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East LoI dated 2011-10-12

Unto SCA College of Arms, Laurel, Pelican, Wreath, and their staff, and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Asa in Svarta, Blue Tyger Herald.



The Eastern College herewith submits for approval and registration the following items, with our thanks

This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

1: Adalfara Drache - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 2011, via the East

Per pall inverted azure, purpure, and argent, two edelweiss flowers argent and a Maltese cross sable

Her original name, Edel Feurer Drache, was registered Jan. 2011 (East). A name change to Adalfara Drache is in progress, and appears on the East's July 2011 xLoI (http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=1053).

This device is a resubmission of a kingdom return, so is new to Laurel.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

2: Aibhilín Fhionn - New Name & New Device

Per pale embattled grady argent and sable, a sun in his splendor and an increscent counterchanged.

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Aibhilín is an Early Modern Irish Gaelic feminine name found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Aibhilin.shtml). It is found in the Annals in entries during years 1498-1583.

Fhionn is the lenited form of Fionn, an Early Modern Irish Gaelic descriptive byname meaning 'fair' in hair or complexion (ibid., http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/Fionn.shtml). It is found in the Annals in years 1260-1557. It has been lenited per Sharon Krossa, "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names", 3rd edn. (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#descriptivebyname).

Embattled grady is a period line of division [William de Molay, 04/2008, A-Ansteorra].


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

3: Arn bogsveigr Magnusson - New Name & New Device

Argent, two chevrons gules and overall a crequier vert

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Arn is an Old Norse personal name found in Fellows-Jensen, s.nn. Arn, Arni, according to the Viking Answer Lady website by Gunnvôr silfrahárr (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONNames.shtml).

bogsveigir 'archer' is a byname found in Geirr Bassi, p. 20.

Magnusson is a patronymic byname formed from the masculine given name Magnús (ibid., pp. 13 and 17).

By precedent, the accent can be dropped as long as it is done consistently throughout the name.

There is a fictional Knight Templar named Arn Magnusson (from the Crusades Trilogy by Jan Guillou). However, even if that name was worthy of protection (kingdom did not think it would be), the submitted name is clear by the addition of the third element.

Commenters asked if this device was equivalent to Chevronelly argent and gules, a crequier vert, which would make this device conflict with Orlando dei Medici (08/2003, East), Or, a crequier vert. The following precedents were cited:

[Chevronelly Or and gules.] Conflict with Clare, Earl of Gloucester, Or three chevrons gules (Important non-SCA armory). There is no difference between chevronelly and multiple chevronels. [Torfin de Carric, November 2001, R-Atlantia]

and

[Per pale and per chevron inverted vert and argent, a chevron inverted counterchanged.] This device is returned for redraw. As drawn this is indistinguishable from chevronelly inverted. It thus conflicts with the device of Eadan Munro, Per pale and chevronelly inverted gules and argent, with a single CD for changing the tincture of half the field. In this case all of the stripes are of equal width, which contributes to the chevronelly inverted impression. Making the chevron inverted narrower, so that each half of the chevron is significantly narrower than the portions of the field above and below the chevron, would probably be sufficient to allow registration of this motif. [Anna Katharine von Argenthal, 09/2006, R-East]

Consensus was that this device consisted of <solid field + ordinaries + overall charge>, not <divided field + charge>. As such, we are forwarding the device for consideration by the College.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

4: Aulus Gaius Primulus - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Aulus is a nomen found at Legion XXIV's website (http://www.legionxxiv.org/nomens/). However, it is also used as a praenomen in A study of the cognomina of soldiers in the Roman legions by Lindley Richard Dean (http://books.google.com/books?id=MF0KAAAAIAAJ, p. 158). Examples are the names <Aulus Baebius Clemens> and <Aulus Vitellius>.

Gaius is a praenomen found in Meradudd Cethin, "Names and Naming Practices in Regal and Republican Rome" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/roman/names.html), and in the list of Roman praenomens provided by Legion XXIV (http://www.legionxxiv.org/nomens/). In addition, Gaius is a praenomen noted as being used as a cognomen in Dean (op. cit., p. 78). Assistance justifying this name as a nomen is appreciated.

Primulus is a cognomen (Legion XXIV). It is also found as a cognomen in Dean (op. cit., pp. 42, 118, and 250).

Discussion of the tria nomina name pattern is found in Meradudd's article (op. cit., http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/roman/index.html).

