Outlands LoI dated 2018-04-30

From the Office of Rampart Herald

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a (Nicole Riviezzo)

rampart@outlandsheralds.org

Unto the Sovereigns and members of the College of Arms of the Society, does Khalidah bint Yahya'a, Rampart Herald send her greetings.

What follows is the April 2018 Letter of Intent for the Kingdom of the Outlands.

I would like to thank Green Anchor, ffride wlffsdotter, Michael Gerard Curtememoire, Magnus von Lübeck, Coblaith Muimnech, and all of the heralds who were kind enough to contribute to internal commentary on OSCAR.

It is my intent to register this April the following items from the Outlands' College of Heralds.

1: Brónach O Crowly - New Name & New Device

Gules, a dragon segreant Or between three dice argent marked sable

Sound most important.
Language most important.

[Brónach] - ACADEMY OF SAINT GABRIEL REPORT 1446 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/1446), dated 9th to 11 th Century; OCM, s.n. Brónach, m and f, 'sorrowful'. A rare early name. ; Brónach is a saint (feast day 2 April) widely revered. Kilbroney, County Down, is believed to get its name from Cell Brónche ("church of Brónach") (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Br%C3%B3nach)

[O Crowly] - Names Found in Anglicized Irish Documents: Women's Names, Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnglicizedIrish/Feminine.shtml); 16th & 17th Century Anglicized Irish Surnames from Woulfe, Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Woulfe/SortedByAnglicizedSpelling_O2.shtml)


2: Brónach O Crowly - New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Gules, a pale checky sable and Or between six dice argent marked sable


3: Conaire Ó Mongáin - New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and vert, a wolf rampant and in base a crescent Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Spelling most important.

Conaire: name found in "Irish Names" by D O' Corrain and F Maguire, Heading Conaire on page 56.

O' Mongain (accent over the a): O' Mongain is found in "The Surnames of Ireland"by MacLysaght on page 207, under heading Mangan.

Additional documentation provided by Coblaith Muimnech:

What date does OC&M give for "Conaire"? Does it say it's a nominative form? (Woulfe says it's genitive, and cites no period examples [http://www.libraryireland.com/names/men/conaire-conary.php].)

The standard Middle Irish Gaelic genitive form of "Mongán" is "Mongáin", according to Mari Elspeth nic Bryan's Index of Names in Irish Annals (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Mongan.shtml). The standard clan affiliation byname constructed from that would be "Ó Mongáin", per the information in Sharon L. Krossa's Quick and Easy Gaelic Names (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#clanaffiliationbyname). That would be a masculine Gaelic byname suitable to the 11th or 12th century.

Originally submitted as <Conaire O' Monga'in> it was slightly modified by Kingdom to <Conaire Ó Mongáin> based on the documentation provided by the submitter and by commentors.


4: Dafydd Morrison - New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in October of 1992, via the Outlands.

Santiago Rodriguez de Cadiz

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound most important.
Culture (Spanish) most important.

Santiago - SL Uckelman in S L Uckelman, ed. The Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources, Edition 2017 no 1. http: //dmnes,org/2017/1/name/Santiago.

Rodriguez - scaheraldry.org Julianna de Luna "Spanish names from the late 15th century" Patronymic surnames. http://heraldry.sca.org/names/isabella/patronymic.html

de Cadiz, locative : one of the oldest cities in Spain. See attached map drawn by William Borough (1536-1599) detailing Sir Francis Drake's attack on the city in 1587. Local names (Isla de Cadiz, Puerto Real) are rendered in Spanish, though the document is obviously English. (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:William_Borough_Sir_Francis_Drake_in_Cadiz.jpg)

Additional documentation provided by Michael Gerard Curtememoire:

Additional support for the locative in period Spanish: Ioan Bautista Suarez de Salazar Racionero en la Santa Iglesia de Cadiz, Grandezas, y antiguedades de la isla y ciudad de Cadiz, Cadiz: Clemente Hidalgo, 1610, https://books.google.com/books?id=UmnAAxd8Qr8C, title page.

Originally submitted as <Santiago Rodriquez de Cadiz> but it was determined there was a typo - which was confirmed by the consulting herald - so Kingdom updated the name to its correct form of <Santiago Rodriguez de Cadiz>.


5: Drozd Bykov - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Russian) most important.
Culture (Russian) most important.

Drozd - https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/predslava/bbl/men.html#Men's; meaning of thrush or blackbird

Bykov - http://www.goldschp.net/archive/zoonames.html; meaning of cow or bull


6: Erlendr Erlendsson - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Outlands LoI of March 30, 2018 as submitted.

Azure, a sea-serpent ondoyant Or between three valknuts argent

Originally appeared on the Outlands February 2018 ILoI (https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=5064). Kingdom pended the device to allow the emblazon to be adjusted as commentors noted the charges were very tiny. The new emblazons were provided by the submitter's local/submitting herald.


7: James Dubh MacPhearson - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Outlands LoI of March 30, 2018 as submitted.

Sable, between the attires of a stag's skull argent an apple Or


8: Jane Nora Carrik - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1996, via Atlantia.

