Calontir LoI dated 2017-07-29

Grüß Gott!

Unto Emma de Fetherstan, Laurel, Alys Mackyntoich, Pelican, Cormac Mor, Wreath, and the esteemed members of the College of Arms does Herr Gotfrid von Schwaben, Saker Herolt of the Kingdom of Calontir send heartfelt greetings.

The Calontir College of Heralds presents this Letter of Intent for your consideration requesting registration of the following submissions:

1: Aleidis Zophilare - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Culture (12th - 13th century German) most important.

Aleidis: feminine given name found in German Given Names 1200-1250 by Talan Gwynek (Brian M. Scott)
http://heraldry.sca.org/names/germ13.html

Zophilare: epithetical byname dated to 12th century in Some Early Middle High German Bynames with Emphasis on Names from the Bavarian Dialect Area by Talen Gwynek (Brian M. Scott)
http://heraldry.sca.org/names/Early_German_Bynames.html


2: Anastasia da Carrara - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 2005, via Calontir.

Quarterly Or and azure, a mullet of eight points counterchanged within a bordure sable

This is a Lilies War submission.


3: Bryniólfr Brandssmiðr - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Norse 10th cent.) most important.
Meaning (smith of swords) most important.

Bryniólfr: OW. Norse given name, found in Nordiskt runnamnslexikon, Third revised version, p. 20, s.n. BryniulfR

Brandssmiðr: constructed byname meaning sword's smith, using the following elements found in Nordiskt runnamnslexikon, Third revised version:

smiðr: p. 85, s.n. Smiðr, OW.Norse smiðr, m., meaning craftsman, smith
-brandr: p. 20, s.n. -brandr, m., OW.Norse brandr meaning sword-blade
Name notes:
Originally submitted as Bryniólfr Smiðbrandr, based on research presented during commentary (see image below), it was revealed the correctly constructed byname should follow the pattern:
<genitive noun in the singular?> + -smiðr
As a result, following confirmation with and approval by the submitter, the constructed byname was changed at Kingdom.

This is a Lilies War submission.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=164/2017-07-27/18-30-08_brandssmiðr_research.jpg


4: Dashunegen of Calontir - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in August of 2005, via Calontir.

Old Item: Dash Unegen, to be retained as an alternate name.
No changes.
Spelling (Dashunegen as one word) most important.

Dashunegen: Constructed Mongolian given name meaning Good luck/lucky fox, using the following elements and construction pattern:

Dash: male given name listed s.v. Men's Names within Mongolian Naming Practices by Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongolian_names_marta.html) meaning good luck.
Also listed as a common Mongol name element in On the Documentation and Construction of Period Mongolian Names by Baras-aghur Naran (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongol.html), s.v. Common Name Elements from Other Sources with the same meaning.

Unegen: common Mongol name element in On the Documentation and Construction of Period Mongolian Names by Baras-aghur Naran (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongol.html), s.v. Common Name Elements from Primary Sources meaning fox.

Mongolian name formation meta pattern: <name element>+<name element> pattern discussed in On the Documentation and Construction of Period Mongolian Names by Baras-aghur Naran (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongol.html) and Researching Mongol Names in the SCA by Luigi Kapaj (in the SCA: Gülügjab Tangghudai) (http://silverhorde.viahistoria.com/main.html?research/ResearchingMongolNames.html).

of Calontir: Locative byname using a registered branch name; branch name was registered in 1983.

This is a Lilies War submission.


5: Gaius Flavius Auxilius - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Calontir LoI of May 30, 2017 as submitted.

Or, a gurges sable surmounted by a hexagonal gemstone and on a chief gules a sword fesswise reversed Or

This is a resub device at the Kingdom level, but new to Laurel level. The submitter's original device, Or, a gurges sable, a bordure and overall a gemstone gules, was returned at Kingdom in May 2017 for conflict. See: http://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingsingleitem.php?kingdom=11&id=75301

This redesign clears that conflict without introducing any others.


6: Giulia Isabella da Venezia - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in June of 1997, via the Middle.