The name was submitted as Gaulus Aulus Primulus, but was changed by the submitter's request. Aulus and Primulus are most important to the submitter. He indicated that his first choice is Aulus Gaius Primulus, his second choice Aulus Gauius Primulus, and his third choice Aulus Gaianus Primulus. For the latter choices, Gauius is a nomen found in 2nd-3rd century CE, in "The Inscriptions of Roman Tripolitania" by J. M. Reynolds and J. B. Ward-Perkins (http://irt.kcl.ac.uk/irt2009/indices/attested/gentilicium/attested_gentilicium-latG.html). Gaianus is a possible nomen and cognomen found on pp. 84 and 194 of Dean (op. cit.).

We note that the link to Meraddud's article is no longer found at http://heraldry.sca.org, so we can no longer retrieve or verify the information from that source.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

5: Belina la Cousturiere - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (spelling: given name must be Belina, byname can be changed) most important.

The authenticity box was not checked, but the documentation summary states that the submitter wishes her name to be authentic for a French woman, 1400-1500. The submitter notes, "Please change the pronoun [sic] or spelling of the by-name, if necessary, to mean 'Belina the dressmaker'."

Belina is the name of a saint from Troyes, canonized in 1202 (Catholic Online, "Saints and Angels", http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=3015).

la Cousturiere is a interpolated spelling based on la cousturière 'tailor or dressmaker', found in Colm Dubh, "Occupational By-Names in the 1292 Tax Role [sic] of Paris" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/parisbynames.html) and "An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/paris.html). The latter article gives the example <Ligart la cousturière>. Examples of capitalized occupational bynames are <la Provoste>, <la Prestesse>, and <la Navete> from Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Names in the 1292 census of Paris" (draft; http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf). Thus, the name was forwarded as submitted.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

6: Bjorn the Raven - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (spelling of Bjorn) most important.

Bjorn is a variant of Bj{o,}rn, a masculine name found in Geirr Bassi, p. 8. According to the Dec. 2010 Cover Letter, simplified versions of standardized Old Norse are registerable, so "...spellings like Bjorn will be registerable as Old Norse spellings".

the Raven is the lingua anglica form of the Old Norse nickname Hrafna- 'the raven', found in Geirr Bassi, p. 23. The submitter prefers the lingua anglica form to the entirely Old Norse Hrafna-Bjorn.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

7: Caine Ramsey - New Name & New Device

Per pall inverted sable, argent, and azure, in chief two talbots combattant counterchanged and in base a tower argent.

Caine is the given name of <Caine Crowe>, found in the IGI parish extracts from England, dated 1564 (batch P012771). It can also be justified as a surname used as a given name [Alton of Grimfells, 04/2010, A-East], as Cayne is a surname dated dated 1585 in Bardsley, s.n. Cain. Examples of the i/y switch in late-period England are found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/parishes.html): <William, Wyllyam, Willyam, Wyll>, <Richard, Rychard, Richerd, Rycherd>, <Nicholas, Nycholas>, etc.

Ramsey is found in Hitching & Hitching, 1601 (p. lvi) and 1602 (appendix, p. lxx).


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

8: Dougall Macdonald of Calder - New Name & New Device

Sable, a lion and on a chief embattled argent three mullets sable.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Dougall is found in Black, s.n. MacDougal, with <Dougall M'duill vc Ewin> dated 1647. This spelling is also found as the given name of <Dougall M'airthour> in Margaret Makafee, "Names from Papers Relating to the Murder of the Laird of Calder" (http://www.contrib.andrew.cmu.edu/~grm/calder.html). This article lists Scots-language renderings of Gaelic names between 1591 and 1596.

Macdonald is found as the surname of <Angus Macdonald> (ibid.).

Calder is a place name also found in the same article, as well as in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/calder-p.html), dated 1561, 1585, 1594, and 1601.

Commenters thought that the name is clear of Dughal MacDonnel (10/1991, Middle) and Dughall MacDhomhnuill (05/1990, Outlands) by the addition of a name element, and of Dughall MacDhomhuill of Cathanar (09/1992, Atlantia) because Cathanar and Calder are sufficiently different in sound in appearance.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

9: Drífa Bjarnardóttir - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2011, via the East

Azure, a polar bear dormant proper, a chief Or and a ford wavy proper

Her name is on the East's External Letter of Intent for June 16, 2011, under the header Drífa Bjarnordóttir. (The byname had a typo in the previous xLoI.)

