Æthelmearc LoI dated 2017-09-22

Greetings unto Emma Laurel, Juliana Laurel Rising, Alys Pelican, Cormac Wreath, and the College of Arms of the Known World from Madoc Garnet and Saiman Cornelian. This is Æ196, external letter of intent. It is the intent of the Garnet office to register the following elements:

1: Alexia Cavalieri - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2016, via Æthelmearc.

Sable, a pegasus segreant and in base a rapier fesswise argent between two flaunches ermine.

Herald of Record: Symphoriaen de Tapytwever

There was much discussion in the internal letter as to whether or not these charges were co-primary, and as to the position of the pegasus. We acknowledge that the pegasus is primary with the rapier secondary, and have proposed the blazon accordingly. Additionally, although the pegasus is placed fairly high on the escutcheon, because it crosses the fessline, and because it is placed to maximize the available field, we believe it is acceptably drawn.


2: Allene Naughty - New Name & New Device

Gules, a mariner's astrolabe and on a chief argent a bat sable.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (None stated) most important.

Herald of Record: Kathryn MacLuing

With thanks to ffride wlffsdotter:

Early 16th Century Scottish Lowland Names (Draft Edition) by Sharon L. Krossa (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/lowland16/) has: Allene, recorded once in 1521 (but also notes that the particular spelling may be an error: http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/lowland16/menalpha.shtml)

Naughty is the header form of the surname Nachtj, recorded once in 1502. Like Allene, the particular spelling may be an error (http://medievalscotland.org/scotnames/lowland16/surnamesinstances.shtml)

Given the submitter has not requested a particular period or place, but has specified no major changes, how about: Allene Lockheid, male, christened 1625, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland. Batch no. C11918-4 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VQHK-46G)

and

Alexr. Naughty, male, married 1638, Boharm, Moray, Scotland. Batch no. M11128-2 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XYSZ-GQ5)

Note the November 2011 LoAR says sn. Lucian Artz: (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2011/11/11-11lar.html) "... a "change" that does not change the spelling of the name cannot be a major change, or even a minor change."

Internal commentary pointed out that the detailing on the mariner's astrolabe is actually voiding. As such, the artwork has been updated to allow the field to show through. Client has approved the new artwork.

There was also discussion as to whether the creature on the chief was more correctly blazoned a bat or a reremouse. With roughly an equal number of each registered in recent years, we leave that decision to Wreath.


3: Amelot Noiset - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for early 14th c.northern France.
Language (early 14th c.northern France) most important.
Culture (early 14th c.northern France) most important.

Herald of Reocrd: Beatrice Domenici della Campana

Amelot is a feminine given name found in "An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" by Lord Colm Dubh (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paris.html).

Noiset is found as a byname in Morlet Picardie p. 439 under that heading dated to the 13th c. and 1384. During internal commentary, Adelaide de Beaumont stated, "Docs check, however the examples in Morlet are masculine, and it would surprise me a little to see the same form in a feminine name in 14th c. France. 'Noisette' is hazelnut; the most common spelling of the common noun in her period appears to be noisete, as in this writing of ca. 1390 with the phrase "gros comme une noisete" 'fat like a hazelnut'. I would recommend Amelot Noisete, which should be sufficiently clear in sound from the registered Amelot Lisette."

A screenshot from a search of the referenced site (Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330-1500)) is included below.

The client is fine with small spelling changes to maintain cultural and lingual authenticity.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=837/2017-09-15/17-35-28_Noisette.jpg


4: Angelina Geneva Traveler - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning ((form of Angel) Geneva the traveler) most important.

Herald of Record: Rhiannon Morgaine

Angelina Monoch Or Monochey: England Births and Christenings, Gender Female, Christening Date 22 Jun 1593, Christening Place ST ANDREW UNDERSHAFT, LONDON, LONDON, ENGLAND. BATCH C00496-2 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JM4M-MPR.

Jenefer or Geneva Barne: England Births and Christenings, Gender Female, Christening Date 03 Sep 1598, Christening Place SAINT PETER, LEEDS, YORK, ENGLAND. BATCH P00962-1 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J3D4-WZK.

