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East LoI dated 2010-06-26

Unto Olwyn Laurel, Istvan Wreath, Juliana Pelican, the SCA College of Arms, and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Ása in Svarta, Blue Tyger Herald and Lillia de Vaux, Eastern Crown Herald.

We wish to thank Kolosvari Arpadne Julia for her years of excellent service, and also for her encouragement and advice in this transitional period.

It is the intent of Easterners to register the following items. Unless otherwise noted, the submitter has no desire for authenticity, allows any changes, and allows a holding name. I've used the "language" checkbox to correspond with the "language/culture" box on the name submission form, and the "culture" checkbox for "spelling".

This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

1: Álfrún Álfarssdóttir - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Language (Medieval Scandinavia) most important.
Culture (Medieval Scandinavia) most important.

The name was submitted as Alfrún Álfarssdóttir. Alfrún is found in Fellows-Jensen, Cleasby and Vigfusson, and Lena Peterson ("Nordiskt runnamnslexikon", http://www.sofi.se/servlet/GetDoc?meta_id=1472), according to the Viking Answer Lady (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensNames.shtml):

The first element Alf- is identical with Old Icelandic alfr, "elf."...The second element -rún is from OW.Norse rún, itself derived from Germanic *rúnó, with an original sense of "secret, hidden knowledge". As a second element -rún should be understood as having the meaning, "she who possesses hidden knowledge". Found in West Scandinavia as a mythological name, and as the Old English name Ælfrun. A short form of names in Rún- or -rún is Runa.

Álfarssdóttir is a patronym meaning 'daughter of Álfarr'. Alfarr is found in both Fellows-Jensen and Peterson, according to the same article (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml):

The first element Alf- is identical with Old Icelandic alfr, "elf, a type of subterranean being, ancestral spirit." Found in Old Danish as Alvar and in OW.Norse as Álfarr. Occurs in the runic accusative form alfar...The second element -arr has several possible origins. It may be from *-harjaR, "army leader, general, warrior", or from *-warjaR "one who wards, defender", or from *-gaiRaR "spear."

The same article (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONNames.shtml#general_info), citing Geirr Bassi (p17), states that the patronym for a daughter is formed by converting the name in the nominative case to the genitive case and adding dottir 'daughter'. In this case, this meant changing Álfarr to Álfarssdottir.

Julia Blue Tyger also noted that, although the name elements were not found in Geirr Bassi, the submitted name could be constructed from it. Names in Álf- included Álfgeirr, Álfjótr, Álfr, Álfráðr, Álfrimr, Álfvarinn (masc.), and Álfdís, Álfeiðr, Álfgerðr, Álfheiðr, Álfhildr, Álfífa (fem.). Names in -rún (all fem.) were Dagrún, Guðrún, (Jórunn, Kristrún), Mýrún, (Þórunn). (Names in parentheses may not be relevant.) Names in -arr (masc.) included Álarr, Ávarr, Eyjarr, Garðarr, Grímarr, Hreiðarr, Ísarr, Nollarr, Ormarr, Ónarr, Óttarr, Ragnarr, Sigarr, Steinarr, Úlfarr, Vestarr, Viðarr, Þjóðarr, Þórarr. As such, this name constuction seems to be plausible. Lastly, precedent states that names must be consistently accented throughout, the name was changed to Álfrún Álfarssdóttir.


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

2: Arthur Alyn - New Name & New Device

Or, a stag courant contourny and on a chief sable three bezants, each charged with a quatrefoil sable

Submitter desires a masculine name.
No major changes.
Sound (Allen) most important.
Language (Mid 14th Century England) most important.
Culture (Mid 14th Century England) most important.
Meaning (spelling 'Arthur') most important.

Arthur as a given name is dated 1415 in Arval Benicoeur and Talan Gwynek in "A List of 15th Century English Men's Names" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/agincourt/), 1564-1590s in Bardsley, (s.nn. Arthur and Greenacre), and from 1558 in Julian Goodwyn, "English Names Found in Brass Enscriptions" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/brasses/). Academy of Saint Gabriel report no. 3226 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/3226.html) states that the Latinized form, Arthurus, is dated 1189-1273, and that the vernacular form is Arthur. As a surname, it is found in 1246 in R&W (s.n. Arthur), 1273 in Bardsley (s.n. Arthur) and 1454 in Julian's article (ibid.). Arthur is also the submitter's legal given name, as verified on his driver's license by Eastern Crown.