Some commenters thought the bear was a wolf, but we are forwarding it nonetheless.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

10: Duncan Makgye - New Name & New Device

Azure, a chevron ermine between three boar's heads erased argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Duncan appears in "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/duncan.html), with this spelling dated 1379-1619.

Makgye is found in Black, s.n. MacKay, dated 1441-50.

Commenters thought this name was clear of that of Duncan McClay (04/1998, West) by the changes to the sound and appearance of the byname.

The device was redrawn with the submitter's permission in order to make the boar's heads sufficiently boarlike.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

11: Elise Morisot - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Elise is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Index of Names in the 1582 Subsidy Roll of London" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/engfemlondon1582.html).

Morisot is dated 1421 in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "French Names from Paris, 1421, 1423, & 1438" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/Paris1423surnames.html).

English and French can be combined without an SFPP [Engelbert the Pious, 12/2003, Middle].


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

12: Elizabeth Vynehorn - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in January of 2012, via the East.

Old Item: Muireann inghean ui Chormaic, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Meaning (spelling: Vynehorn or Vynehorne) most important.

Her current name was registered Oct. 2004 via the East.

Elizabeth and Vynehorne are both found in The Registers of Sturminster Marshall, Dorset: 1563-1812, p. 83 (http://books.google.com/books?id=MDYQAAAAYAAJ). An <Elizabeth Hushe> was married in 1573, and <Joane Vynehorne> in 1576 [the latter is also found in the IGI parish extracts in 1575]. The names do not appear to have been normalized.

Commenters thought that the spelling of the surname was plausible in late-period England. Examples of surnames both with and without the terminal -e include <Halliday(e) >, <Wyndow(e)>, <Hall(e)>, <Cicell(e)> and others, all found in "16th Century Gloucestershire Names" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/late16.html), and <Horn(e)>, found in the IGI Parish Extracts in the 16th and early 17th centuries.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

13: Gelleys Jaffrey - New Name

Gelleys is found in Sharon Krossa, "Early 16th Century Scottish Lowland Names", s.n. Giles (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/lowland16/menalpha.shtml). This spelling is dated to 1502 and 1521. This spelling has an asterisk, indicating that "...it was expanded from a non-diplomatic transcription which may have contained errors; unless the same spelling is also listed without an asterisk, these spellings are suspect from still indicate that some (possibly different) form of the name was used in the year(s) indicated". However, the spelling <Gelleis> is also found under the same header, dated 1513. As i/y switches are common in both English and Scots, the submitted spelling was thought to be plausible.

Jaffrey is found as a byname in The Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707, K.M. Brown et al., eds., St. Andrews, 2007-2011 (available online at http://www.rps.ac.uk/). It is found in a record of judicial proceedings with original Scots spellings dated 22 June 1623: "As also fynes him in the sowme of 5,000 merks to the said Alexander Jaffrey, baillie, and his said brother." Jaffrey is also found in R&W, s.n. Jaffray, dated 1450.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

14: Gilian de Dureham - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Gilian is a feminine given name found once in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Index of Names in the 1292 Subsidy Roll of London" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/enggivlondon1292.html), s.n. Gilian.

de Dureham is found in Bardsley, s.n. Durham, dated 1273.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

15: Hans Herkomer - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound (Unspecified) most important.
Language (Unspecified) most important.
Culture (Unspecified) most important.
Meaning (spelling: unspecified) most important.

Hans Herkomer is the 1386 name of a man named in Brechenmacher, s.n. Herkommer.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

16: Kolbrandr galti - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: filing name should not be registered for a primary name change. It was, in in January of 2012, via the East.

Old Item: Kolbrandr húslangr, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (Unspecified) most important.

The submitter's current name was registered Oct. 2006 via the East.

Kolbrandr is grandfathered to the submitter.

galti 'boar' is a nickname found in Geirr Bassi (p. 21) with a count of 1.

The name was submitted as KOLBRANDR GALTI. By precedent, descriptive bynames in Old Norse are not capitalized. This has been corrected.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

17: Livia di Roma - New Name & New Device

Gules, a demi-sun issuant from base and on a chief urdy Or three columbines purpure

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for unspecified.
Language (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.

The documentation summary indicated that the submitter wants a "Roman/Italian name", although these preferences weren't indicated on the part of the form with the checkboxes.

