Middle LoI dated 2017-08-22

Unto Emma Laurel, Alys Pelican, Cormac Wreath, and the rest of the College of Arms, does Konrad Mailander, Dragon Herald, send greetings.

This is the Middle Kingdom Letter of Acceptance and Returns for the items on the July 13th, 2017 ILoI.

My thanks to all for their commentary.

If you would like to see the internal commentary for this letter please go to http://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingloi.php?kingdom=4&loi=4629

It is the intent of the College of Heralds of the Middle to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity and allows any changes.

1: Ailith the Kind - Resub Augmentation of Arms

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2010, via the Middle.

Per bend sinister wavy argent and vert, a thistle proper and a garb Or and for augmentation on a chief purpure a compass star Or

Returned on the June LoAR:

"Ailith the Kind. Augmentation of Arms. Per bend sinister wavy argent and vert, a thistle vert headed purpure and a garb Or and for augmentation on a chief purpure a compass star Or.

This augmentation must be returned for redraw. As submitted, the base device does not match the registered device; the entire head of the thistle is purpure, rather than just the petals on the top of the head. As the base devices do not match, the augmentation must be returned.

A compass star is a step from period practice."

The coloring error has been corrected.


2: Alessandro Vitturi da Canal - New Name & New Device

Azure, an otter rampant argent maintaining in its mouth a herring gules, a chief paly of eight Or and gules

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Culture (Late 15th century Italian) most important.

Alessandro: appears in "Fifteenth Century Venetian Masculine Names: Given Names Alphabetically" by Sara L. Uckelman (Aryanhwy merch Catmael) via the Academy of St. Gabriel 2 occurrences

http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/venicegivalpha.html

Vitturi: appears in "Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names: Table of Surnames" by by Arval Benicoeur (Josh Mittleman) and Talan Gwynek (Brian M. Scott) via the Academy of St. Gabriel

https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/venice14sur.html#table

da Canal: also appears in "Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names: Table of Surnames" by by Arval Benicoeur (Josh Mittleman) and Talan Gwynek (Brian M. Scott) via the Academy of St. Gabriel

https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/venice14sur.html#table

Name construction (Alessandro Vitturi da Canal) follows the pattern of Given name + Patronymic byname + Locative as documented in "Italian names from Imola, 1312: Patterns of names" by Sara L. Uckelman (Aryanhwy merch Catmael), via the Academy of St. Gabriel

http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/imolapattern.html


3: Alice Hart of Whyte Hall - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (Alice Hart of Whyte Hall) most important.

First name sources: Alice

"English Names from Pre-1600 Brass Inscriptions" by by Julian Goodwyn (Janell K. Lovelace)

https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/brasses/womenfreq.html

"English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" by Sara L. Uckelman (Aryanhwy merch Catmael)

http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/parishes/parishes.html

"Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames: Index of Names Attested After 1450" by Talan Gwynek (Brian M. Scott)

https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/index_late.html

Surname: Hart

"Names from 15th Century York" by Karen Larsdatter (Karen Harris)

http://heraldry.sca.org/names/york15/surnames-alphabetical.htm

Place: Whyte Hall

"Names of English Colleges" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien) and Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith)

http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Colleges/Colleges.shtml#White_Hall


4: Asgar Wulfstan - New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and gules, a wolf rampant and a bordure Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No changes.

Both names found in Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum.

Asgar - pg. 74

Wulfstan - pp. 518-519

Asgar the Staller (d. after 1066), nobleman http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/52346

PASE sn. Asgar (http://pase.ac.uk/jsp/DisplayPerson.jsp?personKey=18163)

DMNES sn. Wulfstan has: (http://dmnes.org/name/Wulfstan) Wulfstan (nominative, Latin) 967


5: Eava O Corcrane - New Name & New Device

Vert, two lions combatant and in base a trefoil, and a chief indented argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language most important.
Culture most important.

<Aoife> is shown at http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Aife.shtml as the Early Modern Irish Gaelic form, post 1200, with <Aife> as the Middle Irish Gaelic form

<Corcrain> is shown as Middle Irish Gaelic at http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Corcran.shtml

And from commentary:

Adelaide de Beaumont at 2017-08-04 21:27:10

Now about that byname... Ua has several uses in early Irish naming. It can be your grandfather, your mentor, and eventually 'of the line of' which turned into clan names and became Ó after 1200. Unfortunately, we don't know which. Finding Ua X does not mean you're onto an early version of a clan name. The Corcorans were quite widespread, and this could be an early clan name. Let's say it is. Girls have to be identified with ingen/inghean, but otherwise the byname is the byname. So if, say, Cathasach Ua Corcrain was her father, I would expect her to be Aífe ingen Ua Chorcrain, maybe with an H, Aífe ingen h-Ua Chorcrain. Here's an entry from the Annals of Ulster, which because a lot of it is written in Latin (by people who were not necessarily good Irish scholars), it tends to have older (and sometimes outright odd) orthography:

U1375.1. Dubchablaigh ingen h-Ua Concobuir, mortuus est quarto Idus Augusti.