Purpure, a bend sinister cotissed between two roses argent

Commentary suggested a possible conflict with the registered arms of Fiona Julienne nic Lowry (Feb 91, via Caid): Purpure, a bend sinister between two garden rosebuds slipped and leaved bendwise sinister argent. (See below for the emblazon image.) While it was noted there was 1 DC for the addition of the cotise, there remained a question of whether there was 1 DC given for rosebuds vs. roses. We believe the two are clear based on the following research:

1: Precedents under the tenure of Da'ud ibn Auda state:

[a rose vs a garden rosebud slipped and leaved] There are CDs for the field and for the type of charge. (Aonghus Lochlainn of Loch Fyne, 12/95 p. 11) (http://heraldry.sca.org/precedents/daud2/armd2f.html#Flower-Rose)
2: While there may be questions raised because the first Precedent was so long ago, the following Precedents reinforce our beliefs:
Under the tenure of Jaelle of Armida
Rosebuds have been banned since November 1994. (Lasairfhíona ní Chon Chonnacht, 7/96 p. 20)
We do not register rosebuds. [The submission was returned for this and another reason, with the statement that either was sufficient cause for return.] (Uilleam Nial McAndrew, 4/98 p. 19)
(http://heraldry.sca.org/precedents/jaeprec.html#Flower-Rose)

Upheld under the tenure of Elsbeth Anne Roth
Rosebuds have been forbidden as a change [sic] since July 1994, barring any evidence of them being used in period armory. [Raffaella da Napoli, 06/00, R-East]
(http://heraldry.sca.org/precedents/elsbeth/armory.html#FLOWERRose)

Upheld under the tenure of François la Flamme I
The roses are drawn as naturalistic roses (which, in days past, were blazoned as garden roses). The roses are partially open. Please advise the submitter to draw the roses as fully opened flowers. These flowers are not the unregisterable rosebuds, which are naturalistic roses in bud form, with the petals mostly closed. But some members of the College felt that this depiction was uncomfortably close to that of the rosebud. [Skarpheðinn Irlandsfari, 11/2003, A-Drachenwald]
(http://heraldry.sca.org/precedents/francois/wreath.html#FLOWERRose)
No further Precedents regarding rosebuds could be found.

In summary, when rosebuds were allowed and being registered, 1 DC was given between the two. As there can be no further registration of devices using rosebuds, it would follow that there remains 1 DC between the two charges with that Precedent serving as the longstanding ruling to date.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=164/2017-07-28/19-48-38_Fiona_Julienne_nic_Lowry_color_emblazon.jpg


7: Johannes Gast - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2014, via Calontir.

(Fieldless) Issuant from a tower sable, a demi-bear gules

This is a resub device at the Kingdom level, but new to Laurel level. The submitter's original badge, (Fieldless), a tower sable, was returned at Kingdom in August 2015 for conflict. See: http://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingsingleitem.php?kingdom=11&id=55169

This redesign clears that conflict without introducing any others.

This is a Lilies War submission.


8: Judith Warrenne - New Name & New Device

Argent, an enfield rampant and on a base azure a rose argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound (wahr-en) most important.
Language (English) most important.

Judith: English feminine given name, particular spelling dated via several entries to 1575, 1585-87, 1589-90, 1592-94, and 1597-99 in DMNES, s.n. Judith http://dmnes.org/name/Judith

Warrenne: English surname, William Warrenne, male, christening date 1576, LAPFORD, DEVON, ENGLAND, batch P00187-1 https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JWXG-7Z9

This is a Lilies War submission.


9: Káta in kyrra - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Client requests authenticity for Viking.
Language (unspecified) most important.
Meaning (not defined) most important.

Káta: feminine given name, found in Nordiskt runnamnslexikon, Third revised version, p. 63, s.n. Kāti, meaning glad, cheerful. The name is listed as the feminine equivalent to Káti, .

in kyrra: feminine form of descriptive byname inn kyrri found in Geirr Bassi, p. 25, meaning quiet, gentle.

Name notes:
Originally submitted as Káta inn kyrri, the byname was changed at Kingdom with submitter's approval, to match the gender of the given name.

This is a Lilies War submission.


10: Knǫrr bestinger - New Name & New Device

Argent, a valknut sable between two axes addorsed in pile gules and in chief three escutcheons sable

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Knǫrr: masculine given name found in Geirr Bassi, page 12

bestinger: epithetical byname, ibid., page 20, meaning captive bear.

Name notes:
Originally submitted as Knorr bestinger, spelling of the given name was corrected at Kingdom with the submitter's approval.

