Calontir LoI dated 2017-05-30

Grüß Gott!

Unto Emma de Fetherstan, Laurel; Alys Mackyntoich, Pelican, Brunissende Dragonette, current Wreath, Cormac Mor, transitioning Wreath, and the esteemed members of the College of Arms does Herr Gotfrid von Schwaben, Saker Herolt of the Kingdom of Calontir send warmest greetings. As I begin my office with this first Letter of Intent, I wish to thank my predecessor, Lady Alexandra Vasquez de Granada, called Shandra, for the opportunity to serve Calontir and the Laurel College of Arms in this new capacity. I realize I have a large set of boots to fill and can only hope to serve as well and honourably as she has.

The Calontir College of Heralds presents this Letter of Intent for your consideration requesting registration of the following submissions:

1: Axed Root, Canton of - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 1985, via Calontir.

Gules, on a bend azure fimbriated a double-bitted poleaxe bendwise and in canton sinister a laurel wreath Or.

Old Item: Or, a double-bitted poleaxe sable between two boars' heads couped respectant gules all within a laurel wreath vert., to be retained as a badge.

The group would like to keep their old device as Ancient Arms. A petition consisting of signatures from the officers and populace members was included with this submission.

The Or is clearly yellow on the form, any darkening is an artifact of scanning.

Commentary noted the fimbriation to be somewhat thin and placement/size of the wreath could be improved upon. We feel these details should not be an impediment to registration, but certainly worth an artist's note. Rather than delay the submission any longer, we are forwarding this item to Laurel cognizant of these noted faults.

2: Axel Sialfason - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in April of 2012, via Calontir.

Old Item: Vimundr Sialfason, to be retained as an alternate name.

Axel: - Norse masculine given name found in the Diplomatarium Norvegicum [ ]
vol. 2, no. 968: Axel Olsson dated to 1492
vol. 2, no. 1037: her Axel Brade riddere dated to 1511
vol. 3, no. 352: Axel Ketilson dated to 1366
vol. 7, no. 387: Axel Petersson dated to 1431

The given name is also documented via SMP sn. Axel, p. 1 of the PDF [ l/Axel.pdf ]
Axel Ketilsson, Latin, dated to 1370
Axel Pætherssøn, dated to 1397

Sialfason: - Byname previously registered to the submitter in April 2012 via Calontir; submitter desires to retain this byname with this registration.

3: Brian Robert MacDougall - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in December of 2014, via Calontir.

(Fieldless) Two arrows inverted in saltire Or conjoined in base with a broken claymore argent hilted sable

During commentary, it was noted the term for the claymore is indeed broken with the jagged terminus hidden by the conjoining of the arrows in saltire vice fracted which would require both parts. We believe the blazon conjoined in base will yield this emblazon more readily than surmounted by will.

4: Gaius Flavius Auxilius - New Name

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Classical Roman) most important.

Gaius - praenomen
Flavius - nomen
Auxilius - cognomen

Praenomen and nomen documented via in "A Simple Guide to Imperial Roman Names" by Ursula Georges

Cognomen documented via David N. Dumville's book on Saint Patrick [ ilius%22&f=false ] Therein, Auxilius is described as an unusual cognomen found in Gaul in the late 4th or 5th C. Additionally, Auxilius is found as a nomen in the Epigraphic Database Heidelberg [ ]

Submitter originally submitted the name Gaius Flavius Primus Auxilius, however was not able to document the cognomen Auxilius. A request for assistance was made to locate proper documentation, and during commentary period Palimpsest was able to provide such. We thank her for that. At the Submitter's request, should Auxilius be documented, they desired to drop the cognomen Primus. We have adjusted this submission to meet their request.

5: Gisele de la Fontaine - New Badge

OSCAR finds the name on the Calontir LoI of March 31, 2017 as submitted.

(Fieldless) A spider argent maintaining a fountain

6: Hafr-Þórólfr - New Name

Language (Old Norse) most important.
Culture (Old Norse) most important.

Hafr-: GB, p. 22, prepended byname meaning "billygoat"

Þórólfr: GB, p. 16, masculine given name

7: Halfgrímr hafreki - New Name & New Device

Or, a peacock contourny, tail elevated and spread sable

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Culture (Old Norse or Icelandic) most important.
Meaning most important.

Halfgrímr: constructed given name, per SENA PN.1.B.2.b. The first element, Hálf-, is documented via Nordisk Runnamnslexikon Hálfburinn, and GB, p. 11, Hálfdan, Hálfgeirr. The second element, -grímr a common name element, is documented via GB, pp. 8 [Ásgrímr], 9 [Eldgrímr, Elliðagrímr], and 11 Hafgrímr, to name a few.

hafreki: descriptive byname based on Cleasby and Vigfusson sv. haf-reka, adj. indecl. "sea-wrecked, tossed about", Ann. 1347.