Alyn is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Surnames from Exeter, 1489" (http://www.ellipsis.cs/~liana/names/english/exeter1489.html). It is described as being possibly derived from the matronym Aline. It appears in a patronymic byname, Willelmo Petro filio Alyn, dated 1224 ('Register of the Grey Friars of London: De conventu Londoniensi', The Grey Friars of London (1915), pp. 145-177. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51601&strquery=alyn). A Henry Alyn (also written as Henry Halyn), dated 1341, appears in 'Close Rolls, Edward III: March 1341', Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward III: volume 6: 1341-1343 (1902, pp. 17-41. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=99239&strquery=alyn). Although the latter text was likely translated into English from Latin, the surnames themselves do not appear to have been normalized. Additional spellings are Aleyn (1273), found in Bardsley (s.n. Allen); Alen (1199-1200), Aleyn (1285), and Alen (1577), found in Ekwall (s.nn. Allen); and Alein, found as the name of Chaucer's Clerk.

The submitter will not allow changes to the given name. He will allow minor changes to the byname as long as it retains the desired sound. Although he did not request authenticity on the form, in email communication with Eastern Crown, he expressed a desire for the byname to be authentic to the mid-14th century if possible. He prefers the submitted spelling to the more common ones.

For the device, the original blazon was that the bezants were voided of the quatrefoils. The effect that the submitter desired was that of an architectural motif, similar to that in Caid, Kingdom of, (Fieldless) A quatrefoil voided within and conjoined to an annulet agent, found at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=11142 (registered 02/2010). There is precedent stating that voiding is not allowed in any shape other than a simple geometric charge, or the charge itself if the charge is simple enough to void [Asa of the Wood, 11/97]. Although quatrefoils are simple, four-lobed shapes, it was thought that this would not be sufficiently simple under this precedent. As a result, this submission was reblazoned as having the quatrefoils as quaternary charges; this is also currently not permitted per RfS VIII.1.c.ii, Layer Limit. Rather than return this device, I point to the ongoing submission of Juliana de Luna, Sable, on a chevron Or between three gryphon's heads erased argent a crescent between two scallops azure and on a chief argent three torteaux each charged with a fleur-de-lys Or (http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=13425):

The particular motif of "on an ordinary charged roundels" is part of a very common Wriothesley pattern of charged roundels. Examples of this particular motif include:

Ermine, a chevron wavy azure between three Moor's heads and on a chief checky argent and gules a crescent Or between two pellets each charged with a dog courant Or. (Gwyn Jones, The Art of Heraldry, p. 98, partial)

Sable, on a chevron between three wings argent three torteaux each charged with a broadarrow Or. (Gwyn Jones, The Art of Heraldry, p. 96)

Argent, on a fess engrailed gules between three falcons rising azure three bezants charged with lion's heads sable. (Bedingfeld and Gwyn Jones, cover of DBA 1)

Gules, on a fess argent between three wings Or a torteaux charged with a lion passant Or between two bezants. (cover of DBA 1)

Paly Or and azure, on a chief argent three pellets each charged with a dove argent, all within a bordure gules charged with alternating escallops and birds Or. (cover of DBA 1, very partial, so it's possible that the charges are on the field but they don't look that way to me)

There are also numerous examples of "a roundel charged with a widget" on the field, which I think unnecessary to summarize here. Instead, I'll give a few more examples of quaternary charges:

Argent, a fret azure nailed Or, on a chief sable a stag statant Or between two mullets Or pierced gules. (cover of DBA 1)

Argent, on a chevron sable three wolves heads argent, on a chief azure a cross Or hurty between two martlets Or. (Bedingfeld and Gwyn Jones p. 62)

As charged roundels on chiefs are attested in late-period England, we are forwarding this for the College's consideration as an exception to RfS VIII.1.c.ii, with an appeal that the submission not be penalized for the lack of complexity compared to the Tudor examples.


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

3: Berric Grayveson - New Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2007, via the East

Per bend sinister counter-ermine and ermine, a dragon passant contourny gules and a bordure counterchanged

His name and a badge, (Fieldless) An anchor gules, were registered in 10/2007 via the East. His device, Per bend sinister beviled counter-ermine and ermine, a dragon passant to sinister gules was returned on the 12/2009 East Kingdom Letter of Decision (issued 03/10/2010) for conflict with Maythen Gervaise (04/1980, West), Per bend sinister sable and Or, a dragon counter-passant reguardant, wings addorsed, gules, and with Myfanwy ferch Rhiannon (05/1985, East), Erminois, a dragon passant to sinister regardant gules, maintaining in dexter foreclaw a fountain.

