Drachenwald LoI dated 2017-03-31

Greetings unto the College of Arms, from Stefanu de Mohac, Albion.

It is the intent of the Drachenwald College of Heralds that the following submission be registered.

This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

1: Agnes Odygd - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Sound (It should sound like Agnes with a soft gn. Spelling is secondary.) most important.

Agnes is a given name found in a 15th century document in Diplomatarium Fennicum (http://extranet.narc.fi/DF/detail.php?id=3375):

The document, dated 12 April 1469, mentions "hustrv <Agnes Henricx dotter>" who gives away her belongings to her son.

Odygd is a byname found in a 15th century document in Diplomatarium Fennicum (http://extranet.narc.fi/DF/detail.php?id=2221):

The document, dated 19 June 1437, settles an argument between two siblings regarding the ownership of a house and land after their father <Karl Odygd> has passed away.


This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

2: Anna af Aarnimetsä - New Alternate Name

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 2000, via Drachenwald.

Aarnimetsän Mielivalta

No changes.
Language (Finnish) most important.

The alternate name, then mistakenly submitted as a New Name by Anna von Urwald (alternate name of and actively in use by Anna af Aarnimetsä), was previously returned in kingdom in 2016-03-13 (https://oscar.sca.org/kingdom/kingsingleitem.php?kingdom=14&id=62624). <Aarnimetsän> was submitted as based on the branch name <Aarnimetsä> but had to be returned due to Branch Name Allowance (SENA NPN.C.f.) requiring lingua Anglica form "of Branchname". Also the name constrcution pattern was found requiring further documentation. This resubmission addresses the issues.

Aarnimetsän Mielivalta is a properly constructed Finnish rendering of "Mielivalta of Aarnimetsä", consisting of the given name <Mielivalta> and locative <Aarnimetsä> in its genitive form <Aarnimetsän>. The construction of having the byname precede the given name appears to be at least Finnic in origin, quite possibly going as far as Finno-Ugric (considering it continues to exist in Hungary).

Mielivalta is a Finnish given name found in Vanhat nimityyppimme (Finnish Names) by Kerttu Katariinantytär Roisko (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/FinnishNamesArticle.htm):

s.n. MIEL-, MIELIVALTA. <Melevalta af Särkilakx> 1374. <Melewaldus> 1332, SB 69 (lat.).

(#1, #2, #3) The given name is found as <Melewaldus> in a document dated Feb 16, 1332 in the Turku Cathedral copy book (The Black Book). <Mielivalta> is the standard Finnish spelling, and although something like Meliwalda would have been more typical, it too fits within period spelling variation.

The Finnish form <Mielivalta> is found on the table of Proto-Finnic names (mislabelled as Finno-Ugric), originally from D.-E. Stoebke's 1964 Ph.D. thesis Die alten ostseefinnischen Personennamen im Rahmen eines urfinnischen Namensystems (Leibniz-Verlag, Hamburg, 1964), but changed from Proto-Finnic to Finnish forms, as found in Vanhat nimityyppimme (Finnish Names). Mēlivalta is hypothesized as a Proto-Finnic name; <Mielivalta> is the Finnish form.

Aarnimetsä is a plausible Finnish name of location.

Suomen sanojen alkuperä ('The origins of Finnish words', or the most recent etymological dictionary, published jointly by the Finnish Literature Society and the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland), vol. I, (1992) has <aarni> first as 'gigantic' as applied to trees, boulders, or people, and second as 'buried treasure', both with Germanic etymologies. There are no cognates in other Finnic languages, indicating that these are relatively new (perhaps Proto-Scandinavian) loans. Suomen sanojen alkuperä has cognates for _metsä_ 'forest' in Finnic and Sami languages. The compound <Aarnimetsä> would be either 'primeval forest' or 'forest with a treasure buried in it'.

Aarni is also a Finnish variant of the given name <Arn> / <Arne>. Seppo Suvanto, Vanhan Satakunnan henkilötiedosto (person database of old Satakunta), 2001 (http://www.narc.fi/suvanto/) has (among others) on page 125 <Arn Olaffsson> 1469. Spelling the name with a long A is not a problem (p. 196 has a variant form, with the finnish suffix -kka, spelled <Madz Arnick> in 1550 and <Madz Aarnick> in 1554). Dropping the genitive -n (or having it assimilated into the following m) would not be inconceivable either: for instance, the c. 1580 Stockholm Codex B96 (text available at http://kaino.kotus.fi/korpus/vks/meta/lait/martti.ml_rdf.xml) has both <Ölandimaa> and <Ölandin maalla>. This would make <Aarnimetsä> 'Arn's Forest'.