Also, Cleasby and Vigfusson sv. Haf-rekr haf-rekr, m. "sea-drifted".

Heine havreki or Heine the sea-drifted is the name of the hero of a Faroe legend, told by Schlyter in Antiqu. Tidskrift, 1849-1851. The legend makes him the father of the arch-pirate Magnus Heineson, a historical person, whose exploits are told in Debes' book; this Magnus, we may presume, served as a model to Scott's Pirate (that Scott knew of Debes is seen from note K to the Pirate). The Faroe legend bears a striking likeness to the Anglo-Norman Haveloc the Dane; both name and story may have a common origin, `Haveloc' being a corrupted French form, with 'r' changed into 'l' for the sake of euphony.

DEVICE NOTES: During the commentary period, it was noted:

A peacock is considered a poultry-shaped bird and does not get an SC from other poultry-shaped birds (chickens, quail, partridge, and peacocks). [ ]
It also doesn't even get a DC from generic birds. [ ]

Furthermore, it was suggested a possible conflict with Kathren of Sandesward [AUG 82, via Caid), Argent, a legless quail close to sinister reguardant sable. Researching the precedents of Elisabeth I Laurel [ ], we read the following:
Since then, François Laurel ruled (August 2003) that "Peacocks are close by default, with their tails extending behind them, and closed up (rather than being fanned out)", which seems to eliminate much of the need for pavonated in the first place. We hereby rule that pavonated will no longer be used in SCA blazons. Further, we'll be examining the registered peacocks, and where necessary, reblazoning them in accordance with the definitions below:

o peacock in his pride - statant affronty, tail raised behind him and spread out;
o peacock - facing dexter, wings close, tail downwards and closed or slightly spread (the default posture);
o peacock contourny - facing sinister, wings close, tail downwards and closed or slightly spread;
o peacock, tail spread - facing dexter, wings close, tail downwards and spread out;
o peacock contourny, tail spread - facing sinister, wings close, tail downwards and spread out.

Peacocks in other postures must be explicitly blazoned (e.g., rising).

When the peacock is in its default (i.e. with its tail downwards), there is no heraldic difference for the tail's exact placement (straight to base, curved bendwise, etc.), nor for the exact degree of the tail's spread (closed tight, slightly spread, etc.). [04/2007 CL]

Based on this, we have corrected the blazon and believe there exists sufficient DC's to clear potential conflict.

8: Kedivor ap Gwilym - Resub Name & New Device

Purpure, a pile vert fimbriated throughout argent

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Kedivor: Constructing 13th Century Welsh Names by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn, s.v. Cydifor, male given name dated to 1292-3
[ ]

ap: Welsh patronymic marker meaning son of

Gwilym: Snapshot of a Cantref: The Names and Naming Practices in a Mawddwy Court Roll of 1415-16 by Heather Rose Jones, header entry, male given name
[ ]

Submitter's previous name Kedivor Offeriot returned by Laurel on Jan 2017 LoAR for presumption. [ ]

This name must be returned because the byname Offeriot, meaning an ordained priest, is presumptuous. [Selewine sacerdos Guytherin, 10/2009 LoAR, A-An Tir] Bynames referring to ordination or its equivalent imply powers and thus are not registerable. Religious bynames that do not imply ordination, however, are registerable. [Cadan Sacart, 8/2012 LoAR, A-Caid]

DEVICE NOTES: Submitter's original device, Vert, a chausse purpure was previously returned at kingdom for color on color issues, per SENA A.3.B.3.d. This redesign will be new to Laurel.

While there was some discussion during commentary period regarding the width of the charge and whether it should be classified as a pile or as chausse. Both Garnet and Sea Stag quoted the Pic Dic, stating:

The medieval pile is about one-third the shield's width at top, and is throughout to the base point; the Tudor pile is wider and squatter, and does not reach all the way throughout.
[ ]

We believe this redraw, approved by the submitter, satisfies those parameters as a Tudor pile throughout.

9: Mag Mor, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2001, via Calontir.

Award of the Anchor

Submission follows the meta pattern for use of a heraldic charge listed in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) [ ]

Award: designator listed in SENA appendix E [ ]

of the: articles linking the designator and substantive element

as a period word: The OED s.v. 1. anchor, n.1 dates anchors in that spelling to 1591, ancor to c880, and ancris to c1382. It also dates other spellings to OE and ME.
as a period charge: The Pic Dic dates an anchor used as a charge to c1410.

Note: The barony would prefer to have this translated to Gaelic. Unfortunately, we cannot document the meta-pattern to that language. If someone could help us get Gaelic for Award of the Ancaire, that would be fabulous.

10: Mag Mor, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2001, via Calontir.

