Outlands LoI dated 2018-01-29

From the Office of Rampart Herald

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a (Nicole Riviezzo)

rampart@outlandsheralds.org

Unto the Sovereigns and members of the College of Arms of the Society, does Khalidah bint Yahya'a, Rampart Herald send her greetings.

What follows is the January 2018 Letter of Intent for the Kingdom of the Outlands.

I would like to thank Green Anchor, ffride wlffsdotter, Magnus von Lübeck, Michael Gerard Curtememoire, Iago ab Adam, Maridonna Benvenuti, and all of the heralds who were kind enough to contribute to internal commentary on OSCAR.

It is my intent to register this January the following items from the Outlands' College of Heralds.

1: Aarquelle, Barony of - New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Award of the Sun and Mountain of Aarquelle

Azure, a sun and a mountain of three peaks Or

This award name follows the pattern of [award] + [heraldic charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Sun - The Mistholme Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry states: The sun is a heavenly body, the day star around which the planets revolve. It began to be used as an heraldic charge early, in the arms of de la Hay, c.1255 [ANA2 550]. http://mistholme.com/?s=sun

Mountain -- The Mistholme Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry states: A variant of a mount is the "mountain", representing a mountain instead of a hill. The mountain is usually drawn more naturalistically, with rocky crags and a peak; the exact details are not blazoned. It too is period, in the canting arms of di Monti da Cara, mid-15th C. [Triv 235]. Like the mount, it is issuant from base unless otherwise specified.

There was a long discussion about conflicts, rulings, and definitions versus this badge on the Internal Letter (https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=4961), Item #1 --

GoM (GA): Vs. Wendryn Townsend, reg. 1/73: "Azure, a sun in glory Or", I see just the one DC for the mountain.

MvL: It would also conflict with Paul of Sunriver. The following device associated with this name was registered in August of 1982 (via the West): Azure, a compass star Or.

MGC: Both these proposed conflicts consider the mountain to be a secondary charge. http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2017/03/17-03lar.html#30, Juan Miguel Cezar, specifically allows mountains issuant from base as primary charges. I would think that would extend to treating them as a co-primary. Certainly that is the impression given by the relative prominence of the sun and the mountain here, and the submitted blazon can be taken to support it. If so, under SENA there is a Substantial Change for number of primary charges from the cited devices. I urge the Barony to ask Rampart to support this argument in order to preserve this bold, simple badge, and hope our Sovereigns will so rule. But I believe the choice of being a test case should be left up to them.

MvL: This is the most recent return of this design under SENA. [March 2015 LoAR, R-Middle] North Woods, Barony of the. Badge. Azure, a sun Or within three wolves courant in annulo legs outward argent. {This badge is returned for multiple conflicts. It is in conflict with the device of Paul of Sunriver: Azure, a compass star Or and that of Wendryn Townsend: Azure, a sun in glory Or. In each case, there is only one DC for adding the secondary wolf group.} I think this has no chance of being registered. The following items make it clear that a base, a point pointed, and a mount issuant from base are always peripheral charges and are always a secondary charge group. Does anyone see any loopholes that would avoid conflict? From the SCA CoA Glossary s.n. Peripheral Charge Group - A charge or group of charges that are placed on the field near the edge of a piece of armory without affecting the rest of the design. Peripheral charges include (but are not limited to): the chief, the bordure, the base (including the point pointed), the quarter, the canton, the gyron, the orle, the double tressure, and flaunches. Gores and gussets are not peripheral charges (because they extend so far into the center of the field). Peripheral charges are never primary charges, even if they are the only charges on the field. Peripheral Charge Groups are a type of secondary charge group. [December 2013 Cover Letter] From Wreath: Gores and Gussets (and Tierces) A plain base, also known as a point plain or a base point, is a widely used variant of a mount, and is certainly still registerable. (https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=54/2018-01-16/18-30-28_T-juan_miguel_cezar_badge_color_recolor _crop.jpg)

MvL: I wonder how Wreath weighed past rulings and our own heraldic documents when issuing the Juan Miguel Cezar ruling (shown below). Also Juan's mountain is clearly primary while this submission is clearly a peripheral charge. (https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=54/2018-01-16/18-30-28_T-juan_miguel_cezar_badge_color_recolor _crop.jpg)

MGC: In the Cezar ruling, our Sovereigns explicitly weighed and cited "evidence ... recently come to light" in partially overturning past rulings (and perhaps some of our heraldic documents). I don't believe "clearly a peripheral charge" is true here. I note that http://mistholme.com/dictionary/mount-mountain/ declares a mountain to be "a variant of a mount ... representing a mountain instead of a hill". I don't think that clearly shows Batonvert holding they must be treated identically. Further, http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2013/10/13-10lar.html#86, Giliana Ravenild, holds that "There is no difference between Eugene's mount of six peaks, which is issuant from base, and Giliana's trimount couped. ... in period the two were used interchangeably." If, as I believe, and hope Lord Magnus will agree, the hypothetical [Tincture], a trimount couped [tincture] has a single primary charge, then I believe it is at least arguable that this badge has two co-primary charges. Given this, I don't find Appendix I makes things clearer.