Traveler is a constructed English descriptive byname, found in the Middle English Dictionary s.v. travailour. From the April 2009 LoAR acceptance of Sean Traveler:

We agree with the assessment of Pelican Emeritus. On the basis of the examples cited by her and by Batonvert, Traveler, without the definite article, follows period patterns of descriptive bynames in English. We hereby rule that Traveler, or another period spelling of the term, is no longer considered SCA-compatible, but is registerable as a constructed byname (though of course we would encourage people to use one of the actually documented bynames instead of Traveler). While none of the commenters were able to find an explicit example of the spelling traveler in our period, the single -l- spelling is consistent with spellings found in the Middle English Dictionary s.v. travailour.
There was much discussion regarding the surname Traveler. The 2009 precedent was upheld as recently as 2014 (Lucia Traveler was registered without comment on the by-name in January 2014 (LoI: https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=36492; LoAR: http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2014/01/14-01lar.html)).

Additional internal discussion can be seen at https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=4673


5: Artemisia da Manarola - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2016, via Æthelmearc.

Per chevron argent and Or, a cameleopard trippant sable.

Herald of Record: Ulfrid Ammerthalar


6: Aurelia Argentia Prima - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning (None stated) most important.

Herald of Record: Marie de Blois

This is a Roman feminine name constructed as a nomen together with a double cognomen.

Aurelia is the feminine form of a nomen found in Ursula Georges' A Simple Guide to Imperial Roman Names (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/roman.html).

Argentius is found in a Latin inscription from Africa in Epigraphic Inscriptions Heidelberg, inscription HD026418 (http://edh-www.adw.uni-heidelberg.de/edh/inschrift/HD026418).

The submitted form is the feminine version of the cognomen. Prima is constructed as a feminine cognomen based on Primus as a masculine cognomen as found in Ursula Georges' A Simple Guide to Imperial Roman Names (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/roman.html).

From ffride wlffsdotter, we also have - "HD060155: (http://edh-www.adw.uni-heidelberg.de/edh/inschrift/HD060155) Transcription: D(is) M(anibus) // Aur(elius) Tacitus Tor/quatus vixit an[n]is / XXXIIII fec(it) mater / karis(s)imo et co(n)ius(!) / Argentia dulci(s)/sima et soceri obi/to. I think that's something like 'The soul of Aurelius Tacitus Torquatus lived for 34 years. His mother, dear and of Koine(?), Argentia the sweetest, and father-in-law he will meet.' With Person 2. cognomen: Argentia. gender: female."

From Ursula Palimpsest, we have documentation of the nomen+cognomen+cognomen name construct: "In Paul Gallivan, "The Nomenclature Patterns of the Roman Upper Class in the Early Empire: a Statistical Analysis," ( Antichthon Vol. 26, Issue 1992 ) it says that the use of two cognomina was rare among senatorial women in the second century (only 7 examples) but became relatively common in the third century, ranging between 1 in 8 and 1 in 11 depending on the exact part of that time period."


7: Cáelfind in Eich Gil - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2015, via Æthelmearc.

Per bend sinister purpure and argent, a horse rampant and a longbow with a nocked arrow counterchanged.

Herald of Record: Eleazar Ha-Levy


8: Casey Redmane - New Name & New Device

Azure, a stag couchant argent attired Or, a ford proper.

No major changes.
Sound (None specified) most important.

Herald of Record: Saiman Tokushou

Casey: Client's mundane legal name. Scan of Driver License included in the packet.

Additionally, ffride wlffsdotter cited: Agnis Casey, died 1598, London, England. Batch no. B00047-7 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JC98-BWR)

As per the September 2012 LoAR cover letter, family names documented in sixteenth century England may be used to create given names.

Redmane: 1594 England, FamilySearch batch M16252-1, "England Marriages 1538-1973" (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NXQF-F45 : 10 December 2014), Thomas Redmane and Elizabeth Maysone, 13 Feb 1594; citing All Saints, Gainsborough, Lincoln, England, reference item 6; FHL microfilm 1,450,406.


9: Gemma Vespucci - New Name Change & New Device Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in February of 2006, via Æthelmearc.

Bendy bretessed Or and sable.

Old Item: Skjaldvor Vikarsdóttir, to be retained as an alternate name.
Old Item: Per saltire sable and vert, an opinicus segreant contourny within a bordure argent, to be retained as a badge.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (15th c. Italian) most important.
Culture (15th c. Italian) most important.

Herald of Record: Jehan de la Marche

Gemma: 5 to 15 examples in Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427 by Arval Benicoeur (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/catasto)

Vespucci: 6 examples in A Listing of Family Names from the Condado Section of the Florence Catasto of 1427 by Juliana de Luna (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/familyalpha.html). 27 Gemmas; closest may be Gemma di Vincenzo Castellani Sept. 2008 from Gleann Abhan; no Vespuccis.