Award of the Aurochs of Mag Mor

Submission follows the meta pattern for for use of a heraldic charge listed in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) [ ]

Award: designator listed in SENA appendix E [ ]

of the: articles linking the designator and substantive element

as a period word: The OED s.v. aurochs n says that aurochs comes from Old Germanic and other languages. "Etymology:  < German aurochs, obsolete form of auerochse < Middle High German ûr-ochse, Old High German ûr-ohso, < ûr = Old English úr, Old Norse úrr, Old Germanic *ûrus, the Urus, + German ochs, Middle High German ochse, Old High German ohso, ox. The Latin ūrus and Greek οὖρος were adopted from the Old Germanic word, of which the derivation is uncertain.(Show Less)" I hope this is enough to ask for the lingua anglica allowance to get aurochs in Modern English.
as a period charge: The Pic Dic dates the bull to at least 1370 As a bull is an ox (or perhaps vice versa), and since ox came from aurochs, we believe it stands to reason an aurochs is a charge variation of a bull.
additional research regarding the aurochs: Green Anchor, while noting the source is not considered the most scholarly, provided the following observations:

W*******a says the last aurochs died in 1627 in Poland. So it was known to Europeans in our period, especially early in our period. It was used as a charge in heraldry in Central Europe: "In Central Europe, the aurochs features in toponyms and heraldic coats of arms. For example, the names Ursenbach and Aurach am Hongar are derived from the aurochs. An aurochs head, the traditional arms of the German region Mecklenburg, figures in the coat of arms of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The aurochs (Romanian bour, from Latin būbalus) was also the symbol of Moldavia; nowadays, they can be found in the coat of arms of both Romania and Moldova. In modern-day Romania, villages are named Boureni. The horn of the aurochs is a charge of the coat of arms of Tauragė, Lithuania, (the name of Tauragė is a compound of taũras "auroch" and ragas "horn"). It is also present in the emblem of Kaunas, Lithuania, and was part of the emblem of Bukovina during its time as an Austro-Hungarian Kronland. The Swiss Canton of Uri is named after the aurochs; its yellow flag shows a black aurochs head. East Slavic surnames Turenin, Turishchev, Turov, and Turovsky originate from the Slavic name of the species tur.[82] In Slovakia, toponyms such as Turany, Turíčky, Turie, Turie Pole, Turík, Turová (villages), Turiec (river and region), Turská dolina (valley) and others are used. Turopolje, a large lowland floodplain south of the Sava River in Croatia, got its name from the once-abundant aurochs (Croatian: tur). The ancient name of the Estonian town of Rakvere, Tarwanpe or Tarvanpea, probably derives from "Aurochs head" (Tarvan pea) in ancient Estonian." -- [ ] Wikipedia is not the best source, but it does have a picture of an auroch's head on the coat of arms of Moldavia, dated to 1481.

of Mag Mor: This was added to clear conflict with Aurochs Pursuivant, which was registered to East, Kingdom of the [MAY 81, via Laurel] and transferred to Drachenwald, Kingdom of [MAY 96, via Drachenwald]. This heraldic title was subsequently registered to Drachenwald, Kingdom of [MAY 96, via Drachenwald]. Mag Mor is a branch name registered [OCT 82, via the Middle], and was updated to Mag Mor, Barony of [JUL 01, via Calontir].

Note: The Barony would prefer the Award of the Ancient Aurochs. Unfortunately, we cannot document a time + charge meta pattern. If anyone can help with this, we would appreciate it.

11: Mag Mor, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2001, via Calontir.

Order of Gwyneth's Harp

Submission follows the meta pattern of orders being named after Saint's name + other listed in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) [ ]

Order: designator listed in SENA appendix E [ ]

of: articles linking the designator and substantive element

Gwyneth's: The name Gwyneth Espicier was registered [DEC 88, via Calontir]

Possessive form: Lingua anglica allowance
1) [ ] allows orders to be named after secular founders. This order is named after Gwyneth Espicier, the first member of the order and a harp.

2) [ The acceptance of the Award of Arielle says in part, "Given the positive commentary, we are hereby changing RfS II.5 to allow branches to use the grandfather clause for elements which are part of the registered names of citizens of their branches. We are soliciting the College's commentary on the precise wording of the rules change; for more information, see the Cover Letter. However, because the precise details of the wording will not affect the registerability of the current submission, we are able to register this award name at this time."

as a period word: The OED n.1 1.a dates harp in this spelling to 1382
as a period charge: The Pic Dic dates the harp as a charge to c.1450, in the arms of Lantschad or Landschaden [Ingeram 268] [ ].

12: Mag Mor, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in July of 2001, via Calontir.