MvL: This means the issue will have to be sent up for a ruling from Wreath to clarify. Some of our defined terms would need to be rewritten and some very old precedents explicitly overturned.


2: Aarquelle, Barony of - New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Order of the Eagle and Sun of Aarquelle

Azure, a winged sun Or within a bordure wavy argent

This order name follows the pattern of [Order] + [heraldic charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Eagle - The Mistholme Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry states: The eagle is the monarch of the birds, the medieval symbol of majesty and vision (literally and figuratively). It is thus a frequent charge in medieval armory, dating from the earliest heraldic records, as in the arms of the Kingdom of Germany, c.1244 [ANA2 193]. More than any other bird of heraldry, it is drawn in a highly stylized manner: with a crest, ruffled feathers, and ornate wings and tail. German emblazons may add klee-stengeln, wing-bones, and they are sometimes explicitly blazoned; they are considered artistic details. http://mistholme.com/?s=eagle

Sun - The Mistholme Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry states: The sun is a heavenly body, the day star around which the planets revolve. It began to be used as an heraldic charge early, in the arms of de la Hay, c.1255 [ANA2 550]. http://mistholme.com/?s=sun

Originally submitted as <Order of the Eagle of the Sun> but commentors quickly noted that 'Eagle of the Sun' did not fit the pattern provided in the documentation. The submitting herald asked for a change to <Eagle and Sun of Aarquelle>.


3: Aarquelle, Barony of - New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Order of the Silver Fletching

Azure, in fess three arrow fletchings argent

This order name follows the pattern of [Order] + [color] + [heraldic charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Silver -- The May 2008 Cover Letter states: "Silver in order and award names: The August 2005 cover letter says that 'orders named for heraldic charges or for items that, while not found in period as heraldic charges, may be used as heraldic charges...may contain the ordinary color names of any heraldic tincture.' This includes the use of Silver as the ordinary color name of argent." (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2008/05/08-05cl.html)

Fletching: The Mistholme Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry states: The "arrow fletching", the feathered end of the shaft, is found in the Mon of Hatori Masanari, d.1596 [Hawley 54]; but as such fletchings are indistinguishable from European arrow fletchings, they are blazoned without qualification. http://mistholme.com/?s=fletching


4: Aarquelle, Barony of - New Order Name & New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Order of the Star and Compass of Aarquelle

Azure, on a mullet of six points argent a compass sable, a mountain of three peaks argent

This order name follows the pattern of [Order] + [heraldic charge] found in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Star -- The Mistholme Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry states: The term "star" was once used in Society heraldry as a synonym for "mullet", particularly in the phrase "stars au naturel": mullets of various sizes and shapes, so as to represent actual heavenly bodies. http://mistholme.com/dictionary/star/

Compass - The Mistholme Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry states: A compass is a mathematical instrument used for drawing arcs of circles. It consists of two straight pointed legs joined by a pivot at one end. The compass is a period charge, found in the arms of the Worshipful Company of Carpenters, 1466 [Bromley & Child 40]; it's sometimes termed a "pair of compasses" in modern parlance. http://mistholme.com/dictionary/compass/


5: Ainsley Quinn - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Outlands LoI of June 30, 2017 as submitted.

Per fess purpure and Or, a Catherine's wheel and a horse statant counterchanged

The previous submission, Per fess purpure and Or, a Catherine wheel and in annulo three horses statant joined at the forehooves counterchanged, was returned on the September 2017 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2017/09/17-09lar.html#Outlands_returns20) with the following: {This device is returned for violation of SENA A3D2c, which requires that "The charges within a charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation (in cross, combatant, or in pall points outward, for example)." The Catherine wheel and horses are all in the same primary charge group, but the horses are arranged in annulo separately from the wheel. There is a step from period practice for having charges in annulo that are not in their usual upright orientation.}


6: Argyle MacGrigour - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 2014, via the Outlands.