Any of these, but especially the last one, would be possible as place names.


This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

3: Anna von Urwald - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in November of 2000, via Drachenwald.

Old Item: Anna af Aarnimetsä, to be retained as an alternate name.
Submitter desires a feminine name.
No changes.

<Anna Tuomaantytär von Urwald> is currently registered as the submitter's alternate name; her current primary name is <Anna af Aarnimetsä>. She now wishes to register <Anna von Urwald> (without <Tuomaantytär>) as her primary name, retaining <Anna af Aarnimetsä> and <Anna Tuomaantytär von Urwald> (as well as the new alternate name <Aarnimetsän Mielivalta> submitted in this letter) as alternate names.

The submitter states that as <Tuomaantytär> is Finnish, while <von Urwald> is German, she wishes to use as her primary name the slightly more historically correct <Anna von Urwald>.


This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

4: Eira Orre - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name on the Drachenwald LoI of September 30, 2016 as submitted.

Azure, a bend gules fimbriated argent, overall a sun Or

4: Eira Orre - New Name (Edit) (Delete)

The device was previously submitted (http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=69107) and was returned in the December 2016 LoAR for a redraw:

"This device is returned for redraw. As depicted the fimbriation of the bend is almost inexistent and not distinguishable from an outline separating the bend and the field. A redraw was offered in commentary. We do not accept redraws after the letter is issued. On resubmission, please ensure that the fimbriation is wide enough and that the sun is large enough to avoid being barely overall.

There is a step from period practice for having an overall charge surmounting a fimbriated ordinary."

This resubmission addresses the thin fimbration.


This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

5: Gotvik, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Arrow of Saint Egon of Gotvik, Award of the

No major changes.

This award name follows the period pattern of naming after a saint + other, identified in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Award is a registrable designator (SENA Appendix E).

Arrow is a charge found in period arms.

Egon is a German male given name:

<Egon De Weyer> male, married 1640, Anholt Prussia. Batch no. M99207-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JHD3-MYB)

According to February 2015 LoAR cover letter under 'From Pelican: English-German Lingual Mixes' (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2015/02/15-02cl.html#2):

"we will allow the borrowing of given names from German into English and vice versa, in the context of the 16th and early 17th centuries. An English given name that is borrowed from German is considered to be English under Appendix C, and a German given name that is borrowed from English is considered to be German."

Thus a hypothetical English saint could be called "Saint Egon".

Gotvik is a branch name that was registered with the designator "Shire of" in September of 1996.


This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

6: Gotvik, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Dana the Brave of Gotvik, Award of

No major changes.

Gotvik was registered with the designator "shire of" in September of 1996.

The submitter provided no documentation for the construction of the name. Could this be documented as following the pattern of naming after a saint's name, identified in 'Medieval Secular Order Names' by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/)?

July 2007 LoAR: Barony of Caer Galen - Order name Order of Saint William the Cooper (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2006/07/06-07lar.html):

"The name William the Cooper is a well-formed English name whose elements can all be documented to period, therefore Saint William the Cooper is an expected construction."

<Award> is a registrable designator (SENA Appendix E).

<Dana>

The submitter offers Dana as a Bulgarian/Macedonian short form of Bogdana, a feminine form of Bogdan. The attached documentation doesn't include a date for Bogdan(a), but cites Wikipedia regarding the history of Slavic names (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavic_names):

After the ban on native non-Christian names imposed by the Council of Trent (1545-63), the Polish nobility (especially Protestants) attempted to preserve traditional names, such as Zbigniew and Jarosław. Ordinary people, however, tended to choose names solely from the Christian calendar; Slavic names that referred to God (e.g. Bogdan, Bogumił) were also permitted.

'Dictionary of Period Russian Names' by Paul Goldschmidt (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/bl.html):

Bogdana (f) -- "God-given." Fem of Bogdan.

Bogdana, daughter of Kher Zenov'ev, landowner. 1539.

Appropriate documentation for <Dana> would be appreciated.

