pre-1200)) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Cáemnat appears before the colon in OCM p. 42 s.n. Cáemnat as a feminine given name and the same of two saints.

Dubán appears before the colon in OCM p. 78 s.n. Dubán as the name of a saint. Dubán also appears as a Middle Irish Gaelic masculine name in Mari ingen Brian's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Duban.shtml ) with Annals dates of 753, 758, 800, 805, 850, 900, 952.

ingen Dubáin uses the genitive of the father's name to form the patronymic; Dubáin does not lenite because it begins with a "D," as stated in "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names (3rd Ed.)" by Sharon Krossa (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#simplepatronymicbyname)

Subsequent to the forms being filled out, the submitter requested that the accents be omitted from the name. Accents can be omitted from Gaelic names as long as they are omitted throughout the name.


4: Chyldeluve de Norfolk -New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2008, via the East

Gules, a rose per pale argent and azure and an orle argent

Correction (2012-May-05 15:05:48): This is a resubmission of (Fieldless) A roundel gules charged with a rose per pale argent and azure, which was returned in the 5/03/2012 LoD for violating the ban on shield shapes in fieldless badges. By precedent:

If a charge can be considered a medium for heraldic display, it may not bear a tertiary in a fieldless badge: such a design is interpretable as a display of arms, with the tertiary as a primary. For instance, we don't permit (fieldless) On a lozenge argent a fleur-de-lys gules: since the lozenge is a medium for heraldic display, this looks like a display of Argent, a fleur-de-lys gules. Such arms-badge confusion is reason enough for return, even if the display in question doesn't conflict. In this case, the triangle inverted must be considered such a medium, comparable to the escutcheon, lozenge, or roundel. It may be considered either an early-style shield (Neubecker's Heraldry: Sources, Symbols and Meanings, p.76), or a lance-pennon [returned for this reason and also because the armory obtained by considering the badge displayed on a triangular shield was in conflict]. (Barony of Dragonsspine, March, 1993, pg. 25)

and

...Therefore, a "shield shape" which is also a standard heraldic charge will be acceptable as as a fieldless badge in a plain tincture, as long as the tincture is not one of the plain tinctures that is protected armory in the SCA. This explicitly overturns the precedent "We do not normally register fieldless badges consisting only of forms of armorial display, such as roundels, lozenges and delfs in plain tinctures, since in use the shape does not appear to be a charge, but rather the field itself" (LoAR January 1998).

Roundels are considered mediums for heraldic display. Therefore a charged roundel violates this long-standing precedent and the badge must be returned.


5: Connor Roe -New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2010, via the East

Bulwer of Kent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (Bull-war) most important.

Consulting Herald: Lillia de Vaux

Roger Bulwer is mentioned, dated 1609, in Eynford Hundred: Geystweyt or Geystwick, An Essay towards a topographical history of the county of Norfolk, vol. 8, pp. 218-222 (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=784528strquery=bulwer)

Kent is a locative byname found in Bardsley s.n. Kent; de Kent is dated to 1273-1379; Kent as an unmarked surname is dated to 1379, 1607 and 1623.

Correction (2012-May-04 09:05:10): Correction: Bulwer is being used as a given name consistent with the documented practice of using late 16th cen. and early 17th cen. English surnames as given names. Surnames are registerable as given names in late-period England [Alton of Grimfells, 4/2010 LoAR, A-East].


6: Dananir bint Tahir -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Arabic) most important.
Culture (Arabic) most important.

Consulting herald: Lillia de Vaux

All elements and the naming pattern for a one-generation nasab (X bint Y) are found in "Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices" by Da'ud ibn Auda (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm)

Dananir is a feminine ism or given name

bint Tahir is a patronymic byname or nasab meaning "daughter of Tahir." Tahir is a masculine ism or given name.