Lozengy Or and purpure, on a chief purpure three frets couped Or


7: Cassandra Mouzalon - New Name & New Device

Per chevron inverted purpure and argent, two key crosses and a butterfly counterchanged

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound (cas-SAN-dra MOUZ-alon) most important.
Culture (12th-14th century Byzantine) most important.

Cassandra - S.L. Uckelman. "Cassandra". In S.L. Uckelman, ed. The Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources, Edition 2017, no. 1.http://dmnes.org/2017/1/name/Cassandra, Italian dated to 1514

Mouzalon - "A Short (and rough) Guide to Byzantine Namesfor SCA personae", 08 December 2011, Saint Gabriel's, page 4, dated from the 11th -15th C http://ynysfawr.lochac.sca.org/files/pdf/Byzantine-Names.pdf

Additional documentation provided by ffride wlffsdotter & Maridonna Benvenuti:

f.w.: Personal Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine Era by Bardas Xiphias (Berret Chavez) has as a family name:

Mouzalon, 11th century (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/byzantine/family_names.html); Prosopography of the Byzantine World sn. Nikolaos 20217 has: Nikolaos Mouzalon, late 12th century. (http://db.pbw.kcl.ac.uk/pbw2011/entity/person/155300); Bardas also notes that the feminised form of a family name ending in -on is -ina. Hence, Mouzalina. (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/byzantine/feminizing.html#feminizing_family_names) So, that gives us a 300-year window, between ~1150 and 1450 CE, to find a form of Cassandra that's in a compatible language. Sadly, I can't find anything close in Greek, but there might be something in Italian? (It depends on how "late" "late 12th century" is.) Names from 15th and 16th Century Pisa by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) has: Cassandra, feminine name, dated 1460 at the earliest. (http://heraldry.sca.org/kwhss/2014/Juliana_de_Luna/Names_from_15th_and_16th_Century_Pisa.pdf); 15th Century Names from the Veneto Region by Maridonna Benvenuti (Andrea Hicks) has: Cassandra, feminine name, some time between 1425 and 1505. (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/drafts/veneto.html) But I'm not sure if that is close enough. It certainly doesn't fulfil the submitter's wish for a Byzantine (Greek?) name. Ah, the Academy of Saint Gabriel have saved our bacon, with the compatibility issue: ACADEMY OF SAINT GABRIEL REPORT 3383 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/3383)

"Here are names we found beginning with the letter C that occurred in southern Italy.... These names beginning with C appeared in the 12th century: [4][5] ... <Cassandra> ... The references are: [4] Skinner, Patricia. "And Her Name Was...?": Gender and Naming in Medieval Southern Italy. Medieval Prosopography, Vol. 20 (1999). [5] Maridonna Benvenuti, "Feminine Names in Southern Italy" (WWW: Self-published, 2001) http://www.maridonna.com/onomastics/FEMSI/FEMSIintro.htm

M.B.: The Megala Allagia and the Tzaousios : Aspects of Provincial Military Organization in Late Byzantium by Mark C. Bartusis, p. 87 mentions Theodore Mouzalon landowner on the Chalkidike killed by the Turks in 1355. http://www.persee.fr/doc/rebyz_0766-5598_1989_num_47_1_1812

f.w.: Thank-you Maridonna. (You also have inadvertently highlighted an issue I was having with finding examples of the given name -- Kassandra is the name of one of the peninsulas of the Chalkidike. I suspect it's named after the city of Kassandreia.)

M.B.: I noticed that myself. I would prefer to find Kassandra as a Greek given name in her desired centuries but I've had problems finding it. It is a mythological name. The latest the LGPN has for Kassandra is v-vi AD in Thessalonike. http://clas-lgpn2.classics.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/lgpn_search.cgi?name=%CE%9A%CE%B1%CF%83%CF%83%CE%AC%CE%B D%CE%B4%CF%81%CE%B1 There is also a Leon Mouzalon dated to the middle of the 11th C. at the PBW. http://db.pbw.kcl.ac.uk/pbw2011/entity/person/154305


8: Christopher Blackwood - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 1993, via the Outlands.

Per bend embowed to base gules and sable, an oak tree Or and a bordure Or semy of oak leaves sable


9: Denise of Amberley - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 1999, via the Outlands.

Sable, a goutte d'eau within a serpent in annulo vorant of its tail Or


10: Fionnait MacPherson - New Name & New Device

Per bend azure and argent, a hedgehog attired with a stag's horns within an orle Or

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound (Fiona, scottish) most important.
Language most important.
Culture most important.