Livia a female given name in "Names from Sixteenth Century Venice" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thcvenice.html).

The locative Roma is mentioned twice in the Florentine Renaissance Resources Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532, David Herlihy, R. Burr, and Anthony Mohlo, eds. (http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/ORIGIN.html), and also is found in "Mercator's Place Names of Italy in 1554" by Maridonna Benvenuti (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/maridonna/mercator/).

Italian locative bynames can use the preposition di [Chiara Nicolosa di Battaglia, 06/2011, A-Caid], so the byname seems to be formed correctly.

There is no CD between embattled and urdy [Biringeira de Vascon çellos, 04/2001, R-Drachenwald] or between embattled and wavy [Irina Francesca degli Schiavoni, 02/1995, R-Meridies]. There is a CD between a sun and a demi-sun [Atenveldt, Kingdom of, 12/2002, R-Atenveldt], so this device should be clear of Gillian de Bordeaux (03/2010, Trimaris), Gules, a sun in splendor and on a chief embattled Or two gillyflowers slipped and leaved gules, and Magdalen MacKenzie (09/1997, An Tir), Gules, a sun in splendor and on a chief wavy Or three roses leaved gules.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

18: Lucia del Mar - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1994, via Trimaris

Azure, a peacock in its pride argent hurty.

Old Item: Sable, a hornless goat's head couped, a chief wavy Or, to be released.

The prior device was registered in June 1995, via Trimaris.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

19: Magnús hvalmagi - New Name & New Device

Or, a gurges gules and on a chief sable three barley sheaves Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (of the byname) most important.

Magnús is a masculine given name found in Geirr Bassi, p. 13.

hvalmagi 'whale-might' is a descriptive byname found on p. 23 (ibid.).

The device was redrawn with the submitter's permission to try to make the barley more identifiable.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

20: Magnús hvalmagi - New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2012, via the East

Magnus the Stout

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Magnús is found in Geirr Bassi, p. 13. The submitter prefers the name without the accent mark for the alternate name.

the Stout is a lingua anglica form of the Old Norse byname inn digri 'stout, fat', found on p. 20 of Geirr Bassi.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

21: May Dain de Bebyngton - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2011, via the East

Argent, a cross cotised sable between four torteaux


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

22: Novella Soranzo - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

Novella is found in Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor Vale, "Italian Renaissance Women's Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/italian.html).

Soranzo is found in Arval Benicoeur and Talan Gwynek, "Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/venice14sur.html#table), where it is noted as being descriptive or patronymic, and a shortened form of Superanzo or Superancio 'excellent, superabundant' that is also used as a given name.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

23: Østgarðr, Crown Province of - New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 1984, via the East

Order of the Silver Sea-Lion

Vert, three sea-lions passant argent.

The branch name Østgarðr, Crown Province of was registered 04/1984 via the East.

The order name follows the metapattern [color] + [heraldic charge] set out in Juliana de Luna, "Medieval Secular Order Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/ListingofStandardForms.html#AllColorCharge). According to the May 2009 Cover Letter: "Order names which follow the <color> + <charge> pattern must use the ordinary color term for a heraldic tincture appropriate for the language of the order name."

According to the May 2008 Cover Letter, "silver" may be used in an award or order name as "the ordinary color name of argent." The use of "silver" in award and order names was not eliminated when SCA-compatible names were eliminated, also in the May 2008 Cover Letter.

The sea-lion is a standard heraldic monster in the SCA reportoire, registered 172 times. Sir Bernard Burke, The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales (http://books.google.com/books?id=WmpmAAAAMAAJ, p. 922) reports that the Sherman family was granted a sea-lion as a crest by Henry VII of England.

The order name does not conflict with either Seleone, Barony of, Golden Sea Lion, Order of the (08/2000, Meridies) because "Silver" is different in sound and appearance from "Golden". It does not conflict with West, Kingdom of the, Sea Lion Pursuivant (08/1987, West) because of the addition of a new name element.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

24: Owyn Greenwood - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2004, via the East

(Fieldless) A pot bendwise sable winged argent.

His name and device, Quarterly vert and argent, two unicorns argent, were registered in Nov. 2004 via the East.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

25: Remy Delemontagne de Gascogne - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for 1600 Gascony, France.
Language (French, specifically Gascony 1600ish) most important.
Culture (French, specifically Gascony 1600ish) most important.

The submitter notes that he is "open for changes to the byname" but would like to keep Remy as a given name.

