Middle LoI dated 2017-03-31

Unto Andrewe Laurel, Lillia Pelican, Brunissende Wreath, and the rest of the College of Arms, does Sybella of Dragon's Mark, Rouge Scarpe Herald, send greetings.

This is the Middle Kingdom Letter of Acceptance and Returns for the items on the December 30th, 2016 ILoI, which can be found here: https://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingloi.php?kingdom=4&loi=4293

My sincerest thanks to: Daniel the Broc, Michael Gerard Curtememoire, Basil Dragonstrike (Lions Heart), ffride wlffsdotter, Ursula Georges (Palimpsest),

Dai Gerdwr, Maridonna Benvenuti, Best Pickel Ambberger, Calybrid Ine Tere (Escutcheon), Coblaith Muimnech, Lilie Dubh inghean ui Mordha,

Rhieinwylydd verch Einion Llanaelhaearn (Lions Blood), Ragna Ulfsdottir, Katherine Coscombe, Kolosvari Arpadne Julia, Palotzi Marta and Konrad Mailander (Dragon) for their commentary.

It is the intent of the College of Heralds of the Middle to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity and allows any changes.

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

1: Ailith the Kind - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2010, via the Middle.

Per bend sinister wavy argent and vert, a thistle proper and a garb Or and for augmentation on a chief purpure a compass star Or.

In Commentary:

Michael Gerard Curtememoire:

The star is just recognizable enough, I think.

But I believe the head matter needs to state the date her augmentation was granted from which kingdom.

Basil Dragonstrike (Lions Heart):

No conflict, not surprisingly. AIUI, a thistle proper has only the "tuft" purpure/gules, and the "ball" should be vert. I believe this needs at least an artist's note.

Michael Gerard Curtememoire:

Concur. Heraldic artists aren't required to be botanists, but this error seems a little too obvious (now that it's called to my inattentive attention).

Nor is the representation grandfathered. The original registration is OSCAR-era, at https://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=14279, and is correctly emblazoned.

Correction to Device (2017-Apr-29 19:04:56): This is a New Augmentation of Arms not a New Device.

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

2: Barony of Illiton - New Badge

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

(Fieldless) On a goblet Or a lymphad proper

Listed on the forms as being submitted by John Inchingham. John was the Baron-elect for Illiton at the time of Pennsic. Since he was not yet Baron he could not submit these in the Barony's name. He was invested August 27th, 2016 and requested that the badges be submitted under the Barony's name.

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

3: Brigid inchean Maol Mhíchíl - New Name & New Device

Per pale sable and gules all estencely, a phoenix argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound most important.

<Brigid> is documentable as a Saint's name from Catholic Encyclopedia Online. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02784.htm, which references her relics being (re)discovered and venerated in 1185 as well as her inclusion in the Stowe Missal of the 8th or 9th century.

<Maoil Mhíchíl> is the Early Modern Irish Gaelic genitive form of the masculine name <Maol Mhíchíl>, which has five citations dated between 866 and 1220 in "Index of Names Found in Irish Annals" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (Kathleen M. O'Brien) at http://medievalscotland.org.kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/MaelMichil.shtml

In Commentary: Coblaith Muimnech at 2016-08-28 23:25:38

I don't see anything here to support "inchean". SENA Appendix A states that "ingen [given name]" and "inghean [given name]" require no further documentation, but they're the only feminine Gaelic patronyms on that list (http://heraldry.sca.org/sena.html#AppendixAGaelic), so unless the submitted form is a typo, it'll need backing up.

Dai Gerdwr at 2016-08-30 10:16:45

From a language perspective I am fairly certain there is no way we would see the ch come from the g/gh form, so I'd be very surprised to see any kind of IAP.

Lilie Dubh inghean ui Mordha at 2016-09-05 10:06:16

SENA Appendix A does indeed state that the use of 'ingen' is the proper way to say 'daughter of' in that time period. There is no reference to 'inchean' anywhere in my Gaelic reference books or sites.

The other name elements check out fine.

Rhieinwylydd verch Einion Llanaelhaearn (Lions Blood) at 2016-09-05 15:15:21

The submitter is an old friend of mine and I helped with her paperwork, despite being out of kingdom. The form I sent her was intended to say inghean, so either it is a typo or a mistranscription :)

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

4: Cole O'Doran - New Name

Cole O'Doran

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No changes.