Client allows changing the definite article or language/spelling changes if the change is small.

Herald of Record: Tanczos Istvan

The form states that the device is a change for Skjaldvor Vikarsdottir; however, since Skjaldvor Vikarsdottir also submitted a name change to Gemma Vespucci, these two submissions are paired. Client has approved the action.


10: Gülşah al-Zakiyya - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in July of 2008, via Atlantia.

Old Item: Elena Modarova vnuka, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Turkish / Arabic) most important.
Culture (Turkish / Arabic) most important.

Herald of Record: Galefridus Peregrinus

This was originally submitted as a new alternate name. However, on 24 Aug 17, client requested that this be changed to 'new primary name', 'retain old name as alternate'

Gu"ls,ah: Per St. Gabriel Report 3059; discussion of flower names. Meaning: 'rose-monarch' (http://www.s-gabriel.org/3059).

al-Zakiyya: Per Juliana's article "Arabic Names from al-Andalus: Feminine Bynames Found in al-Andalus (nisba and laqab)", al-Zakiyya is a byname meaning "the intelligent." (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/alandalus/femnick.html)

Correction to Alternate Name (2017-Aug-25 09:08:00): Client has requested that this be changed this to 'new primary name', 'retain old name as alternate'.

Correction to Alternate Name (2017-Aug-25 09:08:37): Client has requested that this be changed this to 'new primary name', 'retain old name as alternate'.

Client has stated that she is "...more interested in an accurate name than anything", wants to keep the diacriticals, and is open to changing the by-name from Arabic to Turkish if that will be more accurate. Solveig Keystone has recommended Gülşah Akıllıi or Gülşah Aydıni. Her discussion and some dissenting opinions can be read at https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=4673, item #10.


11: Ihala Auvinen - New Name

No changes.

Herald of Record: Kameshima Zentarou Umakai

Ihala: dated to 1570 as part of the name 'Ihala Ikemielisson' under the header of 'Iha-' in "Vanhatnimityyppimme (Finnish Names)" by Rouva Gertrud (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/FinnishNamesArticle.htm).

Auvinen: cited in "Finnish Family Names for Inhabitants Assessed for Taxes in Savonlinna Province in 1571" (http://www.genealogia.fi/nimet/nimi13ae.htm) - cited once in Visulahti province, 6 times in Juva province, and 7 times in Saaminki province.


12: Jakob Gosche - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (German) most important.
Culture (German) most important.

Herald of Record: Rhiannon Morgaine

Jakob: Bahlow-Gentry, p. 248, gives this as an undated header form. Ibid., p. 247, dates Jekel (Jocob) to 1381. Talan Gwynek (Brian M. Scott), "Medieval German Given Names from Silesia" [URL: http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/bahlow_v.htm] dates the submitted spelling to 1581. Also, Brechenmacher, p. 172, s.n. Bogenschütz, dates Jakob Bogenschütz to 1499.

Jakob Herker, "Deutschland Geburten und Taufen". Jakob Herker, Gender Male, Christening Date 12 Jan 1561, Christening Place: Eberdingen, Württemberg, Germany. Death Date 04 Mar 1564. BATCH C95937-1, Indexing Project (Batch) Number: C95937-1. Citing this Record: "Deutschland Geburten und Taufen, 1558-1898," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NC3K-5FJ : 28 November 2014), Jakob Herker, 12 Jan 1561; citing ; FHL microfilm 1,184,575.

Gosche: Elisabethae Gosche, female Christening Date, Aug 1650 St Ignaz, Mainz, Rheinhessen, Hessen Father's Name Franciscus Gosche batch C01301-4 https://www.familysearch.org/search/record/results?count=20&query=%2Bsurname%3AGosche~%20%2Bbirth_ye ar%3A1500-1600~

Name Margeretha Gosch, Gender Female, Christening Date 07 Jun 1607, Christening Place Hochhausen A Mosbach, Baden, Germany. BATCH C93480-2

"Deutschland Geburten und Taufen, 1558-1898," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NVN4-2D7 : 28 November 2014), Hans Gosch in entry for Margeretha Gosch, 07 Jun 1607; citing ; FHL microfilm 1,272,787.

Client allows all changes, so correcting spelling of the surname by adding or subtracting a letter or diacritical (umlaut) is acceptable.