The submitter has has added a bordure to clear the conflicts, and has also removed the complex line of division, which had been unidentifiable to the kingdom commenters.


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

4: Bonajoia du Lyon - New Name

Submitter desires a feminine name.
No major changes.
Sound most important.

Bonajoia is dated to 1319 in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in a Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyAG.html). It is derived from the OFr 'good joy' or 'good jewel', and is one of the fanciful medieval feminine names listed on p. xli of R&W's introduction.

du Lyon is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf), as is the more likely form <de Lyon>. It is on p. 80 (p. 84 of the PDF) under Bynames: Locative and toponymic bynames, and occurs five times in the Census.

Although the given name is derived from a French phrase, it was found in English context. If this is considered as a combination of English and French, it is registerable without a step from period practice [Engelbert the Pious, 12/03].

No major changes to the given name, but any necessary changes can be made to the byname.


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

5: Brendan Firebow - Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in November of 1992, via the East

(Fieldless) On an oak leaf vert, a panther rampant guardant argent spotted vert and incensed proper

His name was registered in 11/1992 via the East. His device, Sable, on a bend enarched Or between two panthers rampant guardant argent spotted vert and incensed proper three oak leaves vert, was registered in 08/2009, also via the East. This badge was returned at the same time that the device was registered for conflict with the badge of Eleri of Nefyn, (Fieldless) On an oak leaf vert a hand argent. Permission to conflict has now been granted by Eleri:

I, <name>, known in the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc. ("SCA") as Eleri of Nefyn, hereby grant <name>, known in the SCA as Brendan Firebow, permission to register the following armory, (Fieldless) On an oak leaf vert, an English panther rampant guardant argent spotted vert and incensed proper, which has been determined to conflict with the badge registered to me: (Fieldless) On an oak leaf vert a hand argent. I understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once <name> registers the above armory. Signed & dated 2/25/10


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

6: Darius Aurelius Serpentius - New Request for Name Reconsideration

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in September of 2010, via the East

Darius Aurelius was registered in 05/2005 (East). The originally submitted name, Darius Aurelius Serpentius, was changed because the supernomen Serpentius was considered to be unique to the Roman emperor Livius Severus, also recorded as Livius Severus Serpentius, and was protected. Documentation has now been obtained showing that Serpentius was not unique to the Roman emperor.

W.R. Brownlow (ed.), Roma Sotterranea: or, An account of the Roman catacombs, Vol. 1, p. 171 (http://books.google.com/books?id=amIWAAAAYAAJ) gives the Latin text SEREPENTIVS EMIT LOC M A QUINTO FOSSORE AD SANTVM CRNELIVM, and the translation "Serpentius bought from Quintus the fossor a grave near St. Cornelius." This inscription is also referenced in The Princeton Theological Seminary, "The Beginnings of Saint Worship", The Princeton Theological Review, vol. vi (1908), p. 286 (http://books.google.com/books?id=3v4LAAAAIAAJ), with the translation "Serpentius bought this sepulchre near Saint Cornelius".

J. Schwab, "Nomina Propria Latina", in: Alfred Fleckeisen (ed.), Jahrbücher für classische Philologie: Supplementband, Vol. 24, (http://books.google.com/books?id=U5jcfRZW9yYC, p. 680) includes several men named Serpentius:

Serpentius gladiator Romæ in opere musivo VI 10206

Serpentius vinarius ibidem in titulo anni 368 VI 1766

Ostiae obvenit S]erpentius quidam in albo sacratorem saeculi alterius vergentis vel potius tertii XIV 286 I 13

Serpentius consul anno 462

(Assistance translating the above would be appreciated, as Eastern Crown's Latin knowledge was pretty limited.)