Internal commentary revealed that Lind, Personbinamn, col. 21 sn. Bestingr, notes there's only one e in the byname [bestingr vice bestinger], suggesting that the spelling in GB may be a typo. As we cannot determine which is the more valid spelling, we are forwarding the byname as originally spelled to Laurel.

Device notes:
The general consensus at the commentary decision meeting is the escutcheons and axes in this device comprise a secondary charge group around the valknut as a primary charge. As such, we believe this does not run afoul of SENA Appendix J.


11: Kumagaya Jiroutarou Hideyoshi - New Name & New Device

Argent, a bear dormant within a bordure sable

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (bear) most important.

Kumagaya: historical surname dated to 1568 meaning Bear Valley found in NCMJ (rev. 2004), p. 321.

Jiroutarou: constructed yobina using the elements Jirou meaning Second Son/Next Son, ibid., pg. 212, dated to 1600, and Tarou meaning First Son, ibid., pg. 211, dated to 1600. Constructed yobina then caries the meaning of first son of second son.

Hideyoshi: historical masculine nanori dated to 1568 meaning Superior Fortune, ibid., pg. 332.

Name notes:
Originally submitted as Kumagaya Hideyoshi, based on commentary and suggestions by Keystone, submitter requested the addition of the yobina Jiroutarou. We have complied by adding that element at Kingdom.

This is a Lilies War submission.


12: Michael the Wanderer - New Name & New Device

Per chevron azure and Or, two sheaves of arrows and a triskelion of legs counterchanged

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Spelling (Michael the Wanderer) most important.

Michael: masculine given name found in Withycombe, p. 218, header entry, dates this spelling via Michael Cur to 1196-1326, 1218, 1303, and 1346.

the Wanderer: epithetical byname using the lingua Anglica form of the constructed le Wanderare. Wanderare [one who wanders or travels about] is a noun dated to 1440 found in the Middle English Dictionary (ME Dic). Similar attested bynames include the 13th century Wander and Wanderbug found in the ME Dic, the 14th century Wayfarar found in Jönsjö, and the 12th-13th century (le) Pelerin [one who travels to a holy place, traveler from foreign lands] found in R & W, s.n. Pilgrim, and the ME Dic. Appendix A of SENA allows the registration of Middle English descriptive and occupational bynames both with and without the article the/le.

Some commentary questioned the registerability of the byname. Precedents allowing the use of the byname the Wanderer state:

[Eoin the Modest] While this combines both English and Gaelic in the same name, it is permissible under the lingua Anglica allowance. In the January 1995 acceptance of Grainne the Wanderer, Laurel (Da'ud ibn Auda) said "Since we treat the Wanderer as if it were an attested period English byname, this name is registerable by virtue of the lingua Anglica allowance." (Jaelle of Armida, LoAR October 1997, p. 6)
As such--and in view of the over 100 registered names using this byname; the latest dated JUL 2016--we believe this by name to be unremarkable in terms of registerability.


13: OddnæfR knarrarbringa - New Name & New Device

Per fess vert and Or, a sea-boar counterchanged

Submitter has no desire as to gender.
Language (Norse) most important.
Culture (Norse) most important.
Spelling (given name: OddnæfR) most important.

OddnæfR: constructed Norse given name using the elements Odd- found in Nordiskt runnamnslexikon, p. 72, s.n. Uddr meaning (lance- or spear-) point, spear and -næfR ibid, p. 72, OW.Norse nef n. meaning nostril, nose. Commentary provided the evidence of these elements being combined to form a plausible given name:

Odd-
Oddfríðr, feminine given name, Geirr Bassi, p. 13
Oddgerðr, ibid.
Oddkatla, ibid.
Oddbjörn, masculine name, ibid.
Oddgeirr, ibid.
Oddkell, ibid.

-næfR
Harðnefr, masculine name, Geirr Bassi, p. 11
næfR, masculine name, Nordiskt runnamnslexikon, p. 116
ÞællinæfR, ibid., p. 238
ÆikinæfR, ibid, p. 260

knarrarbringa: epithetical byname found in Geirr Bassi, p. 24, meaning merchantship-bosom

This is a Lilies War submission.


14: Rose Mahler - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound most important.
Language (unspecific German) most important.
Culture (unspecific German) most important.