Remy and Delemontagne are found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Masculine Names from Artois, 1601" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/french1601.html).

Gascogne is a locative found in the title of "Discours veritable des victoires obtenues en Gascogne, tant en deffaicte, que prise de Villes & Chasteaux sur les heretiques" by the Marquis de Villars, published in 1589 (http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k79728w).

Double bynames (<inherited surname + locative>) are attested in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Names Found in Commercial Documents from Bordeaux, 1470-1520" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/bordeaux.html). (Remy is also found in this article, as a French given name and surname.)

The name is entirely in French, whereas Gascon, a dialect of Occitan, was spoken in Gascony. If the submitter wants a Gascon name, this is not authentic. However, it seems to be reasonable for late-period French.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

26: Sáerlaith ingen Taithlech - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Sáerlaith is a Middle Irish Gaelic feminine given name found in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Saerlaith.shtml), in year 969.

Taithlech is a Middle Irish Gaelic masculine given name found in Mari's Index (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Taithlech.shtml). Temporally and linguistically compatible forms of the name are found in the Annals for years 964, 966, 1095, 1134, 1182, 1188, 1192 (and later).

Simple patronyms used in women's names that begin with 'T' do not need to be lenited, per Sharon Krossa, "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#simplepatronymicbyname). The patronym should be in the genitive form. The Index does not give the genitive form of the Middle Irish Gaelic version of this name, so assistance finding this is appreciated. The submitter will accept all necessary spelling changes.

ingen is the spelling of 'daughter' in pre-1200 Irish orthography (ibid., http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#spelling).


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

27: Séigíne Ruadh Friseal - New Name & New Device

Quarterly argent and purpure, two harps gules.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (Scots/Gaelic) most important.
Culture (Scots/Gaelic) most important.

Séigíne is a header form in OC&M, which states that it's a masculine and feminine name, derived from séig 'hawk'. Bearers of the name include at least three saints, including the fifth abbot of Iona (d. 652), and Sts. Séigíne of Kilshine and Armagh, whose feast days are 21 January and 24 May, respectively. [Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Seigine.shtml), includes it as a masculine name, found in years 630-843. The submitted spelling is the standard Old Irish Gaelic nominative form.]

Ruadh is a descriptive byname describing one who has red hair (ibid., http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/Ruadh.shtml). Forms of the name are found in years 1039-1597. The submitted spelling is the standard Early Modern Irish Gaelic nominative form.

Friseal is an undated header form in Woulfe, which notes that it's an Irish and Scottish surname. Forms of the name include <Fresell>, <Frisell>, <Frizell>, <Frizzle>, <Fraser>, etc. It's from the Norman Frisel, 'the Frisian' (native of/belonging to Friesland). The spelling <Fresel> appears in the Dublin roll of arms, from 1216. [A dated form of Friseal was not found in either Woulfe or Black, s.nn. Frissell and Fraser.]

There is no temporal disparity because Seigine is a saint's name; however, there is a step from period practice for combining Old Irish Gaelic and Early Modern Irish Gaelic. Woulfe p. 288 s.n. Friseal has the 16th/17th cen. Anglicized Irish Form <Fresell>, so it is possible that a Gaelic form of the name was in use at the same time.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

28: Sigridh Bengtsdotter - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.

The submitter desires a Swedish feminine name with a patronymic last name based on the modern name Benedict.

Sigridh is from Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Swedish Feminine Given Names from SMP" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/swedish/smp/nameindex.html), dated 1350-1399, 1400-1449, 1450-1499, and 1500-1600. If necessary for registration, the submitter will accept the spelling <Sigrid>, dated 1400-1449 and 1500-1600 (ibid.).

The patronym is formed from the masculine given name Bengt, found in SMP, s.n. Benedikt (http://www.sofi.se/5187). This spelling is listed in the section on dative forms, dated 1423, 1441, and 1444, and an example in the nominative case is found dated 1396. The submitted spelling of the patronym is interpolated from the attested patronyms <Benctz dotter> (1491), <Benctzdotter> (1500), and <Bentsdotther> (1500) (ibid., s.n. Benedikta).


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

29: Smoking Rocks, Barony of - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2005, via the East

Argent, a whale haurient embowed sable within a laurel wreath vert

Old Item: Argent, a sperm whale sable within a laurel wreath vert (05/2005), to be retained as a badge.