Order of the Heart of Mag Mor

Submission follows the meta pattern for use of a heraldic charge listed in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith) [ ]

Award: designator listed in SENA appendix E [ ]

of the: articles linking the designator and substantive element

as a period word: The OED s.v. heart, n., inf., adv. A. n. I.1.a. dates heorte to a1225 and heart to a1616. The meaning given is, "(a) The hollow muscular organ which performs the function of a pump in the circulatory system, receiving blood from the veins and contracting to propel it into the arteries."
as a period charge: Parker's Dictionary of Heraldry s.v. heart, dates the heart as a charge to 1259.

of Mag Mor: Mag Mor is a branch name registered [OCT 82, via the Middle], and was updated to Mag Mor, Barony of [JUL 01, via Calontir].

13: Teodric Ó Dubhghaill - New Name & New Device

Quarterly Or and azure, in bend two Tau crosses purpure

Submitter desires a masculine name.

Teodric: Withycombe, p. 278, s.n. Theodoric, Old English masculine given name, spelling dated to 1086.

Ó Dubhghaill: constructed clan affiliation byname which follows the standard method formation pattern of [<single given name> Ó <eponymous clan ancestor's name (in genitive case)>] evidenced in Quick and Easy Gaelic Names (3rd Edition) by Sharon L. Krossa, s.v. Clan Affiliation Byname [ ]

eponymous clan ancestor's name (in genitive case): derived from Index of Names in Irish Annals: Dubgall / Dubhghall by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien) [ ] where it lists Early Modern Irish Gaelic Dubhghall, and its genitive form Dubhghaill, dated to 1268. Source further cites OCM, p. 79, s.n. Dubgall for the name.

SENA Appendix C allows the lingual mix of OE and Gaelic; given name and byname are less than 300 years apart.

Device notes: Commentary raised the question whether or not the blazon required the phrase in bend to denote the positioning of the Tau crosses. While one argument could be made for the field tinctures to force the crosses to be in bend by default, an equal argument was made that with the field being technically neutral, in theory the crosses could be placed in pale or in fess. As a result, to insure placement according to the Submitter's desires, we have left the blazon intact.

14: Úlfr Þorgrimsson - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in February of 2016, via Calontir.

Gyronny arroundi argent and azure, a double tressure sable

The original submission was returned on the 12-2016 LoAR:

Gyronny arrondi argent and azure, a bordure sable.

This device is returned administratively. There was no mention on the Letter of Intent that the device had been redrawn after kingdom commentary, nor whether the submitter had approved the redraw.

This device is also returned for conflict with the device of Tómas Tryggvason: Gyronny arrondy of six azure and argent, on a bordure sable three plates. SENA A5G1d explicitly states that we do not give a DC for the difference between gyronny of six and gyronny of eight; thus the only DC is for the removal of the tertiary plates.

We believe this redraw, done with the Submitter's approval, addresses those issues and clears the conflict.

During the commentary period, discussion raised the issue of this redraw being widdershins where the original submission was deosil, and placement of the gyrons. In regards to widdershins vice deosil, Sea Stag noted:

We do not specify the direction in which a field division arrondy spins and have not for some time. A recent example of this is:

Mercurio da Spin
This name was registered in June of 2014 (via Atenveldt). The following device associated with this name was registered in December of 2016 (via Atenveldt): Gyronny arrondi azure and ermine, in saltire a rapier and a comet Or.

Included was the emblazon registered clearly showing a widdershins arrangement of the gyrons. While we could not find a specific precedent regarding gyronny arrondi1 to further enforce Sea Stag, the Pic Dic, s.v. Schnecke [ ] states:
[redacted for brevity]... in French blazon, it's [Schnecke] termed un gyron gironnant, "a spiraling gyron". ... whether it spirals deasil or widdershins is left to the artist.
As such, it stands to reason that gyronny arrondi, being closely related to the Schnecke, would also not be distinctly different in regards to spin direction.

Regarding placement of the gyrons and blazon, the precedents of Elisabeth I Laurel state:
...gyronny arrondi may be drawn so that the corners of the shield are in the center of a gyron rather than having the line of division issue from the corner. This emblazon of gyronny arrondi has no heraldic difference from the standard gyronny arrondi or from gyronny. The use of a central charge on a field drawn in this manner is one step from period practice. [07/2005 CL]
[ ]

1 We could only find a Laurel precedent regarding widdershins and deosil in terms of in annulo charge groups.

My thanks to the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, the Laurel Staff and the SCA College of Arms for their consideration of this letter.

Ich dien,
Gotfrid von Schwaben
Saker Herolt

OSCAR counts 4 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 4 New Order Names, 3 New Devices, 1 New Device Change and 2 New Badges. These 15 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $60 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Name and 1 Resub Device. These 2 items are not chargeable. There are a total of 17 items submitted on this letter.