Die Kontorniat-Medaillons, Volume 2 By Andreas Alföldi, Elisabeth Alföldi-Rosenbaum, and Curtis L. Clay (http://books.google.com/books?id=8MfCfPfRuo0C, p. 215) lists names of athletes and gladiators found in various inscriptions from the late imperial period (4th-5th centuries), including another Serpentius:

Bonifatus Kat Nr. 477 Rs. Nr. 220 Taf 191,8,9 Der Name ist sehr häufig CIL VI 31893 E(w); VI9920 - 33817 (25): ein tabernarius unter Arcadius, Honorius, Theodosius II.; eine frühere Inschrift (kurz nacht 368) ILS 6072 = CIL. VI 31893ab: ein Mann, der zu denen gehörte, die pecu[niam ... et locum] specta-culis et panem populi contra disciplinam Romanam de re -vindicari consueverant. In dieser Inschrift werden auch ein Laurentius und ein Serpentius genannt.

Julia Blue Tyger supplied the translation for the last sentence: "Bonifatius Catalog number 477 [undeciphered abbreviations and numbers] The name is very frequent. [more undeciphered alphanumerics] a tabernarius under Arcadius, Honorius, Theodosius II.; an earlier inscription (shortly after 368) [alphanumerics]: a man that belongs to whom [Latin quote which is waaay beyond my capabilities]. In this inscription a Laurentius and a Serpentius are also named."

As the name does not appear to be unique to the emperor Livius Severus, the submitter wishes to reinstate the name to the originally submitted form.


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

7: Elizabeth Elenore Lovell - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in January of 1996, via the East

Or goutty de sang, a Catherine wheel sable and a bordure sable semy of bees Or

Old Item: Purpure, a bend engrailed between six hummingbirds hovering contourny argent, to be released.

Her name was registered 01/1996 and her device in 02/1997 via the East.


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

8: Francesco de Gremenis - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2009, via the East

Sable, a chevron cotised between two flames and a hammer Or

His name was registered 08/2009 via the East. His device, Sable, a chevron between two flames and an arm embowed, armored and gauntleted, maintaining a hammer bendwise inverted Or, was returned at the same time for either being slot-machine (if the hammer was sustained) or for conflict with the device of Bran Davison of Clan Chattan, Sable, a chevron ployé between two tabors and a boar's head couped Or (if the hammer was maintained), and for blurring the line between sustained and maintained (RfS Section VII.7.b). This resubmission adds cotises and eliminates the arm in order to address both issues.


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

9: Francesco de Gremenis - Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in August of 2009, via the East

Sable, a chevron cotised between two flames and a hammer Or

His name was registered 08/2009, via the East. His device and a badge, (Fieldless) On a flame Or a warhammer sable, were returned at the same time. The

badge was returned for conflict with the device of Kristen Ahearn, Vert, upon a ball of flame Or, a bull rampant to sinister, head lowered, sable.

Correction (2010-Jun-29 14:06:50): Oops: the blazon should read "Sable, on a flame within an annulet Or a hammer sable."

Correction (2010-Jul-01 17:07:48): Sable, on a flame Or a hammer sable, all within an annulet Or


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

10: Fygen Abendroth - New Name & New Device

Argent, a gore gules and in chief three annulets in fess sable

Language (German) most important.
Culture (German) most important.

Fygen is a 16th century feminine given name from Germany according to Julie Adams, "Renaissance German Names" (http://www.gerryadamsconstruction.com/germans/names.html). An example is Fygen Lützenkirchen, who was active in the silk guild in Cologne from 1474-1497 (http://www.frauen-gedenk-labyrinth.de/historifrauen.html and http://www.stadt-koeln.de/6/sehenswertes/rathaus/rathausturm/04305/index.html). She appears in a list of names from an exhibit on the silk trade from the Frauenmuseum in Bonn, Germany, along with Fygen Knechtgen and Fygyn van Sybergh (http://www.tinewilde.com/conceptlaterne.htm).

Anne Echois and Marty Williams, An Annotated Index of Medieval Women (Princeton, NJ: Markus Weiner Publishing, Inc., 1992, p. 194; http://books.google.com/books?id=KfGZM8RXSJwC) discusses Fygen van Berchem, who was active c. 1440s to 1502 in Germany. Bahlow/Gentry, s.n. Gigge, notes that Figen is the equivalent of 'Sophie', and that it was the basis of the surnames Fygeken (1457), Fygen (1380), Fyginck (1410), Gygener (1488), and Fyggener (1533).

Abendroth is a header from Bahlow, Deutsches Namenlexicon, pp. 20-1. Dated forms include von Abenrode (1250) and Aventrot (1400). Bahlow/Gentry, s.n. Abendroth, states that it is a "widely used fantasy name", possibly related to the name of the giant Abentrot from the legend of King Rother, and gives the same dated froms as the other book by Bahlow. The submitter prefers the header spelling, Abendroth.