Azure, in pale a hare attired of a stag's antlers riding a greyhound statant argent, collar and saddle blanket gules, reins Or

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=753/2018-04-29/22-36-44_jane1.jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=753/2018-04-29/22-36-47_jane2.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=753/2018-04-29/22-36-51_jane3.jpg
#4 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=753/2018-04-29/22-36-55_jane4.jpg
#5 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=753/2018-04-29/22-36-57_jane5.jpg


9: Kaidu Bukhatai - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Outlands LoI of March 30, 2018 as submitted.

Argent masoned sable, a bull rampant gules

Originally appeared on the Outlands February 2018 ILoI (https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=5064). Kingdom pended the device to allow the emblazon to be adjusted as commentors noted it would/could benefit from having the charge larger. The new emblazons were provided by the submitter's local/submitting herald.


10: Karen of the Golden Oak - New Device

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Azure, a thistle argent within eight oak leaves in annulo Or

Karen of the Golden Oak was registered in July of 2017 (via the Outlands)


11: Káta of Rivenoak - New Name & New Device

Vert, a sheaf of arrows and on a point pointed argent a paw print sable

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Káta: http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/3143.txt

af: https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/lindorm/runicbynames/places.htm#start (please see Sveinn af Lundi, for Sveinn of Lund)

Rivenoak: http://oanda.sca.org/oanda_name.cgi?p=Rivenoak%2c%20Shire%20of

Documentation assistance provided by ffride wlffsdotter:

St Gabriel Report no. 3143 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/3143) says in part that Káta is a feminine name, and... "The standardized Old Norse form of the given name is <Ka/ta>, where the slash stands for an acute accent over the preceding letter. This name is known only from a couple of Viking age runic inscriptions, one from the first half of the 11th century and the other from about 1100. [1, 2]" [1] Peterson, Lena, "Nordiskt runnamnslexikon" (WWW: Institute for Dialectology, Onomastics and Folklore Research, 2001); s.n. <Ka:ta>. http://www.sofi.se/SOFIU/runlex/ [2] Uppsala University Department for Scandinavian Languages, "Samnordisk runtextdatabas" (WWW: Uppsala universitet, 29 Oct 1997); s.n. <Kata>. http://www.nordiska.uu.se/forskn/samnord.htm [signa DR 277 and Vg 79].

Originally submitted as <Káta af Rivenoak> but was changed by Kingdom to <Káta of Rivenoak> as <Rivenoak> is a Shire in the Kingdom of the West and falls under the rules of the Branch Name Allowance.


12: Lothar le Sauvage - New Name & New Device

Vert, a mountain and in sinister canton a mullet of seven points argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No changes.

Lothar: can be found in Aryanwhy verch Catmael's "Masculine & Feminine Names from the Carolingian Line c.700-c.900 AD" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/other/carolingian.html).

Lothar is a masculine given name found in Bahlow, p.311. Also Lother. Germanic, meaning famed army. "Empire of Lothar II." (p.184). Online Encyclopaedia Britannica (http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/348497/Lothar-II) cites: Lothar II (or III), also spelled Lothair (b. early June 1075--d. Dec. 3/4, 1137, Breitenwang, now in Austria), German king (1125-37) and Holy Roman emperor (1133-37).

de Sauvage: The New Catholic Encyclopedia (second edition, Vol. 6, pg. 109) mentions Jean de Sauvage who died in 1518.

Geneanet.org shows a family tree for Guillaume de Sauvage who was born before 1490. Sources: http://ghhv.quetroi.net/74LEHAINAM/Gale%20Group%20The%20New%20Catholic%20Encyclopedia%202nd%20Vol%20 6%20(Fri-Hoh).pdf; https://gw.geneanet.org/zardoz?lang=en&p=guillaume&n=de%20sauvage

Additional documentation and assistance from Michael Gerard Curtememoire:

For the submitted <de Sauvage>, we'd need to find either a period example, on which I'm coming up dry (the 19th-c. Belgian politician Etienne de Sauvage doesn't help, nor are there any hits in period Google Books), or a place named <Sauvage>. https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sauvage_(homonymie)#Toponymes offers only a Château de Sauvage, two cases of a Lac Sauvage, and a Rivière Sauvage, but no place with the simple name in modern French, and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sauvage just Les Sauvages, a commune (confirmed by the French version).

However, if submitter on being contacted will permit <Lothar le Sauvage>, I think that's documentable.

Lothar: Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Carolingian Masculine & Feminine Names from c.700-c.900 AD", http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/other/carolingian.html. The current DMNES, dmnes.org/name/Lothar, has it only as the headword form, though presumably reflected as Latin Lotharius in several German records.

le Sauvage: Sara L. Uckelman, DRAFT: Bynames in Medieval France, http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/frenchbynames.pdf, le Sauvage 1292, Le Sauvage, 1390 etc.

The submitting herald was able to contact the submitter during the ILoI and commented the submitter was willing to change the name from <Lothar de Sauvage> to <Lothar le Sauvage> if "it had a better chance of passing" so Kingdom made the change.


13: Murdoch MacAlister - New Name & New Device

Per saltire sable and gules, a hand argent goutty gules

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Culture most important.