The name should be clear of Dananir bint Khalil (July 1992 via Atlantia) by the changes to the sound and appearance of the patronym


7: Declán mac Aedhagáin -New Name & New Device

Per pale Or and vert, a tree and in chief two falcons rising wings elevated and addorsed counterchanged

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Irish Gaelic) most important.
Culture (Irish Gaelic) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Declán is a header on p. 71 of OCM; this spelling is found before the colon in the header. This is a saint's name: Saint Declán founded the monastery of Ardmore, Co. Waterford.

mac = Gaelic for "son," used to form simple patronymic bynames.

Aedhagáin is found in the "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Brian (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Aeducan.shtml), as part the raw data in the entry for Áeducán / Aodhagán, with the following Annals excerpt dated to 863:

Luchairén, .i. athair Eceartaigh, mac Eoghain, mic Aedhagáin, mic Torbaigh, scribhnidh, & angcoire h-i c-Cluain Mic Nóis ["Luchairen (i.e. the father of Egertach), son of Eoghan, son of Aedhagan, son of Torbach, scribe and anchorite at Cluain Mic Nois"]


8: East, Kingdom of the -New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1973,

Order of the Silver Rapier

Azure, a rapier inverted and an orle argent

The order name follows the pattern [color] + [heraldic charge] set out in Juliana de Luna, "Medieval Secular Order Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/ListingofStandardForms.html#AllColorCharge). According to the May 2009 Cover Letter, "Order names which follow the <color> + <charge> pattern must using the ordinary color term for a heraldic tincture appropriate for the language of the order name." According to the May 2008 Cover Letter, "silver" may be used in an award or order name as "the ordinary color name of argent".

A rapier is both common heraldic charge and a term already in use for the registered award name Order of the Golden Rapier, registered to East, Kingdom of the in December of 1992 (via the East). In addition, dates the term rapier in English to the 16th century:

1550s, from M.Fr. rapière, from O.Fr. espee rapiere "long, pointed two-edged sword" (late 15c.), in which the adj. is of uncertain origin, perhaps from derisive use of raspiere "poker, scraper."

(http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=rapier&searchmode=none)


9: Emma Makilmone -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in September of 2012, via the East.

Old Item: Emma MacMen, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.

Emma MacMen was registered in May 2007 via the East. Emma is grandfathered to the submitter.

Makilmone is found in Black p. 545 s.n. Mac Munn, with this spelling dated to 1506.


10: Emma O Mallie -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Emma appears in "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html) with three instances noted.

O Mallie is a 16th or early 17th century Anglicized Irish (italicized) form found in Woulfe p. 594 Ó Máille


11: Endeweard, Shire of -New Heraldic Title

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1987, via the East

Heppin Pursuivant

Endeweard, Shire of was registered in January of 1987 (via the East).

This title follows the pattern [surname] + [heraldic title] found in RfS III.2.iii.b

Heppin is an English surname found in the IGI Parish Records extracts:

ANNA HEPPIN Female Christening 25 MAR 1589 Whitgift, Yorkshire, England Batch: P006021

ELIZABETH HEPPIN Female Marriage 24 OCT 1593 Whitgift, Yorkshire, England Batch: M006021


12: Gareth Grey de Wilton -New Alternate Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2005, via the East

Gaius Iulius Marinus

Gyronny of sixteen Or and gules, on a chief sable an annulet of chain Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning ("of the sea, mariner") most important.

Consulting herald: Elisabeth de Rossignol (Pennsic)

All elements are found in A Study of the Cognomina of Soldiers in the Roman Legions by Lindley Richard Dean (http://books.google.com/books?id=MF0KAAAAIAAJ). Gaius is mentioned as a praenomen at pp. 78 & 90. Iulius appears as a nomen at pp. 23, 24 & 314-15 (among other places). Marinus is found as a cognomen at pp. 69, 87 & 223.

Consulting herald: Cormac Mor (Pennsic)

The submitter was knighted on 1/28/2006 and thus can bear a gold chain on his armory.