Cole - Multiple entries on Familysearch.org, including one for Cole Bocher:

"England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NLH6-35L : 6 December 2014), Cole Bocher, 24 Aug 1558; citing Hernhill, Kent, England, reference ; FHL microfilm 1,836,276.

O'Doran - http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnglicizedIrish/Masculine.shtml

Cahyre m'Wm. O Doran - 1601

Connor O Doran - 1599

David O Doran - 1599

And several others.

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

5: Cynnabar, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Award of Elephants Heart

Sound (Elephant's Heart) most important.

Award name submitted as Award of the Elepant's Heart.

Award of Elephants Heart is an order name composed of the possessive form of a personal name + heraldic charge.

Elephant is a late-period English surname used as a given name. The FamilySearch IGI database records the marriage of Edmond Elephant in Bideford,Devon,England in 1587 in batch M05032-1.

The OED s.v. heart, n., int., and adv. states that the modern spelling has been in use since Middle English.

The barony would prefer the name Award of the Elephants Heart if such a construction can be documented

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

6: Cynnabar, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Award of the Elephants Tusk

Award of the Elephants Tusk is an order name based on a heraldic charge.

Examples of complex heraldic charges used in medieval order names in Juliana de Luna's article "Medieval Secular Order Names" ( http://medievalscotland.org/jes/OrderNames/ ) include Crowned Ibex and Prisoner's Iron.

The Oxford English Dictionary s.v. elephant states the modern spelling of the word was used from the fifteenth century onward.

The Oxford English Dictionary s.v. tusk, n.1. states the modern spelling of the word was used from the sixteenth century onward.

In Commentary:

Basil Dragonstrike (Lions Heart)

Parker (at https://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglosse.htm#Elephant) mentions tusks being used, but (A) doesn't date it and (B) gives "Defense" (or "Elephant's Defense") as the blazon used. I'm not sure if an "Elephant's Tusk" is a period heraldic charge (though I suspect it is).

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

7: Cynnabar, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Award of the Silver Tower of Cynnabar

Award of the Silver Tower of Cynnabar is an order name based on a heraldic charge.

The Oxford English Dictionary s.v. silver, n. and adj. states the modern spelling of the word has been used from Middle English until the present day.

The Oxford English Dictionary s.v. tower, n.1. states the modern spelling of the word was used from the fifteenth century onward.

The branch name Cynnabar, Shire of was registered in January of 1996 (via the Middle). The group is now a barony.

In Commentary:

Basil Dragonstrike (Lions Heart)

Clear of:

Silver Tower, Order of the

This order name was registered to Settmour Swamp, Barony of in March of 1983 (via the East).

due to adding "of Cynnabar". Nothing else close.

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

8: Cynnabar, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Order of the Watch of the Tower

This is an order name composed of a heraldic charge + building.

The OED s.v. watch, n. (21) dates the word "watch" in the sense "a small time-piece" to 1590 in this spelling. The Barony would prefer the sense "sentinel" (12) if this construction is deemed plausible.

Examples of order names incorporating a building name from Juliana de Luna, "Medieval Secular Order Names" (medievalscotland.org/jes/OrderNames/Courtly_Orders_and_Awards.shtml) include:

Ritterbruder[schaft] des Conventes unseres lieben Frau Ingensande 'Knightly Brotherhood of the Convent of Our Lady at the Sand'

Societas capelle dominorum Templois 'society of chapel of the lords of the Grail-Templars'

Societas capelle sancti Georgii Templois 'society of the chapel of Saint George of the Grail-Templars'

Consortium seu societas milita Beate Marie Nobilis Domus apud Sanctum Odoenum prope Sanctum Dyonisium in Franci 'the company or knightly society of the Blessed Mary of the Noble House at Saint Ouen near Saint Denis in France'

Inclita Stellifera Congregatio nostra militaris apud Sanctum Audoenum in Domo Nobili 'Our Illustrious Starbearing Knightly Congregation in the Noble House at Saint Ouen'

A tower is comparable in scale to a chapel or a noble house. The OED s.v. tower, n.1 dates this spelling to the fifteenth century.

The Barony will accept the form Order of Towers Watch if necessary for registration, but prefers a name referencing a literal watch and a literal tower.