Contrast these citations from before the 1200 cutoff, from Tigernach (really conservative orthography) and Four Masters (really up-to-date orthography):

T1066.3 Aibind ingen h-Úi Concobair ben h-Úi Muiricen M1066.13 Aoibhenn, inghen Uí Conchobhair, ben Ui Mhuiregáin

So, her choices include:

Aífe ingen h-Ua Chorcráin (with or without H) Aífe ingen h-Uí Chorcráin (with or without H) Aífe or Aoife ingen Uí Chorcráin Aífe or Aoife inghean Uí Chorcháin Eva or Eava O Corcrane

The only way she can go without some form of ingen/inghean is to have an anglicized byname.

Submitted as <Aoife ui Corcrain>. A number of variations were offered in commentary. The submitter was contacted and they chose the Anglicized Irish version here.

This device submission was received on the correct form, but not on the typical escutcheon shape. The submitter supplied new forms with the correct escutcheon shape.


6: Emma Wulfstan - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

Emma - from Regesta Regum Anglorum, Sawyer Catalog S-1167.

https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/marieke/anglosaxonfem/, Marieke van de Dal, "Anglo-Saxon Women's Names from Royal Charters". Shows <Emma> as having appeared in a Latin context in 618.

Wulfstan - from Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum, pp. 518-519.

DMNES sn. Wulfstan has: (http://dmnes.org/name/Wulfstan) Wulfstan (nominative, Latin) 967


7: Illiton, Barony of - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 1987, via the Middle.

(Fieldless) A Caucasian mermaid tailed Or, crined vert, maintaining in her dexter hand a trident bendwise sinister sable and in her upraised sinister hand a gray granite tower proper


8: Illiton, Barony of - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 1987, via the Middle.

Gyronny of twelve azure and argent, a lymphad Or


9: Illiton, Barony of - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 1987, via the Middle.

Gyronny of twelve azure and argent, on a tower Or a fountain


10: Malachie Rembert - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in April of 2000, via the Middle.

Per pale azure and argent, on a pile inverted throughout a Latin cross counterchanged

This is a redraw of a submission returned for redraw at Kingdom level in April 2017.


11: Mary of Desborough - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (early Anglo-Saxon England) most important.

"Mary" documented in "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames: Index of Names Attested Between 1250 and 1450: J to Mar" by Talan Gwynek (Brian M. Scott) at https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/index_mid4.html.

The Historical Gazetteer of England's Place Names has sn. Desborough

(http://placenames.org.uk/id/placename/10/003103)

Dereburg 1086

Deresburc 1166

Desburc 1197

Among others, so the Lingua Anglica form of "æt Derebyrig" or similar could be "of Desborough."

R&W, s.n. Desborough, Desbrow, etc. John de Desburg 1216, John de Deseburgh 1363, Thomas Desborrough 1584. From Desborough.


12: Vincenzo Fabriano - New Name & New Device

Per bend sinister vert and sable, a calamarie within an orle of mullets of four greater and four lesser points Or

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Client requests authenticity for 14th century Italy.
Language (14th century Italy) most important.
Culture (14th century Italy) most important.

Vincenzo - tax census from City of Florence 1427 - attached.

Vincenzo - "Names from 15th and 16th Century Pisa" By Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith). The name was found 648 times. http://heraldry.sca.org/kwhss/2014/Juliana_de_Luna/Names_from_15th_and_16th_Century_Pisa.pdf

Fabriano - Ancient city in Italy, name first found written date 1040 AD - Fabriano - "Early 15th - Early 17th C Italian Names: by Sara L. Uckelman shows an example of Gentile dell'Oro da Fabriano. http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/mediciraw.html

Also in "Italia: Mercator Place Names in 1554" by Maridonna Benvenuti. M Dancno (March of Ancona, modern region of Marches) Fabriano, Town/City, Modern Fabriano. http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/drafts/mercator.html


13: Zhen Jun - New Name & New Device

Gyronny arrondi vert and argent, a butterfly purpure within an orle of eight roundels counterchanged

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Client requests authenticity for Chinese.
Language (Chinese) most important.

Zhen - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhen_(surname)

http://www.behindthename.com/name/Zhen

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_given_name

[Escutcheon note: I was able to locate both "Zheng" and "Jun" in Academy of St. Gabriel report 2346 at http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/2346.txt. I however do not have the expertise in Chinese omnastics to be able to comment on the plausibility of the name combination.]

Yin Mei Li, "Feminine Chinese Names", in the 2003 Knowne World Heraldic and Scribal Symposium, http://web.archive.org/web/20050215114748/http://www.ida.net/users/valerie_lee/Octofoil/ChineseNames /

The purple and green on this device submission were both very dark on the scan and it made the butterfly hard to identify. It has been recolored with the submitters permission.


In Service to the Client, Kingdom, and College,

Meister Konrad Mailander, OP

Dragon Herald


OSCAR counts 8 New Names, 5 New Devices and 3 New Badges. These 16 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $64 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Device and 1 Resub Augmentation of Arms. These 2 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 18 items submitted on this letter.