13: Gianotta dalla Fiora -New Alternate Name Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 2004, via the East

Adelisa Salernitana

Old Item: Adeliza da Salerno, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for 11th century Latinized Italian, no changes to Adelisa.

Consulting herald: Markesa de Carvalhal

The submitter's primary name, Gianotta dalla Fiora, was registered in May of 2004 via the East. Her alternate name, Adeliza da Salerno, was registered in June of 2010 via the East. If the present name submission passes, she wishes to release Adeliza da Salerno.

Adelisa appears as a female given name in a Latin charter dated to 1083 reprinted in "Note di diplomatica normanna" in Bullettino dell'Istituto storico italiano per il Medio Evo e archivio muratoriano (1960) (http://books.google.com/books?id=8vXiAAAAMAAJ&q=Adelisa+Ruggeri&dq=Adelisa+Ruggeri&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Wjq GT-f9HKLY0QHKxc3iBw&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAA)

Salernitana - "Salternitanam" appears in the above article as an adjective describing a person or thing from Salerno. In addition, A Copious English-Latin Dictionary by William Smith and Theophilius Hall (1870) on p. 1003 s.n. Salerno lists the form "Salternitana." The submitter believes that Salernitana is the proper feminine form in Latin for a woman from Salerno. The submitter is willing to accept all changes to the byname necessary to make it authentic for an 11th century Latinized Italian byname indicating a woman from Salerno.


14: Hassan ibn 'Abd al-Malik -New Name & New Device

Sable, a lion passant maintaining a scimitar and on a chief Or a demi-sun gules

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Hassan appears as a masculine ism or given name in "Arabic Naming Practices and Period Names List" by Da'ud ibn Auda (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm).

'Abd al-Malik appears as a masculine ism or given name in the same article.

The pattern ism son of ism (example: Yusuf ibn Ayyub) appears in the same article.

The same name pattern and elements appear in "Andalusian Names: Arabs in Spain" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/andalusia.html), except the given name is spelled Hasan. The submitter prefers the two "s" transliteration.


15: Konrad Lowe von Ulm -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: 'Old Item' should contain the former primary name. The form that is there is not a registered name.

Old Item: Konrad von Ulm, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (Konrad) most important.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Konrad von Ulm was registered to this submitter in April of 2002 (via the East). These elements are grandfathered to the submitter.

Lowe is found in Bahlow (Gentry trans.) p. 296 s.n. Lau, which gives Claus Lowe (c. 1400). The submitter asserts that this surname means "lion."

The pattern [given name] + [surname] + [locative byname] is attested to in "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/nurnberg1497.html)

The submitter would prefer Konrad der Lowe von Ulm if this be documented. Any spelling of "Lowe" that has the meaning "lion" is acceptable. The pattern [given name] + der + [descriptive] + [locative] appears in "Some Early Middle High German Bynames" by Brian Scott (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/Early_German_Bynames.html): Gunter der Munech von Basele appears s.n. MÜNECH dated to 1262.


16: Maelgwn ap Cadwgan -New Name & New Device

Per chevron invected Or and sable, two smith's hammers sable and on a flame Or a salamander tergiant palewise sable

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Welsh) most important.
Culture (Welsh) most important.

Consulting herald: Alana O'Keeve

Maelgwn appears in Academy of St. Gabriel Report 2386 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/2386.txt), which states: "There were several prominent Welshmen named <Maelgwn> in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, and we believe that <Maelgwn> is an appropriate spelling for this period. [1, 2]" The cited footnotes are:

[1] Peter C. Bartrum, _A Welsh Classical Dictionary: People in history and legend up to about A.D. 1000_ (Aberystwyth: The National Library of Wales, 1993). <Maelgwn>.

[2] Thomas Jones, _Brut Y Tywysogyon_ (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1941).

Cadwgan appears as the modern form of a masculine given name in "A Simple Guide to Constructing 13th Century Welsh Names" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/welsh13.html). The period form listed in this article is Cadugan. Commenters are asked for assistance finding the submitted spelling in period.