Commenters noted that Brechenmacher states that the surname is most often a varient of Appenrodt, citing a transitional form of Abenroth. Examples are Heinr. de Abenrode (1250), Martin Abentrot (1578). Secondly, it could have a meaning of 'sunset', citing Pfarrer Auberoth (1483). Lastly, the giant in the Dietrich saga, Awentrod, lent the name Eben(t)rot, which is a separate entry in the book.


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

11: Gaspar Pereira - New Name

Language (Portuguese) most important.
Culture (Portuguese) most important.

Both Gaspar and Periera are found in Juliana de Luna, "Portuguese Names from the 16th Century: Letters from the Court of King John III" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/portugal16/). Gaspar is the 21st most popular name listed, with six instances noted. Pereira is found in the raw data for the article (ibid., http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/portugal16/portugal16data.html#list): Diogo Botelho Pereira (Dyogo), Francisco Pereira, and Joam Pereyra (João, Pereira), dated to 1533, and Nuno Vaaz Pereyra and his sister Violãte Pereyra, dated to 1537.


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

12: Godefroy de Lisieues - New Name & New Device

Azure, a boar salient contourney argent armed and crined Or and a chief ermine

Godefroy is found in Colm Dubh, "An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/paris.html#G).

de Lisieues is a locative byname dated 1160 found in D&R, s.n. Lisieux.

The name was thought to be clear of Godefroy Lévêque (03/2002, Atlantia) due to the difference in sound and appearance of the byname.


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

13: Rowena Moore - New Device Change

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in May of 1996, via the East

Bendy argent and vert, on a chief gules a quatrefoil argent

Old Item: Vert, on a nesselblatt argent a cluster of rowan berries gules slipped vert, to be retained as a badge.

Her name and previous device were registered in 05/1996 via the East.

This device was thought to be clear of Naadirah bint 'Ali (07/2004, West), Bendy argent and vert, on a chief purpure three sexfoils argent. There is a CD for changing the tincture of the chief, and another for changing the number and type of tertiary (quatrefoil vs. sexfoil).


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

14: Þórlæifr hvítskegg - Resub Badge

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2007, via the East

(Fieldless) An arrow Or and overall a wolf's head caboshed argent

His name was registered 03/2007 via the East. His first device submission, Sable, three wolf's heads caboshed one and two argent each jessant of an arrow Or, was returned in 12/2007 for having two steps from period practice: one for the use of a head other than a leopard jessant, and another for the use of a jessant charge that wasn't a fleur-de-lys. The second submission, Sable, three wolf's heads caboshed one and two argent, was returned in 11/2008 (East) for conflict with Fandal Silverfox, Sable, a fox's mask argent. A badge was on the 12/31/2009 Internal Letter of Intent, but was withdrawn by the submitter.


This item was on the 09-2010 LoAR

15: Wentliana Bengrek - Resub Device

OSCAR finds the name registered exactly as it appears in March of 2008, via the East

Purpure, three pegasi rampant to sinister argent

Her name was registered in 03/2008 via the East. Her prior device submission, Purpure, three pegasi segreant argent, was returned on the 07/2009 LoAR (East) for conflict with the device of Elena Catalina Santangelo y Fernandez, Purpure, three horses rampant argent.


Bibliography:

[Bahlow and Bahlow/Gentry] Bahlow, Hans. Deutsches Nameslexikon.

[D&R] Dauzat, Albert and Rostaing, Charles. Dictionnaire Etymologique des Noms de Lieux de la France.

[Geirr Bassi] Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name. Studia Marklandica I. Olney, MD: Markland Medieval Militia. 1977.

[R&W] Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. 3rd edn.

[Cleasby and Vigfusson] Cleasby, Richard, and Gudbrand Vigfusson, An Icelandic-English Dictionary. 2nd. ed. Oxford: Clarendon. 1957.


OSCAR counts 6 New Names, 4 New Devices and 2 New Device Changes. These 12 items are chargeable, Laurel should receive $36 for them. OSCAR counts 2 Resub Devices and 3 Resub Badges. These 5 items are not chargeable. OSCAR counts 1 Request for Name Reconsideration. This item may or may not require payment. There are a total of 18 items submitted on this letter.

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