Fionnait - Effric neyn Kenyeoch Vc Harrald, "Concerning the Name Fiona" (WWW: Sharon L. Krossa, 2002) [http://www.medievalscotland.org/problem/names/fiona.shtml] states that masculine Gaelic given names, including the masculine color-based name <Finn> (Early Gaelic) or <Fionn> (later form), meaning "white, fair", could be made into feminine form by using the Gaelic feminine suffixes -nat and -sech (Early Gaelic) or -nait and -seach (later forms). The forms given based on <Finn>/<Fionn> are: Concerning the Name Fiona - Medieval Scotland http://www.medievalscotland.org; Fiona (pronounced fee-OH-nah ) is a given name that was invented in the 19th century by Scottish author William Sharp (1855-1905), who used it for his pen-name ...; Early Gaelic: Finnat (pronounced roughly FIN-ahtch) and Finnsech (pronounced roughly FIN-shehkh); Later forms: Fionnait (pronounced roughly FIN-ahtch or FYUN-ahtch) and Fionnseach, (pronounced roughly FIN-shehkh or FYUN-shehkh).

[MacPherson]: Black, Surnames of Scotland, p. 557, under the header MACPHERSON, mentions that "a small sept of Campbells ... in the fourteenth and fifteenth century bore the name Macpherson", and several similar spellings are dated, such as Malcolm McPhersone (1556), Donald Macpherson (1420), Makfarson (1481), etc.


11: Fontaine dans Sable, Barony of - Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2004, via the Outlands.

Sable, an hourglass Or within eight fleurs-de-lys in annulo bases outward argent

This submission is to be associated with Order of the Houre Glass

The previous submission, Sable, an hourglass Or within eight fleurs-de-lys in annulo bases outward argent, was returned on the 2010 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2010/09/10-09lar.html) with the following: {This device is returned because the hourglass is depicted in trian aspect. Having a three-dimensional appearance has long been grounds for return. While certain charges (wedges of cheese, dice, etc.) require trian aspect to be recognizable, the hourglass is not among them.}


12: Godricke Friis - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2016, via the Outlands.

Per pale sable and gules, a polypus within a bordure Or


13: Joseph Grimm - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 2013, via the Outlands.

Per pall argent, vert and purpure, a jester's cap argent and in chief a fracted sword fesswise reversed sable


14: Muirenn ingen Uí Thaidc - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2016, via the Outlands.

Azure, on a chevron inverted argent two sprigs of catmint joined at base azure and in chief a cat's face argent

The previous submission, Azure, a chevron inverted between a cat's face and two sprigs of catmint in pile argent, was returned on the May 2017 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2017/05/17-05lar.html#Outlands_returns15) with the following: {This device must be returned for violating SENA A3D2c, Unity of Orientation. This device has secondary charges that are not arranged in a standard formation. Instead, it has the sprigs in base arranged in pile, or in chevron inverted. Their orientation must be blazoned separately from the cat's face, which is grounds for return. If the sprigs were drawn upright, this device would be returned for conflict with Ealasaid MacDonald, Azure, a chevron inverted between three crescents one and two argent, with one DC for the type of secondaries.}

The previous previous submission, Azure, a chevron inverted and in chief a domestic cat's face argent, was returned on the August 2016 LoAR (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2016/08/16-08lar.html#Outlands_returns16) with the following: {This device is returned for conflict with the device of Óláfr Sælendingr Haraldsson: Azure, a chevron inverted and in chief an increscent argent. There is only one DC for changing the type of the secondary charge.}

Previous discussion on catmint: http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=72801


15: Scola Metallorum, College of - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 1999, via the Outlands.

(Fieldless) In saltire a pickaxe and a shovel inverted Or surmounted by a grenade sable enflamed tongues alternating azure and argent

This submission is to be associated with Populace of Scola Metallorum


16: Sem Kete - New Device

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Azure, a grenade Or and a base indented argent

Name was registered on the October 2017 LoAR: http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2017/10/17-10lar.html#221


Thus ends the January 2018 Letter of Intent for the Kingdom of the Outlands.

In Service,

THL Khalidah bint Yahya'a

Rampart Herald


OSCAR counts 2 New Names, 4 New Order Names, 6 New Devices and 7 New Badges. These 19 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $76 for them. OSCAR counts 2 Resub Devices and 1 Resub Badge. These 3 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 22 items submitted on this letter.