The pattern [given name] + ap [father's name] is found in Tangwystl's above-cited article.

Consulting herald: Alana O'Keeve

This chevron is too low and shallow; it does not comply with the standards for a per chevron field division set out in the May 2011 Cover Letter (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2011/05/11-05cl.html). Eastern Crown will see about getting this redrawn as a courtesy to the submitter, rather than returning it.


17: Regan O Connolly -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Consulting herald: Alys Mackyntoich

Regan is a late 16th century English given name found in the IGI Parish Records (extracted):

DENYS REGAN Male Marriage 10 November 1552 Barnstaple, Devon, England Batch: M005741

By precedent, such surnames can be used as given names. [Alton of Grimfells, 04/2010, A-East]

O Connolly is an 16th or early 17th cen. Anglicized Irish (italicized) form found in Woulfe, p. 478 s.n. Ó Conghalaigh


18: Robert Dwe Makmyane -New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: 'Old Item' should contain the former primary name. The form that is there is not a registered name.

Old Item: Robert de Meinzies, to be released.

Robert de Meinzeis was registered to the submitter in Feb. 2011 via the East. Robert is grandfathered to the submitter.

Dwe is a descriptive byname found in "SCA Conflict Clearing for Highland Names" by Sharon Krossa (http://www.medievalscotland.org/names/sca/conflicthighland.shtml)

Makmyane is found in Black p. 545 s.n. Mac Munn, with this spelling dated to 1509.

The pattern [given name] + [descriptive byname] + [surname] in Scots is documented in Krossa's article cited above.

Correction (2012-May-09 13:05:17): Typo: The correct "old name" is Robert de Meinzeis


19: Sabina Luttrell -New Name & New Device

Azure, on a bend argent between two fleurs de lys Or four martlets palewise purpure

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound (unspecified) most important.
Culture (13th-14th cen. English) most important.

Consulting herald: Yosef Alaric

No summary of the documentation was provided; the submitter simply provided photocopies of sources without explanations. Please keep in mind that having the submitters handle the mailing of the submissions does not relieve heralds from the responsibility for preparing the paperwork and summarizing the documentation properly.

Sabina appears in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyHZ.html) s.n. Sabina with this spelling dated to 1186-1210, 1220, 1295 and 1303. Sabina also appears in "Names in the 1319 Subsidy Roll of London" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/femlondon1319.html).

Luttrell is the surname of Geoffrey Luttrell, patron of The Luttrell Psalter, commissioned some time between 1320 and 1340. (http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/sacredtexts/luttrellpsalter.html). "An Index to the 1332 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Lincolnshire, England" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/LincLSR/BynK.html) contains the dated spellings Luterel and Luterell'

Correction (2012-May-24 09:05:18): I've found the spelling <Lutterell> in 'Rymer's Foedera with Syllabus: April-June 1403', Rymer's Foedera Volume 8, pp. 299-311. (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=115142&strquery=Lutterell)

Consulting herald: Yosef Alaric

Note that the use of two fleurs de lys Or on an azure field is not presumptive of the arms of France. By precendent

There is no pretense problem with the use of two Or fleurs-de-lys on an azure field or charge. The strictures against the use of three or more Or fleurs-de-lys on an azure design element is due to the period practice of French augmentations that used the arms of France on an armorial element such as a charge or field. These augmentations were found using the ancient form of the French arms, Azure semy-de-lys Or, or the modern form, Azure, three fleurs-de-lys Or. An azure design element with only one or two Or fleurs de lys does not presume on these period augmentations. Per the LoAR of June 1995 p.13: "...It is thus the use of three or more fleurs-de-lys Or on azure which is restricted; not a single gold fleur on a blue field." [Davi d'Orléans, 07/2003, A-Caid]


20: Sigridh Bengtsdotter -New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2012, via the East

Vert, a dragonfly argent and on a chief wavy three violets proper

Consulting herald: Markesa de Carvalhal

Sigridh Bengtsdotter was registered on the Jan. 2012 LoAR.