13: John Travailour - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (one who travels) most important.

Herald of Record: Sisuile Butler

The original submission, John Traveler, was returned at kingdom for lack of a definite article. Although an April 2009 precedent could have been used for an appeal, the client has elected to resubmit using a different form of the name. From the April 2009 LoAR acceptance of Sean Traveler:

We agree with the assessment of Pelican Emeritus. On the basis of the examples cited by her and by Batonvert, Traveler, without the definite article, follows period patterns of descriptive bynames in English. We hereby rule that Traveler, or another period spelling of the term, is no longer considered SCA-compatible, but is registerable as a constructed byname (though of course we would encourage people to use one of the actually documented bynames instead of Traveler). While none of the commenters were able to find an explicit example of the spelling traveler in our period, the single -l- spelling is consistent with spellings found in the Middle English Dictionary s.v. travailour.

John - Withycombe's The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names notes that John was "a fairly common English name in the 12-15th C".

Travailour - Travailour is a constructed English descriptive byname, found in the Middle English Dict s.v. travailour.

Marie de Blois discussed this with Sisuile, the consulting herald, who stated that she discussed the problematic return from AEthelmearc and the possibility of appeal with the submitter and his mother (submitter is 8), and that she also brought up the potentially negative connotations of Traveller. After consultation, the submitter and his mother *like* Travailour, because it is somewhat earlier period and is of French origin (or at least French sound), and so they are pursuing this as a resubmission rather than appeal.
As with Traveler above, Travailour resulted in some spirited discussion internally. We believe the same standard applies to Travailour as to Traveler. The discussion can be viewed at https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=100&loi=4673, item #15. We believe the correct pronunciation of Travailour to be Trav ayle LOHR.


14: Kaisa Huttinen - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Finnish) most important.
Culture (Finnish) most important.

Herald of Record: Rhiannon Morgaine

Kaisa is a Finnish feminine given name. The article "Vanhat imityyppimme (Finnish Names)" by Rouva Gertrud (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/FinnishNamesArticle.htm) attests a Kaisa Larssdotter from 1571, citing the source as "Suomen historiallisia lähteitä V:6. Suomen hopeaveroluettelot 1571 -- VI Pohjanmaa. Ed. Matti Walta. Suomen historiallinen seura 1985" p. 49.

Huttinen is a locative found in "Finnish Family Names for Inhabitants Assessed for Taxes in Savonlinna Province in 1571" (http://www.genealogia.fi/nimet/nimi13ae.htm). Gertrud's article supra says of locatives that "The locative could be the name of the village or house. The locatives were formed in all the same ways as were patronymics (-nen, -n, -inen, -in)."

From Adelaide de Beaumont: "Docs check out. I have a little bug in my ear telling me that there is something else that needs to happen to a surname in -en for a feminine name, but the given name article has this entry:

Greta Ningioghen 1552, SVT II p. 208.

That's the only one (apart from Elizabet i Hirffuikosken 1551, SVT II p. 72., which has a preposition, thereby changing the thing completely), but that's better than nothing."


15: Lisebet van der Mere - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for 14th century time period.
Sound (lis-e-BET or lis-BET) most important.

Herald of Record: Ranolfr Rosamon

Lisebet - Dutch Names 1358-1361, by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman) under Feminin Names, Heading Lijsbet (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/dutch/earlydutch14.html)

van der Mere - Dutch Names 1358-1361: Bynames, by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman), Locative & toponymic, entry van der Mere (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/dutch/bynamesE14.html)

CONSTRUCTION: SENA Appendix 1 Dutch: given+byname (locative) Name Pattern Search Form: ^lS+sS+b- 32 items, none too similar Mere $ - 267 items, none t0o close.

From Adelaide de Beaumont: "Docs check out, and thank you for documenting the construction. Sufficiently clear the registered Lysebet van der Wilgen, as well as all the van der Me(e)res and vander Meeres, of which there are quite a few, but no forms of Elizabeth."


16: Lutia Capriolo - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in January of 2010, via Atlantia.

Old Item: Morgaine MacNeil, to be released.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (Italian) most important.
Culture (Italian) most important.

Herald of Record: Elsbeth Anne Roth

Lutia is found in Andrea Hicks, "Vicentine Names from the 14th to 16th Centuries" (https://s-gabriel.org/names/maridonna/vicentine.html) dating to 1590 as as variant of <Lucia>.