<the Brave>

The submitter provided no documentation for <the Brave>, but the Lingua Anglica Allowance allows the registration of translations of attested and constructed descriptive and locative bynames into standard modern English. Depending on <Dana> being documentable for a period and area, <the Brave> could perhaps be documented in a compatible manner?


This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

7: Gotvik, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Ladle of Saint Sigerid of Gotvik, Award of the

No major changes.

This award name follows the period pattern of naming after a saint + other, identified in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Award is a registrable designator (SENA Appendix E).

Ladle is a period charge, found for example in the arms of de Cazaviis, c.1550, as can be seen in Insignia ... V. Insignia urbium Italiae septentrionalis: Nobilium Mediolanensium (http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00001430/images/index.html?id=00001430&groesser=&fip=193. 174.98.30&no=&seite=283) picture 283.

Sigerid is a female given name found in Scandinavian personal Names in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire by Gillian Fellows Jensen, p. 234 (https://books.google.fi/books?redir_esc=y&id=hQIJAQAAIAAJ&dq=Scandinavian+personal+Names+in+Lincolns hire+and+Yorkshire&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=Sigerid):

<Sigerid matris Denis> 1202. (#1)

Thus a hypothetical English saint could be called "Saint Sigerid".

Gotvik is a branch name that was registered with the designator "shire of" in September of 1996.


This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

8: Gotvik, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Ragenhild the Wise of Gotvik, Award of

No major changes.

This award name follows the period pattern of naming after a saint's name, identified in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Award is a registrable designator (SENA Appendix E).

Ragenhild is a given name found in [Reaney & Wilson]:

sn. Ragnell <Ragenhild> 1208.

the Wise can be documented as a Lingua Anglica translation:

[Reaney & Wilson] s.n. Froud has <le Frode> dated to 1334, for which R&W give the meaning "wise, prudent".

The Middle English Dictionary s.n. wis(e) (adj.) gives the example Rogerus le Wis dated to 1267.

Gotvik is a branch name that was registered with the designator "shire of" in September of 1996.


This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

9: Gotvik, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Saint Egon's Heart, Award of

No major changes.

Gotvik is a branch name that was registered with the designator "Shire of" in September of 1996.

This award name follows the period pattern of naming after a saint + other, identified in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Award is a registrable designator (SENA Appendix E).

Egon is a German male given name:

<Egon De Weyer> male, married 1640, Anholt Prussia. Batch no. M99207-1 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JHD3-MYB)

According to February 2015 LoAR cover letter under 'From Pelican: English-German Lingual Mixes' (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2015/02/15-02cl.html#2):

"we will allow the borrowing of given names from German into English and vice versa, in the context of the 16th and early 17th centuries. An English given name that is borrowed from German is considered to be English under Appendix C, and a German given name that is borrowed from English is considered to be German."

Thus a hypothetical English saint could be called "Saint Egon".

Heart is both a charge found in period, and the name of the blood-pumping organ that could hypothetically be venerated as a relic. The Oxford English Dictionary gives numerous examples of the organ being called a heart, with many spellings:

s.v. heart. The earliest spelled <heart> is early grey-period with a1616 Shakespeare Coriolanus (1623) i. i. 134:

"I send it through the Riuers of your blood Euen to the Court, the Heart."

Correction to Order Name (2017-Apr-10 11:04:14): Order name submitted is "Saint Egons Heart, Award of" (without an apostrophe in <Egons>) according to the submission form.


This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

10: Gotvik, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Silver Dolphin of Gotvik, Order of the

No major changes.

This order name follows the period pattern of naming after color + charge, identified in Medieval Secular Order Names by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

Examples of this pattern include such as 'Gold(en) Tree' (France) and 'White Greyhound' (Navarre).

Order is a registrable designator (SENA Appendix E).

Silver or white refers to the heraldic tincture argent.

Dolphin is a period charge found in the arms of Dauphin of France as early as c. 1370 as seen in The Armorial de Gelre by Heinenzoon, C., edited by C. Van den Bergen et al. Jan van Helmont, 1992 (orig. pub. c.1370); page 46 (http://www.heraldique-europeenne.org/Armoriaux/Gelre/F46r.htm#2).

Gotvik is a branch name that was registered with the designator "shire of" in September of 1996.


This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

11: Gotvik, Barony of - New Order Name

OSCAR is unable to find the name, either registered or submitted.