The Barony's name was originally registered 03/1978, and the designator was updated 02/2005, both via the East. It has two devices currently:

Current arms: Argent, a sperm whale sable within a laurel wreath vert (05/2005)

Ancient arms: Argent, a sperm whale [Physete catodon] naiant sable and in chief a laurel wreath vert (03/1978).

If the present submission is registered, the Barony would like to retain the current arms as ancient arms. Commenters couldn't find a restriction on the number of devices that could be so designated, so it was not thought that this would be a problem.

The submitters provided documentation of period depictions of whales, including excerpts from the article "Sea Monsters" by Michon Scott (http://www.strangescience.net/stsea2.htm). The submission seems to be a reasonable interpolation from those depictions, when the conversion to stylized heraldic art is taken into account. For example, a depiction by Ambroise Paré in the 1573-1585 Des Monstres (http://www.strangescience.net/enlar/en_whalehack.gif) supports the presence of tusks, and multiple depictions included the spray from the blowhole.


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

30: Takiyama Yoshiatsu - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Japanese) most important.
Culture (Japanese) most important.

Takiyama is a constructed name from the elements Taki- and -yama, both found on p. 149 and p. 143 of NCMJ.

Yoshiatsu is similarly constructed from Yoshi- and -atsu, found on pp. 236, 294, and 295, and p. 296, respectively (ibid.). It is also found as a masculine nanori dated before 1601 in "Japanese Formal Masculine Given Names" by Solveig Throndardottir (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/solveig/nanori/nanoriy.html).


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

31: Talorc mac Tarain - New Name

The name elements and name construction are all found in Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn, "A Consideration of Pictish Names" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/pictnames/).

Talorc is found as the name of Pictish kings in the Index of Name Elements (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/pictnames/pict5.html#section5).

Tarain is a possible genitive form of Taran (following Gaelic name construction rules). Both Taran and Tarain are found in the Index of Name Elements (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/pictnames/pict5.html#section5).

The discussion of the source material at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/pictnames/pict2.html#section2 indicates that both Talorc and Taran were historical kings.

The construction [given name] mac [father's name] is also found in the discussion of the source material and in the section on using the data (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/pictnames/pict3_4.html#section3).


This item was on the 01-2012 LoAR

32: Þórmundr inn landverski - New Name & New Device

Per chevron argent and vert, two ravens respectant sable and a valknut argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Þórmundr is found in Nordiskt runnamnslexikon by Lena Peterson (http://www.sofi.se/servlet/GetDoc?meta_id=1472). The entry states:

Þórmundr mn.

Fda. Thormund, fsv. Thormund, fvn. Þormundr

F.l. ? Þór-/Þúr-, e.l. ? -mundr

Nom. þo(r)mu(t)r U1010, þurmontr U207, þurmunt Hs15, [þurmuntr]

U176‡ $ , þurmutR DR211

Gunnvöra Silfrahárr's unauthorized translation of the above entry states:

Þórmundr (masculine name). O.Dan.

Thormund, O.Swed. Thormund, OW.Norse Þormundr

First element ® Þór-/Þúr-, second element ® -mundr

Nominative: þo(r)mu(t)r U1010, þurmontr U207, þurmunt Hs15, [þurmuntr]

U176‡ $ , þurmutR DR211

inn landverski is an Old Norse byname meaning 'man from the country' that is found in Geirr Bassi, p. 25.


[Bardsley] Bardsley, Charles. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames.

[Black] Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland.

[Brechenmacher] Brechenmacher, Josef Karlmann. Etymologisches Wörterbuch der Deutschen Familiennamen.

[Fellows-Jensen] Fellows-Jensen, Gillian. Scandinavian Personal Names in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire.

[Geirr Bassi] Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name.

[Hitching & Hitching] Hitching, F. K. and S. References to English Surnames in 1601 and 1602.

[OC&M] Ó Corrain, Donnchadh & Maguire, Fidelma. Irish Names.

[NCMJ] Solveig Throndardottir. Name Construction in Mediaeval Japan.

[R&W] Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames.

[SMP] Sveriges medeltida personnamn (SMP).

[Woulfe] Woulfe, Patrick. Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall: Irish Names and Surnames.


OSCAR counts 22 New Names, 2 New Name Changes, 1 New Alternate Name, 1 New Order Name, 12 New Devices, 2 New Device Changes and 2 New Badges. These 42 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $126 for them. There are a total of 42 items submitted on this letter.

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