Dominico Caprioli is a Renaissance painter c 1500 (http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/domenico-caprioli_(Dizionario-Biografico)/) also known as Dominico Capriolo (the site lists both forms).

Found in the lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, Volume 6, Giorgio Vasari refers to Domenico Caprioli http://books.google.com/books?id=OHtKAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA161&lpg=PA161&dq=Domenico+Caprioli+biography&sour ce=bl&ots=K6DL6qrRIY&sig=uMnBHHKdFm5Z6PLJmLVL-4ZJdU4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uhEcUOb7OKng0gHjnICwAg&ved=0CIYB EOgBMA8#v=onepage&q=Domenico%20Caprioli%20biography&f=false

Last known work of Domenico Capriolo http://www.nicepaintings.org/works/87363, signed by the artist.

From Maridonna Benvenuti: "Additional doc for Capriolo:Googlebook, "Ritratti Di Cento Capitani Illustri Intagliati da Aliprando Capriolo…", 1596. Portraits of [One[ Hundred Captains Illustrated, Carved by Aliprando Capriolo https://books.google.com/books?id=ZdwQdMjFxzUC&printsec=frontcover&dq=intitle:Ritratti+intitle:di+in title:cento+intitle:capitani+intitle:illustri+intitle:intagliati+intitle:da+intitle:Aliprando+intit le:Capriolo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi74o722-_VAhVH1oMKHUkCDAAQ6AEILTAB#v=onepage&q&f=false a"

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=837/2017-09-15/18-35-30_aliprondo.jpg


17: Onóra an Einigh - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (early modern Irish Gaelic) most important.
Culture (early modern Irish Gaelic) most important.

Herald of Record: Thomas Hayworth

'Onóra' is found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals: Onóra" by by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien). This is the Early Modern Irish Gaelic (c1200-c1700) form found in the Annals seven times from 1383 to 1600. (https://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Onora.shtml).

'an Einigh' ("the Hospitable") is found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals: Descriptive Bynames found in Feminine Names" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien). It is found in the name "D M1471.3 Mairgreicce an Einigh Uí Chearbhaill" (https://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/DescriptiveBynames.shtml). Mari's article indicates "NOTE: The Annals referenced below under the code letters A, B, C, E, & F tend to use later spellings than the other Annals. In some cases, the spellings listed in these Annals may not be appropriate for the year referenced in the Annal entry."

Name pattern Given Name + Descriptive Byname is documented in SENA, Appendix A. Client allows adding/deleting a word like "de" or "the" or changing language when the change is small.


18: Petronia Alexandra - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Spelling (wants 'alex' in some form) most important.

Herald of Record: Rhiannon Morgaine

Alexandra - formed using Ursula Georges' "A Simple Guide to Imperial Roman Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/roman.html#women). Listed Cognomen ALEXANDER feminized to Alexandra.

Petronia - formed using Ursula Georges' "A Simple Guide to Imperial Roman Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/roman.html#women). Listed Nomen PETRONIUS feminized to Petronia.

Structure listed for women as Nomen+Cognomen


19: Rhys Penbras ap Dafydd - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the Æthelmearc LoI of September 21, 2016 as submitted.

(Fieldless) A feather bendwise sinister azure.

Herald of Record: Ekaterina Volkova

Internal commentary noted the similarity between this badge and the badge of House Blue Feather ((Fieldless) A feather azure). With the default for the feather being palewise, the two DCs for this badge vs. House Blue Feather are garnered solely from the fieldless background and the slight change in orientation of the sole charge. Some commenters felt that without some other point of reference (e.g. a defined field), orientation of a single-charge fieldless badge cannot be reliably maintained, and therefore 2 DCs should not be granted in cases such as this one. At least one commenter during the decision meeting questioned whether or not this was a visual conflict, apart from the other concern. We leave it to Wreath to determine both.

Client is aware of the similarity.


20: Symphoriaen de Tapijtenwever - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the Æthelmearc LoI of February 27, 2017 as submitted.

Sable, four frets couped one, two, and one Or.

Herald of Record: Michael Langley

Submitter realizes this is a test case as to whether multiple couped frets are considered different from fretty.


"Autumn carries more gold in its pocket than all the other seasons." --Jim Bishop (American journalist)

Madoc Garnet

Saiman Cornelian


OSCAR counts 12 New Names, 3 New Name Changes, 5 New Devices, 1 New Device Change and 2 New Badges. These 23 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $92 for them. There are a total of 23 items submitted on this letter.