Rose: feminine given name found in Socin, p. 61, header entry, spelling dated to 1282.

Mahler: occupational byname meaning painter found in Brechenmacher, v.2, p. 226, spelling dated via Caspar Mahler to 1548.

This is a Lilies War submission.


15: Safiyya al-Zahra Isfahani - New Name & New Device

Argent, a peacock in his pride azure within a four-lobed quadrate cornice purpure

Submitter desires a feminine name.

Safiyya: feminine ism found in Andalusian Names: Arabs in Spain by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/andalusia.html#Womens)

al-Zahra': feminine laqab, ibid, (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/andalusia.html#WomensBynames)

Isfanhani: geographical nisba found in Persian Masculine Names in the Nafah.ât al-uns by Ursula Georges under the sub-category of Bynames listed as Is.fahânî meaning of Isfahan, a city in Iran (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ursula/nafahat/bynames.html)

Name notes:
Examination of patterns in Persian Feminine Names from the Safavid Period by Ursula Georges shows that locative bynames were not necessarily feminized in Persian. (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ursula/persian.html)

Name element terms documented from Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices by Da'ud ibn Auda (David Appleton) (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/arabic-naming2.htm)


16: Sol Argilo De Santiago - New Name

Submitter has no desire as to gender.
No major changes.
Sound most important.
Language (unspecified) most important.
Culture (unspecified) most important.

Sol: feminine name found in Medieval Spanish Names from the Monastery of Sahagun by Antonio Miguel Santos de Borja (Tony Borning) dated to between 1097-1101 (https://www.s-gabriel.org/names/miguel/sahagun/sahagunNames2.html#names).

Argilo: feminine name, ibid.

De Santiago: surname, baptism of Ema De Santiago dated to 12 Mar 1514 in Santa María de la Asunción, Laguna de Duero, Valladolid, Spain, batch #C87233-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FFM4-1P8)

SENA Appendix A, s.v. Iberian, allows for double given names in Castile and Catalan.

This is a Lilies War submission.


17: Thorlein Knochenhauer - New Name & New Device

Per pale gules and azure, a boar rampant dismembered Or maintaining a bone fracted argent

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning (Knochenhauer - butcher or bone hitter) most important.

Thorlein: feminine given name found in German Names from 1495 by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman) (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/german1495.html)

Knochenhauer: occupational surname found in Brechenmacher, vol.2, pg. 74, header entry, derived from the middle low German knokenhouwer meaning cattle speculator/purchaser [Viehaufkäufer] or butcher [Metzger]. The literal translation means bone hitter. Dated spellings for the byname are Knochinhower 1341, and Knokenhower 1422.

However research using FamilySearch.org yielded 6,324 results using the search parameter *hauer. Below is a sampling of those results:

Martin Gerthauer, died 15 Apr 1627, batch B01519-2 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JQ92-NQ3)
Joannes Steinhauer, died 30 Sep 1597, batch B03625-7 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JWGX-45P)
Anna Steinhauer, born 1588, died 05 Nov 1608, batch B02917-6 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J44Y-853)
Christina Stainhauer, died 27 Nov 1627, batch B02917-6 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J44Y-XYW)
Thomas Class Bomhauer, marriage 27 Jun 1621, batch M95565-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J45J-NH4)
Elias Flurhauer, born 1583, died 07 Feb 1623, batch B39532-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J43S-BXD)
Dorothea Blumenhauer, died 20 May 1586, batch B00028-8 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J47Q-T24)
Hannss Fleischhauer, christening 10 Jan 1564, batch C93506-3 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NCDP-TPJ)
Niclaus Eisenhauer, marriage 02 Jul 1610, batch M93180-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J4G7-M2F)

This strongly suggests Knochenhauer is a plausible and temporally compatible spelling for our time period.

Name notes:
Originally submitted as Thorlein Knochenhaur, discussion with the submitter revealed this to be a typographical error when filling out the submission form. This has been corrected at Kingdom to meet the submitter's desires.

This is a Lilies War submission.


My thanks to the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, the Laurel Staff and the SCA College of Arms for their consideration of this letter.

Ich dien,
Gotfrid von Schwaben
Saker Herolt


OSCAR counts 12 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 9 New Devices and 2 New Badges. These 24 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $96 for them. There are a total of 24 items submitted on this letter.