Murdoch - Black "Surnames of Scotland" s.nn. Murdoch (Murdock) and Murdochson (Murdoson); note spellings of the name as follows: "Murdoch, second duke of Albany executed in 1425"; "Murdachsone 1484"; "Murdachsoun 1500"; "Walter Murdac ... Murdoch was a person of prominence in the reign of William the Lion" [William I. King of Scots. Reign, 9 December 1165 - 4 December 1214] shows this to be a viable early 12-15th century spelling of the name as either a first or surname.

MacAlister comes from the Scots Gaelic family name MacAlasdair (undated in Black pp449-450, s.n. Macalaster and also in Reaney and Wilson 2nd ed. p290 s.n. Macalaster.


14: Servius Cassius Caledonius Ahenobarbus - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Roman, Caledonius most important) most important.
Culture (Roman, Caledonius most important) most important.

Servius- Servius Cornelius Scipio Salvidienus Orfitus was a Roman senator and a consul of Rome in the year 51. http://www.biographies.net/bio/m/0k0pwpq

Cassius- Gaius Cassius Longinus, (flourished 1st century ad), prominent Roman jurist, a pupil of the famous jurist Massurius Sabinus, with whom he founded a legal school. Cassius was consul in ad 30, proconsul of Asia in 40-41, and governor of Syria in 45-49. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gaius-Cassius-Longinus-Roman-jurist

Caledonius - "A Study of the Cognomina of Soldiers in the Roman Legions" by Lindley Richard Dean (http://books.google.com/books?id=MF0KAAAAIAAJ) at p. 280 lists Caledonius Secundus. The formation suggests that Caledonius is a nomen.

Ahenobarbus- Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus (c. 49 BC-25 AD) was the son and only child of consul Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Aemilia Lepida. His mother was a paternal relative of the triumvir Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. His paternal grandmother was Porcia Catonis (sister to Cato the Younger).[1] https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Lucius%20Domitius%20Ahenobarbus%20(consul%2016%20BC)&item_type=topic

Additional information from Michael Gerard Curtememoire & Magnus von Lübeck:

Lindley Richard Dean, A Study of the Cognomina of Soldiers in the Roman Legions (thesis, Princeton, 1916), https://books.google.com/books?id=MF0KAAAAIAAJ, p. 107, notes <Aurelius qui et Septimium Constantius> as having two nomina, not quite the pattern here, (https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1706/2018-04-10/21-55-03_Two_nomina_Dean.PNG). It may be hoped that someone at Laurel level has access to the source text for its "several [other] names of this kind"! Arthur Ernest Gordon, Illustrated Introduction to Latin Epigraphy, (U California, 1983) tells us on p. 22, n. 71, of <G. Silius A. Caecina Largus>, which apparently has another praenomen in the middle, image (https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1706/2018-04-10/21-55-04_Two_nomina_Gordon.PNG) from https://books.google.com/books?id=ywI6SDUggk4C. (I'm ignoring the Sabine practice of two nomina gentilicia without a praenomen as being much less help.)

Caledonius Secundus was a centurion on Hadrian's Wall. https://romaninscriptionsofbritain.org/inscriptions/1854#RIB; https://romaninscriptionsofbritain.org/inscriptions/1679#RIB There are doubts about what the name represents. It could be a cognomen or an agnomen or nomen. It could also be a location name for the centurion's unit. http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=26296


15: Thorgrimr of Rivenoak - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Sound most important.

Thorgrimr: ACADEMY OF SAINT GABRIEL REPORT 1736 http://www.s-gabriel.org/1736; ACADEMY OF SAINT GABRIEL REPORT 3090

http://www.s-gabriel.org/3090

af: https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/lindorm/runicbynames/places.htm#start (please see Sveinn af Lundi, for Sveinn of Lund)

Rivenoak: http://oanda.sca.org/oanda_name.cgi?p=Rivenoak%2c%20Shire%20of

Originally submitted as <Thorgrimr af Rivenoak> but was changed by Kingdom to <Thorgrimr of Rivenoak> as <Rivenoak> is a Shire in the Kingdom of the West and falls under the rules of the Branch Name Allowance.


16: Tiberius Aurelius Albinus - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Language (Roman latin) most important.
Culture (Roman latin) most important.

Tiberius: Praenomen per A Simple Guide to Imperial Roman Names at http://heraldry.sca.org/names/roman.html#praenomen

Aurelius: Nomen per A Simple Guide to Roman Names at http://heraldry.sca.org/names/Roman.html#nomen

Albinus: Cognomen. The name of the main branch of the patrician gens Postumia, original form of the name means 'white'. Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus, one of the assassins of Julius Caesar, died 43 BC. Also listed at common Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire during the 6th and 7th centuries at http://heraldry.sca.org/names/byzantine/PLRE_masc_names.html


Thus ends the April 2018 Letter of Intent for the Kingdom of the Outlands.

In Service,

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a

Rampart Herald


OSCAR counts 9 New Names, 1 New Alternate Name, 10 New Devices and 1 New Badge. These 21 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $84 for them. There are a total of 21 items submitted on this letter.