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

9: Genevote Cheval - New Name & New Device

Vert, a horse couchant regardant Or, a bourdure argent semy-de-lys vert

No major changes.
Language most important.
Culture (French) most important.
Meaning (wants horse to be part of the name) most important.

Genevote-Found in "An index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" by Colm Dubh. URL:http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paris.html#G

Chevale-s.n.Chevale. Chevale dated to 1457, 1 instance; Chevaul dated 1418, 1 instance. Found in "Names from Lallaing 1384-1600" by Domhnall na Moicheirghe.


In Commentary:

Michael Gerard Curtememoire at 2017-02-01 22:07:13

The spelling submitted is not documented. However, FamilySearch has several French gray-period records for it, at least two with adequately readable images that appear to be from a contemporary document. (Several other hits there on Cheval, 1000-1600, France, that show the same source, "France, Protestant Church Records, 1536-1894", have handwriting on what seem to be printed forms that don't look to me like something produced before the American Revolution. E.g., first image below from https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FG97-M4R for one Quantin <Cheval>, which I am therefore NOT submitting as evidence.)

Mathieu <Cheval>, married 14 March 1649, Annonay, Ardèche, France, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FG9S-JWL, second image below.

Jean <Cheval>, died 01 Aug 1639, Annonay, Ardèche, France, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:FG9S-WPX, third image.

The links each offer a whole page of entries that includes the name sought, from which I've extracted a detail here.

1: Image 1 https://oscar.sca.org/cImages/1706/2017-02-01/22-07-14_Quantin_Cheval_name.PNG

2: Image 2 https://oscar.sca.org/cImages/1706/2017-02-01/22-07-14_Mathieu_Cheval_name.PNG https://oscar.sca.org/cImages/1706/2017-02-01/22-07-14_Mathieu_Cheval_name.PNG

3: Image 3 https://oscar.sca.org/cImages/1706/2017-02-01/22-07-14_Jean_Cheval_name.PNG

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1282/2017-04-01/21-53-13_22-07-14_Quantin_Cheval_name.PNG
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1282/2017-04-01/21-53-13_22-07-14_Mathieu_Cheval_name.PNG
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1282/2017-04-01/21-53-13_22-07-14_Jean_Cheval_name.PNG

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

10: Pellegrina da Canal - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language most important.
Culture most important.

Pellegrina - Italian names from Imola, 1312 by Sara L Uckelman


finds 3 instances of Pellegrina

Feminine Given Names from Thirteenth Century Perugia, by Arval Benicoeur


finds 1 instance of Pelegrina

Names from Sixteenth Century Venice by Juliana de Luna


finds 1 instance of Pelegrina and also finds da Canal used as part of a complete name (Iseppo da Canal)

Names from 13th and 14th Century Latin Records from Glascony by Sara L Uckelman


finds 1 instance of Pelegrina

Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names by Arval Benicoeur


finds da Canal (the second most common surname in Venice)

In Commentary:

Maridonna Benvenuti at 2017-02-01 05:43:33

For Arval's Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names the correct url is http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/

The url for Feminine Given Names from Thirteenth Century Perugia is http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/perugia/perugiaFemAlpha.html

Italian names from Imola is http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/imolafemalph.html

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

11: Ragna stórráda Ulfsdóttir - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Meaning (Wolf (úlfr)) most important.

Ragna appears in Orkneyingasaga (c. 1200)

storrada appears in Haralds saga Gráfeldar, ch 11.

Ulfr (matronymic) appears in Geirr Bassi, p15, sn úlfr; FJ p 347 sn

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

12: Rüdiger of the Flaming Gryphon - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2016, via the Middle.

Per chevron vert and sable two bears combatant OR and a tower argent.

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

13: Siobhan an Einigh - New Device

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Siobhán an Einigh in February of 2013, via Calontir.

Argent, on a pale azure between two triskelions of spirals purpure, an increscent argent.

NOTE from Rouge Scarpe: In original letter, there was concern that the azure and purpure became the same color in the final color-corrected version. I simply advanced the contrast of the original scan to compensate.

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

14: Siobhan an Einigh - New Badge

OSCAR thinks the name is registered as Siobhán an Einigh in February of 2013, via Calontir.

Argent, a pink flamingo proper within bordure azure.

In Commentary:

Daniel the Broc--

I think we're clear.

Close, but clear of "Argent, a brown wren close proper, a bordure azure."