Wayfarers of the Barony of Gotvik, Order of the

No major changes.

Gotvik was registered with the designator "shire of" in September of 1996.

This order name follows the period pattern of naming after group of people, identified in 'Medieval Secular Order Names' by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/).

<Order> is a registrable designator (SENA Appendix E).

<Wayfarers>

Oxford English Dictionary (http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/226486?redirectedFrom=wayfarer#eid):

1551 T. Wilson Rule of Reason sig. Ljv, The <waiefarer> shall hardly come to his iorneis end, except he haue some money in his purse.

1602 R. Carew Surv. Cornwall i. f. 66, But in stead of remedy, they receyued in answere, that neither such an outcorner was frequented with many <wayfarers>, nor by hanging out signes..did they inuite any.

Correction to Order Name (2017-Apr-09 09:04:37): Order name submitted is "Wayfarers of Gotvik, Order of the" according to the submission form.


This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

12: Kaarina Eerikintytär - New Name & New Device

Gules, a frog and in chief three roundels argent.

Submitter desires a feminine name.
Language (Appropriate for Finland) most important.
Culture (Appropriate for Finland) most important.

Kaarina is a female given name, the Finnish form of <Karin> found in Vanhat nimityyppimme (Finnish Names) by Kerttu Katariinantytär Roisko (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/FinnishNamesArticle.htm). For example <Karin Månsdotter> in Finnish is <Kaarina Maununtytär>, and <Karin> or <Katarina Hansdotter> in Finnish is <Kaarina Hannuntytär>.

Eerik is a male given name, the Finnish form of <Erik> found in Vanhat nimityyppimme (Finnish Names) by Kerttu Katariinantytär Roisko (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/FinnishNamesArticle.htm). For example king Eric XIV of Sweden in Finnish is <Erik XIV>.

<Eerikintytär> is the Finnish patronymic "Eerik's daughter".

Written resources for the Finnish versions of the names are difficult to obtain as practically all official documents were written in Swedish and even the names were mainly recorded in their Swedish form. If the name is not documentable in the Finnish form, the submitter will accept the Swedish version of it, <Karin Eriksdotter>, as the written, official version of the name.

In Vanhat nimityyppimme (Finnish Names), Kerttu Katariinantytär Roisko writes (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/FinnishNamesArticle.htm):

"During the Swedish reign many of the scribes were actually Swedish speaking and utilized Swedish spelling for Finnish names. Therefore the spelling may not accurately reflect the actual pronounciation of the name."

Finnish language was widely used in the part of medieval Sweden that now is Finland, even if the surviving documents reflect the scribes mainly having been Swedish speaking.


This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

13: Marc Bogsveigir - New Name & New Device

Argent, on a bend sinister cotised sable, an arrow Or.

Submitter desires a masculine name.
Meaning (I want the name to mean archer or similar.) most important.

Marc is the submitter's legal given name. A scan of a legal document verifying this is provided in the package.

Bogsveigir is a byname listed in Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/vikbynames.html):

<bogsveigir> meaning bow-swayer, archer


This item was on the 06-2017 LoAR

14: Roderic Þorkelsson - New Name Change

OSCAR NOTE: the old name was registered in September of 2014, via Drachenwald.

Old Item: Roderic Turkillson, to be released.
Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.

The submitter wishes to change his registered byname (Turkillson) to <Þorkelsson>.

Roderic is to be grandfathered to the submitter.

Þorkell is a male given name found 58 times in Landnámabók according to [Geirr Bassi]. The genitive is <Þorkels>, which makes the expected patronymic byname <Þorkelsson>.

<Roderic Þórkelson> was previously submitted as a 'Request for name reconsideration from Roderic Turkillson' and was returned in LoAR June 2016:

"We note that had this name been submitted as a name change (which requires payment) rather than a request for reconsideration, Roderic would have been eligible for the grandfather clause. Grandfathered elements are neutral with respect to time and place, so the submitted name would have been registerable."


Any and all assistance will be gratefully accepted.

In service,

Stefanu de Mohac, Albion.

Drachenwald College of Heralds

albion@drachenwald.sca.org


OSCAR counts 3 New Names, 2 New Name Changes, 1 New Alternate Name, 7 New Order Names and 2 New Devices. These 15 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $60 for them. OSCAR counts 1 Resub Device. This item is not chargeable. There are a total of 16 items submitted on this letter.