This is a resubmission. Her original device, Quarterly vert and purpure, in bend two dragonflies bendwise, tails to center, and in bend sinister two violets argent, was returned on the Aug. 19, 2011 LoD for the following reasons:

The device has the appearance of marshalling three different arms, Vert, a dragonfly bendwise argent, Vert, a dragonfly bendwise inverted argent, and Purpure, a violet argent. Therefore, the device must be returned for violating RfS Section XI.3: "Period marshalling combined two or more separate designs to indicate descent from noble parents and claim to inheritance. Since members of the Society are all required to earn their status on their own merits, apparent claims to inherited status are presumptuous. Divisions commonly used for marshalling, such as quarterly or per pale, may only be used in contexts that ensure marshalling is not suggested."

It is also returned because the violets were not identifiable. There were no internal details, and the petals were disjointed such that commenters thought that they looked like pawprints. If the submitter wants to use a violet in a resubmission, she should use a species of viola that was present in Europe in period, e.g., heartsease (Viola tricolor) or sweet violet (Viola odorata).

This is a complete re-design.

Correction (2012-May-05 16:05:56): This should have been entered as a resubmission, as set forth in the text.


21: Tikaz Eõrsebet -New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.

Consulting herald: Mithgiladan

Tikaz appears to be a byname dated to 1588, found s.n. Ty{u/}k{a/}sz in Kázmér Miklós. "Régi Magyar Családnevek Szótára : XIV-XVII század". Magyar Nyelvtudományi Társaság, Budapest, 1993. (Dictionary of Early Hungarian Names: 14th-17th centuries) . Copies of the relevant pages were kindly provided by Kolosvari Arpadne Julia. I hope that Julia will also tell us what the entry says.

Eõrsebet is a given name appearing in "Hungarian Feminine Names" by Walraven van Nijmegen (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/magfem2.html), with this spelling dated to 1591.


22: Umm Yusuf Jayyida bint 'Abir -New Name & New Device

Per fess azure and vert, a fess between two cats couchant guardant argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.

Consulting herald: Dafydd Caerfyddin (Estrella War)

Umm Yusuf -- The name pattern Umm + [given name], meaning "mother of [given name]," is an honorific or kunya, as explained in "Arabic Names from al-Andalus" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/alandalus/). A kunya appears before the ism or given name. This name follows the pattern kunya + ism + nasab described in Juliana's above-cited article.

Yusuf is a masculine given name found in "Andalusian Names: Arabs in Spain" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/andalusia.html). In the transliteration Yūsuf, it also appears in "Arabic Names from al-Andalus" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/alandalus/mascism.html)

Jayyida appears as a female given name or ism in "Jewish Women's Names in an Arab Context: Names from the Geniza of Cairo" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/geniza.html)

bint 'Abir is a nasab or patronymic. 'Abir appears as a masculine name in "Jewish Names in the World of Medieval Islam" by Yehoshua ben Haim haYerushalmi and Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/Jewish/Cairo/cairo_men.html)

Consulting herald: Dafydd Caerfyddin (Estrella War)


Standard Bibliography:

[Bahlow] Bahlow, Hans. Deutsches Nameslexikon. (Gentry transl.)

[Black] Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland.

Kázmér Miklós. "Régi Magyar Családnevek Szótára : XIV-XVII század". Magyar Nyelvtudományi Társaság, Budapest, 1993. (Dictionary of Early Hungarian Names: 14th-17th centuries)

[OCM] Ó Corrain, Donnchadh & Maguire, Fidelma. Irish Names.

[Woulfe] Woulfe, Patrick. Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall: Irish Names and Surnames.


OSCAR counts 10 Names, 4 Name Changes, 2 Alternate Names, 1 Alternate Name Change, 1 Order Name, 1 Heraldic Title, 8 Devices and 3 Badges. There are a total of 30 items submitted on this letter.

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