DCs for change of tincture, and at least a DC (if not a full SC for change of type of bird from "regular" to "swan shaped"

Michael Gerard Curtememoire--

Definitely an SC. SENA, Appendix M:

Birds in a different category can be substantially different in type if they are in two different groups and are in a period posture for that sort of bird

combined with http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2012/09/12-09lar.html#Outlands_acceptances44 s.n. Anzelm Kowalski:

We are explicitly defining the posture close to be default for all types of stork-like birds. The exact positioning of the legs, whether statant or passant or with one leg raised as in this stereotypical flamingo pose, is generally considered non-blazonable artistic detail. Cranes are an exception, as their default is in its vigilance, a pose in which the crane is close, but which also includes holding a stone in one upraised foot.

Basil Dragonstrike (Lions Heart)--

I agree, though please note this is "crane shaped" not "swan shaped".

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

15: Úlfrún Biornsdottir - New Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Middle LoI of October 29, 2016 as submitted.

Azure, a unicorn and a wolf combatant and in chief a decrescent argent.

Permission to redraw in order to prevent conflict and bring emblazon into accord with blazon granted by submitter.

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

16: Veoreos Miklos - New Name & New Device

Azure, an eagle sable in dexer chief a decrescent and in sinister chief a mullet of eight points argent.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Language (Hungarian) most important.
Culture most important.

Veoreos - Kazmer Miklos:_Regi Magyar csaladnevek szotara_. Magyar Nyelvtudomanyi Tarsasag, Budapest, 1993"

1595: Veoreos Fabianne...(MNyj. 6:74)" and "1599: Veoreos O (Bihar m.193)

Miklos- Hungarian Personal Names of the 16th Century by Walraven van Mijmegen dates Miklos to 1560.

In Commentary:

Kolosvari Arpadne Julia---

You're missing the header in Kázmér; it's Veres. It's a descriptive byname meaning 'red'. You also missed a few slightly earlier cites for this spelling: 1584 veoreos demeteor, 1589 Veoreos Pal. Also, the 1599 citation is better represented as "Veoreos -0-" or some such: Kázmér uses a null sign (zero with a slash) to indicate that the source recorded a bare surname, without a given name to go with it. And finally, you'll notice that I skipped Kázmér's source citations: without the extensive list of abbreviations to consult, they amount to alphanumeric gibberish. This is similar to how we generally cite R&W and other common sources.

Oh, and I just noticed a typo: it's Nijmegen with an 'N', not an 'M'.

Basil Dragonstrike (Lions Heart)----

The included documentation does not have Veoreos. Kolosvari Arpadne Julia seems to have the cited work, so I'll accept her documentation. ;-)

I didn't find any conflict.

Kolosvari Arpadne Julia---

Image 3 of the included documentation has four period examples of Veoreos. They're all at or near the top of the last column, starting with the first line (1584: veoreos demeteor). You're right that it's not the header spelling, though, which should've been specified as Veres.

In Commentary:

Daniel the Broc at 2017-02-01 13:46:24

Is the submitter attempting to do an IAP for a black charge on a blue field?

If not, then this has contrast issues.

Konrad Mailander (Dragon) at 2017-02-01 19:56:35

Yes this is an IAP for Hungarian arms. I did the work a few years ago. I'll track down the images.

Michael Gerard Curtememoire at 2017-02-02 00:21:00

Strongly reminiscent of but clear from the important non-SCA arms of Moldavia, Dec 2003, Azure, an eagle displayed Or, beaked and membered gules, maintaining in its beak a Latin cross, between in chief a sun and an increscent Or.

However, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coat_of_arms_of_Romania and https://griffinrampant.wordpress.com/2014/03/09/arms-of-romania-1866-1921/ declare that those are the arms of Wallachia, at least as represented in the marshalled arms of Romania. Moldavia gets an aurochs, not listed in the O&A.

I like the between in chief phrasing but wouldn't insist on it here.

Kolosvari Arpadne Julia at 2017-02-02 20:27:05

This is very strongly reminiscent of Transylvania's coat of arms (https://hu.wikibooks.org/wiki/C%C3%ADmerhat%C3%A1roz%C3%B3/Erd%C3%A9ly_c%C3%ADmere), or the top half thereof (which is traditionally the part representing Hungary). The arms were officially awarded by Maria Theresa, but the design was first developed in the 1590s, under Báthory Zsigmond. (The placement of the parts took a while to "solidify".)

Michael Gerard Curtememoire at 2017-02-02 21:54:25

Even if that part is treated as a marshalled coat--which would be ahistorical, according to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_coat_of_arms_of_Transylvania, in particular the enraged-chicken depiction at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Coa_Transylvania_Country_History_v4.svg, dated to 1596--it comes out as minimally different from the submission: 1 DC for types of secondary charges, and another for half their tinctures.

But definitely worth knowing.

Palotzi Marta at 2017-02-08 10:44:44

Given that the placement of the charges on Transylvania's arms varied, sometimes greatly, I think the only real difference between this and the eagle+sun+moon portion of Transylvania's arms is the tincture of the sun.

Given the submitter's name, I'm certain the resemblance is deliberate, but it's not good period recreation (ordinary people did not go around using a principality's arms), and it makes me very, very uncomfortable. I don't know whether it actually violates our presumption/conflict rules, but it certainly goes against their spirit.

Michael Gerard Curtememoire at 2017-02-08 20:18:48

I see your argument, and agree that placement varied greatly, as conveniently shown at http://wappenwiki.org/index.php/Principality_of_Transylvania. However, I'm curious about whether you've found the moon at dexter for Transylvania. Puttering around with Hungarian Wikipedia images and where they lead me, I haven't yet met that arrangement. It does occur with a deer and with a wolf* among the arms at my link above, but with the eagle and towers, it's always sun-&-moon, never moon-&-sun, either in redrawn cases like those, or in the few period images I've seen.

That page also shows a coat quartered by Sigismund Báthory that is interesting for our purposes: Azure, an eagle close contourny regardant wings displayed sable maintaining in its beak a Latin cross between in chief a sun Or and a decrescent argent. It too counts as clear from though rather reminiscent of this submission.

In any case: I think there's a more charitable way to interpret Miklos's imitation: As a statement of allegiance to Wallachia, on the pattern of the Guelph and Ghibelline chiefs in Italy. (What do we call those? "Chiefs of allegiance" seems not to be the phrase I'm half-remembering.)

I do concur that this concern should appear in the XLoI!


* That wolf is the House of Szapolyai's arms, used by various rulers of Hungary or parts of it: http://wappenwiki.org/index.php/House_of_Szapolyai.

Basil Dragonstrike (Lions Heart) at 2017-02-16 16:45:11

Closest is:

Victor Ispan

The following device associated with this name was registered in March of 2007 (via the East):

Azure, a raven sable perched atop a trimount vert and in chief two mullets argent.

One DC for posture, one for removing a charge group (the trimount, being a type of base, is a separate charge group from the mullets), and one for changing the type of half a charge group.

Victor's submission has some excellent IAP documentation. See:


Note that was pended, due to problems with the original documentation. I believe that documentation would suffice for this submission.

Kolosvari Arpadne Julia at 2017-02-27 12:49:21

Unfortunately the image links in that IAP no longer work: the Hungarian National Archives rearranged its website and no longer has the armorial up anywhere that I can find. The images can be found in the Hungarian Wikibooks armorial by searching for the names (for example https://hu.wikibooks.org/wiki/C%C3%ADmerhat%C3%A1roz%C3%B3/Peres_c%C3%ADmer). I've been meaning to come up with an amendment for Victor's docs so that other people (such as this submitter) can use them, but my copious spare time hasn't been sufficient.

Basil Dragonstrike (Lions Heart) at 2017-02-27 15:59:34

Oh dear.

Well, it looks like he'll have to go through hu.wikibooks.org bit by bit. At least I doubt he'll need as many examples as Victor gave.

The above submission has images. To view them, see the URLs below:
#1 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1282/2017-04-01/22-29-04_21-13-40_veoreos_name1_(1).jpg
#2 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1282/2017-04-01/22-29-06_21-13-41_veoreos_name2.jpg
#3 https://oscar.sca.org/showimage.php?I=1282/2017-04-01/22-29-07_21-13-43_veoreos_name3.jpg

In Service to the Client, Kingdom, and College,

Baroness Sybella of Dragon's Mark

Rouge Scarpe Herald

OSCAR counts 6 New Names, 4 New Order Names, 7 New Devices and 2 New Badges. These 19 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $76 for them. There are a total of 19 items submitted on this letter.